DENVER (/ˈdɛnvər/ ), officially the CITY AND COUNTY OF DENVER, is
the capital and most populous municipality of the
U.S. state of
Denver is in the
South Platte River Valley on the western
edge of the High Plains just east of the
Front Range of the Rocky
Mountains . The
Denver downtown district is immediately east of the
confluence of Cherry Creek with the
South Platte River , approximately
12 mi (19 km) east of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains.
nicknamed the Mile-High City because its official elevation is exactly
one mile (
5280 feet or 1609.3 meters) above sea level, making it the
highest major city in the United States. The
105th meridian west of
Greenwich , the longitudinal reference for the
Mountain Time Zone
Mountain Time Zone ,
passes directly through
Denver Union Station
Denver Union Station .
Denver is ranked as a Beta- world city by the Globalization and World
Cities Research Network . With an estimated population of 693,060 in
Denver is the 19th-most populous U.S. city , and with a 15.48%
increase since the 2010
United States Census , it has been one of the
fastest-growing major cities in the United States. The 10-county
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an
estimated 2016 population of 2,853,077 and is the 19th most populous
U.S. metropolitan statistical area . The 12-city Denver-Aurora, CO
Combined Statistical Area had an estimated 2016 population of
3,470,235 and is the 16th most populous U.S. metropolitan area .
Denver is the most populous city of the 18-county
Front Range Urban
Corridor , an oblong urban region stretching across two states with an
estimated 2016 population of 4,833,260.
Denver is the most populous
city within a 500-mile (800 km) radius and the second-most populous
city in the Mountain West after
Phoenix, Arizona . In 2016,
named the best place to live in the USA by U.S. News "> Former
Kansas Territorial Governor
James W. Denver visited his namesake city
in 1875 and in 1882. The "Bronco Buster", a variation of
Frederic Remington 's "
Bronco Buster " western sculpture at the Denver
capitol grounds, a gift from J.K. Mullen in 1920
In the summer of 1858, during the Pike\'s Peak Gold Rush , a group of
gold prospectors from
Lawrence, Kansas established
Montana City as a
mining town on the banks of the
South Platte River in what was then
Kansas Territory . This was the first historical settlement in
what was later to become the city of Denver. The site faded quickly,
however, and by the summer of 1859 it was abandoned in favor of
Auraria (named after the gold-mining town of
Auraria, Georgia ), and
St. Charles City.
On November 22, 1858, General William Larimer , a land speculator
Kansas Territory , placed cottonwood logs to stake a
claim on the bluff overlooking the confluence of the South Platte
River and Cherry Creek , across the creek from the existing mining
settlement of Auraria, and on the site of the existing townsite of St.
Charles. Larimer named the townsite
Denver City to curry favor with
Kansas Territorial Governor
James W. Denver . Larimer hoped the
town's name would help make it the county seat of
Arapaho County but,
unbeknownst to him, Governor
Denver had already resigned from office.
The location was accessible to existing trails and was across the
South Platte River from the site of seasonal encampments of the
Arapaho . The site of these first towns is now the site
Confluence Park near downtown Denver. Larimer, along with
associates in the St. Charles City Land Company, sold parcels in the
town to merchants and miners, with the intention of creating a major
city that would cater to new immigrants.
Denver City was a frontier
town, with an economy based on servicing local miners with gambling,
saloons, livestock and goods trading. In the early years, land parcels
were often traded for grubstakes or gambled away by miners in Auraria.
In May 1859,
Denver City residents donated 53 lots to the Leavenworth
"> "Pioneer Mothers of Colorado" statue at
The Denver Post
The Denver Post building
Although by the close of the 1860s,
Denver residents could look with
pride at their success establishing a vibrant supply and service
center, the decision to route the nation's first transcontinental
railroad through Cheyenne, rather than Denver, threatened the
prosperity of the young town. A daunting 100 miles away, citizens
mobilized to build a railroad to connect
Denver to the
transcontinental railroad. Spearheaded by visionary leaders including
Territorial Governor John Evans ,
David Moffat , and Walter Cheesman,
fundraising began. Within three days, $300,000 had been raised, and
citizens were optimistic. Fundraising stalled before enough was
raised, forcing these visionary leaders to take control of the
debt-ridden railroad. Despite challenges, on June 24, 1870, citizens
cheered as the
Denver Pacific completed the link to the
transcontinental railroad, ushering in a new age of prosperity for
Finally linked to the rest of the nation by rail,
Denver prospered as
a service and supply center. The young city grew during these years,
attracting millionaires with their mansions, as well as the poverty
and crime of a rapidly growing city.
Denver citizens were proud when
the rich chose
Denver and were thrilled when
Horace Tabor , the
Leadville mining millionaire, built an impressive business block at
16th and Larimer as well as the elegant Tabor Grand Opera House.
Luxurious hotels, including the much-loved Brown Palace Hotel , soon
followed, as well as splendid homes for millionaires like the Croke,
Patterson, Campbell Mansion at 11th and
Pennsylvania and the
now-demolished Moffat Mansion at 8th and Grant. Intent on
Denver into one of the world's great cities, leaders
wooed industry and enticed laborers to work in these factories. Soon,
in addition to the elite and a large middle class,
Denver had a
growing population of German, Italian, and Chinese laborers, soon
followed by African-Americans and Spanish-surnamed workers. Unprepared
for this influx, the Silver Crash of 1893 unsettled political, social,
and economic balances, laying the foundation for ethnic bigotry, such
as the Red Scare and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan, as well as
corruption and crime. Panorama print of Denver, 1898
Between 1880 and 1895 the city experienced a huge rise in corruption,
as crime bosses, such as
Soapy Smith , worked side by side with
elected officials and the police to control elections, gambling, and
bunco gangs . The city also experienced a depression in 1893 after
the crash of silver prices. In 1887, the precursor to the
international charity United Way was formed in
Denver by local
religious leaders who raised funds and coordinated various charities
to help Denver's poor. By 1890,
Denver had grown to be the
second-largest city west of
Omaha, Nebraska . In 1900, whites
represented 96.8% of Denver's population.
Between the 1880s and 1930s, Denver's floriculture industry developed
and thrived. This period became known locally as the Carnation Gold
In 1901, the
Colorado General Assembly voted to split Arapahoe County
into three parts: a new consolidated City and County of Denver, a new
Adams County , and the remainder of the Arapahoe County to be renamed
South Arapahoe County . A ruling by the
Colorado Supreme Court ,
subsequent legislation, and a referendum delayed the creation of the
City and County of
Denver until November 15, 1902.
Early in the 20th century, Denver, like many other cities, was home
to a pioneering
Brass Era car company. The Colburn Automobile Company
made cars copied from one of its contemporaries,
From 1953 to 1989, the
Rocky Flats Plant
Rocky Flats Plant , a DOE nuclear weapon
facility that was about 15 miles from Denver, produced fissile
plutonium "pits " for nuclear warheads . A major fire at the facility
in 1957, as well as leakage from nuclear waste stored at the site
between 1958 and 1968, resulted in the contamination of some parts of
Denver , to varying degrees, with plutonium-239 , a harmful
radioactive substance with a half-life of 24,200 years. A study by
the Jefferson County health director, Dr. Carl Johnson, in 1981,
linked the contamination to an increase in birth defects and cancer
incidence in central
Denver and nearer Rocky Flats. Later studies
confirmed many of his findings.
