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David Edward Bonior (born June 6, 1945) is an American politician from the US state of Michigan. First elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976, Bonior served as Democratic whip in the House from 1991 to 2002, during which time Democrats were in both the majority (1991–1995) and minority (1995–2002), making Bonior the third and second highest-ranking Democrat in the House, respectively. During his tenure in office, Bonior was the public face of Democratic opposition to the North American Free Trade Agreement
North American Free Trade Agreement
(NAFTA),[1] and was known for his tenacity in opposing Republican Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich, against whom Bonior filed more than seventy-five ethics charges.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Post-congressional career 4 References 5 External links

Early life[edit] Bonior was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Irene (Gavreluk) and Edward Bonior.[3] He traces his family history from Ukraine
Ukraine
and Poland.[4][5] He graduated from Notre Dame High School in Harper Woods, Michigan, in 1963, where he excelled in sports. He received a B.A. from the University of Iowa, where he also played football and became a member of the Iowa Beta chapter of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, in 1967. He received an M.A. from Chapman College in Orange, California, in 1972. He served in the United States
United States
Air Force during the peak of the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
from 1968 to 1972, though not in Vietnam. He was a founder of the Vietnam Era Veterans Caucus on Capitol Hill and was a strong support of the Vietnam veterans' movement. Political career[edit] Bonior was a Democratic member of the Michigan
Michigan
State House of Representatives from 1973 to 1976. In 1976, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 12th District (based in Macomb County) for the 95th and to the twelve succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1977 to January 3, 2003. His district was renumbered as the 10th in 1993, after Michigan
Michigan
lost a House seat as a result of the 1990 United States
United States
Census. From 1991 to 2002, Bonior was the House Democratic Whip. He served as Majority Whip in the 102nd and 103rd Congresses. He was Minority Whip for the 104th through 107th Congresses. While the Democrats were in the majority, Bonior was the third-ranking Democrat in the House, behind Speaker Tom Foley
Tom Foley
and House Majority Leader
House Majority Leader
Dick Gephardt. While they were in the minority, Bonior was second-in-command behind Gephardt. In Congress, Bonior generally had a progressive voting record, but opposed abortion in most cases.[6] In 1991 he strongly supported recognition of Ukraine
Ukraine
as an independent nation and was critical of the Bush administration on that matter.[5] For most of his tenure in Congress, Bonior represented a fairly compact district in Macomb and St. Clair counties northeast of Detroit. However, after the 2000 United States
United States
Census, Michigan
Michigan
lost one of its 16 seats in the House of Representatives. The redistricting process was controlled by the Republican majority in the state legislature, and Bonior's home in Mount Clemens
Mount Clemens
was shifted from the 10th District to the 12th District. That district had long been represented by Democrat Sandy Levin, a longtime friend of Bonior's. At the same time, the state legislature radically altered the 10th, extending it all the way to the Thumb. The new 10th was considerably more rural and Republican than its predecessor; George W. Bush narrowly won the old 10th, but would have won the new 10th by a large margin. By all accounts, the 10th had been redrawn for popular Republican Michigan
Michigan
Secretary of State and Macomb County
Macomb County
resident Candice Miller. Bonior opted to run for Governor of Michigan, and stepped down as House Democratic Whip in early 2002. He lost in a heavily contested primary between former Governor James Blanchard, and then-Michigan Attorney General and eventual nominee Jennifer Granholm, who went on to be elected to two terms as governor. Meanwhile, Candice Miller easily won Bonior's old House seat and held it until retiring in 2016. Post-congressional career[edit] Following his retirement from the House, Bonior became a professor of labor studies at Wayne State University,[7] and founded American Rights at Work, a union advocacy organization of which he currently serves as chairman.[8] In 2006, former Senator John Edwards
John Edwards
chose Bonior to run his campaign for the presidency in 2008.[9] Bonior served as campaign manager for the duration of Edwards' candidacy. Upon the election of Barack Obama in November 2008, Bonior was a member of the President-Elect's economic advisory board.[10]

