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The International Criminal Police Organization (French: Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation. It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923; it chose INTERPOL as its telegraphic address in 1946, and made it its common name in 1956.[4] INTERPOL has an annual budget of around €113 million, most of which is provided through annual contributions by its membership of police forces in 192 countries (as of 2017). In 2013, the INTERPOL General Secretariat employed a staff of 756, representing 100 member countries.[1] Its current Secretary-General is Jürgen Stock, the former deputy head of Germany's Federal Criminal Police Office. He replaced Ronald Noble, a former United States
United States
Under Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, who stepped down in November 2014 after serving 14 years.[5] Interpol's current President is Meng Hongwei, Deputy Minister of Public Security of China. To keep INTERPOL as politically neutral as possible, its charter forbids it, at least in theory, from undertaking interventions or activities of a political, military, religious, or racial nature or involving itself in disputes over such matters.[6] Its work focuses primarily on public safety and battling transnational crimes against humanity, child pornography, computer crime, cybercrime, drug trafficking, environmental crime, genocide, human trafficking, illicit drug production[7], copyright infringement, illicit traffic in works of art, intellectual property crime, money laundering, organized crime, corruption, terrorism, war crimes, weapons smuggling, and white-collar crime.

Contents

1 History 2 Constitution 3 Methodology 4 Finances 5 Criticism

5.1 2014 Russian intervention in Ukraine

6 The reform of Interpol
Interpol
mechanisms 7 Emblem 8 Members 9 Sub-bureaus 10 UN member states without membership 11 Partially recognized states and entities without membership or sub-bureau status 12 Unrecognized states without membership or sub-bureau status 13 Offices 14 Secretaries-general and presidents 15 See also 16 Notes 17 References 18 External links

History[edit] In the first part of the 20th century, several efforts were taken to formalize international police cooperation, but they initially failed.[8] Among these efforts were the First International Criminal Police Congress in Monaco
Monaco
in 1914, and the International Police Conference in New York in 1922. The Monaco
Monaco
Congress failed because it was organized by legal experts and political officials, not by police professionals, while the New York Conference failed to attract international attention. In 1923, a new initiative was taken at the International Criminal Police Congress in Vienna, where the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) was successfully founded as the direct forerunner of INTERPOL. Founding members included police officials from Austria, Germany, Belgium, Poland, China, Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia.[9] The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
joined in 1928.[10] The United States did not join Interpol
Interpol
until 1938, although a US police officer unofficially attended the 1923 congress.[11] Following Anschluss
Anschluss
in 1938, the organization fell under the control of Nazi
Nazi
Germany, and the Commission's headquarters were eventually moved to Berlin
Berlin
in 1942.[12] Most members withdrew their support during this period.[9] From 1938 to 1945, the presidents of the ICPC included Otto Steinhäusl, Reinhard Heydrich, Arthur Nebe, and Ernst Kaltenbrunner. All were generals in the SS, and Kaltenbrunner was the highest ranking SS officer executed after the Nuremberg Trials. After the end of World War II
World War II
in 1945, the organization was revived as the International Criminal Police Organization by officials from Belgium, France, Scandinavia
Scandinavia
and the United Kingdom. Its new headquarters were established in Saint-Cloud, a suburb of Paris. They remained there until 1989, when they were moved to their present location in Lyon. Until the 1980s, INTERPOL did not intervene in the prosecution of Nazi war criminals in accordance with Article 3 of its Charter, which prohibited intervention in "political" matters.[13] In July 2010, former INTERPOL President Jackie Selebi was found guilty of corruption by the South African High Court in Johannesburg for accepting bribes worth €156,000 from a drug trafficker.[14] After being charged in January 2008, Selebi resigned as president of INTERPOL and was put on extended leave as National Police Commissioner of South Africa.[15] He was temporarily replaced by Arturo Herrera Verdugo, the National Commissioner of Investigations Police of Chile and former vice president for the American Zone, who remained acting president until October 2008 and the appointment of Khoo Boon Hui.[16] On 8 November 2012, the 81st General Assembly closed with the election of Deputy Central Director of the French Judicial Police Mireille Ballestrazzi as the first female president of the organization.[17][18] In November 2016, Meng Hongwei, a politician from the People's Republic of China, was elected president at the 85th Interpol
Interpol
General Assembly, and will serve in this capacity until 2020.[19] Constitution[edit] The role of INTERPOL is defined by the general provisions of its constitution.[2] Article 2 states that its role is:

