DARTH VADER, also known by his birth name ANAKIN SKYWALKER, is a
fictional character in the
Star Wars franchise. Vader appears in
the original film trilogy as a pivotal antagonist whose actions drive
the plot, while his past as Anakin Skywalker and the story of his
corruption are central to the narrative of the prequel trilogy .
The character was created by
George Lucas and has been portrayed by
numerous actors. His appearances span the first six
Star Wars films,
as well as
Rogue One , and his character is heavily referenced in Star
Wars: The Force Awakens . He is also an important character in the
Star Wars expanded universe of television series, video games, novels,
literature and comic books. Originally a
Jedi prophesied to bring
balance to the Force , he falls to the dark side of the Force and
serves the evil Galactic Empire at the right hand of his
Palpatine (also known as Darth Sidious). He is also the
Luke Skywalker and
Princess Leia Organa , secret husband of
Padmé Amidala and grandfather of
Kylo Ren .
Darth Vader has become one of the most iconic villains in popular
culture, and has been listed among the greatest villains and fictional
characters ever. The
American Film Institute
American Film Institute listed him as the third
greatest movie villain in cinema history on 100 Years... 100 Heroes
and Villains , behind
Hannibal Lecter and
Norman Bates . However,
other critics consider him a tragic hero , citing his original
motivations for the greater good before his fall to the dark side.
* 1 Creation and development
* 1.1 Concept and writing
* 1.2 Design
* 1.3 Portrayals
* 2 Appearances
* 2.1 Featured films
* 2.1.1 Original trilogy
* 2.1.2 Prequel trilogy
* 126.96.36.199 The Clone Wars (film)
* 2.1.3 Anthology films
Virtual reality film
* 2.2 Television series
* 2.2.1 The Clone Wars (2008-14)
* 2.2.2 Rebels (2014)
* 2.2.3 Forces of Destiny (2017)
* 2.3 Comics
Star Wars canon literature
* 2.5 Legends
* 2.5.1 Star Wars: Clone Wars microseries
* 2.5.2 Literature
* 2.5.3 Comics
* 2.6 Video games
* 2.7 Other
* 3 Characteristics
* 4 Cultural impact
* 5 Family tree
* 6 Notes
* 7 References
* 8 External links
CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT
George Lucas, creator of
CONCEPT AND WRITING
In the first draft of The Star Wars, tall, grim general "Darth Vader"
was already close in line with his final depiction, and the
protagonist "Anikin Starkiller" had a role similar to Luke Skywalker's
as the 16-year-old son of a respected warrior.
After the success of the original
Star Wars (1977), series creator
George Lucas hired science fiction author
Leigh Brackett to write the
sequel with him. They held story conferences and, by late November
1977, Lucas had produced a handwritten treatment. The treatment is
similar to the final film, except that Vader does not reveal he is
Luke's father. In the first draft that Brackett would write from this,
Luke's father appears as a ghost to instruct Luke. Lucas was
disappointed with the script, but Brackett died of cancer before he
could discuss it with her. With no writer available, Lucas had to
write the next draft himself. In this draft, he made use of a new plot
twist: Vader claiming to be Luke's father. According to Lucas, he
found this draft enjoyable to write, as opposed to the year-long
struggles writing the first film.
The new plot element of Luke's parentage had drastic effects on the
series. Michael Kaminski argues in his book that it is unlikely that
the plot point had ever seriously been considered or even conceived of
before 1978, and that the first film was clearly operating under an
alternate storyline where Vader was a separate character from Luke's
father. After writing the second and third drafts in which the plot
point was introduced, Lucas reviewed the new backstory he had created:
Anakin had been
Obi-Wan Kenobi 's brilliant student and had a child
named Luke, but was swayed to the dark side by
Palpatine . Anakin
battled Kenobi on the site of a volcano and was badly wounded, but was
then reborn as Vader. Meanwhile, Kenobi hid Luke on
Tatooine while the
Galactic Republic became the tyrannical Galactic Empire and Vader
systematically hunted down and killed the Jedi. This change in
character would provide a springboard to the "Tragedy of Darth Vader"
storyline that underlies the prequel trilogy .
After deciding to create the prequel trilogy , Lucas indicated the
series would be a tragic one depicting Anakin's fall to the dark side.
He also saw that the prequels could form the beginning of one long
story that started with Anakin's childhood and ended with his death.
This was the final step towards turning the film series into a "saga".
Darth Vader designers
Ralph McQuarrie Brian Muir
For the first prequel, Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace
(1999), Lucas made Anakin nine years old to make the character's
separation from his mother more poignant. Movie trailers focused on
Anakin and a one-sheet poster showing him casting Vader's shadow
informed otherwise unknowing audiences of the character's eventual
fate. The movie ultimately achieved a primary goal of introducing
audiences to Anakin.
Michael Kaminski, in The Secret History of Star Wars, offers evidence
that issues in Anakin's fall to the dark side prompted Lucas to make
massive story changes, first revising the opening sequence of the
third prequel, Revenge of the
Sith (2005), to have
and his apprentice,
Count Dooku , killed by Anakin as the first act in
the latter's turn towards the dark side. After principal photography
was complete in 2003, Lucas made even more massive changes in Anakin's
character, re-writing his entire turn to the dark side; Anakin's fall
from grace would now be motivated by a desire to save his wife, Padmé
Amidala , rather than the previous version in which that reason was
one of several, including that he genuinely believed that the Jedi
were plotting to take over the Republic. This fundamental re-write was
accomplished both through editing the principal footage, and new and
revised scenes filmed during pick-ups in 2004.
During production of the Clone Wars TV series,
Ahsoka Tano was
developed to illustrate how Anakin develops from the brash,
undisciplined Padawan apprentice in Attack of the Clones (2002) to the
Jedi Knight in Revenge of the Sith. Clone Wars
supervising director and Rebels co-creator
Dave Filoni said that
giving Anakin responsibility for a Padawan was meant to place the
character in a role that forced him to become more cautious and
responsible. It would also give him insight into his relationship with
Obi-Wan and depict how their relationship matured. Ahsoka and Anakin's
relationship was seen as an essential story arc spanning both the
animated film and Clone Wars television series. Filoni began thinking
about the final confrontation between Ahsoka and Vader ever since he
created Ahsoka; different iterations had different endings,
including one in which Vader kills Ahsoka just as she slashes open his
helmet to reveal Anakin's scarred face.
Ahsoka's presence in
Star Wars Rebels was necessary to allow Darth
Vader to encounter the show's lead characters without the latter being
"destroyed"; Ahsoka can "stand toe-to-toe" with Vader.
In Rebels Recon of the episode The Holocrons of Fate, Filoni reveals
that he has always felt that one of the reasons for Anakin's turn to
the dark side was the lack of compassion of the Jedi; in their
dedication to selflessness, they "almost forgot to care".
