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Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
(/ˈhɑːrtfərdʃɪər/ ( listen)[n 1]; often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
to the north, Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
to the north-east, Essex
Essex
to the east, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
to the west and Greater London
Greater London
to the south. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England
England
region. In 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700[2] living in an area of 634 square miles (1,640 km2).[3] Four towns have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents: Hemel Hempstead, Stevenage, Watford
Watford
and St Albans. Hertford, once the main market town for the medieval agricultural county, derives its name from a hart (stag) and a ford, used as the components of the county's coat of arms and flag. Elevations are high for the region in the north and west. These reach over 800 feet (240 m) in the western projection around Tring which is in the Chilterns. The county's borders are approximately the watersheds of the Colne and Lea; both flowing to the south; each accompanied by a canal. Hertfordshire's undeveloped land is mainly agricultural and much is protected by green belt. The county's landmarks span many centuries, ranging from the Six Hills in the new town of Stevenage
Stevenage
built by local inhabitants during the Roman period, to Leavesden Film Studios. The volume of intact medieval and Tudor buildings surpasses London, in places in well-preserved conservation areas, especially in St Albans
St Albans
which includes some remains of Verulamium, the town where in the 3rd century an early recorded British martyrdom took place. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill. His martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue background is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
is well-served with motorways and railways, providing good access to London. The largest sector of the economy of the county is in services.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Geology 2.2 Natural resources and environment 2.3 Urban areas

3 Economy 4 Landmarks

4.1 Main national footpaths 4.2 Intra-county notable footpaths

5 Transport 6 Education 7 Literature 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Hertfordshire Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
was the area assigned to a fortress constructed at Hertford
Hertford
under the rule of Edward the Elder
Edward the Elder
in 913. Hertford
Hertford
is derived from the Anglo-Saxon heort ford, meaning deer crossing (of a watercourse). The name Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
is first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
in 1011. Deer
Deer
feature in many county emblems. There is evidence of humans living in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
from the Mesolithic period. It was first farmed during the Neolithic period
Neolithic period
and permanent habitation appeared at the beginning of the Bronze Age. This was followed by tribes settling in the area during the Iron Age. Following the Roman conquest of Britain
Roman conquest of Britain
in AD 43, the aboriginal Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
quickly submitted and adapted to the Roman life; resulting in the development of several new towns, including Verulamium
Verulamium
(St Albans) where in c. 293 the first recorded British martyrdom is traditionally believed to have taken place. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill. His martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue background is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
as the yellow background to the stag or Hart representing the county. He is the Patron Saint of Hertfordshire. With the departure of the Roman Legions in the early 5th century, the now unprotected territory was invaded and colonised by the Anglo-Saxons. By the 6th century the majority of the modern county was part of the East Saxon
East Saxon
kingdom. This relatively short lived kingdom collapsed in the 9th century, ceding the territory of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to the control of the West Anglians of Mercia. The region finally became an English shire in the 10th century, on the merger of the West Saxon and Mercian kingdoms. A century later, William of Normandy received the surrender of the surviving senior English Lords and Clergy at Berkhamsted, resulting in a new Anglicised title of William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror
before embarking on an uncontested entry into London
London
and his coronation at Westminster. Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
was used for some of the new Norman castles at Bishop's Stortford, and at King's Langley, a staging post between London
London
and the royal residence of Berkhamsted. The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
recorded the county as having nine hundreds. Tring and Danais became one—Dacorum—from Danis Corum or Danish rule harking back to a Viking
Viking
not Saxon past. The other seven were Braughing, Broadwater, Cashio, Edwinstree, Hertford, Hitchin
Hitchin
and Odsey. The first shooting-down of a zeppelin over Great Britain during WW1 happened in Cuffley. [4]

Peter de Wint, Cornfields near Tring
Tring
Station, Hertfordshire, 1847, Princeton University Art Museum

