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Drôme
Drôme
(French pronunciation: ​[dʁom]; Droma in Occitan, Drôma in Arpitan) is a department in southeastern France
France
named after the Drôme
Drôme
River.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Economy

4.1 Statistics 4.2 Tourism 4.3 Main companies

5 Politics 6 Demographics

6.1 Main cities

7 Tourism 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] St Vallier in Drôme, was the birthplace of one of France's most famous courtesans, the noble-born Diane de Poitiers
Diane de Poitiers
(1499-1566), long-term mistress of King Henri II (1519-1559). The French National Constituent Assembly set up Drôme
Drôme
as one of the original 83 departments of France
France
on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution. The territory formed part of the former French province of Dauphiné. Geography[edit] Drôme
Drôme
lies within the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
and is surrounded by the departments of Ardèche, Isère, Hautes-Alpes, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
and Vaucluse. The boundaries of the department have changed several times with the incorporation of the Comtat Venaissin
Comtat Venaissin
in 1792 and the creation of the Vaucluse
Vaucluse
department in 1793. Drôme
Drôme
surrounds an exclave of the Vaucluse
Vaucluse
department, the Canton of Valréas
Canton of Valréas
(Enclave des Papes). Climate[edit]

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The Drôme
Drôme
department is in a zone of transition between the oceanic climate of Lyon, the continental climate to the north and the Mediterranean climate of Provence
Provence
to the south. In the Rhône
Rhône
valley, the meeting of the mild humid southern Mediterranean air masses with the colder northern air mass sometimes causes particularly violent thunderstorms and snowstorms. In the northern hills near Tain-l'Hermitage
Tain-l'Hermitage
(15 km north of Valence), the climate is a mixture of oceanic and semi-continental climates. Rainfall occurs throughout the year with the most falling in spring and autumn. The summers are moderated by storms and the mistral does not blow hard. Saint-Donat-sur-l'Herbasse has a moderate temperature of 3 °C in January and 21 °C in July due to the Lyonnic climate, where more precipitation falls in summer than winter. The influence of the mountains is evident in the east. In the Vercors Plateau, the mountain climate is wet due to the oceanic influences from the north. The average annual temperature at Lus la Croix Haute at altitude 1061m is 7.3 °C and the annual rainfall is 1051mm. The Diois
Diois
(southern Vercors) and the Baronnies
Baronnies
are dry regions due to the Mediterranean climate. The mistral is less influential here and this region has minimal rainfall. The lowest temperatures in January at Nyons
Nyons
is 0.3 °C but 1.4 °C at Pierrelatte. The Valence plane is a transition zone between the Mediterranean influence and the northern cold climate. Summers are warmer than in the northern regions, and the increase in sunlight and heat is evident upon the appearance of Mediterranean vegetation in the region. The temperatures are moderate between Lyon
Lyon
and Montélimar. Valence's average temperature in January is 3.8 °C and 22 °C in July. The mistral here blows harder. From Montélimar, the climate can be considered to be that of a Mediterranean climate. Near the highway, the change of vegetation is particularly visible near the stream at Donzère, particularly due to the change of the soil profile. The most southern part of the department clearly exhibits a Méso-Mediterranean climate with the reinforcement of the mistral and a hotter summer due to the rarity of storms. Most rainfall occurs in autumn and the winters are milder than the rest of the Drôme. Pierrelatte
Pierrelatte
has an average temperature of 5 °C in January and 23 °C in July. Economy[edit] Most of the economic activity of the Drôme
Drôme
department is located in the west of the department, along the Rhône
Rhône
valley. This area which contains most of the population of the department, also has accessible transportation, such as the A7 autoroute
A7 autoroute
and the rail routes LGV Rhône-Alpes and LGV Méditerranée. Economic activity in Valence, Drôme
Drôme
was boosted by the creation of the Valence TGV line in 2001. Statistics[edit]

Total employment (2004): 158 930 (about 10.6% is self-employed) Unemployment rate (2006): 9.9% Jobs per sector of activity (2005)

Agriculture: 6.0% Industry: 20.4% BTP: 6.8% Commerce: 15.0% Services: 51.8%

Qualification of Jobs (1999)

Farmers: 4.0% CEO: 7.8% Executives: 9.6% Technicians and associate professionals: 23.0% Employees: 27.2% Labourers: 28.5%

Average annual salary (2004)

CEO: 53 113 € Executives: 39 265 € Technicians and associate professionals: 22 927 € Employees: 15 688 € Labourers: 16 344 € Apprentices and labourers : 7 498 €

Tourism[edit]

The Drôme
Drôme
benefits from an excellent image in the view of tourists. Attendance has grown steadily (+4% between 2006 and 2007), faster than the neighbouring departments of Ardèche
Ardèche
and the Vaucluse
Vaucluse
(+1%). Number of overnight stays in 2007: 7,994,076 The Tourism Committee of the Drôme
Drôme
department's website http://www.ladrometourisme.com received over 44000 visits in 2007, along with a new TV station http://www.ladrometourisme.tv

Main companies[edit]

Main companies in 2002

Rank Company Revenue Headquarters Activity

1 Imaje 231 Million Euros Bourg-lès-Valence Industrial plant

2 Alain Manoukian 157 Million Euros Tain-l'Hermitage Moving company

3 Lafuma 154 Million Euros Anneyron Hiking equipment

4 Crouzet Automations 122 Million Euros Valence Automation systems

5 Spit 121 Million Euros Bourg-lès-Valence Metallic fixation systems

Politics[edit] The President of the General Council is Patrick Labaune.

Party seats

• Socialist Party 9

Les Republicains 10

Union of Democrats and Independents 8

• Miscellaneous Left 6

Miscellaneous Right 4

MoDem 0

• The Greens 0

• Left Radical Party 1

• French Communist Party 0

Demographics[edit] The inhabitants of the department are called Drômois. Main cities[edit] (1999 figures)

Valence: 66,568 Romans-sur-Isère: 33,665 Montélimar: 32,896 Nyons: 6,731

Tourism[edit] Sport activities in Drôme
Drôme
include:

in winter: skiing, cross-country skiing, snow-shoeing in summer: excursions, mountain biking in the mountainous area

The Drôme River
Drôme River
is also a great place to practice canoëing and kayaking. In the spring the water flow even allows you to practice rafting. The Saoü Forest is known for its climbing paths.

Valence Cathedral

Lavender fields near Die

Grignan
Grignan
town and castle

Ferdinand Cheval's palace

Vercors Plateau

Nougat
Nougat
from Montélimar

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Drôme
Drôme
department Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Drôme
Drôme
department Communes of the Drôme
Drôme
department Arrondissements of the Drôme
Drôme
department Marie Louis Descorches

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Drôme.

 "Drôme". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). 1911.  (in English) Tourism website (in French) Prefecture website (in French) General Council website (in French) Drome valley website (in French) Drome Pictures Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Drôme
Drôme
department

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133623905 LCCN: n81022472 GND: 4085493-0 BNF:

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