Bonior's Congressional District from 1993 to 2003

He has also become a restaurateur, owning and operating the restaurants Agua 301 and Zest.[11] Bonior is a member of the ReFormers Caucus of Issue One.[12] References[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original works written by or about: David E. Bonior

^ Akers, Mary Ann. Where Are They Now? David Bonior, Bill Clinton Archived October 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. washingtonpost.com The Sleuth. 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-08-08. ^ CNN-Time All Politics. Players: David A. (sic.) Bonior, 1997-03-03. Retrieved 2008-08-08. ^ Bonior, David E. (January 1, 2001). "Walking to Mackinac". University of Michigan
Michigan
Press. Retrieved October 24, 2016 – via Google Books.  ^ [dead link]"A Family Journey into Industrial America". Macomb Community College. Retrieved 7 September 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ a b GREETINGS, CONGRATULATIONS AND BEST WISHES, The Ukrainian Weekly (8 December 1991) ^ "FindArticles.com - CBSi". Retrieved October 24, 2016.  ^ Wayne State University
Wayne State University
Public Relations. Former U.S. Congressman David Bonior
David Bonior
donates personal papers to Wayne State University's Walter P. Reuther Library. 2003-02-19. Retrieved 2008-08-08. ^ American Rights at Work. David Bonior
David Bonior
Archived October 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2008-08-08. ^ Christensen, Rob. Edwards aide seen as pit bull Archived June 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Raleigh News & Observer 2006-12-11. Retrieved 2008-08-08 ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Calmes, Jackie (7 November 2008). "Obama Seeks Speedy Action on Economy". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 February 2015.  ^ Nnamdi, Kojo (4 February 2015). "How Congress Has Shaped D.C.'s Dining Culture". The Kojo Nnamdi
Kojo Nnamdi
Show. WAMU. Retrieved 4 February 2015.  ^ "ReFormers Caucus - Issue One". Retrieved October 24, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress Appearances on C-SPAN

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by James G. O'Hara Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 12th congressional district 1977–1993 Succeeded by Sander Levin

Preceded by Dave Camp Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 10th congressional district 1993–2003 Succeeded by Candice Miller

Preceded by William H. Gray III House Majority Whip 1991–1995 Succeeded by Tom DeLay

Preceded by Newt Gingrich House Minority Whip 1995–2002 Succeeded by Nancy Pelosi

Party political offices

Preceded by Bill Alexander House Democratic Chief Deputy Whip 1987–1991 Succeeded by Butler Derrick Barbara Kennelly John Lewis

Preceded by William H. Gray III House Democratic Whip 1991–2002 Succeeded by Nancy Pelosi

v t e

Minority Whips of the United States
United States
House of Representatives

Underwood Lloyd Dwight Burke Hamilton Oldfield McDuffie Bachmann Englebright Arends McCormack Arends McCormack Arends Michel Lott Cheney Gingrich Bonior Pelosi Hoyer Blunt Cantor Hoyer

v t e

Majority Whips of the U.S. House of Representatives

Tawney Watson Dwight Bell Knutson Vestal McDuffie Greenwood Boland Ramspeck Sparkman Arends Priest Arends Albert Boggs O'Neill McFall Brademas Foley Coelho Gray Bonior DeLay Blunt Clyburn McCarthy Scalise

v t e

Democratic Whips of the U.S. House of Representatives

Underwood Lloyd Bell Oldfield McDuffie Greenwood Boland Ramspeck Sparkman McCormack Priest McCormack Albert Boggs O'Neill McFall Brademas Foley Coelho Gray Bonior Pelosi Hoyer Clyburn Hoyer

v t e

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan

Territory

Woodbridge Sibley Richard Wing Biddle Wing Lyon Jones

At-large

Crary J. Howard Kelley Staebler

1st district

McClelland Buel Penniman D. Stuart W. Howard Cooper W. Howard Granger Beaman Waldron Field A. S. Williams Newberry Lord Maybury J. L. Chipman Griffin Corliss Lucking Denby Doremus Codd Clancy Sosnowski Clancy Sadowski Tenerowicz Sadowski Machrowicz Nedzi Conyers Stupak Benishek Bergman

