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Germersheim
Germersheim
(German: [ˈɡɛɐ̯mɐsˌhaɪm] ( listen)) is a town in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, of around 20,000 inhabitants. It is also the seat of the Germersheim
Germersheim
district. The neighboring towns and cities are Speyer, Landau, Philippsburg, Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
and Wörth.

Contents

1 Coat of arms 2 History 3 Local council 4 Honorary citizen 5 Sons and daughters of the town 6 References 7 External links

Coat of arms[edit] The coat of arms features a golden crowned eagle on a blue background. The eagle derives from the fact that, at one time the town was ruled directly by the emperor of Germany. History[edit] After his invasion of Gallia, Gaius Iulius Caesar made the Rhine
Rhine
river the border between the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and Germania. Some small areas east of it were later invaded and added to the Roman province
Roman province
of Agri Decumates. As it was attacked more and more it was given up in the second half of the third century and a military camp was founded, named "Vicus Iulii" ("Village of Julius/Julius' Village). It was supported up to the fourth century. The first record of the name "Germersheim" is from 1090, when it was named in the Sinsheimer Chronik ( Chronicle of Sinsheim). The German King Rudolph von Habsburg (Rudolf of Habsburg) gave Germersheim
Germersheim
city rights in 1276 (18 August). There is a legend which says that he, as a sick man, rode from Germersheim
Germersheim
to Speyer
Speyer
to die there and not in Germersheim. In 1325 the town was given to the Electorate of the Palatinate
Electorate of the Palatinate
by King Ludwig IV. It got a higher status in the following centuries. A Catholic Order founded a monastery in 1298 which it used up to 1527. Having been nearly destroyed in the times of the plague and the Thirty Years' War Germersheim
Germersheim
was burned down by French troops in 1674. Only the crypt and the foundations of the Catholic Church survived. Still strategically important during the French Revolutionary Wars, in July 1793 Germersheim
Germersheim
was the scene of a significant French defeat when an Austrian army under the veteran Field Marshal von Wurmser defeated a French army under Beauharnais.[2] From the year 1797, Germersheim
Germersheim
belonged to France, incorporated into the newly created Mont-Tonnerre
Mont-Tonnerre
department in 1798. It was conquered by Bavarian troops in 1814. After being retaken in 1814, Germersheim's Bavarian rulers started to build a fortress in 1831. It was completed in 1855, although excavations for underground passages continued until 1861. By this time, however, the fortress had become outdated, as artillery had improved greatly in the thirty years since work began. The fortress was destroyed in 1921/22 as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. Some parts still exist, such as the "Fronte Beckers", where the town's Music School is today. Germersheim
Germersheim
was the scene of several conflicts between French troops and German veteran associations during the occupation of the Rhineland following the First World War. General Hans Graf von Sponeck, who ordered the retreat of his troops from Kerch because they were going to be hopelessly cut off by the Russian landings at Theodosia, on the Crimean Peninsula, and against express instruction of his superior officer in the winter 1941, was interned here in the fortress after Hitler
Hitler
had commuted his death sentence to six years detention. In the purge following the failed assassination attempt on Hitler
Hitler
Graf von Sponeck, although not involved, was shot. Today, a street in Germersheim
Germersheim
is named Hans-Graf-von-Sponeck-Straße in his honour.

Germersheim-Weissenburger Tor (Tor=gate)

Old train station

Bridge over the Rhine

Local council[edit]

Seat distribution in the town council (2014)

Party Percentage Number of seats

CDU 40.8 15

SPD 20.3 7

FWG 19.7 7

REP 5.6 2

FDP 3.1 1

B90/Grüne 10.6 4

Gravestone of Eberhard Arbogast and his wife Katharina

Honorary citizen[edit]

Karl Schmitt-Walter (1900-1985), opera singer Eduard Orth (1902-1968), politician (CDU), Education minister of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
1956 - 1967

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

Paul Josef Nardini
Paul Josef Nardini
(1821-1862), theologian Eugen von Zimmerer
Eugen von Zimmerer
(1843-1918), Governor of Cameroon
Cameroon
and minister Frank Hardart, born as Franz Anton Hardardt (1850–1918), American entrepreneur, co-founder of the Horn & Hardart food services company Otto Freiherr Kreß von Kressenstein (1850–1929), Bavarian general and War Minister Friedrich Kreß von Kressenstein (1855-1920), Bavarian General of the Infantry Hermann Kriebel
Hermann Kriebel
(1876-1941), German officer, Freikorpsführer, diplomat and NSDAP politician Friedrich Krebs (1894-1961), lawyer and politician (NSDAP) Franz Sondinger (1896-1939), director, actor, director and writer Karl Schmitt-Walter (1900-1985), opera singer Franz Immig (1918-1955), soccer player Lothar Fischer (1933-2004), German sculptor

References[edit]

^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016.  ^ The Century Cyclopaedia of Names, coordinated by Benjamin E Smith and published by the De Vinne Press, New York 1894 (Page 434)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Germersheim.

Official website (in German) History of the Germersheim
Germersheim
fortress (in German) Project Via Rhenana - Roman Road along the Upper Rhine  "Germersheim". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Germersheim
Germersheim
(district)

Bellheim Berg Erlenbach bei Kandel Freckenfeld Freisbach Germersheim Hagenbach Hatzenbühl Hördt Jockgrim Kandel Knittelsheim Kuhardt Leimersheim Lingenfeld Lustadt Minfeld Neuburg am Rhein Neupotz Ottersheim bei Landau Rheinzabern Rülzheim Scheibenhardt Schwegenheim Steinweiler Vollmersweiler Weingarten Westheim Winden Wörth am Rhein Zeiskam

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150132859 LCCN: n83052

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