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Edward Willis "E.W." Scripps (June 18, 1854 – March 12, 1926), was an American newspaper publisher and founder of The E. W. Scripps Company, a diversified media conglomerate, and United Press news service. It became United Press International
United Press International
(UPI) when International News Service (INS) merged with United Press in 1958. The E. W. Scripps School of Journalism at Ohio University
Ohio University
is named for him.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Newspaper career 3 Later life 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading

6.1 Archives

7 External links

Early life[edit] E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
was born and raised in Rushville, Illinois, to James Mogg Scripps from London, and Julia Adeline Osborne (third wife) from New York. E. W. was the youngest of five children born to James and Julia. James had seven children from previous marriages. E. W., as with many businessmen of his day, went by his initials rather than writing out his first and middle name. He often signed his middle name as "Wyllis".[1] Newspaper career[edit] Both E. W. and his half-sister Ellen worked with his older half-brother, James when he founded The Detroit News
The Detroit News
in 1873. E. W. started as an office boy at the paper. In 1878, with loans from his half-brothers, E. W. went on to found The Penny Press (later the Cleveland
Cleveland
Press) in Cleveland. With financial support from sister Ellen, he went on to begin or acquire some 25 newspapers. This was the beginning of a media empire that is now the E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
Company. E. W. would lend money to promising young, local newspaper publishers, and buy the most successful one, having 51% share of the paper. Once bought, he did not "sell out," but held on to the paper. A guiding tenet of E. W. was that local editors know best about running local newspapers. Editors were carefully groomed and given considerable autonomy. Among the innovations E. W. made were distributing newspapers to the suburbs and, with his brother James, of getting the bulk of income from advertisers instead of subscribers.[citation needed] In 1907, Scripps created United Press Associations, later the UPI
UPI
news service, from smaller regional news services. Scripps later said "I regard my life's greatest service to the people of this country to be the creation of the United Press", to provide competition to the Associated Press.[citation needed] Scripps believed in editorial independence, stating,

A newspaper fairly and honestly conducted in the interests of the great masses of the public must at all times antagonize the selfish interests of that very class [the advertisers] which furnishes the larger part of a newspaper's income. It must occasionally so antagonize this class as to cause it not only to cease patronage, to a greater or lesser extent, but to make actually offensive warfare against the newspaper.[2]

Later life[edit] In 1898, he finished building a home in San Diego, where his half-sister lived nearby,[3] thinking that the dry, warm climate would help his allergic rhinitis that he had all his life. He built it as a winter home to escape the cold of West Chester (Butler County), Ohio, but eventually lived there year-round, and conducted his newspaper business from the ranch. His ranch encompassed what is today the community of Scripps Ranch as well as Marine Corps Air Station Miramar. In 1903, he and his half-sister Ellen were the founding donors of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Initially Scripps was reluctant to support the venture, thinking scientists could not be businesslike. However, he developed a deep friendship with the scientific director, William Emerson Ritter, and together they began to plan projects for the Institute. As the Institute started to succeed, he became an enthusiastic supporter, and took a great interest in its work. William Randolph Hearst and Scripps were often at loggerheads as to who owned the better newspaper conglomerate. In 1921, Scripps founded Science Service, later renamed Society for Science & the Public, with the goal of keeping the public informed of scientific achievements. The organization continues to run as a non-profit dedicated to the promotion of science. Scripps University is also named in his honor, since a large part of its endowment derives from his newspaper fortune. [Emendation: I think you mean Scripps College, which was founded by his half sister Ellen Browning Scripps, after his death] Scripps died at the age of 71 on March 12, 1926. As requested, his body was buried at sea by being dumped overboard from his yacht. Among his descendants was Samuel H. Scripps
Samuel H. Scripps
(1927 – 2007), grandson, who became a leading philanthropist for theater and dance in America in the late 20th century. See also[edit]

Samuel H. Scripps
Samuel H. Scripps
– E. W. Scripps' grandson, a philanthropist in theater and dance Day Book – E. W. Scripps' short-lived experiment in ad-free journalism

References[edit]

^ Edward Willis Scripps at Brittannica.com ^ MacColl, E. Kimbark (1979). The Growth of a City: Power and Politics in Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
1915–1950. Portland, Oregon: The Georgian Press. ISBN 0-9603408-1-5.  ^ "A Jew and and the California Dream". San Diego
San Diego
Reader. 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2018-03-21. 

Further reading[edit]

E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
(Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1933) by Negley D. Cochran E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
and the Business of Newspapers (1999) by Gerald J. Baldasty. ISBN 0-252-06750-9. Science Service as one Expression of E. W. Scripps's Philosophy of Life. (Washington, D.C.: Science Service, 1926) by William E. Ritter "Newspaper Man", Time, March 22, 1926 Molly McClain, "The Scripps Family's San Diego
San Diego
Experiment," The Journal of San Diego
San Diego
History 56, nos. 1–2 (2010). Molly McClain, Ellen Browning Scripps: New Money and American Philanthropy (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2017) Scripps, E.W.; McCabe, Charles. Damned Old Crank – A Self Portrait of E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
Drawn From His Unpublished Writings (March 15, 2007). Mccabe Press. p. 259. ISBN 1-4067-6151-6.  Morris, Joe Alex. Deadline Every Minute: The Story of the United Press (1968 reprint). Praeger (October 31, 1968). p. 356. ISBN 0-8371-0175-1. 

Archives[edit]

E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
Papers, Mahn Center for Archives & Special Collections, Ohio University
Ohio University
Libraries, Athens, Ohio. Manuscript collection, primarily correspondence. Robert E. Burke Collection. 1892–1994. 60.43 cubic feet (68 boxes plus two oversize folders and one oversize vertical file). Contains material collected by Burke on E.W. Scripps from 1910–1994. At the Labor Archives of Washington, University of Washington Libraries Special
Special
Collections.

External links[edit]

"How Scripps Institution Came To San Diego", The Journal of San Diego History 27:3 (Summer 1981) by Elizabeth N. Shor "Our Pioneers" The E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
Company[permanent dead link]

v t e

E. W. Scripps
E. W. Scripps
Company

Radio stations

AM

KFAQ KFFN KFTI KSGF KXSP WTMJ

FM

KBEZ KEZO-FM KFDI-FM KFXJ KHTT KICT-FM KJOT KKCD KMXZ-FM KQCH KQTH KQXR KRVB KRVI KSGF-FM KSPW KSRZ KTGV KTHI KTTS-FM KVOO-FM KXBL KYQQ WCYQ WKHT WKTI WNOX WWST

Television

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KERO KGTV KGUN KIVI / KSAW KMGH KNXV KTNV WCPO WEWS WFTS WKBW WMAR WRTV WXYZ

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Programming and subchannel networks

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Digital

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Acquisitions

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People

Edward W. Estlow Jack R. Howard Ted Knap Jim G. Lucas Ernie Pyle Al Schottelkotte Charles Scripps E. W. Scripps

Related

National Journalism Awards National Spelling Bee Scripps Howard Foundation Scripps Networks Interactive United Media Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co.

1 Scripps operates these stations under a shared services agreement with Raycom Media.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59886154 LCCN: n85185654 ISNI: 0000 0000 8243 3942 GND: 119069253 SUDOC: 082943524 BNF: cb13736604w (da

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