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Haridwar
Haridwar
(pron:ˈhʌrɪˌdwɑ:)  pronunciation (help·info), also spelled Hardwar, is an ancient city and municipality in the Haridwar district
Haridwar district
of Uttarakhand, India. The River Ganga, after flowing for 253 kilometres (157 mi) from its source at Gaumukh
Gaumukh
at the edge of the Gangotri
Gangotri
Glacier, enters the Indo-Gangetic Plains of North India
India
for the first time at Haridwar, which gave the city its ancient name, Gangadwára. Haridwar
Haridwar
is regarded as one of the seven holiest places (Sapta Puri) to Hindus. According to the Samudra manthan,[3] Haridwar
Haridwar
along with Ujjain, Nashik
Nashik
and Prayag
Prayag
(Allahabad) is one of four sites where drops of Amrit, the elixir of immortality, accidentally spilled over from the pitcher while being carried by the celestial bird Garuda. This is manifested in the Kumbha
Kumbha
Mela, which is celebrated every 12 years in Haridwar. During the Haridwar
Haridwar
Kumbh Mela, millions of pilgrims, devotees, and tourists congregate in Haridwar
Haridwar
to perform ritualistic bathing on the banks of the river Ganges
Ganges
to wash away their sins to attain Moksha. Brahma Kund, the spot where the Amrit fell, is located at Har ki Pauri
Har ki Pauri
(literally, "footsteps of the Lord") and is considered to be the most sacred ghat of Haridwar.[4] It is also the primary center of the Kanwar pilgrimage, in which millions of participants gather sacred water from the Ganga and carry it across hundreds of miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.[5] Haridwar
Haridwar
is the headquarters and the largest city of the district. Today, the city is developing beyond its religious importance, with the fast developing industrial estate of State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
(SIDCUL), and the close by township of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
as well as its affiliated ancillaries. Haridwar
Haridwar
presents a kaleidoscope of Indian culture and development. In the sacred writings it has been differently specified as Kapilsthan, Gangadwar and Mayapuri. It is additionally a passage indicate the Char Dham (the four principle focuses of journey in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
viz, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri), subsequently, Shaivaites (adherents of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (devotees of Lord Vishnu) call this place Hardwar and Haridwar
Haridwar
individually, relating to Har being Shiv and Hari
Hari
being Vishnu.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Seven Holy Places 3 History 4 Geography and climate

4.1 Climate

5 Cityscape 6 Hindu
Hindu
genealogy registers at Haridwar 7 Demographics 8 Places of interest

8.1 Har Ki Pauri 8.2 Chandi
Chandi
Devi Temple 8.3 Mansa Devi Temple 8.4 Maya Devi Temple 8.5 Kankhal 8.6 Piran Kaliyar 8.7 Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar 8.8 Bhimgoda Tank 8.9 Dudhadhari Barfani Temple 8.10 Sureshvari Devi Temple 8.11 Pawan Dham 8.12 Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata
Mandir 8.13 Shopping 8.14 Sapta Rishi Ashram and Sapta Sarovar 8.15 Parad Shivling 8.16 Ramanand Ashram 8.17 Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir 8.18 Anandamayi Maa Ashram 8.19 Shantikunj 8.20 Patanjali Yogpeeth
Patanjali Yogpeeth
(Trust) 8.21 Ramakrishna Math andd Ramakrishna Mission Sevashrama

9 Educational institutions

9.1 Gurukul
Gurukul
Kangri University 9.2 Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya 9.3 Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
University 9.4 Chinmaya Degree College 9.5 Other colleges 9.6 Other schools

10 Important areas within the city 11 Transport

11.1 Road 11.2 Rail 11.3 Air

12 Industry 13 Notable people 14 See also 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links

Etymology[edit]

Meandering main Ganga river, known here as Neel Dhara (left) and the Ganga canal (right), passing through Haridwar

The name of the town has two spellings: Hardwar and Haridwar. Each of these names has its own connotation. Hari
Hari
means "Lord Vishnu". So, Haridwar
Haridwar
stands for " The Gateway to Lord Vishnu". In order to reach Badrinath, one of the four Char Dhams, with a temple of Lord Vishnu, Haridwar
Haridwar
is a typical place to start a pilgrim's journey. Therefore, the name Haridwar. On the other hand, in Sanskrit, Hara means "Lord Shiva" and Dwara means "gate" or "gateway".[3] Hence, Hardwar stands for "Gateway to Lord Shiva". Hardwar has been a typical place to start a pilgrim's journey in order to reach Mount Kailash, the eternal abode of Lord Shiva, Kedarnath, the northernmost Jyotirlinga
Jyotirlinga
and one of the sites of the smaller Char Dham
Char Dham
pilgrimage circuit and Gaumukh, the source of River Ganga. Har ki Pauri
Har ki Pauri
or footsteps of Lord Shiva
Shiva
is considered the most sacred site in Hardwar. Haridwar
Haridwar
is also known as the home of Devi Sati and the palace of her father Daksha. In ancient times, the town was also referred to as Gangadwára (गंगाद्वार), the place where the Ganges descends to the plains.[6]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Hurdwar, a poem by L. E. L.

In the annotations to her poem 'Hurdwar. A Place of Hindoo Pilgrimage', Letitia Elizabeth Landon
Letitia Elizabeth Landon
provides information on this name derivation, and also the story of the supposed origin of the 'River Ganges'. Seven Holy Places[edit] Main article: Sapta Puri "Ayodhyā Mathurā Māyā Kāśī Kāñcī Avantikā Purī Dvārāvatī caiva saptaitā mokṣadāyikāḥ"– Garuḍa Purāṇa I XVI .14 Lit. Ayodhya, Mathura, Haridwar, Kasi, Kanchi, Avantika and Dwaraka are the seven holy places.[7] Note the use of puranic name 'Maya' for Haridwar. As also the inter-change usage of Puri
Puri
and Dwaraka. The Garuḍa Purāṇa enumerates seven cities as giver of Moksha. Haridwar
Haridwar
is said to be one of the seven most holy Hindu
Hindu
places (=Kṣetra) in India, with Varanasi
Varanasi
usually considered the holiest. A Kṣetra is a sacred ground, a field of active power, a place where Moksha, final release can be obtained. History[edit] Main article: Haridwar
Haridwar
in scriptures

Prince Bhagiratha
Bhagiratha
in penance for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors.