Plutonium contamination was still
present outside the former plant site as of August 2010 , and
presents risks to building the envisioned Jefferson Parkway, which
would complete Denver's automotive beltway . Downtown Denver
cityscape, 1964. Includes Denver's oldest church (Trinity United
Methodist), first building of the Mile High Center complex, Lincoln
Center, old brownstone part of the Brown Palace Hotel, and
Cosmopolitan Hotel – since demolished.
Denver was selected to host the
1976 Winter Olympics to
coincide with Colorado's centennial celebration, but in November 1972,
Colorado voters struck down ballot initiatives allocating public funds
to pay for the high costs of the games, which were subsequently moved
Innsbruck , Austria. The notoriety of becoming the only city ever
to decline to host an Olympiad after being selected has made
subsequent bids difficult. The movement against hosting the games was
based largely on environmental issues and was led by State
Richard Lamm , who was subsequently elected to three
terms (1975–87) as
Colorado governor .
Denver explored a potential
bid for the
2022 Winter Olympics , but no bid will be submitted. In
Denver adopted a comprehensive update of its zoning code. The
new zoning was developed to guide development as envisioned in adopted
plans such as Blueprint Denver, Transit Oriented Development
Strategic Plan, Greenprint Denver, and the Strategic Transportation
Denver has hosted the
Democratic National Convention twice, in 1908
and again in 2008 , taking the opportunity to promote the city's
status on the national, political, and socioeconomic stage. On August
Denver hosted the 6th World Youth Day , which was
attended by an estimated 500,000, making it the largest gathering in
Denver has also been known historically as the Queen City of the
Plains and the Queen City of the West, because of its important role
in the agricultural industry of the High Plains region in eastern
Colorado and along the foothills of the
Front Range . Several
US Navy ships have been named
USS Denver in honor of the city.
Geography of Denver Panorama of
Denver in early
May, as seen from the
Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Snow-capped
Mount Evans can be seen to the left beyond the city skyline.
Aerial photograph of
Denver from the northwest Downtown Denver
in 2007, looking southeast from the Highland neighborhood
Denver on a typical January morning
Denver is in the center of the
Front Range Urban Corridor , between
Rocky Mountains to the west and the High Plains to the east.
Denver's topography consists of plains in the city center with hilly
areas to the north, west and south. According to the United States
Census Bureau the city has a total area of 155 square miles (401 km2),
of which 153 square miles (396 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1
km2) (1.1%) is water. The City and County of
Denver is surrounded by
only three other counties: Adams County to the north and east,
Arapahoe County to the south and east, and Jefferson County to the
Although Denver's nickname is the "Mile-High City" because its
official elevation is one mile above sea level, defined by the
elevation of the spot of a benchmark on the steps of the State Capitol
building, the elevation of the entire city ranges from 5,130 to 5,690
feet (1,560 to 1,730 m). According to Geographic Names Information
System (GNIS) and the
National Elevation Dataset , the city's
elevation is 5,278 feet (1,609 m), which is reflected on various
websites such as the
National Weather Service .
List of Denver neighborhoods Denver's 78 official
As of January 2013, the City and County of
Denver has defined 78
official neighborhoods that the city and community groups use for
planning and administration. Although the city's delineation of the
neighborhood boundaries is somewhat arbitrary, it corresponds roughly
to the definitions used by residents. These "neighborhoods" should not
be confused with cities or suburbs, which may be separate entities
within the metro area.
The character of the neighborhoods varies significantly from one to
another and includes everything from large skyscrapers to houses from
the late 19th century to modern, suburban-style developments.
Generally, the neighborhoods closest to the city center are denser,
older and contain more brick building material. Many neighborhoods
away from the city center were developed after World War II, and are
built with more modern materials and style. Some of the neighborhoods
even farther from the city center, or recently redeveloped parcels
anywhere in the city, have either very suburban characteristics or are
new urbanist developments that attempt to recreate the feel of older
neighborhoods. Most neighborhoods contain parks or other features that
are the focal point of the neighborhood.
Denver does not have larger area designations, unlike the City of
Chicago , which has larger areas that house the neighborhoods (IE:
Denver residents use the terms "north", "south",
"east", and "west". Construction along Cherokee Street in the
Golden Triangle neighborhood.
Denver also has a number of neighborhoods not reflected in the
administrative boundaries. These neighborhoods may reflect the way
people in an area identify themselves or they might reflect how
others, such as real estate developers, have defined those areas.
Well-known non-administrative neighborhoods include the historic and
LoDo (short for "Lower Downtown"), part of the city's Union
Station neighborhood ; Uptown, straddling North Capitol Hill and City
Park West ; Curtis Park, part of the Five Points neighborhood; Alamo
Placita , the northern part of the Speer neighborhood ; Park Hill , a
successful example of intentional racial integration; and Golden
Triangle , in the Civic Center.
ADJACENT COUNTIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND CDP S
NORTH: ADAMS COUNTY , Berkley , Northglenn , Commerce City
WEST: JEFFERSON COUNTY , Wheat Ridge , Lakeside , Mountain View ,
Edgewater , Lakewood , Dakota Ridge
ENCLAVE: ARAPAHOE COUNTY , Glendale , Holly Hills ADAMS COUNTY
SOUTH: ARAPAHOE COUNTY , Bow Mar , Littleton , Sheridan , Englewood
, Cherry Hills Village , Greenwood Village , Aurora
View of downtown
Denver after a snowstorm in March 2016, looking
Cheesman Park .
Denver lies within the semi-arid , continental climate zone (Köppen
climate classification BSk ). It has four distinct seasons and
receives a modest amount of precipitation spread throughout the year.
Due to its inland location on the High Plains , at the foot of the
Rocky Mountains , Denver, like all cities along the eastern edge of
the Rocky Mountains, is subject to sudden changes in weather.
Contrary to the popular belief that
Denver receives 300 days of
sunshine a year, the city can actually expect to receive an average of
115 clear days, 130 partly cloudy days, and 120 cloudy days each year.
