ListMoto - Fairfax County, Virginia

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Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax, is a suburban county in the Commonwealth of Virginia
in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,081,726,[1] in 2015, it was estimated at 1,142,234,[2] making it the Commonwealth's most populous jurisdiction, with 13.6% of Virginia's population. The county is also the most populous jurisdiction in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, with 19.8% of the MSA population, as well as the larger Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area, with 13.1% of the CSA population. The county seat is the City of Fairfax, though because it is an independent city under Virginia
law, the city of Fairfax is not part of Fairfax County.[3] Fairfax was the first U.S. county to reach a six-figure median household income and has the second-highest median household income of any local jurisdiction in the United States
United States
after neighbor Loudoun County.[4][5] The county is home to the headquarters of intelligence agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and National Reconnaissance Office, as well as the National Counterterrorism Center and Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The county is also home to seven Fortune 500
Fortune 500
companies, including three with Falls Church addresses; although Falls Church is its own independent municipality.[6]


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Adjacent jurisdictions

3 Geology 4 Government and politics 5 Demographics 6 Education 7 Economy

7.1 Tysons Corner 7.2 Employment 7.3 Top employers

8 Arts and culture 9 Transportation

9.1 Roads 9.2 Major highways 9.3 Air 9.4 Public transportation

10 Parks and recreation

10.1 Trails

11 Communities

11.1 Census-designated places 11.2 Other communities

12 Notable people 13 Sister cities 14 See also 15 Notes 16 External links


Piney Branch Mill, southeast of Fairfax city, Historic American Buildings Survey

CIA headquarters in Langley

At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of what would become Fairfax County were an Algonquian-speaking sub-group called the Taux, also known as the Doeg or Dogue. Their villages, as recorded by Captain John Smith
Captain John Smith
in 1608, included Namassingakent and Nemaroughquand on the south bank of the Potomac River
Potomac River
in what is now Fairfax County.[7] Virginian colonists from the Northern Neck
Northern Neck
region drove the Doeg out of this area and into Maryland
by 1670. Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from the northern part of Prince William County. It was named for Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693–1781), proprietor of the Northern Neck.[8][9] The Fairfax family name is derived from the Old English phrase for "blond hair" – Faeger-feahs. The oldest settlements in Fairfax County were along the Potomac River. George Washington
George Washington
settled in Fairfax County and built his home, Mount Vernon, facing the river. Gunston Hall, the home of George Mason
George Mason
is nearby. Modern Fort Belvoir
Fort Belvoir
is partly on the estate of Belvoir Manor, built along the Potomac by William Fairfax in 1741. Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, the only member of the British nobility ever to reside in the colonies, lived at Belvoir before he moved to the Shenandoah Valley. The Belvoir mansion and several of its outbuildings were destroyed by fire immediately after the Revolutionary War in 1783, and George Washington
George Washington
noted the plantation complex deteriorated into ruins. In 1757, the northwestern two-thirds of Fairfax County became Loudoun County. In 1789, part of Fairfax County was ceded to the federal government to form Alexandria County
Alexandria County
of the District of Columbia. Alexandria County
Alexandria County
was returned to Virginia
in 1846, reduced in size by the secession of the independent city of Alexandria in 1870, and renamed Arlington County in 1920. The Fairfax County town of Falls Church became an independent city in 1948.[10] The Fairfax County town of Fairfax became an independent city in 1961.[11]

Battles on Bull Run, near Manassas, on the line of Fairfax & Prince William Counties, in Virginia, fought between the forces of the Confederate States and of the United States
United States
of America : Gene'ls. Beauregard and Johnston commanding the Confederate and Genl. McDoweel, the United States
United States
forces, on the 21st of July, 1861, from 7 a.m.-9 p.m[12]

Located near Washington, D.C., Fairfax County was an important region in the Civil War. The Battle of Chantilly
Battle of Chantilly
or Ox Hill, during the same campaign as the second Battle of Bull Run, was fought within the county; Bull Run is the border between Fairfax and Prince William Counties. Other areas of activity included Minor's Hill, Munson's Hill, and Upton's Hill, on the county's eastern border, overlooking Washington, D.C. The federal government's growth during and after World War II spurred rapid growth in the county and made the county increasingly suburban. Other large businesses continued to settle in Fairfax County and the opening of Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center
spurred the rise of Tysons Corner. The technology boom and a steady government-driven economy also created rapid growth and an increasingly growing and diverse population. The economy has also made Fairfax County one of the nation's wealthiest counties.[13] A general aviation airport located along U.S. Route 50, west of Seven Corners called the Falls Church Airpark
Falls Church Airpark
operated in the county from 1948 to 1960. The facility's 2,650 foot unpaved runway was used extensively by private pilots and civil defense officials. Residential development, multiple accidents, and the demand for retail space led to its closure in 1960.[14][15][16] Geography[edit]





Fairfax County

Falls Church



Manassas Park

Prince William


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 406 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 391 square miles (1,010 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (3.8%) is water.[17] Fairfax County is bounded on the north and southeast by the Potomac River. Across the river to the northeast is Washington, D.C., across the river to the north is Montgomery County, Maryland, and across the river to the southeast are Prince George's County, Maryland
Prince George's County, Maryland
and Charles County, Maryland. The county is partially bounded on the north and east by Arlington County and the independent cities of Alexandria and Falls Church. It is bounded on the west by Loudoun County, and on the south by Prince William County. Most of the county lies in the Piedmont region, with rolling hills and deep stream valleys such as Difficult Run
Difficult Run
and its tributaries. West of Route 28, the hills give way to a flat, gentle valley which stretches west to the Bull Run Mountains in Loudoun County. Elevations in the county range from near sea level along the tidal sections of the Potomac River
Potomac River
in the southeast portion of the county to more than 500 feet (150 m) in the Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
area. Adjacent jurisdictions[edit]

Arlington County – east Charles County, Maryland
Charles County, Maryland
– southeast City of Alexandria – east City of Fairfax – surrounded by Fairfax County City of Falls Church – east Loudoun County – northwest Montgomery County, Maryland
Montgomery County, Maryland
– north Prince George's County, Maryland
Prince George's County, Maryland
– east Prince William County
Prince William County
– southwest