In the scriptures, Haridwar
Haridwar
has been variously mentioned as Kapilasthana, Gangadwara[8] and Mayapuri. It is also an entry point to the Char Dham
Char Dham
(the four main centres of pilgrimage in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
viz, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri), hence, Shaivaites (followers of Lord Shiva) and Vaishnavites (followers of Lord Vishnu) call this place Hardwar and Haridwar
Haridwar
respectively, corresponding to Hara being Shiv and Hari
Hari
being Vishnu.[8][9][10]

Gangadhara, Shiva
Shiva
bearing the Descent of the Ganges
Ganges
River as Parvati and Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on. circa 1740

"O Yudhishthira, the spot where Ganga rusheth past, cleaving the foremost of mountains which is frequented by Gandharvas
Gandharvas
and Yakshas and Rakshasas
Rakshasas
and Apsaras, and inhabited by hunters, and Kinnaras, is called Gangadwara (Haridwar). O King, Sanatkumara
Sanatkumara
regardeth that spot visited by Brahmarshis, as also the Tirtha Kanakhala (that is near to it), as sacred."

The Mahabharata, Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XC.[11]

In the Vanaparva of the Mahabharat, where sage Dhaumya tells Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
about the tirthas of India, Gangadwar, i.e., Haridwar
Haridwar
and Kankhal, have been referred to,[12] the text also mentions that Agastya
Agastya
Rishi did penance here, with the help of his wife, Lopamudra (the princess of Vidharba).[13] Sage Kapila
Kapila
is said to have an ashram here giving it, its ancient name, Kapila
Kapila
or Kapilasthana.[14] The legendary King, Bhagiratha, the great-grandson of the Suryavanshi King Sagar (an ancestor of Rama),[15] is said to have brought the river Ganges
Ganges
down from heaven, through years of penance in Satya Yuga, for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors from the curse of the saint Kapila, a tradition continued by thousands of devout Hindus, who brings the ashes of their departed family members, in hope of their salvation.[16] Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
is said to have left his footprint on the stone that is set in the upper wall of Har Ki Pauri, where the Holy Ganges
Ganges
touches it at all times. Haridwar
Haridwar
came under the rule of the Maurya Empire
Maurya Empire
(322–185 BCE), and later under the Kushan Empire
Kushan Empire
(c. 1st–3rd centuries). Archaeological findings have proved that terra cotta culture dating between 1700 BCE and 1200 BCE existed in this region.[10] First modern era written evidence of Haridwar
Haridwar
is found in the accounts of a Chinese traveller, Huan Tsang, who visited India
India
in 629 AD.[17] during the reign of King Harshavardhan (590–647) records Haridwar
Haridwar
as 'Mo-yu-lo', the remains of which still exist at Mayapur, a little to the south of the modern town. Among the ruins are a fort and three temples, decorated with broken stone sculptures,[9][18][19] he also mentions the presence of a temple, north of Mo-yu-lo called 'Gangadwara', Gateway of the Ganges.[9]

Head of the Ganges
Ganges
Canal, Haridwar, ca 1894–1898.

Haridwar
Haridwar
from opposite bank of the Ganges, 1866

The city also fell to the Central Asian conqueror Timur
Timur
Lang (1336–1405) on 13 January 1399.[20] During his visit to Haridwar, first Sikh
Sikh
Guru, Guru Nanak (1469–1539) bathed at 'Kushawart Ghat', wherein the famous, 'watering the crops' episode took place,[21][22] his visit is today commemorated by a gurudwara ( Gurudwara
Gurudwara
Nanakwara), according to two Sikh
Sikh
Janamsakhis, this visit took place on the Baisakhi
Baisakhi
day in 1504 AD, he later also visited Kankhal
Kankhal
en route to Kotdwara
Kotdwara
in Garhwal.[23] Pandas of the Haridwar
Haridwar
have been known to keep genealogy records of most of the Hindu
Hindu
population. Known as vahis, these records are updated on each visit to the city, and are a repository of vast family trees of family in North India.[23] Ain-e-Akbari, written by Abul Fazal in the 16th century during the reign of Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
Akbar, refers to it as Maya (Mayapur), known as Hardwar on the Ganges", as seven sacred cities of Hindus. It further mentions it is eighteen kos (each approx. 2 km) in length, and large numbers of pilgrims assemble on the 10th of Chaitra.[24] It also mentions that during his travels and also while at home, Mughal Emperor, Akbar
Akbar
drank water from the Ganges
Ganges
river, which he called 'the water of immortality'. Special
Special
people were stationed at Sorun and later Haridwar
Haridwar
to dispatch water, in sealed jars, to wherever he was stationed[25] During the Mughal period, there was mint for Akbar's copper coinage at Haridwar. It is said that Raja Man Singh
Man Singh
of Amber, laid that foundation of the present day city of Haridwar
Haridwar
and also renovated the ghats at Har Ki Pauri. After his death, his ashes are also said to have been immersed at Brahma Kund. Thomas Coryat, an English traveller, who visited the city in the reign of Emperor Jahangir (1596–1627) mentions it as 'Haridwara', the capital of Shiva.[9] Being one of the oldest living cities, Haridwar
Haridwar
finds its mention in the ancient Hindu
Hindu
scriptures as it weaves through the life and time stretching from the period of the Buddha, to the more recent British advent. Haridwar
Haridwar
has a rich and ancient religious and cultural heritage. It still has many old havelis and mansions bearing exquisite murals and intricate stonework. One of the two major dams on the river Ganges, the Bhimgoda, is situated here. Built in 1840s, it diverts the waters of the Ganges
Ganges
to the Upper Ganges
Ganges
Canal, which irrigated the surrounding lands. Though this caused severe deterioration to the Ganges
Ganges
water flow, and is a major cause for the decay of the Ganges
Ganges
as an inland waterway, which till 18th century was used heavily by the ships of the East India Company, and a town as high up as Tehri, was considered a port city The headworks of the Ganges
Ganges
Canal system are located in Haridwar. The Upper Ganges
Ganges
Canal was opened in 1854 after the work began in April 1842,[26] prompted by the famine of 1837–38. The unique feature of the canal is the half-kilometre-long aqueduct over Solani river at Roorkee, which raises the canal 25 metres above the original river.