As London
London
grew, Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
became conveniently close to the English capital; much of the area was owned by the nobility and aristocracy, this patronage helped to boost the local economy. However, the greatest boost to Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
came during the Industrial Revolution, after which the population rose dramatically. In 1903, Letchworth became the world's first garden city and Stevenage
Stevenage
became the first town to redevelop under the New Towns Act 1946. From the 1920s until the late 1980s, the town of Borehamwood
Borehamwood
was home to one of the major British film studio complexes, including the MGM-British Studios. Many well-known films were made here including the first three Star Wars
Star Wars
movies (IV, V, & VI). The studios generally used the name of Elstree. American director Stanley Kubrick not only used to shoot in those studios but also lived in the area until his death. Big Brother UK
Big Brother UK
and Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? have been filmed there. EastEnders
EastEnders
is filmed at Elstree. Hertfordshire has seen development at Leavesden Film Studios
Leavesden Film Studios
developed on the Leavesden Aerodome site; the Harry Potter series was filmed here and the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye.[5] On 17 October 2000, the Hatfield rail crash
Hatfield rail crash
killed four people with over 70 injured. The crash exposed the shortcomings of Railtrack, which consequently saw speed restrictions and major track replacement. On 10 May 2002, the second of the Potters Bar rail accidents
Potters Bar rail accidents
occurred killing seven people; the train was at high speed when it derailed and flipped into the air when one of the carriages slid along the platform where it came to rest. In early December 2005, the 2005 Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
fuel depot explosions occurred at the Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Oil Storage Terminal. In 2012, the canoe and kayak slalom events of the 2012 Summer Olympic Games took place in the town of Waltham Cross, within the borough of Broxbourne. Geography[edit] Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
is the county immediately north of London
London
and is part of the East of England
England
region, a mainly statistical unit.[6] A significant minority of the population across all districts are City of London
London
commuters. To the east is Essex, to the west is Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
and to the north are Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
and Cambridgeshire. The county's boundaries were roughly fixed by the Counties (Detached Parts) Act 1844 which eliminated exclaves; amended when, in 1965 under the London
London
Government Act 1963, East Barnet Urban District
East Barnet Urban District
and Barnet Urban District were abolished, their area was transferred to form part of the present-day London
London
Borough of Barnet and the Potters Bar
Potters Bar
Urban District of Middlesex
Middlesex
was transferred to Hertfordshire. The highest point in the county is at 245 metres (804 ft) (AOD) on the Ridgeway long distance national path, on the border of Hastoe near Tring
Tring
with Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire. As at the 2011 census of the ten Districts, East Hertfordshire
East Hertfordshire
had the minimal, 290 people per km², whereas Watford
Watford
had the maximal 4210 people per km² An unofficial status, the purple star-shaped flower with yellow stamens, the Pasqueflower is among endemic county flowers.[7] Geology[edit] Main article: Geology of Hertfordshire The rocks of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
belong to the great shallow syncline known as the London
London
Basin. The beds dip in a south-easterly direction towards the syncline's lowest point roughly under the River Thames. The most important formations are the Cretaceous
Cretaceous
Chalk, exposed as the high ground in the north and west of the county, forming the Chiltern Hills and the younger Palaeocene, Reading Beds
Reading Beds
and Eocene, London
London
Clay which occupy the remaining southern part. The eastern half of the county was covered by glaciers during the Ice Age
Ice Age
and has a superficial layer of glacial boulder clays. Natural resources and environment[edit] Despite the spread of built areas, much of the county is given over to agriculture. One product, now largely defunct, was water-cress, based in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
supported by reliable, clean chalk rivers.[citation needed] Some quarrying of sand and gravel occurs in the St Albans
St Albans
area. In the past, clay has supplied local brick-making and still does in Bovingdon, just south-west of Hemel Hempstead. The chalk that is the bedrock of much of the county provides an aquifer that feeds streams and is also exploited to provide water supplies for much of the county and beyond. Chalk
Chalk
has also been used as a building material and, once fired, the resultant lime was spread on agricultural land to improve fertility. The mining of chalk since the early 18th century has left unrecorded underground galleries that occasionally collapse unexpectedly and endanger buildings.[8] Fresh water is supplied to London
London
from Ware, using the New River built by Hugh Myddleton
Hugh Myddleton
and opened in 1613. Local rivers, although small, supported developing industries such as paper production at Nash Mills.[citation needed] Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
affords habitat for a variety of flora and fauna. One bird common in the shire is the Royston crow, which is the eponymous name of the regional newspaper, the Royston Crow published in Royston. Urban areas[edit] See also: List of places in Hertfordshire, List of settlements in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
by population, and List of lost settlements in Hertfordshire In November 2013, the uSwitch Quality of Life Index listed Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
as the third-best place to live in the UK.[9]

