The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE (French pronunciation: [inse]), is the French national statistics bureau. It collects and publishes information about the French economy and people, and carries out the periodic national census. Headquartered in Paris, it is the French branch of Eurostat. The INSEE was created in 1946 as a successor to the Vichy regime's National Statistics Service (SNS).
1 Purpose 2 Organisation
2.1 Teaching and research
3 Codes and numbering system 4 History
4.1 Statistics in
5 See also 6 References 7 External links
Purpose INSEE is responsible for the production and analysis of official statistics in France. Its best known responsibilities include:
Organising and publishing the national census.
Producing various indices – which are widely recognised as being of
excellent quality – including an inflation index used for
determining the rates of rents and the costs associated with
Organisation INSEE is the responsibility of MINEFI, the French Ministry of Finance. The current director is Jean-Luc Tavernier. However, Eurostat considers INSEE as an independent body, although its independence is not written in the law. Teaching and research Research and teaching for INSEE is undertaken by GENES, or Group of the National Schools of the Economy and Statistics (French: Groupe des Écoles Nationales d'Économie et Statistique) which includes:
ENSAE (L'École nationale de la statistique et de l'administration économique), a grande école which trains INSEE administrators and engineers specialized in statistics, the economy, and finance. ENSAI, (L'École nationale de la statistique et de l'analyse de l'information), an engineering school.
Codes and numbering system Main article: INSEE code INSEE gives numerical indexing codes (French: les Codes INSEE) to various entities in France:
INSEE codes (known as COG) are given to various administrative units, notably the French communes (they do not coincide with postcodes). The 'complete' code has 8 digits and 3 spaces within, but there is a popular 'simplified' code with 5 digits and no space within:
2 digits (département) and 3 digits (commune) for the 96 départements of Metropolitan France. 3 digits (département or collectivity) and 2 digits (commune) for the Overseas departments, Overseas Territorial Collectivities and Overseas Countries and Territories. See also: fr:Code INSEE#Code communal.
INSEE numbers (13 digits + a two-digit key) are national identification numbers given to people. The format is as follows: syymmlllllooo kk, where
s is 1 for a male, 2 for a female for a permanent number; it is 7 for a male, 8 for a female for a temporary number, yy are the last two digits of the year of birth, mm is the month of birth or a number above 20 if the birthdate is unknown lllll is the COG for the location of birth, ooo is an order number to distinguish people being born at the same place in the same year and month. 'kk' is the "control key", equal to 97-(the rest of the number modulo 97). There are exceptions for people in particular situations.
SIREN codes are given to businesses and nonprofit associations, SIRET codes to their establishments and facilities.
1946–1961: Francis-Louis Closon 1961–1967: Claude Gruson 1967–1974: Jean Ripert 1974–1987: Edmond Malinvaud 1987–1992: Jean-Claude Milleron 1992–2003: Paul Champsaur 2003–2007: Jean-Michel Charpin 2007–2012: Jean-Philippe Cotis 2012–0000: Jean-Luc Tavernier
Observatoire National de la Pauvreté et de l'Exclusion Sociale VAT
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 481145552938796660002 ISNI: 0000 0001 2175 8468 GND: 35997-X SUDOC: 028398890 BNF: cb11864528n (data) NLA: 36244567 NKC: kn2010021