Haldwani [ɦəld̪ʋaːniː] is the third most populous city in the
Indian state of Uttarakhand. With a population of 156,078 in 2011, It
is also the largest city of the Kumaun region.
Haldwani is located in
Nainital District, and is one of its eight Subdivisions. The
Haldwani Urban Agglomeration has 232,095 people, and is the fourth
most populous UA in Uttarakhand, after Dehradun,
Haridwar and Roorkee.
Being situated in the immediate foothils of Kumaon Himalayas, Haldwani
is known as the "Gateway of Kumaon".
The name "Haldwani" is an anglicized version of the Kumaoni word
"Halduvani" (literally "forest of Haldu"), named after the tree of
"Haldu" (Kadamb), known to botanists as
Haldina cordifolia. The
Haldu trees were found in abundance prior to deforestation for
agriculture and settlement. The place was regionally known as
Halduvani until George William Trail took over as Commissioner of
Kumaon and renamed it to
Haldwani in 1834.
Located in the Bhabhar region in the Himalayan foothills on the banks
of the Gaula River, The town of
Haldwani was established in 1834, as a
mart for hill people who visited
Bhabar during the cold season. The
establishment of the Bareilly-
Nainital provincial road in 1882 and the
Kathgodam railway line by
Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway
Rohilkund and Kumaon Railway in
1884 helped develop the town into a major trading post and then a hub
between the hilly regions of Kumaon and the Indo-Gangetic Plains.
1.1 Founding and 19th century
1.2 20th and 21st centuries
2.2 Metropolitan Area
4 Medical hospital
5 Culture and lifestyle
Uttarakhand Open University
8 Government and Politics
12 Media and Communications
13 See also
15 External links
The region, where the city is located, has historically been a part of
the Kingdom of Kumaon. The region came under the dominion of Kumaun,
when King Gyan Chand of
Chand Dynasty visited
Delhi Sultanate in the
14th century. Later, the
Mughals tried to take over the hills, but
their attempts received a setback due to the difficult terrain.
In the early 1600s, the
Haldwani region was sparsely populated. It was
inhabited by people of a Native tribe known as the Buksa. The Terai
area southward consisted of thick forests, and was used as hunting
grounds by the Mughals.
Founding and 19th century
Kaladhungi at the turn of 1862/1863.
In 1816, after the British defeated Gorkhas, and gained control of
Kumaon by the Treaty of Sugauli, Gardner was appointed the
Commissioner of Kumaon. Later George William Trail took over as
Commissioner and renamed Halduvani as
Haldwani in 1834. Though
British records suggest that the place was established in 1834, as a
mart for hill people who visited the Bhabhar (Himalayan foothills)
region, during the cold season. The township, formerly located in
Mota Haldu, had only thatched houses. Brick-houses began to be built
only after 1850. The first English middle school was established in
During the Indian Rebellion of 1857,
Haldwani was briefly seized by
the rebels of Rohilkhand,:19 soon martial law was declared in the
region by Sir Henry Ramsay (the Commissioner of Kumaon), and by 1858,
the region was cleared of the rebels. The Rohillas, who were
accused of attacking Haldwani, were hanged by the British at Phansi
Gadhera in Nainital. Later, Ramsay connected
Kathgodam by road in 1882. In 1883–84, the railway track was laid
Bareilly and Kathgodam. The first train arrived at Haldwani
Lucknow on 24 April 1884.:38
Before the formation of
Nainital district in 1891, it was part of the
Kumaon district, which was later renamed
Almora district. The Town
Act was implemented here in 1885 and
Haldwani was declared a
municipality on February 1, 1897. The
Tehsil office was opened here in
1899, when it became the tehsil headquarters of the Bhabhar, one of
four divisions of the
Nainital district, and included 4 towns and
511 villages; and had a combined population of 93,445 (1901), spread
over 1,279 sq. miles.
20th and 21st centuries
Haldwani as a part of the United Province, 1907-1909
In 1901, with a population of 6,624,
Haldwani was the headquarters of
the Bhabhar region of
Nainital District, in the United Provinces of
Agra and Oudh, and it also used to become the winter headquarters of
the officers of the
Kumaon Division and the
Nainital District. The
Arya Samaj Bhavan was built in 1901 and Sanatan Dharm Sabha in
Haldwani was disestablished in 1904,
Haldwani was constituted as a Notified area.:38 The first
Hospital of the city was opened in 1912.:183
Haldwani hosted the second session of the Kumaon Parishad in
1918.:23:252 Protests against the
Rowlatt Act and for
Coolie-Begar Abolition were held all over the city in 1920 under the
leadership of Pt. Tara Datt Gairola Raibahadur.:23 Many
processions were carried out in the city between 1930 and 1934 during
the Civil disobedience movement. In 1940, at the Haldwani
Badri Datt Pandey voiced for granting special status to
the mountainous regions of Kumaon in the United Provinces, thus,
giving a way to the future
Haldwani was a mid-sized town, with a population of about 25,000, in
India became Independent from the British Rule. Haldwani
became a part of the
Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The city was
electrified in 1950. The 2nd battalion of the Naga Regiment,
affectionately known as Head Hunters, was raised at
February 11, 1985.
