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Henry Martin "Scoop" Jackson (May 31, 1912 – September 1, 1983) was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative (1941–1953) and U.S. Senator (1953–1983) from the state of Washington. A Cold War liberal and anti-Communist Democrat, Jackson supported higher military spending and a hard line against the Soviet Union, while also supporting social welfare programs, civil rights, and labor unions.[1] Born in Everett, Washington
Everett, Washington
to Norwegian immigrants, Jackson practiced law in Everett after graduating from the University of Washington School of Law. He won election to Congress in 1940 and joined the Senate in 1953 after defeating incumbent Republican Senator Harry P. Cain. Jackson supported the major civil rights of the 1960s and authored the National Environmental Policy Act, which helped establish the principle of publicly analyzing environmental impacts. He co-sponsored the Jackson–Vanik amendment, which denied normal trade relations to countries with restrictive emigration policies. Jackson served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources from 1963 to 1981. He was twice an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, in 1972 and 1976. While still serving in the Senate, Jackson died in 1983. His political beliefs were characterized by support of civil rights, human rights, and safeguarding the environment, but with an equally strong commitment to oppose totalitarianism in general, and communism in particular.[2] The political philosophies and positions of Scoop Jackson have been cited as an influence on a number of key figures associated with neoconservatism, including Paul Wolfowitz
Paul Wolfowitz
and Richard Perle, both of whom previously served as aides to the Senator.[1] The Henry Jackson Society
Henry Jackson Society
is named in his honor.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career 3 In Congress