July is the warmest month, with a daily average temperature of 74.2
°F (23.4 °C). Summers range from mild to hot with occasional,
sometimes severe, afternoon thunderstorms and high temperatures
reaching 90 °F (32 °C) on 38 days annually, and occasionally 100 °F
(38 °C). December, the coldest month of the year, has a daily average
temperature of 29.9 °F (−1.2 °C). Winters consist of periods of
snow and very low temperatures alternating with periods of milder
weather due to the warming effect of Chinook winds . In winter,
daytime highs can exceed 60 °F (16 °C) but can also often fail to
reach 32 °F (0 °C) during periods of cold weather and can even fail
to rise above 0 °F (−18 °C) on rare occasions. On the coldest
nights of the year, lows can easily fall to −10 °F (−23 °C) or
below. Snowfall is common throughout the late fall, winter and early
spring, averaging 53.5 inches (136 cm) for 1981–2010. The average
window for measurable (≥0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snow is October 17
through April 27; although, measurable snowfall has fallen in Denver
as early as September 4 and as late as June 3. Extremes in temperature
range from −29 °F (−34 °C) on January 9, 1875, up to 105 °F (41
°C) as recently as June 25 and 26, 2012 . Due to the city's high
elevation and aridity, diurnal temperature variation is large
throughout the year.
Tornadoes are rare west of the I-25 corridor; however, one notable
exception was an F3 tornado that struck 4.4 miles south of downtown on
June 15, 1988. On the other hand, the suburbs east of
Denver and the
city's east-northeastern extension (
Denver International Airport
Denver International Airport ) can
see a few tornadoes, often weak landspout tornadoes, each spring and
summer—especially during June with the enhancement of the Denver
Convergence Vorticity Zone (DCVZ). The DCVZ, also known as the Denver
Cyclone, is a variable vortex of storm-forming air flow usually found
north and east of downtown, and which often includes the airport.
Heavy weather from the DCVZ can disrupt airport operations. In a
study looking at hail events in areas with a population of at least
Denver was found to be ranked 10th most prone to hail storms
in the continental
United States . In fact,
Denver has received three
of the top 10 costliest hailstorms in
United States history which
occurred on July 11, 1990, July 20, 2009, and May 8th, 2017
Based on 30-year averages obtained from
NOAA 's National Climatic
Data Center for the months of December, January and February, Weather
Denver the 18th coldest major U.S. city as of 2014 .
CLIMATE DATA FOR DENVER (DIA ), 1981−2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES
RECORD HIGH °F (°C)
MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C)
AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C)
DAILY MEAN °F (°C)
AVERAGE LOW °F (°C)
MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C)
RECORD LOW °F (°C)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM)
AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN)
AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN)
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE
NOAA (sun 1961−1990)
Demographics of Denver
U.S. Decennial Census
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
Map of racial distribution in Denver, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot
is 25 people: WHITE, BLACK, ASIAN HISPANIC, or OTHER (yellow)
As of the 2010 census , the population of the City and County of
Denver was 600,158, making it the 24th most populous U.S. city . The
Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area had an
estimated 2013 population of 2,697,476 and ranked as the 21st most
populous U.S. metropolitan statistical area , and the larger
Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area had an estimated 2013
population of 3,277,309 and ranked as the 16th most populous U.S.
metropolitan area .
Denver is the most populous city within a radius
centered in the city and of 550 miles (885 km) magnitude. Denverites
is a term used for residents of Denver.
According to the 2010 census , the City and County of
600,158 people and 285,797 households. The population density is 3,698
inhabitants per square mile (1,428/km²) including the airport. There
are 285,797 housing units at an average density of 1,751 per square
mile (676/km²). However, the average density throughout most Denver
neighborhoods tends to be higher. Without the 80249 zip code (47.3 sq
mi, 8,407 residents) near the airport, the average density increases
to around 5,470 per square mile.
According to the 2010
United States Census , the racial composition
Denver was as follows:
* White : 68.9% (
Non-Hispanic Whites : 52.2%)
* Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 31.8%; Mexican Americans made up
24.9% of the city's population.
* Black or
African American : 10.2%
* Asian : 3.4% (0.8% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.5% Indian, 0.3%
Korean, 0.3% Japanese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Burmese, 0.1% Cambodian)
* Native American : 1.4%
* Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander : 0.1%
* Some other race: 9.2%
* Two or more races : 4.1%
Approximately 70.3% of the population (over five years old) spoke
only English at home. An additional 23.5% of the population spoke
Spanish at home. In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were Mexican , 14.6% of
the population were of German ancestry, 9.7% were of Irish ancestry,
8.9% were of English ancestry, and 4.0% were of Italian ancestry.
There are 250,906 households, of which 23.2% have children under the
age of 18 living with them, 34.7% are married couples living together,
10.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 50.1% are
non-families. 39.3% of all households are made up of individuals and
9.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The
average household size is 2.27 and the average family size is 3.14.
Age distribution is 22.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24,
36.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who are 65 years
of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females
there are 102.1 males. Due to a skewed sex ratio wherein single men
outnumber single women, some protologists have nicknamed the city as
The median household income is $45,438, and the median family income
is $48,195. Males have a median income of $36,232 versus $33,768 for
females. The per capita income for the city is $24,101. 19.1% of the
population and 14.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of
the total population, 25.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.7% of
those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
As of 2010 , 72.28% (386,815) of
Denver residents aged five and older
spoke only English at home, while 21.42% (114,635) spoke Spanish ,
0.85% (4,550) Vietnamese , 0.57% (3,073)
African languages , 0.53%
(2,845) Russian , 0.50% (2,681) Chinese , 0.47% (2,527) French , and
0.46% (2,465) German . In total, 27.72% (148,335) of Denver's
population aged five and older spoke a language other than English.
Panorama of downtown Denver, circa 2006, looking east along Speer
According to a report in the Journal of the American Medical
Association , residents of
Denver had a 2014 life expectancy of 80.02
List of tallest buildings in Denver Republic Plaza ,
Colorado's tallest building Construction in Denver's booming
Union Station neighborhood The 17th street district includes
many financial, business and corporate buildings. The United
States Mint in
Denver MSA has a gross metropolitan product of $157.6 billion in
2010, making it the 18th largest metro economy in the United States.
Denver's economy is based partially on its geographic position and its
connection to some of the country's major transportation systems.
Denver is the largest city within 500 miles (800 km), it has
become a natural location for storage and distribution of goods and
services to the
Mountain States , Southwest states , as well as all
western states . Another benefit for distribution is that
nearly equidistant from large cities of the Midwest , such as Chicago
St. Louis and some large cities of the West Coast , such as Los
Angeles and San Francisco.
Over the years, the city has been home to other large corporations in
the central United States, making
Denver a key trade point for the
country. Several well-known companies originated in or have relocated
to Denver. William Ainsworth opened the
Denver Instrument Company in
1895 to make analytical balances for gold assayers. Its factory is now
in Arvada .
AIMCO (NYSE: AIV)—the largest owner and operator of
apartment communities in the United States, with approximately 870
communities comprising nearly 136,000 units in 44 states—is
headquartered in Denver, employing approximately 3,500 people. Also
Samsonite Corp., the world's largest luggage manufacturer, began in
Denver in 1910 as Shwayder Trunk Manufacturing Company, but Samsonite
closed its NE
Denver factory in 2001, and moved its headquarters to
Massachusetts after a change of ownership in 2006. The Mountain States
Telephone the company is based in Denver. The
Gates Corporation , the
world's largest producer of automotive belts and hoses, was
established in S.
Denver in 1919.