Baldock

Berkhamsted

Bishop's Stortford

Borehamwood

Broxbourne

Buntingford

Bushey

Cheshunt

Harpenden

Hatfield

Hemel Hempstead

Hertford

Hitchin

Hoddesdon

Letchworth

Potters Bar

Rickmansworth

Royston

Sawbridgeworth

Stevenage

St Albans

Tring

Waltham Cross

Ware

Watford

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Barnet

Enfield

Harlow

Amersham

High Wycombe

Luton

Stanmore

Main towns in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and environs

Economy[edit]

View of one of the buildings at Hatfield Business Park, currently the headquarters of EE.

This is a table of trends of regional gross value added of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
at current basic prices with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.[10]

Year Regional Gross Value Added[n 2] Agriculture[n 3] Industry[n 4] Services[n 5]

1995 11,742 96 3,292 8,354

2000 18,370 77 4,138 14,155

2003 20,937 82 4,348 16,507

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
has headquarters of many large well-known UK companies. Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
is home to DSG International. Welwyn Garden City
Welwyn Garden City
hosts Tesco, as well as Roche UK's headquarters (subsidiary of the Swiss pharmaceutical firm Hoffman-La Roche) and Cereal Partners
Cereal Partners
production facilities, Pure the DAB radio maker is based in Kings Langley. JD Wetherspoon is in Watford. Skanska
Skanska
is in Rickmansworth, GlaxoSmithKline
GlaxoSmithKline
has plants in Ware and Stevenage. Hatfield used to be connected with the aircraft industry, as it was where de Havilland developed the world's first commercial jet liner, the Comet. Now the site is a business park and new campus for the University of Hertfordshire. This major new employment site is home to, among others, EE, Computacenter
Computacenter
and Ocado. A subsidiary of BAE Systems
BAE Systems
and Finmeccanica
Finmeccanica
in Stevenage, MBDA, develops missiles. In the same town Airbus (Defence & Space Division) produces satellites. The National Pharmacy Association (NPA), the trade association for all of the UK's community pharmacies, is based in St Albans. Warner Bros. also owns and runs Warner Studios in Leavesden. Landmarks[edit]

Ashridge
Ashridge
house

St Albans
St Albans
Abbey

University of Hertfordshire

Bluebells in Dockey Wood

The Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Making of Harry Potter Studio Tour at Leavesden

Below is a list of notable visitor attractions in Hertfordshire:

Aldenham
Aldenham
Country Park Ashridge. The estate surrounding the neo-Gothic house by James Wyatt (not open to the public) is National Trust land

Bridgewater Monument
Bridgewater Monument
built in 1832 in memory of Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater. 108 feet (33 m) tall and open to the public to ascend to the top

Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
Castle Butterfly World, Chiswell Green Cedars Park, Broxbourne
Broxbourne
– a historic public park on the site of a Tudor palace de Havilland Aircraft Heritage Centre, between London
London
Colney and South Mimms Gardens of the Rose, Chiswell Green, near St Albans. Home of the Royal National Rose Society Hatfield

Hatfield House
Hatfield House
– Jacobean house, gardens and park Mill Green Watermill
Mill Green Watermill
in Hatfield

Henry Moore
Henry Moore
Foundation, Much Hadham
Much Hadham
– sculpture park on the work of Henry Moore Knebworth
Knebworth
House, 250 acres (1.0 km2) of country park, venue of regular rock and pop festivals Leavesden Film Studios, home of the Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Making of Harry Potter studio tour Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City World's first Garden City. Home of the first planned Green Belt, the UK's first roundabout, and a number of experiments in early town planning and house and factory design