Geology[edit] The Piedmont hills in the central county are made up of ancient metamorphic rocks such as schist, the roots of several ancestral ranges of the Appalachians. The western valley is floored with more recent shale and sandstone. This geology is similar to adjacent bands of rocks in Maryland
and further south in Virginia
along the eastern front of the Appalachians. An area of 11 square miles (30 km2) of the county is known to be underlain with natural asbestos.[18] Much of the asbestos is known to emanate from fibrous tremolite or actinolite. The threat was discovered in 1987, prompting the county to establish laws to monitor air quality at construction sites, control soil taken from affected areas, and require freshly developed sites to lay 6 inches (150 mm) of clean, stable material over the ground.[19][20] For instance, during the construction of Centreville High School a large amount of asbestos-laden soil was removed and then trucked to Vienna for the construction of the I-66/Nutley Street interchange. Fill dirt then had to be trucked in to make the site level.[citation needed] Marine clays can be found in widespread areas of the county east of Interstate 95, mostly in the Lee and Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon
districts. These clays contribute to soil instability, leading to significant construction challenges for builders.[21] Government and politics[edit]

Senatorial election results[22]

Year Democratic Republican Libertarian Independent Other Independent Greens

2000 213,311 196,827




25,917 and 18,212 1,737

2006 202,036 137,313

369 3,280

2008 345,978 157,286 2,904 2,746 559

2012 319,748 201,414


2014 176,418 122,857 6,329

Gubernatorial election results[22]

Year Democratic Republican Libertarian Independent Reform Other

1993 115,800 124,270



1997 114,697 129,038

1,922 121

2001 146,537 120,799 1,586


2005 163,667 103,285



2009 134,189 138,655


2013 178,746 110,681 15,828


2017 255,200 117,141 3,423 0 0 0

Presidential Elections Results[23]

Year Republican Democratic Third Parties

2016 28.6% 157,710 64.4% 355,133 7.0% 38,340

2012 39.1% 206,773 59.6% 315,273 1.4% 7,241

2008 38.9% 200,994 60.1% 310,359 1.0% 4,901

2004 45.9% 211,980 53.3% 245,671 0.8% 3,728

2000 48.9% 202,181 47.5% 196,501 3.7% 15,093

1996 48.2% 176,033 46.6% 170,150 5.2% 19,080

1992 44.3% 170,488 41.6% 160,186 14.2% 54,544

1988 61.1% 200,641 38.3% 125,711 0.6% 2,013

1984 62.9% 183,181 36.8% 107,295 0.3% 822

1980 57.4% 137,620 30.8% 73,734 11.8% 28,351

1976 53.6% 110,424 44.7% 92,037 1.7% 3,496

1972 66.3% 112,135 32.4% 54,844 1.3% 2,267

1968 49.0% 57,462 38.2% 44,796 12.8% 15,061

1964 38.7% 30,755 61.2% 48,680 0.1% 82

1960 51.7% 28,006 48.1% 26,064 0.3% 149

1956 55.7% 20,761 42.0% 15,633 2.3% 873

1952 60.9% 13,020 39.0% 8,329 0.1% 30

1948 52.0% 4,930 39.2% 3,719 8.9% 840

1944 52.8% 4,046 46.8% 3,582 0.4% 34

1940 41.9% 2,371 57.7% 3,263 0.5% 26

1936 35.0% 1,584 64.4% 2,913 0.7% 30

1932 32.9% 1,368 65.3% 2,714 1.7% 72

1928 67.1% 2,507 32.9% 1,229

1924 30.0% 765 62.2% 1,586 7.8% 199

1920 37.7% 987 61.1% 1,598 1.2% 32

1916 28.3% 472 70.8% 1,179 0.9% 15

1912 14.0% 187 74.1% 992 11.9% 159

Fairfax County uses the urban county executive form of government, which county voters approved in a 1966 referendum.[24][25] Under the urban county executive plan, the county is governed by the 10-member Fairfax County Board of Supervisors with the day-to-day running of the county tasked to the appointed Fairfax County Executive. Nine of the board members are elected from the single-member districts of Braddock, Dranesville, Hunter Mill, Lee, Mason, Mount Vernon, Providence, Springfield, and Sully, while the chairman is elected at-large. In addition to the Board of Supervisors, three constitutional officers; the Commonwealth's Attorney, Clerk of the Circuit Court and Sheriff, as well as the 12 members of the Fairfax County School Board, are directly elected by the voters of Fairfax County. The Fairfax County Government Center
Fairfax County Government Center
is west of the City of Fairfax in an unincorporated area.[26] Fairfax County contains an exclave unincorporated area in the central business district of the City of Fairfax, in which many county facilities (including the courthouses and jail) are located.[27][28] Fairfax County was once considered a Republican bastion. However, in recent years Democrats have made significant inroads, gaining control of the Board of Supervisors and the School Board (officially nonpartisan) as well as the offices of Sheriff and Commonwealth Attorney. Democrats also control the majority of Fairfax seats in the Virginia
House of Delegates and Senate. Fairfax County encompasses portions of three congressional districts, the 8th District, the 10th District, and the 11th District. Republican Barbara Comstock
Barbara Comstock
represents the 10th District, while Democrat Don Beyer represents the 8th District and Democrat Gerry Connolly represents the 11th District. Communities closer to Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
generally favor Democrats by a larger margin than outlying communities. In elections in 2000, 2001, and 2005, Fairfax County supported Democrats for U.S. Senate and governor. In 2004, Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry
John Kerry
won the county, becoming the first Democrat to do so since Lyndon B. Johnson in his 1964 landslide (the last time Democrats carried the state until 2008). Kerry defeated George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in the county 53% to 46%. Democratic gubernatorial candidate Tim Kaine
Tim Kaine
carried Fairfax County with over 60% of the vote in 2005, helping him to win 51.7% of votes statewide. In 2006, U.S. Senate candidate Jim Webb
Jim Webb
(D) carried the county with 58.9% of the votes, while winning the statewide election. In the state and local elections of November 2007, Fairfax Democrats picked up one seat in the House of Delegates, two seats in the Senate, and one seat on the Board of Supervisors, making their majority there 8–2. On November 4, 2008, Fairfax County continued its shift towards the Democrats, with Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Mark Warner
Mark Warner
each garnering over 60% of the vote for president and U.S. Senate, respectively. Also, the Fairfax-anchored 11th District United States
United States
House of Representatives seat held by Thomas M. Davis
Thomas M. Davis
for 14 years was won by Gerry Connolly, the Democratic Chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. Braddock supervisor Sharon Bulova
Sharon Bulova
won a special election on February 3, 2009 to succeed Gerry Connolly
Gerry Connolly
as chairman of the Board of Supervisors, continuing a Democratic hold on the office that dates to 1995. Delegate David Marsden won a special election on January 12, 2010 to succeed Ken Cuccinelli
Ken Cuccinelli
in the 37th State Senate district.[29] Following this election, Fairfax County is now represented in the Virginia
State Senate by an all-Democratic delegation.[30] In the 2010 congressional elections, Republican challenger Keith Fimian nearly defeated Democratic incumbent Gerry Connolly
Gerry Connolly
in the election for the 11th District seat, but Connolly won by 981 votes out of over 225,000 cast (a margin of 0.4%). Jim Moran and Frank Wolf were re-elected by margins of 61%–37% and 63%–35%, respectively. In 2012, Fairfax County solidly backed Barack Obama
Barack Obama
for re-election as president, with Obama nearly equaling his 2008 performance there by winning the county 59.6% to 39.1%. Former Governor Tim Kaine, running for the U.S. Senate in 2012, carried Fairfax County with 61% percent of the vote as part of his statewide victory. Representatives Connolly (D), Moran (D), and Wolf (R) were also reelected. Although Republican Governor Bob McDonnell
Bob McDonnell
won Fairfax County with 51% in November 2009, the Republican resurgence in Fairfax was short-lived. Four years later, in the November 2013 election, Democratic gubernatorial candidate Terry McAuliffe
Terry McAuliffe
won Fairfax County with 58% of the vote, defeating incumbent state Attorney General and former Republican state senator from Fairfax, Ken Cuccinelli. McAuliffe's running mates, Ralph Northam
Ralph Northam
and Mark Herring, also carried Fairfax County in their respective bids for Lieutenant Governor and Attorney General. These Democratic victories mirrored the Democratic ticket's sweep of the state's three executive offices for the first time since 1989. In the 2016 general election, Fairfax continued its trend towards Democratic candidates. Congressmen Beyer (D) and Connolly (D) were reelected, the latter of whom ran unopposed. Further, despite Donald Trump's victory in the Electoral College, Fairfax County supported Hillary Clinton with 64.4% of the vote to Trump's 28.6%, mirroring a heavy swing towards Democrats in Northern Virginia.