3.1 Criticism

4 Presidential campaigns

4.1 1972 presidential campaign 4.2 1976 presidential campaign

5 Death 6 Legacy

6.1 Influence on neoconservatism 6.2 The Henry Jackson Society 6.3 Jackson Papers controversy

7 Electoral history 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

10.1 Archives

Early life[edit] He was born in the home of his parents, Marine (Anderson) and Peter Jackson, in Everett, Washington. Both parents were immigrants from Norway. Peter Jackson was born Peter Gresseth, and changed his name when he immigrated. He met Marine at the Lutheran church in Everett, where they were married in 1897. Henry was the fifth and youngest of the Jackson children. Jackson was nicknamed "Scoop" by his sister in his childhood after a comic strip character that he was said to have resembled. He went on to graduate with a bachelor's degree from Stanford University and a law degree from the University of Washington, where he joined the Delta Chi
Delta Chi
fraternity. Early career[edit] In 1935, the year of his law school graduation, he was admitted to the bar and began to practice law in Everett. He found immediate success and was elected to become the prosecuting attorney for Snohomish County from 1938 to 1940, where he made a name for himself prosecuting bootleggers and gamblers. In 1961, Jackson, called by Time the Senate's "most eligible bachelor,"[3] married Helen Hardin, a 28-year-old Senate receptionist, but Jackson did not move out of his childhood home, where he lived with his unmarried sisters, for several years. The Jacksons had two children, Anna Marie Laurence and Peter Jackson; Peter was most recently a speechwriter for Governor Christine Gregoire. In Congress[edit] Jackson successfully ran for Congress as a Democrat in 1940 and took his seat in the House of Representatives with the 77th Congress on January 3, 1941. From then on, Jackson did not lose any congressional election. Jackson joined the Army when the United States entered World War II but left when Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
ordered all representatives to return home or resign their seats. He visited the Buchenwald concentration camp a few days after its liberation in 1945. He attended the International Maritime Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1945 with the American delegation, and he was elected president of the same conference in 1946, when it was held in Seattle, Washington. From 1945 to 1947, Jackson was also the chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs. In the 1952 election, Jackson relinquished his seat in the House for a run for one of Washington's Senate seats. Jackson soundly defeated Republican Senator Harry P. Cain
Harry P. Cain
and remained a senator for over thirty years. He was Washington's first U.S. Senator to be born in the state. Jackson died in office in 1983 after winning re-election for the fifth time in 1982. Though Jackson opposed the excesses of Joe McCarthy, who had traveled to Washington State to campaign against him, he also criticized Dwight Eisenhower for not spending enough on national defense. Jackson called for more inter-continental ballistic missiles in the national arsenal, and his support for nuclear weapons resulted in a primary challenge from the left in 1958, when he handily defeated Seattle peace activist Alice Franklin Bryant before winning re-election with 67 percent of the vote, which he topped the next four times he ran for re-election.[1][4] During the 1960 Democratic presidential primary, Jackson was the first choice of fellow Senator John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
for a running mate, though JFK became convinced that a Southerner would better balance the ticket.[5] Lyndon Johnson
Lyndon Johnson
was later selected. Jackson boasted one of the strongest records on civil rights during the civil rights movement.[6][7] He supported the 1957 and the 1964 Civil Rights Acts. In April 1968, responding to the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., Jackson gave a speech about the legacy and injustice of inequality.[8] In 1963, Jackson was made chairman of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, which became the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in 1977, a position he held until 1981. In the 1970s, Jackson joined with fellow senators Ernest Hollings
Ernest Hollings
and Edward Kennedy in a press conference to oppose President Gerald Ford's request for Congress to end Richard Nixon's price controls on domestic oil, which had provoked oil companies into withholding gasoline during the 1973 Oil Crisis.[9][10] Kaufman writes that after 1968, Jackson "emerged as an intellectual and political leader in the perennial struggle of U.S. foreign policy to reconcile ideals with self-interest."[5] Jackson authored the National Environmental Policy Act, which has been called one of the most influential environmental laws in history. It helped to stimulate similar laws and the principle of publicly analyzed environmental impact in other states and in much of the world.[11] Jackson was also a leader of the fight for statehood for Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii. In 1974, Jackson sponsored the Jackson-Vanik amendment in the Senate (with Charles Vanik
Charles Vanik
sponsoring it in the House), which denied normal trade relations to certain countries with non-market economies that restricted the freedom of emigration. The amendment was intended to help refugees, particularly minorities, specifically Jews, to emigrate from the Soviet Bloc. Jackson and his assistant, Richard Perle, also lobbied personally for some people who were affected by this law such as Anatoly (now Natan) Sharansky. In March 1975, Jackson released a statement in which he expressed the view that it was paramount the Franklin Peroff case be found out to be either "an aberation or was symptomatic of much greater problem" within the Drug Enforcement Administration.[12] In June 1975, Jackson stated that if accounts about the conduct of former director of the Drug Enforcement Agency John R. Bartels Jr. were correct then his actions amounted to obstruction of justice and that evidence disclosed "in the last two days would indicate that there was a conscious, premeditated plan involving misconduct at the highest levels of the D.E.A."[13] In July 1977, the Senate approved a funding for the experimental nuclear reactor compromise proposal by Jackson and Idaho Senator Frank Church. While the initial version by President Carter sought a decrease in funding from 150 million to 33 million, the Jackson and Church measure halved the funding to 75 million.[14] In 1979, after the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee voted in favor of the Alaska
Alaska
public lands legislation, President Jimmy Carter issued a statement thanking Jackson and other members for supporting the legislation.[15] Jackson also led the opposition within the Democratic Party against the SALT II treaty and was one of the leading proponents of increased foreign aid to Israel. For decades, Democrats who support a strong international presence for the United States have been called "Scoop Jackson Democrats," and the term is still used to describe contemporary Democrats such as Joe Lieberman and R. James Woolsey, Jr.[16][17] Jackson served for all but the last three years of his Senate tenure with Democratic colleague Warren G. Magnuson. As a result, he spent 28 years as the state's junior Senator, even though he had more seniority than all but a few of his colleagues. "Scoop" and "Maggie," as they affectionately called each other, gave Washington clout in national politics well beyond its population. They were one of the most effective delegations in the history of the Senate in terms of "bringing home the bacon" for their home state. Washington received nearly a sixth of public works appropriations but ranked only 23rd in population.[18] Criticism[edit] Jackson was known as a hawkish Democrat. He was often criticized for his support for the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
and his close ties to the defense industries of his state. His proposal of Fort Lawton
Fort Lawton
as a site for an anti-ballistic missile system was strongly opposed by local residents, and Jackson was forced to modify his position on the location of the site several times, but continued to support ABM development. American Indian rights activists who protested Jackson's plan to give Fort Lawton to Seattle, instead of returning it to local tribes, staged a sit-in. In the eventual compromise, most of Fort Lawton
Fort Lawton
became Discovery Park, with 20 acres (8.1 ha) leased to United Indians of All Tribes, who opened the Daybreak Star Cultural Center
Daybreak Star Cultural Center
there in 1977. Opponents derided him as "the Senator from Boeing"[19] and a "whore for Boeing"[20] because of his consistent support for additional military spending on weapons systems and accusations of wrongful contributions from the company; in 1965, 80% of Boeing's contracts were military.[1][18] Jackson and Magnuson's campaigning for an expensive government supersonic transport plane project eventually failed. After his death, critics pointed to Jackson's support for Japanese American internment camps during World War II
World War II
as a reason to protest the placement of his bust at the University of Washington.[21] Jackson was both an enthusiastic defender of the evacuation and a staunch proponent of the campaign to keep the Japanese-Americans from returning to the Pacific Coast after the war.[22] Presidential campaigns[edit] Jackson not only was successful as a politician in Washington State but also found recognition on the national level, rising to the position of chairman of the Democratic National Committee
Democratic National Committee
in 1960 after he was considered for the vice presidential ticket spot that eventually went to fellow Senator Lyndon Johnson. Jackson ran for president twice, and both campaigns were noted for the hostile reception they received from the left wing of the Democratic Party. Jackson's one-on-one campaigning skills, which were so successful in Washington State, did not translate as well on the national stage. Even his supporters admitted that he suffered from a certain lack of charisma.[1][23][24] 1972 presidential campaign[edit] Jackson was little known nationally when he first ran in 1972. George McGovern, who eventually won the nomination, even accused Jackson of racism for his opposition to busing despite Jackson's longstanding record on civil rights issues. Jackson's high point in the campaign was a distant third in the early Florida primary, but he failed to stand out of the pack of better-known rivals, and he made real news only later in the campaign, as part of the "Stop McGovern" coalition, which raised what would be known as the "Acid, Amnesty and Abortion" questions about McGovern. Jackson suspended active campaigning in May after a weak showing in the Ohio primary and finishing well behind McGovern, Ed Muskie, George Wallace, and Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
in early primaries. Jackson re-emerged at the August Democratic convention after the runner-up, Humphrey, dropped out of the race. Jackson's name was placed in nomination by Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter, and he finished second in the delegate roll call, well behind nominee McGovern.[24][25] 1976 presidential campaign[edit] Jackson raised his national profile by speaking out on Soviet-U.S. relations and Middle East policy regularly, and he was considered a front-runner for the nomination when he announced the start of his campaign in February 1975. Jackson received substantial financial support from Jewish-Americans who admired his pro- Israel
Israel
views, but his support of the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
resulted in hostility from the left wing of the Democratic Party. Jackson chose to run on social issues, emphasizing law and order and his opposition to busing. He was hoping for support from labor, but the possibility that Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
might enter the race caused unions to offer only lukewarm support.[1][23][24][26] Jackson made the fateful decision not to compete in the early Iowa caucus and New Hampshire primary, which Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
won after liberals split their votes among four other candidates. Though Jackson won the Massachusetts and New York primaries, he dropped out on May 1 after losing the critical Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
primary to Carter by 12% and running out of money.[1][23][24][26] Death[edit]