To ensure and promote the widest possible mutual assistance between all criminal police authorities within the limits of the laws existing in the different countries and in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. To establish and develop all institutions likely to contribute effectively to the prevention and suppression of ordinary law crimes.

Article 3 states:

It is strictly forbidden for the Organization to undertake any intervention or activities of a political, military, religious or racial character.

Methodology[edit]

Interpol
Interpol
ID card (front)

Contrary to the way it is frequently portrayed in popular culture, Interpol
Interpol
is not a supranational law enforcement agency and has no agents who are able to make arrests.[20] Instead, it is an international organization that functions as a network of criminal law enforcement agencies from different countries. The organization thus functions as an administrative liaison among the law enforcement agencies of the member countries, providing communications and database assistance, assisted via the central headquarters in Lyon, France.[21] Interpol's collaborative form of cooperation is useful when fighting international crime because language, cultural and bureaucratic differences can make it difficult for police officials from different nations to work together. For example, if ICE and FBI
FBI
special agents track a terrorist to Italy, they may not know whom to contact in the Polizia di Stato, if the Carabinieri
Carabinieri
have jurisdiction over some aspect of the case, or who in the Italian government must be notified of the ICE/FBI's involvement. ICE and the FBI
FBI
can contact the Interpol National Central Bureau in Italy, which would act as a liaison between the United States
United States
and Italian law enforcement agencies. Interpol's databases at the Lyon
Lyon
headquarters can assist law enforcement in fighting international crime.[20] While national agencies have their own extensive crime databases, the information rarely extends beyond one nation's borders. Interpol’s databases can track criminals and crime trends around the world, specifically by means of collections of fingerprints and face photos, lists of wanted persons, DNA samples, and travel documents. Interpol's lost and stolen travel document database alone contains more than 12 million records. Officials at the headquarters also analyze these data and release information on crime trends to the member countries. An encrypted Internet-based worldwide communications network allows Interpol
Interpol
agents and member countries to contact each other at any time. Known as I-24/7, the network offers constant access to Interpol's databases.[20] While the National Central Bureaus are the primary access sites to the network, some member countries have expanded it to key areas such as airports and border access points. Member countries can also access each other's criminal databases via the I-24/7 system. Interpol
Interpol
issued 13,637 notices in 2013, of which 8,857 were Red Notices, compared to 4,596 in 2008 and 2,037 in 2003. As of 2013, there are currently 52,880 valid notices in circulation.[1] In the event of an international disaster, terrorist attack, or assassination, Interpol
Interpol
can send an Incident Response Team (IRT). IRTs can offer a range of expertise and database access to assist with victim identification, suspect identification, and the dissemination of information to other nations' law enforcement agencies. In addition, at the request of local authorities, they can act as a central command and logistics operation to coordinate other law enforcement agencies involved in a case. Such teams were deployed eight times in 2013.[1] Interpol
Interpol
began issuing its own travel documents in 2009 with hopes that nations would remove visa requirements for individuals traveling for Interpol
Interpol
business, thereby improving response times.[22] In September 2017, the organization voted to accept Palestine and the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
as members.[23] Finances[edit] In 2013, Interpol's operating income was €78 million, of which 68 percent was contributed by member countries, mostly in the form of statutory contributions (67 percent) and 26 percent came from externally funded projects, private foundations and commercial enterprises. Financial income and reimbursements made up the other six percent of the total.[1] With the goal of enhancing the collaboration between Interpol
Interpol
and the private sector to support Interpol's missions, the Interpol
Interpol
Foundation for a Safer World was created in 2013. Although legally independent of Interpol, the relationship between the two is close enough for Interpol's president to obtain in 2015 the departure of HSBC CEO from the foundation board after the Swiss Leaks
Swiss Leaks
