The Info List - East Asia

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EAST ASIA is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural terms. Geographically and geopolitically, it includes China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Mongolia, Korea (North and South), Japan and Taiwan; it covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian continent .

The East Asian people comprise more than 1.5 billion people. About 38% of the population of Asia and 22%, or over one fifth, of all the people in the world live in East Asia. Although the coastal and riparian areas of the region form one of the world's most populated places, the population in Mongolia and Western China , both landlocked areas, is very sparsely distributed, with Mongolia having the lowest population density of a sovereign state . The overall population density of the region is 133 inhabitants per square kilometre (340/sq mi), about three times the world average of 45/km2 (120/sq mi).

Historically, societies in East Asia have been part of the Chinese cultural sphere , and East Asian vocabulary and scripts are often derived from Classical Chinese and Chinese script . Major religions include Buddhism (mostly Mahayana ), Confucianism or Neo-Confucianism , Taoism , Chinese folk religion in China and Taiwan , Shinto in Japan , Korean shamanism in Korea . Shamanism is also prevalent among Mongolians and other indigenous populations of northern East Asia such as Manchus, Ewenki,even large Han in this area. Islam is popular in Northwest China and Kazaks in Mongolia .The Chinese calendar is the root from which many other East Asian calendars are derived.


* 1 History

* 2 United Nations Statistics Division

* 2.1 Alternative definitions

* 3 Economy

* 4 Territory and region data

* 4.1 Demographics * 4.2 Major ethnic groups

* 5 Culture

* 5.1 Overview * 5.2 Religions * 5.3 Festivals

* 6 Collaboration

* 6.1 East Asian Youth Games * 6.2 Free trade agreements * 6.3 Military alliances

* 7 Major cities and towns * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links


Main article: History of East Asia

The Chinese Dynasties dominated this region culturally and militarily for a lengthy period of time. Cultural and religious exchange between the Chinese and other regional Dynasties and Kingdoms occurred.

As connections with the Western world strengthened, China's power began to diminish. Around the same time, Japan solidified itself as a nation state. During World War II, Korea , Taiwan , much of eastern China, Hong Kong , and Vietnam all fell under Japanese control. Following Japan's defeat in the war, the Korean peninsula became independent but then it was divided into two rival states , while Taiwan became the main territory of de facto state Republic of China after the latter lost mainland China to the People\'s Republic of China in the Chinese Civil War .


East Asia map of Köppen climate classification. UNSD geoscheme for Asia based on statistic convenience rather than implying any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories: North Asia Central Asia Western Asia South Asia EAST ASIA Southeast Asia

The UNSD definition of East Asia is based on statistical convenience, but also other common definitions of East Asia contain the entirety of China (including Mainland China , Hong Kong , Macau ) Mongolia , North Korea , South Korea , Japan and Taiwan .

Culturally, China , Japan , Korea , Taiwan and Vietnam are commonly seen as being encompassed by CULTURAL EAST ASIA ( East Asian cultural sphere ).


There are mixed debates around the world whether these countries or regions should be considered in East Asia or not.

* Vietnam (officially part of Southeast Asia geographically, although culturally it is a part of the East Asian cultural sphere , politically, it is related to both Southeast Asia and East Asia) * Siberia in Russia (often described as North Asia due to its location, although this part of Russia is often seen as more closely related to its East Asian neighbours) * Sovereignty issues exist over some territories in the South China Sea .

In business and economics, " East Asia" is sometimes used to refer to a wide geographical area covering ten Southeast Asian countries in ASEAN , People\'s Republic of China , Taiwan , Japan and South Korea . However, in this context, the term "Far East" is often more appropriate which covers ASEAN countries and the countries in East Asia. However, being a Eurocentric term, Far East describes the region's geographical position in relation to Europe rather than its location within Asia. Alternatively, the term " Asia Pacific Region " is often used in describing East Asia, Southeast Asia as well as Oceania .

Observers preferring a broader definition of " East Asia" often use the term Northeast Asia to refer to the greater China area, Taiwan, the Korean Peninsula, and Japan, with Southeast Asia covering the ten ASEAN countries. This usage, which is seen in economic and diplomatic discussions, is at odds with the historical meanings of both "East Asia" and "Northeast Asia". The Council on Foreign Relations defines Northeast Asia as Japan and Korea .


