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The Frankopan
Frankopan
family (Croatian: Frankopani, Frankapani; Italian: Frangipani, Hungarian: Frangepán. Latin: Frangepanus/Francopanus), was a Croatian noble family, whose members were among the great landowner magnates and high officers of the Kingdom of Hungary–Croatia.

Contents

1 History 2 Notable members 3 Holdings 4 Controversial name claiming 5 See also 6 References

History[edit]

The older family coat of arms, before they changed their name to "Frankopan" in 1430, and adopted Venice
Venice
influenced coat of arms.

The Frankopan
Frankopan
family was one of the leading Croatian aristocratic families from 12th to 17th century. Since the 15th century they were trying to link themselves to the Roman patrician Frangipani family (which claimed descent from a Roman plebeian family of Anicii and ended in 1654 with Mario Frangipane being its last male descendant[5]). However Croatian Encyclopedia[6], Italian Encyclopedia[7] and German Biographical Lexicon of the History of Southeastern Europe[8] by the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies highly question the bloodline connection between the two families and remind of the common fashion of medieval noble families in Europe
Europe
to try and connect themselves to ancient Roman nobility. Along with the members of the Zrinski
Zrinski
family the Frankopan ranked high in terms of importance by virtue of power, wealth, fame, glory and role in Croatian and Hungarian history. The first known member of Croatian lineage of the Frankopan
Frankopan
family was Dujam I Krčki (Doymus Veglenfis in Latin
Latin
sources that also attribute the title of comes to him[9][10]), lord of Krk
Krk
who received permission by Domenico Michieli, Doge of Venice
Venice
from 1118 to 1130, to rule the island of Krk as vassal of the Republic of Venice.[6][2] His exact origin is unknown, but he and his descendants were referred to as the Counts of Krk
Krk
in historical documents.[6][7][2] In 1428 Nikola IV Krčki (Ban of Croatia
Croatia
and Dalmatia from 1426 to 1432) was the first of the Counts of Krk
Krk
to call himself Frankapan.[11] In 1430 he managed to receive recognition from Pope Martin V
Pope Martin V
for being a descendant of the old Roman patrician family Frangipani and officially started using their name and coat of arms.[1][11] In 1240–1241 the Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
advanced from Poland toward Hungary whose King, Béla IV resisted bravely but finally had to seek refuge in Dalmatia. King Béla stayed with the Frankopans who assisted him with arms and funds and brought him into safety in Veglia and then brought him back to his own land. As reward the King gave the Frankopans the county of Senj
Senj
with surrounding lands and the castle of Modruš.[12] In 1246 there was another war, between Frederick II, Duke of Austria and Béla, who, with the assistance of the Frankopan, won a victory. As a further reward, King Béla then, by royal decree, created the Frankopans as Lords of their territory for them and their descendants.[12] The Frankopans constantly supported the Catholic Church. In particular, Nikola Frankopan
Nikola Frankopan
reconstructed the Holy House of Our Lady in 1294 in Tersatto
Tersatto
(Trsat).[12] It is recorded that in 1291, Nikola Frankopan
Frankopan
sent a delegation to Nazareth
Nazareth
to measure the Holy House after the House had been saved, presumably by the Crusaders, and brought to Trsat
Trsat
or Tersatto, on the Adriatic Coast where the Frankopans had a castle. In 1294 Nikola Frankopan, gave the Holy House to the Pope to be placed on Papal lands, at Loreto, near Ancona. Although the possessions of the family were exposed to every assault both from the east and the west, their power increased steadily until the 17th century when their lands reached further east. The Zrinski and Frankopan
Frankopan
families came into closer affinity by marriage ties until in the eyes of the European courts they had become one of the most important families of Croatia. In 1420 the Swedish King Erik of Pomerania
Erik of Pomerania
called Ivan VI Frankopan, the eldest son of the Croatian ban Nikola IV, to Sweden
Sweden
to accompany the Swedish King to the Holy Land and later to assist the King at the Court in Sweden. Ivan VI Frankopan
Frankopan
lived in Sweden
Sweden
at intervals between 1420 and 1430. After his father's death he returned to his home country. His eldest son called Matthias (Matija)[13] stayed in Sweden. In 1425 Emperor Sigismund confirmed the noble status of Nikola Frankopan
Frankopan
referring to him as Niklas Frangiapan Comes
Comes
de Begle, Segnie et Modrusse (Nikola Frankopan, Count of Krk, Senj
Senj
and Modruš)[14][15] using the Latin
Latin
title of comes. He also granted the family the privileges of red wax, (Rotwachsprivilegien), i.e., the right to use red wax for their seals. Sigismund underlines at the end of this document that no one must ever dispute these rights of the family.[16] Bernardin Frankopan's (1453-1529) paternal grandmother Dorothy was from a prominent Hungarian noble family, Garay, while his mother Isotta from Este family was Duchy of Ferrara
Ferrara
of Ferrara. Through ancestry from royal Spanish families Bernardin had even Árpád ancestry (the Árpád dynasty
Árpád dynasty
founded the Kingdom of Hungary.) The Frankopan
Frankopan
family was persecuted after the Zrinski-Frankopan conspiracy, where the Count Fran Krsto Frankopan
Fran Krsto Frankopan
participated in an uprising against Habsburg
Habsburg
King Leopold I. He and his brother-in-law, Petar Zrinski
Zrinski
were executed in Wiener Neustadt.