allegations[24]. From 2004 to 2010, Interpol's external auditors was the French Court of Audit.[25][26] In November 2010, the Court of Audit was replaced by the Office of the Auditor General of Norway for a three-year term with an option for a further three years.[27][28] Criticism[edit] Despite its politically neutral stance, some have criticized the agency for its role in arrests that critics contend were politically motivated. In 2008, the office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees pointed to the problem of arrests of refugees on the request of Interpol[29] in connection with politically motivated charges. In their declaration, adopted in Oslo (2010),[30] Monaco
Monaco
(2012),[31] Istanbul (2013),[32] and Baku (2014),[33] the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly criticized some OSCE member States for their abuse of mechanisms of the international investigation and urged them to support the reform of Interpol
Interpol
in order to avoid politically motivated prosecution. The Istanbul Declaration of the OSCE cited specific cases of such prosecution, including those of the Russian activist Petr Silaev, financier William Browder, businessman Ilya Katsnelson, Belorussian politician Ales Michalevic, and Ukrainian politician Bohdan Danylyshyn. The resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 31 January 2014 criticizes the mechanisms of operation of the Commission for the Control of Interpol's files, in particular, non-adversarial procedures and unjust decisions.[34][35] In 2014, PACE adopted a decision to thoroughly analyse the problem of the abuse of Interpol
Interpol
and to compile a special report on this matter.[36] In May 2015, within the framework of the preparation of the report, the PACE Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights organized a hearing, during which both representatives of NGOs and Interpol
Interpol
had the opportunity to speak.[37] Organizations, such as the Open Dialog Foundation,[38] Fair Trials International,[39] Centre for Peace Studies,[40] International Consortium of Investigative Journalists[41] indicate that non-democratic states use Interpol
Interpol
in order to harass opposition politicians, journalists, human rights activists and businessmen. According to them, countries that frequently abuse the Interpol
Interpol
system include: China,[42] Russia, Iran, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Tunisia.[38][39][41] The Open Dialog Foundation's report analysed 44 high-profile political cases, which went through the Interpol
Interpol
system.[38] A number of persons who have been granted refugee status in the EU and the US, including: Russian businessman Andrey Borodin,[43] Chechen Arbi Bugaev,[44] the Kazakh opposition politician Mukhtar Ablyazov[45] and his associate Artur Trofimov,[46] a journalist from Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Chandima Withana[47] continue to remain on the public Interpol
Interpol
list. Some of the refugees remain on the list of Interpol
Interpol
even after courts have refused to extradite them to a non-democratic state (for example, Pavel Zabelin,[48] a witness in the case of Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Alexandr Pavlov,[49] former security chief of the Kazakh oppositionist Ablyazov). Interpol
Interpol
has recognized some requests to include persons on the wanted list as politically motivated, e.g., Indonesian activist Benny Wenda, Georgian politician Givi Targamadze,[50] ex-president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili,[51] ex-president of Honduras
Honduras
Manuel Zelaya Rosales;[52] these persons have been removed from the wanted list. However, in most cases, Interpol
Interpol
removes a "red notice" against refugees only after an authoritarian state closes a criminal case or declares amnesty (for example, the cases of Russian activists, and political refugees: Petr Silaev, Denis Solopov, Aleksey Makarov, and Turkish sociologist Pinar Selek).[53][54][55][56] The election of Meng Hongwei as president and Alexander Prokopchuk, a Russian, as vice president of Interpol
Interpol
for Europe drew criticism in western media and raised fears of Interpol
Interpol
accepting politically motivated requests from China
China
and Russia.[57][58][59] Refugees who are included in the list of Interpol
Interpol
can be arrested when crossing the border.[39] The procedure for filing an appeal with Interpol
Interpol
is a long and complex one. For example, the Venezuelan journalist Patricia Poleo and a colleague of Kazakh activist Ablyazov, Tatiana Paraskevich, who were granted refugee status, sought to overturn the politically motivated request for as long as one and a half years, and six months, respectively.[60][61][62] In 2013, Interpol
Interpol
