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DEHRADUN (/ˌdɛrəˈduːn/ ) or DEHRA DUN is the capital city of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
, a state in the northern part of India
India
. Located in the Garhwal region , it lies 236 kilometres (147 mi) north of India's capital New Delhi
New Delhi
and is one of the "Counter Magnets " of the National Capital Region (NCR) being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Delhi
Delhi
metropolitan area and creation highways to establish a smart city at Dehradun.

Dehradun
Dehradun
is in the Doon Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between the river Ganges
Ganges
on the east and the river Yamuna on the west. Dehradun
Dehradun
is also being called as city of love according to a new trend because of its young new generation.The city is famous for its picturesque landscape and slightly milder climate and provides a gateway to the surrounding region. It is well connected and in proximity to Himalayan tourist destinations such as Mussoorie , and Auli and the Hindu
Hindu
holy cities of Haridwar
Haridwar
and Rishikesh
Rishikesh
along with the Himalayan pilgrimage circuit of Chota Char Dham .

It hosts training institutions of national importance such as the Indian Military Academy , ITBP Academy & Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy (IGNFA), Zoological Survey of India
India
(ZSI). The city population has significant contribution of government servants. It is home to national foundations such as the Ordnance Factory Dehradun, Opto Electronics Factory, Instruments Research and Development Establishment (IRDE), Defence Electronics Application Laboratory (DEAL) and other defence establishments. Other institutions include the Indian Institute of Petroleum , National Institute for Visually Handicapped, Central Soil and Water Conservation Research "> Princely flag of Kingdom of Garhwal . Dehradun
Dehradun
was part of the princely state of Garhwal before becoming part of British India
India
after the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816. Doon Valley, Dehradun, 1850s Main article: History of Dehradun

The history of the city of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
, Dehradun
Dehradun
(nicknamed "Doon Valley") is linked to the story of Ramayana
Ramayana
and Mahabharata
Mahabharata
. It is believed that after the battle between Ravan and Lord Ram , Lord Ram and his brother Laxman visited this site. Dronacharya
Dronacharya
, the legendary Royal guru to the Kauravas and Pandavas
Pandavas
in the epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, is believed to have been born and resided in Dehradun. Evidence such as ancient temples and idols have been found in the areas surrounding Dehradun
Dehradun
which have been linked to the mythology of Ramayana
Ramayana
and Mahabharata. These relics and ruins are believed to be around 2000 years old. Furthermore, the location, the local traditions and the literature reflect this region's links with the events of Mahabharata and Ramayana. Even after the battle of Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, the Pandavas
Pandavas
had influence on this region as the rulers of Hastinapur with the descendants of Subahu ruled the region as subsidiaries. Likewise, Rishikesh
Rishikesh
is mentioned in the pages of history when Lord Vishnu answered the prayers of the saints, slaughtered the demons and handed the land to the saints. The adjoining place called Chakrata has its historical impression during the time of Mahabharata.In the seventh century this area was known as Sudhnagar and was described by the Chinese traveller Huen Tsang . Sudhnagar later came to be recognised as the name of Kaalsi. Edicts of Ashoka
Edicts of Ashoka
have been found in the region along the banks of river Yamuna in Kaalsi indicating the wealth and importance of the region in ancient India. In the neighbouring region of Haripur, ruins were discovered from the time of King Rasala which also reflect the region's prosperity.Before the name of Dehradun
Dehradun
was used, the place is shown on old maps as Gurudwara (a map by Webb, 1808) or Gooroodwara (a map by Gerard, 1818). Gerard's map names the place as "Dehra or Gooroodwara". Surrounding this original Sikh temple were many small villages that are now the names of parts of the modern city.

Dehradun
Dehradun
itself derives its name from the historical fact that Shri Ram Rai, the eldest son of the Seventh Sikh Guru Har Rai
Guru Har Rai
Ji, set up his "dera" (camp) in "dun" (valley) in 1676. This 'Dera' 'Dun' later on became Dehradun.

