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Guangdong
Guangdong
(Chinese: 广东) is a province in South China, located on the South China
South China
Sea coast. Traditionally romanised as Kwangtung, Guangdong
Guangdong
surpassed Henan
Henan
and Sichuan
Sichuan
to become the most populous province in China
China
in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year;[5][6] the total population was 104,303,132 in the 2010 census, accounting for 7.79 percent of Mainland China's population.[7] This also makes it the most populous first-level administrative subdivision of any country outside the former British Raj, as its population is surpassed only by those of the Pakistani province of Punjab[8] and the Indian states of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Uttar Pradesh[9]. The provincial capital Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and economic hub Shenzhen
Shenzhen
are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province at 2015 had 108,500,000 people.[10] Since 1989, Guangdong
Guangdong
has topped the total GDP rankings among all provincial-level divisions, with Jiangsu
Jiangsu
and Shandong
Shandong
second and third in rank. According to state statistics, Guangdong's GDP in 2017 reached 1.42 trillion US dollars
US dollars
(CNY 8.99 trillion), making its economy roughly the same size as Mexico. Since 1989, Guangdong
Guangdong
has had the highest GDP among all provinces of Mainland China. The province contributes approximately 12% of the PRC's national economic output, and is home to the production facilities and offices of a wide-ranging set of Chinese and foreign corporations. Guangdong
Guangdong
also hosts the largest import and export fair in China, the Canton Fair, hosted in the provincial capital of Guangzhou.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Geography 4 Economy

4.1 Economic and technological development zones

5 Demographics

5.1 Religion

6 Politics

6.1 Relations with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau

7 Media 8 Culture 9 Education

9.1 Colleges and universities

9.1.1 National 9.1.2 Provincial

10 Sports 11 Tourism 12 Administrative divisions

12.1 Metropolitan areas

13 International relations

13.1 Twin towns and sister cities

14 See also 15 References

15.1 Citations 15.2 Sources

16 External links

Name[edit] "Guǎng" (simplified Chinese: 广; traditional Chinese: 廣) means "expanse" or "vast", and has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in AD 226.[11] "Guangdong" and neighbouring Guangxi
Guangxi
literally mean "expanse east" and "expanse west". Together, Guangdong
Guangdong
and Guangxi
Guangxi
are called Loeng gwong (Liangkwang; traditional Chinese: 兩廣; simplified Chinese: 两广; pinyin: liǎng guǎng; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: léuhng gwóng; "Two Expanses"). During the Song dynasty, the Two Guangs were formally separated as Guǎngnán Dōnglù (traditional Chinese: 廣南東路; simplified Chinese: 广南东路; "vast south east region") and Guǎngnán Xīlù (traditional Chinese: 廣南西路; simplified Chinese: 广南西路; "vast south west region"), which became abbreviated as Guǎngdōng Lù (traditional Chinese: 廣東路; simplified Chinese: 广东路) and Guǎngxī Lù (traditional Chinese: 廣西路; simplified Chinese: 广西路). "Canton", though etymologically derived from Cantão (the Portuguese transliteration of "Guangdong"), refers only to the provincial capital instead of the whole province, as documented by authoritative English dictionaries. The local people of the city of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Canton) and their language are called Cantonese
Cantonese
in English. Because of the prestige of Canton and its accent, Cantonese
Cantonese
sensu lato can also be used for the phylogenetically related residents and Chinese dialects outside the provincial capital. History[edit]

