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The Italian football league system, also known as the Italian football pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league system for the association football in Italy, that consists of 594 divisions having 3332 teams (excluding Seconda and Terza Categoria), in which all divisions are bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation, with one team from San Marino
San Marino
also competing. The system has a hierarchical format with promotion and relegation between leagues at different levels, allowing even the smallest club the theoretical possibility of ultimately rising to the very top of the system. A certain number of the most successful clubs in each league can rise to a higher league, whilst those that finish at the bottom of their league can find themselves relegated. In addition to sporting performance, promotion is usually contingent on meeting criteria set by the higher league, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances. In theory it is possible for a lowly local amateur club to rise to the pinnacle of the Italian game and win the Scudetto. While this may be unlikely in practice (at the very least, in the short run), there certainly is significant movement within the pyramid. The top two levels contain one division each. Below this, the levels have progressively more parallel divisions, which each cover progressively smaller geographic areas.

Contents

1 History 2 Structure 3 Women 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The first leagues were started by English immigrants in the 1890s in Italy. The first club was Genoa
Genoa
Cricket
Cricket
and Athletic Club (now Genoa Cricket
Cricket
& Football Club). Initially there were separate leagues for Italians and foreigners, they merged around 1897. In March 1898, the Italian Football Federation
Italian Football Federation
(Federazione Italiana del Football, later re-called Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio, FIGC) was set up in Turin. With four clubs joining - Genoa, FC Torinese, Internazionale di Torino and the Società Ginnastica di Torino (Gymnastic Society of Torino). Other clubs existed but decided not to join. The first championship took place on a single day, May 8, 1898 in Torino. The title was won by Genoa. FIGC
FIGC
joined FIFA
FIFA
in 1905 and the championship moved to a league structure, based on regions, in the same year. After the interruption of World War I, football popularity grew and smaller clubs joined. In the summer of 1921, a second association was briefly created in competition with the FIGC: the Confederazione Calcistica Italiana (CCI), emerged from an argument between major and minor clubs over the structure of the national leagues. Hence in 1922 Italy
Italy
had two champions US Pro Vercelli
Pro Vercelli
and US Novese. The two groups eventually re-merged at the end of the season. The move to a single national league structure occurred in 1929 with initially eighteen teams in the top league. The first winners in 1930 were Internazionale. The national team also won the World Cup in 1934 and 1938. After World War II
World War II
the league returned to a regional structure with a north-south divide and a play-off for a single year before returning to a national league. Torino were the first post-war league champions and went on to win four in a row. However, it is Juventus, Milan and Internazionale that have dominated the league since World War II, having won the title in 57 of the 72 seasons. The current league system dates back to 1978, when semi-professional sector was disbanded. In that year, the current Lega Pro
Lega Pro
(then known as National Semiprofessional League) which ruled Serie C
Serie C
and Serie D, turned in a fully professional league organizing new Lega Pro
Lega Pro
Prima Divisione (Serie C1) and Lega Pro
Lega Pro
Seconda Divisione (Serie C2). Italy so became the only country having two distinct professional football leagues, 14 years before England. The Lega Pro
Lega Pro
was brought back in 2014, abolishing Serie C1 and Serie C2. On 25 May 2017 the Lega Pro assembly unanimously approved the return to the original name of the competition to Serie C.[1] Structure[edit] The first tier of Italian football is Serie A, which is governed by the Lega Nazionale Professionisti
Lega Nazionale Professionisti
Serie A
Serie A
and is made up of 20 teams. Next is the Serie B, which is organised by the Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie B. Both of these leagues cover the whole of Italy. The third tier is the Serie C, formerly Lega Pro. It is run by the Lega Italiana Calcio Professionistico; it has three divisions (of 18 clubs each) which are generally split on the basis of location. At the fourth tier is Serie D, a league of nine parallel divisions (in which the clubs are divided by geographical location) that is organised by the Dipartimento Interregionale of the Lega Nazionale Dilettanti. Beneath these are five further levels; four of them, Eccellenza, Promozione, Prima Categoria and Seconda Categoria, are organised by regional committees of the Lega Nazionale Dilettanti; and the last one, Terza Categoria, by provincial committees. All Serie A, Serie B
Serie B
and Serie C
Serie C
clubs are professional.

