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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
(French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃ɡɛ̃lebɛ̃]) is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) from the centre of Paris, in the département of Val-d'Oise. Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
is famous as a spa resort and a well-to-do suburb of Paris, developed in the nineteenth century around the scenic lake of Enghien. A casino, the only one in the vicinity of Paris, is located on the shores of the lake.

The Hotel des Quatre Pavillons, circa 1825

The thermal baths

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Transport 4 Casino 5 Twin towns — sister cities 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Name[edit] The suffix les Bains (literally "the Baths") was added to the name when the commune was incorporated in 1850, to distinguish this place from the Belgian city of Enghien, near Mons, and to acknowledge the thermal baths for which Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
is famous. The name Enghien
Enghien
itself does refer to the Belgian city, which was a fief of the princes of Condé, a cadet branch of the French royal family, who inherited the duchy of Montmorency in 1633. In 1689 they were allowed by King Louis XIV
Louis XIV
to rename the duchy of Montmorency to be the "duchy of Enghien", in order to revive the title, duc d'Enghien, which they had lost in 1569 at the death of Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé, who had not legally registered the title. The village of Montmorency (now a city) continued to be known as "Montmorency", despite the official name change, but the name "Enghien" clung to the nearby lake and marshland that would later become the commune of Enghien-les-Bains. History[edit] Before the French Revolution, what is now Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
was a lake and a marshland under the jurisdiction of Montmorency. In 1766, a priest at the oratory of Montmorency discovered a warm sulphur spring near the lake of Enghien, and the area began to develop as a spa resort. At the creation of the communes in 1790, during the French Revolution, the area of Enghien
Enghien
was withdrawn from the jurisdiction of Montmorency and divided between several communes. In the nineteenth century, the development of Enghien
Enghien
led to its incorporation as a commune. The commune, which was named Enghien-les-Bains, was created on 7 August 1850 by detaching a part of the territory of Deuil-la-Barre
Deuil-la-Barre
and merging it with a part of the territory of Saint-Gratien, a part of the territory of Soisy-sous-Montmorency, and a part of the territory of Épinay-sur-Seine. Transport[edit] Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris–Nord suburban rail line: La Barre–Ormesson and Enghien-les-Bains. Casino[edit] Known as the biggest place to gamble near Paris, Enghien
Enghien
les Bains casino, which opened in 1901 was recently renovated to provide luxury and comfort to all tourists traveling to the capital of France. The resort has two hotels and offers to the guests the opportunity to dine in one of its many restaurants. You will also find bars and a theater where concerts and shows are organized. On the first floor of the casino, you will find nearly 40 table games featuring Blackjack, Punto Banco in addition to French and English Roulette. Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
is twinned with:

Enghien, Belgium
Belgium
(1957) Bad Dürrheim, Germany
Germany
(1992)

Notable people[edit]

Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet, member of the Free French
Free French
resistance and founder of the Publicis
Publicis
advertising empire (1906-1996). Johanna Joseph, basketball player. Mistinguett, actress and singer (1875–1956). Alphonse Laurencic, Republican activist and trade unionist in Spain. Aurelien Collin, Football player for Sporting Kansas City
Sporting Kansas City
of Major League Soccer. Philippe Méaille, Contemporary Art Collector (1973).

See also[edit]

Communes of the Val-d'Oise
Val-d'Oise
department

References[edit]

INSEE Association of Mayors of the Val d’Oise (in French)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Enghien-les-Bains.

(in French) Enghien-les-Bains
Enghien-les-Bains
city council website (in French) Photo gallery of Enghien
Enghien
and its lake on photoenligne

v t e

Communes in the Metropolitan Area of Paris

Population over 2 million

City of Paris

Population over 100,000

Argenteuil Boulogne-Billancourt Montreuil Saint-Denis

Population over 75,000

Asnières-sur-Seine Aubervilliers Aulnay-sous-Bois Champigny-sur-Marne Colombes Courbevoie Créteil Nanterre Rueil-Malmaison Versailles Vitry-sur-Seine

Population over 50,000

Antony Le Blanc-Mesnil Bondy Cergy Chelles Clamart Clichy Drancy Épinay-sur-Seine Évry Fontenay-sous-Bois Issy-les-Moulineaux Ivry-sur-Seine Levallois-Perret Maisons-Alfort Meaux Neuilly-sur-Seine Noisy-le-Grand Pantin Saint-Maur-des-Fossés Sarcelles Sartrouville Sevran Villejuif