Kwangtung Provincial Government of the Republic of China

Originally inhabited by a mixture of tribal groups known to the Chinese as the Baiyue
Baiyue
("Hundred Yue"), the region first became part of China
China
during the Qin dynasty. Chinese administration and reliable historical records in the region began with the Qin dynasty. After establishing the first unified Chinese empire, the Qin expanded southwards and set up Nanhai Commandery at Panyu, near what is now part of Guangzhou. The region was independent as Nanyue
Nanyue
between the fall of Qin and the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. The Han dynasty administered Guangdong, Guangxi, and northern Vietnam as Jiaozhi Province, southernmost Jiaozhi
Jiaozhi
Province was used as a gateway for traders from the west—as far away as the Roman Empire. Under the Wu Kingdom of the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
period, Guangdong
Guangdong
was made its own province, the Guang Province, in 226.[citation needed] As time passed, the demographics of what is now Guangdong
Guangdong
gradually shifted to (Han) Chinese dominance as the populations intermingled due to commerce along the great canals, and abruptly shifted through massive migration from the north during periods of political turmoil and nomadic incursions from the fall of the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
onwards. For example, internal strife in northern China
China
following the rebellion of An Lushan
An Lushan
resulted in a 75% increase in the population of Guangzhou prefecture between 740s–750s and 800s–810s.[12] As more migrants arrived, the local population was gradually assimilated to Han Chinese culture[13] or displaced. Together with Guangxi, Guangdong
Guangdong
was made part of Lingnan Circuit (political division Circuit), or Mountain-South Circuit, in 627 during the Tang dynasty. The Guangdong
Guangdong
part of Lingnan Circuit was renamed Guangnan East Circuit guǎng nán dōng lù in 971 during the Song dynasty (960–1279). "Guangnan East" is the source of "Guangdong".[citation needed] As Mongols from the north engaged in their conquest of China
China
in the 13th century, the Southern Song
Southern Song
court fled southwards from its capital in Hangzhou. The defeat of the Southern Song
Southern Song
court by Mongol naval forces in The Battle of Yamen
Battle of Yamen
1279 in Guangdong
Guangdong
marked the end of the Southern Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(960–1279).[14] During the Mongol Yuan dynasty, large parts of current Guangdong belonged to Jiangxi.[15] Its present name, " Guangdong
Guangdong
Province" was given in early Ming dynasty. Since the 16th century, Guangdong
Guangdong
has had extensive trade links with the rest of the world. European merchants coming northwards via the Straits of Malacca
Straits of Malacca
and the South China
South China
Sea, particularly the Portuguese and British, traded extensively through Guangzhou. Macau, on the southern coast of Guangdong, was the first European settlement in 1557.[citation needed] In the 19th century, the opium traded through Guangzhou
Guangzhou
triggered the First Opium War, opening an era of Western imperialists' incursion and intervention in China. In addition to Macau, which was then a Portuguese colony, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
was ceded to the British, and Kwang-Chou-Wan (modern day area of Zhanjiang) to the French.[citation needed] Due to the large number of people that emigrated out of the Guangdong province, many overseas Chinese communities have their origins in Guangdong. The Cantonese
Cantonese
language, therefore, has proportionately more speakers among overseas Chinese people than mainland Chinese. Consequently, many Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
words originally of foreign origin come from the original foreign language by way of Cantonese. For example, the Mandarin word níngméng (simplified Chinese: 柠檬; traditional Chinese: 檸檬), meaning "Lemon", came from Cantonese, in which the characters are pronounced as lìng mung.[16] In the United States, there is a large number of Chinese who are descendants of immigrants from the city of Taishan
Taishan
(Toisan in Cantonese), who speak a distinctive dialect related to Cantonese
Cantonese
called Taishanese (or Toishanese). During the 1850s, the Taiping Rebellion, whose leader Hong Xiuquan
Hong Xiuquan
was born in Guangdong
Guangdong
and received a pamphlet from a Protestant Christian missionary in Guangdong, became a widespread civil war in southern China. Because of direct contact with the West, Guangdong
Guangdong
was the center of anti-Manchu and anti-imperialist activity. The generally acknowledged founder of modern China, Sun Yat-sen, was also from Guangdong. During the early 1920s of the Republic of China, Guangdong
Guangdong
was the staging area for Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT) to prepare for the Northern Expedition, an effort to bring the various warlords of China
China
back under the central government. Whampoa Military Academy
Whampoa Military Academy
was built near Guangzhou
Guangzhou
to train military commanders. In recent years, the province has seen extremely rapid economic growth, aided in part by its close trading links with Hong Kong, which borders it. It is now the province with the highest gross domestic product in China. In 1952, a small section of Guangdong's coastline was given to Guangxi, giving it access to the sea. This was reversed in 1955, and then restored in 1965. Hainan
Hainan
Island was originally part of Guangdong, but it was separated as its own province in 1988. Geography[edit]

Pearl River and Humen Bridge

Guangdong
Guangdong
faces the South China
South China
Sea to the south and has a total of 4,300 km (2,700 mi) of coastline. Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
is on the southwestern end of the province. There are a few inactive volcanoes on Leizhou
Leizhou
Peninsula. The Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
is the convergent point of three upstream rivers: the East River, North River, and West River. The river delta is filled with hundreds of small islands. The province is geographically separated from the north by a few mountain ranges collectively called the Nan Mountains
Nan Mountains
(Nan Ling). The highest peak in the province is Shikengkong with an elevation of 6,240 feet (1,902 meters) above sea level. Guangdong
Guangdong
borders Fujian
Fujian
to the northeast, Jiangxi
Jiangxi
and Hunan
Hunan
to the north, Guangxi
Guangxi
autonomous region to the west, and Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau Special
Special
Administrative Regions to the south. Hainan
Hainan
is offshore across from the Leizhou
Leizhou
Peninsula. The Pratas Islands, which were traditionally governed as part of Guangdong, are now administered by the Republic of China
China
on Taiwan.[17] Cities around the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
include Dongguan, Foshan, Guangzhou, Huizhou, Jiangmen, Shenzhen, Shunde, Taishan, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
and Zhuhai. Other cities in the province include Chaozhou, Chenghai, Nanhai, Shantou, Shaoguan, Zhanjiang, Zhaoqing, Yangjiang
Yangjiang
and Yunfu. Guangdong
Guangdong
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa inland, Cwa along the coast), though nearing a tropical climate in the far south. Winters are short, mild, and relatively dry, while summers are long, hot, and very wet. Average daily highs in Guangzhou
Guangzhou
in January and July are 18 °C (64 °F) and 33 °C (91 °F), respectively, although the humidity makes it feel much hotter in summer. Frost is rare on the coast but may happen a few days each winter well inland. Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Guangdong The economy of Guangdong
Guangdong
is large enough to be compared to that of many countries. in 2014, the gross domestic product (GDP) is about $1104.05 billion, Guangdong
Guangdong
has been the largest province by GDP since 1989 in Mainland China. Guangdong
Guangdong
is responsible for 10.66 percent of the China' $10.36 trillion GDP. In 2015, Guangdong's GDP is slightly larger than that of Mexico ranking 15th in terms of US dollar or Purchasing Power Parity. Comparable to that of country subdivisions in dollar terms, Guangdong's GDP is larger than that of all but 6 country subdivisions: England, California, Texas, New York and Tokyo. It is comparable to the GDP of the Los Angeles metropolitan area.