Grave of Nikola Frankopan
Nikola Frankopan
(*c.1352 - †1432), in Trsat.

Portrait of Prince Juraj III. Frankopan
Frankopan
(*? - †1553), owner of Cetin Castle

The line of Stjepan II Frankopan, Ban of Croatia
Croatia
(d. 1481), died out with Katarina Frankopan
Frankopan
in the 16th century. The line of Sigismund Frankopan
Frankopan
expired with Franjo Frankopan, Bishop of Eger
Bishop of Eger
in 1542. Another branch died out in 1572 with Franjo Frankopan, Ban of Croatia; and the Trsat
Trsat
branch died out with Fran Krsto Frankopan
Fran Krsto Frankopan
in 1671 (and in the female line with Julianna Frankopan, Countess of Traun).[4] Notable members[edit]

Ivan V (Anž) of Krk
Krk
(died 1393). Ban of Croatia Nikola Frankopan
Nikola Frankopan
(Hungarian: Miklós) (c.1360-1432). First "Frankopan", and son of Ivan V of Krk. Ban of Croatia. Ivan Frankopan (Hungarian: János) (died 1436). Son of Nikola Frankopan. Ban of Croatia. Stjepan Frankopan
Frankopan
(Hungarian: István) (c. 1416-1481/4). Son of Ban Nikola Frankopan. Co-Ban with Ivan Frankopan, of Croatia. Ivan VII Frankopan - ruled the Principality of Krk
Krk
1451–1480. Bernardin Frankopan
Bernardin Frankopan
(1453-1529) Son of Stjepan Frankopan. Influential nobleman, diplomat, and warrior. Nikola Frankopan
Nikola Frankopan
(Hungarian: Miklós) (died 1456-1458). Son of Ban Nikola Frankopan. Ban of Croatia
Croatia
and Slavonia. Beatrice Frankopan
Frankopan
(1480-c.1510). Noblewoman, heiress of Hunyad Castle and wife of John Corvinus. Krsto Frankopan
Frankopan
(Hungarian: Kristóf) (1482-1527). Son of Bernardin Frankopan. Ban of Croatia. Franjo Frankopan (1536 - 1572). Ban of Croatia. Vuk Krsto Frankopan
Vuk Krsto Frankopan
(c.1578-c.1652). General of Karlovac generalate. Ivan (Franjo) Frankopan
Frankopan
- archbishop, bishop, and diplomat. Nikola IX Frankopan
Frankopan
of Tržac (died 1647). Ban of Croatia. Katarina Zrinska
Katarina Zrinska
(Hungarian: Katalin) (c.1625-1673). Daughter of Vuk Krsto Frankopan. Married Petar Zrinski, Ban of Croatia. Fran Krsto Frankopan
Fran Krsto Frankopan
(Hungarian: Ferenc Kristóf, beheaded in 1671). Promulgated the Zrinski- Frankopan
Frankopan
conspiracy, known as Wesselényi conspiracy in Hungary.

Holdings[edit] Several of the Frankopan
Frankopan
castles remain in Croatia, mostly around the Gorski kotar
Gorski kotar
region and the island of Krk. The castle at Stara Susica near Trsat
Trsat
incorporates structures going back to the Illyrian and Roman periods. The town of Bosiljevo
Bosiljevo
has a medieval fortified castle, renovated in the last century in the spirit of the Romanesque. The castle and park at Severin na Kupi
Severin na Kupi
were owned by the Frankopan
Frankopan
family until the mid-17th century. Other castles or property of the Frankopans could be found in Ribnik, Bosiljevo, Novi Vinodolski, Drivenik, Ogulin, Slunj, Ozalj, Cetingrad, Trsat, and other surrounding towns. The Frankopan
Frankopan
castle in the town of Krk
Krk
is currently used for open-air performances in the summer months. Some castles which were propriety of the family:

Ruins of Tržan Castle in Modruš, once a seat of the Frankopan
Frankopan
family on Croatian mainland