Ralph McQuarrie incorporated
Samurai armour into his conceptual
designs for Vader's costume in 1975
The original design of Darth Vader's costume did not originally
include a helmet. The idea that Vader should wear a breathing
apparatus was first proposed by concept artist
Ralph McQuarrie during
preproduction discussions for
Star Wars with
George Lucas in 1975. In
an interview with
Star Wars Insider Magazine, McQuarrie stated that
Lucas's artistic direction was to portray a malevolent figure in a
Samurai armour . "For Darth Vader, George just said he
would like to have a very tall, dark fluttering figure that had a
spooky feeling like it came in on the wind." McQuarrie noted that the
script indicated that Vader would travel between spaceships and needed
to survive in the vacuum of space , and he proposed that Vader should
wear some sort of space suit . Lucas agreed, and McQuarrie combined a
full-face breathing mask with a
Samurai helmet , thus creating one of
the most iconic designs of space fantasy cinema. McQuarrie's 1975
production painting of
Darth Vader engaged in a lightsaber duel with
Starkiller (a character prototype for
Luke Skywalker ) depicts
Vader wearing black armour, a flowing cape and an elongated,
skull-like mask and helmet. Its similarity to the final design of
Vader's costume demonstrates that McQuarrie's earliest conception of
Vader was so successful that very little needed to be changed for
Working from McQuarrie's designs, the prop sculptor Brian Muir
created the helmet and armour used in the film.
The sound of the respirator function of Vader's mask was created by
Ben Burtt using modified recordings of scuba breathing apparatus used
by divers. The sound effect is trademarked in the U.S. Patent and
Trademark Office under
Trademark #77419252 and is officially described
in the documentation as "The sound of rhythmic mechanical human
breathing created by breathing through a scuba tank regulator."
Commentators have often pointed to the influence of Akira Kurosawa
’s films such as
The Hidden Fortress (1958) on George Lucas, and
Vader's Samurai-inspired costume design is held up as a significant
example of the Japanese influences on Star Wars.
David Prowse physically portrayed
Darth Vader in the original
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones provided the voice of Darth
Vader in the original trilogy and Rogue One.
Darth Vader was portrayed by bodybuilder
David Prowse in the original
film trilogy, and by stunt performer Bob Anderson during the
character's intense lightsaber fight scenes. Lucas originally
Orson Welles to voice Vader (after dismissing using
Prowse's own voice due to his English
West Country accent, leading to
the rest of the cast nicknaming him "Darth Farmer"). After deciding
that Welles's voice would be too recognizable, he cast the
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones instead. Jones initially felt his
contributions to the films were too small to warrant recognition and
his role was uncredited at his request until the release of Return of
Jedi (1983). When Jones was specifically asked if he had supplied
Vader's voice for Revenge of the Sith—either newly or from a
previous recording—Jones answered, "You'd have to ask Lucas about
that. I don't know". The character has also been voiced by Scott
Lawrence and Matt Sloan for several video games. Hayden Christensen
and Gene Bryant alternately portray Vader in Revenge of the Sith.
During the production of Revenge of the Sith, Christensen asked Lucas
if a special Vader suit could be constructed to fit his own body,
rather than have a different actor don one of the original sets of
Vader armor worn by Prowse.
Brock Peters provided the voice of Darth
Vader in the NPR/USC radio series . Both
Spencer Wilding and Daniel
Naprous portrayed Vader in
Rogue One (2016), with Jones reprising his
role as the character's voice.
During production of Return of the Jedi, the casting crew sought an
experienced actor for the role of Anakin Skywalker since his death was
unquestionably the emotional climax of the film, and Sebastian Shaw
was selected for the role. When Shaw arrived at the set for filming,
he ran into his friend
Ian McDiarmid , the actor playing the Emperor.
When McDiarmid asked him what he was doing there, Shaw responded, "I
don't know, dear boy, I think it's something to do with
science-fiction." His presence during the filming was kept secret
from all but the minimum cast and crew, and Shaw was contractually
obliged not to discuss any film secrets with anyone, even his family.
The unmasking scene, directed by
Richard Marquand , was filmed in one
day and required only a few takes, with no alteration from the
original dialogue. Lucas personally directed Shaw for his appearance
in the final scene of the film, in which he is a Force Ghost of
Anakin. Shaw's image in this scene was replaced with that of
Christensen in the 2004 DVD release. This last attempt to tie the
prequel and original trilogies together proved to be possibly the most
controversial change in the
Star Wars re-releases . Shaw received
more fan mail and autograph requests from Return of the
Jedi than he
had for any role in the rest of his career. He later reflected that he
very much enjoyed his experience filming for Return of the
expressed particular surprise that an action figure was made of him
from the film.
When The Phantom Menace was being produced, hundreds of actors were
tested for the role of young Anakin before the producers settled on
Jake Lloyd who Lucas considered met his requirements of "a good actor,
enthusiastic and very energetic". Producer
Rick McCallum said that
Lloyd was "smart, mischievous and loves anything mechanical—just
like Anakin." During production of Attack of the Clones, casting
director Robin Gurland reviewed about 1,500 other candidates for the
role of the young adult Anakin before Lucas eventually selected Hayden
Christensen for the role. When Revenge of the
Sith was being
produced, Christensen and
Ewan McGregor began rehearsing their
climactic lightsaber duel long before Lucas would shoot it. They
trained extensively with stunt coordinator
Nick Gillard to memorize
and perform their duel together. As in the previous two prequel films,
McGregor and Christensen performed their own lightsaber fighting
scenes without the use of stunt doubles.
Anakin has also been voiced by
Mat Lucas for the 2003 micro-series
Star Wars: Clone Wars , and by
Matt Lanter in the CGI animated film
Star Wars: The Clone Wars , the television series of the same name and
for Anakin's cameos in
Star Wars Rebels . For Vader's appearances in
Star Wars Rebels animated series,
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones has reprised
the voice role. Both Lanter and Jones contributed their voices for
the second-season finale of Rebels, at times with identical dialogue
spoken by both actors blended together in different ways.
Darth Vader appears in seven of the eight live-action
Star Wars films
and The Clone Wars animated film and spinoff series . He has a
recurring role in
Star Wars expanded universe material.