Spirella
Spirella
Building

Magic Roundabout
Roundabout
(Hemel Hempstead) a complex road junction Royston Cave
Royston Cave
– in Royston town centre Rye House Gatehouse
Rye House Gatehouse
in Hoddesdon
Hoddesdon
(part of the Rye House Plot
Rye House Plot
to assassinate King Charles II) St Albans

Beech Bottom Dyke
Beech Bottom Dyke
– large scale iron age defensive or boundary ditch Sopwell Nunnery St Albans
St Albans
Cathedral Verulamium
Verulamium
– Roman town remains, including museum of Roman life and the remains of a Roman amphitheatre

Scott's Grotto, Ware in its protected rural buffer area Shaw's Corner, Ayot St Lawrence
Ayot St Lawrence
– home of George Bernard Shaw Stevenage
Stevenage
– the first UK New Town

Six Hills
Six Hills
Roman barrows site

Therfield Heath
Therfield Heath
– a local nature reserve in the north of the county University of Hertfordshire
University of Hertfordshire
– a public research university based in Hatfield Welwyn Viaduct
Welwyn Viaduct
to the north of Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum, Tring
Tring
a museum-annotated collection of dead mammals, birds, reptiles and insects. Watford
Watford
Museum, fine art and local artefacts

Main national footpaths[edit]

The Ridgeway Icknield Way Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
Walk Harcamlow Way Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Way

Intra-county notable footpaths[edit]

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Chain Walk

Transport[edit]

Junction of the M1 and M25 near Hemel Hempstead

Thameslink and Great Northern
Thameslink and Great Northern
provide frequent train services through Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
on the Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line
and East Coast Main Line

Bridge 168 on the Grand Union Canal

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
lies across major road and rail routes connecting London to the Midlands, Northern England
England
and Scotland. As one of the home counties, many towns in the county form part of the London
London
commuter belt. The county has some of the principal roads in England: A1, A1(M), A5, A6, A41, M1, M11, and M25. Four principal national railway lines pass through the county:

the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
from London
London
Euston. London
London
Midland provides local commuter and regional services in the far west of the county. Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
also operates high speed inter-city services via Watford Junction to the Midlands, North Wales, the North West England
England
and Scotland the East Coast Main Line
East Coast Main Line
from London
London
King's Cross. Local commuter and regional services are provided by Great Northern. Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
East Coast runs high speed inter-city services via Stevenage
Stevenage
to Yorkshire, North East England
England
and Scotland the Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line
which forms part of the Thameslink route between Bedford
Bedford
and Brighton
Brighton
via Central London
London
with services are provided by Thameslink. East Midlands Trains
East Midlands Trains
also provide inter-city services along the line from London
London
St. Pancras to the East Midlands
East Midlands
and Yorkshire the West Anglia Main Line
West Anglia Main Line
from London
London
Liverpool Street. Local commuter and regional services are provided by Greater Anglia mainly in the east of the county

A number of other local rail routes also cross Hertfordshire:

the London
London
to Aylesbury
Aylesbury
Line from London
London
Marylebone runs via Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
and Chorleywood the Abbey Line, a local line from Watford
Watford
to St Albans
St Albans
Abbey the Cambridge Line, a branch of the East Coast line which runs via Royston and Letchworth
Letchworth
to Cambridge

Three commuter lines operated by Transport for London
London
enter the county:

the Lea Valley Lines, a suburban metro line from Liverpool Street to Cheshunt
Cheshunt
via Seven Sisters the Watford
Watford
DC Line, a suburban metro line from Euston to Watford Junction five stations on the London
London
Underground Metropolitan line— Chorleywood, Croxley, Moor Park, Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
and Watford
Watford
— are in Hertfordshire.

Stansted and Luton
Luton
are within 10 miles (16 km) of the county's borders. A commercial airfield is at Elstree
Elstree
for light aircraft. The Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
passes through much of the far west of Hertfordshire: Rickmansworth, Watford, Hemel Hempstead, Berkhamsted and Tring. Local bus services are run by a number of private operators. Intalink is an organisation run by the county council that manages transport and funds bus services in rural areas.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Transport in Hertfordshire.