Shops in one of the streets of Guangzhou
Guangzhou
specialize in selling various electronic components, supplying the needs of local consumer electronics manufacturers. The shop in front is in the LED
LED
business.

This is a trend of official estimates of the gross domestic product of the Province of Guangdong
Guangdong
with figures in millions of Chinese Yuan:

Historical GDP of Guangdong
Guangdong
Province for 1978 –present (SNA2008)[18] (purchasing power parity of Chinese Yuan, as Int'l.dollar based on IMF WEO October 2017[19])

year GDP GDP per capita (GDPpc) based on mid-year population Reference index

GDP in millions real growth (%) GDPpc exchange rate 1 foreign currency to CNY

CNY USD PPP (Int'l$.) CNY USD PPP (Int'l$.) USD 1 Int'l$. 1 (PPP)

2016 8,085,491 1,217,273 2,306,121 7.5 74,016 11,143 21,111 6.6423 3.5061

2015 7,402,743 1,188,546 2,085,809 8.0 68,629 11,019 19,337 6.2284 3.5491

2014 6,890,143 1,121,662 1,940,721 7.8 64,491 10,499 18,165 6.1428 3.5503

2013 6,345,544 1,024,599 1,774,034 8.5 59,756 9,649 16,706 6.1932 3.5769

2012 5,799,354 918,710 1,633,253 8.2 54,973 8,709 15,482 6.3125 3.5508

2011 5,395,920 835,437 1,539,273 10.0 51,523 7,977 14,698 6.4588 3.5055

2010 4,657,712 688,044 1,406,909 12.4 45,284 6,689 13,678 6.7695 3.3106

2005 2,272,329 277,394 794,799 14.1 24,828 3,031 8,684 8.1917 2.8590

2000 1,081,021 130,583 397,536 11.5 12,818 1,548 4,714 8.2784 2.7193

1990 155,903 32,594 91,568 11.6 2,484 519 1,459 4.7832 1.7026

1980 24,965 16,661 16,693 16.6 481 321 322 1.4984 1.4955

1978 18,585 11,039

1.0 370 220

1.6836

After the communist revolution and until the start of the Deng Xiaoping reforms in 1978, Guangdong
Guangdong
was an economic backwater, although a large underground, service-based economy has always existed. Economic development policies encouraged industrial development in the interior provinces which were weakly joined to Guangdong
Guangdong
via transportation links. The government policy of economic autarky made Guangdong's access to the ocean irrelevant.[citation needed] Deng Xiaoping's open door policy radically changed the economy of the province as it was able to take advantage of its access to the ocean, proximity to Hong Kong, and historical links to overseas Chinese. In addition, until the 1990s when the Chinese taxation system was reformed, the province benefited from the relatively low rate of taxation placed on it by the central government due to its post-Liberation status of being economically backward.[citation needed] Guangdong's economic boom began with the early 1990s and has since spread to neighboring provinces, and also pulled their populations inward. The economic growth of Guangdong
Guangdong
province owes much to the low-value-added manufacturing which characterized (and in many ways still defines) the province's economy following Deng Xiaoping's reforms. Guangdong
Guangdong
is not only China's largest exporter of goods, it is the country's largest importer as well.[20] The province is now one of the richest in the nation, with the most billionaires in mainland China,[21] the highest GDP among all the provinces, although wage growth has only recently begun to rise due to a large influx of migrant workers from neighboring provinces. In 2011, Guangdong's aggregate nominal GDP reached 5.30 trillion RMB (US$838.60 billion) with a per capita GDP of 47,689 RMB.[22] By 2015, the local government of Guangdong
Guangdong
hopes that the service industry will account for more than 50 percent of the provinces GDP and high-tech manufacturing another 20 percent.[20] In 2009, Guangdong's primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth 201 billion yuan, 1.93 trillion yuan, and 1.78 trillion yuan, respectively.[23] Its per capita GDP reached 40,748 yuan (about US$5,965).[24] Guangdong
Guangdong
contributes approximately 12% of the total national economic output.[25] Now, it has three of the six Special Economic Zones: Shenzhen, Shantou
Shantou
and Zhuhai. The affluence of Guangdong, however, remains very concentrated near the Pearl River Delta. In 2008 its foreign trade also grew 7.8% from the previous year and is also by far the largest of all of China. By numbers, Guangdong's foreign trade accounts for more than a quarter of China's US$2.56 trillion foreign trade or roughly US$683 billion.[26] Economic and technological development zones[edit]

