Gasherbrum I (Urdu: گاشر برم -1; simplified Chinese:
加舒尔布鲁木I峰; traditional Chinese: 加舒爾布魯木I峰;
pinyin: Jiāshūěrbùlǔmù I Fēng), surveyed as K5 and also known
as Hidden Peak, is the 11th highest mountain in the world at 8,080
metres (26,510 ft) above sea level. It is located on the
Pakistani–Chinese border in
Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan
Xinjiang region of China.
Gasherbrum I is part of the Gasherbrum
massif, located in the
Karakoram region of the Himalaya.
often claimed to mean "Shining Wall", presumably a reference to the
highly visible face of the neighboring peak
Gasherbrum IV; but in fact
it comes from "rgasha" (beautiful) + "brum" (mountain) in Balti, hence
it actually means "beautiful mountain."
Gasherbrum I was designated K5 (meaning the 5th peak of the Karakoram)
by T.G. Montgomerie in 1856 when he first spotted the peaks of the
Karakoram from more than 200 km away during the Great
Trigonometric Survey of India. In 1892,
William Martin Conway
William Martin Conway provided
the alternate name, Hidden Peak, in reference to its extreme
Gasherbrum I was first climbed on July 5, 1958 by
Pete Schoening and
Andy Kauffman of an eight-man American expedition led by Nicholas B.
Clinch. Richard K. Irvin, Tom Nevison, Tom McCormack, Bob Swift and
Gil Roberts were also members of the team.
2 See also
4 Notes and references
5 External links
1934 - A large international expedition, organized by the Swiss G.O.
Gasherbrum I and II. Two climbers get to
6,300 m (20,670 ft).
1936 - A French expedition gets to 6,900 m (22,640 ft).
1958 - An American team makes the first ascent.
Reinhold Messner and
Peter Habeler reached the summit on a new
route (northwest route) in pure alpine style (first time on an
8000-metre peak) taking three days total. One day later, a team of
three led by Austrian Hanns Schell reached the summit on the American
1977 - The fourth successful ascent by two Slovenians (Nejc Zaplotnik
and Andrej Stremfelj), again on a new route.
1980 - A French expedition is successful with the fifth ascent and
pass the South Ridge for the first time.
1981 - Japanese have the sixth successful ascent.
1982 - Michael Dacher, Siegfried Hupfauer and Günter Sturm of a
German expedition summit via a new route on the north face. In the
same year, French Marie-José Valençot is the first woman who reaches
the summit. Her husband,
Sylvain Saudan from Switzerland, performs the
first ski descent from the top of an 8000-metre peak to base camp.
Jerzy Kukuczka with Wojciech Kurtyka, new route. Alpine style
ascent without the aid of oxygen.
1983 - Teams from
Spain are successful.
Reinhold Messner and
Hans Kammerlander traverse
Gasherbrum I without returning to base camp in between
1985 - Solo ascent by Benoît Chamoux. On July 14, the Italian
Giampiero Di Federico (solo ascent) opens a new route on the
1997 - Magnus Rydén and Johan Åkerström reach the summit.
2003 - 19 people reach the summit, 4 deaths, including Mohammad
2012 - March 9, Adam Bielecki (Poland) and Janusz Gołąb (Poland)
made the first winter ascent. The ascent was made without the aid of
supplementary oxygen. The same day, three climbers from a different
expedition — Austrian Gerfried Goschl, Swiss Cedric Hahlen and
Pakistani Nisar Hussain Sadpara — went missing, never to be found
again. They were trying to ascend via a new route and are considered
to have been blown off by strong winds.
2013 - 21 July, Spaniards Abel Alonso, Xebi Gomez and Álvaro Paredes
climbed to the top to then disappear while descending after a
List of mountains in Pakistan
Highest Mountains of the World
Carter, H. Adams (1975). "Balti Place Names in the Karakoram".
American Alpine Journal. 49: 53.
Clinch, Nicholas B. (December 1982). A Walk in the Sky: Climbing
Hidden Peak. Seattle, WA, USA: Mountaineers Books.
Fanshawe, Andy; Venables, Stephen (March 1996).
the most challenging routes on the highest peaks. Seattle, WA, USA:
Mountaineers Books. ISBN 0-34064-931-3.
Notes and references
^ a b "
Gasherbrum I". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
^ "Trekking Routes - Highest peaks". cknp.org. Retrieved
^ a b Clinch "A Walk in the Sky"
^ a b c "
Gasherbrum I: Some background and History". k2news.com.
^ Fanshawe & Venables "
^ "Everest Summiter
Mohammad Oraz death/Iranian expedition".
k2news.com. September 2003. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
^ "Polish Winter Himalayan Mountaineering 2010-2015".
Polishwinterhimalaism.pl. March 9, 2012. Archived from the original on
July 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
^ "Three missing mountaineers feared dead, rescue mission called off".
dawn.com. March 15, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
Gasherbrum I on Summitpost
Gasherbrum I on Himalaya-Info.org (German)
Gasherbrum I on Peakware
Summit Video of Alex Gavan's First Romanian Ascent of
(July 30th 2007)
Annapurna I East
Annapurna I Middle Peak
List of ski descents
List of climbers
List of deaths