Haridwar (pron:ˈhʌrɪˌdwɑ:) pronunciation (help·info),
also spelled Hardwar, is an ancient city and municipality in the
Haridwar district of Uttarakhand, India. The River Ganga, after
flowing for 253 kilometres (157 mi) from its source at
the edge of the
Gangotri Glacier, enters the Indo-Gangetic Plains of
India for the first time at Haridwar, which gave the city its
ancient name, Gangadwára.
Haridwar is regarded as one of the seven holiest places (Sapta Puri)
to Hindus. According to the Samudra manthan,
Haridwar along with
Prayag (Allahabad) is one of four sites where drops
of Amrit, the elixir of immortality, accidentally spilled over from
the pitcher while being carried by the celestial bird Garuda. This is
manifested in the
Kumbha Mela, which is celebrated every 12 years in
Haridwar. During the
Haridwar Kumbh Mela, millions of pilgrims,
devotees, and tourists congregate in
Haridwar to perform ritualistic
bathing on the banks of the river
Ganges to wash away their sins to
attain Moksha. Brahma Kund, the spot where the Amrit fell, is located
Har ki Pauri
Har ki Pauri (literally, "footsteps of the Lord") and is considered
to be the most sacred ghat of Haridwar. It is also the primary
center of the Kanwar pilgrimage, in which millions of participants
gather sacred water from the Ganga and carry it across hundreds of
miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.
Haridwar is the headquarters and the largest city of the district.
Today, the city is developing beyond its religious importance, with
the fast developing industrial estate of State Industrial Development
Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), and the close by township of
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited as well as its affiliated
Haridwar presents a kaleidoscope of Indian culture and development. In
the sacred writings it has been differently specified as Kapilsthan,
Gangadwar and Mayapuri. It is additionally a passage indicate the Char
Dham (the four principle focuses of journey in
Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri), subsequently,
Shaivaites (adherents of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (devotees of
Lord Vishnu) call this place Hardwar and
relating to Har being Shiv and
Hari being Vishnu.
2 Seven Holy Places
4 Geography and climate
Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar
8 Places of interest
8.1 Har Ki Pauri
Chandi Devi Temple
8.3 Mansa Devi Temple
8.4 Maya Devi Temple
8.6 Piran Kaliyar
8.7 Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar
8.8 Bhimgoda Tank
8.9 Dudhadhari Barfani Temple
8.10 Sureshvari Devi Temple
8.11 Pawan Dham
Bharat Mata Mandir
8.14 Sapta Rishi Ashram and Sapta Sarovar
8.15 Parad Shivling
8.16 Ramanand Ashram
8.17 Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
8.18 Anandamayi Maa Ashram
Patanjali Yogpeeth (Trust)
8.21 Ramakrishna Math andd Ramakrishna Mission Sevashrama
9 Educational institutions
Gurukul Kangri University
9.2 Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
9.4 Chinmaya Degree College
9.5 Other colleges
9.6 Other schools
10 Important areas within the city
13 Notable people
14 See also
16 Further reading
17 External links
Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the
Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar
The name of the town has two spellings: Hardwar and Haridwar. Each of
these names has its own connotation.
Hari means "Lord Vishnu". So,
Haridwar stands for " The Gateway to
Lord Vishnu". In order to reach Badrinath, one of the four Char Dhams,
with a temple of Lord Vishnu,
Haridwar is a typical place to start a
pilgrim's journey. Therefore, the name Haridwar.
On the other hand, in Sanskrit, Hara means "Lord Shiva" and Dwara
means "gate" or "gateway". Hence, Hardwar stands for "Gateway to
Lord Shiva". Hardwar has been a typical place to start a pilgrim's
journey in order to reach Mount Kailash, the eternal abode of Lord
Shiva, Kedarnath, the northernmost
Jyotirlinga and one of the sites of
Char Dham pilgrimage circuit and Gaumukh, the source of
Har ki Pauri
Har ki Pauri or footsteps of Lord
Shiva is considered the
most sacred site in Hardwar.
Haridwar is also known as the home of Devi Sati and the palace of her
father Daksha. In ancient times, the town was also referred to as
Gangadwára (गंगाद्वार), the place where the Ganges
descends to the plains.
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Hurdwar, a poem
by L. E. L.
