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Dehradun
Dehradun
(/ˌdɛrəˈduːn/) or Dehra Dun (Garhwali: देरादूण) is the interim capital city of Uttarakhand, a state in the northern part of India. Located in the Garhwal region, it lies 236 kilometres (147 mi) north of India's capital New Delhi and 168 kilometres (104 mi) from Chandigarh. It is one of the "Counter Magnets" of the National Capital Region (NCR) being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Delhi
Delhi
metropolitan area and to establish a smart city at Dehradun.[3] During the days of British Raj, the official name of the town was Dehra.[4] Dehradun
Dehradun
is in the Doon Valley
Doon Valley
on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between the river Ganges
Ganges
on the east and the river Yamuna
Yamuna
on the west.The city is famous for its picturesque landscape and slightly milder climate and provides a gateway to the surrounding region. It is well connected and in proximity to Himalayan tourist destinations such as Mussoorie, and Auli
Auli
and the Hindu
Hindu
holy cities of Haridwar
Haridwar
and Rishikesh
Rishikesh
along with the Himalayan pilgrimage circuit of Chota Char Dham. Dehradun
Dehradun
Municipal Corporation
Municipal Corporation
is locally known as Nagar Nigam Dehradun. Other urban entities involved in civic services and city governance and management include Mussoorie
Mussoorie
Dehradun
Dehradun
Development Authority (MDDA), Special
Special
Area Development Authority (SADA), Jal Sansthan, and Jal Nigam among others. Dehradun
Dehradun
is also known for its Basmati
Basmati
rice and bakery products.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Afghan Connection

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics 5 Places of interest

5.1 khalanga memorial 5.2 Maa Bala Sundari Mandir 5.3 Dehradun
Dehradun
International Cricket Stadium 5.4 Robbers Cave 5.5 Lacchiwala Picnic Spot 5.6 Tapkeshwar Temple 5.7 Dehradun
Dehradun
Zoo

6 Education

6.1 Higher Educational Institutions in Dehradun

7 Economy 8 Tourism 9 Transport 10 Culture 11 Sport 12 Architecture 13 See also 14 References

Etymology[edit] Dehradun
Dehradun
is made up of two words: 'Dehra' is derived from the word "dera", meaning camp or temporary settlement. "Dun" or "Doon" is a term for the valley that lies between the Himalayas
Himalayas
and the "Shivaliks". When Guru Ram Rai, son of Guru Har Rai, came to this region with his followers, he established a camp here for them. Around this time, the modern city of Dehradun
Dehradun
started to develop. This is when the word Dehra was linked to Dun, and thus the city was named Dehradun. In Skanda Purana, Dun is mentioned as a part of the region called Kedarkhand, the abode of Shiva. In ancient India
India
during the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
epic era, Dronacharya
Dronacharya
the great teacher of Kauravas
Kauravas
and Pandavas, lived here hence the name, "Dronanagari" (lit. city of Drona).[5][6] Some historians believe that the word Dehra can be regarded as a term for camping.[7] History[edit] Main article: History of Dehradun Fmaha The history of the city of Uttarakhand, Dehradun
Dehradun
(nicknamed "Doon Valley") is linked to the story of Ramayana
Ramayana
and Mahabharata. It is believed that after the battle between Ravana
Ravana
and Lord Rama, Lord Rama and his brother Lakshmana
Lakshmana
visited this site. Dronacharya, the legendary Royal guru to the Kauravas
Kauravas
and Pandavas
Pandavas
in the epic Mahabharata, is believed to have been born and resided in Dehradun.[8] Evidence such as ancient temples and idols have been found in the areas surrounding Dehradun
Dehradun
which have been linked to the mythology of Ramayana
Ramayana
and Mahabharata. These relics and ruins are believed to be around 2000 years old. Furthermore, the location, the local traditions and the literature reflect this region's links with the events of Mahabharata
Mahabharata
and Ramayana. Even after the battle of Mahabharata, the Pandavas
Pandavas
had influence on this region as the rulers of Hastinapura with the descendants of Subahu
Subahu
ruled the region as subsidiaries. Likewise, Rishikesh
Rishikesh
is mentioned in the pages of history when Lord Vishnu
Vishnu
answered the prayers of the saints, slaughtered the demons and handed the land to the saints. The adjoining place called Chakrata
Chakrata
has its historical impression during the time of Mahabharata.In the seventh century this area was known as Sudhanagara and was described by the Chinese traveller Huen Tsang. Sudhanagara later came to be recognised as the name of Kalsi. Edicts of Ashoka
Edicts of Ashoka
have been found in the region along the banks of river Yamuna
Yamuna
in Kalsi indicating the wealth and importance of the region in ancient India. In the neighbouring region of Haripur, ruins were discovered from the time of King Rasala which also reflect the region's prosperity. Before the name of Dehradun
Dehradun
was used, the place is shown on old maps as Gurudwara (a map by Webb, 1808) or Gooroodwara (a map by Gerard, 1818). Gerard's map names the place as "Dehra or Gooroodwara". Surrounding this original Sikh
Sikh
temple were many small villages that are now the names of parts of the modern city. Dehradun
Dehradun
itself derives its name from the historical fact that Guru Ram Rai, the eldest son of the Seventh Sikh
Sikh
Guru Har Rai, set up his "dera" (camp) in "dun" (valley) in 1676. This 'Dera Dun' later on became Dehradun.