Haldwani played a major role in the Uttarakhand
movement. The town was spearheading the agitation, which often ended
up in violence and also in police firing and brutality.
40 human skeletons and 300 'grave-like structures' were discovered in
Haldwani’s Golapar area on 9 May 2017 during the construction of the
Haldwani ISBT. The Skeletons were speculated to be the remains of
Rohilla chieftains from
Bareilly who fought against the British in
1857 and were killed by the British army or of those who died of
epidemics, malaria or famine. However forensic tests later
revealed the Skeletons to be only two year old.
Kathgodam area as seen from Bhimtal-
Haldwani is located at 29°13′N 79°31′E / 29.22°N
79.52°E / 29.22; 79.52, in the
Nainital district on the right
bank of the Gaula River. Geologically,
Haldwani is settled on a
piedmont grade (called Bhabhar) where the mountain rivers go
underground to re-emerge in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The Haldwani
Bhabhar stretches horizontally, surrounded by the regions of Ramnagar
Tanakpur and lies between the
Shivalik hills to the north and the
Terai region of Rudrapur to the south. The average land elevation is
424 m (1,391 ft) above sea level. According to the
Bureau of Indian Standards, haldwani falls under seismic zone 4, in a
scale of 2 to 5 (in order of increasing vulnerability to
The city has an area of 44.11 km2 (17.03 sq mi),
including both flat and hilly ground, and is in the Indian Standard
Time Zone (UTC−5:30). When
Haldwani was founded in 1837, most of
the early buildings were around Mota Haldu. The city gradually
developed northwards towards the present Bazaar and Railway Station.
The city had in the past seen haphazard development due to the absence
of a development authority. Dozens of colonies were set up in
early 2000's without any regulation with narrow roads, making
commuting a nightmare. The city ranked 395 in the Swachh
Survekshan 2017, out of 434 cities, with a total score of 557.
Haldwani is the principal city in the
Haldwani Urban Agglomeration
Area, situated in the south-eastern part of Uttarakhand, in the Kumaon
region. Apart from the towns of
Haldwani and Kathgodam, the Urban
Haldwani also includes eleven outgrowths (Damua
Dhunga Bandobasti, Byura, Bamori Talli Bandobasti, Amrawati Colony,
Shakti Vihar, Bhatt Colony, Manpur Uttar, Haripur Sukha, Gaujajali
Uttar, Kusumkhera, Bithoria No. 1, Korta, Bamori Malli and Bamori
Talli Kham) and two census towns (Mukhani and
Haldwani is also a tehsil; one of the eight subdivisions of the
Nainital district. The tehsil of
Haldwani is situated in the
southern part of the
Nainital district and shares its borders with the
tehsils of Nainital, Kaladhungi,
Lalkuan and Dhari tehsils in Nainital
Sitarganj in Udham Singh Nagar district
and the tehsil of Poornagiri in
Champawat district. The Tehsil
comprises four towns and 202 villages.
Climate data for Haldwani
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Source: District Census Handbook: Nainital:509–510
† Includes population figures of
Haldwani and its Outgrowths
The municipality of
Haldwani has an official population of 156,078
people, as per provisional data released by the 2011 census. The
2017 estimate, on the other hand, predicted a population of
291,338. The population of the municipality area, combined with
outgrowths was 201,461, and the urban agglomeration of
Kathgodam had a population of 232,095, out of which males
were 121,409 and females were 110,686.
Hinduism is the majority religion in
Haldwani city with 59.84%
followers. Islam is second most popular religion in city with
approximately 26.89% following it. In
Haldwani city, Christianity is
followed by 7.89%, Sikhism by 5.19%, Jainism by 0.09%,and Buddhism by
0.09%. Around 0.01% stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.07%
stated 'No Particular Religion'.
Government Medical hospital,
Haldwani was established in 1997. The
college came into existence in 2002 and is affiliated with Kumaun
University and residential & co-educational medical colleges.
Culture and lifestyle
The region is dominated by both
Kumaoni people and migrant people from
Uttar Pradesh or who are now the native of terai-bhabhar
Uttarakhand but still it is home to a significant percentage
of people belonging to other religions and regions. One can find
variety in all aspects from dishes to clothings and from dialect to
architecture. Rock and popular English music is finding a good market
in the rapidly expanding music market along with traditional Pahari
music of the Kumaon Hills and local Desi Folk songs. Punjabi Music is
also very popular and this region of
Uttarakhand also have a large
number of Punjabis living here.