Russell Stover Candies Inc. made its
first chocolate candy in
Denver in 1923, but moved to
Kansas City in
1969. The Wright Frontier was reincarnated at DIA in 1994. Scott's
Liquid Gold, Inc., has been making furniture polish in
Village Inn restaurants began as a single pancake house in
Denver in 1958.
Big O Tires , LLC, of Centennial opened its first
franchise in 1962 in Denver.
The Shane Company sold its first diamond
jewelry in 1971 in Denver. Johns Manville Corp., a manufacturer of
insulation and roofing products, relocated its headquarters to Denver
from New York in 1972.
CH2M HILL Inc., an engineering and construction
firm, relocated from
Oregon to the
Denver Technological Center in
Ball Corporation sold its glass business in
Indiana in the
1990s and moved to suburban Broomfield ; Ball has several operations
in greater Denver.
Molson Coors Brewing Company established its U.S. headquarters in
Denver in 2005. Its subsidiary and regional wholesale distributor,
Coors Distributing Company, is in NW Denver. The Newmont Mining
Corporation , the second-largest gold producer in
North America and
one of the largest in the world, is headquartered in Denver. MapQuest
, an online site for maps, directions and business listings, is
headquartered in Denver's
Large Denver-area employers that have headquarters elsewhere include
Lockheed Martin Corp.,
United Airlines ,
Kroger Co. and
Xcel Energy ,
Inc. Development in the bustling Union Station section of
Geography also allows
Denver to have a considerable government
presence, with many federal agencies based or having offices in the
Denver area. Along with federal agencies come many companies based on
US defense and space projects, and more jobs are brought to the city
by virtue of its being the capital of the state of
Colorado . The
Denver area is home to the former nuclear weapons plant Rocky Flats ,
Denver Federal Center , Byron G. Rogers Federal Building and
United States Courthouse , the
Denver Mint , and the National
Renewable Energy Laboratory .
In 2005, a $310.7 million expansion for the
Center was completed, doubling its size. The hope was the center's
expansion would elevate the city to one of the top 10 cities in the
nation for holding a convention.
Denver's position near the mineral-rich
Rocky Mountains encouraged
mining and energy companies to spring up in the area. In the early
days of the city, gold and silver booms and busts played a large role
in the city's economic success. In the 1970s and early 1980s, the
energy crisis in America and resulting high oil prices created an
energy boom in
Denver captured in the soap opera Dynasty .
built up considerably during this time with the construction of many
new downtown skyscrapers. When the price of oil dropped from $34 a
barrel in 1981 to $9 a barrel in 1986, the
Denver economy also
dropped, leaving almost 15,000 oil industry workers in the area
unemployed (including former mayor and current governor John
Hickenlooper , a former geologist), and the nation's highest office
vacancy rate (30%). The industry has recovered and the region has 700
employed petroleum engineers. Advances in hydraulic fracturing have
made the DJ Basin of
Colorado into an accessible and lucrative oil
play. Energy and mining are still important in Denver's economy today,
with companies such as
Smith International ,
Rio Tinto Group ,
Newmont Mining ,
Noble Energy , and Anadarko
headquartered or having significant operations. The first
Chipotle Mexican Grill, near the campus of the
University of Denver
Denver's west-central geographic location in the Mountain Time Zone
(UTC−7) also benefits the telecommunications industry by allowing
communication with both North American coasts, South America, Europe,
and Asia in the same business day. Denver's location on the 105th
meridian at over one mile (1.6 km) in elevation also enables it to be
the largest city in the U.S. to offer a "one-bounce" real-time
satellite uplink to six continents in the same business day. Qwest
Dish Network Corporation , Starz-Encore ,
Comcast are a few of the many telecommunications companies with
operations in the
Denver area. These and other high-tech companies had
a boom in
Denver in the mid to late 1990s. After a rise in
unemployment in the
Great Recession , Denver's unemployment rate
recovered and had one of the lowest unemployment rates in the nation
at 2.6% in November 2016. As of December 2016, the unemployment rate
for the Denver-Aurora-Broomfield MSA is 2.6%. The Downtown region has
seen increased real estate investment with the construction of
several new skyscrapers from 2010 onward and major development around
Denver Union Station
Denver Union Station .
Denver has also enjoyed success as a pioneer in the fast-casual
restaurant industry, with many popular national chain restaurants
founded and based in Denver.
Chipotle Mexican Grill ,
Quiznos , and
Smashburger were founded and headquartered in Denver. Qdoba Mexican
Noodles & Company , and Good Times Burgers ">
Denver ranked No. 1 on
Forbes ' list of the Best Places for
Business and Careers.
CULTURE AND CONTEMPORARY LIFE
Landmarks of Denver and
Music in Denver Colorado
Denver Pavilions is a popular arts,
entertainment, and shopping center on the
16th Street Mall in downtown
Denver Performing Arts Complex
Denver Performing Arts Complex
Apollo Hall opened soon after the city's founding in 1859 and staged
many plays for eager settlers. In the 1880s
Horace Tabor built
Denver's first opera house . After the start of the 20th century, city
leaders embarked on a city beautification program that created many of
the city's parks, parkways, museums, and the Municipal Auditorium,
which was home to the 1908
Democratic National Convention and is now
known as the
Ellie Caulkins Opera House
Ellie Caulkins Opera House .
Denver and the metropolitan
areas around it continued to support culture. In 1988, voters in the
Denver Metropolitan Area approved the Scientific and Cultural
Facilities Tax (commonly known as SCFD), a 0.1% (1 cent per $10) sales
tax that contributes money to various cultural and scientific
facilities and organizations throughout the Metro area. The tax was
renewed by voters in 1994 and 2004 and allows the SCFD to operate
Denver has many nationally recognized museums, including a new wing
Denver Art Museum
Denver Art Museum by world-renowned architect Daniel Libeskind
, the second largest Performing Arts Center in the nation after
Lincoln Center in
New York City
New York City and bustling neighborhoods such as
LoDo , filled with art galleries, restaurants, bars and clubs. That is
part of the reason why
Denver was, in 2006, recognized for the third
year in a row as the best city for singles. Denver's neighborhoods
also continue their influx of diverse people and businesses while the
city's cultural institutions grow and prosper. The city acquired the
estate of abstract expressionist painter
Clyfford Still in 2004 and
built a museum to exhibit his works near the
Denver Art Museum. The
Denver Museum of Nature and Science holds an aquamarine specimen
valued at over $1 million, as well as specimens of the state mineral,
rhodochrosite. Every September the
Denver Mart, at 451 E. 58th Avenue,
hosts a gem and mineral show. The state history museum, History
Colorado Center , opened in April 2012. It features hands-on and
interactive exhibits, artifacts and programs about
It was named in 2013 by
True West Magazine as one of the top-ten "must
see" history museums in the country. History Colorado's Byers-Evans
House Museum and the
Molly Brown House are nearby.
Denver has numerous art districts around the city, including Denver's
Art District on Santa Fe and the River North Art District (RiNo).
