ListMoto - Holborn

--- Advertisement ---

(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

HOLBORN (/ˈhoʊbərn/ HOH-bə(r)n or /ˈhɒlbərn/ ) is a district in the West End , central London
, forming part of the London Borough of Camden .


* 1 History

* 1.1 Toponymy * 1.2 Local governance * 1.3 Urban development

* 2 Modern times * 3 Education

* 4 Geography

* 4.1 Nearby areas * 4.2 Transport

* 5 Notable people * 6 Gallery * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links



The area's first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
, by King Edgar , dated to 959. This mentions "the old wooden church of St Andrew" ( St Andrew, Holborn
St Andrew, Holborn
). The name Holborn
may be derived from the Middle English
Middle English
"hol" for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet
River Fleet
as it ran through a steep valley to the east. Historical cartographer William Shepherd in his Plan of London
about 1300 labels the Fleet as "Hole Bourn" where it passes to the east of St Andrew's church. However, the 16th century historian John Stow attributes the name to the Old Bourne ("old brook"), a small stream which he believed ran into the Fleet at Holborn
Bridge, a structure lost when the river was culverted in 1732. The exact course of the stream is uncertain, but according to Stow it started in one of the many small springs near Holborn
Bar, the old City toll gate on the summit of Holborn
Hill. This is supported by a map of London
and Westminster
created during the reign of Henry VIII that clearly marks the street as 'Oldbourne' and 'High Oldbourne'. Other historians, however, find the theory implausible, in view of the slope of the land.


A map showing the wards of Holborn
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1952.

It was then outside the City's jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex
. In the 12th century St Andrew's was noted in local title deeds as lying on "Holburnestrate"— Holborn
Street. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London
City of London
from 1223, when the City's jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars were erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn
was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival's Inn, on the northern side, "above Bars". The rest of the area "below Bars" (outside the City's jurisdiction) was organised by the vestry board of the parish of St Andrew . The St George the Martyr Queen Square area became a separate parish in 1723 and was combined with the part of St Andrew outside the City of London in 1767 to form St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr .

The Holborn
District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard
Glasshouse Yard
, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place , St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre . The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn
was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn
District and the St Giles District , excluding Glasshouse Yard
Glasshouse Yard
and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury . The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London
Borough of Camden .

Local politicians include Keir Starmer MP, the Labour Party Member of Parliament for Holborn and St Pancras , and Mark Field MP of the Conservative Party Member of Parliament, who is MP of the City of London
portion of Holborn, part of the Cities of London
and Westminster
and three ward councillors for Holborn and Covent Garden : Cllr Julian Fulbrook, Cllr Sue Vincent and Cllr Awale Olad of the Labour Party. Holborn
is also represented in the London
Assembly as part of Barnet and Camden by Andrew Dismore , also of the Labour Party.


" Old Holborn ": Staple Inn in 1900

Henry V paid for the road to be paved in 1494 because the thoroughfare "was so deep and miry that many perils and hazards were thereby occasioned, as well to the king's carriages passing that way, as to those of his subjects". Criminals from the Tower and Newgate passed up Holborn
on their way to be hanged at Tyburn
or St Giles .

In the 18th century, Holborn
was the location of the infamous Mother Clap 's molly house (meeting place for homosexual men). There were 22 inns or taverns recorded in the 1860s. The Holborn Empire , originally Weston\'s Music Hall , stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz . The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil , a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour

Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
took up residence in Furnival\'s Inn (later the site of " Holborn Bars
Holborn Bars
", the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse ). Dickens put his character "Pip", in Great Expectations
Great Expectations
, in residence at Barnard\'s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College . Staple Inn , notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn
tobacco , is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery . The most northerly of the Inns of Court
Inns of Court
, Gray\'s Inn , is off Holborn, as is Lincoln\'s Inn : the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court
Inns of Court
"> A view of Holborn
in 1984.

Further east, in the gated avenue of Ely Place , is St Etheldreda\'s Church , originally the chapel of the Bishop of Ely 's London
palace. This ecclesiastical connection allowed the street to remain part of the county of Cambridgeshire
until the mid-1930s. This meant that Ye Olde Mitre , a pub located in a court hidden behind the buildings of the Place and the Garden, was licensed by the Cambridgeshire Magistrates. St Etheldreda's is the oldest church building used for Roman Catholic worship in London. However, this became so only after it ceased to be an Anglican chapel in the 19th century.

Hatton Garden
Hatton Garden
, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I
, Sir Christopher Hatton, at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr. Originally built in 1863 by architect William Butterfield , it was gutted during the Blitz but later reconstructed, retaining Butterfield's west front. The current vicar is the Rev. Christopher Smith. On the southern side lie Chancery Lane
Chancery Lane
and Fetter Lane .

On Holborn Circus lies the Church of St Andrew , an ancient Guild Church that survived the Great Fire of London . However the parochial authority decided to commission Sir Christopher Wren to rebuild it. Although the nave was destroyed in the Blitz, the reconstruction was faithful to Wren's original. In the middle of the Circus there is a large equestrian statue of Prince Albert
Prince Albert
by Charles Bacon (1874), the City's official monument to him. It was presented by Charles Oppenheim, of the diamond trading company De Beers
De Beers
, whose headquarters building is in nearby Charterhouse Street. Former Pearl Assurance building

In the early 21st century, Holborn
has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into a hotel in 1999.

