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DEPATIE–FRELENG ENTERPRISES (also known as MIRISCH–GEOFFREY–DEPATIE–FRELENG PRODUCTIONS when involved with the Mirisch brothers and Geoffrey Productions; and DFE FILMS) was an American animation production company, active from 1963 to 1981. Based in Burbank, California
Burbank, California
, DFE produced theatrical cartoons, animated series, commercials, film title design sequences and television specials. Notable among these are The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
theatrical cartoons and movie title sequences and the Dr. Seuss
Dr. Seuss
television specials. Most DFE productions are now owned by Marvel Entertainment
Marvel Entertainment
(a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
), with some exceptions.

CONTENTS

* 1 Origins * 2 The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
and other television series * 3 Later years

* 4 List of theatrical and television cartoons

* 4.1 Theatrical series * 4.2 TV series * 4.3 TV specials * 4.4 TV commercials

* 5 Film and television title design

* 6 Former Warner Bros. Cartoons
Warner Bros. Cartoons
employees at DePatie-Freleng

* 6.1 Producers * 6.2 Directors * 6.3 Writers * 6.4 Voices * 6.5 Music

* 7 References * 8 External links

ORIGINS

DFE was founded by two former Warner Bros. Cartoons
Warner Bros. Cartoons
employees, director/composer/producer Friz Freleng
Friz Freleng
and executive David H. DePatie , after Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
closed its animation studio in 1963. Although Freleng and DePatie were no longer working for Warner Bros., a generous gesture from a Warner executive allowed Freleng and DePatie to lease the former Warner cartoons studio on California Street in Burbank, complete with equipment and supplies for a few dollars each year. Although DFE's initial business was commercials and industrial films, several lucky breaks put the new studio into the theatrical cartoon business.

Director Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
contacted DFE and asked them to design a panther character for Edwards's new film, The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
. Pleased with the design for the character, Edwards contracted with DFE to produce the animated titles for the film. Upon the film's release, the titles garnered a tremendous amount of attention, so much that a large amount of the picture's gross is believed to have been generated by the success of DFE's title sequence.

DFE soon agreed to a contract with United Artists
United Artists
to produce a series of cartoon shorts featuring the Pink Panther , which would include over 100 shorts for both theatrical release and television through 1980. Also in 1964, Freleng and DePatie's old employer, Warner Bros., contracted with DFE to produce new Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
and Merrie Melodies cartoons for television.

DePatie and Freleng found themselves overflowing with work. Many of the animators who had worked at Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
in the 1950s and 1960s returned to the old Warner cartoon studio to work for DFE. The first entry in the Pink Panther series, The Pink Phink , was directed by Freleng and won the studio its only Academy Award
Academy Award
in 1964. In 1967, DFE would receive another Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination for The Pink Blueprint .

THE PINK PANTHER AND OTHER TELEVISION SERIES

The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
theatrical series of cartoons became the basis of a Saturday morning television series, The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
Show , which also included theatrical cartoons of The Inspector
The Inspector
and eventually The Ant and the Aardvark, Roland and Rattfink, and The Texas Toads (Tijuana Toads). Like most animated television cartoons at the time, The Pink Panther Show contained a laugh track with narration. The cartoons were edited and in some cases re-dubbed to meet television standards and practices for content.

The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
Show had several incarnations during the 1970s. The show was very popular on NBC's Saturday morning line-up, starting as a half-hour program and expanding a few years later to 90 minutes each week. The studio provided the animated sequences for the 1969–1970 television series My World and Welcome to It based on the drawings of James Thurber
James Thurber
. DFE was one of the subcontractors for the 1964–1967 Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
cartoons, along with Format Films .

The Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
/ Merrie Melodies
Merrie Melodies
shorts made by the studio can be easily identified by their modernized "Abstract WB" opening and closing sequences (although the "Abstract WB" opening and closing sequences were first used in three cartoons made by Warner Bros. Cartoons). DFE didn't continue doing Warner cartoon work until the late 1970s/early 1980s, with the TV specials Bugs Bunny\'s Easter Special
Special
(1977), Bugs Bunny\'s Looney Christmas Tales (1979), and Daffy Duck\'s Easter Show (1980).

DFE also created Return to the Planet of the Apes , which ran on NBC from 1975 to 1976 and The Oddball Couple , which ran on Saturday mornings on ABC from 1975 to 1977. One of the studio's television specials was The Bear Who Slept Through Christmas (1973), with Tommy Smothers voicing the little bear who goes out to find Christmas (in the human world) while his fellow bears head for hibernation. DFE was also responsible for a number of Dr. Seuss
Dr. Seuss
specials, including The Cat In The Hat and different incarnations of The Grinch .