Doon Valley, Dehradun, 1850s

The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
was highly impressed by the miraculous powers of charismatic Guru Ram Rai. He asked the contemporary Maharaja of Garhwal, Fateh Shah to extend all possible help to Guru Ram Rai. Initially a Gurudwara (temple) was built in Dhamawala. The construction of the present building of Darbar Shri Guru Ram Rai Ji Maharaj was completed in 1707. There are portraits of gods, goddesses, saints, sages and religious stories on the walls. There are pictures of flowers and leaves, animals and birds, trees, similar faces with pointed noses and big eyes on the arches which are the symbol of the colour scheme of Kangra-Guler art and Mughal art. High minarets and round pinnacles are the models of the Muslim
Muslim
architecture. The huge pond in the front measuring 230 x 80 feet had dried up for want of water over the years. People had been dumping rubbish; it has been renovated and revived. Dehradun
Dehradun
was invaded by Mahmud of Ghazni
Mahmud of Ghazni
during his campaigns into India
India
followed by Timur
Timur
in 1368, Rohilla chief Najib ad-Dawlah
Najib ad-Dawlah
in 1757 and Ghulam Qadir in 1785. In 1806 Nepalese King Prithvi Narayan Shah united many of the Indian territories that now fell under places such as Almora, Pathankot, Kumaon, Garhwal, Sirmur, Shimla, Kangra and Dehradun.

Princely flag of Kingdom of Garhwal. Dehradun
Dehradun
was part of the princely state of Garhwal before becoming part of British India
India
after the Anglo-Nepalese War
Anglo-Nepalese War
in 1816.