In the annotations to her poem 'Hurdwar. A Place of Hindoo
Letitia Elizabeth Landon
Letitia Elizabeth Landon provides information on this
name derivation, and also the story of the supposed origin of the
Seven Holy Places
Main article: Sapta Puri
"Ayodhyā Mathurā Māyā Kāśī Kāñcī Avantikā
Purī Dvārāvatī caiva saptaitā mokṣadāyikāḥ"– Garuḍa
Purāṇa I XVI .14
Lit. Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kasi, Kanchi, Avantika and Dwaraka
are the seven holy places.
Note the use of puranic name 'Maya' for Haridwar. As also the
inter-change usage of
Puri and Dwaraka.
The Garuḍa Purāṇa enumerates seven cities as giver of Moksha.
Haridwar is said to be one of the seven most holy
(=Kṣetra) in India, with
Varanasi usually considered the holiest. A
Kṣetra is a sacred ground, a field of active power, a place where
Moksha, final release can be obtained.
Haridwar in scriptures
Bhagiratha in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his
In the scriptures,
Haridwar has been variously mentioned as
Kapilasthana, Gangadwara and Mayapuri. It is also an entry point to
Char Dham (the four main centres of pilgrimage in
Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri), hence, Shaivaites
(followers of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu)
call this place Hardwar and
Haridwar respectively, corresponding to
Hara being Shiv and
Hari being Vishnu.
Shiva bearing the Descent of the
Ganges River as Parvati
and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740
"O Yudhishthira, the spot where Ganga rusheth past, cleaving the
foremost of mountains which is frequented by
Gandharvas and Yakshas
Rakshasas and Apsaras, and inhabited by hunters, and Kinnaras, is
called Gangadwara (Haridwar). O King,
Sanatkumara regardeth that spot
visited by Brahmarshis, as also the Tirtha Kanakhala (that is near to
it), as sacred."
The Mahabharata, Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XC.
In the Vanaparva of the Mahabharat, where sage Dhaumya tells
Yudhishthira about the tirthas of India, Gangadwar, i.e.,
Kankhal, have been referred to, the text also mentions that
Agastya Rishi did penance here, with the help of his wife, Lopamudra
(the princess of Vidharba).
Kapila is said to have an ashram here giving it, its ancient
Kapila or Kapilasthana.
The legendary King, Bhagiratha, the great-grandson of the Suryavanshi
King Sagar (an ancestor of Rama), is said to have brought the
Ganges down from heaven, through years of penance in Satya Yuga,
for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors from the curse of the
saint Kapila, a tradition continued by thousands of devout Hindus, who
brings the ashes of their departed family members, in hope of their
Vishnu is said to have left his footprint on the
stone that is set in the upper wall of Har Ki Pauri, where the Holy
Ganges touches it at all times.
Haridwar came under the rule of the
Maurya Empire (322–185 BCE), and
later under the
Kushan Empire (c. 1st–3rd centuries). Archaeological
findings have proved that terra cotta culture dating between 1700 BCE
and 1200 BCE existed in this region. First modern era written
Haridwar is found in the accounts of a Chinese traveller,
Huan Tsang, who visited
India in 629 AD. during the reign of King
Harshavardhan (590–647) records
Haridwar as 'Mo-yu-lo', the remains
of which still exist at Mayapur, a little to the south of the modern
town. Among the ruins are a fort and three temples, decorated with
broken stone sculptures, he also mentions the presence of a
temple, north of Mo-yu-lo called 'Gangadwara', Gateway of the
Head of the
Ganges Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.
Haridwar from opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866
The city also fell to the Central Asian conqueror
(1336–1405) on 13 January 1399.
During his visit to Haridwar, first
Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak
(1469–1539) bathed at 'Kushawart Ghat', wherein the famous,
'watering the crops' episode took place, his visit is today
commemorated by a gurudwara (
Gurudwara Nanakwara), according to two
Sikh Janamsakhis, this visit took place on the
Baisakhi day in 1504
AD, he later also visited
Kankhal en route to
Kotdwara in Garhwal.
Pandas of the
Haridwar have been known to keep genealogy records of
most of the
Hindu population. Known as vahis, these records are
updated on each visit to the city, and are a repository of vast family
trees of family in North India.