Henry M. Jackson's home, Everett, Washington

Jackson died suddenly at the age of 71 in Everett of an aortic aneurysm, shortly after giving a news conference condemning the Soviet attack on Korean Air Lines Flight 007. News reports showed video of Jackson in which he was seen reflexively massaging the left side of his chest while talking and speculated that it was his reaction to an early symptom of the fatal attack. He was greatly mourned; Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan stated, "Henry Jackson is proof of the old belief in the Judaic tradition that at any moment in history goodness in the world is preserved by the deeds of 36 just men who do not know that this is the role the Lord has given them. Henry Jackson was one of those men." Jackson is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Everett. Legacy[edit]

Jackson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
posthumously in 1984; Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
called him "one of the greatest lawmakers of our century,"[27] and stated:

Scoop Jackson was convinced that there's no place for partisanship in foreign and defense policy. He used to say, 'In matters of national security, the best politics is no politics.' His sense of bipartisanship was not only natural and complete; it was courageous. He wanted to be President, but I think he must have known that his outspoken ideas on the security of the Nation would deprive him of the chance to be his party's nominee in 1972 and '76. Still, he would not cut his convictions to fit the prevailing style. I'm deeply proud, as he would have been, to have Jackson Democrats serve in my administration. I'm proud that some of them have found a home here.

In 1983, he was awarded Delta Chi
Delta Chi
of the Year. With his death in office, the Seattle–Tacoma International Airport was initially renamed Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
International Airport, but resistance to the change led to this being reversed to its original name, which stands today. The resistance was led by city leaders in Tacoma, who feared that the new name would lead to the airport being referred to as Seattle's airport. When first built, the smaller city of Tacoma had negotiated the inclusion of its city name, and saw the change to Jackson International as a violation of that agreement, as well as a threat to convention business.[28] The airport lies between the two cities in the municipality of SeaTac. One of Jackson's last acts as Senator was to sponsor legislation creating what became the Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, which was named after him after his death. The Jackson family created the Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
Foundation to give grants to nonprofits and educational institutions. Board members have included Richard Perle, Tom Foley, and Jeane Kirkpatrick.[29] On March 28, 1981 he gave the principal address at the christening of the USS Bremerton (SSN 698). The Bremerton was the second ship to have the name, preceded by the USS Bremerton (CA 130). It was christened by Mrs. Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
on July 22, 1978. The USS Bremerton (SSN 698) was mentioned in the classic Tom Clancy
Tom Clancy
novel, The Hunt for Red October. The University of Washington
University of Washington
has named the Jackson School of International Studies in his honor. However, students objecting to Jackson's hawkish views on the Cold War in the mid-1980s caused the university to move a bust of the senator to the end of an abandoned corridor until it was restored to a more prominent place outside the Jackson School in 2006.[21] The US Navy Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine Henry M. Jackson was also named after him, in recognition of his longtime support of the nation's military. It is the only Ohio-class submarine
Ohio-class submarine
not named after a U.S. state. In 1994, the Everett School District completed construction of Henry M. Jackson High School in Mill Creek, Washington. The Henry M. Jackson Wilderness
Henry M. Jackson Wilderness
Area was created in his honor by the 1984 Washington Wilderness Act. The Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, with the cooperation of the Jackson family, awards a Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson Distinguished Service Award to individuals for their career dedication to U.S. national security. Jackson won the first award in 1982, and it was named after him after his death. Winners include Max Cleland, Joe Lieberman, Dick Cheney, Jane Harman, and Paul Wolfowitz.[30]