County Board of Supervisors

Position Name Party First Election District

  Chairman Sharon Bulova Democratic 2009 At-large

  Supervisor John Cook Republican 2009 Braddock

  Supervisor John Foust Democratic 2007 Dranesville

  Supervisor Cathy Hudgins Democratic 1999 Hunter Mill

  Supervisor Jeff McKay Democratic 2007 Lee

  Supervisor Penelope Gross Democratic 1995 Mason

  Supervisor Daniel "Dan" Storck Democratic 2015 Mount Vernon

  Supervisor Linda Smyth Democratic 2003 Providence

  Supervisor Patrick "Pat" Herrity Republican 2007 Springfield

  Supervisor Kathy Smith Democratic 2015 Sully

Constitutional Officers

Position Name Party First Election District

  Sheriff Stacey Kincaid Democratic 2013 At-large

  Commonwealth's Attorney Ray Morrogh Democratic 2007 At-large

  Clerk of Circuit Court John T. Frey Republican 1991 At-large

Representatives to the Virginia
House of Delegates

Position Name Party First Election District

Delegate Kathleen Murphy Democratic 2015 34[31]

  Delegate Mark Keam Democratic 2009 35

  Delegate Ken Plum Democratic 1977 36

  Delegate David Bulova Democratic 2005 37

  Delegate Kaye Kory Democratic 2009 38

  Delegate Vivian E. Watts Democratic 1981 39

  Delegate Tim Hugo Republican 2001 40

  Delegate Eileen Filler-Corn Democratic 2010 41

  Delegate Kathy Tran Democratic 2017 42

  Delegate Mark D. Sickles Democratic 2003 43

  Delegate Paul Krizek Democratic 2015 44

  Delegate Mark Levine Democratic 2015 45

  Delegate Charniele Herring Democratic 2009 46

  Delegate Alfonso Lopez Democratic 2011 49

  Delegate Jim Scott Democratic 1991 53

  Delegate Karrie Delaney Democratic 2017 67

  Delegate Jennifer Boysko Democratic 2015 86

Representatives to the Virginia
State Senate

Position Name Party First Election District

Senator Adam Ebbin Democratic 2011 30

Senator Barbara Favola Democratic 2011 31

Senator Janet Howell Democratic 1991 32

Senator Jennifer Wexton Democratic 2014 33

Senator Chap Petersen Democratic 2007 34

Senator Richard L. Saslaw Democratic 1980 35

Senator Scott Surovell Democratic 2015 36

Senator Dave Marsden Democratic 2010 37

Senator George Barker Democratic 2007 39


Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 12,320

1800 13,317


1810 13,111


1820 11,404


1830 9,204


1840 9,370


1850 10,682


1860 11,834


1870 12,952


1880 16,025


1890 16,655


1900 18,580


1910 20,536


1920 21,943


1930 25,264


1940 40,929


1950 98,557


1960 275,002


1970 455,021


1980 596,901


1990 818,584


2000 969,749


2010 1,081,726


Est. 2016 1,138,652 [32] 5.3%

U.S. Decennial Census[33] 1790–1960[34] 1900–1990[35] 1990–2000[36]

As of 2010, there were 1,081,726 people, 350,714 households, and 250,409 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,455 people per square mile (948/km²). There were 359,411 housing units at an average density of 910 per square mile (351/km²). The ethnic makeup of the county was:

percentage ethnic group

62.68% White

9.17% Black or African American

0.36% Native American

17.53% Asian

0.07% Pacific Islander

4.54% other races

3.65% two or more races.

