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Hudson County, a county in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New Jersey, lies west of the lower Hudson River, which was named for Henry Hudson, the sea captain who explored the area in 1609.[4] Part of New Jersey's Gateway Region in the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City
Jersey City
is its largest city and county seat.[1] As of the 2017 Census estimate, Hudson County was the fastest-growing county in New Jersey
New Jersey
compared to 2010; the county's population was 691,643, making it the state's 4th-most populous county,[3][5][6] an increase of 9.0% from the 2010 United States
United States
Census, when its population was enumerated at 634,266,[2] in turn an increase of 25,291 (+4.2%) from the 608,975 enumerated in the 2000 Census.[7] Hudson County is the fourth-most populous county in the state.[8][9] Hudson County is the geographically smallest and most densely populated county in New Jersey
New Jersey
and the sixth-most densely populated county in the United States, with 13,731.4 residents per square mile of total area in 2010,[10] and 14,973.9 per square mile in 2017.

Contents

1 Geography and topography

1.1 Municipalities 1.2 Landforms and borders

2 History

2.1 The Lenape
Lenape
and New Netherland 2.2 The British and early America 2.3 Boundaries 2.4 Urbanization and immigration 2.5 World Wars and New Deal 2.6 Post-war years 2.7 Pre/post-millennium

3 Demographics

3.1 Census 2010 3.2 Census 2000 3.3 Community diversity

3.3.1 Latin American

3.3.1.1 Puerto Rican American 3.3.1.2 Cuban American

3.3.2 European American

3.3.2.1 Italian American 3.3.2.2 Western European American 3.3.2.3 Irish American

3.3.3 Asian American

3.3.3.1 Indian American 3.3.3.2 Filipino American 3.3.3.3 Chinese American

3.3.4 African American 3.3.5 Arab American 3.3.6 Muslim American 3.3.7 Jewish American 3.3.8 Same-sex couples

4 Government and administration 5 Politics 6 Education 7 Transportation

7.1 Hubs 7.2 Rail 7.3 Bus 7.4 Water 7.5 Roads and highways 7.6 Air

8 Parks, promenades, and open spaces 9 Business 10 Landmarks and historic places 11 Museums, galleries, exhibitions 12 Climate and weather 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Geography and topography[edit] Municipalities[edit]

Hudson County municipalities index map

There are 12 municipalities in Hudson County, listed with area in square miles and 2010 Census data for population and housing.[11] North Hudson and West Hudson each comprise municipalities in their distinct areas.

Municipality Map key Municipal type Population (2010) Housing units Total area Water area Land area Pop. density Housing density

Bayonne 1 city 63,024 27,799 11.08 5.28 5.80 10,858.3 4,789.4

East Newark 10 borough 2,406 794 0.12 0.02 0.10 23,532.1 7,765.8

Guttenberg 6 town 11,176 4,839 0.24 0.05 0.20 57,116.0 24,730.2

Harrison 9 town 13,620 5,228 1.32 0.12 1.20 11,319.3 4,344.9

Hoboken 3 city 50,005 26,855 2.01 0.74 1.28 39,212.0 21,058.7

Jersey City 2 city 247,597 108,720 21.08 6.29 14.79 16,736.6 7,349.1

Kearny 8 town 40,684 14,180 10.19 1.42 8.77 4,636.5 1,616.0

North Bergen 11 township 60,773 23,912 5.57 0.44 5.13 11,838.0 4,657.8

Secaucus 7 town 16,264 6,846 6.60 0.78 5.82 2,793.7 1,175.9

Union City 4 city 66,455 24,931 1.28 0.00 1.28 51,810.1 19,436.9

Weehawken 12 township 12,554 6,213 1.48 0.68 0.80 15,764.6 7,801.9

West New York 5 town 49,708 20,018 1.33 0.32 1.01 49,341.7 19,870.5

Hudson County

county 634,266 270,335 62.31 16.12 46.19 13,731.4 5,852.5

Landforms and borders[edit]

Satellite image showing the core of the New York metropolitan area. Over 10 million people live in the imaged area. Much of Hudson County is located on the peninsula at left.

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 62.31 square miles (161.4 km2), including 46.19 square miles (119.6 km2) of land (74.1%) and 16.12 square miles (41.8 km2) of water (25.9%).[12] Based on land area, it is the smallest of New Jersey's 21 counties, less than half the size of the next smallest (Union County)[12] and the eighth-smallest of all counties in the United States.[13] Hudson is located in the heart of New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
in northeastern New Jersey. It is bordered by the Hudson River
Hudson River
and Upper New York Bay to the east; Kill Van Kull
Kill Van Kull
to the south; Newark Bay
Newark Bay
and the Hackensack River
Hackensack River
or the Passaic River
Passaic River
to the west; its only land border is shared with Bergen County
Bergen County
to the north and west.[14]

Midtown Manhattan, seen across the Hudson River
Hudson River
from Hoboken at night

The topography is marked by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Palisades in the north with cliffs overlooking the Hudson to the east and less severe cuesta, or slope, to the west. They gradually level off to the southern peninsula, which is coastal and flat. The western region, around the Hackensack and Passaic is part of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Meadowlands. Much of the land along the county's extensive shoreline and littoral zone was created by land reclamation.[15] The highest point, at 260 feet (79 m) above sea level, is in West New York;[16][17] the lowest point is at sea level. North Bergen is the city with the second most hills per square mile in the United States behind San Francisco.[18] Ellis Island
Ellis Island
and Liberty Island, opposite Liberty State Park, lie entirely within Hudson County's waters, which extend to the New York state line. Liberty Island
Liberty Island
is wholly part of New York. Largely created through land reclamation, Ellis Island
Ellis Island
covers a land area of 27.5 acres (11.1 ha), with the 2.74-acre (1.11 ha) natural island and contiguous areas comprising an 3.3 acres (1.3 ha) exclave of New York.[19][19][20] Shooters Island, in the Kill van Kull, is also shared with New York. Robbins Reef Light
Robbins Reef Light
sits atop a reef which runs parallel the Bayonne and Jersey City
Jersey City
waterfront.

Hudson County and the Palisades, viewed across the Hudson River
Hudson River
from Manhattan
Manhattan
in the afternoon

Much of the county lies between the Hackensack and Hudson Rivers on geographically long narrow peninsula, (sometimes called Bergen Neck), that is a contiguous urban area where it's often difficult to know when one's crossed a civic boundary. These boundaries and the topography-including many hills and inlets-create very distinct neighborhoods. Kennedy Boulevard runs the entire length of the peninsula.[21] Numerous cuts for rail and vehicular traffic cross Bergen Hill. Counties adjacent to Hudson are New York County, New York and Kings County, New York to the east; Essex County and Union County to west; Richmond County, New York to the south; and Bergen County, the only one with which it shares a land border, to the north and west. Given its proximity to Manhattan, it is sometimes referred to as New York City's sixth borough.[22][23][24]

Places adjacent to Hudson County, New Jersey

Bergen County

Essex County (Newark) and Union County (Elizabeth) and Bergen County ( New Jersey
New Jersey
Meadowlands District)

Hudson County, New Jersey

New York County, New York (Manhattan) and Kings County, New York (Brooklyn)

Richmond County, New York (Staten Island)

History[edit] The Lenape
Lenape
and New Netherland[edit]

A map of the Hudson River
Hudson River
Valley c. 1635 (North is to the right) Hudson County is called Oesters Eylandt, or Oyster Island

New Netherland
New Netherland
series

Exploration

Fortifications:

Fort Amsterdam Fort Nassau (North) Fort Orange Fort Nassau (South) Fort Goede Hoop De Wal Fort Casimir Fort Altena Fort Wilhelmus Fort Beversreede Fort Nya Korsholm De Rondout

Settlements:

Noten Eylandt Nieuw Amsterdam Rensselaerswijck Nieuw Haarlem Beverwijck Wiltwijk Bergen Pavonia Vriessendael Achter Col Vlissingen Oude Dorpe Colen Donck Greenwich Heemstede Rustdorp Gravesende Breuckelen Nieuw Amersfoort Midwout Nieuw Utrecht Boswijk Swaanendael Nieuw Amstel Nieuw Dorp

The Patroon System

Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions

Cornelius Jacobsen May (1620–25) Willem Verhulst (1625–26) Peter Minuit
Peter Minuit
(1626–32) Sebastiaen Jansen Krol (1632–33) Wouter van Twiller
Wouter van Twiller
(1633–38) Willem Kieft
Willem Kieft
(1638–47) Peter Stuyvesant
Peter Stuyvesant
(1647–64)

