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Cuttack/ˈkʌtək/ ( listen) is the former capital and the second largest city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. It is also the headquarters of the Cuttack
Cuttack
district. The name of the city is an anglicised form of Katak which literally means The Fort, a reference to the ancient Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
around which the city initially developed. Cuttack
Cuttack
is also known as the Sudama City as well as the Sudama City due to its history of 1000 years and famous silver filigree works. It is also considered as the judicial capital of Odisha
Odisha
as the Odisha
Odisha
High Court[2] is located here. It is also the commercial capital of Odisha
Odisha
which hosts a large number of trading and business houses in and around the city. Cuttack
Cuttack
is also famous for its Durga
Durga
puja which is the most important festival of Odisha
Odisha
and West Bengal. The old and the most important part of the city is centred on a spit of land between the Kathajodi River
Kathajodi River
and the Mahanadi
Mahanadi
River, bounded on the southeast by Old Jagannath
Jagannath
Road.[3] The city, being a part of the Cuttack Municipal Corporation consisting of 59 wards. Cuttack stretches from Phulnakhara across the Kathajodi in the south to Choudwar
Choudwar
in north across the Birupa River, while in the east it begins at Kandarpur and runs west as far as Naraj. Four rivers including Mahanadi
Mahanadi
and its distributaries Kathajodi, Kuakhai, Birupa run through the city. Further Kathajodi is distributed into Devi and Biluakhai which often makes the geographical area look like fibrous roots. Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
are often referred to as the Twin-Cities of Odisha. The metropolitan area formed by the two cities has a population of 1.68 million in 2014.[4] Cuttack
Cuttack
is categorised as a Tier-II city as per the ranking system used by Government of India.[5][6][7] Cuttack
Cuttack
an unplanned city, is characterized by a maze of streets, lanes and by lanes which has given it the nickname of a city with Baban Bazaar, Tepan Galee and i.e. 52 markets and 53 streets.The close interpersonal relationship, community living and the old world values make Cuttack
Cuttack
a big village rather than a city. Cuttack
Cuttack
is best known as a City of Brotherhood or Bhai-Chara where people of all religious communities have been residing for centuries in harmony and co-operation.[8]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Climate 5 Culture

5.1 Pilgrimage sites

5.1.1 Cuttack
Cuttack
Chandi
Chandi
Temple 5.1.2 Dhabaleshwar Temple 5.1.3 Paramhansa Nath Temple 5.1.4 Qadam e Rasool 5.1.5 Gurudwara Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak
Datan Sahib 5.1.6 Jama Masjid 5.1.7 Madrasa 5.1.8 Baba Ramdev Temple 5.1.9 Bukhari Baba Dargah

5.2 Festivals

6 Art and Literature

6.1 Theatres 6.2 Movie theatres

7 Cuisine 8 Population

8.1 Demographics 8.2 Languages

9 Civic administration 10 Economy

10.1 Traditional industries 10.2 Large scale industries 10.3 Logistics 10.4 Service sector

11 Media 12 Odia film industry 13 Healthcare 14 Education 15 Transport

15.1 Air 15.2 Road 15.3 Rail 15.4 Metro 15.5 Monorail

16 Sports

16.1 Barabati Sports Complex 16.2 Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium 16.3 Jagatpur Water Sports Complex

17 Places of interest

17.1 Barabati Fort 17.2 Chudangagarh Fort 17.3 Netaji Birthplace Museum 17.4 Madhusudan Sangrahalaya 17.5 Anand Bhavan 17.6 Odisha
Odisha
State Maritime Museum 17.7 Old Jail Complex and the Freedom Fighter's Memorial 17.8 Swaraj Ashram 17.9 Maratha Barracks 17.10 Salt House 17.11 Gora Kabar Cemetery 17.12 Lalitgiri

18 Recreation and Entertainment

18.1 Malls and Multiplexes

18.1.1 The Cuttack
Cuttack
Club 18.1.2 Kila Dalijoda

18.2 Parks and Gardens

18.2.1 Ocean World Water park 18.2.2 CMC Deer park 18.2.3 Recreational parks 18.2.4 Nandankanan Zoological Park and Botanical Gardens 18.2.5 Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary

18.3 Lakes and Reservoirs

18.3.1 Anshupa Lake 18.3.2 Jobra Reservoir 18.3.3 Naraj Reservoir 18.3.4 Stone Revetment on Mahanadi

19 Notable People 20 Gallery 21 See also 22 References 23 External links

Etymology[edit] The name Cuttack
Cuttack
is derived from Sanskrit
Sanskrit
meaning military establishment or a cantonment.[9] The city was known as Bidanasi Katak (meaning Bidanasi Military Base) during the days when Barabati Fort was in existence. Bidanasi is now one of the localities of the city.[10] In the ancient time Capitals were often called as Cuttack like Bidanasi Cuttack, Ayodhya Cuttack, Mathura Cuttack, Varanasi Cuttack, etc. Being the Capital it has been simply called as Cuttack instead of Bidanasi Cuttack. Established in 989 CE, by Maharaja Markata Keshari, Cuttack
Cuttack
was the seat of government in Odisha
Odisha
for close to a thousand years before its burgeoning size forced the creation of a new capital at Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
in 1948. The two cities are collectively referred to as the Twin Cities. Cuttack
Cuttack
is famous for its unique silver filigree works (Tarakasi), and woven textiles. It is famous for its Dussehra celebrations across India
India
only after Kolkata. It is also famous for "Dahibara", a local delicacy made using black gram and potato curry and also for "Chhena poda" and "Rasagola", local dessert made of unripened curd cheese made from water buffalo or regular cow milk by Odisha
Odisha
famous bikalananda kar rasgulla. History[edit] The earliest written history of Cuttack
Cuttack
may go back to the Keshari dynasty.[9] As stated by the distinguished historian Andrew Stirling, present-day Cuttack
Cuttack
was established as a military cantonment by king Nrupa Keshari of Keshari dynasty in 989 CE. Stirling based his opinion on the Madala Panji, a chronicle of the Jagannath
Jagannath
temple of Puri.[11] The reign of Maharaja Markata Keshari was distinguished for the stone embank built to protect the new capital from flood in 1002 CE. Historical and archaeological evidence suggests Cuttack
Cuttack
becoming capital of a kingdom founded by Raja Anangabhimadeva III of Ganga dynasty in 1211 CE.[12] After the end of Ganga rule, Odisha
Odisha
passed to the hands of the Suryavamsi Gajapati dynasty (1434–1541 CE) under whom Cuttack
Cuttack
continued to be the capital of Odisha.[12] After the death of Raja Mukunda deva,[13] the last Hindu king of Orissa, Cuttack first came under Muslim rule and later under Mughals,[14] who made Cuttack
Cuttack
the seat of the new Orissa Subah
Orissa Subah
(imperial top-level province) under Shah Jahan. By 1750, Cuttack
Cuttack
came under Maratha rule and it grew fast as a business centre being the convenient point of contact between the Marathas of Nagpur and the English merchants of Bengal. It was occupied by the British in 1803 and later became the capital of Odisha division in 1816. From 1948 onwards, when the capital was shifted to Bhubaneswar, the city remained the administrative headquarters for the state of Odisha. The introduction of the Sharadiya Utsav tradition in the city dates back to the visit of Saint Chaitanya in the 16th century when the consecration of the idol of Durga
Durga
by using the mask pattern was conducted in his presence at Binod Behari Devi Mandap. The remains of the old moated Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
still exist in the heart of Cuttack.[15] Geography[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
is located at 20°31′23″N 085°47′17″E / 20.52306°N 85.78806°E / 20.52306; 85.78806[16] and has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 ft). The city is spread across an area of 192.5 km2 (74 sq mi). The city, being a Cuttack Municipal Corporation which consists of 59 wards. The city stretches from Phulnakhara in south to Choudwar
Choudwar
in north and Kandarpur in east to naraj in west while main city is located at the apex of the Mahanadi River
Mahanadi River
delta. Apart from Mahanadi, four of its distributaries also run through the city. The distributaries include Mahanadi, Kathajodi, Kuakhai and Birupa where Kathajodi further has two distributaries; the right being Devi while the left is Biluakhai. Mahanadi
Mahanadi
runs through the city on the northern side separating the main city from the Jagatpur Industrial Area. The Kathajodi river forms a riverine island of Bayalis Mouza after separating the main city from Gopalpur. The Kuakhai river separates the southern part of the city into two-halves, namely Pratap Nagri and the new township of Naranpur. The Kuakhai runs throughout the south of the city along Phulnakhara before entering Bhubaneswar. The Birupa river runs through the north of Jagatpur Industrial Area separating it from Choudwar. There are numerous ponds known as (pokharis) in the city that store rain water. The Mahanadi
Mahanadi
provides much of the drinking water to the city. Recent growth of the city has resulted in expansion across the Kathajodi River and a newer township towards the head of the delta formed between the tributary Kathajodi river and the main river Mahanadi
Mahanadi
has come up by the name of Markat Nagar (popularly known as CDA by the local residents) which is spread across 2000 acres. CDA has 15 sectors out of which 11 are residential & has population around 150,000. Jagatpur & Mahanadi
Mahanadi
vihar are the other two townships in the City. Mahanadi Vihar is the first satellite city project in Odisha. Cuttack is referred to as a city with Baaban Bazaar, Teppan Galee i.e. this is the city of 52 markets and 53 streets which is told by people of Odisha
Odisha
for the largeness of this city. Naranpur is another satellite township coming up in Trishulia, on the other side of Kathajodi River. Climate[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
experiences a tropical wet and dry climate. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. The temperature around this season is 35 °C to 40 °C Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 144 cm. Temperatures are considerably lower during the rainy season, averaging around 30 °C. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers. The winter months feature chilly northerly winds which bring down the temperature to around 15 °C, though the bright sunshine helps maintain the pleasant weather. Temperatures may exceed 45 °C at the height of summer and may fall below 10 °C in winter. Due to the proximity to coast, the city is prone to cyclones from the Bay of Bengal. One such cyclone struck Cuttack
Cuttack
in 1971, resulting in more than 10,000 deaths in the state.[17] The Bureau of Indian Standards places the city inside seismic zone III on a scale ranging from I to V in order of increasing susceptibility to earthquakes.[18] The United Nations Development Programme
United Nations Development Programme
reports that there is "very high damage risk" from winds and cyclones.[18] The 1999 Odisha
Odisha
cyclone caused major damage to the city claiming many lives.[19]

