PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
* Executive actions
* Federal judges
* Supreme Court candidates
* U.S. Attorneys
* Paris withdrawal
* Foreign policy
* as candidate
* as President
* Social issues
* 2017 summits
* arms deal
* 2018 summits
World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum , Switzerland
* 2016 campaign
* Republican opposition
* Sexual misconduct allegations
* 2020 campaign
Russia controversies Business projects in
Trump–Russia dossier Classified
information disclosure Links of associates with Russian officials
Trump campaign–Russian meetings
Special Counsel investigation
BUSINESS AND PERSONAL
* Business career
The Trump Organization
* Legal affairs
* Racial views
The Apprentice franchise
DONALD JOHN TRUMP (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current
President of the United States
President of the United States , in office since January 20, 2017.
Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television
Trump was born and grew up in the
New York City
New York City borough of
earned an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University
Trump took over running his family's real estate
business in 1971, renamed it
The Trump Organization , and expanded it
to involve constructing and renovating skyscrapers, hotels, casinos,
and golf courses. He also started various side ventures, including
branding and licensing his name for real estate and luxury consumer
products. He managed the company until his 2017 inauguration . Trump
also gained prominence in the media and entertainment fields. He
co-authored several books (most notably
The Art of the Deal ), and
from 2003 to 2015 he was a producer and the host of
The Apprentice , a
reality television game show.
Trump owned the
Miss Universe and Miss
USA beauty pageants from 1996 to 2015. According to
he was the world's 544th richest person as of May 2017 , with an
estimated net worth of $3.5 billion.
Trump entered the 2016 presidential race as a Republican and defeated
sixteen opponents in the primaries . Commentators described his
political positions as populist , protectionist , and nationalist .
His campaign received extensive free media coverage ; many of his
public statements were controversial or false.
Trump won the 2016
general election against Democratic opponent
Hillary Clinton . He
became the oldest and wealthiest person ever to assume the presidency,
the first without prior military or government service , and the fifth
to have won the election despite losing the popular vote . His
election and policies sparked numerous protests .
In domestic policy ,
Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme
Court . Citing security concerns, he ordered a travel ban on citizens
from several Muslim-majority countries; a revised version of the ban
was implemented after legal challenges . In December 2017 he signed
tax reform legislation which cut rates and eliminated the Obamacare
insurance mandate. In foreign policy ,
Trump withdrew the United
States from the
Trans-Pacific Partnership trade pact and the Paris
Agreement on climate change, partially reversed the
Cuban Thaw ,
pressured North Korea over the acceleration of their missile tests and
nuclear weapons program , and recognized
Jerusalem as the capital of
James Comey in 2017, the Justice
Department appointed a special counsel to continue investigating links
or coordination between the
Trump campaign and Russian government in
connection with Russian interference in the 2016 elections and related
* 1 Family and personal life
* 1.1 Ancestry and parents
* 1.2 Early life and education
* 1.3 Family
* 1.4 Religion
* 1.5 Health
* 1.6 Wealth
* 2 Business career
* 2.1 Real estate
* 2.1.2 Palm Beach estate
Atlantic City casinos
* 2.1.4 Golf courses
* 2.1.5 Hotels outside New York
* 2.2 Branding and licensing
* 2.3 Legal affairs and bankruptcies
* 2.4 Side ventures
* 2.4.1 Sports events
* 2.5 Foundation
* 2.6 Conflicts of interest
* 3 Media career
* 3.1 Books
* 3.2 Professional wrestling
* 3.4 Acting
* 4 Public profile
* 4.1 Political image
* 4.1.1 False and misleading statements
* 4.2 Racial views
* 4.3 Popular culture
* 5 Political career up to 2015
* 5.1 Early interest in candidacy for president
* 5.2 Reform Party candidacy, 2000
* 5.3 Presidential election, 2012
* 5.4 Political comments, 2013–2015
* 5.5 History of political affiliations
* 5.6 Campaign contributions
* 6 2016 presidential campaign
* 6.1 Republican primaries
* 6.2 General election campaign
* 6.3 Political positions
* 6.4 Campaign rhetoric
* 6.5 White nationalist support
* 6.6 Financial disclosures
* 6.7 Sexual misconduct allegations
* 6.8 Election to the presidency
* 6.9 Protests
* 7 Presidency
* 7.1 Transition
* 7.1.1 Pre-inauguration events
White House appointments
* 7.1.3 Cabinet-level nominations
* 7.2 First 100 days
* 7.3 Domestic policy
* 7.3.1 Economy and trade
* 7.3.2 Education
* 7.3.3 Energy and climate
* 7.3.4 Government size and deregulation
* 7.3.5 Health care
* 7.3.6 Immigration
* 7.3.7 Social issues
* 7.4 Foreign policy
* 7.4.1 Israel
* 7.4.2 Relations with
* 7.4.3 North Korea
* 7.5 Investigations
Dismissal of James Comey
* 7.5.3 Impeachment efforts
* 7.6 2020 presidential campaign
* 8 See also
* 9 Notes
* 10 References
* 11 Bibliography
* 12 External links
FAMILY AND PERSONAL LIFE
ANCESTRY AND PARENTS
Trump's ancestors originated from the German village of
the Palatinate on his father's side, and from the
Outer Hebrides in
Scotland on his mother's side. All of his grandparents and his mother
were born in Europe.
