Victor Company of Japan, Ltd (日本ビクター株式会社, Nippon
Bikutā Kabushiki-gaisha), TYO: 6792, usually referred to as
Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and
consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama. Founded in 1927,
the company is best known for introducing Japan's first televisions
and for developing the
Video Home System (VHS) video recorder.
From 1953 to 2008, Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. was the
majority stockholder in JVC. In 2008,
JVC merged with Kenwood
Corporation to create
JVC Kenwood Holdings.
1.1 1920s creation to World War II
1.3 1970s, 1980s and the VHS/
Betamax format war
1.4 Other notable achievements
1.5 21st century
3 Brand name
5 Product gallery
7 See also
9 External links
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1920s creation to World War II
JVC was founded in 1927 as "The
Victor Talking Machine Company
Victor Talking Machine Company of
Japan, Limited," a subsidiary of the United States' leading phonograph
and record company, the Victor Talking Machine Company. In 1929,
majority ownership was transferred to RCA-Victor. In the 1930s, JVC
produced phonographs and records. In 1932,
JVC began producing radios,
and in 1939 Japan's first locally-made television.
RCA Victor during World War II. Today the record
Japan is known as Victor Entertainment.
JVC HR-3300U VIDSTAR (1977)
JVC became majority-owned by the
Panasonic released its ownership in 2007.
In the 1960s,
JVC established the Nivico (Nippon Victor Corporation)
brand for Delmonico's line of console televisions and stereos.
JVC marketed the Videosphere, a portable cathode ray tube
(CRT) television inside a space-helmet-shaped casing with an alarm
clock at the base. It was a commercial success.
JVC introduced the first discrete system for four channel
quadraphonic sound on vinyl records - CD-4 (Compatible Discrete Four
Channel) or Quadradisc, as it was called by the
America (RCA) in the United States.
JVC introduced the first combined portable battery-operated
radio with inbuilt TV, as the model 3050. The TV was a 3-inch
(7.6 cm) black-and-white cathode ray tube. One year later, JVC
expanded the model to add a cassette-recorder, as the 3060, creating
the world's first boombox with radio, cassette and TV.[citation
KY D29 Digital-S camcorder.
In 1976, the first VCR to use
VHS was the Victor HR-3300, and was
introduced by the president of
JVC at the Okura Hotel on September 9,
JVC started selling the HR-3300 in Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan
on October 31, 1976. Region-specific versions of the
were also distributed later on, such as the HR-3300U in the United
States, and HR-3300EK in the United Kingdom.
1970s, 1980s and the VHS/
Betamax format war
VHS tape won over
Betamax to become common home recording
In the late 1970s,
JVC developed the
VHS format, introducing the first
VHS recorders to the consumer market in 1976 for the equivalent of US
$1060. Sony, which had introduced the
Betamax home videocassette tape
a year earlier, became the main competitor for JVC's
VHS format into
the 1980s, creating the videotape format war. The
Betamax cassette was
smaller, with slightly superior picture quality to the
but this resulted in
Betamax having less recording time. The two
companies competed fiercely to encourage others to adopt their format,
but by 1984 forty companies were using JVC's
VHS format, while only 12
Sony began producing
VHS recorders in 1988 and after
1993 stopped making
Betamax recorders for the US market, and then
completely in 2002.
Other notable achievements
JVC demonstrated a prototype of its video high density (VHD)
disc system. This system was capacitance-based, like capacitance
electronic disc (CED), but the discs were grooveless with the stylus
being guided by servo signals in the disc surface. The VHD discs were
initially handled by the operator and played on a machine that looked
like an audio LP turntable, but
JVC used caddy-housed discs when the
system was marketed. Development suffered numerous delays, and the
product was launched in 1983 in Japan, followed by the United Kingdom
in 1984, to a limited industrial market.
JVC introduced a line of revolutionary direct-drive cassette
decks, topped by the DD-9, that provided previously unattainable
levels of speed stability.
During the 1980s
JVC briefly marketed its own portable audio equipment
similar to the
Sony Walkman on the market at the time. The
was released in 1982 and had a detachable radio that mounted to the
headphones for a compact, wire-free listening experience.
difficulty making the products successful, and a few years later
stopped making them. In Japan,
JVC marketed the products under the
name "Victor".
JVC released the HC-95, a personal computer with a
Zilog Z80A processor, 64 KB RAM, running on MSX
Basic 2.0. It included two 3.5" floppy disk drives and conformed to
the graphics specification of the MSX-2 standard. However, like the
Pioneer PX-7, it also carried a sophisticated hardware interface that
handled video superimposition and various interactive video processing
JVC HC-95 was first sold in Japan, and then Europe, but
sales were disappointing.
JVC video recorders were marketed by the Ferguson
the UK, with just cosmetic changes. However, Ferguson needed to find
another supplier for its camcorders when
JVC produced only the VHS-C
format, rather than video8. Ferguson was later acquired by Thomson SA,
which ended the relationship.
JVC later invented hard drive
JVC ProHD video camera (2006)
In October 2001, the National Academy of
Television Arts and Sciences
Emmy Award for "outstanding achievement in
technological advancement" for "Pioneering Development of Consumer
Camcorders". Annual sponsorships of the world-renowned
JVC Tokyo Video
Festival and the
JVC Jazz Festival have helped attract the attention
of more customers.
JVC has been a worldwide football (soccer) supporter since 1982,
having a former kit sponsorship with Arsenal and continued its role as
an official partner of
2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan.
headlines as the first-ever corporate partner of the Kennedy Space
Center Visitor Complex.