Foshan
Foshan
National New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone[27] Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Development District Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Export Processing Zone Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Free Trade Zone Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Nansha Economic and Technical Development Zone Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Nanhu Lake Tourist Holiday Resort (Chinese Version) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone Huizhou
Huizhou
Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone Huizhou
Huizhou
Export Processing Zone Huizhou
Huizhou
Zhongkai Hi-Tech Development Zone Nansha Free Trade Zone Shantou
Shantou
Free Trade Zone Shatoujiao
Shatoujiao
Free Trade Zone Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Export Processing Zone Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Futian
Futian
Free Trade Zone[28] Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Hi-Tech Industrial Park Yantian
Yantian
Port Free Trade Zone Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Economic and Technological Development Zone (Chinese Version) Zhuhai
Zhuhai
National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Free Trade Zone Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Torch High-tech Industrial Development Zone

Demographics[edit]

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
is the third largest city in the People's Republic of China

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1912[29] 28,011,000 —    

1928[30] 32,428,000 +15.8%

1936-37[31] 32,453,000 +0.1%

1947[32] 27,210,000 −16.2%

1954[33] 34,770,059 +27.8%

1964[34] 42,800,849 +23.1%

1982[35] 59,299,220 +38.5%

1990[36] 62,829,236 +6.0%

2000[37] 85,225,007 +35.6%

2010[38] 104,303,132 +22.4%

Hainan
Hainan
Province part of Guangdong
Guangdong
Province until 1988. Guangzhou
Guangzhou
part of Guangdong
Guangdong
Province until 1947; dissolved in 1954 and incorporated into Guangdong
Guangdong
Province.

Guangdong
Guangdong
officially became the most populous province in January 2005.[5][6] Official statistics had traditionally placed Guangdong
Guangdong
as the 4th-most populous province of China
China
with about 80 million people (also, Sichuan, traditionally the most populous province, was divided into Sichuan
Sichuan
and Chongqing
Chongqing
in 1997) but recently released information suggests that there are an additional 30 million migrants who reside in Guangdong
Guangdong
for at least six months every year, making it the most populous province with a population of more than 110 million.[39] The massive influx of migrants from other provinces, dubbed the "floating population", is due to Guangdong's booming economy and high demand for labor. If Guangdong
Guangdong
were an independent nation, it would rank among the twenty largest countries of the world by population, more populous than France, Germany, or the United Kingdom, and more populous than the largest three US states (California, Texas, and Florida) combined. Guangdong
Guangdong
is also the ancestral home of large numbers of overseas Chinese. Most of the railroad laborers in Canada, Western United States and Panama in the 19th century came from Guangdong. Many people from the region also travelled to the US / California during the gold rush of 1849, and also to Australia during its gold rush a decade or so later. The majority of the province's population is Han Chinese. Within the Han Chinese, the largest subgroup in Guangdong
Guangdong
are the Cantonese people. Two other major groups are the Teochew people
Teochew people
in Chaoshan
Chaoshan
and the Hakka people
Hakka people
in Huizhou, Meizhou, Heyuan, Shaoguan
Shaoguan
and Zhanjiang. There is a small Yao population in the north. Other smaller minority groups include She, Miao, Li, and Zhuang.

Religion in Guangdong
Guangdong
(2012)[40]   Non religious and traditional faiths[41] (92.7%)   Buddhism (6.2%)   Protestantism (0.8%)    Catholicism
Catholicism
(0.2%)

Guangdong
Guangdong
has a highly unbalanced gender ratio that is among the highest of all provinces in China. According to a 2009 study published in the British Medical Journal, in the 1–4 age group, there are over 130 boys for every 100 girls.[42] Religion[edit] According to a 2012 survey[40] only around 7% of the population of Guangdong
Guangdong
belongs to organised religions, the largest groups being Buddhists with 6.2%, followed by Protestants with 0.8% and Catholics with 0.2%. Around 93% of the population is either irreligious or may be involved in Chinese folk religions worshipping nature gods, ancestral deities, popular sects, Taoist traditions, Buddhist religious traditions & Confucian
Confucian
religious traditions. According to a survey conducted in 2007, 43.71% of the population believes and is involved in ancestor veneration,[43] the traditional Chinese religion of the lineages organised into lineage churches and ancestral shrines.

The Buddhist
Buddhist
Yuhua Temple in Ronggui, Shunde.

Temple of Huang Daxian
Huang Daxian
in Guangzhou.

Temple of Nanhaishen (God of the Southern Sea) in Guangzhou.

Temple of Tianhou in Chiwan, Shenzhen.

Temple of the Chenghuangshen
Chenghuangshen
(City God) of Jieyang.

Temple of the Great Buddha in Guangzhou.