was criticized over its multimillion-dollar deals with such private sector bodies as FIFA, Philip Morris, and the pharmaceutical industry. The criticism was mainly about the lack of transparency and potential conflicts of interest such as Codentify.[63][64][65][66][67][68] After the 2015 FIFA
FIFA
scandal, the organization has severed ties with all the private-sector bodies that evoked such criticism, and has adopted a new and transparent financing framework. In 2016, Taiwan
Taiwan
criticized Interpol
Interpol
for turning down Taiwan's application to join the General Assembly as an observer.[69] The United States
United States
supports Taiwan's participation, and the U.S. Congress passed legislation directing the Secretary of State to develop a strategy to obtain observer status for Taiwan.[70] According to Stockholm Center for Freedom's report that was issued on September 2017, Turkey
Turkey
has weaponized Interpol
Interpol
mechanisms to hunt down legitimate critics and opponents in violation of Interpol's own constitution. The report lists abuse cases where not only arrest warrants but also revocation of travel documents and passports were used by Turkey
Turkey
as persecution tool against critics and opponents. The harassment campaign targeted foreign companies as well.[71] 2014 Russian intervention in Ukraine[edit] On 25 July 2014, despite Interpol's Constitution
Constitution
prohibiting them from undertaking any intervention or activities of a political or military nature,[72] the Ukrainian nationalist paramilitary leader Dmytro Yarosh was placed on Interpol's international wanted list at the request of Russian authorities,[73] which made him the only person wanted internationally after the beginning of the conflict between Ukraine
Ukraine
and Russia
Russia
in 2014. For a long time, Interpol
Interpol
refused to place former President of Ukraine
President of Ukraine
Viktor Yanukovych
Viktor Yanukovych
on the wanted list as a suspect in the mass killing of protesters during Euromaidan.[74][75] Yanukovych was eventually placed on the wanted list on 12 January 2015.[76] However, on 16 July 2015, after an intervention of Joseph Hage Aaronson LLP, the British law firm hired by the former Ukrainian President Yanukovych, the international arrest warrant against the former president of Ukraine
Ukraine
was suspended pending further review.[77] In December 2014, the Security Service of Ukraine
Security Service of Ukraine
(SBU) liquidated a sabotage and reconnaissance group that was led by a former agent of the Ukrainian Bureau of Interpol
Interpol
that also has family relations in the Ukrainian counter-intelligence agencies.[78] This year[clarification needed], Russia
Russia
has made attempts to place on the Interpol
Interpol
wanted list Ukrainian politician Ihor Kolomoyskyi
Ihor Kolomoyskyi
and Ukrainian civic activist Pavel Ushevets, subject to criminal persecution in Russia
Russia
following his pro-Ukrainian art performance in Moscow.[79] According to The Open Dialog Foundation, Russia
Russia
and other former Soviet republics like Azerbaijan, Belarus
Belarus
and Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
frequently misuse the Interpol
Interpol
system. The foundation's reports cite 44 politically motivated cases which have passed through the Interpol system. Of these, 18 cases originated in Russia, 10 in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and five in Belarus.[80] The reform of Interpol
Interpol
mechanisms[edit] From 1–3 July 2015, Interpol
Interpol
organized a session of the Working Group on the Processing of Information, which was formed specifically in order to verify the mechanisms of information processing. The Working Group heard the recommendations of civil society as regards the reform of the international investigation system and promised to take them into account, in light of possible obstruction or refusal to file crime reports nationally.[81] Human rights organization, The Open Dialog Foundation, recommended that Interpol, in particular: create mechanism for the protection of rights of people having international refugee status; initiate closer cooperation of the Commission for the Control of Files with human rights NGO and experts on asylum and extradition; enforce sanctions for violations of Interpol's rules; strengthen cooperation with NGOs, the UN, OSCE, the PACE and the European Parliament.[82] Fair Trials International proposed to create effective remedies for individuals who are wanted under a Red Notice on unfair charges; to penalize nations which frequently abuse the Interpol
Interpol
system; to ensure more transparency of Interpol's work.[83] The Centre for Peace Studies
Centre for Peace Studies
also created recommendations for Interpol, in particular to delete Red Notices and Diffusions for people who were granted refugee status according to 1951 Refugee Convention issued by their countries of origin, and to establish an independent body to review Red Notices on regular basis.[40] Emblem[edit]

