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Entomophthoromycota
Entomophthoromycota
is a fungus division. In 2007, it was placed at the taxonomic rank of subphylum in the most recent revision of the entire fungus kingdom.[1] In 2012, it was raised to the rank of phylum as "Entomophthoromycota" in a scientific paper by Richard A. Humber 2012.[2] Divided into three classes and six families (Ancylistaceae, Basidiobolaceae, Completoriaceae, Entomophthoraceae, Meristacraceae, and Neozygitaceae), it contains over 250 species that are mostly arthropod pathogens or soil- and litter-borne saprobes.[3] Taxonomy[edit] Circumscribed by mycologist Richard Humber in 2012, it contains species formerly classified in the division Zygomycota. Humber's reorganization divides the division into three classes while retaining the previously defined family structure:[2] Division Entomophthoromycota
Entomophthoromycota
Humber 2012 [ Entomophthoromycotina
Entomophthoromycotina
Humber 2007]

Class Basidiobolomycetes Humber 2012 [Bolomycetes Cavalier-Smith 1998; Bolomycetidae Cavalier-Smith 2012; Basidiobolomycota Doweld 2001]

Order Basidiobolales
Basidiobolales
Jacz. & P.A. Jacz. 1931 ex. Caval.-Sm.

Family Basidiobolaceae Engler & Gilg 1924

Schizangiella Dwyer et al. 2006 Basidiobolus
Basidiobolus
Eidam 1886 [Amphoromorpha Thaxter 1914]

Class Neozygitomycetes
Neozygitomycetes
Humber 2012

Order Neozygitales Humber 2012

Family Neozygitaceae Ben Ze’ev, Kenneth & Uziel 1987

Apterivorax Keller 2005 Neozygites Witlaczil 1885 [Thaxterosporium Ben Ze'ev & Kenneth 1987]

Class Entomophthoromycetes
Entomophthoromycetes
Humber 2012 [Entomomycetidae Cavalier-Smith 1998 em. 2012]

Order Entomophthorales
Entomophthorales
Winter 1880 [Ancylistales Schröter]

Family Ancylistaceae Schröter 1893

Ancylistes Pfitzer 1872 Conidiobolus Brefeld 1884 emend. Humber 1989 [Conidiobolus (Capillidium) Ben-Ze’ev & Kenneth 1982; Conidiobolus (Conidiobolus) (Brefeld) Ben-Ze’ev & Kenneth 1982; Conidiobolus (Delacroixia) (Sacc. & Syd.) Tyrrell & MacLeod 1972] Macrobiotophthora Reukauf 1912 emend. Tucker 1981

Family Completoriaceae Humber 1989

Completoria Lohde 1874

Family Entomophthoraceae Nowakowski 1877 [Empusaceaae]

Subfamily Erynioideae Keller 2005 [Massosporoideae Keller 2005]

Erynia (Nowakowski ex Batko 1966) Remaud. & Hennebert 1980.emend. Humber 1989 [ Zoophthora (Erynia) Nowakowski ex Batko 1966] Eryniopsis Humber 1984 (in part) Furia (Batko 1966) Humber 2005 [ Zoophthora (Furia) Batko 1966; Erynia (Furia) (Batko 1966) Li & Humber 1984] Orthomyces Steinkraus, Humber & Oliver 1988 Pandora Humber 2005 [Erynia (Neopandora) Ben-Ze’ev & Kenneth 1982] Strongwellsea Batko & Weiser 1965 emend. Humber 1976 Zoophthora Batko 1964 emend. Ben-Ze’ev & Kenneth 2005

Subfamily Entomophthoroideae Keller 2005

Batkoa Humber 2005 Entomophaga Batko 1964 emend. Humber 1989 Entomophthora
Entomophthora
Fresenius 1856 [Empusa (Triplosporium) Thaxter 1888; Triplosporium (Thaxter 1888) Batko 1964] Eryniopsis Humber 1984 (in part) Massospora Peck 1879 emend. Soper 1974

Family Meristacraceae Humber 1989

Meristacrum Drechsler 1940 emend. Tucker & Humber 1981 Tabanomyces Couch et al.

Genera that have an uncertain status or have been excluded from the Entomophthoromycota
Entomophthoromycota
include Ballocephala, Tarichium, and Zygnemomyces.[3] Synonyms from "Part 1- Virae, Prokarya, Protists, Fungi".[4] Description[edit] Species in the Entomophthoromycota
Entomophthoromycota
generally share several characteristics. Their vegetative cells are coenocytic; sporulation occurs by production of forcibly discharged dispersive or infective conidia; and their zygospores (which also function as resting spores) are homothallic.[3] References[edit]

^ Hibbett DS, Binder M, Bischoff JF, et al. (May 2007). "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycol. Res. 111 (Pt 5): 509–47. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334.  ^ a b Humber RA. (2012). "Entomophthoromycota: A new phylum and reclassification for entomophthoroid fungi". Mycotaxon. 120: 477–492. doi:10.5248/120.477.  ^ a b c Gryganskyi AP, Humber RA, Smith ME, Hodge K, Huang B, Voigt K, Vilgalys R (2013). "Phylogenetic lineages in Entomophthoromycota". Persoonia. 30: 94–105. doi:10.3767/003158513X666330. PMC 3734969 . PMID 24027349.  ^ "Part 1- Virae, Prokarya, Protists, Fungi". Collection of genus-group names in a systematic arrangement. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 

v t e

Opisthokont: True fungi classification, fungal orders

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta

Animal Fungi)

Dikarya

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

Pezizomycotina

Leotiomyceta

Dothideomyceta

Coniocybomycetes Lichinomycetes Arthoniomycetes Dothideomycetes Eurotiomycetes Lecanoromycetes

Sordariomyceta

Xylonomycetes Geoglossomycetes Leotiomycetes Laboulbeniomycetes Sordariomycetes

Other

Orbiliomycetes Pezizomycetes

Saccharomycotina

Saccharomycetes

Taphrinomycotina

Archaeorhizomycetes Neolectomycetes Pneumocystidomycetes Schizosaccharomycetes Taphrinomycetes

Basidiomycota (with basidia)

Pucciniomycotina

Tritirachiomycetes Mixiomycetes Agaricostilbomycetes Cystobasidiomycetes Microbotryomycetes Classiculomycetes Cryptomycocolacomycetes Atractiellomycetes Pucciniomycetes

Ustilaginomycotina

Monilielliomycetes Malasseziomycetes Ustilaginomycetes Exobasidiomycetes

Agaricomycotina

Hymenomycete

Dacrymycetales Agaricomycetes

Other

Wallemiomycetes Bartheletiomycetes Tremellomycetes

Entorrhizomycota

Entorrhizomycetes

Glomeromycota

Glomeromycetes

Zygomycota (paraphyletic)

Mucoromycotina

Mortierellomycetes Mucoromycetes

Kickxellomycotina

Zoopagomycetes Kickxellomycetes

Entomophthoromycotina

Neozygitomycetes Basidiobolomycetes Entomophthoromycetes

Zoosporic fungi (paraphyletic)

Olpidiomycota

Olpidiomycetes

Blastocladiomycota

Blastocladiomycetes

Chytridiomycota

Neocallimastigomycetes Hyaloraphidiomycetes Monoblepharidomycetes Chytridiomycetes

Fungal phyla are underlined. See also: fungi imperfecti (polyphyletic group).

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q13392618 Fungorum: 564375 MycoBank: 564375 NCBI: 1264859

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