JVC has recently forged corporate partnerships
ESPN Zone and Foxploration. In 2005,
JVC joined HANA, the
Video Network Alliance, to help establish
standards in consumer-electronics interoperability.
JVC announced their development of the first
DVD-RW DL media
(the dual layer version of the rewritable DVD-RW format).
In December 2006, Matsushita entered talks with Kenwood and Cerberus
Capital Management to sell its stake in JVC.
In 2007, Victor Company of
Japan Ltd confirmed a strategic capital
alliance with Kenwood and SPARKX Investment, resulting in Matsushita's
holding being reduced to approximately 37%.
In March 2008, Matsushita (Panasonic) agreed to spin off the company
and merge it with Kenwood Electronics, creating
JVC Kenwood Holdings
on October 1, 2008.
In April 2008,
JVC announced that it was closing its TV plants in East
Kilbride (Scotland) and Japan. This left it with one plant in
Thailand. It stated it would outsource European production to an
JVC TVs for North America are now being manufactured by AmTRAN Video
Corporation along with distribution, service, and warranty under
JVC Kenwood. In Europe, Dixons Carphone, owner of
Currys Digital and
PC World has a similar arrangement with JVC
JVC sells mainly some audio accessories, like headphones,
and until recently DIN type car audio. Also in Europe,
JVC is present
with camcorders, security cameras, audio systems and with their
emblematic boom box, projectors.
JVC TV sets in
manufactured mainly by Turkish manufacturer Vestel, but are not
available in all countries.
JVC is a well-known brand among English football (soccer) fans due to
the firm's sponsorship of Arsenal Football Club from 1981 to 1999,
Sega took over as Arsenal's sponsors. JVC's 18-year association
with Arsenal is one of the longest club-sponsor associations with any
professional club football. Also shirt sponsored
Aberdeen Football Club in the eighties and early nineties.
JVC also sponsors the away shirts of the Australian
Sydney FC, and Dutch race driver Christijan Albers.
Victor logo used in Japan
See also: His Master's Voice, Nipper, Victor Talking Machine Company,
RCA Records, and HMV Group
JVC is generally known within
Japan by the Victor brand, preceded by
His Master's Voice
His Master's Voice (HMV) logo featuring the dog Nipper. Because of
a conflict in trademarks between HMV and Victor, HMV is not allowed to
Nipper in Japan. At one time, the company used the Nivico name
(for "Nippon Victor Company") overseas, before rebranding to JVC,
which stands for Japan's Victor Company. Therefore, the Victor and
JVC-Victor web sites look quite different. Conversely, the HMV store
chain exists in
Japan (though no longer owned by HMV Group), but it
cannot use the
His Master's Voice
His Master's Voice motto or logo; its logo is a
stylized image of a gramophone only. After American corporation
RCA, brought out the company in 1929 and became
RCA Victor in Japan,
RCA also had acquired the use of
His Master's Voice
His Master's Voice logo,
but for use in North America.
India Gurgaon, Haryana, India
JVC America Inc. - Tuscaloosa, Alabama, US
JVC Americas Corp - Wayne, New Jersey, US
Canada Inc. - Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
JVC Asia - Singapore
Australia - Australia
China - China
Europe - United Kingdom
JVC Middle-East (and Africa) - Dubai, UAE
JVC Latin America, S.A. - Panama
JVC do Brasil Ltda. - Brazil
International - Austria
JVC CD player
JVC KD-D10E tape deck
JVC 9F-220C radio
JVC Picsio pocket camcorder
Bintang Andalan Masa Depan (English: The Mainstay Star of the future,
Indonesia Only, 2000-2004)
The Perfect Experience (2004-present)
List of digital camera brands
List of home computers
Taiyo Yuden (partner with JVC)
Video tape recorder
Videotape format war
^ "Annual Report 2008 Financial Section for JVC" (PDF).
Holdings, Inc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22.
^ "Matsushita owned
JVC 1953-2007". Retrieved 2012-10-08.
^ a b "Always Helpful! Full of Information on Recording Media "Made in
Japan After All"". Nipponsei.jp. Archived from the original on
2011-01-11. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
JVC HR-3300". Totalrewind.org. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
Video / DVD - A Brief History of Home Video" (timeline), 2005,
Entertainment Scene, webpage: ES-hvid-hist.
JVC Develops World's First Single-sided, Dual Layer DVD-RW Disc
Technology" (PDF). 2005-04-04. Archived from the original (PDF) on
2014-12-21. Retrieved 2016-03-25. Victor Company of Japan, Ltd. (JVC)
is pleased to announce that it has developed the world's first [as of
April 4, 2005] single-sided, dual layer DVD-RW disc technology with a
maximum storage capacity of 8.5GB
^ "Matsushita Says No Decision on Sale of Victor Shares to Kenwood".
Bloomberg. 2006-12-23. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
JVC Take First Merger Steps". TWICE. 2007-08-06. Retrieved
^ Takenaka, Kiyoshi (2008-05-12). "JVC, Kenwood to merge under holding
company". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
^ "JAPAN NEWS:
JVC reports increased losses, plans to end TV
production in UK". Retrieved 22 March 2015.
^ "2010 - News Release - JVCKENWOOD Corporation". Archived from the
original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on
2014-04-11. Retrieved 2015-03-21.
^ "why nipper is disappearing from record labels!". Retrieved 22 March
^ "HMV ONLINE -
Retrieved 22 March 2015.
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