Trump's paternal grandfather, Friedrich
Trump , first emigrated to
United States in 1885 at the age of 16 and became a citizen in
1892. He amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and
boarding houses in the Seattle area and the Klondike region of Canada
during its gold rush . On a visit to Kallstadt, he met Elisabeth
Christ and married her in 1902. The couple settled in New York
permanently in 1905. Frederick died from influenza during the 1918
Trump's father Fred was born in 1905 in
The Bronx . Fred started
working with his mother in real estate when he was 15, shortly after
his father's death. Their company, Elizabeth
Trump & Son, was
primarily active in the New York boroughs of
Fred eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks, and
apartments. The company later became
The Trump Organization after
Trump took over in 1971.
Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital
Queens , New York City, the fourth of five children.
Trump grew up in Jamaica,
Queens , and attended the Kew-Forest School
from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, he enrolled in the
New York Military Academy , a private boarding school, after his
parents discovered that he had made frequent trips into Manhattan
without their permission.
Trump began his higher education at
Fordham University .
After two years, he transferred to the Wharton School of the
Pennsylvania , because it offered one of the few
real-estate studies departments in
United States academia at the time.
In addition to his father,
Trump was inspired by
William Zeckendorf , vowing to be "even bigger and better". While at
Wharton, he worked at the family business, Elizabeth
Trump is sworn in as president on January 20, 2017: Trump, wife
Melania , son Donald Jr. , son Barron , daughter Ivanka , son Eric ,
and daughter Tiffany
Trump grew up with three elder siblings—Maryanne , Fred Jr., and
Elizabeth—as well as a younger brother named Robert. Maryanne is an
Federal Appeals Court judge on the Third Circuit .
Trump has five children by three marriages, as well as nine
grandchildren. His first two marriages ended in widely publicized
divorces. He is the second divorced American president, after Ronald
Trump married his first wife, Czech model Ivana
Zelníčková , at the
Marble Collegiate Church in
Manhattan in a
ceremony performed by the Reverend
Norman Vincent Peale . They had
three children: Donald Jr. (b. 1977), Ivanka (b. 1981), and Eric (b.
1984). Ivana became a naturalized
United States citizen in 1988. The
couple divorced in 1992, following Trump's affair with actress Marla
In October 1993, Maples gave birth to Trump's daughter, who was named
Tiffany after high-end retailer Tiffany ">
Trump and his wife
Melania at the Liberty Ball on Inauguration Day
Trump married his third wife, Slovenian model Melania Knauss
Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church in
Palm Beach, Florida . The
ceremony was followed by a reception at Trump's
Mar-a-Lago estate. In
2006, Melania became a
United States citizen and gave birth to a son,
Barron. Melania became
First Lady of the United States upon Trump's
inauguration as president in January 2017.
Upon his inauguration as president,
Trump delegated the management of
his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr. His
daughter Ivanka resigned from
The Trump Organization and moved to
Washington, D.C. with her husband
Jared Kushner . She serves as an
assistant to the president, and he is a Senior Advisor in the White
Trump's ancestors were
Lutheran on his father's side in
Presbyterian on his mother's side in Scotland. His parents married in
Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936. As a child, he attended the
First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, and had his Confirmation
there. In the 1970s, his family joined the Marble Collegiate Church
(an affiliate of the
Reformed Church in America ) in
Manhattan . The
pastor at that church,
Norman Vincent Peale , author of The Power of
Positive Thinking and
The Art of Living , ministered to Trump's family
and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993.
The Trump Organization operates many golf courses and resorts in the
United States and around the world. According to
or manages about 18 golf courses. His personal financial disclosure
Federal Elections Commission stated that his golf and resort
revenue for the year 2015 was roughly $382 million, while his three
European golf courses did not show a profit.
Turnberry Hotel and
golf course, Ayrshire,
Trump bought 1,400 acres (570 ha), including the Menie
Balmedie , Aberdeenshire , Scotland, and created a golf
resort there. Scottish supporters emphasized potential economic
benefits, and opponents emphasized potential environmental harm to a
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). A spokesperson for the
golf course has said 95% of the SSSI is untouched. A 2011 independent
documentary, You\'ve Been Trumped , chronicled the golf resort's
construction and struggles. In 2015, an offshore windfarm being built
within sight of the golf course prompted a legal challenge by Trump,
which was dismissed by the U.K. Supreme Court . In the wake of the
Trump greatly scaled back development of this
property, and as of December 2016 Scottish officials were pushing for
completion of the far larger development as originally approved.