Capt John War memorial maintained by army at Dehradun

On the western front Garhwal and parts of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
up to Punjab and on the eastern front the state of Sikkim
Sikkim
up to Darjeeling became parts of Nepal for a brief period until the British East India Company went on war from 1814 to 1816. The war ended with signing of the Treaty of Sugowli where almost a third was ceded to British East India
India
company. The British got Dehradun
Dehradun
in 1816 and colonised Landour and Mussoorie
Mussoorie
in 1827–1828. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, was quite fond of the city and often visited. He spent his last few days here before passing away in Delhi
Delhi
in 1964.[9] Another leader from the independence movement, Rash Behari Bose, who was one of the key organisers of the Ghadar conspiracy
Ghadar conspiracy
and, later, the Indian National Army
Indian National Army
was based in Dehradun
Dehradun
in his early days before he was forced to move to Japan in 1915 to continue the freedom struggle. Post independence Dehradun
Dehradun
and other parts of Garhwal and Kumaon were merged with United Provinces which was later renamed the state of Uttar Pradesh. In 2000, Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state (earlier called Uttaranchal) was created from the northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
under the Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Reorganisation Act 2000. Dehradun
Dehradun
was made its interim capital. The city has seen continuous development since the creation of Uttarakhand.[10] Afghan Connection[edit] Dehradun's Afghan connection dated back to the First Anglo-Afghan War, after which the Afghan Emir Dost Mohammad Khan (Emir of Afghanistan) was exiled by the British to Dehra Dun.[11] He stayed in Mussoorie
Mussoorie
for over 6 years. The Balahissar ward under the Mussoorie
Mussoorie
municipality has been named after the palace of Dost Mohammad. The famous Dehradooni Basmati
Basmati
was brought along by him from Kunar Province
Kunar Province
in Afghanistna and it continues to be counted as a delicacy of the valley.[12] [13] Forty years later, after the Second Anglo-Afghan War, his grandson, Mohammad Yaqub Khan, was sent to exile to India
India
in 1879. Just like his grandfather, he choose Doon valley
Doon valley
as his abode. Yakoob became the first Afghan to formally settle in Dehradun. The present Mangla Devi Inter College, was once the Kabul Palace where Yakoob spent a few years of his life. The extended family and servants of the King were also relocated to Dehradun[14] The Afghan royal family maintained a presence in Dehra Dun. It was the birthplace of the second to last King of Afghanistan, Mohammed Nadir Shah.Two quaint palaces — the Kabul Place in Dehradun
Dehradun
and Balahissar Palace in Mussoorie
Mussoorie
— stand testimony to this connection with Afghanistan. They were built by these Afghan rulers in exile in India in the early part of the 20th Century and are palaces are a miniature replica of the palatial structures owned by the kings in Afghanistan. The Balahissar Palace has now been turned into Mussoorie's Wynberg Allen School. Doon-based heritage enthusiast Ghanshyam told the Times of India, "The police station at Karanpur used to be the royal guard room of Yakoob way back in 1879. The electrical office located at the Survey Chowk was the royal servant quarters."[15] Today the descendents of the former royalty, Yakub Khan and his grandson Sardar Azim Khan’s family have integrated with the mainstream of Dehra Dun life.[16] The Doon connection was revived when Zahir Shah, the last king of Afghanistan, while undergoing treatment in New Delhi
New Delhi
during the last years of his life expressed a desire to meet his Doon cousins but the meeting could not take place as the family members were away.[17]Ashraf Ghani, the current President of Afghanistan has mentioned that his grandmother grew up in Dehra Dun. "I speak of Tagore because I was raised on Tagore by my grandmother who lived in Dehradun...," Dr Ghani said while talking about India's vision and the remarkable transformation.[18] Dehra Dun is also being selected to be the second "home" ground of the Afghan cricket team.[19] Geography[edit] The city of Dehradun
Dehradun
mainly lies in Doon Valley
Doon Valley
and is at a varying height from 410 m in Clement Town
Clement Town
to above 700 m at Malsi which is 15 km from the city. However, the average elevation is 450 m above sea level. Malsi is the starting point of Lesser Himalayan Range that extends to Mussoorie
Mussoorie
and beyond. Jaunsar-Bawar
Jaunsar-Bawar
hills in Dehradun district rises to 3700m above sea level. The hilly region of Mussoorie goes up to a height of 1870–2017 metres above sea level. The Doon valley
Doon valley
contains the settlements including Raiwala, Rishikesh, Doiwala, Harrawala, Dehradun, Herbertpur, Vikasnagar, Sahaspur, Selaqui, Subhash Nagar and Clement Town. The district contains Rajaji National Park which is home to several elephants, Benog Wildlife Sanctuary at Mussoorie
Mussoorie
& Asan Conservation Reserve (Asan Barrage). The Doon Valley
Doon Valley
has the Terai
Terai
and Bhabar forests within it as well as the Shivalik hills
Shivalik hills
and Lesser Himalayan Range containing hill stations such as Mussoorie
Mussoorie
and Chakrata. The district is bordered by the Himalayas
Himalayas
in the north, Rajaji Range of the Sivalik Hills
Sivalik Hills
to the south, the river Ganges
Ganges
to the east, and the Yamuna
Yamuna
river to the west. Towns in the foothills of the mountain ranges include Sahastradhara, Lakhamandal, Gautam Kund, Chandrabani, Kalsi and Dakpathar. This district is divided into two major parts: the main city Dehradun surrounded by Shivalik and the Jaunsar-Bawar, which is in the foothills of Himalayas. In the north and northwest it borders on the district of Uttarkashi and Tehri Garhwal, in the east and southeast by Pauri Garhwal and Ganges
Ganges
river, in the west, it is bordered by Shimla and Sirmaur districts of Himachal Pradesh, Yamunanagar district
Yamunanagar district
of Haryana
Haryana
and the Tons and Yamuna
Yamuna
rivers. To the south are Haridwar
Haridwar
and Uttar Pradesh's Saharanpur district. It is between latitudes 29 °58' N and 31°2'N and longitudes 77° 34' E and 78° 18'E.[20] This district consists of six tehsils — Dehradun, Chakrata, Vikasnagar, Kalsi, Tiuni and Rishikesh
Rishikesh
— six community development blocks — Vis, Chakrata, Kalsi, Vikasnagar, Sahaspur, Rajpur and Doiwala
Doiwala
— 17 towns and 764 villages. Out of these 746 villages are inhabited; 18 are uninhabited.[21] Climate[edit]

