DRUK TSENDHEN (
Dzongkha : འབྲུག་ཙན་དན, "The
Thunder Dragon Kingdom") is the national anthem of
Bhutan . Adopted in
1953, the music is by Aku Tongmi and the words are by Dasho Gyaldun
* 1 History
* 2 Lyrics
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 Further reading
* 6 External links
Despite the claims made in Brozovic's Enciklopedija (1999) and many
subsequent authors, who attribute the authorship of this most sacred
national compilation to the late Gyaldun, father of the (now) former
Prime Minister Jigme Y. Thinlay (2008 - 2013), there are many who
believe that the words and the national anthem itself were penned by
none other than the much learned and Venerable Dorji Lopen Dolop Droep
Namgay of Talo, Punakha. The Dorji Lopen is the senior-most of the
four senior Lopens in Bhutan's religious establishment, and often
serves as the Deputy
Je Khenpo . Dolop Droep Namgay, given his
extensive knowledge and wisdom, maintained close personal and working
relations with the Third King of
Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (1929 -
1972), during whose reign, Gyaldun Thinley served in various
capacities. It is possible that Gyaldun Thinlay may have been involved
in working closely with Dolop Droep Namgay as well as translating the
sacred words into English. It is also highly likely that he (and/or
his son Jigme Y. Thinlay who served in many important government and
political capacities since the 1990s) was one of the persons of first
contact for Dalibor Brozovic and any such claims made therein,
remained part of Bhutan's history, with little or no investigative
work done thereon. However, as to the claims that this beautiful ode
to this great nation could have originated, much less penned by
Gyaldun Thinley, who, despite his rise through the ranks and
importance to Bhutan's history, is not much known for his knowledge or
learning, is not viewed favorably or seriously by many. Dolop Droep
Namgay on the other hand, through oral tellings again, is renowned for
both learning and wisdom. He is also attributed to have designed,
named and conveyed the significance of many important national symbols
and emblems - most of which are commonly known but not as well
documented. An example is the insignia of the various ranks (i.e.
Lieutenant, Captain, Major, Colonel, etc.) of the Royal
Bhutan Army ,
Bhutan Police and the Royal Body Guards; on the specific
orders and under the guidance of His Majesty The Third King. Most of
these refutations are not documented. They are oral tellings from
older to the younger generation. A more thorough and academic
investigation may be necessary to determine the true origins of the
Druk Tsendhen; be it a lay civil servant or a learned high-monk.
Tongmi was educated in
India and had recently been appointed leader
of the military brass band when the need for an anthem rose at the
occasion of a state visit from Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru of
India. His original score was inspired by the
Bhutanese folk tune "The
Unchanging Lotus Throne" (Thri nyampa med pa pemai thri). The melody
has twice undergone changes by Tongmi's successors as band leaders.
The original lyrics were 12 lines, but was shortened to the present
six-line version in 1964 by a secretary to the king.
As the anthem is inspired by a folk tune, there is a choreography to
it as well, originally directed by Tongmi.
ORIGINAL IN DZONGKHA
Druk tsenden koepei gyelkhap na
Pyel loog nig tyensi chongwei gyen
Druk gyelpo ngadak rinpoche
Koo jurmey tyenching chap tsid pyel
Che sangye tyenpa darshing gyel
Bang deykyed nyima sha-wa sho.
In the Kingdom of
Bhutan adorned with cypress trees,
The Protector who reigns over the realm of spiritual and secular
He is the King of
Bhutan , the precious sovereign.
May His being remain unchanging, and the Kingdom prosper,
May the teachings of the Enlightened One flourish,
May the sun of peace and happiness shine over all people .
* Flag of
* Emblem of
* National symbols of
* ^ Brozović, Dalibor (1999). Hrvatska Enciklopedija. 1. Miroslav
Krleža. p. 569. ISBN 953-6036-29-0 . Retrieved 2011-10-29.
* ^ A B Penjore, Dorji; Kinga, Sonam (2002). The Origin and
Description of The National Flag and National Anthem of The Kingdom of
Thimphu : The Centre for
Bhutan Studies. p. 14. ISBN
99936-14-01-7 . Retrieved 2011-04-19.
* ^ Blackwell, Amy Hackney (2009). Independence Days: Holidays and
Celebrations. Infobase Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 1-60413-101-2 .
* ^ "National Anthem".
Bhutan Portal. Government of
* ^ "Constitution of Bhutan" (PDF). Retrieved 18 October 2014.
* Minahan, James (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and
Emblems. 1. Greenwood Press. p. 20. ISBN 0-313-34498-1 . Retrieved
Druk tsendhen - Audio of the national anthem of Bhutan, with
information and lyrics
* National anthems.net midi file
* Dookola Swiata - This travel website has an instrumental version
of the Anthem, as an .asx file.
* Children sing the anthem - This website has a sound file of
Bhutanese children singing the Anthem without musical accompaniment.
* Dragon King of
Bhutan calls-on President of the Republic of India