Druk tsendhen (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཙན་དན, "The
Thunder Dragon Kingdom") is the national anthem of Bhutan. Adopted in
1953, the music is by Aku Tongmi and the words are by Venerable Dorji
Lopen Dolop Droep Namgay of Talo, Punakha; possibly translated into
English by Dasho Gyaldun Thinley.
3 See also
5 Further reading
6 External links
Despite the claims made in Brozovic's Enciklopedija (1999) and many
subsequent authors, who attribute the authorship of this most sacred
national compilation to the late Gyaldun, father of the (now) former
Prime Minister Jigme Y. Thinlay (2008–2013), there are many who
believe that the words and the national anthem itself were penned by
none other than the much learned and Venerable Dorji Lopen Dolop Droep
Namgay of Talo, Punakha. The Dorji Lopen is the senior-most of the
four senior Lopens in Bhutan's religious establishment, and often
serves as the Deputy Je Khenpo. Dolop Droep Namgay, given his
extensive knowledge and wisdom, maintained close personal and working
relations with the Third King of
Bhutan Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
(1929–1972), during whose reign, Gyaldun Thinley served in various
capacities. It is possible that Gyaldun Thinlay may have been involved
in working closely with Dolop Droep Namgay as well as translating the
sacred words into English. It is also highly likely that he (and/or
his son Jigme Y. Thinlay who served in many important government and
political capacities since the 1990s) was one of the persons of first
contact for Dalibor Brozovic and any such claims made therein,
remained part of Bhutan's history, with little or no investigative
work done thereon. However, as to the claims that this beautiful ode
to this great nation could have originated, much less penned by
Gyaldun Thinley, who, despite his rise through the ranks and
importance to Bhutan's history, is not much known for his knowledge or
learning, is not viewed favorably or seriously by many. Dolop Droep
Namgay on the other hand, through oral tellings again, is renowned for
both learning and wisdom. He is also attributed to have designed,
named and conveyed the significance of many important national symbols
and emblems - most of which are commonly known but not as well
documented. An example is the insignia of the various ranks (i.e.
Lieutenant, Captain, Major, Colonel, etc.) of the Royal
Bhutan Police and the Royal Body Guards; on the specific
orders and under the guidance of His Majesty The Third King. Most of
these refutations are not documented. They are oral tellings from
older to the younger generation. A more thorough and academic
investigation may be necessary to determine the true origins of the
Druk Tsendhen; be it a lay civil servant or a learned high-monk.
Tongmi was educated in
India and had recently been appointed leader of
the military brass band when the need for an anthem rose at the
occasion of a state visit from Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru of
India. His original score was inspired by the Bhutanese folk tune "The
Unchanging Lotus Throne" (Thri nyampa med pa pemai thri). The melody
has twice undergone changes by Tongmi's successors as band leaders.
The original lyrics were 12 lines, but was shortened to the present
six-line version in 1964 by a secretary to the king.
As the anthem is inspired by a folk tune, there is a choreography to
it as well, originally directed by Tongmi.
Original in Dzongkha
Druk cenden koipi gyelkhap na
Pel loog nig tensi chongwai gyon
Druk gyelpo ngadhak rinpoche
Ku jurmei tenching chhap cid pel
Chho sangye tenpa darshing gyel
Bang deikyed nyima shar warr sho.
In the Kingdom of
Bhutan adorned with cypress trees,
The Protector who reigns over the realm of spiritual and secular
He is the King of Bhutan, the precious sovereign.
May His being remain unchanging, and the Kingdom prosper,
May the teachings of the Enlightened One flourish,
May the sun of peace and happiness shine over all people.
Flag of Bhutan
Emblem of Bhutan
National symbols of Bhutan
^ Brozović, Dalibor (1999). Hrvatska Enciklopedija. 1. Miroslav
Krleža. p. 569. ISBN 953-6036-29-0. Retrieved
^ a b Penjore, Dorji; Kinga, Sonam (2002). The Origin and Description
of The National Flag and National Anthem of The Kingdom of Bhutan
(PDF). Thimphu: The Centre for
Bhutan Studies. p. 14.
ISBN 99936-14-01-7. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
^ Blackwell, Amy Hackney (2009). Independence Days: Holidays and
Celebrations. Infobase Publishing. p. 15.
ISBN 1-60413-101-2. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
^ "National Anthem".
Bhutan Portal. Government of Bhutan. Archived
from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
^ "Constitution of Bhutan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on
5 September 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
Minahan, James (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and
Emblems. 1. Greenwood Press. p. 20. ISBN 0-313-34498-1.
Druk tsendhen - Audio of the national anthem of Bhutan, with
information and lyrics
National anthems.net midi file
Dookola Swiata - This travel website has an instrumental version of
the Anthem, as an .asx file.
Children sing the anthem - This website has a sound file of Bhutanese
children singing the Anthem without musical accompaniment.
Dragon King of
Bhutan calls-on President of the Republic of
the eve of 63rd Republic Day - The anthem starts at 01:30. Rendition
by Rashtrapati AngRakshak.
National anthems of Asia
United Arab Emirates
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Tibet (in exile)
West Papua (disputed)
Former Russian Empire
or Soviet Union
Russian Empire (1816-33)
Russian Empire (1833-1917)
Russian Republic (1917–18)
The Internationale (1918–44)
Soviet Union (and Russian SFSR, 1944–91)
Armenian SSR (1944–91)
Azerbaijan SSR (1944–92)
Georgian SSR (1946–91)
Kazakh SSR (1945–92)
Kirghiz SSR (1946–92)
Russian Federation (1990–2000)
Tajik SSR (1946–94)
Turkmen SSR (1946–97)
Uzbek SSR (1946–92)
China (Qing dynasty 1911)
Khmer Republic (1970–75)
Democratic Kampuchea (1975–93)
People's Republic of Kampuchea (1979–89)
Kingdom of Nepal (1967–2006)
Siam (now as royal salute)
South Vietnam (1948–75)
South Vietnam (1975–76)
United Arab Republic (1960–81)
Kingdom of Iraq (1932–58)
Iraqi Republic (1981–2003)
Afghanistan (1943-73) (1978–92)
Palestine (de facto until 1996)
Italics indicates partially-