A cloudy view of Dehradun

The climate of Dehradun
Dehradun
is humid subtropical.

Although the temperature in Dehradun
Dehradun
can reach below freezing during severe cold snaps,[22] this is not common. Summer temperatures can reach up to 44 °C for a few days and hot wind called Loo blows over North India, whereas winter temperatures are usually between 1 and 20 °C and fog is quite common in winters like plains. During the monsoon season, there is often heavy and protracted rainfall. Dehradun
Dehradun
and other plains areas of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
see almost as much rainfall as coastal Maharashtra and more than Assam. Agriculture benefits from fertile alluvial soil, adequate drainage and plentiful rain.[23]

Climate data for Dehradun

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 24.6 (76.3) 31.2 (88.2) 37.2 (99) 40.8 (105.4) 42.8 (109) 44.6 (112.3) 40.6 (105.1) 37.2 (99) 36.6 (97.9) 36.1 (97) 30.6 (87.1) 27.4 (81.3) 44.6 (112.3)

Average high °C (°F) 19.3 (66.7) 21.5 (70.7) 26.4 (79.5) 32.1 (89.8) 35.6 (96.1) 34.8 (94.6) 30.5 (86.9) 29.4 (84.9) 29.7 (85.5) 28.5 (83.3) 25.0 (77) 21.1 (70) 27.8 (82)

Average low °C (°F) 6.0 (42.8) 7.8 (46) 12.0 (53.6) 16.7 (62.1) 20.7 (69.3) 23.0 (73.4) 22.8 (73) 22.4 (72.3) 20.8 (69.4) 15.7 (60.3) 10.4 (50.7) 6.8 (44.2) 15.4 (59.7)

Record low °C (°F) −1.1 (30) −1.1 (30) 2.2 (36) 7.2 (45) 11.3 (52.3) 13.1 (55.6) 13.2 (55.8) 18.0 (64.4) 14.3 (57.7) 8.4 (47.1) 2.8 (37) 0.0 (32) −1.1 (30)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.0 (2.165) 58.8 (2.315) 49.0 (1.929) 22.5 (0.886) 41.7 (1.642) 201.8 (7.945) 672.6 (26.48) 728.2 (28.669) 296.5 (11.673) 49.8 (1.961) 8.6 (0.339) 24.4 (0.961) 2,208.9 (86.965)

Average relative humidity (%) 72 66 57 46 48 66 85 86 81 69 68 71 67.9

Source #1: IMD[24][25]

Source #2: MyWeather.com[26]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Dehradun
Dehradun
City, 2011 Census data[27]

Religion

Percent

Hindus

82.94%

sikh

11.43%

muslim

3.52%

Others†

2.12%

Distribution of religions[28] † Christians, Buddhists, Jains.