Haridwar
Haridwar
as a part of the United Province, 1903

' Haridwar
Haridwar
Union Municipality' was constituted in 1868, which included the then villages of Mayapur
Mayapur
and Kankhal. Haridwar
Haridwar
was first connected with railways, via Laksar, through branch line in 1886, when the Awadh and Rohilakhand
Rohilakhand
Railway line was extended through Roorkee
Roorkee
to Saharanpur, this was later extended to Dehradun
Dehradun
in 1900.[27] In 1901, it had a population of 25,597 and was a part of the Roorkee tehsil, in Saharanpur
Saharanpur
district of the United Province,[9] and remained so till the creation of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
in 1947.[28] Haridwar
Haridwar
has been an abode of the weary in body, mind and spirit. It has also been a centre of attraction for learning various arts, science, and culture. The city has a long-standing position as a great source of Ayurvedic medicines and herbal remedies and is home to the unique Gurukul
Gurukul
(school of traditional education), including the Gurukul
Gurukul
Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, which has a vast campus, and has been providing traditional education of its own kind, since 1902. Development of Haridwar
Haridwar
took an upturn in the 1960s, with the setting up of a temple of modern civilisation, BHEL, a ' Maharatna PSU' in 1975, which brought along not just a its own township of BHEL, Ranipur, close to the existing Ranipur village, but also a set of ancillaries in the region. The University of Roorkee, now IIT Roorkee, is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutes of learning in the fields of science and engineering. Geography and climate[edit]

Neeldhara Bird Sanctuary at the main Ganges
Ganges
Canal, before Bhimgoda Barrage, also showing signs of an ancient port.

The Ganges
Ganges
emerges from the mountains to touch the plains. The water in the river Ganges
Ganges
is mostly clear and generally cold, except in the rainy season, during which soil from the upper regions flows down into it. The river Ganges
Ganges
flows in a series of channels separated from each other called aits, most of which are well wooded. Other minor seasonal streams are Ranipur Rao, Pathri Rao, Ravi Rao, Harnaui Rao, Begham Nadi etc.[29] A large part of the district is forested, and Rajaji National Park is within the bounds of the district, making it an ideal destination for wildlife and adventure lovers. Rajaji is accessible through different gates; the Ramgarh Gate and Mohand Gate are within 25 km of Dehradun, while the Motichur, Ranipur and Chilla Gates are just about 9 km from Haridwar. Kunaon Gate is 6 km from Rishikesh, and Laldhang
Laldhang
gate is 25 km from Kotdwara. Haridwar
Haridwar
district, covering an area of about 2360 km², is in the southwestern part of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state of India. Haridwar
Haridwar
is situated at height of 314 metres from the sea level, between Shivalik Hills
Shivalik Hills
in the North and Northeast and the Ganges
Ganges
River in the South.[29] Climate[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2010)

Temperatures:

Summers: 25 °C – 44 °C Winters: −2 °C – 24 °C[30]

Climate data for Haridwar

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 20 (68) 22 (72) 27 (81) 33 (91) 36 (97) 34 (93) 31 (88) 30 (86) 30 (86) 29 (84) 26 (79) 22 (72) 28.3 (83.1)

Average low °C (°F) 7 (45) 9 (48) 13 (55) 18 (64) 21 (70) 23 (73) 23 (73) 23 (73) 21 (70) 17 (63) 11 (52) 8 (46) 16.2 (61)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 72 (2.83) 76 (2.99) 78 (3.07) 55 (2.17) 113 (4.45) 296 (11.65) 599 (23.58) 568 (22.36) 301 (11.85) 102 (4.02) 23 (0.91) 91 (3.58) 2,374 (93.46)

Source: Sunmap

Cityscape[edit]

Panoramic view of Har ki Pauri

Panorama of Haridwar
Haridwar
city from Mansa Devi Temple

Ganga sparsh of Suryadeva for a Pleasant Evening.

Hindu
Hindu
genealogy registers at Haridwar[edit] Main article: Hindu
Hindu
genealogy registers at Haridwar

Main bathing Ghat, at Haridwar, in 1880s.

Something that is not well known today to Indians and to those settled abroad, in an ancient custom detailed family genealogies of Hindu families for the past several generations are kept by professional Hindu
Hindu
Brahmins popularly known as Pandas, at the Hindu
Hindu
holy city of Haridwar
Haridwar
in hand written registers passed down to them over generations by their Brahmin
Brahmin
ancestors which are classified according to original districts and villages of one's ancestors, with special designated Brahmin
Brahmin
families being in charge of designated district registers, even for cases where ancestral districts and villages that have been left behind in Pakistan
Pakistan
after Partition of India
India
with Hindus having to migrate to India. In several cases present day descendants are now Sikhs
Sikhs
and many maybe Muslims
Muslims
or even Christians. It is common for one to find details of up to, or even more than, ones seven past generations in these genealogy registers kept by the Pandas of Haridwar. For centuries when Hindu
Hindu
ancestors visited the holy town of Haridwar for any purpose which may have mostly been for pilgrimage purposes or/and for cremation of their dead or for immersion of ashes and bones of their kin after cremation into the waters of the holy river Ganges as required by Hindu
Hindu
religious custom, it has been an ancient custom to go to the Pandit who is in charge of one's family register and update the family's genealogical family tree with details of all marriages, births and deaths from ones extended joint family. In present-day India
India
people visiting Haridwar
Haridwar
are dumbfounded when Pandas out of the blue solicit them to come and update their very own ancestral genealogical family tree. News travels like wildfire among the Pandas with ones family's designated Panda being quickly notified of ones visit. Nowadays with Hindu
Hindu
joint family system having broken down with people preferring more nuclear families, record keeping Pandits prefer visitors to Haridwar
Haridwar
to come prepared after getting in touch with all of ones extended family and bringing all relevant details regarding ones ancestral district and village, names of grand parents and great grand parents and marriages, births and deaths that have occurred in the extended family, even with as much details as possible of the families married into. A visiting family member is required to personally sign the family genealogical register furnished by ones Family
Family
Panda after updating it for future family visitors and generations to see and to authenticate the updated entries. Friends and other family members accompanying on the visit may also be requested to sign as witnesses. However it is preferable to visit one's family pandas before immerson of ashes of one's kin as they will help properly in this rituals. Demographics[edit]

Religions in Haridwar[31]

Religion

Percent

Hindus

82.66%

Muslims

15.70%

Christians

0.26%

Jains

0.13%

Others†

1.2%

Distribution of religions †Includes Sikhs
Sikhs
(1%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2001[update] India
India
census,[32] Haridwar district
Haridwar district
now has population of 1,890,422 (2011) and before had 1,447,187 (2001) Haridwar
Haridwar
city has 310,562 population (2011). Males constitute 54% of the population and females, 46%. Haridwar
Haridwar
has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 64%. In Haridwar, 12% of the population is under six years of age. Places of interest[edit]

“ "Haridvāre Kuśāvarte Bilvake Nīla parvate snatvā Kanakhale tīrth punarjanma na vidyate"

Ganga River - Haridwar

The Clock Tower on the Malviya Dwip at Har Ki Pauri.