Ain-e-Akbari, written by Abul Fazal in the 16th century during the
Mughal Emperor Akbar, refers to it as Maya (Mayapur), known
as Hardwar on the Ganges", as seven sacred cities of Hindus. It
further mentions it is eighteen kos (each approx. 2 km) in
length, and large numbers of pilgrims assemble on the 10th of
Chaitra. It also mentions that during his travels and also while
at home, Mughal Emperor,
Akbar drank water from the
which he called 'the water of immortality'.
Special people were
stationed at Sorun and later
Haridwar to dispatch water, in sealed
jars, to wherever he was stationed
During the Mughal period, there was mint for Akbar's copper coinage at
Haridwar. It is said that Raja
Man Singh of Amber, laid that
foundation of the present day city of
Haridwar and also renovated the
ghats at Har Ki Pauri. After his death, his ashes are also said to
have been immersed at Brahma Kund. Thomas Coryat, an English
traveller, who visited the city in the reign of Emperor Jahangir
(1596–1627) mentions it as 'Haridwara', the capital of Shiva.
Being one of the oldest living cities,
Haridwar finds its mention in
Hindu scriptures as it weaves through the life and time
stretching from the period of the Buddha, to the more recent British
Haridwar has a rich and ancient religious and cultural
heritage. It still has many old havelis and mansions bearing exquisite
murals and intricate stonework.
One of the two major dams on the river Ganges, the Bhimgoda, is
situated here. Built in 1840s, it diverts the waters of the
Ganges Canal, which irrigated the surrounding lands. Though
this caused severe deterioration to the
Ganges water flow, and is a
major cause for the decay of the
Ganges as an inland waterway, which
till 18th century was used heavily by the ships of the East India
Company, and a town as high up as Tehri, was considered a port city
The headworks of the
Ganges Canal system are located in Haridwar. The
Ganges Canal was opened in 1854 after the work began in April
1842, prompted by the famine of 1837–38. The unique feature of
the canal is the half-kilometre-long aqueduct over Solani river at
Roorkee, which raises the canal 25 metres above the original river.
Haridwar as a part of the United Province, 1903
Haridwar Union Municipality' was constituted in 1868, which included
the then villages of
Mayapur and Kankhal.
Haridwar was first connected
with railways, via Laksar, through branch line in 1886, when the Awadh
Rohilakhand Railway line was extended through
Saharanpur, this was later extended to
Dehradun in 1900.
In 1901, it had a population of 25,597 and was a part of the Roorkee
Saharanpur district of the United Province, and remained
so till the creation of
Uttar Pradesh in 1947.
Haridwar has been an abode of the weary in body, mind and spirit. It
has also been a centre of attraction for learning various arts,
science, and culture. The city has a long-standing position as a great
source of Ayurvedic medicines and herbal remedies and is home to the
Gurukul (school of traditional education), including the
Gurukul Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, which has a vast campus, and has been
providing traditional education of its own kind, since 1902.
Haridwar took an upturn in the 1960s, with the setting
up of a temple of modern civilisation, BHEL, a '
Maharatna PSU' in
1975, which brought along not just a its own township of BHEL,
Ranipur, close to the existing Ranipur village, but also a set of
ancillaries in the region. The University of Roorkee, now IIT Roorkee,
is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutes of learning in
the fields of science and engineering.
Geography and climate
Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main
Ganges Canal, before Bhimgoda
Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.
Ganges emerges from the mountains to touch the plains. The water
in the river
Ganges is mostly clear and generally cold, except in the
rainy season, during which soil from the upper regions flows down into
Ganges flows in a series of channels separated from each
other called aits, most of which are well wooded. Other minor seasonal
streams are Ranipur Rao, Pathri Rao, Ravi Rao, Harnaui Rao, Begham
Nadi etc. A large part of the district is forested, and Rajaji
National Park is within the bounds of the district, making it an ideal
destination for wildlife and adventure lovers. Rajaji is accessible
through different gates; the Ramgarh Gate and Mohand Gate are within
25 km of Dehradun, while the Motichur, Ranipur and Chilla Gates
are just about 9 km from Haridwar. Kunaon Gate is 6 km from
Laldhang gate is 25 km from Kotdwara.
Haridwar district, covering an area of about 2360 km², is in the
southwestern part of
Uttarakhand state of India.