15.58% Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

The largest ancestry groups were:

percentage ancestry group

11.2% German

10.2% Irish

8.6% English

5.1% American

5.1% Italian

4.1% Indian

4.0% Salvadoran

3.8% Korean

3.3% Sub-Saharan African

2.7% Vietnamese

2.6% Polish

2.4% Chinese

2.4% Arabs

2.2% Scottish

1.9% French

1.8% Spanish

1.7% Mexican

1.7% Bolivian

1.4% Filipino

1.4% Russian

1.3% Scotch-Irish

1.2% Peruvian

1.1% Honduran

1.0% Guatemalan

1.0% Pakistani

Ethnic structure of Fairfax County   White (62.7%)   Asian (17.5%)   Black (9.2%)   Other (6.5%)   Two or more races (3.6%)   Native (0.4%)   Pacific islander (0.1%)

In 2000 there are 350,714 households, of which 36.30% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.20. The age distribution was 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 33.90% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 7.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $81,050, and the median income for a family was $92,146; in a 2007 estimate, these figures rose to $102,460 and $120,804, respectively. Males had a median income of $60,503 versus $41,802 for females. The per capita income for the county was $36,888. About 3.00% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.20% of those under age 18 and 4.00% of those age 65 or over. A more recent report from the 2007 American Community Survey indicated that poverty in Fairfax County, Virginia
had risen to 4.9%.[5] Judged by household median income, Fairfax County is among the highest-income counties in the country, and was first on that list for many years[specify]. However, in the 2000 census it was overtaken by Douglas County, Colorado. According to U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
estimates for 2005, it had the second-highest median household income behind neighboring Loudoun County, at $94,610. In 2007, Fairfax County reclaimed its position as the richest county in America, in addition to becoming the first county in American history to have a median household income in excess of $100,000, though not the first jurisdiction.[37] In 2008, Loudoun County reclaimed the first position, with Fairfax County a statistically insignificant second.[38][39] In 2012, the median household income in Fairfax County was $108,439.[40] Fairfax County males have the highest life expectancy in the nation at 81.1 years, while females had the eighth-highest at 83.8 years.[41] Education[edit]

Children play frisbee baseball at one of Fairfax County's elementary schools.

The county is served by the Fairfax County Public Schools
Fairfax County Public Schools
system, to which the county government allocates 52.2% of its fiscal budget.[42] Including state and federal government contributions, along with citizen and corporate contributions, this brings the 2008 fiscal budget for the school system to $2.2 billion.[43] The school system has estimated that, based on the 2008 fiscal year budget, the county will be spending $13,407 on each student.[44] The Fairfax County Public School system contains the Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, a Virginia
Governor's School. TJHSST consistently ranks at or near the top of all United States
United States
high schools due to the extraordinary number of National Merit Semi-Finalists and Finalists, the high average SAT scores of its students, and the number of students who annually perform nationally recognized research in the sciences and engineering. However, as a Governor's School, TJHSST draws students not only from Fairfax County, but also Arlington, Loudoun, Fauquier, and Prince William counties, as well as the City of Falls Church. Fairfax County is also home to many Catholic elementary and middle schools. The schools fall under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Arlington. The Oakcrest School is a Catholic school in Fairfax County, which is not run by the Diocese. Paul VI Catholic High School
Paul VI Catholic High School
is the Diocese run Catholic High School for Fairfax County. George Mason
George Mason
University is located just outside the city of Fairfax, near the geographic center of Fairfax County. Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) serves Fairfax County with campuses in Annandale and Springfield a center in Reston which is a satellite branch of the Loudoun campus. The NVCC Alexandria campus borders Fairfax County. The University of Fairfax
University of Fairfax
is also headquartered in Vienna, Virginia. Virginia
Commonwealth University's School of Medicine recently constructed a medical campus wing at Inova Fairfax Hospital in order to allow third and fourth year medical students to study at other state-of-the-art facilities in the Northern Virginia region.[45] Economy[edit]

Fairfax County is, along with Washington, a "core" employment jurisdiction of the Washington Metropolitan Area
Washington Metropolitan Area
as indicated by this map. A U.S. Department of Labor study published in 2007 described Fairfax County as the second "economic pillar" of the Washington-area economy, along with the District of Columbia. The county has been described in Time as "one of the great economic success stories of our time."[46]

Fairfax County's economy revolves around professional services and technology. Many residents work for the government or for contractors of the federal government. The government is the largest employer, with Fort Belvoir
Fort Belvoir
in southern Fairfax being the county's single largest location of federal employment. Fairfax County has a gross county product of about $95 billion.[citation needed] Fairfax County also is home to major employers such as Volkswagen Group of America, Hilton Worldwide,[47] CSC (formerly Computer Sciences Corporation), Northrop Grumman, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Leidos, Booz Allen Hamilton, SRA International, Gannett, Capital One, General Dynamics, ICF International, Freddie Mac, Sallie Mae, ManTech International, Mars, NII and NVR. The county is home to seven Fortune 500
Fortune 500
company headquarters,[48] 11 Hispanic 500 companies,[49] and five companies on the Black Enterprise 500 list. Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
announced in 2010 that it would move its corporate headquarters from Los Angeles to Fairfax County. The county's economy is supported by the Fairfax County Economic Development Authority, which provides services and information to promote Fairfax County as a leading business and technology center. The FCEDA is the nation's largest non-state economic development authority. Fairfax County is also home to the Northern Virginia Technology Council, a trade association for local technology companies. It is the nation's largest technology council, with technology industry figures such as Bill Gates
Bill Gates
and Meg Whitman speaking at various local banquets.[50][51] Fairfax County has a higher concentration of high-tech workers than the Silicon Valley.[52] Tysons Corner[edit] The Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
CDP of Fairfax County is Virginia's largest office market and the nation's largest suburban business district with 26,600,000 square feet (2,470,000 m2) of office space.[53][54] It is the country's 12th-largest business district, and is expected to grow substantially in the coming decades. It contains a quarter of the county's total office space inventory, which was 105,200,000 square feet (9,770,000 m2) at year-end 2006, which is about the size of Lower Manhattan.[55] The area is noted by Forbes
as "often described as the place where the Internet
was invented, but today it looks increasingly like the center of the global military-industrial complex"[56] due to being home to the nation's first ISPs (many of whom are now defunct), while attracting numerous defense contractors who have relocated from other states to or near Tysons Corner. Every weekday, Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
draws over 100,000 workers from around the region. It also draws 55,000 shoppers every weekday as it is home to neighboring super-regional malls Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center
and Tysons Galleria. In comparison, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
draws 15 million visitors annually, or the equivalent of 62,500 per weekday. After years of stalling and controversy, the $5.2 billion expansion of the Washington Metro
Washington Metro
Silver Line in Virginia
from Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
to Dulles International Airport received funding approval from the Federal Transit Administration
Federal Transit Administration
in December 2008.[57] The Silver Line added four stations in Tysons Corner, including a station between Tysons Corner Center
Tysons Corner Center
and Tysons Galleria. Along with the expansion of Washington Metro, Fairfax County government has a plan to "urbanize" the Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
area. The plan calls for a private-public partnership and a grid-like street system to make Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
a more urban environment, tripling available housing to allow more workers to live near their work. The goal is to have 95% of Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
within 1⁄2-mile (800 m) from a metro station.[58] Employment[edit] Fairfax County's average weekly wage during the first quarter of 2005 was $1,181, which is 52% more than the national average.[59] By comparison, the average weekly wage was $1,286 for Arlington – the Washington metropolitan area's highest – $1,277 for Washington, D.C., and $775 for the United States
United States
as a whole.[59] The types of jobs available in the area make it very attractive to highly educated workers. The relatively high wages may be partially due to the area's high cost of living.[59] In early 2005, Fairfax County had 553,107 total jobs, up from 372,792 in 1990. In the area, this is second to Washington's 658,505 jobs in 2005 (down from 668,532 in 1990).[59] As of the 2002 Economic Census, Fairfax County has the largest professional, scientific, and technical service sector in the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
area – in terms of the number of business establishments; total sales, shipments, and receipts; payrolls; and number of employees – exceeding the next largest, Washington, D.C., by roughly a quarter overall, and double that of neighboring Montgomery County.[60] Top employers[edit] According to the County's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[61] the county's largest employers are:

# Employer # of Employees

1 Fairfax County Public Schools 24,581

2 United States
United States
government 23,664

3 Fairfax County government 12,335

4 Inova Health System 7,000–10,000

5 George Mason
George Mason
University 5,000–10,000

6 Booz Allen Hamilton 4,000–6,999

7 Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation 4,000–6,999

8 General Dynamics 4,000–6,999

9 SAIC 1,000–3,999

10 Northrop Grumman 1,000–3,999

Arts and culture[edit] Annual festivals include the "Celebrate Fairfax!" festival held in June at the Fairfax County Government Center
Fairfax County Government Center
in Fairfax City, the Northern Virginia
Fine Arts Festival[62] held in May at the Reston Town Center in Reston, and the International Children's Festival held in September at the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, which features a performing arts center outside the town of Vienna. Fairfax County supports a summer concert series held in multiple venues throughout the county on various nights. The concert series are called Arts in the Parks, Braddock Nights, Lee District Nights, Mt. Vernon Nights, Nottoway Nights, Spotlight by Starlight, Sounds of Summer and Starlight Cinema.[63] The EagleBank Arena
EagleBank Arena
(originally the Patriot Center), on the Fairfax campus of George Mason
George Mason
University just outside the City of Fairfax, hosts concerts and shows. The nearby Center for the Arts at George Mason is a major year-round arts venue, and the Workhouse Arts Center in Lorton, Virginia
includes studios for artists, event facilities for performing groups, and gallery exhibitions in addition to hosting the annual Clifton Film Festival[64]. Smaller local art venues include:

Alden Theater at the McLean Community Center ArtSpace Herndon Center Stage at the Reston Community Center Greater Reston Arts Center James Lee Community Center Theater Vienna Arts Society

Transportation[edit] Roads[edit] Several major highways run through Fairfax County, including the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495), Interstate 66, Interstate 95, and Interstate 395. The American Legion Bridge connects Fairfax to Montgomery County, Maryland. The George Washington
George Washington
Memorial Parkway, Dulles Toll Road, and Fairfax County Parkway
Fairfax County Parkway
are also major arteries. Other notable roads include Braddock Road, Old Keene Mill Road, Little River Turnpike, State Routes 7, 28, and 123, and US Routes 1, 29, and 50. The county is in the Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
metro area, the nation's third most congested area.[65][66][67]

Northern Virginia, including Fairfax County, is the third worst congested traffic area in the nation, in terms of percentage of congested roadways and time spent in traffic. Of the lane miles in the region, 44 percent are rated "F" or worst for congestion. Northern Virginia
residents spend an average of 46 hours a year stuck in traffic.

Major highways[edit]

I-395 South in Northern Virginia

Interstate 66 Interstate 95 Interstate 395 Interstate 495 (Capital Beltway) U.S. Route 1 U.S. Route 29 U.S. Route 50 State Route 7 State Route 28

State Route 123 State Route 193 State Route 236 State Route 237 State Route 243 State Route 267 (Dulles Toll Road) State Route 286 and State Route 289 (Fairfax and Franconia-Springfield Parkways) George Washington
George Washington
Memorial Parkway

Air[edit] Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport
lies partly within Fairfax County and provides most air service to the county. Fairfax is also served by two other airports in the Washington area, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. Manassas Regional Airport, in neighboring Prince William County, is also used for regional cargo and private jet service. Public transportation[edit] Fairfax County has multiple public transportation services, including the Washington Metro's Orange, Blue, Yellow, and Silver lines. The Silver line, which runs through the Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
and Reston areas of the county, opened in 2014 as the first new Washington Metro
Washington Metro
line since the Green Line opened in 1991.[68] In addition, the VRE ( Virginia
Railway Express) provides commuter rail service to Union Station in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
with stations in Fairfax County. The VRE's Fairfax County stations are Lorton and Franconia/Springfield on the Fredericksburg line, and Burke Centre, Rolling Road, and Backlick Road on the Manassas line.[69] Fairfax County contracts its bus service called the Fairfax Connector to Transdev. The county also is served by WMATA's Metrobus service. Parks and recreation[edit] The county has many protected areas, a total of over 390 county parks on more than 23,000 acres (93 km2).[70] The Fairfax County Park Authority maintains parks and recreation centers through the county. There are also two national protected areas that are inside the county at least in part, including the Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge, the George Washington
George Washington
Memorial Parkway, and Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. The Mason Neck State Park
Mason Neck State Park
is also in Lorton. Fairfax County is member of the Northern Virginia
Regional Park Authority. The Reston Zoo is in Reston, Virginia.[71] The National Zoo is located nearby in Washington, D.C. Trails[edit] The county maintains many miles of bike trails running through parks, adjacent to roads and through towns such as Vienna and Herndon. The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail runs through Fairfax County, offering one of the region's best, and safest, routes for recreational walking and biking. In addition, nine miles (14 km) of the Mount Vernon Trail
Mount Vernon Trail
runs through Fairfax County along the Potomac River. However, compared to other regions of the Washington area, Fairfax County has a dearth of designated bike lanes for cyclists wishing to commute in the region. On May 16, 2008, Bike-to-Work Day, the Fairfax County Department of Transportation released the first countywide bicycle route map.[72] The Fairfax Cross County Trail runs from Great Falls National Park in the county's northern end to Occoquan Regional Park in the southern end. Consisting of mostly dirt paths and short asphalt sections, the trail is used mostly by recreational mountain bikers, hikers, and horse riders. Communities[edit]

Map of Fairfax County showing incorporated cities and CDPs.