Education[edit]

St George's School

See also: List of schools in Hertfordshire Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
has 26 independent schools and 73 state secondary schools. The state secondary schools are entirely comprehensive, although 7 schools in the south and southwest of the county are partially selective (see Education in Watford). All state schools have sixth forms, and there are no sixth form colleges. The tertiary colleges, each with multiple campuses, are Hertford
Hertford
Regional College, North Hertfordshire
North Hertfordshire
College, Oaklands College
Oaklands College
and West Herts College. The University of Hertfordshire
University of Hertfordshire
is a modern university based largely in Hatfield. It has more than 23,000 students. Literature[edit] Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
is the location of Jack Worthing's country house in Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest. Jane Austen's novel Pride and Prejudice
Pride and Prejudice
is primarily set in Hertfordshire. The location of Mr Jarndyce's Bleak House
Bleak House
in Charles Dickens's Bleak House is near St Albans. The eponymous residence in E. M. Forster's novel, Howards End
Howards End
was based on Rooks Nest House
Rooks Nest House
just outside Stevenage.[11] George Orwell
George Orwell
based Animal Farm
Animal Farm
on Wallington, Hertfordshire
Wallington, Hertfordshire
where he lived between 1936 and 1940. Manor Farm and The Great Barn both feature in the novel. See also[edit]

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
portal

Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire High Sheriff of Hertfordshire Custos Rotulorum of Hertfordshire – Keeper of the Rolls Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency) – Historical list of MPs for Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
constituency List of Jewish communities in Hertfordshire Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
GAA

Notes[edit]

^ Less commonly today also /ˈhɑːrtfərdʃər/ ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding ^ includes hunting and forestry ^ includes energy and construction ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

References[edit]

^ " Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
2017/2018". High Sheriffs Association. Retrieved 9 June 2017.  ^ "Resident Population". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Local Information System. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ "Area Measurements". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Local Information System. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ " Zeppelin
Zeppelin
Raids - Herts at War". www.hertsatwar.co.uk. Retrieved 23 January 2017.  ^ [1] Archived 7 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "The East of England". East of England
England
Local Government Association. Retrieved 23 January 2012.  ^ "Wild Plants: Pasqueflower" Plantlife. Retrieved 26 February 2015 ^ "About the chalk mines". Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Council. 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2009.  ^ Hassan, Jafar. "UK Quality of Life Index". uSwitch. Retrieved 14 November 2013.  ^ Regional Gross Value Added Archived 1 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine., Office for National Statistics, pp. 240–253. ^ Forster, E. M. (Edward Morgan) (1 November 2001). "Howards End" – via Project Gutenberg. 

External links[edit]

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Hertfordshire County Council
Hertfordshire County Council
website

Neighbouring counties

Bedfordshire Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire

Bedfordshire Buckinghamshire

Hertfordshire

Essex

Buckinghamshire Greater London Essex

v t e

Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Portal

Boroughs or districts

Borough of Broxbourne Borough of Dacorum District of East Hertfordshire Borough of Hertsmere District of North Hertfordshire City and District of St Albans Borough of Stevenage District of Three Rivers Borough of Watford Borough of Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Major settlements

Baldock Berkhamsted Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Broxbourne Buntingford Bushey Cheshunt Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Hertford Hitchin Hoddesdon Letchworth Potters Bar Rickmansworth Royston Sawbridgeworth St Albans Stevenage Tring Waltham Cross Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire

Topics

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council

Elections

Flag Parliamentary constituencies European Parliament constituency Boundary changes Places Settlements by population Lost settlements SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills King George V Playing Fields

v t e

1974–1996 ←   Ceremonial counties of England   → current

Bedfordshire Berkshire Bristol Buckinghamshire Cambridgeshire Cheshire Cornwall Cumbria Derbyshire Devon Dorset Durham East Riding of Yorkshire East Sussex Essex Gloucestershire Greater London Greater Manchester Hampshire Herefordshire Hertfordshire Isle of Wight Kent Lancashire Leicestershire Lincolnshire City of London Merseyside Norfolk Northamptonshire Northumberland North Yorkshire Nottinghamshire Oxfordshire Rutland Shropshire Somerset South Yorkshire Staffordshire Suffolk Surrey Tyne and Wear Warwickshire West Midlands West Sussex West Yorkshire Wiltshire Worcestershire