Haridwar is situated at height of 314 metres from the sea level,
Shivalik Hills in the North and Northeast and the
in the South.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2010)
Summers: 25 °C – 44 °C
Winters: −2 °C – 24 °C
Climate data for Haridwar
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri
Haridwar city from Mansa Devi Temple
Ganga sparsh of Suryadeva for a Pleasant Evening.
Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar
Hindu genealogy registers at Haridwar
Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in 1880s.
Something that is not well known today to Indians and to those settled
abroad, in an ancient custom detailed family genealogies of Hindu
families for the past several generations are kept by professional
Hindu Brahmins popularly known as Pandas, at the
Hindu holy city of
Haridwar in hand written registers passed down to them over
generations by their
Brahmin ancestors which are classified according
to original districts and villages of one's ancestors, with special
Brahmin families being in charge of designated district
registers, even for cases where ancestral districts and villages that
have been left behind in
Pakistan after Partition of
India with Hindus
having to migrate to India. In several cases present day descendants
Sikhs and many maybe
Muslims or even Christians. It is common
for one to find details of up to, or even more than, ones seven past
generations in these genealogy registers kept by the Pandas of
For centuries when
Hindu ancestors visited the holy town of Haridwar
for any purpose which may have mostly been for pilgrimage purposes
or/and for cremation of their dead or for immersion of ashes and bones
of their kin after cremation into the waters of the holy river Ganges
as required by
Hindu religious custom, it has been an ancient custom
to go to the Pandit who is in charge of one's family register and
update the family's genealogical family tree with details of all
marriages, births and deaths from ones extended joint family.
India people visiting
Haridwar are dumbfounded when
Pandas out of the blue solicit them to come and update their very own
ancestral genealogical family tree. News travels like wildfire among
the Pandas with ones family's designated Panda being quickly notified
of ones visit. Nowadays with
Hindu joint family system having broken
down with people preferring more nuclear families, record keeping
Pandits prefer visitors to
Haridwar to come prepared after getting in
touch with all of ones extended family and bringing all relevant
details regarding ones ancestral district and village, names of grand
parents and great grand parents and marriages, births and deaths that
have occurred in the extended family, even with as much details as
possible of the families married into. A visiting family member is
required to personally sign the family genealogical register furnished
Family Panda after updating it for future family visitors and
generations to see and to authenticate the updated entries. Friends
and other family members accompanying on the visit may also be
requested to sign as witnesses. However it is preferable to visit
one's family pandas before immerson of ashes of one's kin as they will
help properly in this rituals.
Religions in Haridwar
Distribution of religions
Sikhs (1%), Buddhists (<0.2%).
As of 2001[update]
Haridwar district now has
population of 1,890,422 (2011) and before had 1,447,187 (2001)
Haridwar city has 310,562 population (2011). Males constitute 54% of
the population and females, 46%.
Haridwar has an average literacy rate
of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is
75%, and female literacy is 64%. In Haridwar, 12% of the population is
under six years of age.
Places of interest
"Haridvāre Kuśāvarte Bilvake Nīla parvate
snatvā Kanakhale tīrth punarjanma na vidyate"
Ganga River - Haridwar
The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.
View of the 'Evening Aarti' at Har Ki Pauri
Hindu traditions, the 'Panch Tirth' (Five Pilgrimages) within
Haridwar, are "Gangadwar" (Har ki Pauri), Kushawart (
Ghat in Kankhal),
Bilwa Tirtha (Mansa Devi Temple) and Neel Parvat (
Chandi Devi Temple).