People of New Netherland

New Netherlander Twelve Men Eight Men Nine Men

Flushing Remonstrance

v t e

Main article: Bergen, New Netherland At the time of European contact in the 17th century, Hudson County was the territory of the Lenape
Lenape
(or Lenni-Lenape), namely the bands (or family groups) known as the Hackensack, the Tappan, the Raritan, and the Manhattan. They were a seasonally migrational people who practiced small-scale agriculture (companion planting) augmented by hunting and gathering which likely, given the topography of the area, included much (shell)fishing and trapping. These groups had early and frequent trading contact with Europeans. Their Algonquian language can still be inferred in many local place names such as Communipaw, Harsimus, Hackensack, Hoboken, Weehawken, Secaucus, and Pamrapo Henry Hudson, for whom the county and river on which it sits are named, established a claim for the area in 1609 when anchoring his ship the Halve Maen
Halve Maen
(Half Moon) at Harsimus
Harsimus
Cove and Weehawken Cove.[25] The west bank of the North River (as it was called) and the cliffs, hills, and marshlands abutting and beyond it, were settled by Europeans (Dutch, Flemish, Walloon, Huguenot) from the Lowlands around the same time as New Amsterdam. In 1630, Michael Pauw
Michael Pauw
received a land patent, or patroonship and purchased the land between the Hudson and Hackensack Rivers, giving it the Latin-ized form of his name, Pavonia.[26] He failed to settle the area and was forced to return his holdings to the Dutch West India
India
Company. Homesteads were established at Communipaw
Communipaw
(1633), Harsimus
Harsimus
(1634), Paulus Hook
Paulus Hook
(1638) and Hoebuck (1643). Relations were tenuous with the Lenape, and eventually led to Kieft's War, which began as a slaughter by the Dutch at Communipaw
Communipaw
and is considered to be one of the first genocides of Native Americans by Europeans. A series of raids and reprisals across the province lasted two years, and ended in an uneasy truce. Other homesteads were established at Constable Hook
Constable Hook
(1646), Awiehaken (1647), and other lands at Achter Col
Achter Col
on Bergen Neck. In 1658, Director-General Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherland
New Netherland
negotiated a deal with the Lenape
Lenape
to re-purchase the area named Bergen, "by the great rock above Wiehacken," including the whole peninsula from Sikakes south to Bergen Point/Constable Hook.[27] In 1661, a charter was granted the new village/garrison at the site of present-day Bergen Square, establishing what is considered to be the oldest self-governing municipality in New Jersey. The British gained control of the area in 1664, and the Dutch finally ceded formal control of province to the English in 1674. The British and early America[edit]

Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
fights his fatal duel with Aaron Burr.

By 1675, the Treaty of Westminster finalized the transfer and the area became part of the British colony of East Jersey, in the administrative district of Bergen Township. The county's seat was transferred to Hackensack in 1709, after Bergen County
Bergen County
was expanded west. Small villages and farms supplied the burgeoning city of New York, across the river, notably with oysters from the vast beds in the Upper New York Bay, and fresh produce, sold at Weehawken
Weehawken
Street, in Manhattan. During the American Revolutionary War the area was under British control which included garrisons at Bulls Ferry
Bulls Ferry
and the fort at Bergen Neck. Colonialist troops used the heights to observe enemy movements. The Battle of Paulus Hook, a surprise raid on a British fortification in 1779, was seen as a victory and morale booster for revolutionary forces. Many downtown Jersey City
Jersey City
streets bear the name of military figures Mercer, Greene, Wayne, and Varick among them. Weehawken
Weehawken
became notorious for duels, including the nation's most famous between Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
and Aaron Burr
Aaron Burr
in 1804. Border conflicts for control of the waterfront with New York (which claimed jurisdiction to the high water line [28] and the granting of ferry concessions) restricted development though some urbanization took place in at Paulus Hook
Paulus Hook
and Hoboken, which became a vacation spot for well-off New Yorkers. The Morris Canal, early steam railroads, and the development of the harbor stimulated further growth. In September 1840, Hudson County was created by separation from Bergen County
Bergen County
and annexation of some Essex County lands, namely New Barbadoes Neck. During the 19th century, Hudson played an integral role in the Underground Railroad, with four routes converging in Jersey City.[29] Boundaries[edit] Most of Hudson County, apart from West Hudson, was part of Bergen Township, which dates back to 1661 and was formally created by an act of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of the first group of 104 townships formed in New Jersey, while the area was still a part of Bergen County.[30] As originally constituted, Bergen Township included the area between the Hudson River
Hudson River
on the east, the Hackensack River
Hackensack River
to the west, south to Constable Hook/ Bergen Point
Bergen Point
and north to the present-day Hudson-Bergen border. For the next 127 years civic borders within the county took many forms, until they were finalized with the creation of Union City in 1925. The City of Jersey was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 28, 1820, from portions of Bergen Township. The city was reincorporated on January 23, 1829, and again on February 22, 1838, at which time it became completely independent of Bergen Township and was given its present name. On February 22, 1840, it became part of the newly created Hudson County.[30] As Jersey City grew, several neighboring communities were annexed: Van Vorst Township (March 18, 1851), Bergen City and Hudson City (both on May 2, 1870), and Greenville Township (February 4, 1873).[30] North Bergen was incorporated as a township on April 10, 1843, by an act of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature, from Bergen Township. Portions of the township have been taken to form Hoboken Township (April 9, 1849, now the City of Hoboken), Hudson Town (April 12, 1852, later part of Hudson City), Hudson City (April 11, 1855, later annexed by Jersey City), Guttenberg (formed within the township on March 9, 1859, and set off as an independent municipality on April 1, 1878), Weehawken (March 15, 1859), Union Township and West Hoboken Township (both created on February 28, 1861), Union Hill town (March 29, 1864) and Secaucus
Secaucus
(March 12, 1900).[30] Hoboken was established in 1804, and formed as a township on April 9, 1849, from portions of North Bergen Township and incorporated as a full-fledged city, and in a referendum held on March 29, 1855, ratified an Act of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature signed the previous day, and the City of Hoboken was born.[30][31] Weehawken
Weehawken
was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 15, 1859, from portions of Hoboken and North Bergen. A portion of the township was ceded to Hoboken in 1874. Additional territory was annexed in 1879 from West Hoboken.[30] West New York
West New York
was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on July 8, 1898, replacing Union Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier.[30] Kearny was originally formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1867, from portions of Harrison Township. Portions of the township were taken on July 3, 1895, to form East Newark. Kearny was incorporated as a town on January 19, 1899, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.[30] Bayonne was originally formed as a township on April 1, 1861, from portions of Bergen Township. Bayonne was reincorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Legislature on March 10, 1869, replacing Bayonne Township, subject to the results of a referendum held nine days later.[30] Soon after the Civil War the idea of uniting all of the town of Hudson County in one municipality of Jersey City
Jersey City
began to gain favor. In 1868 a bill for submitting the question of consolidation of all of Hudson County to the voters was presented to the board of chosen freeholders. The bill did not include the western towns of Harrison and Kearny but included all towns east of the Hackensack River.[32] The bill was approved by the State legislature on April 2, 1869 and the special election was scheduled for October 5, 1869. An element of the bill provided that only contiguous towns could be consolidated. The results of the election were as follows:

Municipality Votes For % For Votes Against % Against

Bayonne 100 28.57% 250 71.43%

Bergen 815 88.30% 108 11.70%

Greenville 24 12.12% 174 87.88%

Hoboken 176 16.46% 893 83.54%

Hudson City 1,320 85.71% 220 14.29%

Jersey City 2,220 70.90% 911 29.10%

North Bergen 80 26.23% 225 73.77%

Union 123 53.95% 105 46.05%

Union Township 140 68.29% 65 31.71%

Weehawken 0 00.00% 44 100.00%

West Hoboken 95 27.07% 256 72.93%

Total 5,093 61.04% 3,251 38.96%

While a majority of the voters approved the merger, only Jersey City, Hudson and Bergen could be consolidated since they were the only contiguous approving towns. Both the Town of Union and Union Township could not be included due to the dissenting vote of West Hoboken which lay between them and Hudson City. On March 17, 1870, Jersey City, Hudson City and Bergen merged into Jersey City. Only three years later the present outline of Jersey City
Jersey City
was completed when Greenville agreed to merge into the Greater Jersey City. Union City was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 1, 1925, replacing both Union Hill and West Hoboken Township.[30] Urbanization and immigration[edit]

