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Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
([ˈɡʀʊpn̩.fyːʀɐ], "group leader") was an early paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP), first created in 1925 as a senior rank of the SA.[1] The term Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
is also used for leaders of groups/teams of the police, fire departments, and several other organizations. In 1930, Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
became an SS rank and was originally bestowed upon those officers who commanded SS-Gruppen and also upon senior officers of the SS command staff. In 1932, the SS was reorganized and the SS-Gruppen were reformed into SS-Abschnitte. A Gruppenführer commanded an SS-Abschnitt while a new rank, that of Obergruppenführer, oversaw the SS-Oberabschnitte which were the largest SS units in Germany.[2] Initially in the SA, NSKK, and SS, the rank of Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
was considered equivalent to a full general, but became regarded as equivalent to Generalleutnant after 1934. During the Second World War, when the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
began using the rank, an SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
was considered equal to a Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
and was referred to as SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS. Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
also displayed the shoulder boards of a Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
Generalleutnant.[3] The insignia for SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
consisted of three oak leaves centred on both collars of an SS uniform. From 1930 to 1942, the SS insignia was the same as the SA badge of rank; however the SS modified the Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
insignia slightly to include a collar pip (stern, a star), upon the creation of the rank SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer
SS-Oberst-Gruppenführer
in April 1942.[4] In the SA, a Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
was typically in charge of a number of regiments (known as Standarten) which were formed into SA-Gruppen.[1] The rank of Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
was also used in several other Nazi paramilitary groups, among them the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK) and the National Socialist Flyers Corps
National Socialist Flyers Corps
(NSFK). In October 1944, the rank of Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
was adopted by the Volkssturm
Volkssturm
as a low level non-commissioned officer position in charge of squad sized formations (Gruppe) of Volkssturm
Volkssturm
soldiers. The term is also a generic term for the function of a leader of a squad of infantry (9 or 10 men – Gruppe) in the German Army (Heer), Waffen-SS, or Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
ground troops. Insignia[edit]

Rank insignia

Gorget patch until April 1942 ( Allgemeine SS
Allgemeine SS
and Waffen-SS)

Gorget patches 1942-1945 ( Allgemeine SS
Allgemeine SS
and Waffen-SS)

Shoulder board (Waffen-SS)

camouflage (Waffen-SS)

Uniform colour Feldgrau
Feldgrau
(Waffen-SS)

Junior Rank Brigadeführer SS rank and SA rank Gruppenführer Senior Rank Obergruppenführer

See also[edit]

Corps colours (Waffen-SS) List SS-Gruppenführer Table of ranks and insignia of the Waffen-SS

Notes[edit]

^ a b McNab (II) 2009, p. 15. ^ McNab 2009, pp. 29, 30. ^ Stein 1984, pp. 297, 298 chart, 300 chart. ^ Flaherty 2004, p. 148.

Bibliography[edit]

Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1 84447 073 3.  McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.  McNab (II), Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.  Stein, George (1984) [1966]. The Waffen-SS: Hitler's Elite Guard at War 1939–1945. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9275-0.  Yerger, Mark C. (1997). Allgemeine-SS: The Commands, Units and Leaders of the General
General
SS. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7643-0145-4. 

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Nazi Germany paramilitary ranks          

Combat ranks

Anwärter Junker Schütze Oberschütze Sturmmann Volkssturmmann Stabsscharführer Rottenführer Unterscharführer Scharführer Oberscharführer Hauptscharführer Sturmscharführer Zugführer (Volkssturm) Untersturmführer Obersturmführer Kompanieführer (Volkssturm) Hauptsturmführer Bataillonsführer (Volkssturm) Sturmbannführer Obersturmbannführer Standartenführer Oberführer Brigadeführer Gruppenführer Obergruppenführer Oberst-Gruppenführer

Non-combat ranks

Bewerber Aufseherin Mann Oberrottenführer HJ Staffelführer Truppführer Obertruppführer Haupttruppführer Sturmführer Rapportführer Sonderführer Sturmhauptführer Schutzhaftlagerführer Gauführer Untergruppenführer Stabsführer Reichsjugendführer Bannführer Korpsführer Stabschef
Stabschef
(SA) Reichsführer-SS

Nazi Party
Nazi Party
ranks

Blockleiter Zellenleiter Ortsgruppenleiter Kreisleiter Gauleiter Reichsleiter

Other ranks

RLB-Präsident

Organizations

Nazi Party Sturmabteilung Schutzstaffel Allgemeine SS SS-Verfügungstruppe Waffen-SS SS-Totenkopfverbände Hitler Youth National Socialist Motor Corps National Socialist Flyer

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