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Jammu
Jammu
 pronunciation (help·info) is the largest city in the Jammu Division
Jammu Division
and the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
in India. It is situated on the banks of the Tawi River. It is administered by a municipal corporation.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Etymology 3 History 4 Climate 5 Transport 6 Administration 7 Economy 8 Tourism

8.1 Amar Mahal Palace 8.2 Bahu Fort and Baghe-e-Bahu Garden 8.3 Raghunath Temple 8.4 Peer Kho Cave 8.5 Vaishno Devi 8.6 Mubarak Mandi Palace 8.7 Dogra
Dogra
Art Museum

9 Demographics

9.1 Muslim communities

10 Education 11 Notable people from Jammu 12 Refugees and migration 13 Cuisine 14 References 15 Bibliography 16 External links

Geography Jammu
Jammu
is located at 32°44′N 74°52′E / 32.73°N 74.87°E / 32.73; 74.87.[2] It has an average elevation of 327 m (1,073 ft). Jammu
Jammu
city lies at uneven ridges of low heights at the Shivalik hills. It is surrounded by Shivalik range to the north, east and southeast while the Trikuta Range surrounds it in the north-west. It is approximately 600 kilometres (370 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi. The city spreads around the Tawi river with the old city overlooking it from the north (right bank) while the new neighbourhoods spread around the southern side (left bank) of river. There are five bridges on the river. The city is built on a series of ridges. Etymology The name Jammu
Jammu
is derived from its ruler Raja Jambulochan who is believed to have founded this city. Many historians and locals believe that Jammu
Jammu
was founded by Raja Jambu Lochan in the 14th century BC.[citation needed] History See also: History of the Punjab Jammu
Jammu
has historically been the capital of Jammu
Jammu
Province and the winter capital of the east, while Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
princely state (1846–1952). Jambu Lochan was the brother of Raja Bahu Lochan who constructed a fort, Bahu Fort, on the bank of river Tawi. The city name figures in the ancient book Mahabharata. Excavation near Akhnoor, 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Jammu
Jammu
city, provides evidence that Jammu
Jammu
was once part of the Harappan civilization. Remains from the Maurya, Kushan, Kushanshahs and Gupta periods have also been found in Jammu. After 480 CE, the area was dominated by the Hephthalites and ruled from Kapisa
Kapisa
and Kabul. They were succeeded by the Kushano-Hephthalite dynasty from 565 to 670 CE, then by the Shahi from 670 CE to the early 11th century, when the Shahi were destroyed by the Ghaznavids. Jammu
Jammu
is also mentioned in accounts of the campaigns of Timur. The area witnessed changes of control following invasions by Mughals
Mughals
and Sikhs, before finally falling under the control of the British. The Dev Dynasty ruled it for about 984 years from 840 CE to 1816 CE.[citation needed] Then came the Dogra dynasty
Dogra dynasty
founded by Raja Gulab Singh who eventually became the Maharaja of Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir. The rulers built great temples, renovated old shrines, built educational institutes and many more. A 43 km long railway line connecting Jammu
Jammu
with Sialkot
Sialkot
was laid in 1897[3] After the partition of India, Jammu
Jammu
continued as the winter capital of the Indian state of Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir. Climate Jammu, like the rest of north-western India, features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa),[4] with extreme summer highs reaching 46 °C (115 °F), and temperatures in the winter months occasionally falling below 4 °C (39 °F). June is the hottest month with average highs of 40.6 °C (105.1 °F), while January is the coldest month with average lows reaching 7 °C (45 °F). Average yearly precipitation is about 42 inches (1,100 mm) with the bulk of the rainfall in the months from June to September, although the winters can also be rather wet. In winter dense smog causes much inconvenience and temperature even drops to 2 °C (36 °F). In summer, particularly in May and June, extremely intense sunlight or hot winds can raise the mercury to 46 °C (115 °F). Following the hot season, the monsoon lashes the city with heavy downpours along with thunderstorms: rainfall may total up to 669 mm (26.3 in) in the wettest months.