Hudson Waterfront, circa 1900

During the latter half of the 19th and early part of the 20th centuries, Hudson experienced intense industrial, commercial and residential growth.[26][33] Construction, first of ports, and later railroad terminals, in Jersey City, Bayonne, Hoboken, and Weehawken (which significantly altered the shoreline with landfill) fueled much of the development. European immigration, notably German-language speakers and Irish (many fleeing famine) initiated a population boom that would last for several decades. Neighborhoods grew as farms, estates, and other holdings were sub-divided for housing, civic and religious architecture. Streets (some with trolley lines) were laid out. Stevens Institute of Technology and Saint Peter's University
Saint Peter's University
were established. Before the opening, in 1910, of the Pennsylvania Railroad's North River Tunnels under the Hudson, trains terminated on the west bank of the river, requiring passengers and cargo to travel by ferry or barge to New York. Transfer to the Hudson and Manhattan
Manhattan
Railroad tubes (now PATH) became possible upon its opening in 1908. Hoboken Terminal, a national historic landmark originally built in 1907 by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad to replace the previous one, is the only one of five major rail/ferry terminals that once dotted the waterfront still in operation. West Shore Railroad
West Shore Railroad
Terminal in Weehawken, Erie Railroad's Pavonia Terminal
Pavonia Terminal
and Pennsylvania Railroad's Exchange Place in Jersey City
Jersey City
were all razed.

Immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, 1902

Central Railroad of New Jersey's Communipaw
Communipaw
Terminal, across a small strait from Ellis Island
Ellis Island
and The Statue of Liberty, played a crucial role in the massive immigration of the period, with many newly arrived departing the station to embark on their lives in America. Many, though, decided to stay, taking jobs on the docks, the railroads, the factories, the refineries, and in the sweatshops and skyscrapers of Manhattan. Many manufacturers, whose names read as a "who's who" in American industry established a presence, including Colgate, Dixon Ticonderoga, Maxwell House, Standard Oil, and Bethlehem Steel.

Bergenline Avenue
Bergenline Avenue
then and now: Facing south toward 32nd Street, circa 1900 (left), and in 2010 (right).

North Hudson, particularly Union City became the "embroidery capital of America". Secaucus
Secaucus
boasted numerous pig farms and rendering plants. It was during this period that much of the housing stock, namely one and two family homes and low-rise apartment buildings, was built; municipal boundaries finalized, neighborhoods established. Commercial corridors such as Bergenline, Central, Newark and Ocean Avenues came into prominence. Journal Square
Journal Square
became a business, shopping, and entertainment mecca, home to The Jersey Journal, after which it is named, and movie palaces such as Loew's Jersey Theater
Loew's Jersey Theater
and The Stanley.

World Wars and New Deal[edit]

Bayonne Bridge
Bayonne Bridge
at sunset

New Jersey-New York border in the newly constructed Holland Tunnel.

Roosevelt Stadium entrance circa 1940

Upon entry to World War I, the U.S. government took over control of the Hamburg-American Line
Hamburg-American Line
piers in Hoboken under eminent domain, and Hudson became the major point of embarkation for more than three million soldiers, known as "doughboys". In 1916, an act of sabotage literally and figuratively shook the region when German agents set off bombs at the munitions depot in New York Bay at Black Tom. The fore-runner of Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
was established on April 30, 1921. Huge transportation projects opened between the wars: The Holland Tunnel
Holland Tunnel
in 1927, The Bayonne Bridge
Bayonne Bridge
in 1931, and The Lincoln Tunnel
Lincoln Tunnel
in 1937, allowing vehicular travel between New Jersey
New Jersey
and New York City
New York City
to bypass the waterfront. Hackensack River
Hackensack River
crossings, notably the Pulaski Skyway, were also built. What was to become New Jersey
New Jersey
City University opened. Major Works Progress Administration
Works Progress Administration
projects included construction of stadiums in Jersey City
Jersey City
and Union City. Both were named for President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who attended the opening of the largest project of them all, The Jersey City
Jersey City
Medical Center, a massive complex built in the Art Deco
Art Deco
Style. During this era the "Hudson County Democratic Machine", known for its cronyism and corruption, with Jersey City mayor Frank Hague
Frank Hague
at its head was at its most powerful. Industries in Hudson were crucial to the war effort during WWII, including the manufacture PT boats
PT boats
by Elco in Bayonne. Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne (MOTBY) was opened in 1942 as a U.S. military base and remained in operation until 1999. Post-war years[edit] After the war maritime and manufacturing industries still dominated the local economy, and union membership provided guarantees of good pay packages. Though some returning servicemen took advantage of GI housing bills and moved to close-by suburbs, many with strong ethnic and familial ties chose to stay. Baseball legend Jackie Robinson
Jackie Robinson
made his minor league debut at Roosevelt Stadium and "broke" the baseball color line. Much of Hudson County experienced the phenomenon of ethnic/economic groups leaving and being replaced by others, as was typical of most urban communities of the New York Bay region. When the big businesses decided to follow them or vice versa, Hudson County's socioeconomic differences became more profound. Old economic underpinnings disintegrated. Attempts were made to stabilize the population by demolishing so-called slums and build subsidized middle-income housing and the pockets of so-called "good neighborhoods" came in conflict with those that went into decline. Lower property values allowed the next wave of immigrants, many from Latin America, to rent or buy in the county. North Hudson, particularly Union City, saw many émigrés fleeing the Cuban revolution take up residence. Riots occurred in Jersey City
Jersey City
in 1964. Pre/post-millennium[edit]

Exchange Place as seen from Liberty State Park, in Jersey City. At 781 feet (238 m), the Goldman Sachs Tower is New Jersey's tallest building.[34]

The county since the mid-1990s has seen much real estate speculation and development and a population increase, as many new residents purchase existing housing stock as well as condominiums in high and mid rise developments, many along the waterfront. What had started as a gentrification in the 1980s became a full-blown "redevelopment" of the area as many suburbanites, transplanted Americans, internationals, and immigrants (most focused on opportunities in NY/NJ region and proximity to Manhattan) began to make the "Jersey" side of the Hudson their home, and the "real-estate boom" of the era encouraged many to seek investment opportunities. The exploitation of certain parts of the waterfront and other brownfields led to commercial development as well, especially along former rail yards. Hudson felt the short- and long-term impact of the destruction of the World Trade Center intensely: its proximity to lower Manhattan
Manhattan
made it a place to evacuate to, many residents who worked there lost their jobs (or their lives), and many companies sought office space across the river. Re-zoning, the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail, and New Jersey
New Jersey
State land-use policy of transit villages have further spurred construction. Though very urban and with some of the highest residential densities in the United States
United States
the Hudson communities have remain fragmented, due in part to New Jersey's long history of home rule in local government; geographical factors such as Hudson River
Hudson River
inlets/canals, the cliffs of the New Jersey
New Jersey
Palisades and rail lines; and ethnic/demographic differences in the population. As the county sees more development this traditional perception is challenged. Demographics[edit]

India
India
Square, Jersey City, known as Little Bombay,[35] home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere.[36]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1840 9,483

1850 21,822

130.1%

1860 62,717

187.4%

1870 129,067

105.8%

1880 187,944

45.6%

1890 275,126

46.4%

1900 386,048

40.3%

1910 537,231

39.2%

1920 629,154

17.1%

1930 690,730

9.8%

1940 652,040

−5.6%

1950 647,437

−0.7%

1960 610,734

−5.7%

1970 607,839

−0.5%

1980 556,972

−8.4%

1990 553,099

−0.7%

2000 608,975

10.1%

2010 634,266

4.2%

Est. 2017 691,643 [3] 9.0%

Historical sources: 1790-1990[37] 1970-2010[9] 2000[7] 2010[2][38]