Three incorporated towns, Clifton, Herndon, and Vienna, are located entirely within Fairfax County.[73] The independent cities of Falls Church and Fairfax were formed out of areas formerly under the jurisdiction of Fairfax County, but are politically separate, despite the status of the City of Fairfax as county seat. It has been proposed[74] to convert the entire county into a single independent city, primarily to gain more control over taxes and roads. The most recent such proposal was made June 30, 2009. Other communities within Fairfax County are unincorporated areas. Virginia
law dictates that no unincorporated area of a county may be incorporated as a separate town or city following the adoption of the urban county executive form of government.[75] Fairfax County adopted the urban county executive form of government in 1966.[24][25] As of the 2000 census the thirteen largest communities of Fairfax County are all unincorporated CDPs, the largest of which are Burke, Reston, and Annandale, each with a population exceeding 40,000. (The largest incorporated place in the county is the town of Herndon, its fourteenth-largest community.)[citation needed] Census-designated places[edit] The following localities within Fairfax County are identified by the U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
as (unincorporated) Census-Designated Places:[76]

Annandale Bailey's Crossroads Belle Haven Burke Burke Centre Centreville Chantilly Crosspointe Dranesville Dunn Loring Fair Lakes Fair Oaks Fairfax Station Floris Fort Belvoir Fort Hunt Franconia Franklin Farm George Mason Great Falls Greenbriar Groveton Hayfield Huntington Hybla Valley Idylwood Kings Park Kings Park West Kingstowne Lake Barcroft Laurel Hill Lincolnia Long Branch Lorton Mantua Mason Neck McLean McNair Merrifield Mount Vernon Newington Newington Forest North Springfield Oakton Pimmit Hills Ravensworth Reston Rose Hill Seven Corners South Run Springfield Tysons Corner Wakefield West Falls Church West Springfield Wolf Trap Woodburn Woodlawn

Many of these areas have addresses in Alexandria, Falls Church and Fairfax City. Other communities[edit]

Accotink Arcturus Barkers Crossroads Blevinstown Browns Mill Butts Corner Cobbs Corner Colchester

Colchester Hunt Comptons Corner Cooktown Crowells Corner Culmore Donovans Corner Doveville Farrs Corner

Five Forks Four Corners Hattontown Hollindale Jermantown Langley Lees Corner Lewinsville

Lewis Park Makleys Corner Matildaville New Alexandria Oak Hill Odricks Corner Pohick Schneider Crossroads

Shady Oak Strathmeade Springs Sunset Hills Uniontown Virginia
Hills Westhampton

Notable people[edit]

This section may contain indiscriminate, excessive, or irrelevant examples. Please improve the article by adding more descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. See's guide to writing better articles for further suggestions. (August 2015)

See also: Notable people from McLean, Virginia

Historic figures

George Mason
George Mason
– Of Gunston Hall, "Father of the Bill of Rights"[77] George Washington
George Washington
– Proprietor of Mount Vernon Plantation
Mount Vernon Plantation
in Fairfax County, first Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, and first President of the United States[78] Richard Bland Lee I
Richard Bland Lee I
– Of Sully Plantation, Representative to the United States
United States
House of Representatives from 1789 to 1795 Fitzhugh Lee
Fitzhugh Lee
– Of Clermont (Alexandria, Virginia), Governor of Virginia
from 1886 to 1890[79]


Sharon Bulova
Sharon Bulova
– Current chairman of the board of supervisors Gerry Connolly
Gerry Connolly
– U.S. Congressman (VA-11) and former Chairman of the Fairfax County board of supervisors Tom Davis – former U.S. Congressman (VA-11) Katherine Hanley
Katherine Hanley
Secretary of the Commonwealth and former County Board Chair John Warner
John Warner
– former U.S. Senator (R) Jim Webb
Jim Webb
– former U.S. Senator (D) Nguyễn Cao Kỳ – South Vietnamese Prime Minister, Vice President, and Air-Force General. Initially lived in Fairfax County in the late 1970s after the fall of Saigon. Barbara Comstock
Barbara Comstock
– U.S. Congresswoman (VA-10) and former Virginia Delegate (R-34) Hung Quoc Nguyen - Vietnam-born American politician and community activist


Catherine Coleman
Catherine Coleman
– Astronaut[80] Sean Parker
Sean Parker
– co-founder of Napster, Plaxo, and Causes Urban Search and Rescue Virginia
Task Force 1 – a response team that has been deployed to recent disasters in Haiti and Japan

Sports figures

Bruce Arena
Bruce Arena
– Head Coach of the United States
United States
men's national soccer team Eric Barton – former NFL
linebacker Brian Carroll
Brian Carroll
for the Philadelphia Union Hubert Davis
Hubert Davis
– Retired basketball player Mia Hamm
Mia Hamm
– U.S. Olympic and professional soccer player Allen Johnson
Allen Johnson
- 110m hurdles U.S. Olympic gold medalist Andy Heck – former NFL
football player Grant Hill – Former NBA player Bhawoh Jue – Defensive back for the Green Bay Packers Brian Kendrick
Brian Kendrick
– Professional wrestler Javier López – Pitcher for the San Francisco Giants Keith Allen Lyle – Retired safety for the Los Angeles / St Louis Rams Michael McCrary – Former NFL
Defensive End