Climate data for Jammu
Jammu
(1971–2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 28.0 (82.4) 31.7 (89.1) 37.2 (99) 43.9 (111) 47.4 (117.3) 47.2 (117) 45.0 (113) 41.7 (107.1) 38.9 (102) 37.9 (100.2) 34.2 (93.6) 28.1 (82.6) 47.4 (117.3)

Average high °C (°F) 18.9 (66) 21.6 (70.9) 25.6 (78.1) 32.0 (89.6) 37.2 (99) 38.7 (101.7) 34.0 (93.2) 33.1 (91.6) 33.1 (91.6) 31.2 (88.2) 26.6 (79.9) 21.2 (70.2) 29.6 (85.3)

Average low °C (°F) 7.8 (46) 9.8 (49.6) 13.9 (57) 18.9 (66) 23.3 (73.9) 26.0 (78.8) 25.3 (77.5) 24.8 (76.6) 23.1 (73.6) 18.1 (64.6) 13.0 (55.4) 9.0 (48.2) 17.7 (63.9)

Record low °C (°F) 0.6 (33.1) 1.1 (34) 4.4 (39.9) 8.5 (47.3) 9.8 (49.6) 13.8 (56.8) 14.0 (57.2) 15.0 (59) 15.0 (59) 11.3 (52.3) 6.1 (43) 0.9 (33.6) 0.6 (33.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 52.4 (2.063) 79.0 (3.11) 74.9 (2.949) 47.1 (1.854) 34.8 (1.37) 87.3 (3.437) 371.5 (14.626) 370.2 (14.575) 140.9 (5.547) 25.1 (0.988) 10.1 (0.398) 38.3 (1.508) 1,331.6 (52.425)

Average rainy days 3.1 4.2 4.8 3.2 3.2 5.3 12.5 13.1 6.1 1.8 1.1 2.3 60.6

Source: India
India
Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[5][6]

Transport

Jammu Tawi
Jammu Tawi
station

Jammu
Jammu
city has a railway station called Jammu Tawi
Jammu Tawi
(station code JAT) that is connected with major cities of India. The old railway link to Sialkot
Sialkot
was broken after the Partition of India
India
and Jammu
Jammu
had no rail services until 1971, when the Indian Railways
Indian Railways
laid the Pathankot
Pathankot
- Jammu Tawi
Jammu Tawi
Broad Gauge
Broad Gauge
line. The new Jammu Tawi
Jammu Tawi
station was opened in October 1972 and is an origination point for Express trains. With the commencement of the Jammu– Baramulla
Baramulla
line, all trains to the Kashmir Valley will pass through Jammu
Jammu
Tawi. A part of the Jammu–Baramulla project has been executed and the track has been extended to Katra. Jalandhar
Jalandhar
- Pathankot
Pathankot
- Jammu Tawi
Jammu Tawi
section has been doubled and electrified.

National Highway 1A

National Highway 1A which passes through Jammu
Jammu
connects it to the Kashmir valley. National Highway 1B connects Jammu
Jammu
with Poonch
Poonch
town. Jammu
Jammu
is just 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Kathua
Kathua
town, while it is 68 kilometres (42 mi) from Udhampur
Udhampur
city. Katra is also 49 kilometres (30 mi) away. Jammu Airport
Jammu Airport
is in the middle of Jammu. It has direct flights to Srinagar, Delhi, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Leh
Leh
and Mumbai
Mumbai
and Bengaluru. Jammu Airport
Jammu Airport
operate daily 30 arrival and departure flights which is Goair, Air India, Spicejet
Spicejet
and Indigo
Indigo
running daily flights. The city has JKSRTC city buses under and mini buses for local transport which run on some defined routes. These mini buses are called "Matadors". Besides this auto-rickshaw and cycle-rickshaw service is also available. Local taxis are also available. Administration Jammu
Jammu
city serves as the winter capital of Jammu
Jammu
& Kashmir state from November to April when all the offices move from Srinagar
Srinagar
to Jammu. Srinagar
Srinagar
serves as the summer capital from May to October.[7] Jammu
Jammu
was a municipal committee during 2001 census of India. With effect from 5 September 2003, it has upgraded status of a municipal corporation.[8] Economy Jammu
Jammu
city is the main cultural and economic centre of the administrative division of Jammu. The city has a number of small industries.[vague] Jammu
Jammu
has a number of woodgrain mills to cater to the local population. One of the most famous local Basmati Rice is produced in RS Pura area near jammu, which is then processed in rice mills in Jammu. Apart from Rice Mills scattered all around Jammu, industrial estate at Bari Brahamna has a large presence of Industrial units manufacturing a variety of products right from carpets, electronic goods, electric goods etc. The local government gives incentives for new units by foregoing taxes for a few initial years of establishment. Bari Brahamna also has a freight rail link that helps carry the goods manufactured here to other parts of India. Tourism Main article: Tourism in Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir

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Amar Mahal Palace

Tourism is the largest industry in Jammu
Jammu
as in the rest of the state. It is also a focal point for the pilgrims going to Vaishno Devi
Vaishno Devi
and Kashmir valley
Kashmir valley
as it is second last railway terminal in North India. All the routes leading to Kashmir, Poonch, Doda
Doda
and Laddakh start from Jammu
Jammu
city. So throughout the year the city remains full of people from all the parts of India. Places of interest include old historic palaces like Mubarak Mandi, Purani Mandi, Rani Park, Amar Mahal, Bahu Fort, Raghunath Temple, Ranbireshwar Temple, Karbala, Peer Meetha, Old city and a number of shopping places, fun parks, etc. Amar Mahal Palace The Amar Mahal Palace is a palace in Jammu, in the Indian state of Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir, India, which has now been converted into a Museum. It was built in the nineteenth century for Raja Amar Singh, a Dogra king by a French architect on the lines of a French Chateau. The palace was donated to the Hari-Tara charitable trust by Dr. Karan Singh for use as a museum. It has many exhibits including a golden throne weighing 120 kg, Pahari miniature and Kangra miniature paintings, a library of 25,000 antique books and many rare art collections. The palace was the last official residence of the Dogra dynasty, and a large collection of portraits of the royal family are also on display in the Museum. Bahu Fort and Baghe-e-Bahu Garden

Bahu Fort, Jammu, India

Nestled 5 km from the city center, Bahu Fort and Garden lies on the left bank of the Tawi River
Tawi River
in the city of Jammu. It was built by Raja Bahulochan more than 3000 years ago. Close to the fort, there is a shrine devoted to the Hindu Goddess Kali. It was renovated in 19th century by the Dogra
Dogra
rulers. There is a terraced garden, called Bagh-e-Bahu.[citation needed] Raghunath Temple Amongst the temples in Jammu, the Raghunath Temple[9] takes pride of place being situated right in the heart of the city. This temple is situated at the city centre and was built in 1857. Work on the temple was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the Kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir, in 1835 AD and was completed by his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1860 AD. The inner walls of the main temple are covered with gold sheet on three sides. There are many galleries with lakhs of saligrams. The surrounding Temples are dedicated to various Gods and Goddesses connected with the epic Ramayana. This temple consists of seven shrines, each with a tower of its own. It is the largest temple complex in northern India. Though 130 years old, the complex is remarkable for sacred scriptures, one of the richest collections of ancient texts and manuscripts in its library. Its arches, surface and niches are undoubtedly influenced by Mughal architecture while the interiors of the temple are plated with gold. The main sanctuary is dedicated to Lord Vishnu's eighth incarnation and Dogras' patron deity, the Rama. It also houses a Sanskrit Library containing rare Sanskrit manuscripts. Peer Kho Cave

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Alongside the same Tawi river are the Peer Kho Cave temple,[10] the Panchbakhtar temple and the Ranbireshwar temple dedicated to Lord Shiva with their own legends and specific days of worship. Peer Kho cave is located on the bank of river Tawi and it is widely believed that Ramayan character Jamvant (the bear god) meditated in this cave. The Ranbireshwar Temple has twelve Shiva lingams of crystal measuring 12" to 18" and galleries with thousands of saligrams fixed on stone slabs. Located on the Shalimar Road near the New Secretariat, and built by Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1883 AD. It has one central lingam measuring seven and a half feet height (2.3 m) and twelve Shiva lingams of crystal measuring from 15 cm to 38 cm and galleries with thousands of Shiva lingams fixed on stone slabs. Vaishno Devi