View of the 'Evening Aarti' at Har Ki Pauri

In Hindu
Hindu
traditions, the 'Panch Tirth' (Five Pilgrimages) within Haridwar, are "Gangadwar" (Har ki Pauri), Kushawart ( Ghat
Ghat
in Kankhal), Bilwa Tirtha (Mansa Devi Temple) and Neel Parvat ( Chandi
Chandi
Devi Temple). There are several other temples and ashrams located in and around the city. Also, alcohol and non-vegetarian food is not permitted in Haridwar. Har Ki Pauri[edit] Main article: Har ki Pauri

The Haridwar Kumbh Mela
Haridwar Kumbh Mela
is held in every 12 years and the date is determined by Hindu
Hindu
astrology

This sacred Ghat
Ghat
was constructed by King Vikramaditya
Vikramaditya
(1st century BC) in memory of his brother Bharthari. It is believed that Bharthari came to Haridwar
Haridwar
and meditated on the banks of the holy Ganges. When he died, his brother constructed a Ghat
Ghat
in his name, which later came to be known as Har Ki Pauri. The most sacred ghat within Har Ki Pauri
Pauri
is Brahmakund. The evening prayer (Aarti) at dusk offered to Goddess Ganga at Har Ki Pauri
Pauri
(steps of God Hara or Shiva) is an enchanting experience for any visitor. A spectacle of sound and colour is seen when, after the ceremony, pilgrims float Diyas (floral floats with lamps) and incense on the river, commemorating their deceased ancestors. Thousands of people from all around the world do make a point to attend this prayer on their visit to Haridwar. A majority of present ghats were largely developed in the 1800s. On the night of Dussehra or a few days before that the Ganga Canal is dried in Haridwar
Haridwar
to clean the riverbed. The water is restored on Dewali. It is believed that on Dussera Maa Ganga goes to her father's house and returns after Bhai Duj or Bhai Phota. It is for this reason that the waters in the Ganga canal in Haridwar
Haridwar
are partially dried on the night of Dussehra and the waters are restored on the day of Bhai Duj or Bhai Phota.[33][34] Chandi
Chandi
Devi Temple[edit] Main article: Chandi
Chandi
Devi Temple, Haridwar The temple is dedicated to Goddess Chandi, who sits atop the 'Neel Parvat' on the eastern bank of the river Ganges. It was constructed in 1929 A.D. by the king of Kashmir, Suchat Singh. Skanda Purana
Skanda Purana
mentions a legend, in which Chanda-Munda, the Army Chief of a local Demon Kings Shumbha and Nishumbha were killed by goddess Chandi
Chandi
here, after which the place got the name Chandi
Chandi
Devi. It is believed that the main statue was established by the Adi Shankaracharya
Shankaracharya
in 8th century A.D. The temple is a 3 km trek from Chandighat and can also be reached through a ropeway. Mansa Devi Temple[edit] Main article: Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar Situated at the top of Bilwa Parwat, the temple of Goddess Mansa Devi, literally meaning the Goddess who fulfills desires (Mansa), is a popular tourist destination, especially because of the cable cars, which offer views of the city.[citation needed] The main temple houses two idols of the Goddess, one with three mouths and five arms, while the other one has eight arms. Maya Devi Temple[edit] Main article: Maya Devi Temple, Haridwar Dating to the 11th century, this ancient temple of Maya Devi, the Adhishthatri Devi (Patron Goddess) of Haridwar, is considered one of the Siddhapithas and is said to be the place where the heart and navel of Goddess Sati had fallen. It is one of few ancient temples still standing in Haridwar, along with Narayani Shila temple and Bhairav Temple. Kankhal[edit]

Das Mahavidya temple, Daksheswara Mahadev temple

Ropeway to Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar.

Bholanath Sevashram temple by the Ganges, Haridwar

Main article: Daksheswara Mahadev Temple The ancient temple of Daksha
Daksha
Mahadev also known as Daksheshwar Mahadev Temple, is situated in the south Kankhal
Kankhal
town. According to Hindu texts, King Daksha
Daksha
Prajapati, father of Dakshayani, Lord Shiva's first wife, performed a yagña, to which he deliberately did not invite Lord Shiva. When she arrived uninvited, he was further insulted by the king, seeing which Sati felt infuriated and self-immolated herself in the yagna kund. King Daksha
Daksha
was later killed by the demon Virabhadra, born out of Shiva's anger. Later the king was brought to life and given a goat's head by Shiva. Daksha
Daksha
Mahadev temple is a tribute to this legend. Sati Kund, another well-known mythological heritage worth a visit is situated in the Kankhal. Legend has it that Sati immolated herself in this kund. Piran Kaliyar[edit] Piran Kaliyar Sharif, built by Ibrahim Lodhi, a ruler of Delhi, this 'Dargah' of Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari, a 13th-century, Sufi Saint of Chishti Order
Chishti Order
(also known as Sarkar Sabir Pak), in Kaliyar village, 7 km. from Roorkee,[35] is visited by devotees from all over the world, during the annual 'Urs' festival, which is celebrated from 1st day of sighting the moon to 16th day of Rabi al-awwal
Rabi al-awwal
month, in the Islamic calendar. Neel Dhara Pakshi Vihar[edit] This Bird Sanctuary is situated on the main Ganges
Ganges
river, or Neel Dhara, at the Bhimgoda Barrage, it is a paradise for bird watchers and home to many migratory birds during the winter season. Bhimgoda Tank[edit] This tank is situated at a distance of about 1 km from Har Ki Pauri. It is said that while Pandavas
Pandavas
were going to Himalayas
Himalayas
through Haridwar, prince Bhima
Bhima
drew water from the rocks here by thrusting his knee (goda), to the very ground. Dudhadhari Barfani Temple[edit] Part of the ashram of Dudhadhari Barfani Baba, this temple complex in white marble is an example of a temple in Haridwar, especially the temples of Rama- Sita
Sita
and Hanumana.[citation needed] Sureshvari Devi Temple[edit]