The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
was highly impressed by the miraculous powers of charismatic Ram Rai. He asked the contemporary Raja of Garhwal, Fateh Shah to extend all possible help to Shri Ram Rai. Initially a Gurudwara (temple) was built in Dhamawala. The construction of the present building of Darbar Shri Guru Ram Rai Ji Maharaj was completed in 1707. There are portraits of gods, goddesses, saints, sages and religious stories on the walls. There are pictures of flowers and leaves, animals and birds, trees, similar faces with pointed noses and big eyes on the arches which are the symbol of the colour scheme of Kangra-Guler and Mughal art. High minarets and round pinnacles are the models of the Muslim architecture. The huge talab in the front measuring 230 x 80 feet had dried up for want of water over the years. People had been dumping rubbish; it has been renovated and revived. Capt John War memorial maintained by army at Dehradun
Dehradun

Dehradun
Dehradun
was invaded by Mahmud of Ghazni
Mahmud of Ghazni
during his campaigns into India
India
followed by Taimooralang in 1368, Ruahela Njibuddulo in 1757 and Ghulam Qadir in 1785. In 1806 King Prithvi Narayan Shah united many of the Indian territories that now fell under places such as Almora , Pathankot , Kumaon , Garhwal , Sirmur , Shimla
Shimla
, Kangra and Dehradun.

On the western front Garhwal and parts of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
up to Punjab and on the eastern front the state of Sikkim
Sikkim
up to Darjeeling became parts of Nepal for a brief period until the British East India Company went on war from 1814 to 1816. The war ended with signing of the Treaty of Sugowli where almost a third was ceded to British East India
India
company. The British got Dehradun
Dehradun
in 1816 and colonised Landour and Mussoorie in 1827–1828.

Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
, India's first prime minister, was quite fond of the city and often visited. He spent his last few days here before passing away in Delhi
Delhi
in 1964. Another leader from the independence movement, Rash Behari Bose
Rash Behari Bose
, who was one of the key organisers of the Ghadar conspiracy and, later, the Indian National Army was based in Dehradun
Dehradun
in his early days before he was forced to move to Japan in 1915 to continue the freedom struggle.

Post independence Dehradun
Dehradun
and other parts of Garhwal and Kumaon were merged with United Provinces which was later renamed the state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. In 2000, Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state (earlier called Uttaranchal) was created from the northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh under the Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Reorganisation Act 2000. Dehradun
Dehradun
was made its provisional capital. After becoming the capital, the city has seen continuous development.

GEOGRAPHY

The city of Dehradun
Dehradun
mainly lies in Doon Valley and is at a varying height from 410m in Clement Town to above 600 m at Jakhan which is 4 km from the city. However, the general elevation is 450 m above sea level. Jakhan is the starting point of Lesser Himalayan Range that extends to Mussoorie and beyond. Jaunsar Bawar hills in Dehradun District rises to 3700m above sea level. The hilly region of Mussoorie goes up to a height of 1870–2007 metres above sea level.

The Doon valley contains the settlements including Raiwala, Haridwar, Nepali Farm, Doiwala, Harrawala, Dehradun, Doiwala, Herbertpur, Vikasnagar, Sahaspur, Rishikesh, Selakui, Raiwala and Subash Nagar, Clement Town. The district contains Rajaji National Park which is home to several elephants, Benog Wildlife Sanctuary at Mussoorie 18 are uninhabited.

CLIMATE

A cloudy view of Dehradun
Dehradun

Dehradun
Dehradun
is India's wettest State capital this monsoon with 2,865 mm of rainfall between 1 June and 30 September, according to Director of the Dehradun
Dehradun
Meteorological Centre Anand Sharma (Spurious claim). Panjim(Goa)-Capital of Goa receives annually 296 cm of rain which is the highest amount of rainfall received by any state capital. With 2,365 mm, Mumbai
Mumbai
received the second highest rainfall during this monsoon season.

* In 2011, the Maharashtra capital recorded the maximum rainfall amongst all State capitals during the monsoon season. However, in 2012, Dehradun
Dehradun
outdid Mumbai
Mumbai
to become the wettest State capital. The trend continued in 2013 too.

Mr. Sharma said, "In 2012, Dehradun
Dehradun
recorded 2137 mm of rainfall, and Mumbai
Mumbai
received 1867 mm." This year many records had been broken. Dehradun's maximum recorded rainfall in 24 hours was 188 mm in 1925. This year, heavy rains caused havoc in the State in June. On 17 June, the rainfall for 24 hours was 370 mm.

* In 1966, rainfall for June was 964 mm. This record too was broken as Dehradun's rainfall this June was 1,095 mm.

The year 2013 has the longest monsoon since 1975.

* Mumbai
Mumbai
comes second with 2,365 mm rainfall

The climate of Dehradun
Dehradun
is humid subtropical , although it varies from tropical: from hot in summers to severely cold, depending upon the season and the altitude. The nearby hilly regions often get snowfall during winter.