There are several other temples and ashrams located in and around the
city. Also, alcohol and non-vegetarian food is not permitted in
Har Ki Pauri
Main article: Har ki Pauri
Haridwar Kumbh Mela
Haridwar Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years and the date is
Ghat was constructed by King
Vikramaditya (1st century BC)
in memory of his brother Bharthari. It is believed that Bharthari came
Haridwar and meditated on the banks of the holy Ganges. When he
died, his brother constructed a
Ghat in his name, which later came to
be known as Har Ki Pauri. The most sacred ghat within Har Ki
Brahmakund. The evening prayer (Aarti) at dusk offered to Goddess
Ganga at Har Ki
Pauri (steps of God Hara or Shiva) is an enchanting
experience for any visitor. A spectacle of sound and colour is seen
when, after the ceremony, pilgrims float Diyas (floral floats with
lamps) and incense on the river, commemorating their deceased
ancestors. Thousands of people from all around the world do make a
point to attend this prayer on their visit to Haridwar. A majority of
present ghats were largely developed in the 1800s. On the night of
Dussehra or a few days before that the Ganga Canal is dried in
Haridwar to clean the riverbed. The water is restored on Dewali. It is
believed that on Dussera Maa Ganga goes to her father's house and
returns after Bhai Duj or Bhai Phota. It is for this reason that the
waters in the Ganga canal in
Haridwar are partially dried on the night
of Dussehra and the waters are restored on the day of Bhai Duj or Bhai
Chandi Devi Temple
Chandi Devi Temple, Haridwar
The temple is dedicated to Goddess Chandi, who sits atop the 'Neel
Parvat' on the eastern bank of the river Ganges. It was constructed in
1929 A.D. by the king of Kashmir, Suchat Singh.
Skanda Purana mentions
a legend, in which Chanda-Munda, the Army Chief of a local Demon Kings
Shumbha and Nishumbha were killed by goddess
Chandi here, after which
the place got the name
Chandi Devi. It is believed that the main
statue was established by the Adi
Shankaracharya in 8th century A.D.
The temple is a 3 km trek from Chandighat and can also be reached
through a ropeway.
Mansa Devi Temple
Main article: Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar
Situated at the top of Bilwa Parwat, the temple of Goddess Mansa Devi,
literally meaning the Goddess who fulfills desires (Mansa), is a
popular tourist destination, especially because of the cable cars,
which offer views of the city. The main temple houses
two idols of the Goddess, one with three mouths and five arms, while
the other one has eight arms.
Maya Devi Temple
Main article: Maya Devi Temple, Haridwar
Dating to the 11th century, this ancient temple of Maya Devi, the
Adhishthatri Devi (Patron Goddess) of Haridwar, is considered one of
the Siddhapithas and is said to be the place where the heart and navel
of Goddess Sati had fallen. It is one of few ancient temples still
standing in Haridwar, along with Narayani Shila temple and Bhairav
Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple
Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.
Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar
Main article: Daksheswara Mahadev Temple
The ancient temple of
Daksha Mahadev also known as Daksheshwar Mahadev
Temple, is situated in the south
Kankhal town. According to Hindu
Daksha Prajapati, father of Dakshayani, Lord Shiva's first
wife, performed a yagña, to which he deliberately did not invite Lord
Shiva. When she arrived uninvited, he was further insulted by the
king, seeing which Sati felt infuriated and self-immolated herself in
the yagna kund. King
Daksha was later killed by the demon Virabhadra,
born out of Shiva's anger. Later the king was brought to life and
given a goat's head by Shiva.
Daksha Mahadev temple is a tribute to
Sati Kund, another well-known mythological heritage worth a visit is
situated in the Kankhal. Legend has it that Sati immolated herself in
Piran Kaliyar Sharif, built by Ibrahim Lodhi, a ruler of Delhi, this
'Dargah' of Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari, a 13th-century, Sufi Saint
Chishti Order (also known as Sarkar Sabir Pak), in Kaliyar village,
7 km. from Roorkee, is visited by devotees from all over the
world, during the annual 'Urs' festival, which is celebrated from 1st
day of sighting the moon to 16th day of
Rabi al-awwal month, in the
Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar
This Bird Sanctuary is situated on the main
Ganges river, or Neel
Dhara, at the Bhimgoda Barrage, it is a paradise for bird watchers and
home to many migratory birds during the winter season.
This tank is situated at a distance of about 1 km from Har Ki
Pauri. It is said that while
Pandavas were going to
Bhima drew water from the rocks here by thrusting his
knee (goda), to the very ground.
Dudhadhari Barfani Temple
Part of the ashram of Dudhadhari Barfani Baba, this temple complex in
white marble is an example of a temple in Haridwar, especially the
temples of Rama-
Sita and Hanumana.
Sureshvari Devi Temple
Haridwar from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park
Temple of Goddess Sureshwari, situated in midst of Rajaji National
Park. Serene and religious makes this temple abode of worshipers,
saints etc. Located at outskirts of
Haridwar in Ranipur and permission
from forest rangers is necessary. The location of the temple is beyond
the boundary of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Haridwar.