Ed Moses – U.S. Olympic swimmer[81] Scott Norwood – Retired kicker for the Buffalo Bills Alex Riley – Professional wrestler currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment Eddie Royal
Eddie Royal
Wide Receiver
Wide Receiver
for the Chicago Bears Evan Royster
Evan Royster
– free agent NFL
running back Mike Glennon Quarterback
for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers Joe Saunders
Joe Saunders
– Starting pitcher for the Seattle Mariners Justin Spring- U.S. Olympic gymnast Tommy Steenberg
Tommy Steenberg
– U.S. Figure Skater Chris Warren – former NFL
running back Alan Webb – U.S. Olympic track runner and American record holder in the Mile run Michael Weiss – Figure skater Kate Ziegler – U.S. Olympic Swimmer


Kevin Michael "Toby" McKeehan – Grammy Award
Grammy Award
winning artist, producer, and songwriter Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
– Oscar-winning actress who lived in Fairfax County in the mid-1970s and attended J.E.B. Stuart High School
J.E.B. Stuart High School
for two years Yoochun "Micky" Park – Singer in the Korean groups TVXQ
and JYJ Chung Jae Young – K-pop
R&B/Soul artist[82] Lauren Graham
Lauren Graham
– Actress on Gilmore Girls[83] Dave Grohl
Dave Grohl
– Drummer for Nirvana and front man for The Foo Fighters Dismemberment Plan
Dismemberment Plan
– former band led by Travis Morrison John Jackson – Blues guitarist, master of the Piedmont style Jason Sudeikis
Jason Sudeikis
– Writer and actor ( Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
writer 2003–2005) Jimmy Workman – Actor in The Addams Family (1991) and Addams Family Values (1993). Christina Hendricks
Christina Hendricks
– Actress in Mad Men
Mad Men
and Firefly, attended Fairfax High School. Prince Poppycock
Prince Poppycock
– Season Five fourth place finalist of America's Got Talent from Great Falls. Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên
Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên
– Grew up in Fairfax County after the fall of Saigon. Co-host of Thuy Nga's Paris By Night. Amy Ziff – Musician in BETTY.[84] Elizabeth Ziff – Musician in BETTY.[85]


Jayson Blair – former New York Times
New York Times
reporter who fabricated stories John Davidson – Union Army general Robert Hanssen
Robert Hanssen
– American spy who sold secrets to the USSR
and Russia. Christopher McCandless
Christopher McCandless
– American wanderer who went to Alaska
to try to "find himself" and died in the process. The novel Into the Wild is based on his journey. Seung-hui Cho
Seung-hui Cho
– Shooter who perpetrated the Virginia
Tech massacre Steve Scully
Steve Scully
– Host, political editor, and senior producer of C-SPAN's Washington Journal, resides in Fairfax Station with his family. Lorenzo Odone – Adrenoleukodystrophy
(ALD) patient who inspired the film, Lorenzo's Oil

Sister cities[edit]

Songpa-gu, South Korea
South Korea
(2009)[86] Harbin, China
(2009)[86][87] Keçiören, Turkey

See also[edit]


Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce Fairfax County Economic Development Authority Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Department Fairfax County Police Department Fairfax County Sheriff's Office List of companies headquartered in Northern Virginia List of federal agencies in Northern Virginia National Register of Historic Places listings in Fairfax County, Virginia


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United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2014.  ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia
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United States
Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.  ^ [3] United Way of the National Capital Area – Fairfax/Falls Church Retrieved September 26, 2010 ^ "Loudon County Newsletter" (PDF). Loudon County Department of Economic Development. February 2002. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2010.  ^ "Mansions for Sale in Virginia". The Luxury Brokers. Retrieved April 26, 2010.  ^ Fairfax County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau Archived July 10, 2011, at WebCite. Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved on August 16, 2013. ^ "WTOP: Washington, DC's Top News, Traffic, and Weather". WTOP. November 18, 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2016.  ^ "Fairfax County Budget – FY 2007" (PDF). Fairfax County. February 27, 2006. Retrieved August 2, 2008.  ^ "Office of Budget Services". Fairfax County Public Schools. Archived from the original on May 10, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ " Fairfax County Public Schools
Fairfax County Public Schools
- Moved". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2016.  ^ " VCU School of Medicine
VCU School of Medicine
– Inova Campus". Virginia
Commonwealth University. Retrieved April 30, 2009.  ^ Reuters Editorial (November 30, 2007). "Fairfax County high school ranked the best in the nation; two other county schools..." Reuters. Retrieved March 16, 2016.  ^ Frederick, Missy (February 4, 2009). "Hilton Hotels picks Fairfax County for new HQ Read more: Hilton Hotels picks Fairfax County for new HQ – Los Angeles Business from bizjournals:". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ "Fortune 500: Our Annual Ranking of America's Largest Corporations". CNN Money. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ Echols, Tucker (July 21, 2009). "Hispanic businesses boosting Fairfax County". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ "Microsoft's Bill Gates
Bill Gates
Selects March 13 NVTC Titans Breakfast as Forum for Providing..." Reuters (via PR Newswire). March 11, 2008. Retrieved April 25, 2010.  ^ "Meg Whitman, Former CEO and President of eBay Addresses Crowd of Approximately 800 at NVTC's TechCelebration Annual Banquet". Northern Virginia
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Tysons Corner
Business Area". Fairfax County Economic Development Authority. Retrieved April 20, 2010.  ^ "The CoStar Office Market Watch". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 12, 2009.  ^ "Why Virginia's Become Mecca For Military Contractors". Forbes. October 10, 2011. Retrieved March 16, 2016.  ^ "Silver Line To Dulles Wins Crucial Federal Okay". Retrieved March 16, 2016.  ^ Lisa Selin Davis (June 11, 2009). "A (Radical) Way to Fix Suburban Sprawl". Time Magazine.  ^ a b c d Perrins, Gerald; Nilsen, Diane (December 2006). "Industry Dynamics in the Washington, D.C.
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fairfax County, Virginia.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fairfax County.