* Although the temperature in Dehradun
Dehradun
can reach below freezing during severe cold snaps, this is not common. Summer temperatures can reach up to 44 °C for a few days and hot wind called Loo blows over North India, whereas winter temperatures are usually between 1 and 20 °C and fog is quite common in winters like plains. During the monsoon season, there is often heavy and protracted rainfall. Dehradun
Dehradun
and other plains areas of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
see almost as much rainfall as coastal Maharashtra and more than Assam. Agriculture benefits from fertile alluvial soil, adequate drainage and plentiful rain. Mountain areas are also used for agriculture. Dehradun
Dehradun
is known internationally for its variety of Basmati rice and Lychees .

CLIMATE DATA FOR DEHRADUN

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 24.6 (76.3) 31.2 (88.2) 37.2 (99) 40.8 (105.4) 42.8 (109) 44.6 (112.3) 40.6 (105.1) 37.2 (99) 36.6 (97.9) 36.1 (97) 30.6 (87.1) 27.4 (81.3) 44.6 (112.3)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 19.3 (66.7) 21.5 (70.7) 26.4 (79.5) 32.1 (89.8) 35.6 (96.1) 34.8 (94.6) 30.5 (86.9) 29.4 (84.9) 29.7 (85.5) 28.5 (83.3) 25.0 (77) 21.1 (70) 27.8 (82)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 6.0 (42.8) 7.8 (46) 12.0 (53.6) 16.7 (62.1) 20.7 (69.3) 23.0 (73.4) 22.8 (73) 22.4 (72.3) 20.8 (69.4) 15.7 (60.3) 10.4 (50.7) 6.8 (44.2) 15.4 (59.7)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −1.1 (30) −1.1 (30) 2.2 (36) 7.2 (45) 11.3 (52.3) 13.1 (55.6) 13.2 (55.8) 18.0 (64.4) 14.3 (57.7) 8.4 (47.1) 2.8 (37) 0.0 (32) −1.1 (30)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 55.0 (2.165) 58.8 (2.315) 49.0 (1.929) 22.5 (0.886) 41.7 (1.642) 201.8 (7.945) 672.6 (26.48) 728.2 (28.669) 296.5 (11.673) 49.8 (1.961) 8.6 (0.339) 24.4 (0.961) 2,208.9 (86.965)

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 72 66 57 46 48 66 85 86 81 69 68 71 67.9

Source #1: IMD

Source #2: MyWeather.com

DEMOGRAPHICS

RELIGIONS IN DEHRADUN CITY, 2011 CENSUS DATA

Religion

Percent

Hindus
Hindus
  82.94%

Muslims
Muslims
  11.43%

Sikhs
Sikhs
  3.52%

Others†   2.12%

Distribution of religions † Christians , Buddhists , Jains .

As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Dehradun
Dehradun
in 2011 was 578,420; male and female are 303,411 and 275,009 respectively. The sex ratio of the city is 906 per 1000 males. The number of literates in Dehradun
Dehradun
city is 463,791, of which 251,832 are males and 211,959 are females. Average literacy rate of Dehradun
Dehradun
city is 89.32 percent, whereas male literacy and female literacy rates are 92.65 and 85.66 percent, respectively. The number of children of age under six in Dehradun
Dehradun
city is 59,180 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There are 31,600 boys and 27,580 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 873 per 1000 boys.

EDUCATION

Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
Dehradun

Dehradun
Dehradun
has higher education institutions for engineering, law, medical, management and other fields. It is the home of Doon University , Uttaranchal University , ICFAI University, Dehradun , Graphic Era University and Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Technical University . Other educational institutions include St. Joseph\'s Academy , Colonel Brown Cambridge School , Summer Valley School , Rashtriya Indian Military College , Doon International School , Welham Girls School , Welham Boys School , The Doon School
The Doon School
, Ecole globale , Doon Cambridge School , SelaQui International School , Army Public School , Cambrian Hall , St. Thomas\' College , Brightlands School , and Marshall School . Several Indian and international luminaries have attended these schools. In addition to these schools there are many other state board schools mainly Shri Guru Nanak Boys School, Nari shilp Mandir Girls school, M.K.P. Girls, DAV Inter collage, Shri Guru Ram Rai Inter college, Gandhi School and many others. There are numerous forest officials in India
India
who have attended the Forest Research Institute in Dehradun. It is home to many religious schools as well. Yoga
Yoga
, Ayurveda
Ayurveda
and meditation have great influence in Dehradun.