The Santa Fe Arts District on Santa Fe Drive
Sakura Square in
Denver may not be as recognized for historical musical
prominence as some other American cities, it has an active pop, jazz ,
jam , folk , and classical music scene, which has nurtured several
artists and genres to regional, national, and even international
attention. Of particular note is Denver's importance in the folk scene
of the 1960s and 1970s. Well-known folk artists such as
Bob Dylan ,
Judy Collins and
John Denver lived in
Denver at various points during
this time, and performed at local clubs. Also, three members of the
widely popular group
Earth, Wind, and Fire are from Denver. More
recent Denver-based artists include
The Lumineers ,
Air Dubai , The
Cephalic Carnage ,
Axe Murder Boyz ,
Deuce Mob , and
Five Iron Frenzy .
Because of its proximity to the mountains and generally sunny
Denver has gained a reputation as being a very active,
outdoor-oriented city. Many
Denver residents spend the weekends in the
mountains; skiing in the winter and hiking, climbing, kayaking, and
camping in the summer.
Denver and surrounding cities are home to a large number of local and
national breweries. Many of the region's restaurants have on-site
breweries, and some larger brewers offer tours, including Coors and
New Belgium Brewing Company . The city also welcomes visitors from
around the world when it hosts the annual Great American Beer Festival
Denver used to be a major trading center for beef and livestock when
ranchers would drive (or later transport) cattle to the
Stockyards for sale. As a celebration of that history, for more than a
Denver has hosted the annual
National Western Stock Show ,
attracting as many as 10,000 animals and 700,000 attendees. The show
is held every January at the National Western Complex northeast of
Denver has one of the country's largest populations of Mexican
Americans and hosts four large
Mexican American celebrations: Cinco de
Mayo (with over 500,000 attendees), in May, El Grito de la
Independencia , in September, the annual
Lowrider show, and the Dia De
Los Muertos art shows/events in North Denver's Highland neighborhood,
and the Lincoln Park neighborhood in the original section of West
Denver is also famous for its dedication to
New Mexican cuisine
New Mexican cuisine and
the chile. It's best known for its green and red chile sauce, Colorado
burrito , Southwest (Denver) omelette , breakfast burrito, chiles
rellenos , and tamales .
Denver is also well known for other types of
food such as
Rocky Mountain oysters , rainbow trout , and the Denver
Dragon Boat Festival in July,
Moon Festival in September and
Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year are annual events in
Denver for the Chinese and Asian
residents. Chinese hot pot (huo guo) and Korean BBQ restaurants have
been growing in popularity. The
Denver area has 2 Chinese newspapers,
the Chinese American Post and the
Colorado Chinese News.
Denver is the setting for
The Bill Engvall Show , and the 18th season
The Real World
The Real World . It was also the setting for the prime time
drama Dynasty from 1981 to 1989 (although the show was mostly filmed
in Los Angeles). From 1998 to 2002 the city's Alameda East Veterinary
Hospital was home to the
Animal Planet series
Emergency Vets , which
spun off three documentary specials and the current Animal Planet
E-Vet Interns . The city is also the setting for the Disney
Good Luck Charlie .
Sports in Denver Sports Authority Field
Coors Field Dick\'s Sporting Goods Park
Denver is home to a variety of sports teams and is one of the U.S.
cities with teams from four major sports (the
Denver metro area is the
smallest metropolitan area to have a team in all four major sports).
Denver Broncos of the
National Football League
National Football League have drawn crowds
of over 70,000 since their origins in the early 1960s, and continue to
draw fans today to their current home Sports Authority Field at Mile
High . The Broncos have sold out every home game (except for
strike-replacement games) since 1970. The Broncos have advanced to
eight Super Bowls and won back-to-back titles in 1997 and 1998, and
won again in 2015.
Colorado Rockies were created as an expansion franchise in 1993
Coors Field opened in 1995. The Rockies advanced to the playoffs
that year, but were eliminated in the first round. In 2007, they
advanced to the playoffs as a wild-card entrant, won the NL
Championship Series, and brought the
World Series to
Denver for the
first time but were swept in four games by the
Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox .
Denver has been home to two
National Hockey League
National Hockey League teams. The
Colorado Rockies played from 1976 to 1982, but became the New Jersey
Devils . The
Colorado Avalanche joined in 1995, after relocating from
Quebec City. While in Denver, they have won two Stanley Cups in 1996
and in 2001. The
Denver Nuggets joined the American Basketball
Association in 1967 and the
National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association in 1976.
The Avalanche and Nuggets have played at
Pepsi Center since 1999. The
Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer team
Colorado Rapids play in Dick\'s Sporting
Goods Park , an 18,000-seat soccer-specific stadium opened for the
2007 MLS season in the
Denver suburb of Commerce City. The Rapids won
the MLS Cup in 2010.
Major League sports teams
Sports Authority Field
1997, 1998, 2015
Dick\'s Sporting Goods Park
Denver has several additional professional teams. In 2006 Denver
established a Major League Lacrosse team, the
Denver Outlaws . They
Sports Authority Field at Mile High . In 2006, the Denver
Outlaws won the Western Conference Championship. The
of the National Lacrosse League play at the Pepsi Center.
Denver submitted the winning bid to host the
1976 Winter Olympics but
subsequently withdrew, giving it the dubious distinction of being the
only city to back out after having won its bid to host the Olympics.
Colorado Springs hosted the 1962 World Ice Hockey
PARKS AND RECREATION
As of 2006 ,
Denver had over 200 parks, from small mini-parks all
over the city to the giant 314 acres (1.27 km2) City Park . Denver
also has 29 recreation centers providing places and programming for
resident's recreation and relaxation. Chess players on the 16th
Many of Denver's parks were acquired from state lands in the late
19th and early 20th centuries. This coincided with the City Beautiful
Denver mayor Robert Speer (1904–12 and 1916–18) set
out to expand and beautify the city's parks. Reinhard Schuetze was the
city's first landscape architect , and he brought his German-educated
landscaping genius to Washington Park ,
Cheesman Park , and City Park
among others. Speer used Schuetze as well as other landscape
architects such as
Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and
Saco Rienk DeBoer to
design not only parks such as Civic Center Park , but many city
parkways and tree-lawns. All of this greenery was fed with South
Platte River water diverted through the city ditch. Cheesman
Park started as a cemetery. City Park
In addition to the parks within Denver, the city acquired land for
mountain parks starting in the 1911s. Over the years,
acquired, built and maintained approximately 14,000 acres (57 km2) of
mountain parks, including
Red Rocks Park , which is known for its
scenery and musical history revolving around the unique Red Rocks
Denver also owns the mountain on which the Winter
Park Resort ski area operates in Grand County , 67 miles (110 km) west
of Denver. City parks are important places for Denverites and
visitors, inciting controversy with every change.