Climate data for Cuttack

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 29.2 (84.6) 32.3 (90.1) 35.4 (95.7) 37.0 (98.6) 37.5 (99.5) 34.7 (94.5) 32.3 (90.1) 31.8 (89.2) 32.3 (90.1) 32.0 (89.6) 30.7 (87.3) 29.0 (84.2) 32.85 (91.13)

Average low °C (°F) 15.2 (59.4) 18.7 (65.7) 22.6 (72.7) 25.0 (77) 26.2 (79.2) 26.1 (79) 25.5 (77.9) 25.3 (77.5) 25.0 (77) 23.3 (73.9) 19.1 (66.4) 15.0 (59) 22.25 (72.06)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 41.3 (1.626) 26.0 (1.024) 27.8 (1.094) 48.5 (1.909) 130.6 (5.142) 243.4 (9.583) 340.6 (13.409) 401.1 (15.791) 269.5 (10.61) 195.8 (7.709) 37.2 (1.465) 38.5 (1.516) 1,800.3 (70.878)

Source: Cuttack
Cuttack
Weather

Culture[edit] Pilgrimage sites[edit]

Cuttack
Cuttack
Chandi
Chandi
Deity

Cuttack
Cuttack
Chandi
Chandi
Temple[edit] Dedicated to the Goddess Chandi, the presiding deity of Cuttack. The Chandi
Chandi
temple is located in proximity to the banks of the Mahanadi River. It is famous for its annual Durga
Durga
Puja and Kali
Kali
Puja festivals. The Durga
Durga
Puja festivities are prominent in Maa Katak Chandi
Chandi
temple which takes place for 16 days starting from dark fortnight of Ashwina Krishna Ashtami till Ashwina Shukla navami and Vijayadashami. The Goddess popularly called as Maa Katak Chandi, sits and rules on the heart of the ancient city. Gada Chandi
Chandi
Temple situated within the premises of the Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
is one of the oldest temples in Cuttack and is believed to be the older temple of Cuttack
Cuttack
Chandi
Chandi
before her shift to the present Cuttack
Cuttack
Chandi
Chandi
Temple. Dhabaleshwar Temple[edit] Dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva
Lord Shiva
Dhabaleswar
Dhabaleswar
Temple is situated on an exotic island in the Mahanadi River
Mahanadi River
and is embellished with stone carvings that date back to the early 10th and 11th century. It is one of the famous weekend tours from Cuttack. The serene ambiance, in which the temple is situated, inspires spiritual feeling among one and all. The island is connected to the mainland on the other side by a suspension bridge which is the first and only of its kind in the state. Paramhansa Nath Temple[edit]