Hudson County is the most densely populated county in New Jersey
New Jersey
and one of the most densely populated counties in the United States, at 14,974 residents per square mile (5,781/km²). The only city in Hudson County among the 100 most populous cities in the United States
United States
was Jersey City, which was ranked 77th in the United States
United States
Census Bureau's rankings based on the 2016 population estimate.[39] Of municipalities with over 50,000 people, Union City is the most densely populated in the United States, while several Hudson County municipalities are among the most densely populated in the United States as well as worldwide.[40] North Hudson has the second-largest Cuban American
Cuban American
population in the United States
United States
behind Miami.[40] Jersey City
Jersey City
is the 21st-most ethnically diverse city in the United States
United States
and the most ethnically diverse on the East Coast of the United States.[41] Hudson has three communities on the list of the 100 cities (population 5,000 and up) with the highest percent of foreign-born residents: West New York
West New York
(65.2%), Union City (58.7%), and Guttenberg (48.7%)[42] Hudson County has the smallest proportion of persons over age 65 in New Jersey.[43] Advocates for the homeless counted 2,227 people without homes in Hudson County as of January 2008.[44] In 2009, the Hudson County Alliance to End Homelessness counted 1,779 homeless people.[45] The same number was counted in 2010. Three homeless shelters are located in the county: Lucy's Shelter in Jersey City, Palisades Emergency Residence Corp. in Union City and the Hoboken Homeless Shelter in Hoboken.[46] Census 2010[edit] As of the 2010 United States
United States
Census, there were 634,266 people, 246,437 households, and 148,355 families residing in the county. The population density was 13,731.4 per square mile (5,301.7/km2). There were 270,335 housing units at an average density of 5,852.5 per square mile (2,259.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 54.05% (342,792) White, 13.23% (83,925) Black or African American, 0.64% (4,081) Native American, 13.39% (84,924) Asian, 0.05% (344) Pacific Islander, 14.25% (90,373) from other races, and 4.39% (27,827) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 42.23% (267,853) of the population.[2] There were 246,437 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.2.[2] In the county, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 10% from 18 to 24, 36% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 95.9 males.[2] Census 2000[edit] As of the 2000 United States
United States
Census, the population was 608,975. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. There were 230,546 households and 143,630 families residing in the county. The population density was 13,044 people per square mile (5,036/km²). It is the sixth-most densely populated county in the United States, trailing only four of New York City's boroughs (all except Staten Island) and San Francisco County, California.[47][48] There were 240,618 housing units at an average density of 5,154 per square mile (1,990/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.58% White, 13.48% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 9.35% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.48% from other races, and 5.63% from two or more races. 39.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[7][49] According to Census 2000, 10.0% were of Italian and 6.7% Irish ancestry, according to Census 2000.[49][50] There were 230,546 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.27.[7] In the county, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.[7] The median income for a household in the county was $40,293, and the median income for a family was $44,053. Males had a median income of $36,174 versus $31,037 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,154. About 13.3% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.[49][51] Community diversity[edit] Hudson County is a major port of entry for immigration to the United States and a major employment center at the approximate core of the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region; and given its proximity to Manhattan, Hudson County has evolved a globally cosmopolitan ambience of its own, demonstrating a robust and growing demographic and cultural diversity with respect to metrics including nationality, religion, race, and domiciliary partnership. Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Philippines, and India
India
are the five most common nations of birth for foreign-born Hudson County residents.[52] Jersey City
Jersey City
is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the world.[53][54] Latin American[edit] There were an estimated 273,611 Hispanic Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 2.1% increase from 267,853 Hispanic Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[56] Several municipalities in northern Hudson County are listed among those places in the United States
United States
with the highest population densities, with several towns more dense overall than adjacent New York City. Numerous towns on the Hudson Palisades
Hudson Palisades
in northern Hudson County have populations where more than 50% of the residents are foreign-born, often with a Hispanic majority.[57] Puerto Rican American[edit] Main article: Puerto Rican migration to New York City There were an estimated 58,197 Puerto Rican Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 3.1% increase from 56,436 Puerto Rican Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[56] Cuban American[edit] Main article: Havana on the Hudson There were an estimated 28,900 Cuban Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 0.9% increase from 28,652 Cuban Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[56] The Cuban Day Parade of New Jersey, since its inception at the millennium, has run along Bergenline Avenue
Bergenline Avenue
and grown to be the centerpiece of large festivities which have taken place at Scheutzen Park or Celia Cruz Park.[58][59] European American[edit] There were an estimated 194,192 non-Hispanic whites in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 0.7% decrease from 195,501 non-Hispanic whites enumerated in the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[56] Italian American[edit] Main article: Italian Americans in New York City Italian Americans have historically played an important cultural role in Hudson County. Western European American[edit] Ever since the settling of New Netherland
New Netherland
in the 1600s, comprising what is now the Gateway Region
Gateway Region
of northeastern New Jersey
New Jersey
as well as portions of Downstate New York
Downstate New York
in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan area, the Dutch and British, along with German and Irish Americans, have established an integral role in the subsequent long-term development of Hudson County over the centuries. Irish American[edit] Main article: Irish Americans in New York City Irish Americans, specifically Irish Catholics
Irish Catholics
played a significant role in the politics of Jersey City. Many of the city's mayors were of Irish descent. The Greenville, Jersey City
Greenville, Jersey City
neighborhood was the center of the city's Irish community until the 1950s and early 1960s.[citation needed] Asian American[edit] There were an estimated 89,164 Asian Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 5.0% increase from 84,924 Asian Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[56] Indian American[edit] Main articles: India Square
India Square
and Indians in the New York City metropolitan region India
India
Square, also known as "Little India" or "Little Bombay",[60] home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere,[61] is a rapidly growing Indian American
Indian American
ethnic enclave in Jersey City. This area has been home to the largest outdoor Navratri festivities in New Jersey
New Jersey
as well as several Hindu temples;[62] while an annual, color-filled spring Holi
Holi
festival has taken place in Jersey City since 1992, centered upon India Square
India Square
and attracting significant participation and international media attention.[63][64] There were an estimated 39,477 Indian Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 6.0% increase from 37,236 Indian Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States Census.[56] Filipino American[edit] Main articles: Filipinos in New Jersey
New Jersey
and Filipinos in the New York City metropolitan region Seven per cent (7%) of Jersey City's population is Filipino.[65] The Five Corners district is home to a thriving Filipino community and Jersey City's Little Manila, which is the second largest Asian American subgroup in the city. A variety of Filipino restaurants, shippers and freighters, doctors' officers, bakeries, stores, and an office of The Filipino Channel
The Filipino Channel
have made Newark Avenue their home. The largest Filipino-owned grocery store on the East Coast of the United States, Phil-Am Food, has been there since 1973. An array of Filipino-owned businesses can also be found at the section of West Side of Jersey City, where many of its residents are of Filipino descent. In 2006, a Red Ribbon pastry shop, one of the Philippines' most famous food chains, opened its first branch on the East Coast in the Garden State.[2] Manila Avenue in Downtown Jersey City
Downtown Jersey City
was named for the Philippine capital city because of the many Filipinos who built their homes on this street during the 1970s. A memorial, dedicated to the Filipino American
Filipino American
veterans of the Vietnam War, was built in a small square on Manila Avenue. A park and statue dedicated to Jose P. Rizal, a national hero of the Philippines, exists in downtown Jersey City.[66] Jersey City
Jersey City
is the host of the annual Philippine-American Friendship Day
Philippine-American Friendship Day
Parade, an event that occurs yearly in June, on its last Sunday. The City Hall of Jersey City
Jersey City
raises the Philippine flag in correlation to this event and as a tribute to the contributions of the Filipino community. The Santakrusan Procession along Manila Avenue has taken place since 1977.[67] There were an estimated 21,622 Filipino Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 4.8% increase from 20,638 Filipino Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States Census.[56] Chinese American[edit] Hudson County, highly accessible to Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City and its Chinatown by rapid transit, was home to an estimated 13,381 Chinese Americans, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a notably rapid growth of 19.1% from the 11,239 Chinese Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States Census.[56] African American[edit] There were an estimated 83,576 African Americans in Hudson County, according to the 2013 American Community Survey,[55] representing a 0.4% decrease from 83,925 African Americans enumerated in the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[56] However, modest growth in the African immigrant population, most notably the growing Nigerian American population in Jersey City, is partially offsetting the decline in Hudson County's American-born black population, which as a whole has been experiencing an exodus from northern New Jersey
New Jersey
to the Southern United States.[68] Arab American[edit] Arab Americans numbered an estimated 14,518 individuals in Hudson County as per the 2012 American Community Survey, representing 2.3% of the county's total population,[69] the second highest percentage in New Jersey
New Jersey
after Passaic County.[70] Arab Americans are most concentrated in Jersey City
Jersey City
and Bayonne, led by Egyptian Americans, including the largest population of Coptic Christians in the United States.[53][54] Muslim American[edit] Hudson County's growing Muslim American
Muslim American
population includes a significant Latino contingent comprising adherents converting from other religious affiliations.[71] Jewish American[edit] A growing Jewish American
Jewish American
population has been noted in Hudson County, particularly in Jersey City. A significant Jewish presence has also been established in Bayonne.[72] Same-sex couples[edit] Main article: Same-sex marriage in New Jersey There were 2,726 same-sex couples in Hudson County in 2010, second in New Jersey
New Jersey
only to Essex County,[73] prior to the commencement of same-sex marriages in New Jersey
New Jersey
on October 21, 2013.[74] Government and administration[edit]