Denver continues to
grow its park system with the development of many new parks along the
Platte River through the city, and with Central Park and Bluff Lake
Nature Center in the Stapleton neighborhood redevelopment. All of
these parks are important gathering places for residents and allow
what was once a dry plain to be lush, active, and green.
also home to a large network of public community gardens , most of
which are managed by
Denver Urban Gardens , a non-profit organization.
Genesee Park is the largest of the
Denver Mountain Parks.
Denver and the surrounding jurisdictions have
rehabilitated the urban
South Platte River and its tributaries for
recreational use by hikers and cyclists. The main stem of the South
Platte River Greenway runs along the South Platte from Chatfield
Reservoir 35 miles (56 km) into Adams County in the north. The
Greenway project is recognized as one of the best urban reclamation
projects in the U.S., winning, for example, the Silver Medal Rudy
Bruner Award for Urban Excellence in 2001.
In its 2013 ParkScore ranking, The
Trust for Public Land , a national
land conservation organization, reported
Denver had the 17th best park
system among the 50 most populous U.S. cities.
Government of Denver
Denver City and County
Building (circa 1941), looking west.
Denver City Hall lit up
with Christmas lights, 1955.
Colorado State Capitol looking
Denver is a consolidated city-county with a mayor elected on a
nonpartisan ballot, a 13-member city council and an auditor . The
Denver City Council is elected from 11 districts with two at-large
council-members and is responsible for passing and changing all laws,
resolutions, and ordinances, usually after a public hearing, and can
also call for misconduct investigations of Denver's departmental
officials. All elected officials have four-year terms, with a maximum
of three terms. The current mayor is Michael Hancock .
Denver has a strong mayor/weak city council government. The mayor can
approve or veto any ordinances or resolutions approved by the council,
makes sure all contracts with the city are kept and performed, signs
all bonds and contracts, is responsible for the city budget, and can
appoint people to various city departments, organizations, and
commissions. However, the council can override the mayor's veto with a
nine out of thirteen member vote, and the city budget must be approved
and can be changed by a simple majority vote of the council. The
auditor checks all expenditures and may refuse to allow specific ones,
usually based on financial reasons.
Denver Department of Safety oversees three branches: the Denver
Police Department ,
Denver Fire Department , and
Department . The
Denver County Court is an integrated
Court and Municipal Court and is managed by
Denver instead of the
by party in presidential elections
Denver elections are non-partisan, Democrats have long
dominated the city's politics; most citywide officials are known to be
Democrats. The mayor's office has been occupied by a Democrat since
the 1963 municipal election. All of the city's seats in the state
legislature are held by Democrats.
In federal elections, Denverites also tend to vote for Democratic
candidates, voting for the Democratic Presidential nominee in every
election since 1960, excluding 1972 and 1980. At the federal level,
Denver is the heart of Colorado\'s 1st congressional district , which
includes all of
Denver and parts of Arapahoe County . It is
represented by Democrat
Diana DeGette .
Benjamin F. Stapleton was the mayor of Denver, Colorado, for two
periods, the first from 1923 to 1931 and the second from 1935 to 1947.
Stapleton was responsible for many civic improvements, notably during
his second stint as mayor when he had access to funds and manpower
New Deal . During this time, the park system was considerably
expanded and the Civic Center completed. His signature project was the
Denver Municipal Airport, which began in 1929 amidst
heavy criticism. It was later renamed Stapleton International Airport
in his honor. Today, the airport has been replaced by a neighborhood
also named Stapleton. Stapleton Street continues to bear his name.
During the 1960s and 1970s,
Denver was one of the epicenters of the
Chicano Movement . The boxer-turned-activist Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales
formed an organization called the Crusade for Justice, which battled
police brutality, fought for bilingual education, and, most notably,
hosted the First National Chicano Youth Liberation Conference in March
In recent years,
Denver has taken a stance on helping people who are
or become homeless , particularly under the administrations of mayors
John Hickenlooper and
Wellington Webb . At a rate of 19 homeless per
10,000 residents in 2011 as compared to 50 or more per 10,000
residents for the four metro areas with the highest rate of
homelessness, Denver's homeless population and rate of homeless are
both considerably lower than many other major cities. However,
residents of the city streets suffer
Denver winters - which, although
mild and dry much of the time, can have brief periods of extremely
cold temperatures and snow.
Denver became the first major city in the U.S. to vote to
make the private possession of less than an ounce of marijuana legal
for adults 21 and older. The city voted 53.5 percent in favor of the
marijuana legalization measure, which, as then-mayor John Hickenlooper
pointed out, was without effect, because the city cannot usurp state
law, which at that time treated marijuana possession in much the same
way as a speeding ticket, with fines of up to $100 and no jail time.
Denver passed an initiative in the fourth quarter of 2007 requiring
the mayor to appoint an 11-member review panel to monitor the city's
compliance with the 2005 ordinance. In 2012,
Colorado Amendment 64
was signed into law by Governor
John Hickenlooper and at the beginning
Colorado became the first state to allow the sale of marijuana
for recreational use.
John Hickenlooper was a member of the Mayors
Against Illegal Guns Coalition , an organization formed in 2006 and
New York City
New York City mayor
Michael Bloomberg and
Thomas Menino .
Denver hosted the 2008
Democratic National Convention , which was the
centennial of the city's first hosting of the landmark 1908
convention. It also hosted the G7 (now G8) summit between June 20 and
22 in 1997 and the 2000 National Convention of the Green Party .
On October 31, 2011 it was announced The
University of Denver in
Denver would host the first of three 2012 presidential debates to be
held on October 3, 2012.
The City and County of
Denver levies an Occupational Privilege Tax
(OPT or head tax) on employers and employees.
* If any employee performs work in the city limits and is paid over
$500 for that work in a single month, the employee and employer are
both liable for the OPT regardless of where the main business office
is located or headquartered.
* The employer is liable for $4 per employee per month and the
employee is liable for $5.75 per month.
* It is the employer's responsibility to withhold, remit, and file
the OPT returns. If an employer does not comply, the employer can be
held liable for both portions of the OPT as well as penalties and
The Ritchie Center at
University of Denver See also: List of
higher education institutions in
Denver Public Schools (DPS) is the public school system in Denver. It
educates about 73,000 students in 73 elementary schools, 15 K-8
schools, 17 middle schools , 14 high schools, and 19 charter schools .
The first school of what is now DPS was a log cabin that opened in
1859 on the corner of 12th Street between Market and Larimer Streets.
The district boundaries are coextensive with the city limits. The
Cherry Creek School District serves some areas with
addresses that are outside the city limits.
Denver's many colleges and universities range in age and study
programs. Three major public schools constitute the
Auraria Campus ,
Denver , Metropolitan State University of
Denver , and
Community College of Denver
Community College of Denver . The private University of
Denver was the first institution of higher learning in the city and
was founded in 1864. Other prominent
Denver higher education
institutions include Johnson "> Dawn over downtown
Denver and the
Front Range to the south
Street system of Denver
Colfax Avenue at
Broadway, where the downtown street grid and the "normal" city grid
Colfax Avenue carries U.S. Highway 40 through Denver.