Darth Vader first appears in
Star Wars as a ruthless cyborg serving
the Galactic Empire . He is tasked, along with Imperial commander
Grand Moff Tarkin , to recover the secret technical plans for the
Death Star , which were stolen by the
Rebel Alliance . Vader captures
Princess Leia Organa , who has hidden the plans inside
R2-D2 and sent it to find
Obi-Wan Kenobi on the
Tatooine . During Leia's rescue, Vader kills Obi-Wan in a
lightsaber duel. Having placed a tracking device aboard the Millennium
Falcon , Vader is able to track down the Rebels' base on the planet
Yavin 4. During the Rebels' attack on the Death Star, Vader attempts
to shoot down Luke's
X-wing fighter , but
Han Solo intervenes and
sends Vader's ship spiraling off course, allowing Luke to destroy the
The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back , Vader becomes obsessed with finding Luke
and leads the Imperial attack on the Rebel base on
Hoth , but the
Rebels escape. While conversing with the Emperor, Vader convinces him
that Luke would be valuable to the Empire if he could be turned to the
dark side of the Force . Vader hires a group of bounty hunters to
follow Luke and his friends, and negotiates with
Lando Calrissian to set a trap for them so that Luke will follow them.
After Han, Leia,
Chewbacca , and
C-3PO arrive, Vader tortures Han,
freezes him in carbonite and gives him to bounty hunter
Boba Fett .
When Luke arrives, Vader defeats Luke in a lightsaber duel, severing
his opponent's hand. Vader then tells Luke that he is his father and
asks Luke to help him overthrow the Emperor so they can rule the
galaxy together. Horrified, Luke escapes through an air shaft. Vader
telepathically tells Luke that it is his destiny to join the dark
In Return of the
Jedi , Vader and the Emperor are supervising the
second Death Star's construction. Unknown to Vader, the Emperor
intends to replace him with Luke as his apprentice. Thinking that
there is still good in his father, Luke surrenders to Vader in hopes
that he can be redeemed. Vader brings Luke to the Emperor onboard the
Death Star. While there, the Emperor implores Luke to join the dark
side by appealing to the young Jedi's fear for his friends, which
leads to Vader dueling with Luke once again. Realizing that Leia is
Luke's twin sister, Vader threatens to turn her to the dark side if
Luke will not submit. Furious, Luke overpowers Vader and severs his
father's robotic hand. The Emperor orders Luke to kill Vader and take
his place. Luke refuses, however, and the Emperor tortures him with
Force lightning . Moved by Luke's pleas for help, Vader throws the
Emperor down the Death Star's reactor core to his death; he is
mortally wounded by the Emperor's lightning in the process. After
asking Luke to remove his mask, the redeemed Anakin Skywalker tells
his son that there was good in him after all before he dies. Luke
Death Star with his father's remains, and ceremonially
burns them in a pyre . Anakin's spirit reunites with those of Obi-Wan
Yoda to watch over Luke and his friends as the Rebels celebrate
the Death Star's destruction and the fall of the Empire.
Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker in Revenge of the Sith.
Anakin first appears in the prequel trilogy in Star Wars: Episode I
– The Phantom Menace , which takes place 32 years before the
original Star Wars, as a young slave living on the planet Tatooine
with his mother Shmi . Anakin was conceived without a father and he
can foresee the future. Also a gifted pilot and mechanic, Anakin has
built his own protocol droid,
Qui-Gon Jinn meets
Anakin after making an emergency landing on Tatooine. Qui-Gon senses
Anakin's strong connection to the Force and becomes convinced that the
boy is the "Chosen One" of
Jedi prophecy who will bring balance to the
Force. After winning his freedom in a podrace, Anakin leaves for
Coruscant to be trained as a Jedi, but is forced to leave Shmi behind.
During the journey, Anakin forms a bond with
Padmé Amidala , the
young queen of
Naboo . Qui-Gon asks the
Jedi Council for permission to
train Anakin, but they sense fear in the boy and refuse. Eventually,
Anakin helps thwart the
Trade Federation 's invasion of
destroying their command ship. After Qui-Gon is killed in a lightsaber
Darth Maul , Obi-Wan promises to train Anakin,
with the Council's reluctant approval.
Anakin is Obi-Wan's Padawan apprentice in Star Wars: Episode II –
Attack of the Clones , which takes place 10 years after The Phantom
Menace. Having rescued Padmé, who is now a senator, from an
assassination attempt, Anakin travels with her to Naboo, where they
fall in love. Sensing that Shmi is in pain, Anakin travels to Tatooine
to rescue her. While there, Anakin learns she was kidnapped by Tusken
Raiders . Anakin locates Shmi at the Tusken campsite, where she dies
in his arms. Anakin, enraged, massacres the Tuskens and returns to the
Lars homestead to bury Shmi. Anakin travels with Padmé to Geonosis
to rescue Obi-Wan from
Count Dooku , Qui-Gon's old master
and leader of the Separatists, a conspiracy of star systems bent on
seceding from the
Galactic Republic . Dooku captures them, however,
and sentences them to death. However, a cadre of
Jedi arrives with the
Kaminoan clone army to halt their executions. Obi-Wan and Anakin
confront Dooku during the ensuing battle, but the
Sith Lord beats them
both in a lightsaber duel and severs Anakin's arm.
Yoda intervenes and
rescues the Jedi. By the end of the film, Anakin is fitted with a
robotic arm and marries Padmé in secret.
In Star Wars:
Episode III – Revenge of the
Sith , set three years
after Attack of the Clones, Anakin is now a
Jedi Knight and a hero of
the Clone Wars. He and Obi-Wan lead a mission to rescue
General Grievous on board his starship. When the
Jedi encounter Dooku, Anakin subdues the
Sith Lord, and on Palpatine's
urging, kills him in cold blood. They rescue
Palpatine and return to
Coruscant, where Anakin learns that Padmé is pregnant. Anakin has
visions of Padmé dying in childbirth and becomes determined to
prevent them from coming true.
Palpatine tells Anakin that the dark
side holds the power to cheat death, and eventually reveals that he is
Sith Lord Darth Sidious. Although Anakin informs
Jedi Master Mace
Windu of Palpatine's treachery, he follows Windu to make sure
Palpatine is captured alive. When he realizes that Windu is going to
kill Palpatine, Anakin intervenes on the
Sith Lord's behalf, allowing
Palpatine to finish Windu to death. Desperate to save Padmé, Anakin
pledges himself to the dark side and becomes Palpatine's Sith
apprentice, Darth Vader. On Palpatine's command, Vader leads a legion
of clones to kill everyone at the
Jedi Temple and massacres the
remaining Separatist leaders hiding on the volcanic planet
Padmé confronts Vader and implores him to abandon the dark side, but
Vader refuses. When Obi-Wan disembarks from Padmé's ship, Vader
accuses his wife of conspiring against him and uses the Force to choke
her into unconsciousness in a fit of rage. After a long and ferocious
lightsaber duel, Obi-Wan defeats Vader, severing his legs and arm and
leaving him at the bank of a lava river where he is horribly burned.