Haridwar
Haridwar
from Chilla Range, Rajaji National Park

Temple of Goddess Sureshwari, situated in midst of Rajaji National Park. Serene and religious makes this temple abode of worshipers, saints etc. Located at outskirts of Haridwar
Haridwar
in Ranipur and permission from forest rangers is necessary. The location of the temple is beyond the boundary of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Haridwar. Pawan Dham[edit] A modern temple, made entirely of glass pieces, Pawan Dham is now a popular tourist destination. The temple complex was constructed by the effort of Swami Vedantanand Maharaj and the institute located there is growing under the leadership of Swami Sahaj Prakash Maharaj. People from Moga in Punjab have put considerable efforts and money to erect this place. Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata
Mandir[edit] Main article: Bharat Mata Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata
Mandir is a multi-storey temple dedicated to Bharat Mata (Mother India). Bharat Mata
Bharat Mata
Mandir was inaugurated on 15 May 1983 by Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
on the banks of the river Ganges. It is situated adjacent to the Samanvaya Ashram, and stands eight stories tall to a height of 180 feet (55 m). Each floor depicts an era in the Indian history, from the days of Ramayana[dubious – discuss] until India's independence. On the first floor is the statue of Bharat Mata. The second floor, Shur Mandir, is dedicated to the well renowned heroes of India. The third floor Matri Mandir is dedicated to the achievements of India's revered women, such as Radha, Mira, Savitri, Draupadi, Ahilya, Anusuya, Maitri, Gargi etc. The great saints from various religions, including Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhism
Buddhism
are featured on the fourth floor Sant Mandir. The assembly hall with walls depicting symbolic coexistence of all religions practised in India
India
and paintings portraying history in various provinces, is situated on the fifth floor. The various forms of the Goddess Shakti
Shakti
can be seen on the sixth floor, whilst the seventh floor is devoted to all incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The eighth floor holds the shrine of Lord Shiva
Shiva
from which devotees can gain a view of Himalayas, Haridwar, and the campus of Sapta Sarovar.[citation needed] The temple was built under the former Shankaracharya
Shankaracharya
Maha-Mandleshwar Swami Satyamitranand Giri Maharaj. Since the inception of the Swami Satyamitranand foundation in 1998, several other branches have been opened, namely in Renukut, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Indore, and Ahmedabad. Shopping[edit]

Shiva
Shiva
statue by the Ganges, across Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar

Famous places for shopping is Bara Bazar, Moti Bazar, Upper Road, Ranipur Mor, Jwalapur. Tourists usually buy items of devotion and inexpensive ornaments. There are large number of shops throughout Haridwar
Haridwar
where one can buy devotional items ranging from Rudraksha ornaments, Religious pictures and deity statues to music cassettes of remixed devotional songs and bhajans. Garments are other major shopping attraction for locals. Sapta Rishi Ashram and Sapta Sarovar[edit] A place near Haridwar, where seven great sages or Saptarishis, namely Kashyapa, Vashishtha, Atri, Vishwamitra, Jamadagni, Bharadwaja
Bharadwaja
and Gautama, said to have meditated. The Ganges
Ganges
split into seven currents at this place, so that the Rishis would not be disturbed by the flow.[citation needed] Parad Shivling[edit] Situated in Harihar Ashram, Kankhal. Parad Shivalinga (Mercury Shivalinga) weighing about 150 kg and Rudraksha
Rudraksha
tree are the main attractions here.[citation needed] Ramanand Ashram[edit] Situated in Shravan Nath Nagar of the town near railway station, this is the main ashram of Ramanand Sampraday in Haridwar. Mahant Bhagwan Das is the chief of this ashram. Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir[edit]

Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir

This temple was built in 1990 by jain saint Shri Padam Sagar Suri. This temple is built by Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer
stone in Jain architectural style. Moolnayak of this temple is a black colored idol of Chintamani Parshwnath Bhagwan in Padmasan posture. Idols of Shri Parshv Yaksh and Mata Padmawati on both sides of the main idol. There is alson an idol of Rishabhanatha made up of white marble. There is small temple of Shri Ghantakaran Mahavir Ji and charan-paduka's (foot imprints) near this temple. The temple also has a dharmshala for accommodation of around 1000 pilgrims at a time.[36][37][38] Anandamayi Maa Ashram[edit] Situated in Kankhal, one of five sub-cities of Haridwar, the ashram houses the samadhi shrine of Sri Anandamoyi Ma
Sri Anandamoyi Ma
(1896–1982), a noted saint of India. Shantikunj[edit]

Pantanjali Yogpeeth

Shantikunj
Shantikunj
is the headquarters of famous spiritual and social organisation All World Gayatri Pariwar (AWGP) established by Pandit Shriram Sharma Acharya. It is located at a distance of 6 kilometers from Haridwar
Haridwar
railway station towards Rishikesh/ Dehradun
Dehradun
on NH58. At the bank of the holy Ganges
Ganges
and between the Shivalik ranges of the Himalayas, it is also a place of attraction for tourists as well as seekers of spiritual guidance. Patanjali Yogpeeth
Patanjali Yogpeeth
(Trust)[edit] Patanjali Yogpeeth
Patanjali Yogpeeth
is situated in Haridwar- Delhi
Delhi
Highway. This is a yoga institution and research center of Swami Ramdev. Every day thousands of people come here for yoga and other purposes. Ramakrishna Math andd Ramakrishna Mission Sevashrama[edit] This is branch of the worldwide Ramakrishna Movement. The Mission centre was founded in 1901. The Math centre was started in 1980. The Math centre conducts daily worship and bhajans, and fortnightly Ramnam Sankirtan. Celebration of the birthdays of Sri Ramakrishna, Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi, Swami Vivekananda and some other saints and prophets. Educational institutions[edit] Gurukul
Gurukul
Kangri University[edit] Situated in Kankhal, at the banks of the river Ganges, Gurukul
Gurukul
Kangri University is one of the oldest Universities of India, it was founded in 1902 by Swami Shraddhananda
Swami Shraddhananda
(1856–1926), according to the tenets of Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj. It has also been visited by British Trade Union leader Charles Freer Andrews
Charles Freer Andrews
and British prime minister, Ramsay MacDonald, to study the unique Gurukul based education system. Here Ancient Vedic and Sanskrit
Sanskrit
literature, Ayurveda, Philosophy are part of the curriculum besides Modern Sciences and Journalism. Its 'Archaeological Museum', (estb. 1945) houses some rare statues, coins, paintings, manuscripts and artefacts, starting from Harappa
Harappa
culture (c. 2500–1500 BC). Mahatma Gandhi visited the campus three times, and stayed in its sprawling and serene campus for extended periods of time, most notably during the 1915 Kumbh mela,[39] followed by a visit in 1916, when on 20 March, he spoke at Gurukul
Gurukul
Anniversary.[40] Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya[edit] Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya
was established in 2002 by the act of the Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Government is a fully residential university. Run by Shri Vedmata Gayatri Trust, Shantikunj, Haridwar
Haridwar
(headquarters of All World Gayatri Pariwar), it provides various degree, diploma and certificate courses in areas like Yogic Science, Alternative Therapy, Indian Culture, Tourism, Rural Management, Theology, Spiritual Counseling etc. It also provides courses through distance learning. Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
University[edit] Set up by Government of Uttarakhand, the university is dedicated to studies of ancient Sanskrit
Sanskrit
scriptures and books. Also has curriculum covering ancient Hindu
Hindu
rituals, culture and tradition, and boasts of a building inspired by ancient Hindu
Hindu
architecture style. Chinmaya Degree College[edit] Situated in Shivalik Nagar, 10 km from Haridwar
Haridwar
city. one of the science colleges in Haridwar. Other colleges[edit] There are two State Ayurvedic College & Hospital in Haridwar, one is Rishikul State Ayurvedic College (has PG level courses) and other is Gurukul
Gurukul
Ayurvedic College. Other schools[edit]