As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Dehradun
Dehradun
in 2011 was 578,420;[1] male and female are 303,411 and 275,009 respectively. The sex ratio of the city is 906 per 1000 males.[1] The number of literates in Dehradun
Dehradun
city is 463,791, of which 251,832 are males and 211,959 are females.[1] Average literacy rate of Dehradun city is 89.32 percent, whereas male literacy and female literacy rates are 92.65 and 85.66 percent, respectively.[1] The number of children of age under six in Dehradun
Dehradun
city is 59,180 as per figure from Census India
India
report on 2011. There are 31,600 boys and 27,580 are girls.[1] Child sex ratio of girls is 873 per 1000 boys.[1] Places of interest[edit] There are a number of small towns and tourist sites in Dehradun District. khalanga memorial[edit] The Battle of Nalapani was the first battle of the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814–1816, fought between the forces of the British East India Company and Nepal, then ruled by the House of Gorkha. The battle took place around the Nalapani fort, near Dehradun, which was placed under siege by the British between 31 October ... Maa Bala Sundari Mandir[edit] There are various temples of Maa Bala Sundari Devi
Devi
situated in India and this is one such temple. The main temple is in Trilokpur, Himachal Pradesh. This Mata Temple is situated approximately 3 km South-West Direction of Sudhowala. This great temple is situated inside a forest. Dehradun
Dehradun
International Cricket Stadium[edit] Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, Dehradun is a multi-purpose stadium in the Raipur
Raipur
area of Dehradun, Uttarakhand.[29] It is the first international level stadium in the state. Robbers Cave[edit] Robber's Cave (locally known as Guchhupani), is a river cave formation in Himalaya, located approximately 8 km from the centre of Dehradun
Dehradun
City in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state of India. Believed to be the hideout of the famous Sultana Daku and his band of dacoits. The cave formation has thus been named Robber's Cave. The cave is about 600 metres long, divided into two main parts. The cave has a highest fall of about 10 metres. In the central part there is a fort wall structure which is now broken.[30] It consists of an extremely narrow gorge formed in a conglomerate limestone area on Doon Valley's Dehra plateau.[31] It is a natural cave formation where rivers flows inside the cave. The place is a tourist site and is maintained by Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
State. Local bus services are available up to Anarwala village, from where it is a kilometre's trek away.[30][32] Lacchiwala Picnic Spot[edit] It is a popular tourist destination specially during summers. It is well known for its forest scenic beauty and man-made water pools. Tapkeshwar Temple[edit] It is a temple of Lord Shiva. It is situated beside a forest on the bank of the Asan river and the main deity (Shivalinga) is housed in a natural cave. According to the holy epic Mahabharata, Guru Drona
Drona
is said to have resided in this cave for a period of time. The temple's natural cave is named Drona
Drona
cave after him.[33] Water trickles down the ceiling of the cave and drops on the Shivalinga
Shivalinga
creating a magnificent image. Dehradun
Dehradun
Zoo[edit] Formerly known as Malsi Deer Park but now it is known as Dehradun
Dehradun
Zoo. Its main objective is conservation of wild animals, to develop an education centre and a rescue centre for wild animals.It is located on the foothills of Shivalik Range(Mussoorie) on the Mussoorie
Mussoorie
Road.It is about 10km away from Dehradun
Dehradun
and 23km from Mussoorie. Education[edit] Dehradun
Dehradun
has higher education institutions for engineering, law, medical, management and other fields. It is the home of University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Doon University, Uttaranchal University, ICFAI University, Dehradun, Graphic Era University
Graphic Era University
and Uttarakhand Technical University. Other educational institutions include[34] St. Joseph's Academy, Colonel Brown Cambridge School, Summer Valley School, The Heritang School, Rashtriya Indian Military College, Doon International School, Welham Girls School, Welham Boys School, The Doon School, Ecole globale, Doon Cambridge School, SelaQui International School, Army Public School, Cambrian Hall, St. Thomas' College, Brightlands School, and Marshall School. Several Indian and international luminaries have attended these schools. In addition to these schools there are many other state board schools mainly Shri Guru Nanak Boys School, Nari shilp Mandir Girls school, M.K.P. Girls, DAV Inter college, Shri Guru Ram Rai Inter college,Gandhi Inter College,Dehradun, and many others. The Forest Research Institute campus hosts the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy(IGNFA), the staff college that trains officers selected for the Indian Forest Service (IFS). Wildlife Institute of India
India
(WII) is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate change, Government of India
India
which carries out wildlife research. National Institute for Visually Handicapped[35] (NIVH) plays a key role in helping the blind people. It is the first such institute in India
India
and the first press for Braille
Braille
script in the country[36] which provides education and service to the blind children. Some of the law universities include, Faculty of Law, ICFAI University, Uttaranchal University, UPES. Guitarmonk
Guitarmonk
school for guitar classes is also available at various locations in Dehradun. Dehradun
Dehradun
houses organisations like the Latika Roy Foundation[37] for people with disabilities to access education, employment, and full inclusion in the community. The ASK Foundation, an educational charity, is also located in Dehradun.[38] Till early 90s for higher education there were only 4 colleges where graduate and post graduate courses were offered DAV PG College, DBS College and SGRR PG College, MKP PG Girls college Later on other educational opportunities came and new institutions opened. In fact there were no engineering college till that time and after 12th students had to leave Dehradun
Dehradun
for their engineering studies.