LATER YEARS

Inflation, the increasing costs of producing theatrical cartoons, and the pressures of producing TV series caused the quality of DFE's output to drop in the mid-to-late 1970s. In 1981, Freleng and DePatie sold DFE Films to Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
, and Freleng returned to Warner Bros. Animation
Animation
, which Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
had re-opened the previous year, to produce a series of feature films featuring vintage Warner cartoons with new connecting footage. DePatie made the transition to become the head of Marvel Productions
Marvel Productions
, as DFE was renamed.

Although Marvel produced mainly superhero cartoons and animated series based on licensed toy lines (including Hasbro
Hasbro
properties), it continued to produce new productions starring the Pink Panther (a special for television Pink at First Sight and motion picture titles for Trail of the Pink Panther and Curse of the Pink Panther ). Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Animation
Animation
would later make a 1993 revival show of the Pink Panther as a joint venture between MGM, Mirisch-Geoffrey-DePatie-Freleng and United Artists, a decade after DFE's merger with Marvel and Mirisch/UA's merger into MGM.

In the 1990s, Marvel sold its animation catalog to Saban Entertainment . In 2001, Saban , Fox Family and Fox Kids
Fox Kids
were sold to The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
, with the Dr. Seuss
Dr. Seuss
material and all other licensed properties belonging to their respective owners. Disney also bought Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
in 2009, bringing DFE's libraries of all-original and Marvel Comics-based cartoons full circle under one roof; all of these properties are now distributed by Disney–ABC Domestic Television . (At the present time, however, the copyrights for both The Houndcats and The Barkleys appear not to have been renewed, and are therefore in the public domain .)

While the television catalog has often changed hands over the years, the theatrical cartoons continue to be owned by their original distributors: United Artists
United Artists
(via its current corporate parent, MGM ) for the Mirisch Company cartoon library and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
for the Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
/ Merrie Melodies
Merrie Melodies
cartoons.

LIST OF THEATRICAL AND TELEVISION CARTOONS

In a short time, DFE began producing television shows as well as theatricals and specials, becoming a competitor to Hanna-Barbera
Hanna-Barbera
and Filmation
Filmation
. The studio's various cartoons, specials and shows are listed below.

THEATRICAL SERIES

ORIGINAL SERIES

TITLE YEARS NOTES

The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
1964–1980

The Inspector
The Inspector
1965–1969

Roland and Rattfink 1968–1971

The Ant and the Aardvark
The Ant and the Aardvark
1969–1971

Tijuana Toads 1969–1972

The Blue Racer
The Blue Racer
1972–1974

Hoot Kloot 1973–1975

The Dogfather 1974–1976

COMMISSIONED SERIES

* Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
and Merrie Melodies
Merrie Melodies
(for Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
, 1964–1967)

TV SERIES

TITLE YEARS NETWORK NOTES

The Super 6 1966–1967 NBC
NBC

Super President 1967–1968 NBC
NBC

Here Comes the Grump 1969–1971 NBC
NBC

The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
Show

*

* Misterjaw
Misterjaw
(shorts; 1976) * Crazylegs Crane (shorts; 1978)

1969–1980 NBC
NBC
/ABC co-production with United Artists
United Artists
Television and Mirisch Films

Doctor Dolittle 1970–1971 NBC
NBC
co-production with 20th Century Fox Television
20th Century Fox Television

The Barkleys 1972–1973 NBC
NBC

The Houndcats 1972–1973 NBC
NBC
co-production with Viacom
Viacom
Enterprises

Bailey\'s Comets 1973–1975 CBS
CBS

The Oddball Couple 1975 ABC co-production with Paramount Television

Return to the Planet of the Apes 1975–1976 NBC
NBC
co-production with 20th Century Fox Television
20th Century Fox Television

Baggy Pants and the Nitwits 1977–1978 NBC
NBC

What\'s New, Mr. Magoo? 1977–1979 CBS
CBS
co-production with United Productions of America

The New Fantastic Four 1978 NBC
NBC
co-production with Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
Animation

Spider-Woman 1979–1980 ABC co-production with Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
Animation

COMMISSIONED SERIES

* Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(" The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
karate-chops a K") (for The Jim Henson Company and Children\'s Television Workshop ) (1977) * Doctor Snuggles (for Polyscope Productions, with Topcraft ) (1979)

TV SPECIALS

ORIGINAL SPECIALS

AIRDATE TITLE NETWORK NOTES

April 7, 1970 Goldilocks and the Three Bears NBC
NBC
co-production with the Mirisch Company

March 10, 1971 The Cat in the Hat CBS
CBS

February 14, 1972 The Lorax CBS
CBS

November 12, 1972 Clerow Wilson and the Miracle of P.S. 14 NBC
NBC

January 6, 1973 Luvcast U.S.A. ABC episode of The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie

February 7, 1973 The Incredible, Indelible, Magical, Physical Mystery Trip ABC an ABC Afterschool Special
ABC Afterschool Special