INTERPOL Emblem

The current emblem of Interpol
Interpol
was adopted in 1950 and includes the following elements:[4]

the globe indicates worldwide activity the olive branches represent peace the sword represents police action the scales signify justice

Members[edit]

 Afghanistan  Albania  Algeria  Andorra  Angola  Antigua and Barbuda  Argentina  Armenia  Aruba  Australia  Austria  Azerbaijan  Bahamas  Bahrain  Bangladesh  Barbados  Belarus  Belgium  Belize  Benin  Bhutan  Bolivia  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Botswana  Brazil  Brunei  Bulgaria  Burkina Faso  Burundi  Cambodia  Cameroon  Canada  Cape Verde  Central African Republic  Chad  Chile  China  Colombia  Comoros  Republic of the Congo  Congo (Democratic Rep.)  Costa Rica  Côte d'Ivoire  Croatia  Cuba  Curaçao  Cyprus  Czech Republic  Denmark  Djibouti  Dominica  Dominican Republic  East Timor  Ecuador  Egypt  El Salvador  Equatorial Guinea  Eritrea  Estonia  Ethiopia  Fiji  Finland  France  Gabon  Gambia  Georgia  Germany  Ghana  Greece  Grenada  Guatemala  Guinea  Guinea-Bissau  Guyana  Haiti  Honduras  Hungary  Iceland  India  Indonesia  Iran  Iraq  Ireland  Israel  Italy  Jamaica  Japan  Jordan  Kazakhstan  Kenya  Kuwait  Kyrgyzstan  Laos  Lebanon  Latvia  Lesotho  Liberia  Libya  Liechtenstein  Lithuania  Luxembourg  Macedonia  Madagascar  Malawi  Malaysia  Maldives  Mali  Malta  Marshall Islands  Mauritania  Mauritius  Mexico  Moldova  Monaco  Mongolia  Montenegro  Morocco  Mozambique  Myanmar  Namibia  Nauru    Nepal  Netherlands  New Zealand  Nicaragua  Niger  Nigeria  Norway  Oman  Pakistan  Palestine  Panama  Papua New Guinea  Paraguay  Peru  Philippines  Poland  Portugal  Qatar  Romania  Russia  Rwanda  St. Kitts and Nevis  St. Lucia  St. Vincent and the Grenadines  Samoa  São Tomé and Príncipe  Saudi Arabia  San Marino  Senegal  Serbia  Seychelles  Sierra Leone  Singapore  Sint Maarten  Slovakia  Slovenia  Solomon Islands  Somalia  South Africa  South Korea  South Sudan  Spain  Sri Lanka  Sudan  Suriname  Swaziland  Sweden   Switzerland  Syria  Tajikistan  Tanzania  Thailand  Togo  Tonga  Trinidad and Tobago  Tunisia  Turkey  Turkmenistan  Uganda  Ukraine  United Arab Emirates  United Kingdom  United States  Uruguay  Uzbekistan   Vatican City  Venezuela  Vietnam  Yemen  Zambia  Zimbabwe

Sub-bureaus[edit]