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (Roshnabad, Haridwar) Campion School ICSE Angels' Academy Senior Secondary School- Baharabad Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 1 BHEL Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 5 BHEL Bal Bharti Senior Secondary School Sector - 4 BHEL Gyan Deep School Sector - 4 BHEL Bal Bhawan Sector - 1 BHEL St. Mary's Senior Secondary School Bhagirathi Vidyalaya Senior Secondary CBSE School, Haripurkalan Delhi
Delhi
Public School, Haridwar D.A.V. Centenary Public School Kendriya Vidyalaya 1 & 2, B.H.E.L. Haridwar Pannalal Bhalla Municipal Inter College Arya Inter College Holy Ganges
Ganges
Public School School of Computer Education, B.H.E.L. Haridwar Shivedale School Gayatri Vidyapeeth Whizzkid International School. Bal Mandir Senior Secondary School Sector - 1 BHEL The Wisdom Global School, Jwalapur Swami Hariharanand Public School, Kankhal

Important areas within the city[edit] B.H.E.L., Ranipur Township The campus of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, a Maharatna Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) is spread across an area of 12 km². The main factory consists of two divisions: the Heavy Electricals Equipment Plant (HEEP), and the Central Foundry Forge Plant (CFFP). Together they employ over 8000 skilled employees. The campus is divided into six sectors providing excellent residential, schooling and medical facilities. Bahadrabad – 7 km. It is located on the Haridwar–Delhi National Highway at a distance of 7 km from Haridwar. Close by, in village Pathri, lies the Bhimgoda Barrage
Bhimgoda Barrage
built on the Upper Ganges Canal in 1955. It also has a block development office responsible for many developed villages (e.g. Khedli, Kisanpur Rohalki, Atmalpur Bongla, Sitapur, Alipur, Salempur). SIDCUL – 5 km. A massive industrial area, spread over 2034 acres, developed by State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
(SIDCUL), a state government body. With the arrival of big enterprises like ITC, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Dabur, Mahindra & Mahindra, Havells and Kirby, SIDCUL is set to develop into another industrial township within the city. 3 km away from the Delhi-Hardwar National Highway, SIDCUL lies adjacent to the BHEL Township, an important Public Sector township. Jwalapur An old part of the city, Jwalapur is the financial and industrial capital of the city, and now an important trading and shopping centre for the locals. The town dates back to 1700 AD. This town was called Mohammed pura and ruled by a local Muslim ruler. In early 1600s the family of Sisodias from Mewar, descendants of Rana Pratap, fleeing from the Mughal invasion, came to settle on the outskirts of Haridwar. The families lived quietly for almost a generation to avoid detection. Local people renamed their surname to Mehta. It is firmly believed that in early 1700 the Mehtas dislodged the Muslim ruler and renamed the town as Jwalapur. This family subsequently settled in Jwalapur itself and intermarried with the local population. Cheela Dam A good picnic spot with a dam and a man-made lake nearby. Elephants and other wild animals may be spotted. Shivalik Nagar One of the newest and biggest residential areas of Haridwar. It is divided into various clusters. It was originally developed as a residential colony for BHEL
BHEL
employees, but with the advent of SIDCUL, population and financial activity has grown rapidly in the area due to its proximity. Transport[edit]

Milestone en route Haridwar

Haridwar
Haridwar
Railway station

Haridwar
Haridwar
is headquarters of Haridwar district
Haridwar district
and it has good connectivity with the other towns of the district and the state. Road[edit] National Highway 58, between Delhi
Delhi
and Mana Pass
Mana Pass
passes through Haridwar
Haridwar
connecting it with Ghaziabad, Meerut, Muzzafarnagar, Roorkee and Badrinath
Badrinath
and National Highway 74 originating from Haridwar connects it with Kashipur, Kichha, Nagina, Pilibhit
Pilibhit
and Bareilly. Haridwar
Haridwar
is well connected to all major cities by bus. Buses from Delhi
Delhi
to Haridwar
Haridwar
are available daily, more than 150 buses are available. Rail[edit] The Haridwar Railway Station
Haridwar Railway Station
located in Haridwar
Haridwar
is under the control of the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. It has direct links the major cities of India
India
such as Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ahmedabad, Patna, Gaya, Varanasi, Allahabad, Bareilly, Lucknow, Puri, and major cities of Central India
India
namely Bhopal, and Indore, khandwa, Itarsi. Air[edit] The nearest domestic airport is Jolly Grant Airport
Jolly Grant Airport
in Dehradun
Dehradun
which is a located 35 km from Haridwar. Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi
International Airport in New Delhi
Delhi
is the nearest International Airport. Industry[edit] Haridwar
Haridwar
is rapidly developing as an important industrial township of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
since the state government agency, SIDCUL established in 2002, set up the Integrated Industrial Estate in a district attracting many important industrial houses which are setting up manufacturing facilities in the area. Haridwar
Haridwar
has a thriving industrial area situated at the bypass road, comprising mainly ancillary units to PSU, BHEL, which was established here in 1964 and currently employs over 8000 people. Notable people[edit]

Hans Ji Maharaj Satpal Maharaj Prem Rawat Urvashi Rautela Charles Orman Ernest Burdett Rishabh Pant Narender Pal Singh Beatrice Harrison Louisa Durrell John Duncan Grant Usha Verma Vijay Bose Naresh Bedi Raza Ali Abidi Krishna Chandra Sharma Unwan Chishti

See also[edit]

Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

Ahilyabai Holkar Dhangar Garhwal Garhwali people Gurjars Haridwar
Haridwar
district Haridwar
Haridwar
Kumbh Mela Kankhal Tyagis

References[edit]