Palpatine finds Vader and takes him back to Coruscant, where his
apprentice's mutilated body is treated and covered in the black
armored suit first depicted in the original trilogy. When Vader asks
Palpatine explains to him that he killed Padmé in his
anger; Vader screams in agony, his spirit broken. By the end of the
film, Vader supervises the construction of the first Death Star
Wilhuff Tarkin .
The Clone Wars (film)
In the 2008 film The Clone Wars ,
Ahsoka Tano as
Anakin's Padawan apprentice to teach him a greater sense of
responsibility, and Anakin is initially frustrated by this decision.
Their early interactions are "playfully contentious", with Anakin
calling her "Snips" for her "snippy" attitude and Ahsoka calling him
"Skyguy" as a pun on his surname. After earning Anakin's respect
during a dangerous mission, Ahsoka joins him on a quest to rescue
Jabba the Hutt
Jabba the Hutt 's infant son. Her impetuousness both annoys and
endears her to her master, and, by the end of the film, Anakin reveals
a newfound affection for his apprentice.
Vader appears in the first anthology film
Rogue One , played by
Spencer Wilding and Daniel Naprous. with
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones once
again voicing the character. In this film, Vader meets with Imperial
Orson Krennic , who asks him for an audience with the
Emperor regarding the theft of the Death Star's technical plans. Vader
refuses, however, and uses the Force to choke him as a way of putting
him in his place. At the end of the film, Vader boards the disabled
Rebel flagship Profundity with a cadre of Imperial stormtroopers and
kills several Rebel soldiers as he attempts to recover the plans.
However, the Alderaanian blockade runner
Tantive IV (which was docked
with the Profundity) escapes with the plans, setting the stage for the
events of A New Hope.
Virtual Reality Film
In the 2015
Star Wars Celebration , it was announced David S. Goyer
is helping to develop a virtual reality film based on Darth Vader. It
is said that the audience as "visitor" will be able to walk, pick up,
push and open things, and might even have some effect in the story.
The Clone Wars (2008-14)
Anakin is a lead character in all seasons of The Clone Wars . As a
Jedi Knight, he goes on several missions with both Obi-Wan and Ahsoka
throughout the war. While continuing to teach Ahsoka the ways of the
Jedi, Anakin has developed a close bond with her and they take risks
to protect or save one another. Some of Anakin's actions taken out of
concern for Ahsoka violate the
Jedi code, such as torturing prisoners
who may know her location when she goes missing. During the third
season, Anakin experiences a vision of his future as Darth Vader.
Darth Vader is a recurring character in the first season of Star Wars
Rebels , which takes place 14 years after The Clone Wars concludes.
Vader leads a squadron of Force-sensitive Imperial Inquisitors who are
actively searching for and killing any remaining
Force-sensitive children. In the finale of the first season, Vader
discovers that Ahsoka has joined the Rebel Alliance, and the Emperor
orders him to hunt her down.
In the second season, Ahsoka is overwhelmed to recognize Anakin under
"a layer of hate" in Darth Vader. Later in the season, Ahsoka has a
vision in which Anakin blames her for allowing him to fall to the dark
side. In the season finale, Ahsoka duels with her former master inside
Sith Temple, allowing her friends to escape Vader and the temple's
destruction. As the episode concludes, Vader escapes from the temple's
ruins. Filoni said that it was "an elected decision" not to feature
Vader for the third season.
Forces Of Destiny (2017)
Anakin appears in the episode The Padawan Path. He is voiced again by
Matt Lanter . .
In The Padawan Path, Anakin is waiting in with
Yoda in the Jedi
temple on Ahsoka, for her ceremony.
In 2015, Marvel released a 25-issue series called
Darth Vader (2015),
which focused on the title character in the aftermath of the
destruction of the Death Star, as well as his life after learning
about the existence of his son, the series happens parallel to the
Star Wars (2015) and has a cross-over with it titled
The Obi-Wan for the first time, they see their own birth and their
mother's death, as well as their father's corruption to the dark side.
In Bloodlines (2006), Han and Leia's son Jacen - who has himself
turned to the dark side - uses the Force to "watch" Darth Vader
slaughter the children at the
Vader also appears in a series of tongue-in-cheek children's books by
Jeffrey Brown . In Brown's series, a somewhat hapless Vader sets out
to be a father to a young Luke and Leia, with some scenes directly
based on their darker film counterparts (for example, one scene shows
Vader, Luke and Leia at the carbonite freezing chamber on Bespin, with
Vader pronouncing the freezer adequate for making ice cream ).
Vader appears in several comic books such as
Dark Horse Comics
Dark Horse Comics ' Star
Wars Tales and
Marvel Comics '
Star Wars (1977–1986) series.
Anakin Skywalker is a major character in Dark Horse's Star Wars:
Republic series (1998-2006).
Darth Vader and Anakin Skywalker appear in a variety of video games
such as the Lego
Star Wars series and the Battlefront series. Vader
plays a central role in Star Wars: The Force Unleashed (2008). He is a
playable character in the first level of the game, where he and his
Kashyyyk to hunt down a
Jedi who had survived the
Order's destruction. Vader kills the
Jedi and kidnaps the man's young
Force-sensitive son, whom he raises as his secret apprentice,
Starkiller . Vader sends
Starkiller on various missions throughout the
galaxy, with an ultimate goal to assassinate
Palpatine so that Vader
can rule the galaxy himself. Toward the end of the game, however, it
is revealed that Vader isn't planning to overthrow
Palpatine at all;
he is merely using his apprentice to expose the Empire's enemies. At
the game's climax, the player chooses between attacking
help his Rebel friends escape the
Death Star or killing Vader to
become the Emperor's new apprentice. He also appears in the sequel
Star Wars: The Force Unleashed II as the final boss.
Darth Vader features in the 1981 radio drama adaptation of Star Wars
, voiced by the actor
Brock Peters . Vader makes his first appearance
on the planet
Ralltiir , where he treats
Princess Leia Organa with
suspicion. In later extended scenes, he is heard interrogating and
torturing Leia on board his
Star Destroyer and aboard the
Death Star .
Vader appears in
Star Tours – The Adventures Continue , where he is
voiced by Jones. Vader is featured as a combatant in the popular
Death Battle , in which he is pitted against Marvel Comics
Doctor Doom . He loses the fight due to Doom's superior
weaponry and abilities.
In Attack of the Clones, Anakin Skywalker feels "smothered" by
Obi-Wan Kenobi and is unable to control his life. By Revenge of the
Sith, however, his "father-son" friction with his master has matured
into a more equal, brotherly relationship. Once he becomes Darth
Vader, each evil act he commits shatters any hope or connection
towards his previous life, which makes it harder for him to return to
the light, but he ultimately escapes the dark side and redeems
himself by sacrificing his life to save his son
Luke Skywalker and
kill the Emperor in Return of the Jedi.