Influence on neoconservatism[edit] Jackson believed that evil should be confronted with power.[29] His support for civil rights and equality at home,[21] married to his opposition to détente,[29] his support for human rights[31] and democratic allies,[32] and his firm belief that the United States could be a force for good in the world[33] inspired a legion of loyal aides who went on to propound Jackson's philosophy as part of neoconservatism. In addition to Richard Perle, neoconservatives Paul Wolfowitz, Elliott Abrams, Charles Horner, and Douglas Feith
Douglas Feith
were former Democratic aides to Jackson who, disillusioned with the Carter administration, supported Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
and joined his administration in 1981, later becoming prominent foreign policy makers in the 21st-century Bush administration. Neoconservative Ben Wattenberg was a prominent political aide to Jackson's 1972 and 1976 presidential campaigns. Wolfowitz has called himself a "Scoop Jackson Republican" on multiple occasions.[31][34] Many journalists and scholars across the political spectrum have noted links between Senator Jackson and modern neoconservatism.[1][29][32][35][36][37][38][39][40][41] Jackson's influence on foreign policy has been cited as foundational to the George W. Bush
George W. Bush
administration's foreign policy, and the Iraq War.[42] Jackson biographer Robert Kaufman says "There is no question in my mind that the people who supported Iraq are supporting Henry Jackson's instincts."[29] Peter Beinart, author of The Good Fight: Why Liberals — and Only Liberals — Can Win the War on Terror and Make America Great Again, argues that the Democratic Party should return to Jackson's values in its foreign policy, criticizing current-day neoconservatives for failing to adopt Jackson's domestic policy views along with his foreign policy views.[33][36] The Henry Jackson Society[edit] In 2005, the Henry Jackson Society
Henry Jackson Society
was formed at the University of Cambridge, England. The non-partisan British group is dedicated to "pursuit of a robust foreign policy ... based on clear universal principles such as the global promotion of the rule of law, liberal democracy, civil rights, environmental responsibility and the market economy" as part of "Henry Jackson's legacy."[43] The organisation is now based in London and hosts high-profile speaker events in the House of Commons. Jackson Papers controversy[edit] In 2005, twenty-two years after his death, US government officials, including three members of the Central Intelligence Agency, seized and removed several of Senator Jackson's archived documents housed at the University of Washington.[44][45] Though a team of the university's staff in 1983 removed all information considered classified at the time, the officials were verifying anything still considered classified, or reclassified since then, had been removed. The documents are pending declassification at the University as of March 2005.[46] Electoral history[edit]

U.S. Senate (Class 1) elections in Washington: Results 1952–1982[47]

Year

Democrat Votes Pct

Republican Votes Pct

3rd party Party Votes Pct

3rd party Party Votes Pct

1952

Henry M. Jackson 595,288 56.23%

Harry P. Cain 460,884 43.53%

Thomas C. Rabbitt Progressive 1,912 0.18%

Henry Killman Socialist Labor 651 0.06%

1958

Henry M. Jackson 597,040 67.32%

William B. Bantz 278,271 31.38%

Henry Killman Socialist Labor 7,592 0.86%

Archie G. Idso Constitution 2,257 0.26%

1964

Henry M. Jackson 875,950 72.21%

Lloyd J. Andrews 337,138 27.79%

1970

Henry M. Jackson 879,385 82.43%

Charles W. Elicker 170,790 16.01%

William Massey Socialist Workers 9,255 0.87%

Edison Fisk Buffalo 7,377 0.69%

1976

Henry M. Jackson 1,071,219 71.84%

George M. Brown 361,546 24.25%

Dave Smith American Independent 28,182 1.89%

Richard K. Kenney Libertarian 19,373 1.30%

1982

Henry M. Jackson 943,665 68.96%

Douglas Jewett 332,273 24.28%

King Lysen Independent 72,297 5.28%

Jesse Chiang Independent 20,251 1.48%

See also[edit]

conservatism portal

List of United States Congress
United States Congress
members who died in office (1950–99) Washington state congressional delegates Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
High School