^ Hardwar Population Census 2011 ^ a b "haridwar City Polulation Census of India, 2011". Office of the Registrar General, India. 2 March 2002. Retrieved 23 August 2015.  ^ a b About Haridwar
Haridwar
sahajaharidwar. ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India
India
through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 178.  ^ Singh, Vikash (2017). Uprising of the Fools. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9781503601673.  ^ Gangadwára, the place where the Ganges
Ganges
descends to the plains ... Sacrifice to Daksha
Daksha
(From the Vayu Purana.) The Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840. p. 62, 62:2. ^ Kramrisch, Stella (25 February 2018). "The Hindu
Hindu
Temple". Motilal Banarsidass Publ. – via Google Books.  ^ a b Places of peace and power sacred sites. ^ a b c d e Roorkee
Roorkee
Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 324. ^ a b Haridwar
Haridwar
History Archived 10 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Haridwar
Haridwar
Official website. ^ Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
The Mahabharata, translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896), Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XC, p 204. ^ Historical, Cultural and Social Perspectives Chapter 3, The Cultural Dimension of Ecology, Baidyanath Saraswati, 1998, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. ISBN 81-246-0102-X. ignca.nic.in. Vanaparva (The Book of the Forest) is third parva, book of Mahabharata. ^ Lopamudra
Lopamudra
The Mahabharata, translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896), Book 3: Vana Parva: Tirthayatra Parva: Section XCVII. ^ Stevenson, William; Burn, Richard; Sutherland, James; Hope, Herbert. The Imperial Gazetteer of India
India
V2. Oxford, Clarendon Press. p. 52. Retrieved 4 May 2017.  ^ "The Descent of the Ganges". www.indiantemples.com.  ^ " Haridwar
Haridwar
Travel Agent, Haridwar
Haridwar
Rishikesh
Rishikesh
Tour, Haridwar
Haridwar
Yatra". www.hardwar.com.  ^ Kumbh Mela Channel 4. ^ Digital Library The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Oxford, 1908, Vol.13, p.51. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hardwar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 944.  ^ History The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 2, p. 570. ^ Munde, Amarpreet Singh. " Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak
(for Children) - A New Way of Teaching". www.gurmat.info.  ^ Life Of Guru Nanak: Chapter IV The Sikh
Sikh
Religion, Volume 1, by Max Arthur Macauliffe (1842–1913), Oxford University Press (1909). page 50-52. ^ a b Janasakhi Janamsakhis
Janamsakhis
of Miharban and Mani Singh, Janamsakhi Tradition, Dr. Kirpal Singh, 2004, Punjabi University, Patiala. ISBN 81-7205-311-8. www.globalsikhstudies.net. ^ Sacred Places of Pilgrimage
Pilgrimage
Ain-e-Akbari, Vol. III, p. 306. ^ Hardwar Ain-e-Akbari, by Abul Fazl 'Allami, Volume I, A´I´N 22. The A´bda´r Kha´nah. P 55. Translated from the original Persian, by Heinrich Blochmann and Colonel Henry Sullivan Jarrett, Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta, 1873–1907. "His Majesty calls this source of life "the water of immortality," and has committed the care of this department to proper persons.... Both at home and on travels, he drinks Ganges
Ganges
water." ^ Upper Ganges
Ganges
Canal The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 12, p. 138. ^ Trade and Communications The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 21, p. 375. ^ History The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 53. ^ a b City Development Plan: Haridwar[permanent dead link] Urban Development Department, Government of Uttarakhand. p.20. ^ New District Haridwar, www.gmvnl.com. ^ Hardwar City Population Census 2011 - Uttarakhand ^ "Census of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "Haridwar". personal.carthage.edu.  ^ "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India
India
- Dehradun
Dehradun
Plus". www.tribuneindia.com.  ^ Piran Kaliyar[permanent dead link] Times of India, 13 March 2003. ^ http://www.jainsamaj.org/rpg_site/literature2.php?id=2596&cat=40&subcat=123&subsubcat=43 ^ haridwarrishikeshtourism.com. " Haridwar
Haridwar
Temples, Haridwar
Haridwar
Temple Tour, List of Temples in Haridwar". www.haridwarrishikeshtourism.com.  ^ "Shri Chintamani Parshwnath Jain Shwetambar Mandir, Haridwar, Uttarkhand". 18 January 2016.  ^ Kumbh Mela 1915 The Story of My Experiments with Truth/Part V/Lakshman Jhula. ^ Chronology of Mahatma Gandhi's life/ India
India
1916 Wiki Source.

Further reading[edit]

Gateway to the Gods: Haridwar-Rishikesh. Rupinder Khullar, Reeta Khullar. 2004, UBS Publishers. ISBN 81-7476-460-7. Hardwar Mela From the Caves and Jungles of Hindostan (1879–80), by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
(1831–1891). Report, by Archaeological Survey of India, Alexander Cunningham. Published by Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, 1871. Chapt 30: Haridwar
Haridwar
or Gangadwara, p. 231–236. Chapter XVII: Himalayas, Hardwar. India, Past and Present, by Charles Harcourt Ainslie Forbes-Lindsay. Published by J.C. Winston, 1903. Page 295.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haridwar.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
at Kumbha
Kumbha
Mela, 1915

Haridwar
Haridwar
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website of Haridwar
Haridwar
district.

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
holy cities

India

Char Dham

Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Dwarka

Dwarkadhish Temple

Puri

Jagannath Temple

Rameswaram

Ramanathaswamy Temple

Chota Char Dham

Badrinath

Badrinath
Badrinath
Temple

Kedarnath

Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Temple

Gangotri Yamunotri

Yamunotri
Yamunotri
Temple

Panch Kedar

Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar Kalpeshwar

Pancharama Kshetras

Amararama Draksharama Ksheerarama Kumararama Somarama

Six Abodes of Murugan

Palani Swamimalai Thiruttani Pazhamudircholai Thiruchendur Tirupparankunram

Trilinga Kshetras

Draksharama Srisailam Kaleshwaram

Ashtavinayaka

Morgaon

Moreshwar

Lenyadri

Girijatmaj

Pali

Ballaleshwar

Mahad

Varadvinayak

Ranjangaon

Mahaganapati

Siddhatek

Siddhivinayak

Ozar

Vighneswar

Theur

Chintamani

Jyotirlinga

Prabhas Patan

Somnath

Srisailam

Mallikājuna

Ujjain

Mahakaleshwar

Omkareshwar Kedarnath

Kedarnath

Shiradhon

Bhimashankar

Varanasi

Kashi Vishvanath

Trimbak

Trimbakeshwar

Deoghar

Vaidyanath

Dwarka

Nageshvara

Rameswaram

Ramanathaswamy

Ellora Caves

Grishneshwar

Panchabhuta Lingas

Srikalahasti
Srikalahasti
Temple

Srikalahasti

Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram

Chidambaram

Annamalaiyar Temple

Tiruvannamalai

Ekambareswarar Temple

Kanchi

Jambukeswarar Temple, Thiruvanaikaval

Others

Pushpagiri Temple Complex Shakti
Shakti
Peethas Ahobilam Ambaji Ambalappuzha Arunachala Annavaram Ayodhya Akshardham (Delhi) Akshardham (Gandhinagar) Basar Bhadrachalam Chidambaram Chitrakoot Chottanikkara Dakor Dharmasthala Dakshineswar Kali Temple Ettumanoor Gaya Gokul Guruvayur Haridwar Indraprastha Jageshwar Kalighat Kanchipuram Katra Vaishno Devi Khatu Kollur Kurukshetra Madurai Mangalagiri Mathura Mayapur Nashik Nathdwara Pandharpur Prayag
Prayag
(Triveni Sangam) Pushkar Rishikesh Ryali Sabarimala Sapta Puri Somnath Sringeri Shirdi Simhachalam Temple Sonamukhi Srirangam Sri Kurmam Tirumala Tirunavaya Tripunithura Udupi Jajpur Vrindavan Vijayawada Yadagirigutta