Cetin Castle

Drivenik Castle

Drežnik Castle

Dubovac Castle

Grižane Castle

Grobnik Castle

Kraljevica
Kraljevica
Castle

Krk
Krk
Castle

Novi Vinodolski
Novi Vinodolski
Castle

Novigrad na Dobri
Novigrad na Dobri
Castle

Ogulin
Ogulin
Castle

Ozalj
Ozalj
Castle

Ribnik Castle

Sokolac Castle

Slunj
Slunj
Castle

Severin na Kupi
Severin na Kupi
Castle

Stara Sušica Castle

Trsat
Trsat
Castle

Fortified town of Bihać

Controversial name claiming[edit] Although the House of Frankopan
House of Frankopan
ended in the 17th century there were unsuccessful attempts of seizing their name and holdings in the centuries that followed. The newest such a case is claim by some members of the Dojmi di Delupis (Croatian version of the name) / Doimi de Lupis (Italian version of the name) family, originally a 13th-century minor nobles (knighthood) from the island of Vis who were never connected to the Frankopans in historical documents. In the year 2000 Louis Doimi de Lupis, by then a British citizen, changed his surname to Doimi de Frankopan
Frankopan
Šubić
Šubić
Zrinski
Zrinski
under British Civil law,[17] adding several names of ancient Croatian noble families that combined in such a fashion were historically never attributed to any member of mentioned noble families. Subsequently, the Croatian Nobility
Nobility
Association expelled the Doimi de Lupis family from their membership calling the name reverting a falsification.[18] Additionally, John Kennedy, editor of directory of Europe's royalty and nobility Almanach de Gotha, stated that the use of the name Frankopan
Frankopan
by Doimi de Lupis family is "more aspirational than inherited".[19] In the late 1990s, trying to save the reputation of his family name, Louis's cousin Mirko Jamnicki-Dojmi di Delupis wrote an open letter where he denounced claims over Frankopan, Šubić
Šubić
and Zrinski
Zrinski
names by his family and presented the family tree of Dojmi di Delupis containing 129 names from the year 1200 onwards.[20] In 1990s the wife of Louis Doimi de Lupis Swedish lawyer Ingrid Detter bought the Ribnik Castle (once propriety of the Frankopans, the Counts of Krk) for the price of 1,6 million kunas.[21] Having previously adopted the title of Count,[22] Louis Doimi de Lupis together with his wife and children eventually started to use the title of Prince (a royal title never held by the Frankopans) claiming that an Italian court[23][verification needed][dubious – discuss] gave them the right to use the name of Croatian noble family the Frankopans as well as the style of Prince/ Princess
Princess
in the late 2000s. The Frankopan's historical title knez[6] was (at the time) high feudal hereditary title[24] which was translated as conte in Italian historical sources[7] and is equivalent of Count in English. Apart from the sources where certain members of Doimi de Lupis family claim to be Croatian princes[25][26][27] it is possible to find online sources where they are styled as "Prince/ Princess
Princess
... of Croatia"[28][29] which is a royal title that only the heir apparent of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine could legitimately claim. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frankopan
Frankopan
family.

Frankopan
Frankopan
family tree Law codex of Vinodol
Law codex of Vinodol
(1288) Zrinski- Frankopan
Frankopan
conspiracy

References[edit]