Vaishno Devi
Vaishno Devi
Temple

Situated at an altitude of 5,200 feet above sea level, the Holy Cave Shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi
Vaishno Devi
or Trikuta Bhagwati has been a beacon of faith and fulfilment to millions of devotees from all over the world. The pilgrimage to the Shrine holds great significance for the pilgrims. The Yatris have to undertake a trek of nearly 12 km from the base camp at Katra. At the culmination of their pilgrimage, the yatries are blessed with the Darshans of the Mother Goddess inside the Sanctum Sanctorum - the Holy Cave. These Darshans are in the shape of three natural rock formations called the Pindies. There are no statues or idols inside the Cave.[11] A geological study of the Holy Cave has indicated its age to be nearly a million years. As per belief the practice of worshipping Shakti, largely started in the Puranic period and the first mention of the Mother Goddess is in the epic Mahabharat. When the armies of Pandavs and Kaurvas were arrayed in the battlefield of Kurukshetra, Arjun, the chief warrior of Pandavs upon advice of Sri Krishna; meditated upon the Mother Goddess and sought Her blessings for victory. This is when Arjun addresses the Mother Goddess as 'Jambookatak Chityaishu Nityam Sannihitalaye', which means 'you who always dwell in the temple on the slope of the mountain in Jamboo' (probably referring to the present day Jammu). On a mountain, just adjacent to the Trikuta Mountain and overlooking the Holy Cave are five stone structures, which are believed to be the rock symbols of the five Pandavs.[12] Mubarak Mandi Palace Mubarak Mandi is a palace in Jammu, India. The palace was the royal residence of the maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
from the Dogra
Dogra
dynasty. It was their main seat till 1925 when Maharaja Hari Singh
Hari Singh
moved to the Hari Niwas Palace in the northern part of Jammu. The palace is located in the heart of the old walled city of Jammu
Jammu
and overlooks the Tawi river. Dogra
Dogra
Art Museum Dogra
Dogra
Art Museum, Jammu
Jammu
previously known as the Dogra
Dogra
Art Gallery is a museum of Dogra
Dogra
cultural heritage housed in the Pink Hall of the Mubarak Mandi complex, Jammu, India. It is a government museum and the biggest in Jammu
Jammu
region, one of the three divisions in the north Indian state of Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir. The museum is unit of Directorate of Archives, Archaeology and Museums, under the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Government. The building was erected in commemoration of the visit of the British Monarch Edward VII
Edward VII
when he came to Jammu
Jammu
as the Prince of Wales in 1875. This building housed the Public Library as well as the Museum. Demographics

Religion in Jammu
Jammu
(2011)[13]

Religion

Percent

Hinduism

81.19%

Sikhism

8.83%

Islam

7.95%

Christianity

1.35%

Others

0.68%

As of 2011 census,[14] the population of Jammu
Jammu
city was 502,197. Males constituted 52.7% of the population; females numbered constituted 47.3% of the population. The sex ratio was 898 females per 1,000 males against national average of 940. Jammu
Jammu
had an average literacy rate of 89.66%, much higher than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy was 93.13% and female literacy was 85.82%. 8.47% of the population were under 6 years of age. The urban agglomeration of Jammu
Jammu
had a population of 657,314.[15] Most of Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir's Hindus live in the Jammu
Jammu
region and are closely related to the Punjabi-speaking peoples in the Punjab state; many speak Dogri,[16] earlier considered a dialect of Punjabi; Dogri
Dogri
is a dialect of Punjabi on the basis of grammar and vocabulary.