Eric Bui, a psychiatrist at
University of Toulouse Hospital, argued
at the 2007
American Psychiatric Association
American Psychiatric Association convention that Anakin
Skywalker meets six of the nine diagnostic criteria for borderline
personality disorder (BPD), one more than necessary for a diagnosis.
He and a colleague, Rachel Rodgers, published their findings in a 2010
letter to the editor of the journal
Psychiatry Research. Bui says he
found Anakin Skywalker a useful example to explain BPD to medical
students. In particular, Bui points to Anakin's abandonment issues
and uncertainty over his identity. Anakin's mass murders of the Tusken
Raiders in Attack of the Clones and the young
Jedi in Revenge of the
Sith count as two dissociative episodes, fulfilling another criterion.
Bui hoped his paper would help raise awareness of the disorder,
especially among teens.
See also: Cultural impact of
Star Wars Fan cosplay of Darth
Vader is frequently seen at
Star Wars events Darth Vader
features in a wide range of merchandise, toys and spin-off products
Darth Vader Grotesque
Darth Vader Grotesque sculpted into the Washington National
Darth Vader's iconic status has made the character a synonym for evil
in popular culture; psychiatrists have even considered him as a useful
example to explain borderline personality disorder to medical
students. Anakin's origin story in The Phantom Menace has been
compared to signifiers of African American racial identity, and his
dissatisfaction with his life has been compared to Siddartha 's before
Gautama Buddha . A Mexican church advised Christians
against seeing The Phantom Menace because it portrays Anakin as a
Christ figure . The slime-mold beetle
Agathidium vaderi is named
after Vader, and several buildings across the globe are regularly
compared to him. A grotesque of
Darth Vader looms over the east
face of the
Washington National Cathedral 's northwest tower. During
2007–08 NHL season
2007–08 NHL season ,
Ottawa Senators goaltender Martin Gerber
performed so well in an all-black mask that fans endearingly termed
him "Darth Gerber". In 2015, a statue of
Vladimir Lenin in
Ukraine, was converted into one of
Darth Vader due to a law on
Many commentators and comedians have also evoked his visage to
satirize politicians and other public figures, and several American
political figures have been unflatteringly compared to the character,
including General George Custer , the subject of the acrylic painting
Darth Custer by Native American artist
Bunky Echohawk . In 2005, Al
Gore referred to
Tele-Communications Inc. 's
John C. Malone as the
Darth Vader of cable", and political strategist
Lee Atwater was
known by his political enemies as "the
Darth Vader of the Republican
On June 22, 2006, US Vice President
Dick Cheney referred to himself
Darth Vader of the Bush administration . Discussing the
administration's philosophy on gathering intelligence, he said to CNN
's John King , "It means we need to be able to go after and capture or
kill those people who are trying to kill Americans. That's not a
pleasant business. It's a very serious business. And I suppose,
sometimes, people look at my demeanor and say, 'Well, he's the Darth
Vader of the administration.'"
Jon Stewart put on a Darth Vader
helmet to address
Dick Cheney as a "kindred spirit" on The Daily Show
on January 25, 2007. Cheney's wife, Lynne , presented Stewart with a
Darth Vader action figure on her appearance on the show on October 10,
2007. Both Stewart and
Stephen Colbert have occasionally referred to
Cheney as "Darth Cheney". In the satirical cartoon show Lil\' Bush ,
Dick Cheney's father is portrayed as being Darth Vader. At her
presidential campaign event on September 19, 2007, Hillary Clinton
also referred to Cheney as Darth Vader. At the 2008 Washington Radio
and Television Correspondents\' Association Dinner, Cheney joked that
his wife Lynne told him that the Vader comparison "humanizes" him.
George Lucas told
The New York Times
The New York Times columnist
Maureen Dowd , however,
that Cheney is more akin to Emperor Palpatine, and that a better
stand-in for Vader would be
George W. Bush
George W. Bush . An issue of Newsweek
referenced this quote, and compared Bush and Cheney to Vader and
Palpatine, respectively, in a satirical article comparing politicians
Star Wars and
Star Trek characters.
Many films and television series have paid homage to Darth Vader.
Marty McFly in
Back to the Future
Back to the Future (1985), dressed in a radiation suit
, calls himself "
Darth Vader from the planet Vulcan " to convince the
past version of his father to ask his mother to a dance. Rick Moranis
plays "Dark Helmet" in the
Star Wars parody
Spaceballs (1987). In
Chasing Amy (1997), Hooper X speaks at a comic convention about Darth
Vader being a metaphor for how poorly the science fiction genre treats
black people; he is especially offended that Vader, the "blackest
brother in the galaxy", reveals himself to be a "feeble, crusty old
white man" at the end of Return of the Jedi. The character was also
parodied in the
Nickelodeon cartoon Rocko\'s Modern Life in the
episode "Teed Off". On another
Jimmy Neutron ,
Darth Vader's infamous line, "I am your father", was interpolated in
the mini-episode "New Dog, Old Tricks". The line was also alluded to
in Toy Story , a film franchise also owned by Disney .
The character has gained much positive reception as a classic film
Darth Vader ranked number two on Empire magazine's 2008 list
of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters. Premiere magazine also ranked
Vader on their list of The 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.
On their list of the 100 Greatest Fictional Characters, Fandomania.com
ranked Vader at number 6.
Darth Vader was also the No. 1 supervillain
on the Bravo series Ultimate Super Heroes, Vixens and Villains. Darth
Vader was also ranked as No. 1 in
IGN 's list of top 100 Star Wars
characters. Furthermore, Darth Vader's quote in The Empire Strikes
Back – "No, I am your father" (often misquoted as "Luke, I am your
father"), – is one of the most well known quotes in cinema history.
The line was selected as one of the 400 nominees for the American Film
Institute 's 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes , a list of the greatest
American movie quotes. Vader received the Ultimate Villain
recognition at the 2011
Scream Awards .
Darth Vader 25th in the "Top 100 Videogames
In Ukraine, the
Internet Party of Ukraine regularly lets people named
Darth Vader take part in elections.
This Star Wars-related article DESCRIBES A WORK OR ELEMENT OF
FICTION IN A PRIMARILY IN-UNIVERSE STYLE. Please help rewrite it to
explain the fiction more clearly and provide non-fictional perspective
. (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message
Skywalker family tree
* ^ Hidalgo, Pablo (2016).
Star Wars Character Encyclopedia:
Updated and Expanded.
* ^ "Databank: Cliegg Lars".
StarWars.com . Retrieved December 3,
* ^ "Databank:
Shmi Skywalker Lars". StarWars.com. Retrieved
December 3, 2015.