v t e

London
London
commuter belt

Home counties

Berkshire Buckinghamshire Essex Hertfordshire Kent Surrey

Urban areas

Greater London
Greater London
Built-up Area Reading/ Wokingham
Wokingham
Urban Area Southend Urban Area Farnborough/ Aldershot
Aldershot
Built-up Area Luton/ Dunstable
Dunstable
Urban Area High Wycombe
High Wycombe
Urban Area Medway
Medway
Towns Urban Area

Cities and towns (100k+)

Chelmsford Crawley Guildford High Wycombe London Luton Maidstone Reading Slough Southend-on-Sea

Towns (25k–99k)

Aldershot Ashford, Surrey Aylesbury Basildon Basingstoke Billericay Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Bracknell Brentwood Burgess Hill Camberley Canvey Island Chatham Cheshunt Dartford Dunstable Epsom Ewell Earley Farnborough Farnham Fleet Gillingham Gravesend Grays Harlow Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Horsham Hitchin Leighton Buzzard Letchworth Loughton Maidenhead Rayleigh Redhill Rochester Royal Tunbridge Wells Sittingbourne St Albans Stevenage Strood Sunbury-on-Thames Tonbridge Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City Wickford Windsor Woking Wokingham Woodley

Towns (10k–25k)

Addlestone Amersham Ashtead Baldock Beaconsfield Berkhamsted Broxbourne Buckhurst Hill Bushey Chertsey Chesham Chigwell Corringham Croxley Green Dorking East Grinstead East Malling Englefield Green Epping Frimley Frogmore Godalming Hadleigh Haywards Heath Hertford Hoddesdon Horley Houghton Regis Knaphill Marlow Potters Bar Reigate Rickmansworth Rochford Sandhurst Sevenoaks Snodland Shepperton South Benfleet Southborough, Kent Staines-upon-Thames Stanford-le-Hope Stanwell Swanley Thundersley Tilbury Tring Waltham Abbey Waltham Cross Yateley

v t e

Local authorities in Hertfordshire

County council

Hertfordshire

District councils

Broxbourne Dacorum East Hertfordshire Hertsmere North Hertfordshire St Albans Stevenage Three Rivers Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree
Elstree
and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London
London
Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of places in Hertfordshire

v t e

Listed buildings in Hertfordshire

Grade I

Broxbourne

Eleanor Cross Wormleybury

Dacorum

130–136 Piccott's End Ashridge
Ashridge
Business School Beechwood Park Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
School Old Building St Mary's Church, Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Aston Bury
Aston Bury
Manor Balls Park Benington Castle
Benington Castle
(remains) Hertford
Hertford
Castle Gatehouse Hunsdon
Hunsdon
House Rye House Gatehouse Scott's Grotto Shire Hall, Hertford St James' Church, Stanstead Abbotts St Leonard's Church, Bengeo St Mary's Church, Ware St Mary the Virgin's Church, Little Hormead Waytemore Castle
Waytemore Castle
(remains) Woodhall Park (Heath Mount School)

Hertsmere

Tyttenhanger House

North Hertfordshire

Holy Trinity Church, Weston St Katharine's Church, Ickleford St Mary's Church, Ashwell St Mary's Church, Baldock St Mary's Church, Hitchin St Mary and St Thomas's Church, Knebworth Royston Cave

St Albans

Clock Tower Old Gorhambury House
Old Gorhambury House
(remains) Rothamsted Manor St Albans
St Albans
Cathedral St Helen's Church, Wheathampstead St Mary's Church, Redbourn St Michael's Church, St Albans Verulamium

Three Rivers

Moor Park

Watford

Holy Rood Church, Watford St Mary's Church, Watford

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Brocket Hall Hatfield House/Old Palace New St Lawrence Church, Ayot St Lawrence