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Oldham, Kit (August 19, 2003). "Jackson, Henry M. "Scoop"". History Link, The free online encyclopedia of Washington state history.  ^ "SENATOR HENRY M. JACKSON IS DEAD AT 71". The New York Times. September 3, 1983. Retrieved March 11, 2016.  ^ Time: "Time weekly roundup." Retrieved April 17, 2007. ^ Oldham, Kit (November 1, 2003). "Voters re-elect Senator Henry Jackson and six U.S. Representatives on November 4, 1958." HistoryLink.org.  ^ a b Kaufman, Robert G. (2011). Henry M. Jackson: A Life in Politics. University of Washington
University of Washington
Press. pp. 4–5. ISBN 978-0295998541.  ^ Peter J. Ognibene, Scoop: The Life and Politics of Henry Jackson, 1975. ^ "The Nation: The Democrats' Liberal Hawk on Capitol Hill". Time. March 22, 1971. Retrieved May 4, 2010.  ^ Miller, Paul Steven. "Civil Rights and American Values – Understanding the Legacy of Senator Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
and its Relationship to the Emergence of Disability Human Rights" (PDF). School of Law, University of Washington. Retrieved January 24, 2008.  ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York City: Basic Books. p. 321. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.  ^ Rinde, Meir (2017). " Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
and the Rise of American Environmentalism". Distillations. 3 (1): 16–29. Retrieved 4 April 2018.  ^ Oldham, Kit (November 13, 2003). "President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
signs Senator Henry Jackson's National Environmental Policy Act
National Environmental Policy Act
into law on January 1, 1970". History Link.  ^ "Senate Study Calls U. S. Drug Agents Lax in Checking Alleged Link of Vesco to Heroin". New York Times. March 10, 1975.  ^ "Jackson Asserts Ex‐Drug Aide May Have Obstructed Justice". New York Times. June 12, 1975.  ^ "SENATE SNUBS CARTER IN BACKING REACTOR". New York Times. July 12, 1977.  ^ Carter, Jimmy (October 30, 1979). " Alaska
Alaska
Public Lands Legislation Statement on Approval by the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee". American Presidency Project.  ^ Meyerson, Adam. "Scoop Jackson Democrat", Hoover Institution, Policy Review, 1990. ^ "Media Influence on National Security Decisionmaking Archived June 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.", Brookings Institution, December 12, 2001. ^ a b Boswell, Sharon; Lorraine McConaghy (September 29, 1996). "Twin towers of power". Seattle Times.  ^ Jason Vest. "The Men From JINSA and CSP", The Nation, August 15, 2002. ^ Alexander Cockburn. Al Gore: A User's Manual, p. 82, 2000. ^ a b c Perry, Nick (May 12, 2006). ""Scoop" out of the shadows". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007.  ^ "Part VIII: White Man's Land", Eliminationism in America, "Orcinus", Jan 23, 2007. ^ a b c David Wilma and Kit Oldham (November 7, 2003). "State voters elect Dixy Lee Ray as first woman governor of Washington, re-elect Senator Henry Jackson and House incumbents, and prefer Ford to Carter on November 2, 1976". HistoryLink.org.  ^ a b c d Salam, Reihan (May 27, 2003). "Double Scoop". The New Republic Online.  ^ "A Message of Discontent from Wisconsin Archived November 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.", "AllPolitics", Time, Apr 17, 1972. ^ a b "Jimmy Carter's Big Breakthrough". Time Magazine. May 10, 1976. Archived from the original on February 11, 2010.  ^ "What Would Scoop Jackson Say? Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.", Fact-O-Rama, Cybercast News Service. Retrieved June 2, 2006. ^ Banel, Feliks (August 27, 2009). "What NOT to do when a beloved Senator dies". Crosscut.com. Retrieved February 23, 2018.  ^ a b c d e Fryer, Alex (January 12, 2004). "Scoop Jackson's protégés shaping Bush's foreign policy". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on October 15, 2006.  ^ "The Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson Distinguished Service Award". Jinsa.org. September 21, 2004. Archived from the original on October 2, 2006.  ^ a b Wolfowitz, Paul (November 18, 2002). "Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson Distinguished Service Award". United States Department of Defense.  ^ a b Borger, Julian (December 6, 2002). "Democrat hawk whose ghost guides Bush". The Guardian. London.  ^ a b Wasserman, Elizabeth (April 12, 2006). "Beinart Talks Back". The Atlantic.  ^ " Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Dies". Paula Zahn Now. CNN. June 5, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2010.  ^ "Empire builders: Neocon 101". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on September 4, 2005.  ^ a b "Return of the liberal hawks". latimes. Retrieved March 11, 2016.  ^ Kaplan, Lawrence F. "Regime Change", The New Republic, Feb 19, 2003. ^ The Washington Times, (broken link). ^ "Pseudo-Random Thoughts", Jim Miller on Politics, SEANET, 03-2005. ^ Harrop, Froma. "Dems Need Another Scoop Jackson", RealClearPolitics, Nov 23, 2005. ^ Shribman, David (September 3, 1983). "Senator Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
is dead at 71". The New York Times.  ^ Morris, Roger (April 6, 2003). "The road the U.S. traveled to Baghdad was paved by 'Scoop' Jackson". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.  ^ "Statement of Principles Archived April 30, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.", Henry Jackson Society, March 11, 2005. ^ (dead link?)[permanent dead link] ^ Bain, Lara (February 15, 2005). "CIA seizes Sen. Jackson papers". HeraldNet. Archived from the original on October 25, 2006.  ^ Kaste, Martin (March 15, 2005). "CIA's Seizure of Files Raises Questions". Morning Edition. National Public Radio.  ^ "OurCampaigns, Henry Martin "Scoop" Jackson". OurCampaigns. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: Henry Martin Jackson