Singer Malika Pukhraj
Malika Pukhraj
in 1920s

Rank Language 1961[17]

1 Dogri 55%

2 Punjabi 22%

3 Hindi 11.6%

— Other 11.4%

Muslim communities Main article: 1947 Jammu
Jammu
massacres The Jammu
Jammu
city and the Jammu district
Jammu district
had a significant Muslim population prior to the Partition of India, 37 per cent by the 1941 census. During the 1947 Jammu
Jammu
massacres, which preceded and continued during the Pakistan tribal invasion of Kashmir, a large number of Muslims were killed and the rest driven away to Pakistan. The estimates of the number killed vary between 20,000–100,000. The killings were carried out by extremist Hindus and Sikhs, allegedly orchestrated by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and aided and abetted by the State Forces and the Maharaja Hari Singh.[18][19][20] As a result of the violence and migration, by 1961, less than 10 per cent of the population in the Jammu district
Jammu district
was Muslim.[21] The displaced Muslims took refuge in the Sialkot
Sialkot
District and other parts of Pakistani Punjab. Many prominent Punjab residents in Pakistan, including politician Chaudhry Amir Hussain, economist Mahbub ul Haq, Air Marshal Asghar Khan, journalist Khalid Hasan and singer Malika Pukhraj were from Jammu.[22] Education In the 2014–2015 General Budget of India, Arun Jaitley, the Finance Minister of India, proposed an Indian Institute of Technology
Indian Institute of Technology
and an Indian Institute of Management
Indian Institute of Management
for the division. List of some educational institutions is provided below. Engineering Colleges in Jammu:-

Shri Mata Vaishno Devi
Vaishno Devi
University, Katra, Kakrial Government College of Engineering and Technology, Jammu Model Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jammu [1] Kot Bhalwal, Jammu Indian Institute of Technology
Indian Institute of Technology
Jammu
Jammu
(to be started) Yogananda College of Engineering and Technology, Jammu

Medical Institutions:-

Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, CSIR

General Degree Courses (colleges):-

Govt. Gandhi Memorial Science College, Jammu Govt. MAM PG College, Jammu

Universities:-

Central University of Jammu Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu Shri Mata Vaishno Devi
Vaishno Devi
University Katra, Kakrial University of Jammu

Notable people from Jammu

Nilamber Dev Sharma - Dogri
Dogri
writer & Padma Shri Shesh Paul Vaid
Shesh Paul Vaid
- IPS Officer Ustad Allarakha Qureshi - Tabla
Tabla
Player Malika Pukhraj
Malika Pukhraj
- Singer Pandit Shivkumar Sharma
Shivkumar Sharma
- Santoor
Santoor
Player Jitendra Udhampuri - Writer V. N. Kaul - IAS Officer Bana Singh PVC Bikram Singh - former Chief of Army Staff (COAS) of the Indian Army. Nirmal Chander Vij
Nirmal Chander Vij
- 21st Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army. Ekta Kaul - Actor K. L. Saigal
K. L. Saigal
- Singer and Actor Loveleen Kaur Sasan - Actor Mohit Raina
Mohit Raina
- Actor Mukesh Rishi
Mukesh Rishi
- Actor Raj Singh Arora - Actor Shaheer Sheikh
Shaheer Sheikh
- Actor Sidhant Gupta - Actor Vidyut Jammwal - Actor Adarsh Sein Anand - 29th Chief Justice of India T. S. Thakur
T. S. Thakur
- 43rd Chief Justice of India Padma Sachdev - Poet, Novelist Shamma Jain
Shamma Jain
- Ambassador of India Mithun Manhas - Cricketer Shubham Khajuria - Cricketer Balwant Thakur
Balwant Thakur
- Theater Director and Actor
Actor
& Padma Shri
Padma Shri
award winner

Refugees and migration The annual rate of intra-regional migration is estimated between 29% to 35%.[citation needed] Being comparatively safe from terrorism, Jammu
Jammu
has become a hub of refugees. At present there are about 9-13 lakhs refugees living in and around Jammu
Jammu
in different relief camps. These primarily include Kashmiri Hindus IDP who migrated from Kashmir in 1989, Pakistan administered Kashmir refugees (mainly Hindus), refugees from Reasi, Doda
Doda
and Kishtwar
Kishtwar
(both Hindus and Muslims).[citation needed] Cuisine Jammu
Jammu
is known for its sund panjeeri, patisa , rajma with rice and Kalari cheese. Dogri
Dogri
food specialties include ambal, khatta meat, kulthein di dal, dal patt, maa da madra, rajma, and auriya. Pickles typical of Jammu
Jammu
are made of kasrod, girgle, mango with saunf, zimikand, tyaoo, seyoo, and potatoes. Auriya is a dish made with potatoes. Jammu
Jammu
cuisine features various chaats, especially gol gappas, kachalu, Chole bhature, gulgule, rajma kulche and dahi bhalla, among various others.[23] During weddings it is typical to make kayoor and sugar. References