Grade II*

Broxbourne

Rawdon House Theobalds House

Dacorum

173 High Street, Berkhamsted Ashlyns Hall The Bury, Hemel Hempstead Cell Park Dean Incent's House Gaddesden Place Golden Parsonage St Peter's Church, Great Berkhamstead Tring
Tring
Park Mansion

East Hertfordshire

All Nations Christian College All Saints' Church, Hertford Almshouses, Buntingford Bayfordbury Chapel at St Edmund's College, Ware County Hall Cromer Windmill Fanhams Hall Goldings Haileybury and Imperial Service College Hare Street House Hanbury Manor Marden Hill
Marden Hill
House Much Hadham
Much Hadham
Palace St Andrew's Church, Buckland Stansted Hall Youngsbury
Youngsbury
Stable Block

Hertsmere

Aldenham
Aldenham
House Hilfield Castle Lululaund Salisbury Hall Wrotham Park

North Hertfordshire

All Saints Church, Radwell All Saints Church, Willian The Cloisters, Letchworth St Nicholas' Church, Hinxworth Hinxworth
Hinxworth
Place Homewood, Knebworth Knebworth
Knebworth
House Princess Helena College Spirella
Spirella
Building St Margaret of Antioch's Church, Bygrave St Martin's Church, Knebworth St Mary Magdalene's Church, Caldecote St Paul's Walden
St Paul's Walden
Bury St Vincent's Church, Newnham

St Albans

All Saints Pastoral Centre Court House, St Albans New Gorhambury House Redbournbury Mill St Leonard's Church, Sandridge St Nicholas Church, Harpenden St Peter's Church, St Albans St Stephen's Church, St Albans Westwick Cottage

Three Rivers

Hunton Park Langleybury Oxhey Chapel Redheath

Watford

The Grove The Mrs Elizabeth Fuller Free School building

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Digswell Viaduct Old St Lawrence Church, Ayot St Lawrence Shaw's Corner

Other boroughs

Stevenage

Grade II

Broxbourne

Broxbourne
Broxbourne
railway station Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Great House (remains)

Dacorum

Ashlyns School Goldfield Mill The Green Dragon, Flaunden Inns of Court War Memorial The Mansion, Berkhamsted Pendley Manor Rex Cinema Rossway Shendish Manor Stocks House St John's Church, Boxmoor

East Hertfordshire

All Saints' Church, Hockerill Benson Memorial Church Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
Windmill Buntingford
Buntingford
Manor House Button Snap Christ Church, Ware Hertford
Hertford
Museum Tooke House Hopper's Hall The Horns, Bull's Green Little Munden Primary School Panshanger orangery, conservatory and stables Red House, Buntingford Rowneybury House St John's Church, Letty Green The Tilbury, Datchworth The White Horse, Burnham Green The White Horse, Hertford

Hertsmere

Bhaktivedanta Manor The Chequers, Potters Bar Duke of York, Potters Bar Dyrham Park Country Club The Green Man, Potters Bar Ladbrooke School The Lion, Potters Bar Oakmere House Potters Bar
Potters Bar
War Memorial Shenley Hall Shenley Lodge Wall Hall The White Hart, South Mimms The White Horse, Potters Bar Wyllyotts Manor

North Hertfordshire

Ashwell Bury Ashwell War Memorial Breachwood Green Mill British Schools Museum Lannock Mill, Weston Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City railway station Lytton Mausoleum Minsden Chapel Putteridge Bury St George's Church, Letchworth St Nicholas' Church, Norton St Mary's Church, Letchworth Stagenhoe

St Albans

The Blue Anchor The Boot Childwickbury Manor The Cock Colney Heath
Colney Heath
Mill Fleur de Lys Hare and Hounds The Lower Red Lion The Old Kings Arms Ye Olde Fighting Cocks The Queen's Head, Sandridge Rose and Crown The Six Bells St Albans
St Albans
School Sopwell House Sopwell Nunnery
Sopwell Nunnery
(ruins) Verulam House The White Lion

Stevenage

The Barclay School The Thomas Alleyne Academy Trigg's Barn/37 High Street, Stevenage

