Rajput belong to the Suryavanshi division
of Rajputs, found in North India.
Gautam Rajputs fought for
Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri (otherwise known as Sher
Humayun in the 15th century. Later, some of the
community were awarded zamindaris by the Mughal emperor Jahangir,
an example of which was the family settled in
Azamgarh that took the
Raja from around 1609. By the time of Aurangzeb's reign,
the Gautams had gained enough strength to field armed contingents
including artillery, horse cavalry and elephants and made incursions
against the neighboring zamindars of Gorakhpur. One late
17th-century Gautam chief from the
Azamgarh area, named Bikramajit
Singh, converted to Islam after
Aurangzeb threatened that he would
otherwise be executed. His sons and descendants went on to found
communities, establish markets and construct improvements such as a
canal connecting the
Tons River with the Kol.
In the case of one Gautam
Rajput family, from Nagar, the decision by
East India Company
East India Company to dispossess them in favour of another
landholder was the cause of them joining in the Indian rebellion of
1857. Prior to that rebellion, some Gautam communities, in common
with other groups that once held high status and power, were
practitioners of female infanticide. This was in part a result of
British policies that led to declining socio-economic fortunes and
thus a reduction in their ability to construct favourable marriage
Today, some Gautam Rajputs, who also refer to themselves as Gautam
Thakurs, are Muslim and others are Hindus. However, their social and
religious customs blur the lines that might usually be expected to
exist between different religious communities in India. Indeed, their
common identity as Rajputs often over-rides their differences in
religion and they can be found participating in each others' customs
^ Kolff, Dirk H. A. (2002). Naukar, Rajput, and Sepoy: The
Ethnohistory of the Military Labour Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850.
Cambridge University Press. p. 65.
^ Alavi, Seema (2002). The Eighteenth Century in India. Oxford
University Press. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-19565-640-4.
^ Fox, Richard Gabriel (1971). Kin, Clan, Raja, and Rule:
Statehinterland Relations in Preindustrial India. University of
California Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-52001-807-5.
^ a b Muzaffar Alam (1998). "Aspects of Agrarian Uprisings in North
India in the Early Eighteenth Century". In Muzaffar Alam; Sanjay
Subrahmanyam. The Mughal State 1526-1750. Oxford University Press.
p. 461-463. ISBN 978-0195652253.
^ Saberwal, Satish (2008). Spirals of Contention: Why India was
Partitioned in 1947. Routledge. p. 25.
^ Rag, Pankaj (1998). "1857: Need for Alternative Sources". Social
Scientist. 26 (1): 113–147. doi:10.2307/3517585. JSTOR 3517585.
(Subscription required (help)).
^ Kasturi, Malavika (2004). "Taming the 'Dangerous' Rajput; Family,
Marriage and Female Infanticide in Nineteenth-Century Colonial North
India". In Fischer-Tiné, Harald; Mann, Michael. Colonialism as
Civilizing Mission: Cultural Ideology in British India. Anthem Press.
pp. 126–128. ISBN 978-1-84331-363-2.
^ Mishra, Subhash (2002-07-15). "Mixed Strains". India Today. Archived
from the original on 2015-09-24.
Ansari, S. Hasan; Saleem, Mohd. (1980). "Spatial Diffusion of Gautam
Rajput Clan Settlements in Ghazipur District". Man in India. 60 (3):
Rajput clans of Uttar Pradesh
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