National Institute for Visually Handicapped (NIVH) plays a key role in helping the blind people. It is the first such institute in India and the first press for Braille
Braille
script in the country which provides education and service to the blind children.

Some of the law universities include, Faculty of Law, ICFAI University , Uttaranchal University , UPES . Guitarmonk school for guitar classes is also available at various locations in Dehradun.

Dehradun
Dehradun
houses organisations like the Latika Roy Foundation for people with disabilities to access education, employment, and full inclusion in the community. The ASK Foundation, an educational charity, is also located in Dehradun.

Till early 90s for higher education there were only 4 colleges where graduate and post graduate courses were offered DAV PG Collage, DBS College and SGRR PG College, MKP PG Girls college Later on other educational opportunities came and new institutions opened. In fact there were no engineering college till that time and after 12th students had to leave Dehradun
Dehradun
for their engineering studies.

HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN DEHRADUN

* University of Petroleum and Energy Studies * ICFAI University, Dehradun * Graphic Era University * Uttaranchal University * Doon University * IMS Unison University * Himgiri Zee University * Dehradun Institute of Technology
Dehradun Institute of Technology
* Tula’s Institute * Dolphin Institute of Biomedical and Natural Sciences * Quantum School of Technology

ECONOMY

Central Braille
Braille
Press, Dehradun
Dehradun
— the first Braille
Braille
press of India
India

Because of the low population and, on the whole, competent education institutes, Dehradun
Dehradun
garners a good per capita income close to $2400 (per 2012 figures: national average $800). It has enjoyed strong economic growth in the last 20 years. Dehradun
Dehradun
today has experienced a commercial and information technology upswing, amplified by the establishment of software technology parks of India
India
(STPI) and SEZs ( Special economic zones ) throughout. Regional offices of Genpact , Spice Digital , Serco , IMSI, Spanco, Aptara , IndiaMART , Jubilant Genrics Ltd , RMSI are present in Dehradun. A number of manufacturing units are present in the Selaqui area. The construction of the Delhi- Dehradun
Dehradun
four-lane highway may enable more economic development.

Dehradun
Dehradun
is also known for being a centre for national defence production. Major defence production establishments include the Ordnance Factory Dehradun, the Opto Electronics Factory of the Ordnance Factories Board , Defence Electronics Application Laboratory and Instruments Research and Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation which manufactures products for the Indian Armed Forces
Indian Armed Forces
. Many of these are located in Raipur
Raipur
area. The Ordnance Factory estate is located in the middle of mountains. Dulhani river flows in the heart of the colony.

TOURISM

Tourist destinations include the Dehradun
Dehradun
zoo, Kalanga monument, Chandrabani, himalayan gallary cum regional science centre Guchhupani, Forest Research Institute , Tapovan, Lakshman Siddh Peeth, Tapkeshwar Temple , Santala Devi
Devi
temple, Mindrolling Monastery , Prakasheshwar Mahadev Temple, Sai Mandir, Central Braille
Braille
Press and Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology.

The tourist destinations can be divided into four or five areas: nature, sports, sanctuary, museums and institutions. The nearby hill stations are well known for their natural beauty, temples for its faith dimensions, sanctuary for animal and bird lovers. Hill stations include Mussoorie , Sahastradhara, Chakrata, and Dakpathar. Famous temples Tapkeshwar, Lakhamandal
Lakhamandal
and Santala Devi
Devi
are here.

In sports tourism, the Doon Ice Rink at Maharana Pratap Sports Complex, Raipur
Raipur
is the first full-sized ice arena in India. It has hosted ice skating competitions and ice hockey tournaments , including the IIHF Challenge Cup of Asia.

Maa Bala Sundari Mandir ( Hindi
Hindi
: माँ बाला सुंदरी मंदिर ) is a Hindu
Hindu
temple located in Sudhowala
Sudhowala
near Dehradun. It is dedicated to the Hindu
Hindu
goddess Maa Bala Sundari, also known as Bal Roop of Maa Vaishno Devi, a manifestation of the Hindu
Hindu
Mother Goddess Mahalakshmi . The words "maa" and "mata" are commonly used in India
India
for "mother ", and thus are often used in connection with Maa Bala Sundari. The Temple or Bhawan is 3.5 km from Sudhowala
Sudhowala
and various modes of transportation are available from Sudhowala, including ponies, electric vehicles and paalkhis operated by 2 or 4 persons. Many pilgrims visit from the northern Indian states to get the blessings of Mahmaya Balasundari. A Trust is also run by Mandir Maa Bala Sundari Trust, Sudhowala.