^ " Jammu
Jammu
Municipal Corporation (Homepage)". Official website of Jammu Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008.  ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jammu, India".  ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 14, page 49 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India
India
-- Digital South Asia Library".  ^ "Climate: Jammu
Jammu
- Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 29 August 2013.  ^ " Jammu
Jammu
Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 10, 2015.  ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India
India
Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2015.  ^ "Scheme for voting by postal ballot by a person holding any office under the Govt. and verified to be moving along with the headquarters of the Govt. from Kashmir Province to Jammu
Jammu
Province or vice-versa" (PDF). Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir. p. 1. Retrieved 8 December 2008. ...the State Govt. functions for six months (November to April) in the winter capital Jammu
Jammu
after which it moves to the summer capital Srinagar...  ^ "History of Jammu
Jammu
Municipal Corporation". Official website of Jammu Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2008.  ^ "Department of Tourism, Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
- Raghunath Temple". www.jktourism.org. Retrieved 2015-09-27.  ^ "Department of Tourism, Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
- Peer Khoh". www.jktourism.org. Retrieved 2015-09-27.  ^ "Shri Mata Vaishno Devi".  ^ "Shri Mata Vaishno Devi
Vaishno Devi
Yatra Online Registration & Helicopter Booking & much more". www.jammu.com. Retrieved 2015-09-27.  ^ " Jammu
Jammu
City Population Census 2011 - Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir".  ^ " Jammu
Jammu
Municipal Corporation Demographics". Census of India. Retrieved 25 April 2017.  ^ " Jammu
Jammu
& Kashmir (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". City Population. Retrieved 25 April 2017.  ^ " Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^ Kashmir, India
India
Superintendent of Census Operations, Jammu
Jammu
and; Kamili, M. H. "District Census Handbook, Jammu
Jammu
& Kashmir: Jammu" – via Google Books.  ^ Ved Bhasin (17 November 2015). " Jammu
Jammu
1947". Kashmir Life. Retrieved 4 June 2017.  ^ Chattha, Partition and its Aftermath 2009, p. 182, 183. ^ Singh, Amritjit; Iyer, Nalini; Gairola, Rahul K. (2016-06-15). Revisiting India's Partition: New Essays on Memory, Culture, and Politics. Lexington Books. p. 149. ISBN 9781498531054.  ^ Luv Puri, Across the Line of Control
Line of Control
2012, p. 30. ^ Luv Puri, Across the Line of Control
Line of Control
2012, pp. 3, 31. ^ " Jammu
Jammu
Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 

Bibliography

Puri, Luv (2012), Across the Line of Control: Inside Azad Kashmir, Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-80084-6 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jammu.

Jammu
Jammu
travel guide from Wikivoyage  "Jammu". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

State and Union Territory capitals of India

Agartala Aizawl Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto) Bangalore Bhopal Bhubaneswar Chandigarh Chennai Daman Dehradun
Dehradun
(interim) New Delhi Dispur Gandhinagar Gangtok Hyderabad Imphal Itanagar Jaipur Jammu
Jammu
(in winter) Kavaratti Kohima Kolkata Lucknow Mumbai Panaji Patna Pondicherry Port Blair Raipur Ranchi Shillong Shimla Silvassa Srinagar
Srinagar
(in summer) Thiruvananthapuram

v t e

Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
topics

Capital: Srinagar
Srinagar
(Summer); Jammu
Jammu
(Winter)

History

History of Kashmir Kashyapa Dynasties of ancient Kashmir Kambojas Lalitaditya Muktapida Didda Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent Zain-ul-Abidin Shah Mir Dynasty Durrani Empire Dogra
Dogra
Empire Sikh Empire Mughal Empire East India
India
Company Gulab Singh Zorawar Singh Jamwal Indian Rebellion of 1857 British Raj Kashmir Committee Partition of India Hari Singh Kashmir conflict Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts Insurgency Darbar Move