* ^ A B Attack of the Clones (2002) and Revenge of the
* ^ "Databank: Beru Lars". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 3,
* ^ "Databank: Owen Lars". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 3,
* ^ "Databank: Anakin Skywalker". StarWars.com. Retrieved December
* ^ "Databank: Darth Vader". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 4,
* ^ "Databank: Padmé Amidala". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 4,
* ^ Adopted father of Leia Organa, as established in Revenge of the
* ^ "Databank: Bail Organa". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 3,
* ^ Adopted mother of Leia Organa, as established in Revenge of the
* ^ "Databank: Luke Skywalker". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 4,
* ^ In the alternate
Star Wars expanded universe (Legends) , Luke
is married to
Mara Jade and has a son,
Ben Skywalker .
* ^ "Databank:
Princess Leia Organa". StarWars.com. Retrieved
December 4, 2015.
* ^ A B The Force Awakens . 2015.
* ^ In the alternate
Star Wars expanded universe (Legends)
continuity, Han and Leia have three children: Jaina , Jacen and Anakin
* ^ Two men named
Darth Vader were candidates at the 25 May 2014
Kiev mayoral election and the
Odessa mayoral election of the same day.
A man named
Darth Vader earlier had submitted documents to be
registered as a presidential candidate in the 25 May 2014 Ukrainian
presidential election ; but his registration was refused because his
real identity could not be verified. In the 2014 Ukrainian
Darth Vader and
Star Wars characters such as
Princess Amidala and
Yoda ran for seats in the Ukrainian
parliament . Candidates named
Darth Vader reappeared in the 2015
Ukrainian local elections .
* ^ A B Bowen 2005 , p. 94
* ^ Helinski, Keith. ""Revenge" Is Just Too Sweet Archived January
16, 2010, at the
Wayback Machine .", moviefreak.com. Retrieved May 5,
* ^ Winzler, Jonathan W. "The Making of Star Wars: Revenge of the
Sith (Star Wars)", Powell\'s Books , April 2005. Retrieved May 5,
* ^ Thornton, Mark. "What is the "Dark Side" and Why Do Some People
Ludwig von Mises Institute
Ludwig von Mises Institute , May 13, 2005. Retrieved May
* ^ "
Darth Vader - #1 Top 100 Villains - IGN". IGN.
IGN . Retrieved
February 4, 2016.
* ^ "Why
Darth Vader Is The Best Villain Ever". Comicbook.com.
Comicbook.com. Retrieved February 4, 2016.
* ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains" (PDF). afi.com.
Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2012. Retrieved May 21,
* ^ "The Psyche of Anakin Skywalker". The Weekly Geek. WordPress.
Retrieved February 22, 2017.
Retrieved February 22, 2017. Missing or empty title= (help )
* ^ A B C D "Vader, Darth". Databank.
Lucasfilm . Retrieved August
* ^ A B "Skywalker, Anakin". Databank.
Lucasfilm . Retrieved August
* ^ Biodrowski, Steve. "
Star Wars : The Original Trilogy – Then
And Now". Hollywood Gothique. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
* ^ (Bouzereau 1997 , p. 144)
The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back (DVD).
20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox . 2004.
* ^ Kaminski 2008 , pp. 120–121
* ^ Kaminski 2008 , pp. 164–165
* ^ "Lawrence Kasdan". Star Wars. Archived from the original on
June 6, 2008. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
* ^ Kaminski 2008 , pp. 299–300
* ^ Bowen 2005 , p. 22
* ^ Kaminski 2008 , pp. 380–384
* ^ Star Wars:
Episode III Revenge of the
Sith documentary "Within
a Minute" (DVD documentary). 2005.
* ^ TV Guide Article August 11, 2008
* ^ Minkel, JR (August 11, 2008). "When Clones Attack: Q&A with
Clone Wars Director David Filoni". Scientific American. Springer
Nature . Retrieved May 26, 2016.
* ^ "From Apprentice to Adversary: Vader vs. Ahsoka featurette"
Star Wars Rebels season 2 Blu-ray. Preview clip including line
* ^ A B Brooks, Dan (August 30, 2016). "Fates Fulfilled: Dave
Filoni Reflects on
Star Wars Rebels Season Two, Part 1". StarWars.com.
Retrieved November 20, 2016.
* ^ Whitbrook, James (September 14, 2016). "The Art That Inspired
Ahsoka and Darth Vader\'s Epic Duel in
Star Wars Rebels". io9.com .
Retrieved November 20, 2016.
* ^ Gross, Ed (September 30, 2016). "Star Wars:
Dave Filoni talks
Rebels as well as
Rogue One connections". Empire . Bauer Consumer
Media . Retrieved November 20, 2016.
* ^ "Rebels Recon #3.02: Inside "The Holocrons of Fate" Star Wars
Rebels". YouTube. October 1, 2016. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
* ^ Casey, Dan (2015). "64. Ralph McQuarrie, the Conceptual
Mastermind". 100 Things
Star Wars Fans Should Know & Do Before They
Die. Triumph Books. ISBN 9781633193451 . Retrieved 22 June 2017.
* ^ "The Old Master:
Ralph McQuarrie on Designing Star Wars". Star
Wars Insider (76). June 2004.
* ^ "Ralph McQuarrie\'s Most Memorable Masterpieces
StarWars.com". StarWars.com. 16 August 2016. Archived from the
original on 22 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
* ^ "Sculpting the Sith: An interview with Brian Muir". Star Wars
Insider (116). 24 March 2010. Archived from the original on 9 August
2011. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
* ^ Insider Excerpt: Vader Sculptor Brian Muir Archived August 9,
2011, at the
Wayback Machine ., StarWars.com, March 24, 2010
* ^ Burtt, J.W. Rinzler ; introduction by Ben (2010). Star Wars
sounds. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780857200761 .
* ^ O'Reilly, Terry (5 January 2017). "The Crazy World of
Trademarks". Under the Influence. CBC Radio. Canadian Broadcasting
Corporation. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
* ^ Barder, Ollie (December 21, 2015). "Understanding The Japanese
Influences Behind \'Star Wars\'". Forbes. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
* ^ "British
Darth Vader fighter dies aged 89". BBC News. 2 January
2012. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
* ^ Lucas, George (writer/director). (2004). DVD commentary for
Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope. .
20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox Home
* ^ Empire of Dreams: The Story of the
Star Wars Trilogy. Star Wars
Trilogy Box Set DVD documentary.
* ^ Russo, Tom. "The Force Wasn\'t With Them". Premiere . Hachette
Filipacchi Media U.S. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006.
Retrieved October 3, 2006.
* ^ Lovece, Frank (March 12, 2008). "Fast Chat: James Earl Jones".
Newsday . New York. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012.