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Henry Martin Jackson.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Henry M. Jackson

Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
Collection – University of Washington
University of Washington
Digital Collection

United States Congress. " Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
(id: J000013)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
at Find a Grave 1972 presidential campaign brochure, at 4president.org Henry M Jackson Papers, at the University of Washington Bust of Henry Jackson, at the U.S. Senate Henry M Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine Henry M Jackson Foundation The Henry Jackson Society, at the University of Cambridge Henry M. Jackson—A Life in Politics, biography Henry M. Jackson, late a senator

Archives[edit]

Guide to the Henry M. Jackson
Henry M. Jackson
Papers. 1912–1987. Approximately 1,240 Cubic Ft. At the University of Washington
University of Washington
Libraries Special Collections. Richard J. Brooks Papers. 1956–2000. 7.62 cubic feet. 8 boxes, one vertical file, one oversize folder, one mapcase folder. At the University of Washington
University of Washington
Libraries Special
Special
Collections. Contains correspondence from Senator Henry M. Jackson.

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Monrad Wallgren Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Washington's 2nd congressional district 1941–1953 Succeeded by Jack Westland

Party political offices

Preceded by Hugh Mitchell Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington (Class 1) 1952, 1958, 1964, 1970, 1976, 1982 Succeeded by Mike Lowry

Preceded by Paul M. Butler Chair of the Democratic National Committee 1960–1961 Succeeded by John Moran Bailey

Vacant Title last held by Howard Baker, George H. W. Bush, Peter Dominick, Gerald Ford, Robert Griffin, Thomas Kuchel, Mel Laird, Bob Mathias, George Murphy, Dick Poff, Chuck Percy, Al Quie, Charlotte Reid, Hugh Scott, Bill Steiger, John Tower Response to the State of the Union address 1970 Served alongside: Donald Fraser, Mike Mansfield, John McCormack, Patsy Mink, Ed Muskie, Bill Proxmire Succeeded by Mike Mansfield

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Harry P. Cain United States Senator
United States Senator
(Class 1) from Washington 1953–1983 Served alongside: Warren G. Magnuson, Slade Gorton Succeeded by Dan Evans

Preceded by Clinton P. Anderson Chair of the Senate Interior Committee 1963–1977 Committee dissolved

New office Chair of the Senate Energy Committee 1977–1981 Succeeded by James A. McClure

v t e

United States Senators from Washington

Class 1

Allen Wilson Foster Piles Poindexter Dill Schwellenbach Wallgren Mitchell Cain Jackson Evans Gorton Cantwell

Class 3

Squire Turner Ankeny Jones Grammer Bone Magnuson Gorton Adams Murray

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

Public Lands (1816–1921)

Morrow Williams Thomas Barton King Kane Poindexter Ewing Walker Smith Woodbridge Breese Felch Borland Dodge Stuart Johnson Harlan Pomeroy Sprague Oglesby McDonald Plumb Dolph Berry Dubois Hansbrough Nelson Smoot Chamberlain Myers Smoot

Public Lands and Surveys (1921–1947)

Smoot Lenroot Ladd Stanfield Nye Kendrick Wagner Adams Hatch

Interior and Insular Affairs (1947–1977)