Three Rivers

Croxley Green
Croxley Green
Windmill

Watford

High Elms Manor St John's Church, Watford Watford
Watford
Grammar School for Boys Watford
Watford
Palace Theatre

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

The Beehive, Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City The Brocket Arms Digswell House The Eight Bells, Hatfield Hope and Anchor, Welham Green The Horse and Groom, Hatfield The Green Man, Hatfield The Red Lion, Hatfield Tolmers Park The Wrestlers, Hatfield

v t e

Pubs in Hertfordshire

Dacorum

Green Dragon, Flaunden

East Hertfordshire

The Horns, Bull's Green The Tilbury, Datchworth White Horse, Burnham Green White Horse, Hertford

Hertsmere

Chequers, Potters Bar Duke of York, Ganwick Corner Green Man, Potters Bar The Lion, Potters Bar Oakmere House, Potters Bar White Hart, South Mimms White Horse, Potters Bar Wyllyotts Manor, Potters Bar

St Albans

Blue Anchor The Boot The Cock Fleur de Lys Hare and Hounds Lower Red Lion Old Kings Arms The Peahen Queens Head Rose and Crown Six Bells White Lion Ye Olde Fighting Cocks

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

The Beehive, Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City Brocket Arms, Ayot St Lawrence Eight Bells, Hatfield Horse and Groom, Hatfield Hope and Anchor, Welham Green Green Man, Hatfield Red Lion, Hatfield The Wrestlers, Hatfield

 Category

v t e

Rivers and watercourses of Hertfordshire

Ash Bayford Brook Beane Bulbourne Chess Colne Cuffley Brook Gade Hiz Ivel Lea River Lee Flood Relief Channel Lee Navigation Mimram New River Oughton Pix Brook Quin Rhee or Cam Rib Stort Stort Navigation Small River Lea Ver

v t e

Sites of Special
Special
Scientific Interest in Hertfordshire

Biological

Aldbury
Aldbury
Nowers Alpine Meadow Amwell Quarry Ashridge
Ashridge
Commons and Woods Ashwell Springs Benington High Wood Blagrove Common Bricket Wood Common Croxley Common Moor Frogmore Meadows Great Hormead Park Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hunsdon
Hunsdon
Mead Knebworth
Knebworth
Woods Moor Hall Meadows Northaw Great Wood Oddy Hill and Tring
Tring
Park Patmore Heath Plashes Wood Redwell Wood Roughdown Common Rye Meads Sarratt
Sarratt
Bottom Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
Marsh Sherrardspark Wood Tewinbury Therfield
Therfield
Heath Thorley Flood Pound Tring
Tring
Reservoirs Tring
Tring
Woodlands Turnford and Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Pits Wain Wood Water End Swallow Holes Whippendell Wood Wormley-Hoddesdonpark Wood North Wormley-Hoddesdonpark Wood South

Geological

Castle Lime Works Quarry Downfield Pit, Westmill Hillcollins Pit Little Heath Pit Moor Mill Quarry, West Oughtonhead Lane Westwood Quarry

v t e

Local Nature Reserves in Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Park Top Field and Cozens Grove

Dacorum

Howe Grove Wood Shrubhill Common

East Hertfordshire

Waterford Heath

Hertsmere

Fisher's Field Furzefield Wood and Lower Halfpenny Hilfield Park Reservoir

North Hertfordshire

Ivel Springs Norton Common Oughtonhead Common Purwell Meadows Therfield
Therfield
Heath Weston Hills

St Albans

Batford Springs Colney Heath Marshalls Heath Watercress Wildlife Site Wheathampstead The Wick

Three Rivers

Chorleywood
Chorleywood
Common Chorleywood
Chorleywood
House Estate Croxley Common Moor Oxhey Woods Prestwick Road Meadows Rickmansworth
Rickmansworth
Aquadrome Stockers Lake The Withey Beds

Watford

Albans Wood Cassiobury Park Garston Park Harebreaks Wood The Lairage Land

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

The Commons Danesbury Park Howe Dell Mardley Heath Northaw Great Wood
Northaw Great Wood
Country Park Oxleys Wood Sherrardspark Wood Singlers Marsh Sta

.