 American Samoa  Anguilla  Bermuda  British Virgin Islands  Cayman Islands  Gibraltar  Hong Kong  Montserrat  Macau  Puerto Rico  Turks and Caicos

UN member states without membership[edit]

 Kiribati  Micronesia  North Korea  Palau  Tuvalu  Vanuatu

Partially recognized states and entities without membership or sub-bureau status[edit]

 Kosovo  Northern Cyprus  Sovereign Military Order of Malta  Taiwan[a]

Unrecognized states without membership or sub-bureau status[edit]

 Abkhazia  Artsakh  Somaliland  South Ossetia  Transnistria

Offices[edit] In addition to its General Secretariat headquarters in Lyon, Interpol maintains seven regional bureaus:[1]

Buenos Aires, Argentina San Salvador, El Salvador Yaoundé, Cameroon Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire Nairobi, Kenya Harare, Zimbabwe Bangkok, Thailand
Thailand
(Liaison Office) Belgium, Brussels
Brussels
Liaison office Kingdom of the Netherlands, Den Haag
Den Haag
Europol

Interpol's Command and Coordination Centres offer a 24/7 point of contact for national police forces seeking urgent information or facing a crisis. The original is in Lyon
Lyon
with a second in Buenos Aires added in September 2011. A third was opened in Singapore
Singapore
in September 2014.[84] Interpol
Interpol
opened a Special
Special
Representative Office to the United Nations in New York in 2004[85] and to the European Union
European Union
in Brussels
Brussels
in 2009.[86] The organization has constructed the Interpol
Interpol
Global Complex for Innovation (IGCI) in Singapore
Singapore
to act as its research and development facility, and a place of cooperation on digital crimes investigations. It was officially opened in April 2015, but had already become active beforehand. Most notably, a worldwide takedown of the SIMDA botnet infrastructure was co-ordinated and executed from IGCI's Cyber Fusion Centre in the weeks before the opening, as was revealed at the launch event.[87] Secretaries-general and presidents[edit]

Ronald Noble
Ronald Noble
at the 6th Global Congress about combating copyright infringement and counterfeiting.

Secretaries-general since organization's inception in 1923:

Oskar Dressler 1923–1946

Louis Ducloux 1946–1951

Marcel Sicot 1951–1963

Jean Népote 1963–1978

André Bossard 1978–1985

Raymond Kendall 1985–2000

Ronald Noble 2000–2014

Jürgen Stock 2014–

Presidents since organization's inception in 1923:

Johann Schober 1923–1932

Franz Brandl 1932–1934

Eugen Seydel 1934–1935

Michael Skubl 1935–1938

Otto Steinhäusl 1938–1940

Reinhard Heydrich 1940–1942

Arthur Nebe 1942–1943

Ernst Kaltenbrunner 1943–1945

Florent Louwage 1945–1956

Agostinho Lourenço 1956–1960

Sir Richard Jackson 1960–1963

Fjalar Jarva 1963–1964

Firmin Franssen 1964–1968

Paul Dickopf 1968–1972

William Leonard Higgitt 1972–1976

Carl Persson 1976–1980

Jolly Bugarin 1980–1984

John Simpson 1984–1988

Ivan Barbot 1988–1992

Norman Inkster 1992–1994

Björn Eriksson 1994–1996

Toshinori Kanemoto 1996–2000

Jesús Espigares Mira 2000–2004

Jackie Selebi 2004–2008

Arturo Herrera Verdugo 2008 (acting)

Khoo Boon Hui 2008–2012

Mireille Ballestrazzi 2012–2016

Meng Hongwei 2016–

See also[edit]

Lyon
Lyon
portal

Cybercrime Europol, a similar EU-wide organization. Intelligence assessment International Criminal Court Interpol
Interpol
notice Interpol
Interpol
Terrorism
Terrorism
Watch List Interpol
Interpol
Travel Document InterPortPolice UN Police

Notes[edit]

^ Taiwan
Taiwan
was an Interpol
Interpol
member as the Republic of China
China
until 1984, when it was replaced by the People's Republic of China. Taiwan
Taiwan
was offered an option to continue as China's sub-bureau under name "Taiwan, China", but as this could imply that Taiwan
Taiwan
was part of the People's Republic of China, it refused and withdrew from the organization.