Main article: Economy of East Asia

The economy of East Asia is one of the most successful, developed and high-tech economies of the world, being home to some of the world's largest, most technologically advanced and most prosperous economies such as the industrialized developed countries of South Korea , Taiwan , and Japan . The military and economic superpower of China became the largest economy in the world in 2014 in terms of GDP at PPP , surpassing the United States of America . Major positive factors have ranged from favorable political-legal environments for industry and commerce, through abundant natural resources of various kinds, to plentiful supplies of relatively low-cost, skilled and adaptable labor.

In modern societies, a high level of structural differentiation, functional specialization, and autonomy of the economic system from government is a major contributor to industrial-commercial growth and prosperity. Currently in East Asia, trading systems are relatively open; and zero or low duties on imports of consumer and capital goods etc. have considerably helped stimulate cost-efficiency and change. Free and flexible labor and other markets are other important factors making for high levels of business-economic performance. East Asian populations have demonstrated highly positive work ethics. There are relatively large and fast-growing markets for consumer goods and services of all kinds.

STATE/TERRITORY GDP nominal billions of USD GDP nominal per capita USD GDP PPP billions of USD GDP PPP per capita USD

_ China 17,100.063 12,117 28,920.974 20,493

Hong Kong_ 405.781 53,813 525.547 69,695

_ Macau _ 55.502 91,376 80.765 142,599

Japan 4,746.880 38,174 5,512.220 44,329

Republic of China (Taiwan) 650.902 27,350 1,413.195 59,381

North Korea 25.000 1,000 40.000 1,800

South Korea 1,898.763 36,749 2,408.301 46,611

Mongolia 17.871 5,586 53.003 16,569




_ China People\'s Republic of China 中华人民共和国 9,640,011 1,373,000,000 138 0.727 Beijing

Hong Kong _ Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區 1,104 7,298,600 6,390 0.912 Hong Kong

_ Macau _ Macau Special Administrative Region 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區 30 642,900 18,662 0.892 Macau

Japan Japan 日本国 377,930 126,890,000 337 0.891 Tokyo

Taiwan Republic of China 中華民國 36,188 23,468,748 639 0.884 Taipei

Mongolia Mongolia Монгол Улс 1,564,100 3,041,648 2 0.698 Ulaanbaatar

North Korea Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 조선민주주의인민공화국 120,538 25,155,000 198 0.595 Pyongyang

South Korea Republic of Korea 대한민국 (大韓民國) 100,210 51,482,816 500 0.898 Seoul


See also: Ethnic groups of East Asia


Han-Chinese Mongoloid 汉人/漢人, 汉族/漢族 ca. 1,300,000,000 Mandarin , Cantonese , Shanghainese , Hokkien , Hakka , Gan , Hsiang Simplified Han characters , Traditional Han characters

Yamato /Japanese Mongoloid 日本族/にほんぞく 大和民族/やまとみんぞく 125,117,000 Japanese Han characters ( Kanji ), Katakana, Hiragana

Joseon /Korean Mongoloid 한민족/韓民族 조선족/朝鮮族 79,432,225 Korean Hangul, Han characters ( Hanja )

Mongols Mongoloid Монголчууд/ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ Монгол/ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ 8,942,528 Mongolian Mongol script , Cyrillic script

Zhuang Mongoloid 壮族/Bouxcuengh 18,000,000 Zhuang , Cantonese , Southwestern Mandarin , etc. Simplified Han characters, Latin script

Manchus Mongoloid 满族/ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ 10,422,873 Northeastern Mandarin , Manchurian (endangered), etc. Simplified Han characters, Mongol script

Hui Mongoloid 回族/回回 10,586,087 Northwestern Mandarin ,other Chinese Dialects,Huihui language etc. Simplified Han characters

Uyghurs Caucasoid +Mongoloid ئۇيغۇر 10,069,346 Uyghur Arabic script ,Latin script(auxiliary)

Hmong Mongoloid Ghaob Xongb/Hmub/Mongb 9,426,007 Hmong,Southwestern Mandarin Latin script, Simplified Han characters

Tibetans Mongoloid བོད་པ་ 6,500,000 Tibetan, Rgyal Rong, Rgu, etc. Tibetan script

Baipho/Bai Mongoloid 白族 1,858,063 Bai , Southwestern Mandarin Latin script, Simplified Han characters

LôLô/Yi Mongoloid ꆈꌠ/彝族 8,714,393 Various Loloish ,Southwestern Mandarin Yi script , Simplified Han characters

Tujia Mongoloid 土家族 8,353,912 Northern Tujia, Southern Tujia Simplified Han characters

Kam Mongoloid Gaeml 2,879,974 Gaeml Latin script

Tu Mongoloid 土族/Monguor 289,565 Tu , Northwestern Mandarin Simplified Han characters