Justice William J. Brennan Jr. Courthouse

Hudson County is governed by the Hudson County Executive
Hudson County Executive
and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders as a legislative body, who administer all county business. Hudson joins Atlantic, Bergen, Essex and Mercer counties as one of the 5 of 21 New Jersey
New Jersey
counties with an elected executive.[75] The County Executive is elected directly by the voters. The members of the Board of chosen freeholders are elected concurrently to serve three-year terms as Freeholder, each representing a specified district which are equally proportioned based on population. Each year, in January, the Freeholders select one of their nine to serve as Chair and one as Vice Chair for a period of one year. In 2016, freeholders were paid $43,714, the freeholder vice chairman received $45,754 and the freeholder chairman was paid an annual salary of $46,774; the freeholder salaries in the county were the highest in the state.[76] That year, the county executive was paid $151,299.[77] As of 2018[update], Hudson County's County Executive is Democrat Thomas A. DeGise, whose term of office expires December 31, 2019.[78] Hudson County's Freeholders (all serving concurrent terms that end on December 31, 2018) are:[79][80][81][82][83]

District 1:[84] Kenneth Kopacz (Bayonne and parts of Jersey City)[85] District 3:[86] Jerry Walker (southeastern parts of Jersey City)[87] District 4:[88] Joel Torres (northern parts of Jersey City)[89] District 7:[90] Caridad Rodriguez, Chair Pro-Tempore (West New York, Weehawken, Guttenberg)[91] District 8:[92] Anthony P. Vainieri Jr., Chair (North Bergen and northern parts of Secaucus)[93]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey
New Jersey
State Constitution, each county in New Jersey
New Jersey
is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[94] Hudson County's constitutional officers are:[82]

County Clerk E. Junior Maldonado (D, 2022; Jersey City)[95][96] Sheriff Frank X. Schillari (D, 2019)[97][98] Surrogate Joseph J. Ryglicki (D, 2019)[99][100]

The Hudson County Prosecutor
Prosecutor
is Esther Suarez, who was nominated to the position by Governor of New Jersey
New Jersey
Chris Christie
Chris Christie
in June 2015.[101][102] The county seat of Hudson County is located near Five Corners on Newark Avenue in Jersey City, northeast of Journal Square. The Hudson County Courthouse, and the adjacent Hudson County Administration Building, at 595 Newark Avenue, are home to various courts, agencies and departments. Hudson County constitutes Vicinage 6 of the New Jersey Superior Court and is seated at the Administration Building, with additional facilities at the Hudson County Courthouse; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 6 is the Honorable Peter F. Bariso Jr.[103] The Hudson County court system consists of several municipal courts, including the busy Jersey City
Jersey City
Court in addition to the Superior Court. Many county offices and Hudson County Sheriff's patrol headquarters are located at Hudson County Plaza at 257 Cornelison Avenue in Jersey City.[104][105][106] The Hudson County Correctional Facility is located in South Kearny. The Hudson County Meadowview Psychiatric Hospital is on County Avenue, Secaucus. Three Congressional Districts cover the county, including portions of the 8th, 9th and 10th districts.[107][108] New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires
Albio Sires
(D, West New York).[109] New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell
Bill Pascrell
(D, Paterson).[110] New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr.
Donald Payne Jr.
(D, Newark).[111] The county is part of the 31st, 32nd and 33rd Districts in the New Jersey Legislature.[112] At 6.4 square miles (17 km2), the 33rd Legislative District has the smallest land area for a Legislative District.[43] Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[113]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 22.2% 49,043 74.3% 163,917 3.4% 7,582

2012 21.4% 42,369 77.5% 153,108 1.1% 2,217

2008 26.2% 55,360 72.8% 154,140 1.0% 2,116

2004 32.0% 60,646 67.2% 127,447 0.8% 1,461

2000 26.2% 43,804 70.6% 118,206 3.2% 5,351

1996 23.1% 38,288 70.0% 116,121 7.0% 11,600

1992 35.9% 66,505 53.9% 99,799 10.1% 18,753

1988 45.7% 84,334 53.4% 98,507 0.9% 1,622

1984 54.2% 112,834 45.3% 94,304 0.5% 1,106

1980 45.9% 91,207 48.1% 95,622 6.0% 11,859

1976 43.6% 92,636 54.6% 116,241 1.8% 3,853

1972 60.2% 136,895 38.7% 87,977 1.2% 2,728

1968 37.3% 91,324 51.1% 124,939 11.6% 28,297

1964 25.6% 69,515 73.6% 200,051 0.9% 2,443

1960 39.1% 113,972 60.0% 174,754 0.9% 2,566

1956 61.8% 183,919 36.0% 107,098 2.2% 6,568

1952 47.4% 153,583 49.8% 161,469 2.9% 9,228

1948 36.5% 111,113 60.1% 182,979 3.5% 10,561

1944 37.9% 117,087 61.9% 191,354 0.2% 694

1940 34.0% 107,552 65.9% 208,429 0.2% 527

1936 21.7% 65,110 77.7% 233,390 0.7% 2,059

1932 26.0% 66,937 71.9% 184,676 2.1% 5,406

1928 39.4% 99,972 60.2% 153,009 0.4% 1,090

1924 41.7% 80,892 47.0% 91,094 11.3% 21,966

1920 59.6% 101,759 36.7% 62,637 3.8% 6,397

1916 47.7% 42,518 50.1% 44,663 2.3% 2,024

1912 11.4% 8,763 52.6% 40,517 36.1% 27,824

1908 48.9% 41,969 46.2% 39,634 4.9% 4,200

1904 46.3% 36,683 47.9% 38,021 5.8% 4,605

1900 44.5% 32,343 52.4% 38,022 3.1% 2,262

County CPVI: D+26

Edwin A. Stevens Building

Hudson County is politically Democratic overall. According to The Hudson Reporter, the most conservative town in the county is Secaucus.[114]

In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry
John Kerry
carried the county by a 35.3% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[115] In 2008, Barack Obama
Barack Obama
won Hudson County by a 46.3% margin over John McCain. Democrat Jon Corzine
Jon Corzine
beat Republican Doug Forrester by a 3-to-1 margin in the 2005 gubernatorial race.[116][117] Both Republican candidates failed to carry even one municipality within the county.[118][119] United States
United States
Senator Bob Menendez
Bob Menendez
is from Hudson County. Former New Jersey governor John Corzine was a resident of Hoboken for many years, including his time in office (2006-2010). In the 2009 New Jersey gubernatorial election, Corzine received 76,145 votes from Hudson County to Republican Chris Christie's 29,301, but Christie won the state overall, beating Corzine by 3 percentage points statewide.[120]

Education[edit] Colleges and universities are Hudson County Community College
Hudson County Community College
(HCCC), New Jersey
New Jersey
City University (NJCU), Saint Peter's University, all in Jersey City, and Stevens Institute of Technology
Stevens Institute of Technology
in Hoboken. Rutgers University offers classes within the county. The Christ Hospital School of Nursing was established in 1890 and since 1999 has run a cooperative program with HCCC.[121] In 2014 it will merge with the Bayonne Medical Center nursing school.[122] Each municipality has a public school district. All but two have their own public high schools. East Newark students attend Harrison High School[123] and Guttenberg students attend North Bergen High School.[124] Hudson County Schools of Technology
Hudson County Schools of Technology
is a public secondary and adult vocational-technical school with locations in North Bergen, Jersey City, Union City and Harrison.[125] There are private and parochial elementary and secondary schools located throughout Hudson, many of which are members of the Hudson County Interscholastic Athletic Association.[126] Transportation[edit] The confluence of roads and railways of the Northeastern U.S. megalopolis and Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
passing through Hudson County make it one of the Northeast's major transportation crossroads and provide access to an extensive network of interstate highways, state freeways and toll roads, and vehicular water crossings. Many long distance trains and buses pass through the county, though Amtrak
Amtrak
and the major national bus companies – Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines
and Trailways – do not provide service within it. There are many local, intrastate, and Manhattan-bound bus routes, an expanding light rail system, ferries traversing the Hudson, and commuter trains to North Jersey, the Jersey Shore, and Trenton. Much of the rail, surface transit, and ferry system is oriented to commuters traveling to Newark, lower and midtown Manhattan, and the Hudson Waterfront. Public transportation is operated by a variety of public and private corporations, notably NJ Transit, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, and NY Waterway, each of which charge customers separately for their service. Hudson is the only county in New Jersey
New Jersey
where more residents (127,708) used public transportation than who drove (124,772).[127] Hubs[edit] Hoboken Terminal, Bergenline Avenue
Bergenline Avenue
at 32nd Street, 48th Street, and Nungessers
Nungessers
in North Hudson, and Journal Square
Journal Square
Transportation Center and Exchange Place in Jersey City
Jersey City
are major public transportation hubs. The Port Authority Bus Terminal
Port Authority Bus Terminal
and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan, the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, and Newark Penn Station also play important roles within the county's transportation network. Secaucus
Secaucus
Junction provides access to eight commuter rail lines.[128] Rail[edit]