Denver has a straightforward street grid oriented to the four
cardinal directions . Blocks are usually identified in hundreds from
the median streets, identified as "00", which are Broadway (the
east–west median, running north–south) and Ellsworth Avenue (the
north–south median, running east–west).
Colfax Avenue , a major
east–west artery through Denver, is 15 blocks (1500) north of the
median. Avenues north of Ellsworth are numbered (with the exception of
Colfax Avenue and several others, such as Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd
and Montview Blvd.), while avenues south of Ellsworth are named.
There is also an older downtown grid system that was designed to be
parallel to the confluence of the
South Platte River and Cherry Creek
. Most of the streets downtown and in
LoDo run northeast–southwest
and northwest–southeast. This system has an unplanned benefit for
snow removal; if the streets were in a normal N–S/E–W grid, only
the N–S streets would receive sunlight. With the grid oriented to
the diagonal directions, the NW–SE streets receive sunlight to melt
snow in the morning and the NE–SW streets receive it in the
afternoon. This idea was from Henry Brown the founder of the Brown
Palace Hotel . There is now a plaque across the street from the Brown
Palace Hotel which honors this idea. The NW–SE streets are numbered,
while the NE–SW streets are named. The named streets start at the
Colfax Avenue and Broadway with the block-long
Cheyenne Place. The numbered streets start underneath the Colfax and
I-25 viaducts. There are 27 named and 44 numbered streets on this
grid. There are also a few vestiges of the old grid system in the
normal grid, such as Park Avenue, Morrison Road, and Speer Boulevard.
Larimer Street, named after
William Larimer, Jr. , the founder of
Denver, which is in the heart of
LoDo , is the oldest street in
Denver. Speer Boulevard runs north and south through downtown
All roads in the downtown grid system are streets (e.g. 16th Street ,
Stout Street). Roads outside that system that travel east/west are
given the suffix "avenue" and those that head north and south are
given the "street" suffix (e.g. Colfax Avenue, Lincoln Street).
Boulevards are higher capacity streets and travel any direction (more
commonly north and south). Smaller roads are sometimes referred to as
places, drives (though not all drives are smaller capacity roads, some
are major thoroughfares) or courts. Most streets outside the area
between Broadway and
Colorado Boulevard are organized alphabetically
from the city's center.
Denver streets have bicycle lanes , leaving a patchwork of
disjointed routes throughout the city. There are over 850 miles of
paved, off-road, bike paths in
Denver parks and along bodies of water,
like Cherry Creek and the South Platte. This allows for a significant
portion of Denver's population to be bicycle commuters and has led to
Denver being known as a bicycle-friendly city. Some local residents
are very opposed to bike lanes, which have caused some plans to be
watered down or nixed. The review process for one bike line on
Broadway will last over a year before city council members will make a
decision. In addition to the many bike paths,
Denver launched B-Cycle
– a citywide bicycle sharing program – in late April 2010. The
B-Cycle network was the largest in the
United States at the time of
its launch, boasting 400 bicycles.
Denver Boot , a car-disabling device, was first used in Denver.
League of American Bicyclists has rated
Colorado as the sixth
most bicycle-friendly state in the nation for the year 2014. This is
due in large part to
Front Range cities like Boulder,
Fort Collins and
Denver placing an emphasis on legislation, programs and infrastructure
developments that promote cycling as a mode of transportation. Walk
score has rated
Denver as the third most bicycle-friendly large city
in the United States. According to data from the 2011 American
Denver ranks 6th among US cities with populations
over 400,000 in terms of the percentage of workers who commute by
bicycle at 2.2% of commuters. B-Cycle – Denver's citywide bicycle
sharing program – was the largest in the
United States at the time
of its launch, boasting 400 bicycles. Through the acquisition of new
grants, the program has expanded each year, adding dozens of new
stations, hundreds of bikes, and by beginning service during the
A 2011 study by
Walk Score ranked
Denver sixteenth most walkable of
fifty largest U.S. cities, though massive gaps in the cities sidewalks
remain an oft-discussed issue. Many walkability advocates believe the
city's need for pedestrian infrastructure is only growing as Denver
Colorado Department of Transportation place the needs of cars
over the needs of people by widening roads or the purposeful plowing
of snow onto sidewalks during winter storms.
FREEWAYS AND HIGHWAYS
Denver is primarily served by the interstate freeways I-25 and I-70 .
The problematic intersection of the two interstates is referred to
locally as "the mousetrap " because, when viewed from the air, the
junction (and subsequent vehicles) resemble mice in a large trap.
* INTERSTATE 25 runs north–south from
New Mexico through Denver
* INTERSTATE 225 traverses neighboring Aurora. I-225 was designed
to link Aurora with I-25 in the southeastern corner of Denver, and
I-70 to the north of Aurora, with construction starting May 1964 and
ending May 21, 1976.
* INTERSTATE 70 runs east–west from
Maryland . It is also
the primary corridor on which Denverites access the mountains. A
proposed $1.2 billion widening of an urban portion through a primarily
low-income and Latino community has been met with community protests
and calls to reroute the interstate along the less urban Interstate
270 alignment. They cite increased pollution and the negative effects
of tripling the interstates large footprint through the neighborhood
as primary objections. The affected neighborhood bisected by the
Interstate was also designated the most polluted neighborhood in the
country and is home to a
* INTERSTATE 270 runs concurrently with US 36 from an interchange
with Interstate 70 in northeast
Denver to an interchange with
Interstate 25 north of Denver. The freeway continues as US 36 from the
interchange with Interstate 25 .
* INTERSTATE 76 begins from I-70 just west of the city in Arvada .
It intersects I-25 north of the city and runs northeast to Nebraska
where it ends at I-80 .
* US 6 follows the alignment of 6th Avenue west of I-25, and
Denver to the west-central suburbs of Golden and
Lakewood . It continues west through
Nevada to Bishop,
California . To the east, it continues as far as Provincetown , on
Cape Cod in
* US 36 connects
Denver to Boulder and Rocky Mountain National Park
near Estes Park . It runs east into
Ohio , after crossing four other
* STATE HIGHWAY 470 (C-470, SH 470) is the southwestern portion of
Denver metro area's beltway. Originally planned as Interstate 470
in the 1960s, the beltway project was attacked on environmental impact
grounds and the interstate beltway was never built. The portion of
"Interstate 470" built as a state highway is the present-day SH 470,
which is a freeway for its entire length.
Denver also has a nearly complete beltway known as "the 470's". These
are SH 470 (also known as C-470), a freeway in the southwest Metro
area, and two toll highways,
E-470 (from southeast to northeast) and
Northwest Parkway (from terminus of
E-470 to US 36 ). SH 470 was
intended to be I-470 and built with federal highway funds, but the
funding was redirected to complete conversion of downtown Denver's
16th Street to a pedestrian mall. As a result, construction was
delayed until 1980 after state and local legislation was passed.
I-470 was also once called "The Silver Stake Highway", from Gov.
