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Himeji
Himeji
(姫路市, Himeji-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture in the Kansai region
Kansai region
of Japan. As of May 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 534,881, with 213,950 households and a population density of 1,000.84 persons per km². The total area is 534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Air raid

2 Climate 3 Points of interest 4 Education 5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

5.1.1 International 5.1.2 Japan 5.1.3 Sister castle

6 Notable people from Himeji 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Himeji
Himeji
has been the center of Harima Province
Harima Province
since Nara period. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Ikeda Terumasa
Ikeda Terumasa
received a fief at Harima Province and established the Himeji
Himeji
Domain. He expanded the Himeji Castle and its castle town. Himeji
Himeji
was the capital of Himeji
Himeji
Prefecture (later Shikama Prefecture) since 1871, but the prefecture was merged into Hyōgo Prefecture
Hyōgo Prefecture
in 1876. The city of Himeji
Himeji
was established on April 1, 1889. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the Japanese government reportedly considered moving the nation's capital from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Himeji. On March 27, 2006, the town of Yasutomi (from Shisō District), the town of Kōdera (from Kanzaki District), and the towns of Ieshima and Yumesaki (both from Shikama District) were merged into Himeji. Air raid[edit] During World War II, Himeji
Himeji
was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command
XXI Bomber Command
because it served as an important rail terminal and contained two large military zones. On July 3, 1945 at 4:23 PM (JST), 107 Aircraft took off to bomb Himeji. During the raid, 767 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Himeji, destroying 63.3% of the built up areas of the city.[1] However, the famous Himeji Castle remained remarkably unscathed, even with one firebomb being dropped on it. [2] This has resulted in many Himeji
Himeji
residents believing that the castle is divinely protected. Climate[edit] Himeji
Himeji
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Summers are significantly wetter than winters.

Climate data for Himeji, Hyōgo

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 8.8 (47.8) 9.1 (48.4) 12.2 (54) 18.2 (64.8) 22.7 (72.9) 25.8 (78.4) 29.6 (85.3) 31.5 (88.7) 27.4 (81.3) 22.0 (71.6) 16.6 (61.9) 11.3 (52.3) 19.6 (67.28)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5 (38.3) 4.1 (39.4) 7.0 (44.6) 12.9 (55.2) 17.5 (63.5) 21.6 (70.9) 25.6 (78.1) 26.9 (80.4) 22.7 (72.9) 16.5 (61.7) 10.9 (51.6) 5.7 (42.3) 14.57 (58.24)

Average low °C (°F) −0.8 (30.6) −0.4 (31.3) 1.9 (35.4) 7.5 (45.5) 12.2 (54) 17.6 (63.7) 22.3 (72.1) 23.0 (73.4) 18.7 (65.7) 11.6 (52.9) 6.0 (42.8) 1.0 (33.8) 10.05 (50.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.7 (1.524) 51.4 (2.024) 87.2 (3.433) 131.4 (5.173) 140.5 (5.531) 208.9 (8.224) 161.7 (6.366) 100.8 (3.969) 200.2 (7.882) 103.9 (4.091) 61.0 (2.402) 32.3 (1.272) 1,318 (51.891)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 2 (0.8) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (2)

Average relative humidity (%) 70 69 68 69 71 76 78 75 76 74 74 73 72.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.4 129.8 160.8 172.6 197.0 148.1 164.5 198.1 144.0 158.1 143.5 146.1 1,908

Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Points of interest[edit] Originally a castle town, Himeji
Himeji
is home to the Himeji
Himeji
Castle, a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage
World Heritage
Site. For over 400 years, Himeji Castle
Himeji Castle
has remained intact, even throughout the extensive bombing of Himeji
Himeji
in World War II
World War II
and natural disasters such as the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and various typhoons.[4][5][6] Other attractions include the Engyō-ji
Engyō-ji
temple, Mount Seppiko, Himeji Central Park (a safari park), the Himeji City Tegarayama Botanical Garden
Himeji City Tegarayama Botanical Garden
in Tegarayama Central Park and the Koko-en Garden. Education[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2015)

Himeji's education system is similar to other cities in Japan. In the city itself, there are roughly 20-30 foreigners who teach English at the local elementary and junior high schools in the JET program. The schools range from the islands of Boze and Ie all the way north past Yumesaki. A North Korean school, Seiban North Korean Elementary and Middle School (西播朝鮮初中級学校), can also be found in the city.[7] International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan Himeji
Himeji
is twinned or has sister city relationships with six international cities and two Japanese cities, as well as a sister castle located in France. Himeji
Himeji
has a particularly strong relationship with Phoenix, as teachers from America are able to teach English abroad for 1-2 years. Additionally, the Youth Ambassador Exchange Program allows for both Japanese and American high school students to experience the cultures and languages of their respective countries for 3 weeks. [8] Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] International[edit]

Charleroi, Belgium Phoenix, United States[9] Adelaide, Australia Curitiba, Brazil Taiyuan, People's Republic of China Changwon, South Korea

Japan[edit]

Matsumoto, in Nagano Prefecture Tottori, capital city in Tottori Prefecture

Sister castle[edit]

Château de Chantilly
Château de Chantilly
in Chantilly, France

Notable people from Himeji[edit]

Kuroda Kanbei
Kuroda Kanbei
(黒田 官兵衛) (1546–1604), famed strategist under Toyotomi Hideyoshi Aya Matsuura, entertainer Psycho le Cému, visual rock band Kenzō Takada, fashion designer Tetsuro Watsuji, philosopher and historian

References[edit]

^ 21st Bomber Command Tactical Mission Report 247, 250, Ocr ^ "David Millet".  ^ " Himeji
Himeji
Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 6, 2013.  ^ "A hilltop white heron 400 years old". The Daily Yomiuri. Retrieved July 5, 2010.  ^ " Himeji Castle
Himeji Castle
starts its renovation in April". Official Tourism Guide for Japan
Japan
Travel. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ " Himeji
Himeji
Castle". Japan
Japan
Atlas. Retrieved July 5, 2010.  ^ "ウリハッキョ一覧" (Archive). Chongryon. Retrieved on October 14, 2015. ^ Sister Cities. City of Himeji. Retrieved August 24, 2008. (in Japanese) ^ "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Himeji, Hyogo.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Himeji.

Himeji
Himeji
City official website (in Japanese) Official tourism website (in English)

v t e

Hyōgo Prefecture

Kobe
Kobe
(capital)

Wards of Kobe

Chūō Higashinada Hyōgo Kita Nada Nagata Nishi Suma Tarumi

Core cities

Amagasaki Himeji Nishinomiya

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Kakogawa Takarazuka

Cities

Aioi Akō Asago Ashiya Awaji Itami Kasai Katō Kawanishi Miki Minamiawaji Nishiwaki Ono Sanda Sasayama Shisō Sumoto Takasago Tamba Tatsuno Toyooka Yabu

Akō District

Kamigōri

Ibo District

Taishi

Kako District

Harima Inami

Kanzaki District

Fukusaki Ichikawa Kamikawa

Kawabe District

Inagawa

Mikata District

Kami Shin'onsen

Sayō District

Sayō

Taka District

Taka

List of mergers in Hyōgo Prefecture

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 252613771 GND: 45047

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