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HAUTS-DE-FRANCE (French pronunciation: ​ , translates to "Upper France" in English) is a region of France
France
created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy . The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015 . France's Conseil d\'État approved Hauts-de- France
France
as the name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.

The region covers an area of more than 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi), and has a population of 5,973,098.

CONTENTS

* 1 Toponymy * 2 Geography * 3 Major communities * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

TOPONYMY

The region's interim name Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie was a hyphenated placename , created by hyphenating the merged regions' names—Nord- Pas-de-Calais and Picardie —in alphabetical order.

On 14 March 2016, well ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council decided on Hauts-de- France
France
as the region's permanent name,. The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, HAUTS-DE-FRANCE, took effect.

GEOGRAPHY

Map of the new region with its five départements, colored according to the historical provinces as they existed until 1790 . Picardy Île-de- France
France
Artois
Artois
French Flanders
French Flanders
French Hainaut Cambrai
Cambrai
Champagne Other View of England from Cap Gris Nez, France
France

The region borders Belgium
Belgium
( Flanders
Flanders
and Wallonia
Wallonia
) to the northeast, the English Channel
English Channel
to the northwest, as well as the French regions of Grand Est to the southeast, Île-de- France
France
to the south, and Normandy to the southwest. It is connected to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
( England
England
) via the Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
.

MAJOR COMMUNITIES

Lille
Lille
Amiens
Amiens

* Lille
Lille
(227,560; region prefecture) * Amiens
Amiens
(133,448) * Roubaix
Roubaix
(94,713) * Tourcoing
Tourcoing
(91,923) * Dunkirk (90,995) * Calais
Calais
(72,589) * Villeneuve-d\'Ascq (62,308) * Saint-Quentin (55,978) * Beauvais
Beauvais
(54,289) * Valenciennes
Valenciennes
(42,691)

SEE ALSO

* Nord- Pas-de-Calais * Picardy * Regions of France * Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Canadian National Vimy Memorial
* Battle of Vimy Ridge
Battle of Vimy Ridge

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "La Région a voté et s’appelle désormais Hauts-de-France" . La Voix du Nord (in French). Lille. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016. * ^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" . Le Monde (in French). Agence France-Presse . 17 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015. * ^ A B Décret n° 2016-1265 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Hauts-de- France
France
(in French) * ^ "Populations légales 2012 - Populations légales des régions". Insee . Retrieved 16 January 2015. * ^ A B Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official

.