Haldwani is the only city in Kumaon which has as many as four cinema
halls. Laxmi cinema, the oldest cinema hall in the city is located
on Rampur road. Originally a theatre named 'Dilruba', the building was
converted into a cinema hall in 1955. Other halls include Nahid in
the Railway Bazar area and Sargam on Rampur Road, which became
functional in 1990.
Haldwani is said to be a "Great city shadowed by Nainital". Haldwani
at all geo-political bases is always above
Nainital town which is the
district centre. The Government policy of "Polishing"
doing nothing for the ever big
Haldwani city, has left the citizens of
Haldwani as a new district headquarters in place of
Nainital, or creating a new district called
Haldwani consisting the
Bhabhar area of Kumaon excluding the hilly Nainital. Many uprisings
were led by the local public since independence with the demand for
the creation of a new district.
Since the creation of
Udham Singh Nagar district
Udham Singh Nagar district in 1995 with
headquarter at Rudrapur, only 28 km. away from
seems no demand of
Haldwani district. Now Tarai area is excluded from
Nainital district leaving only bhabhar and hills.
Uttarakhand Open University
Uttarakhand Open University
The University was established by an Act Of
Assembly on 31 October 2005 with a view to democratise education,
so that it covers large segments of population, vocations and
Uttarakhand Open University is the only Open University
in Uttarakhand. The total number of students in 2009 was hardly 700,
but today the total enrolment has crossed 20,000 students. The
construction work at its new campus is in full swing and the staff
will shift there in June. At present there are more than 140 courses.
The prominent among them are Journalism and Mass Communication, Hotel
Management, Tourism Management, Business Management, Education,
Jyotish, karmakand and other traditional courses.
Noted scholar of English Literature and an authority on Lord Byron
& Thomas Hardy, Dr.K.S.Misra, M.A.,Ph.D.,D.Litt. served M.B.(P.G.)
College, Haldwani(Nainital) during 1967-70 as Professor & Head of
the Department of English.
Well connected with the
Indo-Gangetic plain by road (to New Delhi,
Dehradun and Lucknow) and rail (New Delhi, DehraDun,
Haldwani is an important commercial hub. It is home to one
of the largest vegetable, fruit and foodgrain markets in Kumaon. Being
the gateway to most of Kumaon and parts of Garhwal, it is an important
revenue center of
Uttarakhand based on its advantageous location as a
base depot for goods in transit to the hills. The Gaula river is
exploited for a large quantity of boulders, sand and gravels every
year, and forms an important revenue source for both the government
and local business.
Government and Politics
Haldwani is a municipality governed by a mayor–council system. The
municipal area is divided into 60 territorial constituencies known as
wards. The Municipal Corporation is made up of a Wards Committee,
where each ward has one seat. Members, known as Councillors, are
elected to the Wards Committee on the basis of adult franchise for a
term of five years, as provisioned by the 74th Amendment of the Indian
Constitution relating to urban local governments. The 'Nagar Nigam
Haldwani' is a unicameral legislative body, comprising forty
Councillors, who elect the Mayor. In addition to the elected
Councillors, the committee also includes thirteen Councillors
nominated by the state government and two additional members; the
MLA(s) and MP from the city.
The Town Act was implemented in
Haldwani in 1885 after which, it was
declared a municipality on February 1, 1897. The
Haldwani was soon disestablished and
Haldwani was constituted as a
'notified area' in 1904. In 1907, it got the status of town
area. The Haldwani-
Kathgodam Municipal Council was established on
21 September 1942, and was upgraded to a
Municipal corporation on 21
May 2011. Currently it is the third largest Municipal Corporation
in the state of
Dehradun and Haridwar.
The city is represented in the
Lok Sabha by a representative elected
from the Nainital-Udhamsingh Nagar Constituency. Bhagat Singh
Koshyari, from BJP, is the current Member of Parliament from
Nainital-Udhamsingh Nagar. He won the 2014
Lok Sabha elections by
2.84 lakh votes against
K.C. Singh Baba from the Congress, who was the
sitting MP from the seat. Generally considered a Congress
Stronghold, the Congress has registered a victory from Nainital-Udham
Singh Nagar eight times since 1951. While
BJP won this seat two
times, other political parties had managed three victories. The
city elects three members to the
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly,
from the '
Haldwani Vidhansabha constituency' comprising wards no 1 to
Kaladhungi Vidhan Sabha Constituency' (partially) comprising
wards no 38 to 56 and 'Lalkuan' Vidhan Sabha constituency (Partially)
comprising wards no 57 to 60.
Rampur Road connects
Haldwani to Rampur via Rudrapur and Bilaspur
UTC buses bound for ISBT Anand Vihar at the
Haldwani Bus Station.