Bergenline Station at 49th Street between Bergenline Avenue
Bergenline Avenue
and Kennedy Boulevard at the border of Union City, West New York
West New York
and North Bergen

Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
Hudson-Bergen Light Rail
(HBLR) serves Bayonne, Jersey City, Hoboken, and North Hudson at the Weehawken
Weehawken
waterfront, Bergenline Avenue
Bergenline Avenue
and Tonnelle Avenue.[129] NJ Transit
NJ Transit
Hoboken Division: Main Line (to Suffern, and in partnership with MTA/Metro-North, express service to Port Jervis), Bergen County Line, and jointly with MTA/Metro-North, Pascack Valley Line, all via Secaucus
Secaucus
Junction; Montclair-Boonton Line
Montclair-Boonton Line
and Morris and Essex Lines; North Jersey
North Jersey
Coast Line (limited service as Waterfront Connection); Raritan Valley Line
Raritan Valley Line
(limited service), and Meadowlands Rail Line[129]

Exchange Place

NJ Transit
NJ Transit
Newark Division: Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
Line and North Jersey Coast Line can be reached via Secaucus
Secaucus
Junction or PATH PATH is a 24-hour subway mass transit system serving Newark Penn Station (NWK), Harrison, Journal Square
Journal Square
(JSQ), Downtown Jersey City, Hoboken Terminal
Hoboken Terminal
(HOB), midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
(33rd) (along 6th Ave to Herald Square/New York Penn Station), and World Trade Center (WTC)

Bus[edit] NJ Transit
NJ Transit
bus routes 120 -129 provide service within Hudson and to Manhattan. NJ Transit
NJ Transit
bus routes 1-89 provide service within the county and to points in North Jersey. Additionally, private bus companies, some of which operate dollar vans (mini-buses or carritos) augment the state agency's surface transport. Water[edit]

CRRNJ Terminal in Liberty State Park, with ferry slips in foreground.

Located at the heart of the Port of New York and New Jersey, Hudson has since the 1980s seen the restoration of it once extensive ferry system.

NY Waterway
NY Waterway
operates ferry service from Weehawken
Weehawken
Port Imperial, Hoboken Terminal, and Paulus Hook
Paulus Hook
Ferry Terminal as well as other ferry slips along the Hudson River
Hudson River
Waterfront Walkway to West Midtown Ferry Terminal, Battery Park City Ferry Terminal
Battery Park City Ferry Terminal
and Pier 11/Wall Street in Manhattan, and to the Raritan Bayshore Liberty Water Taxi
Liberty Water Taxi
provides service on one route between Liberty State Park, Paulus Hook, and Battery Park City. Statue Cruises
Statue Cruises
provides service to Ellis Island
Ellis Island
and Liberty Island[130][131][132] Cape Liberty Cruise Port
Cape Liberty Cruise Port
in Bayonne is one of three passenger terminals in the port.[133] Port Jersey
Port Jersey
is one of four container shipping terminals in the port.[134]

Roads and highways[edit] As of 2010[update], the county had a total of 616.81 miles (992.66 km) of roadways, of which 515.38 miles (829.42 km) are maintained by the local municipality, 47.31 miles (76.14 km) by Hudson County, 33.23 miles (53.48 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 20.89 miles (33.62 km) by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike Authority.[135] Major highways include New Jersey
New Jersey
Routes 3, 7, 139, 185, 440, 495, Interstates 78, 95, and 280, and U.S. Routes 1/9 and 1/9 Truck, as well as the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike and the Pulaski Skyway. Automobile access to New York City
New York City
is available through the Lincoln Tunnel
Lincoln Tunnel
(via Weehawken
Weehawken
to Midtown Manhattan) and the Holland Tunnel
Holland Tunnel
(via Jersey City to Lower Manhattan), and over the Bayonne Bridge
Bayonne Bridge
to Staten Island. County Route 501 runs the length of Hudson as Kennedy Boulevard. In 2013, two main thoroughfares in Hudson County, Kennedy Boulevard and U.S. Route 1/9, were included among the Tri-State Transportation Campaign's list of the top ten most dangerous roads for pedestrians in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut. Kennedy Boulevard was ranked #6 for the six pedestrian fatalities that occurred on it from 2009 to 2011, while Route 1/9 was tied for the #10 place on the list for the five pedestrian deaths during the same period. Route 1/9 is monitored by state police, while Kennedy Boulevard is patrolled by the respective municipalities through which that road runs. In total, 37 pedestrians – 12 in 2009, 14 in 2010 and 11 in 2011 – were killed on Hudson County roads. According to state police statistics there were nine pedestrian fatalities in the county in 2012, which was not included in the study. From 2010 through 2012, 25 people were killed each year in Hudson County motor vehicle accidents.[136] Air[edit] Most airports which serve Hudson County are operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport
(EWR), 12.8 miles (20.6 km) away in Newark, is the closest airport with scheduled passenger service LaGuardia Airport
LaGuardia Airport
(LGA) is 12.8 miles (20.6 km) away in Flushing, Queens John F. Kennedy Airport
John F. Kennedy Airport
(JFK) is 19 miles (31 km) away on Jamaica Bay in Queens Teterboro Airport, in the Hackensack Meadowlands, serves private and corporate planes Essex County Airport, in Fairfield, is a general aviation airport serving the region

Parks, promenades, and open spaces[edit] Hudson has many county parks, including Hudson County Park, Mercer Park, Lincoln Park, Washington Park, Columbus Park, and North Hudson Park, West Hudson Park and the newest, Laurel Hill.[137] There are many municipal parks and plazas, some of which were developed as "city squares" during the 19th century, such as Hamilton Park, Church Square Park and Ellsworth (locally known as Pigeon) Park. The German-American Volksfest has taken place annually since 1874 at Schuetzen Park[138] This private park and the many nearby cemeteries-Flower Hill Cemetery, Grove Church Cemetery, Hoboken Cemetery, Macphelah Cemetery and Weehawken
Weehawken
Cemetery that characterize the western slope create the "green lung" of North Hudson County.