Daur Mongoloid 达斡尔族/ᠳᠠᠭᠤᠷ 131,992 Daur , Northeastern Mandarin Mongol script, Simplified Han characters

Russians Caucasoid русские 15,393 Russian,Northwestern Mandarin Cyrillic script, Simplified Han characters

Mountain Tajiks Caucasoid تاجيک 3,556 Sarikoli , Wakhi Arabic script

Austronesian Mongoloid Pangcah, etc. 533,600 Austronesian languages (Amis , Yami ), etc Latin script, Traditional Han characters



Main article: East Asian cultural sphere


The culture of East Asia has been influenced by the civilisation of China. East Asia, as well as Vietnam, share a Confucian ethical philosophy, Buddhism, political and legal structures, and historically a common writing system. The relationship between China and East Asia has been compared to the historical influence of Greco-Roman civilisation on Europe.



Taoism 道教 Zhengyi, Quanzhen Tao Te Ching Polytheism 303,320,000 Han, Zhuang, Hmong, Yao, Qiang, Tujia, Li _

Confucianism 儒教 Cheng-Zhu, Lu-Wang Analects Polytheism 6,300,000 Han, Joseon, Yamato etc.

Sino-Buddhism 汉传佛教 Mahayana, Hinayana Diamond Sutra Non-God 250,000,000 Han, Joseon, Yamato, Manchus etc.

Tibetan Buddhism བོད་བརྒྱུད་ནང་བསྟན། Mahayana anuttarayoga Tantra Non-God 5,000,000 Tibetan, Manchus, Mongols, Han etc.

Shamanism N/A N/A N/A Primitive 50,000 Tibetan, Manchus, Mongols, Oroqen, Han etc.

Shinto 神道 N/A N/A Primitive 2,700,000 Yamato

Islam الإسلام Sunni,Shia Koran Henotheism 24,690,000 Hui, Tajik, Uyghurs, Kazak, Dongxiang etc.



Chinese New Year Spring Festival Chinese Month 1 Day 1 21 Jan–20 Feb Family Reunion, Ancestors Worship, Tomb Sweeping, Fireworks Worship the King of Gods Jiaozi Han, Joseon, Manchus etc.

New Year Yuan Dan Gregorian 1 Jan 1 Jan Fireworks N/A N/A N/A

Losar or Tsagaan Sar White Moon Tibetan (Mongolian ) Month 1 Day 1 25 Jan–2 Mar Family Reunion, Ancestors Worship, Tomb Sweeping, Fireworks N/A Chhaang or Buuz
Tibetans, Mongols, Tu etc.

Lantern Festival
Lantern Festival
Upper Yuan Festival Chinese Month 1 Day 15 4 Feb–6 Mar Lanterns Expo, Ancestors Worship, Tomb Sweeping Birthdate of the God of Sky-officer Yuanxiao Han, Joseon, Yamato *

Qingming Festival
Qingming Festival
Tomb Sweeping Day Solar 15th day since March equinox
March equinox
4 Apr–6 April Ancestors Worship, Tomb Sweeping Burning Hell money Cold Food Han, Joseon, Mongols

Dragon Boat Festival
Dragon Boat Festival
Duanwu Festival Chinese Month 5 Day 5

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Tokyo is the largest city in the world, both in metropolitan population and economy . *

Seoul is the capital of South Korea, one of the largest cities in the world and a leading global technology hub. *

Pyongyang is the capital of North Korea (DPRK), and is a significant metropolis on the Korean Peninsula
Korean Peninsula
. *

Shanghai is the largest city in China (People's Republic of China) and one of the largest in the world, and is the leading commercial and financial centre of mainland China . *

Taipei is the capital of Taiwan (Republic of China) and is one of the world's leading technical centres in East Asia, and is the location of the Taipei 101 . *

Hong Kong , enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea , is one of the world's leading global financial centres and is known as a cosmopolitan metropolis. *

Ulaanbaatar is the largest city in Mongolia with a population of 1 million as of 2008.

Play media Pass of the ISS over Mongolia , looking out west towards the Pacific Ocean , China , and Japan . As the video progresses, you can see major cities along the coast and the Japanese islands on the Philippine Sea . The island of Guam can be seen further down the pass into the Philippine Sea, and the pass ends just to the east of New Zealand . A lightning storm can be seen as light pulses near the end of the video.