Government and politics

Jammu
Jammu
& Kashmir National Conference Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Peoples Democratic Party Instrument of Accession Article 370 All Parties Hurriyat Conference 1974 Indira-Sheikh accord Simla Agreement Sheikh Abdullah Karan Singh Omar Abdullah Syed Ali Shah Geelani Mirwaiz Umar Farooq

Culture and places

Kashmiriyat Music Cuisine Wazwan Kanger Shikara Pashmina Basohli painting Hinduism Kashmir Shaivism Sikhism Islam Alchi Bardan Basgo Chemrey Diskit Hanle Hemis Hundur Korzok Kursha Lamayuru Likir Lingshed Mashro Matho Mulbekh Namgyal Tsemo Phugtal Phyang Rangdum Rizong Sani Sankar Saspul Shey Monastery Spituk Stakna Stok Stongdey Takthok Thikse Tonde Wanla Zangla Dzongkhul Vaishno Devi Amarnath Gulmarg Pahalgam Sonamarg Verinag Wangath Temple complex Yusmarg Zanskar Forts National parks Lakes

Districts and divisions

Jammu
Jammu
Division

Kathua Jammu Samba Udhampur Reasi Rajouri Poonch Doda Ramban Kishtwar

Kashmir Division

Anantnag Kulgam Pulwama Shopian Badgam Srinagar Ganderbal Bandipora Baramulla Kupwara

Ladakh
Ladakh
Division

Kargil Leh

Cities

Srinagar Jammu Anantnag Baramulla Pulwama Kupwara Budgam Ganderbal Shupiyan Bandipora Kulgam Doda Poonch Rajauri Ramban Reasi Samba Udhampur Kathua Kishtwar

Towns

Downtown Kokernag Magam Shangus Bijbehara Doru Pahalgam Qazigund Achabal Kargil Awantipora Tral Gurez Sopore Pattan Kangan Hazratbal Uri Kreeri Boniyar Tangmarg Rafaiabad Badami_Bagh Buchpora Munawar_Abad Nowhatta Karnah Kupwara Lolab Handwara Charari Sharief Beerwah Chadoora Khan Sahib Quimoh Pahloo Damhal Hanji Pora

Famous villages

Padgampora Iskander Pora Mazhom Rathsoon Botingoo Fatehpora Durhama Hanjiwera Hardu-Aboora Kreeri Ladoora Ogmuna Seeloo Zazun Wakura Nawabagh Ratnipora

Regions

Jammu Kashmir Ladakh

Railways

Jammu– Baramulla
Baramulla
line Bilaspur–Manali– Leh
Leh
line Jammu– Poonch
Poonch
line Srinagar–Kargil– Leh
Leh
line Srinagar
Srinagar
railway station Jammu Tawi
Jammu Tawi
railway station Udhampur
Udhampur
railway station Qazigund
Qazigund
railway station Sadura railway station Anantnag
Anantnag
railway station Budgam
Budgam
railway station Baramulla
Baramulla
railway station Pampore railway station Kakapora railway station Mazhom railway station Banihal railway station Bijbehara
Bijbehara
railway station Pattan
Pattan
railway station Sopore
Sopore
railway station Awantipora
Awantipora
railway station Katra railway station Power stations

Roads

Mughal Road Leh–Manali Highway National Highway 1A Srinagar
Srinagar
Jammu
Jammu
National Highway 90 Feet Road Srinagar– Baramulla
Baramulla
highway Udhampur– Jammu
Jammu
highway

Legislative Assembly elections

2002 2008 2014

Sports

Sports in Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Cricket
Cricket
Association Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
cricket team Jammu
Jammu
& Kashmir Football Association Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
football team Jammu
Jammu
& Kashmir International Cricket
Cricket
Stadium Kashmir International Half Marathon Royal Springs Golf Course, Srinagar Ladakh
Ladakh
Marathon

Other topics

Line of Control Human rights abuses Tourism United Nations Military Observer Group in India
India
and Pakistan Indian Armed Forces and the Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Fl

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