Reservoir #3

Jersey City
Jersey City
Reservoir No.3 and Pershing Field constitute one of the largest "green spaces" in the county. The reservoir, no longer in use, is site of a passive recreation area/nature preserve. Hackensack Number Two, the other remaining reservoir in Weehawken
Weehawken
Heights, is not accessible to the public. Extensive athletic fields opened in 2009 in Weehawken
Weehawken
and Union City, the latter on the site of the former Roosevelt Stadium. Promenades are being developed along the rivers. The Hudson River Waterfront Walkway and Hackensack RiverWalk. Sections of the Secaucus Greenway are in place and eventually will connect different districts of the town including the North End, site Schmidts Woods (which contains an original hard wood forest) and Mill Creek Point Park, and Harmon Meadow Plaza. Kearny Riverbank Park
Kearny Riverbank Park
runs along the Passaic River. The future of the Harsimus
Harsimus
Stem Embankment is uncertain, though many community groups hope the landmark will be opened to the public as elevated greenway, possibly as part of East Coast Greenway. Liberty State Park, the county's largest, is sited on land that had once been part of a vast oyster bed, was filled in for industrial, rail, and maritime uses, and was reclaimed in the 1970s. Ellis Island and Liberty Island, a national protected area and home to the Statue of Liberty National Monument, lie entirely within Hudson's waters across from Liberty State Park, from which ferry service is available.[139] The New Jersey
New Jersey
Meadowlands Commission has designated several areas within its jurisdiction as wetlands preservation zones including the Riverbend Wetlands
Wetlands
Preserve, Eastern Brackish Marsh, and Kearny Marsh, an extension of De Korte Park, home of the Meadowlands Environment Center.[140] Hudson County is home to the Bayonne Golf Club and Liberty National Golf Club, both located on Upper New York Bay.[141] Business[edit] Various businesses and industries are headquartered or had their start in Hudson County. Secaucus
Secaucus
is home to My Network TV's flagship station WWOR-TV,[142] Red Bull New York,[143] MLB Network,[144] NBA Entertainment,[145][146][147] Goya Foods,[148] The Children's Place[149] and Hartz Mountain.[150] Jersey City
Jersey City
is home to Verisk Analytics[151] and WFMU
WFMU
91.1FM (WMFU 90.1FM in the Hudson Valley), the longest running freeform radio station in the United States.[152] Hoboken is the birthplace of the first Blimpie
Blimpie
restaurant,[153] and home to one of the headquarters of publisher John Wiley & Sons.[154] In the 20th century, Union City was the "embroidery capital of the United States", the trademark of that industry appearing on that city's seal.[155][156][157] North Bergen is home to The Vitamin Shoppe's headquarters.[158] Weehawken
Weehawken
is home to the headquarters of NY Waterway,[159] as well as offices for Swatch Group
Swatch Group
USA,[160] UBS[161] and Hartz Mountain.[162] Television producers had long held an attraction for New Jersey, and Hudson County in particular, due to the tax credits afforded such various productions. The HBO
HBO
prison drama Oz was filmed in an old warehouse in Bayonne, with much of the series filmed around the now-defunct Military Ocean Terminal Base.[163] The NBC drama Law and Order: Special
Special
Victims Unit filmed police station and courtroom scenes at NBC's Central Archives building in North Bergen,[164][165] and filmed other scenes throughout the county, such as a 2010 episode filmed at the Meadowlands Parkway in Secaucus.[163] The short-lived hospital drama Mercy filmed at a warehouse in Secaucus, a private residence in Weehawken
Weehawken
and a public school in Jersey City.[166] The Law and Order and Mercy productions left New Jersey
New Jersey
for New York in 2010 after New Jersey
New Jersey
Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
suspended the tax credits for film and television production for the Fiscal Year 2011 to close budget gaps.[163] Landmarks and historic places[edit]

See Historic districts in Hudson County, New Jersey See Odonyms in Hudson County, New Jersey See List of cemeteries in Hudson County, New Jersey See List of the oldest buildings in New Jersey See List of bridges, tunnels, and cuts in Hudson County, New Jersey

Museums, galleries, exhibitions[edit]

Liberty Science Center
Liberty Science Center
in Liberty State Park, Jersey City

There are several museums and other exhibitions spaces throughout the county, some of which maintain permanent collections. Other are focused on local culture, history, or the environment. There are events throughout the year where architecture, local artists or ethnic culture are highlighted. There are also private galleries. The venues include:

Afro-American Historical and Cultural Society Museum[167][168] Bayonne Community Museum
Bayonne Community Museum
[169] Bayonne Firefighter's Museum[170] Central Railroad of New Jersey
New Jersey
Terminal[171] Cultural Thread/El Hilo,[172] history, diversity and craft of embroidery Danforth Avenue Station, excavated objects[173][174] Dixon Mills, site of the former Joseph Dixon Crucible Company[175] Drawing Rooms, a contemporary art center and gallery in a former convent in downtown Jersey City[176] Ellis Island
Ellis Island
Immigration Museum[177] Five Corners Branch Library Gallery specializes in music and fine arts. Hoboken Artists Studio Tour [178] Hoboken Fire Department Museum Hoboken Historical Museum[179] history and local contemporary artists Hoboken House Tour[180] private and public buildings shown annually in October Hoboken Public Library,[181] local history and local artists Hudson County Courthouse
Hudson County Courthouse
permanent murals depicting early history and contemporary work Hudson River
Hudson River
Waterfront Walkway displays, plaques, panels of history of environment and development Kearny Museum[182] Hudson County YAM[183] Jersey City
Jersey City
Artists Studio Tour[184] Jersey City
Jersey City
Museum[185][186] Liberty Science Center
Liberty Science Center
Science education, environment, health, invention Liberty State Park
Liberty State Park
Interpretive Center, nature and urban environment Museum of Russian Art New Jersey
New Jersey
Room[187] of Jersey City
Jersey City
Public Library Main Branch, public archives including historical documents and photos Mana Contemporary[188] Martin Luther King Station[189][190] memorial to civil rights leader and movement Meadowlands Exposition Center, trade shows and cultural fairs[191] Monroe Center[192] New Jersey
New Jersey
City University[193]

Lemmerman Gallery Visual Arts Gallery Sculpture Garden

Saints Peter's College Art Gallery[194] Statue of Liberty National Monument[195] William V. Musto
William V. Musto
Cultural Center[196]

Climate and weather[edit]

Jersey City

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    3.7     38 27

    3.2     42 29

    4.4     50 35

    4.5     61 45

    4.2     71 54

    4.4     79 64

    4.6     84 69

    4.4     83 68

    4.3     75 61

    4.4     64 50

    4     54 42

    4     43 32

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Source: The Weather Channel[197]

Metric conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    93     3 −3

    82     6 −2

    111     10 2

    114     16 7

    106     22 12

    112     26 18

    117     29 21

    113     28 20

    109     24 16

    112     18 10

    102     12 6

    102     6 0

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Average temperatures in the county seat of Jersey City
Jersey City
have ranged from a low of 27 °F (−3 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −15 °F (−26 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.21 inches (82 mm) in February to 4.60 inches (117 mm) in July.[197] See also[edit]

Bergen, New Netherland Bergen Bergen Point Bergen Square Bergen Township Constable Hook New Jersey
New Jersey
Meadowlands Commission Hackensack RiverWalk Hudson River
Hudson River
Waterfront Walkway The Hudson Reporter Gateway Region Gold Coast New Barbadoes Neck New Jersey
New Jersey
Meadowlands New Jersey
New Jersey
Palisades North Hudson North Jersey Pavonia Snake Hill West Hudson List of New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit bus routes (100-199) Historic townships of Hudson County, New Jersey People from Hudson County, New Jersey Neighborhoods in Hudson County, New Jersey

References[edit]

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Terminal Archived February 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Cultural Thread/El Hilo, Embroidery Museum ^ Danforth Avenue Station ^ Danforth Avenue station photos ^ Shaman, Diana. "Developer Transforms A Factory in Jersey City", The New York Times, December 29, 1989. Accessed August 3, 2016. "Two 150-foot-high smokestacks that tower over the Van Vorst historic district in Jersey City
Jersey City
mark the site of the former Joseph Dixon Crucible Company factory at Wayne and Varick Streets, a maze of cavernous buildings where crucibles, pencils, crayons, stove polish, lubricants and other products were once made. The four- and five-story red brick buildings, some almost a century and a half old, are being turned into a 470-unit rental apartment complex named Dixon Mills." ^ About, Drawing Rooms. Accessed August 3, 2016. ^ Ellis Island, National Park Service. Accessed August 3, 2016. ^ "2008 Hoboken Artists Studio Tour kicks off at noon". NJ.com. October 19, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2010.  ^ Hoboken Historical Museum ^ Hoboken House Tour ^ Hoboken Public Library ^ Kearny Museum ^ Youth Art Month[permanent dead link] ^ ProArts JC Artists Studio Tour ^ Jersey City
Jersey City
Museum ^ JC Museum Archived July 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ New Jersey
New Jersey
Room Archived October 31, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.manafinearts.com Mana Contemporary ^ MLK Station photos ^ MLK Drive Station information ^ Exposition Center[permanent dead link] ^ Monroe Center Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ NJCU Galleries Archived August 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ American Abstract Artists at SPC Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Statue of Liberty National Monument". National Park Service. Retrieved January 21, 2010.  ^ Mestanza, Jean-Pierre (June 3, 2011). "Union City naming new Cultural Center for discredited ex-mayor". NJ.com ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Jersey City, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hudson County, New Jersey.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Portal: Hudson County, New Jersey

Hudson County Government Hudson Historic Sites and Districts Hudson County Bus Circulation and Infrastructure[permanent dead link] Hudson County Directory 2004–2005

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Hudson County, New Jersey, United States

County seat: Jersey City

Cities

Bayonne Hoboken Jersey City Union City

Borough

East Newark

Towns

Guttenberg Harrison Kearny Secaucus West New York

Townships

North Bergen Weehawken

v t e

Government of Hudson County, New Jersey

County Seat: Jersey City

County Executive

Thomas A. DeGise

Freeholders

District 1: Doreen McAndrew DiDomenico (Chairman) District 2: Bill O'Dea (Chairman Pro Tempore) District 3: Jeffrey Dublin District 4: Vacant District 5: Anthony Romano District 6: Tilo Rivas (Vice Chairman) District 7: Jose C. Muñoz District 8: Thomas Liggio District 9: Albert Cifelli