October 15, 1973 Dr. Seuss
Dr. Seuss
on the Loose CBS
CBS

December 17, 1973 The Bear Who Slept Through Christmas NBC
NBC

April 3, 1974 Clerow Wilson's Great Escape NBC
NBC

May 15, 1974 The Magical Mystery Trip Through Little Red's Head ABC an ABC Afterschool Special
ABC Afterschool Special

February 19, 1975 The Hoober-Bloob Highway CBS
CBS

December 14, 1975 The Tiny Tree NBC
NBC

February 16, 1977 My Mom\'s Having a Baby ABC an ABC Afterschool Special
ABC Afterschool Special
, a co-production with Dick Clark Productions

October 29, 1977 Halloween Is Grinch Night
Halloween Is Grinch Night
ABC

February 1, 1978 Michel's Mixed-Up Musical Bird ABC an ABC Afterschool Special
ABC Afterschool Special

December 7, 1978 The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
in: A Pink Christmas ABC

February 22, 1980 The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
in: Olym-Pinks ABC

March 5, 1980 Where Do Teenagers Come From? ABC an ABC Afterschool Special
ABC Afterschool Special

May 2, 1980 Pontoffel Pock, Where Are You? ABC

1981 Dennis the Menace: Mayday for Mother NBC
NBC

February 14, 1981 Pink at First Sight ABC production finished by Marvel Productions

May 20, 1982 The Grinch Grinches the Cat in the Hat ABC production finished by Marvel Productions

COMMISSIONED SPECIALS

AIRDATE TITLE NETWORK NOTES

April 7, 1977 Bugs Bunny\'s Easter Special
Special
CBS
CBS
for Warner Bros.

November 27, 1979 Bugs Bunny\'s Looney Christmas Tales CBS
CBS
for Warner Bros.

April 1, 1980 Daffy Duck\'s Easter Special
Special
NBC
NBC
for Warner Bros.

TV COMMERCIALS

* Time for Timer * The Bod Squad * Charlie the Tuna * Little Caesars
Little Caesars

FILM AND TELEVISION TITLE DESIGN

PINK PANTHER SERIES

* The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
(1963) * A Shot in the Dark (1964) * Inspector Clouseau (1968) * The Return of the Pink Panther (sub-contracted to Richard Williams Studio, 1975) * The Pink Panther
The Pink Panther
Strikes Again (sub-contracted to Richard Williams Studio, 1976) * Revenge of the Pink Panther
Revenge of the Pink Panther
(1978)

OTHER FILMS AND TV SERIES

* The Dead Ringer (1964) * The Best Man (1964) * Sex and the Single Girl (1964) * How to Murder Your Wife (1965) * Love Has Many Faces (1965) * The Satan Bug
The Satan Bug
(1965) * the maps used in The Hallelujah Trail (1965) * The Art of Love (1965) * The Great Race (1965) * The Wild Wild West
The Wild Wild West
(TV series, 1965) * I Dream of Jeannie
I Dream of Jeannie
(TV series, 1965–1970) * Do Not Disturb (1965) * The Trouble with Angels (1966) * the animated films parodying the Bell Telephone films in The President\'s Analyst (1967) * With Six You Get Eggroll (1968) * My World and Welcome to It (TV series, 1969–1971) * Star Wars
Star Wars
(1977) (special effects) * Capricorn One (1978) (special effects) * The Wild Wild West
The Wild Wild West
Revisited (TV film, 1979) * More Wild Wild West (TV film, 1979)

FORMER WARNER BROS. CARTOONS EMPLOYEES AT DEPATIE-FRELENG

In the beginning, DePatie-Freleng had virtually the same facilities, personnel and producer as Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Cartoons. Although Chuck Jones would later work with DePate-Freleng on The Cat in the Hat, Jones and most of his group of artists ended up at Sib Tower 12 Productions independently producing new Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
cartoons for MGM.

Although many DePatie-Freleng employees contributed greatly to the success of its product, story artist and Disney and Warner alumnus John W. Dunn created most of the studios' new cartoon series, both for theatrical release and for television. These series included The Ant ">

* ^ The exceptions include all Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
and Merrie Melodies cartoons (owned by Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
), all cartoons produced for United Artists (owned by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
), the Dr. Seuss
Dr. Seuss
cartoon specials it produced (currently licensed from copyright owner Dr. Seuss Enterprises through Warner Bros.), Doctor Dolittle and Return to the Planet of the Apes (owned by 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
), The Tiny Tree (owned by sponsor AT"> * ^ "Irreverent Imagination: The Golden Age of Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
– Video Dailymotion". Dailymotion. 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2016-10-24. * ^ A B http://bakertoons.blogspot.com/2010/12/david-h-depatie-interview-part-1.html?m=1>

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Unofficial DePatie-Freleng website *

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