There has been a limited attempt to rebrand Holborn
(and perhaps other nearby areas such as Bloomsbury
) as "Midtown", on the grounds that it is notionally in the very middle of London, between the West End and the City (often considered, such as for postcode purposes, to be on the east side of central London). The reason for the rebrand attempt may be that Holborn
is less well-known than the West End and the City.


For education within the Westminster
portion of Holborn
see the main City of Westminster
City of Westminster

* City Lit adult education



* Bloomsbury
* Clerkenwell
* Smithfield * Charing Cross * Soho
* Covent Garden
Covent Garden
* St. Giles


The nearest London Underground
London Underground
stations are Chancery Lane
Chancery Lane
and Holborn . The closest mainline railway station is City Thameslink .


The following is a list of notable people who were born in or are significantly connected with Holborn.

* John Barbirolli , conductor, was born in Southampton Row (blue plaque on hotel his father managed). * Thomas Chatterton
Thomas Chatterton
(1752–1770), poet, was born in Bristol and died in a garret in Holborn
at the age of 17. * Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (1875–1912), composer, born at 15 Theobalds Road; acclaimed especially for The Song of Hiawatha trilogy. * Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
lived in Doughty Street where there is a museum. * Naomi Lewis (1911–2009), advocate of animal rights, poet, children's author and teacher, lived in Red Lion Square 1935–2009. * Eric Morley (1918–2000), founder of Miss World pageant, was born in Holborn. * Ann Radcliffe (1764–1823), novelist and renowned author of the Gothic novel , was born in Holborn. * John Shaw, Jr. (1803–1870), architect, was born in Holborn; praised as a designer in the "Manner of Wren ". * Barry Sheene (1950–2003), World Champion motorcycle racer, spent his early years in Holborn. * William Morris
William Morris
(1845–1896), artist and socialist lived at 8 Red Lion Square .



The headquarters of Sainsbury\'s at Holborn Circus *

Staple Inn , near Chancery Lane
Chancery Lane
tube station *

Grange Holborn
Hotel *

High Holborn *

Entrance to Gray\'s Inn *

Royal London Fusiliers Monument on Holborn, dedicated to those who died in World War I
World War I


* London


* A. ^ Pronunciation: The authoritative BBC pronunciation unit recommends "ˈhəʊbə(r)n ", but allowing "sometimes also HOHL-buhrn". The organisation's less formal Pronouncing British Placenames notes that "You'll occasionally find towns where nobody can agree... Holborn
in central London
has for many years been pronounced 'hoe-bun', but having so few local residents to preserve this, it's rapidly changing to a more natural 'hol-burn'". However, Modern British and American English pronunciation (2008) cites "Holborn" as one of its examples of a common word where the "l" is silent. The popular tourist guide The Rough Guide to Britain sticks to the traditional form, with neither "l" nor "r": /ˈhoʊbən/ HOH-bən .


* ^ "Camden Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 October 2016. * ^ A B Lethaby, William (1902). London
before the conquest. London: Macmillan. p. 60. * ^ A B Besant, Walter ; Mitton, Geraldine (1903). Holborn
and Bloomsbury. The Fascination of London
(Project Gutenberg, 2007 ed.). London: Adam and Charles Black . Retrieved 13 August 2008. * ^ Shepherd, William R (1926). Historical atlas (3 ed.). University of London. p. 75. OCLC
253088196 . * ^ Strype, John (1720). "Rivers and other Waters serving this City". Survey of London. The Stuart London
Project. Online edition: University of Sheffield 2007. * ^ http://www.oldlondonmaps.com/oldenmappages/olden08a.html * ^ Lethaby (1902:48) * ^ Harben, Henry (1918). A Dictionary of London. London: Herbert Jenkins. * ^ The Parish of St Andrew Holborn pp11-12 Caroline Barron London 1979 * ^ Timbs, John (1855). Curiosities of London: Exhibiting the Most Rare and Remarkable Objects of Interest in the Metropolis. D. Bogue. p. 428. * ^ The World, the Flesh and the Devil on IMDb
* ^ Chap. 20 * ^ Hibbert, Christopher ; et al. (1983). The London
Encyclopedia (2010 ed.). London: MacMillan. p. 397. ISBN 1-4050-4925-1 . * ^ Vitaliev, Vitali (3 January 2003). "Things that go bump on the map". The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
. Retrieved 12 August 2008. * ^ Hammond, Derek (28 June 2006). "Secret London: Ye Olde Mitre Tavern". Time Out . Retrieved 12 August 2008. * ^ A B St Alban the Martyr accessed 14 December 2013 * ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/9359556/A-Midtown-inLondon-Theres-NoHo-chance.html * ^ Olausson, Lena (2006). "Holborn". Oxford BBC Guide to Pronunciation, The Essential Handbook of the Spoken Word (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 173. ISBN 0-19-280710-2 .

* ^ "Pronouncing British Placenames". BBC. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 21 November 2009. * ^ Dretzke, Burkhard (2008). Modern British and American English pronunciation. Paderborn, Germany: Ferdinand Schöningh. p. 63. ISBN 3-8252-2053-2 . * ^ Roberts, Andrew; Matthew Teller (2004). The Rough Guide to Britain. London: Rough Guides Ltd. p. 109. ISBN 1-84353-301-4 .


Find more