Front view of Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
Dehradun
Uttarakhand

Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Higher Educational Institutions in Dehradun[edit]

Dehradun
Dehradun
Institute of Technology Doon University Graphic Era University Himgiri Zee University ICFAI University, Dehradun IMS Unison University Tula’s Institute Uttaranchal University University of Petroleum and Energy Studies GRD IMT

Economy[edit]

Central Braille
Braille
Press, Dehradun
Dehradun
— the first Braille
Braille
press of India

Because of the low population and, on the whole, competent education institutes, Dehradun
Dehradun
garners a good per capita income close to $2400 (per 2012 figures: national average $800). It has enjoyed strong economic growth in the last 20 years. Dehradun
Dehradun
has experienced a commercial and information technology upswing, amplified by the establishment of software technology parks of India
India
(STPI).[39] and SEZs ( Special
Special
economic zones) throughout. Regional offices of Genpact, Spice Digital, Serco, Aptara and IndiaMART
IndiaMART
are present in Dehradun. A number of manufacturing units are present in the Selaqui area. The largest profession in Dehradun
Dehradun
is agriculture. Staple foods are rice and dal with raita, curd and salad. Dehradun
Dehradun
is known for its lychees and for growing the world's finest basmati rice.[citation needed] It hosts training institutions of national importance such as the Indian Military Academy, Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA), Zoological Survey of India
India
(ZSI). It is home to national foundations such as the Ordnance Factory Dehradun, Instruments Research and Development Establishment (IRDE), Defence Electronics Application Laboratory (DEAL) and other defence establishments. Other institutions include the Indian Institute of Petroleum, National Institute for Visually Handicapped, Central Soil and Water Conservation Research & Training Institute, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (Keshav Dev Malviya Institute of Petroleum Exploration, Institute of Drilling Technology), Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Space Applications Centre, Survey of India, Wadia Institute Of Himalayan Geology, Forest Survey of India
India
(FSI), Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Wildlife Institute of India, Forest Research Institute (FRI), Army Cadet College and the Rashtriya Indian Military College
Rashtriya Indian Military College
(RIMC).[40] Major defence production establishments include the Ordnance Factory Dehradun, the Opto Electronics Factory of the Ordnance Factories Board, Defence Electronics Application Laboratory and Instruments Research and Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation which manufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces. Many of these are located in the Raipur
Raipur
area. The Ordnance Factory estate is located in the middle of mountains. Tourism[edit] Tourist destinations[41] include the Dehradun
Dehradun
Zoo, Kalanga Monument, Chandrabani, Himalayan Gallary cum Regional Science Centre Guchhupani, Forest Research Institute, Tapovan, Lakshman Siddha Peeth,[42] Tapkeshwar Temple, Santala Devi
Devi
Temple, Mindrolling Monastery, Prakasheshwar Mahadev Temple,[43] Sai Mandir,[44] Central Braille Press[45] and Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology.[46] The tourist destinations can be divided into four or five areas: nature, sports, sanctuary, museums and institutions. The nearby hill stations are well known for their natural environment,[47] temples for its faith dimensions, sanctuary for animal and bird lovers. Hill stations include Mussoorie, Sahastradhara, Chakrata, and Dakpathar. Famous temples Tapkeshwar, Lakhamandal
Lakhamandal
and Santala Devi
Devi
are here. In sports tourism, the Doon Ice Rink at Maharana Pratap Sports Complex, Raipur
Raipur
is the first full-sized ice arena in India.[48][49] It has hosted ice skating competitions and ice hockey tournaments, including the IIHF
IIHF
Challenge Cup of Asia.[50] Maa Bala Sundari Mandir is a Hindu
Hindu
temple located in Sudhowala
Sudhowala
near Dehradun. It is dedicated to the Hindu
Hindu
goddess Maa Bala Sundari, also known as Bal Roop of Maa Vaishno Devi, a manifestation of the Hindu Mother Goddess Mahalakshmi.[51] The words "maa" and "mata" are commonly used in India
India
for "mother", and thus are often used in connection with Maa Bala Sundari. The Temple or Bhawan is 3.5 km from Sudhowala
Sudhowala
and various modes of transportation are available from Sudhowala, including ponies, electric vehicles and palkis operated by 2 or 4 persons. Many pilgrims visit from the northern Indian states to get the blessings of Mahmaya Bala Sundari. A Trust is also run by Mandir Maa Bala Sundari Trust, Sudhowala.