Politics[edit] Main articles: Politics of Guangdong and List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China Guangdong
Guangdong
is governed by a dual-party system like the rest of China. The Governor is in charge of provincial affairs; however, the Communist Party Secretary, often from outside of Guangdong, keeps the Governor in check. Relations with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau[edit] Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, while historically parts of Guangdong
Guangdong
before becoming colonies of the United Kingdom and Portugal, respectively, are special administrative regions (SARs). Furthermore, the Basic Laws of both SARs explicitly forbid provincial governments from intervening in local politics. As a result, many issues with Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, such as border policy and water rights, have been settled by negotiations between the SARs' governments and the Guangdong provincial government. Media[edit] Guangdong
Guangdong
and the greater Guangzhou
Guangzhou
area are served by several Radio Guangdong
Guangdong
stations, Guangdong
Guangdong
Television, Southern Television Guangdong, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Television, and Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Television. There is an English programme produced by Radio Guangdong which broadcasts information about this region to the entire world through the WRN Broadcast. Culture[edit] Main article: Lingnan culture See also: Music of Guangdong

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The central region, which is also the political and economic center, is populated predominantly by Yue Chinese
Yue Chinese
speakers, though the influx in the last three decades of millions of Mandarin-speaking immigrants has slightly diminished Cantonese
Cantonese
linguistic dominance. This region is associated with Cantonese
Cantonese
cuisine. Cantonese
Cantonese
opera is a form of Chinese opera
Chinese opera
popular in Cantonese
Cantonese
speaking areas. Related Yue dialects are spoken in most of the western half of the province. The area comprising the cities of Chaozhou, Shantou
Shantou
and Jieyang
Jieyang
in coastal east Guangdong, known as Chaoshan, forms its own cultural sphere. The Teochew people
Teochew people
here, along with Hailufeng people in Shanwei, speak Teochew, which is a Min dialect closely related to mainstream Southern Min
Southern Min
(Hokkien) and their cuisine is Teochew cuisine. Teochew opera
Teochew opera
is also well-known and has a unique form. The Hakka people
Hakka people
live in large areas of Guangdong, including Huizhou, Meizhou, Shenzhen, Heyuan, Shaoguan
Shaoguan
and other areas. Much of the Eastern part of Guangdong
Guangdong
is populated by the Hakka people
Hakka people
except for the Chaozhou
Chaozhou
and Hailufeng area. Hakka culture include Hakka cuisine, Han opera (simplified Chinese: 汉剧; traditional Chinese: 漢劇), Hakka Hanyue and sixian (traditional instrumental music) and Hakka folk songs (客家山歌). Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
in southern Guangdong
Guangdong
is dominated by the Leizhou
Leizhou
dialect, a variety of Minnan; Cantonese
Cantonese
and Hakka are also spoken there. Mandarin is the language used in education and government and in areas where there are migrants from other provinces, above all in Shenzhen. Cantonese
Cantonese
maintains a strong and dominant position in common usage and media, even in eastern areas of the province where the local languages and dialects are non-Yue ones. Guangdong
Guangdong
Province is notable for being the birthplace of many famed Xiangqi
Xiangqi
(Chinese chess) grandmasters such as Lü Qin, Yang Guanli, Cai Furu and Xu Yinchuan. Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit] See also: List of universities and colleges in Guangdong National[edit]

Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
University South China
South China
University of Technology Jinan University South China
South China
Agricultural University Guangdong
Guangdong
University of Foreign Studies Guangzhou
Guangzhou
University of Chinese Medicine

Provincial[edit]

Dongguan
Dongguan
Institute of Technology Dongguan
Dongguan
University of Technology Foshan
Foshan
University Guangdong
Guangdong
Education and Research Network Guangdong
Guangdong
General Hospital Guangdong
Guangdong
Institute of Education Guangdong
Guangdong
Institute of Science and Technology Guangdong
Guangdong
Medical College Guangdong
Guangdong
Ocean University Guangdong
Guangdong
Petrochemical Academy Guangdong
Guangdong
Pharmaceutical University Guangdong
Guangdong
Polytechnic Normal University Guangdong
Guangdong
Radio and TV University Guangdong
Guangdong
University of Finance & Economics Guangdong
Guangdong
University of Finance Guangdong
Guangdong
University of Technology Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Academy of Fine Arts Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Education College Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Medical College Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Normal University Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Sports University Guangzhou
Guangzhou
University Hanshan Teachers College Huizhou
Huizhou
University Panyu Polytechnic Shaoguan
Shaoguan
University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Party School Shantou
Shantou
University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
University Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Polytechnic Shunde
Shunde
University South China
South China
Normal University South University of Science and Technology of China Southern Medical University Wuyi University Xijiang University Xinghai Conservatory of Music Zhanjiang
Zhanjiang
Normal University Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
University

Sports[edit] List of current professional sports based in Guangdong:

Sport League Tier Club City Stadium

Football Chinese Super League 1st Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Evergrande Taobao F.C. Guangzhou Tianhe Stadium