Dhabaleswara Bridge

Paramhansa Nath Temple, Biribat built, 11th A.D. 4 km from the Cuttack
Cuttack
- Paradeep
Paradeep
Road. Approach from OMP square, towards Nuabazar and keep going until you see a sign board of the temple to take a right. This is situated right on banks of River Kathajodi. The other approach would be from the Panchamukhi Hanuman temple at Khapuria. Road along the river bank will lead you to the temple Another hidden Gem of Katak, and it is still standing upright 80 ft for 1000 years. This is a five chambered rekha and pidha shrine. The Vimana is of Pancharatha
Pancharatha
rekha style. The doorjambs of the vimana and the bhogomandapa portray sculptures of the navagraha and dvarapalas. The Plinth of the temple exhibits sculptures portraying war scenes, elephants and horses in procession, decorated swans. In the sanctum is a Patal-Phuta Shiva Linga. There is a beautiful wooden canopy and possibly added sometime in the mid - 15th or 16th century. Other deities around the temple are Parvati, Kartikeya
Kartikeya
and Ganesh. A big bull figure and a Rama-abhisekha images are found on the northern wall of the temple. Two Vishnu images are found on the outer walls of the temple. Built by Somavanshi Dynasty. Qadam e Rasool[edit]

Bukhari Baba Peer

Believed to be for the veneration of Muhammad. It comes from the belief started early in Islam
Islam
that when Muhammad
Muhammad
stepped on a rock his footprint left an imprint. This belief was never accepted by orthodox brands of Islam. However, the idea was disseminated widely and led to the creation of many shrines around such imprints one of them being situated in Cuttack. Gurudwara Guru Nanak
Guru Nanak
Datan Sahib[edit] A holy historical Sikh shrine, the Daatan Sahib Gurdwara is where the first Sikh Guru, Shree Guru Nanak, halted on his way to Puri. It is believed that a tree branch planted by him after using it as a tooth cleaner still flourishes here, hence the name Daatan Sahib. Jama Masjid[edit] Built during the Mughal era. Earlier there used to be a Madrasa
Madrasa
in this mosque. However, since a decade, the Madrasa
Madrasa
is shifted out. The neighbourhood surrounding the Jama Masjid is inhabited predominantly by Hindus. Madrasa[edit] The vernacular school for the minority of Muslims
Muslims
is also one of the most famous idara in buxi bazar in the heart of the silver city where hundreds of Islamic scholars learn Urdu,Arabic, English as well as computer teaching. Also Odisha
Odisha
wakf board and Haj committee is in Cuttack. Baba Ramdev Temple[edit] The temple is located beside the Cuttack
Cuttack
Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
national highway . The temple is the one of the most beautiful temple in the city. It is built entirely of white marble. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset. Ramdev Pir
Ramdev Pir
is a Hindu folk deity of Rajasthan in India. Ramdev is considered to be an incarnation of Krishna. He was said to have had miraculous powers, and his fame reached far and wide. Legend has it that five Pirs from Mecca came to test Ramdev’s powers. Bukhari Baba Dargah[edit] Bukhari Baba Dargah, one of the well known and widely worshipped dargahs in the silver city, draws a huge crowd especially on Thursdays. People from diverse religions come here to offer prayer to get their wishes fulfilled. The ancient dargah of Sufi saint Sayeed Ali Saheed Bukhari, popularly known as Bukhari Baba's majjar, is situated near Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
in Cuttack. The structure with a white dome is a beautiful piece of Mughal architecture
Mughal architecture
built in 1468. It attracts devotees from across the state. Not only Muslim but even people of other religions are regular ‘Murid’ of the ‘dargah’. Around two lakh devotees visit the sacred shrine annually.