Hanuman Idol at Tapkeshwar Temple

An Indian monkey in Malsi Deer Park

Hanol Temple

Robbers Cave, Dehradun

Front view of Buddha Temple Dehradun
Dehradun
Uttarakhand

Front view of Buddha Temple Dehradun

Santala Devi
Devi
Temple Dehradun

A view from Santala Devi
Devi
Temple While Trekking down Dehradun

Transport[edit] Transport options include:

By air: Air India, Indigo, Jet Airways
Jet Airways
and SpiceJet
SpiceJet
offer daily flights from Delhi
Delhi
while Jet Airways
Jet Airways
operates a daily hopping flight (stop at Delhi) from Mumbai
Mumbai
and Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
(via Bangalore
Bangalore
and Delhi) Direct flight from Mumbai
Mumbai
and Srinagar
Srinagar
(Jet Airways). Air India and Indigo has a direct 50 minute flight from Lucknow
Lucknow
to Dehradun's Jolly Grant Airport
Jolly Grant Airport
25 km from the valley of Dehradun. Railways: Dehradun railway station
Dehradun railway station
has service to major cities including Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Trivandrum, Vadodara
Vadodara
and Varanasi. Some fast trains running to and from Dehradun
Dehradun
include the Shatabdi Express, Jan Shatabdi Express and Nanda Devi
Devi
Express. Dehradun
Dehradun
will soon got a metro rail in near future, The project in under Designing phase.[52]

Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun

Old steam Loco outside Dehradun
Dehradun
railway station

Culture[edit]