Constitutional Officers

Sheriff: Frank X. Schillari County Clerk: Junior Maldonado County Surrogate: Joseph J. Ryglicki

County seat

Hudson County Courthouse Hudson County Administration Building

v t e

School districts of Hudson County, New Jersey

PK-8

East Newark Guttenberg

PK-12

Bayonne Harrison Hoboken Jersey City Kearny North Bergen Secaucus Union City Weehawken West New York

9-12

Hudson County Vocational

Atlantic Bergen Burlington Camden Cape May Cumberland Essex Gloucester Hudson Hunterdon Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Morris Ocean Passaic Salem Somerset Sussex Union Warren

v t e

Hudson County Transportation Network

Intermodal hubs

Bergenline Station Exchange Place Hoboken Terminal Journal Square Newark Penn Station Port Authority Bus Terminal Weehawken
Weehawken
Port Imperial World Trade Center

Train

Hoboken Terminal Hudson–Bergen Light Rail Meadowlands Rail Line Port Authority Trans-Hudson Secaucus
Secaucus
Junction

Bus

A&C Bus Coach USA Dollar van GWB Plaza New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit routes 1-89 New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit routes to Manhattan, Bergen, and Passaic Nungessers OurBus Spanish Transportation

Ferry

Hoboken Terminal Liberty Water Taxi New York Waterway Paulus Hook
Paulus Hook
Ferry Terminal Statue Cruises Weehawken
Weehawken
Port Imperial

Airports

Essex County Linden John F. Kennedy LaGuardia Newark Liberty Teterboro

Vehicular bridges and tunnels

Bayonne Bridge Holland Tunnel Lincoln Highway Lincoln Tunnel Newark Bay
Newark Bay
Bridge New Jersey
New Jersey
Route 3 Pulaski Skyway Wittpenn Bridge

Passenger seaports

Cape Liberty Cruise Port Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Cruise Terminal New York Passenger Ship Terminal

Major thoroughfares

Belleville Turnpike Boulevard East Jersey City-Newark Turnpike Kennedy Boulevard Paterson Plank Road River Road Schuyler Avenue Tonnele Avenue 14th Street Viaduct

Highways

Interstate 78 Interstate 95 New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike Pulaski Skyway U.S. Route 1/9
U.S. Route 1/9
Truck Route 3 Route 139 Route 440 Route 495

Proposed

Gateway Project Northern Branch Corridor Project Journal Square-Bayonne BRT

v t e

National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
in Hudson County, New Jersey

Landmarks

Clark Thread Company Historic District Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company Warehouse Holland Tunnel Statue of Liberty National Monument

Districts

Buildings at 1200-1206 Washington Street Hamilton Park Historic District Harsimus
Harsimus
Cove Historic District Jersey City
Jersey City
Medical Center Jersey City
Jersey City
Reservoir No. 3 Lembeck and Betz Eagle Brewing Company District Morris Canal Paulus Hook
Paulus Hook
Historic District Van Vorst Park Historic District West Bergen-East Lincoln Park Historic District

Places of worship

Church of Our Lady of Grace Church of the Holy Innocents First Baptist Church First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck Grace Church Van Vorst Monastery and Church of Saint Michael the Archangel Old Bergen Church Saint Ann's Roman Catholic Church and Rectory St. Anthony of Padua Roman Catholic Church St. Patrick's Parish and Buildings United Synagogue of Hoboken

Houses

Dr. William Barrow Mansion Hale-Whitney Mansion Van Wagenen House

Buildings

Association of Exempt Firemen Building Bayonne Truck House No. 1 Bayonne Trust Company Engine Company No. 2 Engine Company No. 3 Engine Company No. 4 Engine Company No. 5 Engine Company No. 6 Engine House No. 3, Truck No. 2 Erie-Lackawanna Railroad Terminal at Hoboken Fairmount Apartments Ficken's Warehouse Hackensack Water Company Complex Highland Hose No. 4 Hoboken City Hall Hoboken Free Public Library and Manual Training School Hoboken Land and Improvement Company Building Hook and Ladder No. 3 Hudson and Manhattan
Manhattan
Railroad Powerhouse Hudson County Courthouse Jefferson Trust Company Jersey City
Jersey City
Central Railroad Terminal Jersey City
Jersey City
High School Jersey City
Jersey City
YMCA Keuffel and Esser Manufacturing Complex Labor Bank Building Pohlmann's Hall Edwin A. Stevens Hall

Objects

Firemen's Monument

Structures

Dock Bridge Machigonne Pulaski Skyway Robbins Reef Light
Robbins Reef Light
Station Route 1 Extension

See also: National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in Hudson County, New Jersey
New Jersey
and List of National Historic Landmarks in New Jersey

v t e

New York metropolitan area

Counties

Bergen Bronx Carbon Dutchess Essex Fairfield Hudson Hunterdon Kings Lehigh Litchfield Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Monroe Morris Nassau New Haven Northampton New York Ocean Orange Passaic Pike Putnam Queens Richmond Rockland Somerset Suffolk Sussex Sullivan Ulster Union Warren Westchester

Major cities

New York City

The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island

Cities and towns over 100,000

Allentown Babylon Bridgeport Brookhaven Edison Elizabeth Hempstead Huntington Islip Jersey City New Haven Newark North Hempstead Oyster Bay Paterson Smithtown Stamford Waterbury Woodbridge Yonkers

Cities and towns over 25,000

Bayonne Bergenfield Bethlehem Branford Cheshire Clifton Danbury East Haven East Orange Easton Englewood Ewing Township Fairfield Fair Lawn Fort Lee Freehold Township Garfield Greenwich Hackensack Hamden Hamilton Township, Mercer County Hoboken Howell Kearny Long Beach Long Branch Lower Macungie Township Mahwah Manalapan Marlboro Meriden Middletown, NJ Middletown, NY Milford Mount Vernon Naugatuck New Brunswick New Milford New Rochelle Newburgh Newtown Norwalk Old Bridge Paramus Passaic Perth Amboy Plainfield Poughkeepsie Rahway Shelton Stratford Teaneck Torrington Trenton Trumbull Union City Wallingford West Haven Westfield Westport White Plains Whitehall Township, PA

Cities and towns over 10,000

Ansonia Asbury Park Beacon Bethel Bethlehem Township, PA Brookfield Coolbaugh Township Darien Derby Dover Dumont East Stroudsburg Edgewater Elmwood Park Emmaus, PA Fairview Franklin Lakes Freehold Borough Glen Rock Guildford Guttenberg Harrison, NJ Harrison, NY Hasbrouck Heights Hazlet Hillsdale Holmdel Kingston Linden Little Ferry Lodi Lyndhurst Madison Monroe Morristown New Canaan New Fairfield New Milford North Arlington North Branford North Haven Northampton, PA Oakland Orange Palisades Park Phillipsburg Plymouth Peekskill Ramsey Red Bank Ridgefield, CT Ridgefield, NJ Ridgefield Park Ridgewood Rutherford Rye Saddle Brook Scarsdale Secaucus Seymour Somerville Southbury Stroud Township Summit Tenafly Upper Macungie Township Wallington Watertown West Milford West New York Weston Westwood Wilton Winchester Wolcott Wyckoff

Regions

Catskills Central Jersey Greater Danbury Greater New Haven Greater Waterbury Housatonic Valley Hudson Valley Lehigh Valley Litchfield Hills Long Island North Jersey Poconos Skylands Region Southwestern Connecticut

v t e

 State of New Jersey

Trenton (capital)

Topics

Delegations

Seantors Representatives

Elections Geography Government

Governor Lieutenant Governor

History Law Media Municipalities Music Parks People Sports Transportation

Society

Cuisine Crime Gambling Politics

Regions

Atlantic Coastal Plain Central Jersey Delaware River Region Delaware Valley Gateway Region Hudson Waterfront Highlands Jersey Shore Meadowlands New York metro area North Hudson North Jersey Pascack Valley Piedmont Pine Barrens Raritan Bayshore Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians Southern Shore Region Skylands Region South Jersey Tri‑State Region West Hudson

Counties

Atlantic Bergen Burlington Camden Cape May Cumberland Essex Gloucester Hudson Hunterdon Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Morris Ocean Passaic Salem Somerset Sussex Union Warren

Major cities and towns

Atlantic City Bayonne Camden Clifton Edison Elizabeth Hackensack Hoboken Jersey City Newark New Brunswick Ocean City Paterson Perth Amboy Trenton V

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