Level Divisions

Professional
Professional
Leagues

1 Serie A (One national division, 20 clubs)

2 Serie B (One national division, 22 clubs)

3 Serie C (3 interregional divisions, 19 clubs per division)

Non-professional Leagues

4 Serie D (9 interregional divisions, 18 clubs per division)

5 Eccellenza (28 regional divisions, 16–18 clubs per division)

6 Promozione (53 regional divisions, 14–18 clubs per division)

7 Prima Categoria (105 regional divisions, 16 clubs per division)

8 Seconda Categoria (182 regional/provincial divisions, 16 clubs per division)

9 Terza Categoria (232 provincial divisions, 6–18 clubs per division)

From 2005–06 season, if two or more teams end the league with the same number of points, the final place is given from following criteria (that count for every division):

Head-to-head records; Goal difference of head-to-head records; Goal difference of regular season; Most of goals scored; Draw.

Women[edit] The women's system is divided into only four levels. From 2002 to 2013 Serie A2 existed between the Serie A
Serie A
and B, but it has since been renamed to B.

Serie A Serie B
Serie B
(four divisions) Serie C
Serie C
(highest regional leagues) Serie D

See also[edit]

Lega Pro
Lega Pro
Prima Divisione Lega Pro
Lega Pro
Seconda Divisione Campionato Primavera Campionato Berretti Torneo di Viareggio List of football clubs in Italy Italian Football League
Italian Football League
(American football)

References[edit]

^ http://www.lega-pro.com/a-firenze-sorteggio-play-off-e-assemblea-dei-club/

External links[edit]

Map of Italian Football Club Stadia

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Football in Italy

Overview

National association League system List of clubs List of clubs by honours won List of venues Records Scudetto Cadetti Capocannoniere

International

Italy B team C team Olympic team Under-21 Under-20 Under-19 Under-18 Under-17 Under-16 Under-15 Italy
Italy
women

Leagues

Lega Serie A Lega Serie B Serie C Lega Nazionale Dilettanti Lega Calcio

defunct

League competitions

Serie A

Prima Divisione

defunct

Divisione Nazionale

defunct

Serie B Serie C

Lega Pro
Lega Pro
Prima Divisione

defunct

Lega Pro
Lega Pro
Seconda Divisione

defunct

Serie D Eccellenza Promozione Prima Categoria Seconda Categoria Terza Categoria

Cup competitions

Coppa Italia Supercoppa Italiana Coppa Italia
Coppa Italia
Serie C Supercoppa di Serie C

Supercoppa di Lega di Seconda Divisione

defunct

Coppa Italia
Coppa Italia
Serie D Coppa Italia
Coppa Italia
Dilettanti

Youth competitions

Leagues

Campionato Primavera 1 Campionato Primavera 2 Campionato Nazionale Dante Berretti Campionato Juniores Nazionali Campionato Nazionale Primavera
Campionato Nazionale Primavera
(defunct)

Coppa Italia
Coppa Italia
Primavera Supercoppa Primavera Torneo di Viareggio

Women's competitions

Serie A Coppa Italia Supercoppa Italiana

Awards

Gran Galà del Calcio AIC Italian Football Hall of Fame

Miscellaneous

Totonero 1980 Totonero 1986 Italian Law 91/1981, Article 18B financial doping scandals Caso Genoa 2006 Italian football scandal 2011–12 Italian football scandal 2015 Italian football scandal Article 52 of N.O.I.F. Serie A
Serie A
players Foreign Serie A
Serie A
players Foreign Serie B
Serie B
players

Seasons

1999–2000 2000–01 2001–02 2002–03 2003–04 2004–05 2005–06 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 2010–11 2011–12 2012–13 2013–14 2014–15 2015–16 2016–17 2017–18

v t e

Football in Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales

Vatican City

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Kosovo Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

v t e

League systems in sport

League system Sports league Professional
Professional
sports league organization Division (sport) Promotion and relegation

Association football

AFC

Afghanistan Australia Bahrain Bangladesh China East Timor Guam Hong Kong India Indonesia Iran Japan Korea Kuwait Macau Malaysia Mongolia Myanmar Northern Mariana Islands Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Thailand Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Vietnam

CAF

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CONCACAF

Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bonaire British Virgin Islands Canada Cayman Islands Costa Rica Cuba Curaçao Dominican Republic El Salvador French Guiana Guadeloupe Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Martin Sint Maarten Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States Virgin Islands

CONMEBOL

Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela

OFC

New Zealand Papua New Guinea Tahiti Tuvalu

UEFA

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark England
England
(women's) Estonia Faroe Islands Finland France Georgia Germany (women's) Gibraltar Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kosovo Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Scotland Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Wales

Basketball

South America Europe France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Poland Russia Serbia Spain Turkey

Handball

Denmark Germany Hungary

Rugby league

United Kingdom France

Rugby union

England France Ireland Scotland Wales New Zealand

Water polo

Hungary

Tennis

Davis Cup Fed Cup

Ice hockey

United States

Cricket

County Championship

American football

Germany

Shi

.