* Geography portal * Asia portal

* Economy of East Asia * East Asia Summit * East Asian Community * East Asian cultural sphere * East Asian Games * East Asian languages * East Asian people * East Asian studies * Four Asian Tigers * China–Japan– South Korea trilateral summit * Chinese calligraphy * Japanese calligraphy * Korean calligraphy * Mongolian calligraphy


* ^ The area figure is based on the combined areas of China (including Hong Kong and Macau ), Mongolia , North Korea -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ _A_ _B_ " East Asia". _ Encarta _. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-01-12. the countries and regions of China(Hong Kong,Macau), Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan. * ^ _A_ _B_ Columbia University - " East Asian cultural sphere" "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilisation of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." * ^ include Tibetan Buddhism * ^ Chongho Kim, "Korean Shamanism", 2003 Ashgate Publishing * ^ Andreas Anangguru Yewangoe, "Theologia crucis in Asia", 1987 Rodopi * ^ _A_ _B_ "United Nations Statistics Division- Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49)". United Nations Statistics Division . 6 May 2015. Retrieved 2010-07-24. * ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". United Nations Statistics Division. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2013. * ^ R. Keith Schopper's _ East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World_ * ^ Joshua A. Fogel (UC Santa Barbara/University of Indiana) _Nationalism, the Rise of the Vernacular, and the Conceptualization of Modernization in East Asian Comparative Perspective_ * ^ United Nations Environment Programme (mentions sinosphere countries) _Approaches to Solution of Eutrophication_ * ^ Christopher M. Dent (2008). _ East Asian regionalism_. London: Routledge. pp. 1–8. * ^ Charles Harvie, Fukunari Kimura, and Hyun-Hoon Lee (2005), _New East Asian regionalism_. Cheltenham and Northamton: Edward Elgar, pp.3-6. * ^ Peter J. Katzenstein and Takashi Shiraishi (2006), _Beyond Japan: the dynamics of East Asian regionalism_. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp.1-33 * ^ "Northeast Asia." _ Council on Foreign Relations _. Retrieved on August 10, 2009. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "SEA GDP". IMF. * ^ Include all area which under PRC's government control(exclude " South Tibet " and disputed islands). * ^ "汉族". _维基百科,自由的百科全书_ (in Chinese). 2017-03-29. * ^ "人口推計 - 平成 28年 12月 報" (PDF). * ^ "한민족". _위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전_ (in Korean). 2017-03-29. * ^ "Mongols". _Wikipedia_. 2017-03-18. * ^ "壮族". _维基百科,自由的百科全书_ (in Chinese). 2017-03-25. * ^ "满族". _维基百科,自由的百科全书_ (in Chinese). 2017-02-23. * ^ "Hui people". _Simple English, the free encyclopedia_. 2016-02-18. * ^ "维吾尔族". _维基百科,自由的百科全书_ (in Chinese). 2017-03-29. * ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_Latin_alphabet * ^ Khotons in _ * ^ "苗族". 维基百科,自由的百科全书_ (in Chinese). 2017-02-19. * ^ "藏族". _维基百科,自由的百科全书_ (in Chinese). 2017-03-20. * ^ "Bai people". _Wikipedia_. 2017-04-15. * ^ "Yi people". _Wikipedia_. 2017-04-15. * ^ "Tujia people". _Wikipedia_. 2017-01-19. * ^ "Kam people". _Wikipedia_. 2017-04-06. * ^ people border:inherit; padding:inherit;">url= value (help ). _Wikipedia_. 2017-03-18. * ^ "Russians". _Wikipedia_. 2017-05-03. * ^ "Tajiks of Xinjiang". _Wikipedia_. 2017-03-29. * ^ _A_ _B_ Edwin O. Reischauer, "The Sinic World in Perspective," _Foreign Affairs_ 52.2 (January 1974): 341-348. JSTOR * ^ _A_ _B_ " Religions in China". _religions.findthedata.com_. Retrieved 2017-05-05. * ^ "World Religions - Followers, Beliefs, and More". _religions.findthedata.com_. Retrieved 2017-05-05. * ^ "World Religions - Followers, Beliefs, and More". _religions.findthedata.com_. Retrieved 2017-05-05. * ^ "Tibetan people". _Wikipedia_. 2017-05-03. * ^ "Shamanism". _Wikipedia_. 2017-05-04. * ^ "World Religions - Followers, Beliefs, and More". _religions.findthedata.com_. Retrieved 2017-05-05. * ^ " East Asian Youth Games". _Wikipedia_. 2016-10-22.


_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to EAST ASIA _.

_ Look up EAST ASIA _ in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* _ East Asia travel guide from Wikivoyage * High resolution map of East Asian region

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