*

Hanuman Idol at Tapkeshwar Temple *

An Indian monkey in Malsi Deer Park *

Indian Military Academy, Dehradun
Dehradun
*

Hanol Temple *

Robbers Cave, Dehradun
Dehradun

TRANSPORT

Transport options include:

* BY AIR: Air India
India
, Indigo , Jet Airways
Jet Airways
and SpiceJet
SpiceJet
offer daily flights from Delhi
Delhi
while Jet Airways
Jet Airways
operates a daily hopping flight (stop at Delhi) from Mumbai
Mumbai
and Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
(via Bangalore
Bangalore
and Delhi) and Air India
India
has a direct 50 minute flight from Lucknow
Lucknow
to Dehradun's Jolly Grant Airport 25 km from the valley of Dehradun. * RAILWAYS: Dehradun railway station
Dehradun railway station
has service to major cities including Delhi
Delhi
, Mumbai
Mumbai
, Kolkata
Kolkata
, Lucknow
Lucknow
, Trivandrum
Trivandrum
, Vadodara and Varanasi
Varanasi
. Some fast trains running to and from Dehradun
Dehradun
include the Shatabdi Express , Jan Shatabdi Express and Nanda Devi
Devi
Express .

*

Jolly Grant Airport , Dehradun
Dehradun
*

Old steam Loco outside Dehradun railway station
Dehradun railway station

CULTURE

Statue of Tara and Great Stupa Dehra Dun

Dehradun
Dehradun
is a part of the Garhwal region , therefore the local customs of the Garhwali people have had a great influence on its culture. Hindi
Hindi
and Garhwali are the primary languages spoken. Other languages spoken in the region are English, Punjabi, Nepali, Tibetan, and Kumaoni . There are people from different religions and backgrounds residing here. After becoming the capital, there has been continuous growth in education, communication and transport. As the state capital, Dehradun
Dehradun
is home to many government institutions. Dehradun
Dehradun
is renowned all over India
India
for its educational institutions.

Buses are identified with blue bars. There are autorickshaws which are often used for transportation but blamed for pollution and noise. The evening buzz of Rajpur road is an attraction. After becoming the capital of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
, the growth of the city has accelerated; it is still known as a peaceful city with pleasant weather. The city centre is easily recognised by the Clock Tower
Clock Tower
(Ghanta Ghar), a structure with six functioning clocks. The statue of San Dijen placed in Shanti Niketan contributes to the beauty of the city. Dehradun
Dehradun
has been home to artists and writers including Stephen Alter , Nayantara Sahgal , Allan Sealy , Ruskin Bond and also to country singer Bobby Cash .

Dehradun
Dehradun
was home to freedom fighters whose names are engraved in gold on the Clock Tower. It was called "The Gray City" in the initial days because ex-Army officers and VIPs considered this place ideal for residence after retirement. Woolen blankets are typical of this region and worn by people living at high altitude. Women wear saris with full-sleeve blouses along with angora jackets. Girls wear full skirts with scarfs covering their head and shoulders; more recently, they have adopted modern wear like salwar suits. In villages and to a lesser extent in towns, men wear the traditional dhoti, angarkha and langoti. The way dhotis are worn represents backgrounds and castes: short dhotis represent low status whereas long dhotis represent high. It is more common in urban areas for men to wear shirts and trousers, jeans and kurta-pyjamas. In winter, men usually dress in jackets, hats and overcoats. Hemp is grown in great quantities in this region, so its yarn is frequently used as lining.

The largest profession in Dehradun
Dehradun
is agriculture. There are large numbers of people in the military, businesses and education. Staple foods are rice and dal with raita, curd and salad. Dehradun
Dehradun
is known for its lychees and for growing the world's finest basmati rice.

There are fairs (melas ) throughout the year. Notable fairs include Magh Mela, held on 14 January and Jhanda Mela
Mela
in March, a fair for the Hindu
Hindu
community, that attracts Hindus
Hindus
from all over India
India
and abroad.

SPORT

The first indoor ice rink in India
India
that meets the size requirements for ice hockey , figure skating , short track and rink bandy was built in Dehradun. Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Cricket Association is the governing body of the Cricket activities in the Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
state of India
India
and the Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
cricket team .