Football Chinese Super League 1st Guangzhou
Guangzhou
R&F F.C. Guangzhou Yuexiushan Stadium

Football Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Premier League 1st R&F Guangzhou Yanzigang Stadium

Football China
China
League One 2nd Shenzhen
Shenzhen
F.C. Shenzhen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Stadium

Football China
China
League One 2nd Meizhou
Meizhou
Hakka F.C. Wuhua Wuhua County
Wuhua County
Stadium

Football China
China
League One 2nd Meizhou
Meizhou
Meixian Techand F.C. Meizhou Meixian Tsang Hin-chi Stadium

Football China
China
League Two 3rd Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Ledman F.C. Shenzhen Bao'an Stadium

Football China
China
League Two 3rd Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
Hengtai F.C. Foshan Century Lotus Stadium

Football China
China
Women's League One 2nd Guangdong
Guangdong
Suoka Zhuhai Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Stadium

Futsal China
China
Futsal
Futsal
League 1st Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Sports Act Guangzhou Sports Univ Stadium

Basketball Chinese Basketball Association 1st Guangdong
Guangdong
Southern Tigers Dongguan Nissan Sports Centre

Basketball Chinese Basketball Association 1st Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Leopards Shenzhen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Universiade Sports Centre

Basketball Chinese Basketball Association 1st Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Long-Lions Guangzhou Tianhe Gymnasium

Basketball ASEAN Basketball League 1st Nanhai Long-Lions Foshan Nanhai Gymnasium

Basketball Women's Basketball Association 1st Guangdong
Guangdong
Asia Aluminum Zhaoqing Zhaoqing
Zhaoqing
Stadium

Volleyball Men's Volleyball League Div A 1st Guangdong
Guangdong
GSports Shenzhen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Gymnasium

Volleyball Women's Volleyball League Div A 1st Guangdong
Guangdong
Evergrande Shenzhen Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Gymnasium

Volleyball Women's Volleyball League Div B 2nd Guangdong
Guangdong
Jianlong Taishan Taishan
Taishan
Stadium

Baseball China
China
Baseball League 1st Guangdong
Guangdong
Leopards Guangzhou Huangcun Stadium

Table Tennis China
China
Table Tennis Super League 1st Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Bao'an Mingjinhai Shenzhen Bao'an Stadium

Tourism[edit] Notable attractions include Danxia Mountain, Yuexiu Hill, Baiyun Mountain in Guangzhou, Star Lake and the Seven Star Crags, Dinghu Mountain, and the Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Sun Wen Memorial Park for Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
in Zhongshan. Administrative divisions[edit] Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Guangdong and List of township-level divisions of Guangdong Guangdong
Guangdong
is divided into twenty-one prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities (including two sub-provincial cities):

Administrative divisions of Guangdong

№ Division code[44] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[45] Population 2010[46] Seat Divisions[47]