Population over 25,000

Alfortville Athis-Mons Bagneux Bagnolet Bezons Bobigny Bois-Colombes Brunoy Bussy-Saint-Georges Cachan Charenton-le-Pont Châtenay-Malabry Châtillon Chatou Le Chesnay Choisy-le-Roi Clichy-sous-Bois Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Corbeil-Essonnes La Courneuve Draveil Élancourt Ermont Franconville Fresnes Gagny La Garenne-Colombes Garges-lès-Gonesse Gennevilliers Gonesse Goussainville Grigny Guyancourt L'Haÿ-les-Roses Herblay Houilles Le Kremlin-Bicêtre Livry-Gargan Malakoff Mantes-la-Jolie Massy Melun Meudon Montfermeil Montigny-le-Bretonneux Montrouge Les Mureaux Neuilly-sur-Marne Nogent-sur-Marne Noisy-le-Sec Palaiseau Le Perreux-sur-Marne Pierrefitte-sur-Seine Plaisir Le Plessis-Robinson Poissy Pontault-Combault Pontoise Puteaux Rambouillet Ris-Orangis Romainville Rosny-sous-Bois Saint-Cloud Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Ouen Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Sannois Savigny-sur-Orge Savigny-le-Temple Stains Sucy-en-Brie Suresnes Taverny Thiais Trappes Tremblay-en-France Vanves Vigneux-sur-Seine Villemomble Villeneuve-la-Garenne Villeneuve-Saint-Georges Villeparisis Villepinte Villiers-le-Bel Villiers-sur-Marne Vincennes Viry-Châtillon Yerres

Population under 25,000

1,669 other communes

v t e

Communes of the Val-d'Oise
Val-d'Oise
department

Ableiges Aincourt Ambleville Amenucourt Andilly Argenteuil Arnouville Arronville Arthies Asnières-sur-Oise Attainville Auvers-sur-Oise Avernes Baillet-en-France Banthelu Beauchamp Beaumont-sur-Oise Le Bellay-en-Vexin Bellefontaine Belloy-en-France Bernes-sur-Oise Berville Bessancourt Béthemont-la-Forêt Bezons Boisemont Boissy-l'Aillerie Bonneuil-en-France Bouffémont Bouqueval Bray-et-Lû Bréançon Brignancourt Bruyères-sur-Oise Buhy Butry-sur-Oise Cergy Champagne-sur-Oise La Chapelle-en-Vexin Charmont Chars Châtenay-en-France Chaumontel Chaussy Chauvry Chennevières-lès-Louvres Chérence Cléry-en-Vexin Commeny Condécourt Cormeilles-en-Parisis Cormeilles-en-Vexin Courcelles-sur-Viosne Courdimanche Deuil-la-Barre Domont Eaubonne Écouen Enghien-les-Bains Ennery Épiais-lès-Louvres Épiais-Rhus Épinay-Champlâtreux Éragny Ermont Ézanville Fontenay-en-Parisis Fosses Franconville Frémainville Frémécourt Frépillon La Frette-sur-Seine Frouville Gadancourt Garges-lès-Gonesse Genainville Génicourt Gonesse Goussainville Gouzangrez Grisy-les-Plâtres Groslay Guiry-en-Vexin Haravilliers Haute-Isle Le Heaulme Hédouville Herblay Hérouville Hodent L'Isle-Adam Jagny-sous-Bois Jouy-le-Moutier Labbeville Lassy Livilliers Longuesse Louvres Luzarches Maffliers Magny-en-Vexin Mareil-en-France Margency Marines Marly-la-Ville Maudétour-en-Vexin Menouville Menucourt Mériel Méry-sur-Oise Le Mesnil-Aubry Moisselles Montgeroult Montigny-lès-Cormeilles Montlignon Montmagny Montmorency Montreuil-sur-Epte Montsoult Mours Moussy Nerville-la-Forêt Nesles-la-Vallée Neuilly-en-Vexin Neuville-sur-Oise Nointel Noisy-sur-Oise Nucourt Omerville Osny Parmain Le Perchay Persan Pierrelaye Piscop Le Plessis-Bouchard Le Plessis-Gassot Le Plessis-Luzarches Pontoise Presles Puiseux-en-France Puiseux-Pontoise La Roche-Guyon Roissy-en-France Ronquerolles Sagy Saint-Brice-sous-Forêt Saint-Clair-sur-Epte Saint-Cyr-en-Arthies Saint-Gervais Saint-Gratien Saint-Leu-la-Forêt Saint-Martin-du-Tertre Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône Saint-Prix Saint-Witz Sannois Santeuil Sarcelles Seraincourt Seugy Soisy-sous-Montmorency Survilliers Taverny Théméricourt Theuville Le Thillay Us Vallangoujard Valmondois Vaudherland Vauréal Vémars Vétheuil Viarmes Vienne-en-Arthies Vigny Villaines-sous-Bois Villeron Villers-en-Arthies Villiers-Adam Villiers-le-Bel Villiers-le-Sec Wy-dit-Joli-Village

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156040263 LCCN: n82117002 GND: 4376515-4 SUDOC: 135466008 BNF:

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