Retrieved March 1, 2011.
* ^ The
Star Wars Trilogy (Bonus Material) (DVD). 20th Century Fox
Home Entertainment . 2004.
* ^ Johnson, Zac (June 24, 2016). "
Darth Vader Confirmed to Appear
in Rogue One: A
Star Wars Story: All the Details". E! News Australia.
* ^ "
Star Wars – Lucas Made Vader Suit Extra Awkward".
Contactmusic.com . Retrieved November 11, 2016.
* ^ "Rogue One:
Darth Vader storms Rhyl for
Star Wars showing". BBC
Wales. December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2016. While the actor
has the body role, just like his predecessor in the original Star Wars
films David Prowse, the voice of Lord Vader is actor James Earl Jones.
* ^ Owen, Luke (April 11, 2016). "
Star Wars Exclusive: Rogue
Darth Vader casting revealed". Flickering Myth.
* ^ A B C Pirani, Adam. "Sebastian Shaw: The Return of Anakin
Starlog , July 1987, Vol. 11, Iss. 120, pg. 56–57,+96.
* ^ Chernoff, Scott. "Ian McDiarmid: An Interview with the
Star Wars Insider , iss. 37, April/May 1998, pg. 33.
* ^ Johnson, Derek. "
Star Wars fans, DVD, and cultural ownership:
an interview with Will Brooker; Interview,"
Velvet Light Trap , 22
September 2005, pg. 36–44.
* ^ Ebert, Roger. "Anakin's fans strike back,"
Chicago Sun-Times ,
1 May 2005, Sunday Showcase (section), pg. 3.
* ^ "
Star Wars Episode I Production Notes: The Actors and
Characters – Part I". StarWars.com. May 1, 1999. Archived from the
original on October 23, 2004. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
* ^ "
Star Wars Episode I Production Notes: The Actors and
Characters – Part II". StarWars.com. May 1, 1999. Archived from the
original on October 23, 2004. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
* ^ "The Man (Literally) Behind C-3PO". StarWars.com. November 2,
1999. Archived from the original on November 2, 2007. Retrieved
November 11, 2016.
* ^ "Robin Gurland – Don\'t Call Her; She\'ll Call You". Star
Wars . Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved November
* ^ Star Wars:
Episode III Revenge of the
Sith DVD documentary It's
All for Real: The Stunts of Episode III, .
* ^ "
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones to Voice
Darth Vader in Star Wars: Rebels’
Premiere on ABC!"
Star Wars Episode VII News, October 9, 2014.
* ^ "
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones confirmed as Darth Vader" Blastr, April 21,
* ^ "Ahsoka\'s Untold Tales Panel
Star Wars Celebration Europe
2016". YouTube. July 15, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
* ^ A B C D E F G H "Darth Vader". StarWars.com. Retrieved
September 23, 2016.
* ^ A B C D E F G H "Anakin Skywalker". StarWars.com. Retrieved
September 23, 2016.
* ^ David Houghton (4 May 2016). "
George Lucas nearly wrote a
perfect prequel trilogy. He just didn\'t notice". Gamesradar.
Retrieved 30 March 2017.
* ^ Ward, Jason (April 11, 2016). "
Spencer Wilding to play Darth
Vader in Rogue One: A
Star Wars Story?". MakingStarWars.net. Retrieved
September 1, 2016.
* ^ Butler, Tom (December 14, 2016). "Rogue One: Why it took
multiple actors to play
Darth Vader (exclusive)". Yahoo Movies.
Retrieved December 16, 2016.
* ^ Breznican, Anthony (June 23, 2016). "
Darth Vader to return for
\'Star Wars\' stand-alone film \'Rogue One\': Exclusive details".
Entertainment Weekly . Retrieved June 23, 2016.
* ^ Shepherd, Jack (July 17, 2016). "Star Wars:
Darth Vader VR film
set to be written by David S. Goyer".
The Independent .
* ^ Davis, Lauren (December 16, 2015). "Why
Ahsoka Tano Is the Best
Thing to Happen to
Star Wars in 20 Years". io9 . Retrieved November
* ^ "This Week in The Clone Wars: Anakin Meets Darth Vader". Wired.
February 11, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
* ^ Fowler, Matt (October 2, 2014). "Everything You Need To Know
Star Wars Rebels".
Ziff Davis . Retrieved September 23,
* ^ Sciretta, Peter (September 23, 2016). "Interview: Dave Filoni
Star Wars Rebels’ Season 3". p. 2. Retrieved November 20,
* ^ Breznican, Anthony (April 13, 2017). "
Star Wars highlights
female heroes in Forces of Destiny — first look". Entertainment
Weekly . Retrieved April 13, 2017.
* ^ "
Darth Vader (2015 – present) Comics". Marvel.com.
* ^ Schedeen, Jesse (2015-06-03). "
Star Wars Delivers Huge Change
for Han Solo". IGN. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
* ^ Brooks, Dan (October 12, 2015). "Obi-Wan & Anakin Interview
with Charles Soule". StarWars.com. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
* ^ A B "Disney and Random House announce relaunch of Star Wars
Adult Fiction line". StarWars.com. April 25, 2014. Retrieved May 26,
* ^ Keane, Sean (April 28, 2015). "REVIEW: Star Wars: Lords of the
Darth Vader and the Emperor onto the battlefield". Daily
News . New York. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
* ^ Goldman, Eric (May 9, 2015). "Star Wars: Lords of the Sith
Review". IGN. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
* ^ McMilian, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "
Lucasfilm Unveils New Plans
Star Wars Expanded Universe".
The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved
May 26, 2016.
* ^ "The Legendary
Star Wars Expanded Universe Turns a New Page".
StarWars.com . April 25, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
* ^ Ryan, Mike (September 14, 2012). "Genndy Tartakovsky, \'Hotel
Transylvania\' Director, On The Disappearance of His Version Of \'Star
Wars: Clone Wars’". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 20,
* ^ "Goodnight
Darth Vader By Jeffrey Brown – Exclusive Reveal".
StarWars.com. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
* ^ McKinney, Daniel Wallace ; original illustrations by Brandon;
Kolins, Scott (1998). Star wars : the essential guide to planets and
moons (1st ed. ed.). New York: Ballantine Pub. Group. p. 157. ISBN
9780345420688 . CS1 maint: Extra text (link )
* ^ "Listening to Star Wars: Part III – Future of the Force".
Future of the Force. 15 February 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
* ^ "That Time NPR Turned \'Star Wars\' Into A Radio Drama — And
It Actually Worked". NPR.org. Archived from the original on 11 July
2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
* ^ Bortolin 2005 , p. 17
* ^ Kapell, Matthew; John Shelton Lawrence (2006). Finding the
force of the Star wars franchise: fans, merchandise, & critics. Peter
Lang. p. 137. ISBN 0-8204-8808-9 .