A modern temple, made entirely of glass pieces, Pawan Dham is now a
popular tourist destination. The temple complex was constructed by the
effort of Swami Vedantanand Maharaj and the institute located there is
growing under the leadership of Swami Sahaj Prakash Maharaj. People
from Moga in Punjab have put considerable efforts and money to erect
Bharat Mata Mandir
Main article: Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata Mandir is a multi-storey temple dedicated to Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata Mandir was inaugurated on 15 May 1983 by
Indira Gandhi on the banks of the river Ganges. It is situated
adjacent to the Samanvaya Ashram, and stands eight stories tall to a
height of 180 feet (55 m). Each floor depicts an era in the
Indian history, from the days of Ramayana[dubious – discuss] until
On the first floor is the statue of Bharat Mata. The second floor,
Shur Mandir, is dedicated to the well renowned heroes of India. The
third floor Matri Mandir is dedicated to the achievements of India's
revered women, such as Radha, Mira, Savitri, Draupadi, Ahilya,
Gargi etc. The great saints from various religions,
including Jainism, Sikhism, and
Buddhism are featured on the fourth
floor Sant Mandir. The assembly hall with walls depicting symbolic
coexistence of all religions practised in
India and paintings
portraying history in various provinces, is situated on the fifth
floor. The various forms of the Goddess
Shakti can be seen on the
sixth floor, whilst the seventh floor is devoted to all incarnations
of Lord Vishnu. The eighth floor holds the shrine of Lord
which devotees can gain a view of Himalayas, Haridwar, and the campus
of Sapta Sarovar.
The temple was built under the former
Swami Satyamitranand Giri Maharaj. Since the inception of the Swami
Satyamitranand foundation in 1998, several other branches have been
opened, namely in Renukut, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Indore, and Ahmedabad.
Shiva statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar
Famous places for shopping is Bara Bazar, Moti Bazar, Upper Road,
Ranipur Mor, Jwalapur. Tourists usually buy items of devotion and
inexpensive ornaments. There are large number of shops throughout
Haridwar where one can buy devotional items ranging from Rudraksha
ornaments, Religious pictures and deity statues to music cassettes of
remixed devotional songs and bhajans. Garments are other major
shopping attraction for locals.
Sapta Rishi Ashram and Sapta Sarovar
A place near Haridwar, where seven great sages or Saptarishis, namely
Kashyapa, Vashishtha, Atri, Vishwamitra, Jamadagni,
Gautama, said to have meditated. The
Ganges split into seven currents
at this place, so that the Rishis would not be disturbed by the
Situated in Harihar Ashram, Kankhal. Parad Shivalinga (Mercury
Shivalinga) weighing about 150 kg and
Rudraksha tree are the main
attractions here.
Situated in Shravan Nath Nagar of the town near railway station, this
is the main ashram of Ramanand Sampraday in Haridwar. Mahant Bhagwan
Das is the chief of this ashram.
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir
This temple was built in 1990 by jain saint Shri Padam Sagar Suri.
This temple is built by
Jaisalmer stone in Jain architectural style.
Moolnayak of this temple is a black colored idol of Chintamani
Parshwnath Bhagwan in Padmasan posture. Idols of Shri Parshv Yaksh and
Mata Padmawati on both sides of the main idol. There is alson an idol
of Rishabhanatha made up of white marble. There is small temple of
Shri Ghantakaran Mahavir Ji and charan-paduka's (foot imprints) near
this temple. The temple also has a dharmshala for accommodation of
around 1000 pilgrims at a time.
Anandamayi Maa Ashram
Situated in Kankhal, one of five sub-cities of Haridwar, the ashram
houses the samadhi shrine of
Sri Anandamoyi Ma
Sri Anandamoyi Ma (1896–1982), a noted
saint of India.
Shantikunj is the headquarters of famous spiritual and social
All World Gayatri Pariwar (AWGP) established by Pandit
Shriram Sharma Acharya. It is located at a distance of 6 kilometers
Haridwar railway station towards Rishikesh/
Dehradun on NH58. At
the bank of the holy
Ganges and between the Shivalik ranges of the
Himalayas, it is also a place of attraction for tourists as well as
seekers of spiritual guidance.
Patanjali Yogpeeth (Trust)
Patanjali Yogpeeth is situated in Haridwar-
Delhi Highway. This is a
yoga institution and research center of Swami Ramdev. Every day
thousands of people come here for yoga and other purposes.