GROUNDS

The city has an international cricket stadium called Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium "> Ghanta Ghar (Clock tower), Dehradun
Dehradun

After Dehradun
Dehradun
was made the capital of Uttarakhand, there was a construction boom, especially in residential property. Modern buildings have gradually supplanted older architectural styles including those related to the British colonial rule of India. Important older buildings still upstanding include the Clock Tower, Forest Research Institute , CNI College, Morrison Memorial Church, Inamullah Building, Jama Masjid, Osho Meditation Centre, Indian Military Academy and Darbar Sahib.

SHOPPING AND ENTERTAINMENT

Paltan Bazaar and Rajpur Road are the economic heart of Dehradun. The largest mall in Dehradun
Dehradun
is currently Pacific Mall at Jakhan. Other malls are also in various stages of proposal, consideration or development, in response to changing demographics, globalisation and purchasing power.

Malls include Crossroads, Pacific, City Junction, Parsvanath Eleganza and Vikas Cine Mall. There are five multiplexes:

* Carnival Cinemas near ISBT, * Silvercity Multiplex on Rajpur Road, * PVR Cinemas in the Pacific Mall , * Big Cinemas inside the Vikas CineMall in Indira Nagar (now defunct.), * Movie Lounge in Crossroad Mall.

There are also some cinema halls which have been here for many years:

* Prabhat Cinemas at Chakrata Road, * Natraj Cinema at Connaught Place, * Orient Cinema Hall at Rajpur Road,

IMAGES

*

Dehradun
Dehradun
night lights: A view from Mussoorie *

Mindroling stupa *

Tara statue and stupas *

Dehradun
Dehradun
Night View From Mussoorie *

Forest Research Institute *

Osho Institute, Dehradun
Dehradun
*

Six-face Clock Tower
Clock Tower
marks the centre of the city

SEE ALSO

* Doiwala * Garhwal * Garhwali people * Tyagis * Haridwar
Haridwar
* MDDA * Nagar Nigam Dehradun
Dehradun
* Nepali people * Roorkee * List of cities in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
and Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
by population

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to DEHRADUN .

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for DEHRADUN .

* ^ A B C D E F G "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. * ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. * ^ Bhushan, Ranjit. "Counter Magnets of NCR". Mydigitalfc.com. Retrieved 1 September 2010. * ^ "देहरादून शहर मार्गदर्शिका" (एचटीएमएल). ट्रेनइन्क्वायरी.कॉम. Retrieved 26 March 2011. * ^ History of Dehradun * ^ Natural Resource Management By B.W. Pandey (ed. By) Page 226 ISBN 81-7099-986-3 Mittal Publications, India
India
Language English (31 March 2005) * ^ The History of Sikh Gurus ISBN 81-8382-075-1 page 112 Chapter 8 * ^ ए ब्रीफ हिस्ट्री एण्ड प्रोफ़ाइल ऑफ़ देहरादून Archived 19 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Uttarakhand सरकार वेबसाइट। * ^ "How Nehru spent his last four days". Mid-day.com. Retrieved 8 December 2014. * ^ "गौरवशाली इतिहास है देहरादून का" (एचटीएमएल). म्यार पहाड़. Retrieved 26 March 2011. * ^ "Altitude" (एचटीएमएल). देहरादून. Retrieved 26 March 2011. * ^ "Important District Indicators" (एचटीएम). देहरादून.निक.इन. Retrieved 26 March 2011. * ^ "Cold Wave Claims 29 Lives in North India". News.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 8 December 2014. * ^ "देहरादून" (एक्सएमएल). उत्तराकृषिप्रभा. Retrieved 26 March 2011. * ^ " Dehradun
Dehradun
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* v * t * e

State and Union Territory capitals of India
India

* Agartala * Aizawl
Aizawl
* Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto) * Bangalore
Bangalore
* Bhopal
Bhopal
* Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
* Chandigarh
Chandigarh
* Chennai
Chennai
* Daman * Dehradun
Dehradun
(interim) * New Delhi
New Delhi
* Dispur * Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar
* Gangtok
Gangtok
* Hyderabad
Hyderabad
* Imphal * Itanagar * Jaipur
Jaipur
* Jammu
Jammu
(in winter) * Kavaratti * Kohima
Kohima
* Kolkata
Kolkata
* Lucknow
Lucknow
* Mumbai
Mumbai
* Panaji
Panaji
* Patna
Patna
* Pondicherry
Pondicherry
* Port Blair * Raipur
Raipur
* Ranchi
Ranchi
* Shillong
Shillong
* Shimla
Shimla
* Silvassa * Srinagar
Srinagar
(in summer) * Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram

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* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 129016322 * GND :

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