Indonesia

Prambanan Gebang Gedong Songo Dieng Plateau Sukuh Ceto Temple Penataran Gunung Kawi Cangkuang Penataran
Penataran
Temple Candi Jawi Candi Kidal Candi Singhasari Candi Surawana Balinese temple Tanah Lot Marga Tirtha Empul Temple Denpasar Gianyar Pura Penataran
Penataran
Sasih Pejeng Gianyar Pura Besakih Pura Ulun Danu Bratan Pura Luhur Ulu Watu Pura Ulun Danu Batur

Sri Lanka

Ati Konanayakar Koneswaram Pathirakali Amman Temple Kataragama Munneswaram temple Thambiluvil Sri Kannaki amman temple Thambiluvil Sri Sivalinga Pillayar Temple Thirukkovil Sithira Velayutha Swami Kovil Tenavaram temple

Nepal

Kathmandu Janakpurdham Chataradham

Cambodia

Angkor Wat

v t e

Cities and towns in Haridwar
Haridwar
district

Haridwar

Bahadrabad Bhagwanpur Dhandera Haridwar Jhabrera Laksar Laldhang Landhaura Manglaur Mohanpur Mohammadpur Ranipur Roorkee Roorkee
Roorkee
Cantonment

Cities and towns in other districts

Almora Bageshwar Chamoli Champawat Dehradun Nainital Pauri
Pauri
Garhwal Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Tehri
Tehri
Garhwal Udham Singh Nagar Uttarkashi

v t e

Municipalities of Uttarakhand

Municipal Corporations

Dehradun Haldwani Haridwar Kashipur Roorkee Rudrapur

Municipalities

Almora Bageshwar Bajpur Bhowali Chamoli Gopeshwar Dogadda Gadarpur Jaspur Jyotirmath Khatima Kichha Kotdwar Manglaur Mussoorie Nainital Narendranagar Pauri Pithoragarh Ramnagar Rishikesh Rudraprayag Sitarganj Srinagar Tanakpur Tehri Uttarkashi Vikasnagar

Nagar Panchayats

Badrinath Barkot Bhimtal Chamba Champawat Devprayag Dharchula Didihat Dineshpur Doiwala Dwarahat Gangotri Gochar Herbertpur Jhabrera Kaladungi Karnaprayag Kedarnath Kela Khera Kirtinagar Laksar Lalkuan Landhaura Lohaghat Mahua Dabra Haripura Mahua Kheraganj Muni Ki Reti Nandaprayag Shaktigarh Sultanpur

v t e

Hindustani-speaking areas of India

See also: Hindi Belt

Bihar

Araria Arwal Aurangabad Banka Begusarai Bhagalpur Bhojpur Buxar Darbhanga East Champaran Gaya Gopalganj Jamui Jehanabad Kaimur Katihar Khagaria Kishanganj Lakhisarai Madhepura Madhubani Munger Muzaffarpur Nalanda Nawada Patna Purnia Rohtas Saharsa Samastipur Saran Sheikhpura Sheohar Sitamarhi Siwan Supaul Vaishali West Champaran

Chhattisgarh

Bastar Bilaspur Dantewada Dhamtari Durg Janjgir-Champa Jashpur Kabirdham Kanker Korba Koriya Mahasamund Narayanpur Raigarh Raipur Rajnandgaon Surguja

Delhi

Central Delhi East Delhi New Delhi North Delhi North East Delhi North West Delhi South Delhi South West Delhi West Delhi

Haryana

Ambala Bhiwani Faridabad Fatehabad Gurgaon Hisar Jhajjar Jind Kaithal Karnal Kurukshetra Mahendragarh Mewat Panchkula Palwal Panipat Rewari Rohtak Sirsa Sonipat Yamuna Nagar

Himachal Pradesh

Bilaspur Chamba Hamirpur Kangra Kinnaur Kullu Lahul and Spiti Mandi Shimla Sirmaur Solan Una

Jharkhand

Bokaro Chatra Deoghar Dhanbad Dumka East Singhbhum Garhwa Giridih Godda Gumla Hazaribagh Jamtara Khunti Koderma Latehar Lohardaga Pakur Palamu Ramgarh Ranchi Saraikela Kharsawan Simdega Singhbhum Sahebganj

Madhya Pradesh

Anuppur Ashoknagar Balaghat Barwani Betul Bhind Bhopal Burhanpur Chhatarpur Chhindwara Damoh Datia Dewas Dhar Dindori Guna Gwalior Harda Hoshangabad Indore Jabalpur Jhabua Katni Khandwa Khargone Mandla Mandsaur Morena Narsinghpur Neemuch Panna Raisen Rajgarh Ratlam Rewa Sagar Satna Sehore Seoni Shahdol Shajapur Sheopur Shivpuri Sidhi Tikamgarh Ujjain Umaria Vidisha

Rajasthan

Ajmer Alwar Banswara Baran Barmer Bhilwara Bikaner Bharatpur Bundi Chittorgarh Churu Dausa Dholpur Dungarpur Ganganagar Hanumangarh Jaipur Jaisalmer Jalore Jhalawar Jhunjhunu Jodhpur Karauli Kota Nagaur Pali Pratapgarh Rajsamand Sawai Madhopur Sikar Sirohi Tonk Udaipur

Uttar Pradesh

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Azamgarh Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Balarampur Ballia Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bijnor Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Devaria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Ghaziabad Gonda Gorakhpur Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghazipur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur Kanpur Dehat Kaushambi Kushinagar Khair
Khair
City Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Pilibhit Pratapgarh Raebareli Rampur Saharanpur Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar Shahjahanpur Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

Uttarakhand

Almora Bageshwar Chamoli Champawat Dehradun Haridwar Nainital New Tehri Pauri Pithoragarh Rudraprayag Rudrapur Uttarkashi

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150200

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