Ramakrishna Math andd Ramakrishna Mission Sevashrama
This is branch of the worldwide Ramakrishna Movement. The Mission
centre was founded in 1901. The Math centre was started in 1980. The
Math centre conducts daily worship and bhajans, and fortnightly Ramnam
Sankirtan. Celebration of the birthdays of Sri Ramakrishna, Holy
Mother Sri Sarada Devi, Swami Vivekananda and some other saints and
Gurukul Kangri University
Situated in Kankhal, at the banks of the river Ganges,
University is one of the oldest Universities of India, it was founded
in 1902 by
Swami Shraddhananda (1856–1926), according to the tenets
of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj. It has also
been visited by British Trade Union leader
Charles Freer Andrews
Charles Freer Andrews and
British prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald, to study the unique Gurukul
based education system. Here Ancient Vedic and
Ayurveda, Philosophy are part of the curriculum besides Modern
Sciences and Journalism. Its 'Archaeological Museum', (estb. 1945)
houses some rare statues, coins, paintings, manuscripts and artefacts,
Harappa culture (c. 2500–1500 BC). Mahatma Gandhi
visited the campus three times, and stayed in its sprawling and serene
campus for extended periods of time, most notably during the 1915
Kumbh mela, followed by a visit in 1916, when on 20 March, he
Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya was established in 2002 by the act of
Uttarakhand Government is a fully residential university. Run by
Shri Vedmata Gayatri Trust, Shantikunj,
Haridwar (headquarters of All
World Gayatri Pariwar), it provides various degree, diploma and
certificate courses in areas like Yogic Science, Alternative Therapy,
Indian Culture, Tourism, Rural Management, Theology, Spiritual
Counseling etc. It also provides courses through distance learning.
Set up by Government of Uttarakhand, the university is dedicated to
studies of ancient
Sanskrit scriptures and books. Also has curriculum
Hindu rituals, culture and tradition, and boasts of a
building inspired by ancient
Hindu architecture style.
Chinmaya Degree College
Situated in Shivalik Nagar, 10 km from
Haridwar city. one of the
science colleges in Haridwar.
There are two State Ayurvedic College & Hospital in Haridwar, one
is Rishikul State Ayurvedic College (has PG level courses) and other
Gurukul Ayurvedic College.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (Roshnabad, Haridwar)
Campion School ICSE
Angels' Academy Senior Secondary School- Baharabad
Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 1 BHEL
Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 5 BHEL
Bal Bharti Senior Secondary School Sector - 4 BHEL
Gyan Deep School Sector - 4 BHEL
Bal Bhawan Sector - 1 BHEL
St. Mary's Senior Secondary School
Bhagirathi Vidyalaya Senior Secondary CBSE School, Haripurkalan
Delhi Public School, Haridwar
D.A.V. Centenary Public School
Kendriya Vidyalaya 1 & 2, B.H.E.L. Haridwar
Pannalal Bhalla Municipal Inter College
Arya Inter College
Ganges Public School
School of Computer Education, B.H.E.L. Haridwar
Whizzkid International School.
Bal Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 1 BHEL
The Wisdom Global School, Jwalapur
Swami Hariharanand Public School, Kankhal
Important areas within the city
B.H.E.L., Ranipur Township The campus of Bharat Heavy Electricals
Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) is spread across
an area of 12 km². The main factory consists of two divisions:
the Heavy Electricals Equipment Plant (HEEP), and the Central Foundry
Forge Plant (CFFP). Together they employ over 8000 skilled employees.
The campus is divided into six sectors providing excellent
residential, schooling and medical facilities.
Bahadrabad – 7 km. It is located on the Haridwar–Delhi
National Highway at a distance of 7 km from Haridwar. Close by,
in village Pathri, lies the
Bhimgoda Barrage built on the Upper Ganges
Canal in 1955. It also has a block development office responsible for
many developed villages (e.g. Khedli, Kisanpur Rohalki, Atmalpur
Bongla, Sitapur, Alipur, Salempur).