Districts Counties Aut. counties CL cities

  440000 Guangdong 广东省 Guǎngdōng Shěng 179800.00 104,303,132 Guangzhou 64 34 3 20

9 440100 Guangzhou 广州市 Guǎngzhōu Shì 7434.40 12,701,948 Yuexiu District 11

2 440200 Shaoguan 韶关市 Sháoguān Shì 18412.53 2,826,246 Zhenjiang District 3 4 1 2

21 440300 Shenzhen 深圳市 Shēnzhèn Shì 1996.78 10,358,381 Futian
Futian
District 8*

20 440400 Zhuhai 珠海市 Zhūhǎi Shì 1724.32 1,562,530 Xiangzhou District 3

14 440500 Shantou 汕头市 Shàntóu Shì 2248.39 5,389,328 Jinping District 6 1

8 440600 Foshan 佛山市 Fóshān Shì 3848.49 7,197,394 Chancheng District 5

18 440700 Jiangmen 江门市 Jiāngmén Shì 9505.42 4,450,703 Pengjiang District 3

4

15 440800 Zhanjiang 湛江市 Zhànjiāng Shì 13225.44 6,994,832 Chikan District 4 2

3

16 440900 Maoming 茂名市 Màomíng Shì 13225.44 5,817,494 Maonan District 2

3

6 441200 Zhaoqing 肇庆市 Zhàoqìng Shì 14891.23 3,916,467 Duanzhou District 3 4

1

11 441300 Huizhou 惠州市 Huìzhōu Shì 11342.98 4,598,402 Huicheng District 2 3

4 441400 Meizhou 梅州市 Méizhōu Shì 15864.51 4,238,461 Meijiang District 2 5

1

12 441500 Shanwei 汕尾市 Shànwěi Shì 4861.79 2,935,469 Cheng District 1 2

1

3 441600 Heyuan 河源市 Héyuán Shì 15653.63 2,950,195 Yuancheng District 1 5

17 441700 Yangjiang 阳江市 Yángjiāng Shì 7955.27 2,421,748 Jiangcheng District 2 1

1

1 441800 Qingyuan 清远市 Qīngyuǎn Shì 19152.90 3,698,412 Qingcheng District 2 2 2 2

10 441900 Dongguan** 东莞市 Dōngguǎn Shì 2465.00 8,220,207 Nancheng Subdistrict

19 442000 Zhongshan** 中山市 Zhōngshān Shì 1783.67 3,121,275 Dongqu Subdistrict

5 445100 Chaozhou 潮州市 Cháozhōu Shì 3145.89 2,669,466 Xiangqiao District 2 1

13 445200 Jieyang 揭阳市 Jiēyáng Shì 5265.38 5,884,347 Rongcheng District 2 2

1

7 445300 Yunfu 云浮市 Yúnfú Shì 7779.12 2,367,154 Yuncheng District 2 2

1

  Sub-provincial cities * - not including the new districts which are not registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs (not included in the total Districts' count) ** - direct-piped cities - does not contain any county-level divisions

The twenty-one prefecture-level divisions of Guangdong
Guangdong
are subdivided into 119 county-level divisions (64 districts, 20 county-level cities, 34 counties, and 3 autonomous counties). For county-level divisions, see the list of administrative divisions of Guangdong. Metropolitan areas[edit]

Pearl River Delta

Guangfo (Guangzhou-Foshan) Shenzhen-Dongguan Jiangmen-Zhongshan Zhuhai Huizhou Zhaoqing

Chaoshan

Chaozhou-Shantou-Jieyang

Zhanjiang Maoming Meizhou Qingyuan Heyuan Shanwei Shaoguan Yangjiang Yunfu

International relations[edit] Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Aichi,Japan[48]

See also[edit]

China
China
portal

Major national historical and cultural sites in Guangdong Governors of Guangdong

References[edit] Citations[edit]

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Cantonese
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NBS / Bulletin on Reforming Guangdong's GDP Accounting and Data Release System: gdstats.gov.cn (9-Dec-17) Archived 22 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine. (Chinese) ^ Purchasing power parity
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Guangdong
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Guangdong
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Guangdong
reports 20% foreign trade growth". Chinadaily.com.cn. 13 January 2008. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2012.  ^ " Foshan
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Sources[edit]

Economic data

Economic profile for Guangdong
Guangdong
at HKTDC

External links[edit]

Look up Guangdong
Guangdong
in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Guangdong
Guangdong
(category)

Guangdong
Guangdong
travel guide from Wikivoyage Guangdong
Guangdong
provincial government official website (in Chinese) Complete Map of the Seven Coastal Provinces from 1821–1850 (in English) (in Chinese) Pictures and comments about life in Guangdong

Places adjacent to Guangdong

Hunan Jiangxi Fujian

Guangxi Gulf of Tonkin Haiphong, Nam Định, Quảng Ninh and Thái Bình Provinces,  Vietnam

Guangdong

Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait  Kaohsiung,  Pingtung County and  Tainan,  Taiwan (Republic of China)

South China
South China
Sea Hà Tĩnh, Nghệ An and Thanh Hóa Provinces,  Vietnam Qiongzhou Strait Hainan  Macau  Hong Kong South China
South China
Sea

v t e

Guangdong
Guangdong
topics

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Metropolitan areas

Chaoshan Pearl River Delta

Sanyi
Sanyi
(Sam Yup) Sze Yup
Sze Yup
(Siyi) Leizhou
Leizhou
Peninsula Regions

Pearl River Delta Yuexi Yuebei Yuedong

Pearl River (China) East River West River Nanling Mountains Pratas Islands Shamian Island

Education

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Education Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Education Shenzhen
Shenzhen
University Huizhou
Huizhou
University Guangdong
Guangdong
Institute of Education Guangzhou
Guangzhou
University

Culture

Lingnan culture Cantonese
Cantonese
people Cantonese
Cantonese
language Taishanese language Hailufeng dialect Lingnan architecture Tong lau Lingnan garden Cantonese
Cantonese
embroidery Teochew woodcarving Lingnan penjing Canton porcelain Lingnan school of painting Music Cantonese
Cantonese
opera Nam Hoi Chiu Nam yum Cantonese
Cantonese
music Gou Wu Cantonese
Cantonese
poetry Yum cha Hung Ga Wing Chun Lingnan Confucianism Flowermarket Cantonese
Cantonese
lion dance Wong Tai Sin Hung Shing Cantonese
Cantonese
merchants Red cotton flower Cantonese
Cantonese
folktales The Legend of Five Goats Villain hitting Hakka people Teochew people

Cuisine

Cantonese
Cantonese
cuisine White boiled shrimp Chinese steamed eggs Beef chow fun Chow mein Char siu Roasted suckling pig Bird's nest soup Seafood birdsnest Cantonese
Cantonese
fried rice Dim sum Leung cha Tong sui Hakka cuisine Teochew cuisine