References[edit]

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Constitution
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Interpol
Member States: The United Kingdom". Interpol. Retrieved 17 August 2012.  ^ " Interpol
Interpol
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Mark Juergensmeyer
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Interpol
External Auditor" (PDF). Cancún: INTERPOL. 8 October 2004. Retrieved 31 March 2017.  ^ "Questions and Answers: What is Canada's financial contribution to INTERPOL?". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2017.  ^ "Financial Statements for the year ended 31 December 2011" (PDF). Interpol. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  ^ "Audit assignments and secondments". Riksrevisjonen – Office of the Auditor General of Norway. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013.  ^ United Nations
United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees (18 January 2008). "" Terrorism
Terrorism
as a Global Phenomenon", UNHCR presentation to the Joint Seminar of the Strategic Committee on Immigration, Frontiers and Asylum (SCIFA) and Committee on Article 36 (CATS)" (PDF). UNHCR. Retrieved 24 February 2016.  ^ "2010 Oslo Annual Session". oscepa.org.  ^ "Se confirma victoria europeísta en elecciones ucranianas avaladas por la OSCE" [Europeanist victory confirmed in Ukrainian elections endorsed by the OSCE] (in Spanish). OSCE PA. 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015.  ^ "Kiew hat ein neues Parlament, aber keine Aufbruchstimmung" [Kiev has a new parliament, but no lift in mood] (in German). OSCE PA. 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015.  ^ "2014 Baku Annual Session". oscepa.org.  ^ Beneyto, José María (17 December 2013). "Doc. 13370: Accountability of international organisations for human rights violations" (PDF). Council of Europe. Retrieved 31 March 2017.  ^ "Vote on Resolution: Assembly's voting results: Vote of José María BENEYTO (EPP/CD)". assembly.coe.int. 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2017.  ^ "Parliamentary Assembly". coe.int.  ^ "Synopsis of the meeting held in Yerevan, Armenia
Armenia
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Interpol
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interpol.

Official website Interpol
Interpol
Foundation for a Safer World

Articles and topics related to Interpol

v t e

International law enforcement organisations

Afripol Ameripol Aseanapol CARICC ECOPOL (ECO) Europol
Europol
(EU) Frontex
Frontex
(EU) GCC-Pol (GCC) Interpol SELEC

v t e

International organizations

Intergovernmental organizations

Non-cultural IGOs

International Criminal Court International Monetary Fund International Seabed Authority Inter-Parliamentary Union Interpol New Development Bank Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons United Nations World Bank Group World Trade Organization

Cultural IGOs

Commonwealth of Nations Community of Portuguese Language Countries Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

v t e

6th arrondissement of Lyon

Quarters

Brotteaux Cité Internationale Vitton-Thiers Foch Masséna

Streets

Boulevard des Belges Rue Duguesclin Rue Garibaldi Rue Tronchet Rue de Créqui Rue de Vendôme

Monuments

Église Saint-Pothin Gare des Brotteaux Interpol Lycée du Parc Musée d'art contemporain de Lyon Palais des congrès de Lyon

Parks

Jardin botanique de Lyon Parc de la Tête d'Or

Transports

Lyon
Lyon
Metro Line A Passerelle de la Paix Vélo'v

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 128211548 LCCN: n80090100 ISNI: 0000 0001 1939 8045 GND: 4027473-1 SUDOC: 02814807X BNF: cb120040321 (data) NLA: 35230154 NDL: 00577343 NKC: kn20010711179 BNE: XX169203

Coordinates: 45°46′56″N 4°50′54″E / 45.78219°N 4.84838°E /

.