SIDCUL – 5 km. A massive industrial area, spread over 2034
acres, developed by State Industrial Development Corporation of
Uttarakhand (SIDCUL), a state government body. With the arrival of big
enterprises like ITC, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Dabur, Mahindra
& Mahindra, Havells and Kirby,
SIDCUL is set to develop into
another industrial township within the city. 3 km away from the
Delhi-Hardwar National Highway,
SIDCUL lies adjacent to the BHEL
Township, an important Public Sector township.
Jwalapur An old part of the city, Jwalapur is the financial and
industrial capital of the city, and now an important trading and
shopping centre for the locals. The town dates back to 1700 AD. This
town was called Mohammed pura and ruled by a local Muslim ruler. In
early 1600s the family of Sisodias from Mewar, descendants of Rana
Pratap, fleeing from the Mughal invasion, came to settle on the
outskirts of Haridwar. The families lived quietly for almost a
generation to avoid detection. Local people renamed their surname to
Mehta. It is firmly believed that in early 1700 the Mehtas dislodged
the Muslim ruler and renamed the town as Jwalapur. This family
subsequently settled in Jwalapur itself and intermarried with the
Cheela Dam A good picnic spot with a dam and a man-made lake nearby.
Elephants and other wild animals may be spotted.
Shivalik Nagar One of the newest and biggest residential areas of
Haridwar. It is divided into various clusters. It was originally
developed as a residential colony for
BHEL employees, but with the
advent of SIDCUL, population and financial activity has grown rapidly
in the area due to its proximity.
Milestone en route Haridwar
Haridwar Railway station
Haridwar is headquarters of
Haridwar district and it has good
connectivity with the other towns of the district and the state.
National Highway 58, between
Mana Pass passes through
Haridwar connecting it with Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzzafarnagar, Roorkee
Badrinath and National Highway 74 originating from Haridwar
connects it with Kashipur, Kichha, Nagina,
Pilibhit and Bareilly.
Haridwar is well connected to all major cities by bus. Buses from
Haridwar are available daily, more than 150 buses are
Haridwar Railway Station
Haridwar Railway Station located in
Haridwar is under the control
of the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct
links the major cities of
India such as Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai,
Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ahmedabad, Patna, Gaya, Varanasi, Allahabad,
Bareilly, Lucknow, Puri, and major cities of Central
Bhopal, and Indore, khandwa, Itarsi.
The nearest domestic airport is
Jolly Grant Airport
Jolly Grant Airport in
is a located 35 km from Haridwar.
Indira Gandhi International
Airport in New
Delhi is the nearest International Airport.
Haridwar is rapidly developing as an important industrial township of
Uttarakhand since the state government agency,
SIDCUL established in
2002, set up the Integrated Industrial Estate in a district attracting
many important industrial houses which are setting up manufacturing
facilities in the area.
Haridwar has a thriving industrial area situated at the bypass road,
comprising mainly ancillary units to PSU, BHEL, which was established
here in 1964 and currently employs over 8000 people.
Hans Ji Maharaj
Narender Pal Singh
John Duncan Grant
Raza Ali Abidi
Krishna Chandra Sharma
Haridwar Kumbh Mela
^ Hardwar Population Census 2011
^ a b "haridwar City Polulation Census of India, 2011". Office of the
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^ Gangadwára, the place where the
Ganges descends to the plains ...
Daksha (From the Vayu Purana.) The
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^ a b c d e
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from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.
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^ History The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 570.
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Mahatma Gandhi at
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Official website of
Hindu holy cities
Chota Char Dham
Six Abodes of Murugan
Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram
Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval
Pushpagiri Temple Complex
Dakshineswar Kali Temple
Katra Vaishno Devi
Prayag (Triveni Sangam)
Tirtha Empul Temple
Pura Ulun Danu Bratan
Pura Luhur Ulu Watu
Pura Ulun Danu Batur
Pathirakali Amman Temple
Thambiluvil Sri Kannaki amman temple
Thambiluvil Sri Sivalinga Pillayar Temple
Thirukkovil Sithira Velayutha Swami Kovil
Cities and towns in
Cities and towns
in other districts
Udham Singh Nagar
Municipalities of Uttarakhand
Mahua Dabra Haripura
Muni Ki Reti
Hindustani-speaking areas of India
See also: Hindi Belt
North East Delhi
North West Delhi
South West Delhi
Lahul and Spiti
Gautam Buddha Nagar
Sant Kabir Nagar
Sant Ravidas Nagar