In April 2014,
Trump purchased the Turnberry hotel and golf resort in
Ayrshire , Scotland, which hosted the Open Championship four times
between 1977 and 2009. After extensive renovations and a remodeling
of the course by golf architect Martin Ebert, Turnberry was re-opened
in June 2016.
Hotels Outside New York
Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago
In the late 2000s and early 2010s,
The Trump Organization expanded
its footprint beyond New York with the co-development and management
of hotel towers in Chicago , Las Vegas , Washington D.C. , Panama City
, Toronto , and Vancouver . There are also Trump-branded buildings in
Dubai, Honolulu , Istanbul, Manila, Mumbai, and Indonesia.
BRANDING AND LICENSING
List of things named after Donald Trump
Trump has marketed his name on a large number of building projects
that are owned and operated by other people and companies. He has also
licensed his name for various commercial products and services. In
doing so, he achieved mixed success for himself, his partners, and
investors in the projects. In 2011,
Forbes ' financial experts
estimated the value of the
Trump brand at $200 million.
this valuation, saying his brand was worth about $3 billion.
According to an analysis by The Washington Post, there are more than
50 licensing or management deals involving Trump's name, which have
generated at least 59 million dollars in revenue for his companies.
LEGAL AFFAIRS AND BANKRUPTCIES
Legal affairs of Donald Trump
As of 2016,
Trump and his businesses had been involved in more than
3,500 state and federal legal actions. He or one of his companies was
the plaintiff in 1,900 cases and the defendant in 1,450. With
his company as plaintiff, more than half the cases have been against
gamblers at his casinos who had failed to pay off their debts. With
Trump or his company as a defendant, the most common type of case
involved personal injury cases at his hotels. In cases where there was
a clear resolution, Trump's side won 451 times and lost 38.
Trump has never filed for personal bankruptcy , but his hotel and
casino businesses have been declared bankrupt six times between 1991
and 2009 in order to re-negotiate debt with banks and owners of stock
and bonds. Because the businesses used
Chapter 11 bankruptcy , they
were allowed to operate while negotiations proceeded.
Trump was quoted
by Newsweek in 2011 saying, "I do play with the bankruptcy laws –
they're very good for me" as a tool for trimming debt.
The six bankruptcies were the result of over-leveraged hotel and
casino businesses in
Atlantic City and New York:
Trump Taj Mahal
Plaza Hotel and
Plaza Hotel (1992), Trump
Castle Hotel and
Trump Hotels and
Trump Entertainment Resorts (2009).
Trump said, "I've
used the laws of this country to pare debt ... We'll have the company.
We'll throw it into a chapter. We'll negotiate with the banks. We'll
make a fantastic deal. You know, it's like on The Apprentice. It's not
personal. It's just business."
A 2016 analysis of Trump's business career by
The Economist concluded
that his "... performance has been mediocre compared with the stock
market and property in New York", noting both his successes and
bankruptcies. A subsequent analysis by
The Washington Post
The Washington Post concluded
Trump is a mix of braggadocio, business failures, and real
success", calling his casino bankruptcies the "most infamous flop" of
his business career.
Trump took over the family real estate firm in 1971 and renamed
The Trump Organization , he greatly expanded its real estate
operations, and also ventured into numerous other business activities.
The company eventually became the umbrella organization for several
hundred individual business ventures and partnerships.
In September 1983,
Trump purchased the
New Jersey Generals —an
American football team that played in the
United States Football
League (USFL)—from oil magnate
J. Walter Duncan . The USFL played
three seasons during the spring and summer. After the 1985 season, the
organization folded due to continuous financial difficulties, despite
winning an antitrust lawsuit against the NFL .
After the Generals folded,
Trump remained involved with other sports;
he operated golf courses in several countries. At the
Trump Plaza in
Atlantic City, he hosted several boxing matches, which included Mike
Tyson\'s 1988 heavyweight championship fight against
Michael Spinks .
He also acted as a financial advisor to
Mike Tyson . In 1989 and
Trump lent his name to the Tour de
Trump cycling stage race ,
which was an attempt to create an American equivalent of European
races such as the
Tour de France
Tour de France or the Giro d\'Italia .
Miss Universe ,
Miss USA , and
Miss Teen USA
From 1996 to 2015,
Trump owned part or all of the Miss Universe
Miss Universe pageants include
Miss USA and Miss Teen
USA , and his management of this business involved his family members;
for example, daughter Ivanka once hosted Miss Teen USA.
the first female president of the
Miss Universe business in 1997.\'".
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