Butler O'Mahoney Butler Cordon Murray Anderson Jackson

Energy and Natural Resources (1977–)

Jackson McClure Johnston F. Murkowski Bingaman F. Murkowski Bingaman Domenici Bingaman Wyden Landrieu L. Murkowski

v t e

United States Democratic Party

Chairpersons of the DNC

Hallett McLane Smalley Belmont Schell Hewitt Barnum Brice Harrity Jones Taggart Mack McCombs McCormick Cummings White Hull Shaver Raskob Farley Flynn Walker Hannegan McGrath Boyle McKinney Mitchell Butler Jackson Bailey O'Brien Harris O'Brien Westwood Strauss Curtis White Manatt Kirk Brown Wilhelm DeLee Dodd/Fowler Romer/Grossman Rendell/Andrew McAuliffe Dean Kaine Wasserman Schultz Perez

Presidential tickets

Jackson/Calhoun Jackson/Van Buren Van Buren/R. Johnson Van Buren/None Polk/Dallas Cass/Butler Pierce/King Buchanan/Breckinridge Douglas/H. Johnson (Breckinridge/Lane, SD) McClellan/Pendleton Seymour/Blair Greeley/Brown Tilden/Hendricks Hancock/English Cleveland/Hendricks Cleveland/Thurman Cleveland/Stevenson I W. Bryan/Sewall W. Bryan/Stevenson I Parker/H. Davis W. Bryan/Kern Wilson/Marshall (twice) Cox/Roosevelt J. Davis/C. Bryan Smith/Robinson Roosevelt/Garner (twice) Roosevelt/Wallace Roosevelt/Truman Truman/Barkley Stevenson II/Sparkman Stevenson II/Kefauver Kennedy/L. Johnson L. Johnson/Humphrey Humphrey/Muskie McGovern/(Eagleton, Shriver) Carter/Mondale (twice) Mondale/Ferraro Dukakis/Bentsen B. Clinton/Gore (twice) Gore/Lieberman Kerry/Edwards Obama/Biden (twice) H. Clinton/Kaine

State/ Territorial Parties

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming District of Columbia Guam Puerto Rico

Conventions

(List)

1832 (Baltimore) 1835 (Baltimore) 1840 (Baltimore) 1844 (Baltimore) 1848 (Baltimore) 1852 (Baltimore) 1856 (Cincinnati) 1860 (Baltimore) 1864 (Chicago) 1868 (New York) 1872 (Baltimore) 1876 (Saint Louis) 1880 (Cincinnati) 1884 (Chicago) 1888 (Saint Louis) 1892 (Chicago) 1896 (Chicago) 1900 (Kansas City) 1904 (Saint Louis) 1908 (Denver) 1912 (Baltimore) 1916 (Saint Louis) 1920 (San Francisco) 1924 (New York) 1928 (Houston) 1932 (Chicago) 1936 (Philadelphia) 1940 (Chicago) 1944 (Chicago) 1948 (Philadelphia) 1952 (Chicago) 1956 (Chicago) 1960 (Los Angeles) 1964 (Atlantic City) 1968 (Chicago) 1972 (Miami Beach) 1976 (New York) 1980 (New York) 1984 (San Francisco) 1988 (Atlanta) 1992 (New York) 1996 (Chicago) 2000 (Los Angeles) 2004 (Boston) 2008 (Denver) 2012 (Charlotte) 2016 (Philadelphia)

Affiliated groups

Fundraising

Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Democratic Governors Association Democratic Legislative Campaign Committee Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee National Conference of Democratic Mayors

Sectional

College Democrats of America Democrats Abroad National Federation of Democratic Women Stonewall Democrats

Stonewall Young Democrats

Young Democrats of America High School Democrats of America

Related articles

History Primaries Debates Party factions Superdelegate 2005 chairmanship election 2017 chairmanship election

Liberalism portal

v t e

(1956 ←) United States presidential election, 1960
United States presidential election, 1960
(→ 1964)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(campaign)

VP nominee Lyndon B. Johnson

Candidates Ross Barnett Pat Brown Michael DiSalle Paul C. Fisher Hubert Humphrey Lyndon B. Johnson George H. McLain Robert B. Meyner Wayne Morse Albert S. Porter Adlai Stevenson George Smathers Stuart Symington

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee Richard Nixon

VP nominee Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.