2nd district

Lyon J. S. Chipman E. Bradley C. Stuart Sprague C. Stuart Noble Waldron Beaman Upson Stoughton Waldron Willits Eldredge Allen Gorman Spalding H. Smith Townsend Wedemeyer Beakes Bacon Beakes Michener Lehr Michener Meader Vivian Esch Pursell Hoekstra Huizenga

3rd district

Hunt Bingham J. Conger Clark Walbridge Kellogg Longyear Blair Willard McGowan Lacey O'Donnell Burrows Milnes A. Todd Gardner J. Smith Frankhauser J. Smith A. B. Williams Hooper Kimball Main Shafer Johansen P. Todd G. Brown Wolpe Henry Ehlers Amash

4th district

Stevens Peck Leach Trowbridge Kellogg Ferry Foster Burrows Potter Keightley Burrows Yaple Burrows Thomas Hamilton Ketcham Foulkes Hoffman Hutchinson Stockman Siljander Upton Camp Moolenaar

5th district

Baldwin Trowbridge O. Conger Foster W. Williams Stone Webber Houseman Comstock M. Ford Belknap M. Ford Belknap Richardson W. Smith Diekema Sweet Mapes Jonkman G. Ford Vander Veen Sawyer Henry Barcia D. E. Kildee D. T. Kildee

6th district

Driggs Strickland Sutherland Begole Durand Brewer Spaulding Winans Brewer Stout Aitken S. Smith Kelley Hudson Person Cady Blackney Transue Blackney Clardy Hayworth Chamberlain Carr Dunn Carr Upton

7th district

O. Conger Rich Carleton Whiting Snover Weeks McMorran Cramton Wolcott McIntosh O'Hara Mackie Riegle D. E. Kildee N. Smith Schwarz Walberg Schauer Walberg

8th district

N. Bradley Ellsworth Horr Tarsney Bliss Youmans Linton Brucker Fordney Vincent Hart Crawford Bentley Harvey Traxler Carr Chrysler Stabenow Rogers M. Bishop

9th district

Hubbell Cutcheon H. Wheeler Moon R. Bishop McLaughlin Harry W. Musselwhite Engel Thompson Griffin Vander Jagt D. E. Kildee Knollenberg Peters Levin

10th district

Hatch Fisher F. Wheeler Weadock Crump Aplin Loud Woodruff Loud Currie Woodruff Cederberg Albosta Schuette Camp Bonior Miller Mitchell

11th district

Breitung Moffatt Seymour Stephenson Avery Mesick Darragh Dodds Lindquist Scott Bohn P. Brown Luecke F. Bradley Potter Knox Clevenger Ruppe Davis Knollenberg McCotter Curson Bentivolio Trott

12th district

Stephenson Shelden Young MacDonald James Hook Bennett Hook Bennett O'Hara Bonior Levin J. Dingell Jr. D. Dingell

13th district

Nichols McLeod Brennan McLeod O'Brien McLeod O'Brien Coffin O'Brien Diggs Crockett Collins W. Ford Rivers Kilpatrick Clarke Conyers

14th district

Weideman Rabaut Youngblood Rabaut Ryan Nedzi Hertel Conyers Peters Lawrence

15th district

J. Dingell Sr. J. Dingell Jr. W. Ford Collins Kilpatrick J. Dingell Jr.

16th district

Lesinski Sr. Lesinski Jr. J. Dingell Jr.

17th district

Dondero Oakman Griffiths Brodhead Levin

18th district

Dondero Broomfield Huber Blanchard Broomfield

19th district

Farnum McDonald Broomfield

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 201693102 LCCN: n84104185 SUDOC: 077385993 US

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