Visitor attractions

Danxia Mountain Seven Star Crags Dinghu Mountain Xinfengjiang Reservoir Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Park Guangdong
Guangdong
Provincial Museum Humen Pearl River Bridge Zhenhai Tower Guangji Bridge Canton Tower Chime-Long Paradise New South China
South China
Mall Kaiping
Kaiping
Diaolou Nanhua Temple Happy Valley Shenzhen Chung Ying Street Window of the World Minsk World Baiyun Mountain Foshan
Foshan
Ancestral Temple Dapeng Fortress Nanfeng Kiln Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
Memorial Hall Sacred Heart Cathedral Chen Clan Ancestral Hall Huaisheng Mosque Temple of the Six Banyan Trees Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue
Nanyue
King Temple of Madam Xian

Category Commons

v t e

Provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China

Provinces

Anhui Fujian Gansu Guangdong Guizhou Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Henan Hubei Hunan Jiangsu Jiangxi Jilin Liaoning Qinghai Shaanxi Shandong Shanxi Sichuan Yunnan Zhejiang

Autonomous regions

Guangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Tibet Xinjiang

Municipalities

Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin

Special
Special
administrative regions

Hong Kong Macau

Other

Taiwan¹

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

v t e

County-level divisions of Guangdong
Guangdong
Province

Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(capital)

Sub-provincial cities

Guangzhou

Baiyun District Conghua District Haizhu District Huadu District Huangpu District Liwan District Nansha District

Nansha New Area Guangdong
Guangdong
Free-Trade Zone

Panyu District Tianhe District Yuexiu District Zengcheng District

Shenzhen

Bao'an District

Guangming New District

Futian
Futian
District Longgang District

Dapeng New District

Longhua District Luohu District Nanshan District

Qianhai
Qianhai
SZ-HK MSIC Zone Guangdong
Guangdong
Free-Trade Zone

Pingshan District Yantian
Yantian
District

Prefecture-level cities

Shaoguan

Qujiang District Wujiang District Zhenjiang District Lechang
Lechang
City Nanxiong
Nanxiong
City Renhua County Shixing County Wengyuan County Xinfeng County Ruyuan Autonomous County

Zhuhai

Doumen District Jinwan District Xiangzhou District

Hengqin
Hengqin
New Area Guangdong
Guangdong
Free-Trade Zone

Shantou

Chaonan District Chaoyang District Chenghai
Chenghai
District Haojiang District Jinping District Longhu District Nan'ao County

Foshan

Chancheng District Gaoming District Nanhai District Sanshui District Shunde
Shunde
District

Jiangmen

Jianghai District Pengjiang District Xinhui District Enping
Enping
City Heshan City Kaiping
Kaiping
City Taishan
Taishan
City

Zhanjiang

Chikan District Mazhang District Potou District Xiashan District Leizhou
Leizhou
City Lianjiang City Wuchuan City Suixi County Xuwen County

Maoming

Maonan District Dianbai District Gaozhou
Gaozhou
City Huazhou City Xinyi City

Zhaoqing

Dinghu District Duanzhou District Gaoyao District Sihui
Sihui
City Deqing County Fengkai County Guangning County Huaiji County

Huizhou

Huicheng District Huiyang District Boluo County Huidong County Longmen County

Meizhou

Meijiang District Meixian District Xingning City Dabu County Fengshun County Jiaoling County Pingyuan County Wuhua County

Shanwei

Cheng District Lufeng City Haifeng County

Shenshan SC Zone

Luhe County

Heyuan

Yuancheng District Heping County Lianping County Longchuan County Dongyuan County Zijin County

Yangjiang

Jiangcheng District Yangdong District Yangchun
Yangchun
City Yangxi County

Qingyuan

Qingcheng District Qingxin District Lianzhou
Lianzhou
City Yingde
Yingde
City Fogang County Yangshan County Liannan Autonomous County Lianshan Autonomous County

Dongguan

v t e

Dongguan

Subdistricts

Dongcheng Guancheng Nancheng Wanjiang

Towns

Chang'an Changping Chashan Dalang Dalingshan Daojiao Dongkeng Fenggang Gaobu Hengli Hongmei Houjie Huangjiang Humen Liaobu Machong Qiaotou Qingxi Qishi Shatian Shijie Shilong Shipai Tangxia Wangniudun Xiegang Zhangmutou Zhongtang

Zhongshan

v t e

Zhongshan

Subdistricts

Dongqu Nanqu Shiqi Xiqu Wuguishan Zhongshangang

Towns

Banfu Dachong Dongfeng Dongsheng Fusha Gangkou Guzhen Henglan Huangpu Nanlang

Cuiheng
Cuiheng
New Area

Nantou Minzhong Sanjiao Sanxiang Shaxi Shenwan Tanzhou Xiaolan

Chaozhou

Xiangqiao District Chao'an District

Fengxi District

Raoping County

Jieyang

Rongcheng District Jiedong District Puning
Puning
City Huilai County Jiexi County

Yunfu

Yuncheng District Yun'an District Luoding
Luoding
City Xinxing County Yunan County

Guangdong
Guangdong
township-level divisions Guangdong
Guangdong
Free-Trade Zone

Category:County-level divisions of Guangdong

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 123100736 GND: 4110406-7 BNF: cb11968125n (d

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