Statue of Tara and Great Stupa Dehra Dun

Ghanta Ghar (Clock tower), Dehradun

Dehradun
Dehradun
is a part of the Garhwal region. Hindi
Hindi
is the primary and official language. Other languages spoken in the region are English, Bengali, Punjabi, Nepali, Tibetan, Garhwali and Kumaoni. After becoming the capital, there has been continuous growth in education, communication and transport. As the state capital, Dehradun
Dehradun
is home to many government institutions. Dehradun
Dehradun
is renowned all over India
India
for its educational institutions. Buses are identified with blue bars. There are autorickshaws which are often used for transportation but blamed for pollution and noise. The evening buzz of Rajpur road is an attraction. After becoming the capital of Uttarakhand, the growth of the city has accelerated; it is still known as a peaceful city with pleasant weather. The city centre is easily recognised by the Clock Tower
Clock Tower
(Ghanta Ghar), a structure with six functioning clocks. The statue of San Dijen placed in Shanti Niketan contributes to the beauty of the city. Dehradun
Dehradun
has been home to artists and writers including Stephen Alter, Nayantara Sahgal, Allan Sealy, Ruskin Bond
Ruskin Bond
and also to country singer Bobby Cash. Dehradun
Dehradun
was home to freedom fighters whose names are engraved in gold on the Clock Tower. It was called "The Gray City" in the initial days because ex-Army officers and VIPs considered this place ideal for residence after retirement.[53] Woolen blankets are typical of this region and worn by people living at high altitude. Women wear saris with full-sleeve blouses along with angora jackets. Girls wear full skirts with scarfs covering their head and shoulders; more recently, they have adopted modern wear like salwar suits. In villages and to a lesser extent in towns, men wear the traditional dhoti, angarakha and langoti. The way dhotis are worn represents backgrounds and castes: short dhotis represent low status whereas long dhotis represent high. It is more common in urban areas for men to wear shirts and trousers, jeans and kurta-pyjamas. In winter, men usually dress in jackets, hats and overcoats. Hemp is grown in great quantities in this region, so its yarn is frequently used as lining. There are fairs (melas) throughout the year. Notable fairs include Magh Mela, held on 14 January and Jhanda Mela
Mela
in March, a fair for the Hindu
Hindu
community, that attracts Hindus
Hindus
from all over India
India
and abroad. Sport[edit] The first indoor ice rink in India
India
that meets the size requirements for ice hockey, figure skating, short track and rink bandy was built in Dehradun.[48] Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Cricket Association is the governing body of the Cricket activities in the Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state of India
India
and the Uttarakhand cricket team. The city has an international cricket stadium called Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium & a Mega Sports Complex in the Raipur
Raipur
area. It is the first international level stadium in the state.[29] Since, the formation of the state 2000, the state suffered a blow to its sport facilities as Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
had the entire infrastructure for sports. Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
had hosted very few matches of Ranji Trophy. Due to lack of infrastructure the player started moving to different states. In November 2012, Former Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Vijay Bahuguna laid the foundation of the stadium hoped that the stadium would bring Dehradun
Dehradun
on the international cricket map and added that the shortage of money would not be a hurdle in the completion of the Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium and the Mega Sports Complex.[29] The stadium would be constructed as per international standards. The stadium and sports complex would be built in 23 acres.[54] Some Other Cricket Grounds are:

Doon School Ground RIMC Cricket Ground Abhimanyu Cricket Academy Ground MPSC Cricket Ground Rangers College Cricket Ground Survey Of India
India
Cricket Ground Doon Cricket Academy Ground Tanush Cricket Academy Ground

Architecture[edit] After Dehradun
Dehradun
was made the capital of Uttarakhand, there was a construction boom, especially in residential property.[citation needed] Modern buildings have gradually supplanted older architectural styles including those related to the British colonial rule of India. Important older buildings still upstanding include the Clock Tower, Forest Research Institute, CNI College, Morrison Memorial Church, Inamullah Building, Jama Masjid, Osho Meditation Centre, Indian Military Academy and Darbar Sahib. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dehradun.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dehradun.

Doiwala Garhwal Garhwali people Tyagis Haridwar MDDA Nagar Nigam Dehradun Nepali people Roorkee List of cities in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
and Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
by population U.K Heights

References[edit]

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India
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Dehradun
Dehradun
Zoo

v t e

State and Union Territory capitals of India

Agartala Aizawl Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto) Bangalore Bhopal Bhubaneswar Chandigarh Chennai Daman Dehradun
Dehradun
(interim) New Delhi Dispur Gandhinagar Gangtok Hyderabad Imphal Itanagar Jaipur Jammu
Jammu
(in winter) Kavaratti Kohima Kolkata Lucknow Mumbai Panaji Patna Pondicherry Port Blair Raipur Ranchi Shillong Shimla Silvassa Srinagar
Srinagar
(in summer) Thiruvananthapuram

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 129016

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