Official Fairfax County sites

Fairfax County Government website Fairfax County Public Schools Fairfax County Public Library
Fairfax County Public Library
System Property lookup database from the Fairfax County Department of Tax Administration

Other websites

Geographic data related to Fairfax County, Virginia
at OpenStreetMap Festival information for Celebrate Fairfax! Fairfax County Economic Development Authority Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce Tourism information from the Fairfax County Convention and Visitors Corporation County of Fairfax at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived June 1, 2002) County of Fairfax at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived January 5, 1997)

Places adjacent to Fairfax County, Virginia

Loudoun County Montgomery County, Maryland

Fairfax County

City of Falls Church; Arlington County; and City of Alexandria

Prince William County Charles County, Maryland Prince George's County, Maryland

v t e

Fairfax County, Virginia

Northern Virginia Washington metropolitan area Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area


Fairfax County Public Schools Fairfax County Board of Supervisors Fairfax County Park Authority Fairfax County Economic Development Authority Fairfax County Public Library Fairfax County Fire and Rescue Department Fairfax County Police Department Fairfax County Sheriff's Office


Fairfax Symphony Orchestra Northern Virginia
Chamber of Commerce


Fairfax County Government Center Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Inova Fairfax Hospital Mount Vernon Gunston Hall Tysons Corner
Tysons Corner
Center Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park Great Falls Park Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Washington and Old Dominion Railway Fort Belvoir



Manassas Regional Airport Washington Dulles International Airport


Fairfax County Parkway Springfield Interchange Virginia
State Route 123 Dulles Toll Road
Dulles Toll Road
(VA 267)


Fairfax Connector Silver Line Virginia
Railway Express

Manassas Line Fredericksburg Line



Battle of Chantilly First Battle of Bull Run Second Battle of Bull Run


Celebrate Fairfax!


George Mason
George Mason
University University of Fairfax Northern Virginia
Community College

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States

County seat: Fairfax


Clifton Herndon Vienna


Annandale Bailey's Crossroads Belle Haven Burke Burke Centre Centreville Chantilly Crosspointe Dranesville Dunn Loring Fair Lakes Fair Oaks Fairfax Station Floris Fort Belvoir Fort Hunt Franconia Franklin Farm George Mason Great Falls Greenbriar Groveton Hayfield Huntington Hybla Valley Idylwood Kings Park Kings Park West Kingstowne Lake Barcroft Laurel Hill Lincolnia Long Branch Lorton Mantua Mason Neck McLean McNair Merrifield Mount Vernon Newington Newington Forest North Springfield Oakton Pimmit Hills Ravensworth Reston Rose Hill Seven Corners South Run Springfield Tysons Wakefield West Falls Church West Springfield Wolf Trap Woodburn Woodlawn

Unincorporated communities

Accotink Arcturus Barkers Crossroads Blevinstown Browns Mill Butts Corner Cobbs Corner Colchester Colchester Hunt Comptons Corner Cooktown Crowells Corner Culmore Donovans Corner Doveville Farrs Corner Five Forks Four Corners Hattontown Hollindale Jermantown Langley Lees Corner Lewinsville Lewis Park Makleys Corner New Alexandria Oak Hill Odricks Corner Pohick Rainbow Rutherford Schneider Crossroads Shady Oak Sleepy Hollow South Alexandria Strathmeade Springs Uniontown Westhampton West McLean

Ghost towns

Matildaville South Falls Church

v t e

 Commonwealth of Virginia

Richmond (capital)


Administrative divisions Climate Colleges and universities Colony Congressional districts Delegations

Senators Representatives

Environment Furniture Government History Historic Landmarks Law Homes Music People Rights Rivers Scouting Slogan Sports teams State Fair State parks Symbols Tourist attractions Transportation Tribes

Seal of Virginia


Crime Demographics Economy Education

Newspapers Radio TV



Allegheny Mountains Atlantic Coastal Plain Blue Ridge Chesapeake Bay Cumberland Mountains Delmarva Peninsula Eastern Shore Hampton Roads Middle Peninsula Northern Neck Northern Virginia Piedmont Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians Shenandoah Valley South Hampton Roads Southside Southwest Virginia Tennessee Valley Tidewater Tri-Cities Virginia

Metro areas

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford Bluefield Bristol Charlottesville Danville Harrisonburg Lynchburg Martinsville Richmond Roanoke Staunton-Waynesboro Norfolk- Virginia
Beach Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Winchester


Accomack Albemarle Alleghany Amelia Amherst Appomattox Arlington Augusta Bath Bedford Bland Botetourt Brunswick Buchanan Buckingham Campbell Caroline Carroll Charles City Charlotte Chesterfield Clarke Craig Culpeper Cumberland Dickenson Dinwiddie Essex Fairfax Fauquier Floyd Fluvanna Franklin Frederick Giles Gloucester Goochland Grayson Greene Greensville Halifax Hanover Henrico Henry Highland Isle of Wight James City King and Queen King George King William Lancaster Lee Loudoun Louisa Lunenburg Madison Mathews Mecklenburg Middlesex Montgomery Nelson New Kent Northampton Northumberland Nottoway Orange Page Patrick Pittsylvania Powhatan Prince Edward Prince George Prince William Pulaski Rappahannock Richmond Roanoke Rockbridge Rockingham Russell Scott Shenandoah Smyth Southampton Spotsylvania Stafford Surry Sussex Tazewell Warren Washington Westmoreland Wise Wythe York

Independent cities

Alexandria Bristol Buena Vista Charlottesville Chesapeake Colonial Heights Covington Danville Emporia Fairfax Falls Church Franklin Fredericksburg Galax Hampton Harrisonburg Hopewell Lexington Lynchburg Manassas Manassas Park Martinsville Newport News Norfolk Norton Petersburg Poquoson Portsmouth Radford Richmond Roanoke Salem Staunton Suffolk Virginia
Beach Waynesboro Williamsburg Winchester

v t e

Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV metropolitan area

Principal cities


Silver Spring Frederick Rockville Bethesda Gaithersburg


Arlington County Alexandria Reston

District of Columbia


Counties and county equivalents*


Calvert Charles Frederick Montgomery Prince George's



Alexandria city

Clarke Culpeper Fairfax

Fairfax city Falls Church city

Fauquier Loudoun Prince William

Manassas city Manassas Park city

Rappahannock Spotsylvania

Fredericksburg city

Stafford Warren


District of Columbia Jefferson County, West Virginia

The District of Columbia
District of Columbia
itself, and Virginia's incorporated cities, are county equivalents. Virginia's incorporated cities are listed under their surrounding county. The incorporated cities bordering more than one county (Alexandria, Falls Church and Fredericksburg) are listed under the county they were part of before incorporation as a city.

Coordinates: 38°50′N 77°17′W / 38.83°N 77.28°W