Candidates Barry Goldwater Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. James M. Lloyd Nelson Rockefeller

Third party and independent candidates

American Vegetarian Party

Nominee Symon Gould

National States' Rights Party

Nominee Orval Faubus

VP nominee J. B. Stoner

Prohibition Party

Nominee Rutherford Decker

VP nominee E. Harold Munn

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee Eric Hass

VP nominee Georgia Cozzini

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee Farrell Dobbs

VP nominee Myra Tanner Weiss

Independents and other candidates

Harry F. Byrd Merritt B. Curtis Lar Daly George Lincoln Rockwell Charles L. Sullivan

Other 1960 elections: House Senate

v t e

(1968 ←) United States presidential election, 1972
United States presidential election, 1972
(→ 1976)

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Richard Nixon

VP nominee

Spiro Agnew

Candidates

John M. Ashbrook Pete McCloskey

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

George McGovern

VP nominee

Sargent Shriver

Candidates

Shirley Chisholm Walter E. Fauntroy Fred R. Harris Vance Hartke Wayne Hays Hubert Humphrey Henry M. Jackson John Lindsay Eugene McCarthy Wilbur Mills Patsy Mink Edmund Muskie Terry Sanford George Wallace Sam Yorty

Third party and independent candidates

American Independent Party

Nominee

John G. Schmitz

VP nominee

Thomas J. Anderson

Communist Party

Nominee

Gus Hall

VP nominee

Jarvis Tyner

Libertarian Party

Nominee

John Hospers

VP nominee

Tonie Nathan

People's Party

Nominee

Benjamin Spock

VP nominee

Julius Hobson

Prohibition Party

Nominee

E. Harold Munn

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee

Louis Fisher

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee

Linda Jenness Alternate nominee: Evelyn Reed

VP nominee

Andrew Pulley

Independent

Gabriel Green

Other 1972 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(1972 ←) United States presidential election, 1976
United States presidential election, 1976
(→ 1980)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Jimmy Carter

VP nominee

Walter Mondale

Candidates

Birch Bayh Lloyd Bentsen Jerry Brown Robert Byrd Hugh Carey Frank Church Fred R. Harris Hubert Humphrey Henry M. Jackson Leon Jaworski Barbara Jordan Eugene McCarthy Ellen McCormack Walter Mondale Jennings Randolph Terry Sanford Milton Shapp

campaign

Sargent Shriver Adlai Stevenson III Mo Udall George Wallace

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Gerald Ford

VP nominee

Bob Dole

Candidates

James L. Buckley Ronald Reagan Harold Stassen

Third party and independent candidates

American Party

Nominee

Thomas J. Anderson

American Independent Party

Nominee

Lester Maddox

Communist Party

Nominee

Gus Hall

VP nominee

Jarvis Tyner

Libertarian Party

Nominee

Roger MacBride

VP nominee

David Bergland

People's Party

Nominee

Margaret Wright

VP nominee

Benjamin Spock

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Ben Bubar

VP nominee

Earl Dodge

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee

Peter Camejo

VP nominee

Willie Mae Reid

U.S. Labor Party

Nominee

Lyndon LaRouche

Other 1976 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

Neoconservatism

General

American exceptionalism Democratization Globalization Humanitarian intervention Liberal internationalism Bush Doctrine Pax Americana

Figures

William Kristol Robert Kagan Frederick Kagan Irving Kristol Paul Wolfowitz Richard Perle John R. Bolton Charles Krauthammer David Frum Elliott Abrams Norman Podhoretz David Wurmser Douglas J. Feith Paul Bremer Peter Berkowitz Douglas Murray David Aaronovitch Oliver Kamm Max Boot Eliot A. Cohen Jeane Kirkpatrick Michael Novak Jonah Goldberg Joshua Muravchik Jennifer Rubin Irwin Stelzer Bret Stephens Zalmay Khalilzad Scooter Libby Yuval Levin Michael Ledeen James Kirchick Michael Gerson Dan Senor Reuel Marc Gerecht R. James Woolsey Jr.

Major influences

Leo Strauss Bernard Lewis Henry M. Jackson James Burnham John Courtney Murray

Organisations

Project for the New American Century National Endowment for Democracy Foundation for Defense of Democracies Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs Henry Jackson Society Euston Group Emergency Committee for Israel Hudson Institute American Enterprise Institute Foreign Policy Initiative NGO Monitor

Publications

Commentary The Weekly Standard The Public Interest National Affairs Encounter Harry's Place First Things Crisis

Related articles

Timeline of modern American conservatism Neoconservatism
Neoconservatism
and paleoconservatism British neoconservatism Clash of Civilizations Idealism in international relations Liberal hawk Pro-war Left Anti-Stalinist left
Anti-Stalinist left
( The New York Intellectuals and Trotskyism) Republican In Name Only
Republican In Name Only
(pejorative) Cuckservative (pejorative) Stop Trump movement

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40289327 LCCN: n80002587 ISNI: 0000 0000 8222 9175 GND: 123552729 SUDOC: 070117152 BNF: cb115476548 (data) US Congress: J000

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