^ a b c "Obitelj Frankopani". ARHiNET (digital archive information system of Croatian State Archives). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ a b c d e "Frankapan (Frankopan)". Croatian Biographical Lexicon by Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography
Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography
(online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ "Hrvatski Plemićki Zbor". Dubrovnik Net. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ a b Nagy, Iván; Friebeisz, István (1858). "Magyarország családai: Czimerekkel és nemzékrendi táblákkal". Retrieved 2012-12-31.  ^ "Frangipane, Mario". Treccani - Enciclopedia Italiana (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ a b c d "Frankapan (Frankopan)". Croatian Encyclopedia
Croatian Encyclopedia
by Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ a b c "Frangipane (Frangipani)". Treccani - Enciclopedia Italiana (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ "Frankapani". Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte Südosteuropas (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-27.  ^ Daniele Farlati (1775). Illyricum sacrum, vol. 5. Sebastianum Coleti. p. 640.  ^ Flaminio Cornelio (1749). Ecclesiae Venetae (Torcellanae). Pasquali. p. 228, 229.  ^ a b "Frankapan, Nikola IV (de Frangepan; Mikula, Nicolaus)". Croatian Biographical Lexicon by Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-16.  ^ a b c [Gliubich, Simeone, Dizionario biografico degli uomini illustri della Dalmazia, Vienna, 1856, p. 136.] ^ Petar Strčić (2002). "Vončinin genealoški, onomasiološki i kronološki pristup Franji Krsti Frankopanu". Kolo (in Croatian). Matica hrvatska
Matica hrvatska
(2). ISSN 1331-0992. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2013-02-10.  ^ "119.16 Fragiapan, Begle, Segnie et Modrusse, Niclas Comes
Comes
des, Bestätigung und Erneuerung der Rotwachsfreiheit". Österreichisches Staatsarchiv (digital archive information system of National Archives of Austria. Retrieved 2017-10-27.  ^ "120.6 Frangiapan, Begle, Segnie et Modrusse, Niklas Comes
Comes
de, Bestätigung und Erneuerung der Rotwachsfreiheit". Österreichisches Staatsarchiv (digital archive information system of National Archives of Austria. Retrieved 2017-10-27.  ^ Österreichisches Staatsarchiv, Vienna, Reichsadelsakt Fragiapan, 1425, Dokument 120.6 & 119.16 ^ David Brown; et al. (30 September 2006). "Royal match that really is a fairytale". The Times.  Missing or empty url= (help)CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) ^ "Lažno predstavljanje - Jeste li znali da postoje princ i princeza Frankopan
Frankopan
Šubić
Šubić
Zrinski". dubrovniknet.hr. 2012-10-25.  ^ David Lowenthal (2015). The Past is a Foreign Country - Revisited. Cambridge University Press. p. 42.  ^ "Hrvatska misija lažnih Frankopana". Nacional online edition (nacional.hr). 2002-09-25.  ^ "Frankopani upropastili Ribnik: 'Rekla nam je da je savjetnica pape pa smo joj dali dvorac'". Jutarnji list (jutarnji.hr). 2012-04-07.  ^ Daily Telegraph, April 30 1997 ^ Tribunale di Perugia, 1103/2007 ^ "knez". Croatian Encyclopedia
Croatian Encyclopedia
by Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (online edition). Retrieved 2017-10-17.  ^ "Peter Frankopan: "This idea of globalisation as something Facebook taught us is rubbish"". The Telegraph(telegraph.co.uk). 2015-08-28.  ^ "The height of good manors: Meet the member of the Sainsbury family whose heart lies in hotels". Mail Online (dailymail.co.uk). 2009-11-21.  ^ " Princess
Princess
Paola Doimi de Lupis de Frankopan
Frankopan
Šubic Zrinski, Lady Nicholas Windsor". geni.com. Retrieved 2017-10-17.  ^ "Royal pretender". The Telegraph (telegraph.co.uk). 2001-06-01.  ^ "The Cinderella syndrome". The World University Rankings website (timeshighereducation.com). 1997-06-13. 

v t e

Croatian nobility

Royal families

Trpimirović (Svetoslavić, Krešimirović) Svačić

Princes/Dukes

Babonić Baćan Čudomirić Domagojević Erdődy Feštetić Frankopan Gorjanski Graziani (Gratiani) Hrvatinić Iločki Jamometić Kačić Korvin Kukar Gusić (Kurjaković) Lacković Lapčan (Karin) Lasničić Mlinarić Mogorović Nelipić Erba-Odescalchi Poletčić Radić Šubić Tugomirić Zapolja Zrinski

Marquesses

Andechs-Meran Crnković Frankopan Bunić Bombelles de Piennes Sponheim

Counts

Alagić Alberti Banfi Berislavići Grabarski Berislavići Trogirski Berislavići Malomlački Bot Bajnski Bundić Cambj Castropola Celjski Crijević Česnegić Čikulin Delišimunović Drašković Džamanjić Đurđević Eltz Gising Gradić Gučetić Gundulić Janković Jelačić Kabužić Kačić Keglević Kolonić Konjski Kulmer Niczky Normann-Prandau Orehovečki Oršić Patačić Pejačević Pucić Ranjina Ratkaj Rubido Saraka Sermage Sorkočević Ungnad Vitovec Vojković

Barons

Adamović Alapić Babić Bedeković Benko Borojević Burić Cuvaj Cvjetićanin Čorić Filipović Getaldić Gregorijanec Gusić Gvozdanović Hellenbach Hotković Inkey Jovanović Jurišić Jurković Knežević Lenković Ljubičić Magdalenić Maroičić Mlakovečki Nikolić-Podrinski Orešković Ožegović Puhalo Radošević Rauch Rigoni Ritter-Vitezović Rodić Rubido-Zichy Rukavina Sarkotić Sečujac Slivarić Heldenburški Šimunić Šokčević Tahy Tomašić Trenk Turković Unukić Vlašić Vranyczany-Dobrinović Vrkljan (Werklein) Vukasović Zakm

.