Lamm's declared intention to drive a silver stake through it and kill
A highway expansion and transit project for the southern I-25
corridor, dubbed T-REX (
Transportation Expansion Project ), was
completed on November 17, 2006. The project installed wider and
additional highway lanes, and improved highway access and drainage.
The project also includes a light rail line that traverses from
downtown to the south end of the metro area at Lincoln Avenue. The
project spanned almost 19 miles (31 km) along the highway with an
additional line traveling parallel to part of I-225 , stopping just
short of Parker Road.
Denver highway conditions can be accessed on the Colorado
Department of Transportation website Traffic Conditions.
Denver RTD Light Rail car at the "Colfax at Auraria" station
Denver Union Station
Denver Union Station
Mass transportation throughout the
Denver metropolitan area is
managed and coordinated by the
Regional Transportation District (RTD).
RTD operates more than 1,000 buses serving over 10,000 bus stops in 38
municipal jurisdictions in eight counties around the
Boulder metropolitan areas . Additionally, RTD operates nine rail
lines, the A, B, C, D, E, F, R, W, and H with a total of 57.9 miles
(93.2 km) of track, serving 44 stations. All lines are light rail
except the A and B, commuter rail lines, with an additional line to
the suburb of Arvada opening soon pending federal approval. FasTracks
is a light rail/bus/rail expansion project approved by voters in 2004
which will serve neighboring suburbs and communities. The W line, or
West line, opened in April 2013 serving Golden/Federal Center. An
Bus Service, known as the Flatiron Flyer, serves to connect
Boulder and Denver. The service, billed as
Bus Rapid Transit , has
been accused of
Bus rapid transit creep for failing to meet the
majority of BRT requirements, including level boarding and all-door
entry. A commuter rail connection to Boulder and its suburb of
Longmont, also part of the
FasTracks ballot initiative and an
extension of the B line, is to be finished sometime after 2040.
CDOT runs a bus system named Bustang that offers weekday service
between Union Station in Denver,
Glenwood Springs ,
Colorado Springs ,
Fort Collins . Union Station train shed, designed by
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, on opening day of the A line to DIA.
Greyhound Lines , the intercity bus operator, has a major hub in
Denver, with routes to
New York City
New York City , Portland , Reno ,
Las Vegas ,
and their headquarters,
Dallas . Subsidiary Autobuses Americanos
provides service to
El Paso . Allied bus operators Black Hills
Burlington Trailways provide service to Billings ,
Indianapolis , and Alamosa .
Amtrak , the national passenger rail system, provides service to
Denver, operating its
California Zephyr daily in both directions
between Chicago and Emeryville , California, across the bay from San
Amtrak Thruway service operated by private bus companies
Denver station with Rocky Mountain points. In 2017 a bill
was introduced into the state legislature to connect towns and cities
Front Range with an additional
Amtrak line or state-funded
At Albuquerque, New Mexico,
Denver Thruway connections are made daily
Southwest Chief . Additionally, the
Ski Train operated
on the former
Denver "> Inside the main terminal of Denver
International Airport Outside view of the main terminal, DIA
Denver International Airport
Denver International Airport (IATA: DEN, ICAO: KDEN), commonly known
as DIA, serves as the primary airport for a large region surrounding
Denver. DIA is 18.6 miles (30 km) east-northeast of the
Capitol . DIA is the tenth busiest airport in the world and ranks
fourth in the United States, with 51,245,334 passengers passing
through it in 2008. It covers more than 53 square miles (137.3 km2),
making it the largest airport by land area in the
United States and
larger than the island of
Denver serves as a major hub
United Airlines , is the headquarters for
Frontier Airlines , and
is the fastest-growing focus city for
Southwest Airlines .
As of 2017,
Denver International Airport
Denver International Airport has been rated by
the 28th best airport in the world, falling to second place in the
United States behind only Cincinnati/Northern
Skytrax also named DIA as the second best regional airport
North America for 2017, and the fourth best regional airport in the
Three general aviation airports serve the
Denver area. Rocky Mountain
Metropolitan Airport (KBJC) is 13.7 miles (22 km) north-northwest,
Centennial Airport (KAPA) is 13.7 miles (22 km) south-southeast, and
Front Range Airport (KFTG) is 23.7 miles (38 km) east of the state
In the past,
Denver has been home to several other airports that are
no longer operational.
Stapleton International Airport was closed in
1995 when it was replaced by DIA.
Lowry Air Force Base
Lowry Air Force Base was a military
flight training facility that ceased flight operations in 1966, with
the base finally being closed in 1994. It is being used for
Buckley Air Force Base , a former Air National
Guard base, is the only military facility in the
List of people from Denver Silverline V electric
railcar for the A line at Denver's Union Station.
IN POPULAR CULTURE
* The headquarters of Blake Carrington's Oil empire was set in
Denver in the 1980s Prime-Time soap Dynasty .
Denver was not destroyed, but terrorists devastated the stadium
outside the city with a nuclear bomb, killing both
Super Bowl teams
and about 60,000 spectators in the climax of
Tom Clancy 's 1991 novel
The Sum of All Fears .
Denver was alleged to have been obliterated by a nuclear bombing
in the pilot of the 2006
CBS drama Jericho .
* Television writers have used
Denver as the setting for the Disney
Good Luck Charlie , the
Hallmark Channel drama Signed,
Sealed, Delivered , and the ABC sitcom Last Man Standing .
Sister cities of Denver
Denver's relationship with
Brest, France , began in 1948, making it
the second-oldest sister city in the United States. Since then,
Denver has established relationships with additional sister cities:
* Brest , France, (1948)
* Takayama ,
In addition to these, the
Denver Regional Council of Governments
(consisting of the city and 51 other local governments) has
established a "sister city" relationship with the Baghdad Governorate
, one of
Iraq 's eighteen provinces.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for DENVER .
United States portal
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* Geography portal
* Arapahoe County,
* Arapahoe County,
* Arapahoe County,
Arrappahoe County, Jefferson Territory
Colorado metropolitan areas
Front Range Urban Corridor
Gang activity in Denver
* List of cities and towns in
* List of counties in
List of mayors of Denver
List of neighborhoods in Denver
List of people from Denver
* National Register of Historic Places listings in Denver,
New Denver, British Columbia
* North Central
Colorado Urban Area
* Radioactive contamination from the
Rocky Flats Plant
Rocky Flats Plant
* State of
* Silicon Mountain
* ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest
temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based
on data at said thread from 1981 to 2010, i.e. Stapleton from January
1981 to February 1995, and DIA from March 1995 to December 2010.
* ^ Official records for
Denver kept at downtown from January 1872
to December 1949,
Stapleton Airport from January 1950 to February
1995, and DIA since March 1995. Temperature and precipitation normals
are at DIA; snowfall normals at Stapleton are provided since they are
unavailable for DIA
* ^ Claims to Fame – Geography,
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Find more aboutDENVERat's sister projects
* Definitions from Wiktionary
* Media from Commons
* Texts from Wikisource
* Travel guide from Wikivoyage
* Official website
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