* ^ Bortolin 2005 , p. 115
* ^ Bortolin 2005 , p. x
* ^ A B C Hsu, Jeremy (June 8, 2010). "The Psychology of Darth
LiveScience . TopTenReviews. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
* ^ Nama, Adilifu (2008). Black space: imagining race in science
fiction film. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71745-9 .
* ^ Bortolin 2005 , p. xiii
* ^ Bowen 2005 , p. 97
* ^ "Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld are now species of slime-mold
beetles – but strictly in homage". Cornell News. Cornell University
. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
* ^ "An architectural
Star Wars clash at Sierra Point", San
Francisco Chronicle, News Page 4, April 17, 1986
* ^ Property Values Reduced,Sun Sentinel, October 27, 1991
* ^ Egan, Timothy (June 29, 1986). "Focus: Seattle; Creating An
The New York Times
The New York Times . Retrieved May 8, 2008.
* ^ "the bell awards – Tom Graff (interview)". Belltown
Messenger. June 2007. Archived from the original on June 17, 2007.
Retrieved May 8, 2008.
* ^ Day Out Results: BNZ Building.
* ^ "Grand Canyon Scale for Wellingtonians" Wayward Wellingtonians,
July 11, 2008.
* ^ "About Darth Vader".
Washington National Cathedral . Archived
from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
* ^ "Sens\' Gerber has new mask, new outlook on season". The Sports
Network. 24 September 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
* ^ Worland, Justin (October 25, 2015). "Ukrainian Lenin Statue
Turned into Darth Vader". Time. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
* ^ Steele, Robin (October 5, 2007). "Bunky Echo-Hawk takes the
stage with live painting".
The Brown Daily Herald . Retrieved November
* ^ Gunther, Marc (August 22, 2005). "
Al Gore Battles Old Cable
Demons". CNN. Retrieved April 27, 2008.
* ^ "Harvey Leroy "Lee" Atwater, was a Republican political
consultant". Retrieved April 27, 2008.
* ^ "Transcripts". The Situation Room. CNN. Retrieved April 27,
* ^ "The Daily Show: Cheney Camera 3".
Comedy Central . January 25,
2007. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
* ^ Dowd, Maureen (April 19, 2009). "The Aura of Arugulance". The
New York Times. Retrieved April 19, 2009.
* ^ Newsweek
* ^ "Western Animation: Rocko\'s Modern Life". TV Tropes. TV
Tropes. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
* ^ "The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius > Season 1 >
Episode 1 > New Dog, Old Tricks.". TV.com. Archived from the original
on December 22, 2015. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
* ^ "Toy Story references to the
Star Wars films". In a far away
Galaxy. December 7, 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
* ^ "Empire\'s The 100 Greatest Movie Characters". Empire Magazine.
Retrieved May 21, 2010.
* ^ "Premiere Magazine\'s The 100 Greatest Movie Characters".
Filmsite.org. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
* ^ "The 100 Greatest Fictional Characters". Fandomania.com.
Retrieved May 21, 2010.
* ^ "Ultimate Super Heroes, Vixens and Villains Episode Guide 2005
– Ultimate Super Villains". TV Guide. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
* ^ "Darth Vader/Anakin Skywalker is No. 1". IGN. Archived from the
original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
* ^ Michael French (2003). "The Common Concept of In".
TheRaider.net. Retrieved February 26, 2007.
* ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes: Official Ballot" (PDF).
AFI.com . Archived from the original (PDF) on September 19, 2009.
Retrieved July 2, 2010.
* ^ Ford, Rebecca (October 15, 2011). "
George Lucas Makes Surprise
Appearance at Spike TV Scream Awards".
The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter .
Retrieved October 16, 2011.
* ^ "
Darth Vader is number 25". IGN.com. Archived from the original
on December 3, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2010.
* ^ A B "
Darth Vader Is Running for Prime Minister of Ukraine,
Vowing to Take on Putin".
Newsweek . 24 October 2014.
* ^ "Kyiv Election Commission Registers
Darth Vader As Candidate
For Kyiv Mayor".
Ukrainian News Agency . 1 May 2014.
* ^ (in Ukrainian)
Darth Vader candidate for mayor of Odesa,
Espreso TV (1 May 2014)
* ^ Tsushko to compete for post of Odesa mayor, Interfax-Ukraine
(29 March 2014)
* ^ Ukraine’s
Darth Vader presidency bid rejected Archived March
4, 2016, at the
Wayback Machine .,
Euronews (4 April 2014)
* ^ Momtaz, Rym; Jovanovic, Dragana (26 October 2014). "Pro-Western
Parties, Not Darth Vader, Set to Win Ukrainian Elections". ABC News.
Retrieved 24 September 2015.
* ^ Cooper, Geraldine (26 October 2014). "Ukraine\'s Darth Vader
candidate denied vote after refusing to remove mask". The Telegraph.
Retrieved 24 September 2015. Darth Alekseyevich Vader, an official
candidate in Ukraine's parliamentary elections, is turned away from a
Kiev polling station after refusing to remove his mask
* ^ Putin headed for victory in Odesa as
Darth Vader clouds
Ukraine Today (23 October 2015)
* Bortolin, Matthew (2005). The Dharma of Star Wars. Wisdom
Publications. ISBN 978-0-86171-497-1 .
* Bowen, Jonathan L. (2005). Anticipation: The Real Life Story of
Star Wars: Episode I-The Phantom Menace. iUniverse. ISBN
* Kaminski, Michael (2008). The Secret History of Star Wars. Legacy
Works Press. ISBN 0-9784652-3-7 .
Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace Novelization , 1st edition
Terry Brooks ,
Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones Novelization , 2003. R.
A. Salvatore , ISBN 0-345-42882-X
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the
Sith Novelization , 1st
edition hardcover, 2005.
Matthew Woodring Stover ,
George Lucas , ISBN
* The New Essential Guide to Characters, 1st edition, 2002. Daniel
Wallace, Michael Sutfin, ISBN 0-345-44900-2
* Vader: The Ultimate Guide, 2005.
* Star Wars: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover, 1998. Dr. David West
Reynolds, ISBN 0-7894-3481-4
* Star Wars: The Phantom Menace: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover,
1999. Dr. David West Reynolds, ISBN 0-7894-4701-0
* Star Wars: Attack of the Clones: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover,
2002. Dr. David West Reynolds, ISBN 0-7894-8588-5
* Star Wars: Revenge of the Sith: The Visual Dictionary, hardcover,
2005. James Luceno, ISBN 0-7566-1128-8
Darth Vader in Games: A Visual History". IGN. October 28, 2010.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: DARTH VADER