Haldwani is known as the Gateway to Kumaon. The most commonly used
forms of transport in
Haldwani include government owned services such
as railways and buses. Complementing these government services are bus
routes operated by KMOU (Kumaon Motor Owner's Union), as well as
privately operated taxis and auto rickshaws.
NH 109 cuts through Haldwani; other major roads are the
Bageshwar highway, Rampur Road,
Haldwani-Kaladhungi-Ramnagar Road and the Kathgodam-
Haldwani is well connected to the country's capital
Delhi via buses
Uttarakhand Transport Corporation. All the buses leave from the
Haldwani Bus Station for Delhi's Anand Vihar ISBT. The connectivity to
Dehradun is also good. There are a number of buses for
Haldwani route. Apart from
Delhi and Dehradun, regular buses
are available for several hill cities like Nainital, Almora, Ranikhet,
Bageshwar and Pithoragarh.
A new ISBT is under construction in the Gaulapar region. The ISBT
would be spread over 8 Acres, and has been termed the 'Largest
ISBT in north India' by The Times of India. The foundation stone
was laid in 2016. The construction work started in 2014, but was
halted in May 2017, when a large number of human skeletons were
discovered at the construction site by
There are direct rail links to many parts both in and outside the
state to all major junctions. All trains start from
station which is a terminal of North Eastern Railway's Izzatnagar
Division and then reach
Haldwani Railway Station and proceed towards
Lalkuan Junction Railway Station. In 1883–84, the railway track was
Bareilly and Kathgodam. The first train arrived at
Lucknow on 24 April 1884. Later, the railway line
was extended to Kathgodam.
Indian Railways is planning shorter rail
track via Ramnagar-Kotdwar-
Haridwar instead of the present track via
The air gateway to
Haldwani is the
Pantnagar Airport located at
Pantnagar, which is about 28 km (17 mi) north of Haldwani
city, and handles the domestic flights. The
Pantnagar Airport provides
direct connectivity to New Delhi, the Capital of India.
Massive development plans for the city are on final Stage, owing to
its importance in the state there are various other project in
This include building of additional infrastructure like International
stadium, flyover, bus terminus, Asia's biggest Zoo and industrial
Haldwani is carved out in Golapar region of Haldwani
which will be future Smart Sub city alike
Dwarka in Delhi.
Haldwani is said to be a fast-growing educational hub of Uttarakhand.
Many new institutions are open in lower
Since, the success of 108 mobile medical van services across the
province, the Govt. is planning to expand this service in a better way
for the more populated
Haldwani city. Haldwani's forests which bear
the best timber (cite?) anywhere in
India and South Asia, are for now
in a motion of significant demand because of their best
quality.Government is also planning to keep the forestry as green as
ISBT and International Zoo are also multi crore infrastructure
projects that are underway and due for completion by 2017.
According to market experts
Haldwani is future city of Uttarakhand
which has high business potential due to Friendly business atmosphere
and safety provided to Entrepreneurs and Businessmen. One Can also
have Aerial view of Nearby tourist destination
Nanital by chopper
services available from Greater
Haldwani Stadium in Golapar.
Indira Gandhi International Sports Stadium is located in Haldwani. The
stadium, having a capacity of 25000 people, was inaugurated on 18
December 2016 by Harish Rawat, the then Chief Minister of
Uttarakhand. It is spread over an area of 70 acres and has Cricket
Football grounds, a track for 800-metre race, a hockey field,
Badminton courts, a lawn tennis court, a
Boxing ring and a swimming
Haldwani will host the 38th National Games in 2018. The city also
hosted a state-level football championship, and the first edition
of CWE (Continental Wrestling Entertainment) pro-wrestling series,
Haldwani will be the second city after
Delhi in northern
India to have more than one international stadium.
Haldwani is home to the 'Kumaon offRoaders Club' that organizes
rallies and other motor sports in the region. The club organized
the first Offroad motor event on 3 October 2016 to promote adventure
tourism in Haldwani.
Media and Communications
Haldwani, along with other areas of the Kumaon division, is served by
Almora station of the All
India Radio. The first relay centre
of Akashwani FM will be set up in
Haldwani city on 1,560 sqm of
land. The relay centre will broadcast FM radio programmes of the
India Radio round the clock within a range of 70 km.
Internet Services are provided by BSNL, Vodafone, Bharti Airtel,
Idea Cellular and Reliance jio.
Raja K.C.Singh Baba
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Uttarakhand to host National Games
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Haldwani city guide
Haldwani city guide
Cities and towns in
Cities and towns
in other districts
Udham Singh Nagar
Municipalities of Uttarakhand
Mahua Dabra Haripura
Muni Ki Reti
Division headquarters: Nainital
Udham Singh Nagar