Goddess Durga
Durga
Idol in Chaudhury Bazar

Other famous temples in Cuttack
Cuttack
are Gada Chandi
Chandi
Temple, Khannagar Sai Mandir, Amareswar Temple, Raghunath Jew Temple, Ramakriskna Mission, Jaunliapatty Digambar Jain Mandir, Maa Jhanjhirimangala Temple, Dolamundai Jagannath
Jagannath
Temple, Chahata Ram Mandir, Badambadi Siddhivinayak Temple, Khannagar Kali
Kali
Mandir, Kalia Boda Shani Temple, etc. Cuttack
Cuttack
also houses a large number of churches including Holy Rosary Church, Oriya Baptist Church, Church of Epiphany etc. Festivals[edit]

Durga
Durga
Puja: Cuttack
Cuttack
is famous throughout the nation for its Durga
Durga
puja celebrations. Nearly 200 earthen idols of Goddess Durga
Durga
are prepared by the different Puja Committees of the city to worship Goddess Durga The speciality Cuttack
Cuttack
Durga
Durga
Puja are its Chandi
Chandi
o Suna Medhas, in which the idols are adorned with huge amounts of gold and silver, with localities trying to outsmart each other by constructing more attractive idols. Cuttack
Cuttack
celebrates Durga
Durga
Puja with full energy on Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and on Vijaya Dashami or Dussehra by burning an effigy of the demon Ravana. People from all of Odisha
Odisha
and nearby states visit Cuttack
Cuttack
during this period observe the famous festival. Boita
Boita
Bandana: This festival is celebrated on the last day of the holy Hindu month of Kartik. On this auspicious day people flow miniature boitas or model boats in the Mahanadi
Mahanadi
and Kathajodi rivers to pay homage to the ancient merchants of Kalinga Kingdom. This day also marks the beginning of Bali
Bali
Jatra. This festival is similar to the Masakapan Ke Tukad festival of Bali, and to the Loi Krathong
Loi Krathong
festival of Thailand, both of which involve ritualistic floating of model boats around the same time of year Bali
Bali
Jatra: The festival which the people of Cuttack
Cuttack
await the most is the Bali
Bali
Jatra.[20] Bali
Bali
Yatra is supposedly the second largest trade festival in Asia and the largest in India. The name Bali
Bali
Jatra literally means A Voyage to Bali. In olden times, merchants used to trade with South-East Asian Island Countries of Bali, Java, Sumatra, Borneo. Whatever items they brought from those places after trading Oriya goods used to be put up for sale in the capital (which was then Cuttack). People from all over the state and beyond used to come to Cuttack
Cuttack
to buy these items. Bali Jatra
Bali Jatra
is the festival of continuing this ancient tradition. It is held every year in November on the banks of the Mahanadi. Many stalls are set up selling both local and exotic goods. People from all over Odisha
Odisha
come to the Bali Jatra
Bali Jatra
to buy items, as was the custom back in those day Kali
Kali
puja: This festival is dedicated to the Hindu Goddess Kali
Kali
and is celebrated on the new moon day of the Hindu month of Kartik. It coincides with the pan-Indian festival of Diwali
Diwali
amidst the bursting of firecrackers.

Bali Jatra
Bali Jatra
Entrance Gate

Kartikeshwar Puja: The puja in Cuttack
Cuttack
is organized by the puja committees of Cuttack. This festival is observed to worship Kartikeya, the eldest son of Lord Shiva. Nowhere else except Sabarimala
Sabarimala
is the Kartikeswar puja carried out with so much elan. Bada Osha: This is unique to Dhabaleswar
Dhabaleswar
Temple. Special
Special
Bhoga namely Gaja and Tarana are prepared on this day for the worshippers. Kite
Kite
flying is also celebrated with much enthusiasm and energy in the city. Kite-flying culminates with the Makar Sankranti, with kite-flying competitions being held all over. Cuttack
Cuttack
is the first city in the Eastern India
India
to introduce kite-flying.

All the other regular Indian festivals like Ratha Yatra, Raja, Ganesh Chaturthi, Vasant Panchami, Holi, Diwali, Chhath, Id, Good Friday, Christmas, and the numerous festivals are celebrated here. Art and Literature[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
has been the home to many notable personalities who have contributed a lot towards the culture and history of modern Odisha. Theatres[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
had been the centre of art and literature in the past. Annapurna Theatre
Annapurna Theatre
is considered as the pioneer of Oriya theatre company. The B-Group of the Annapurna theatre, situated in Buxi Bazar is also one of the oldest theatres of Odisha. Kala Vikash Kendra in Cuttack
Cuttack
is another premier institution for dance, drama and music in Odisha. It organizes International theatre olympiads annually where artists from different countries participate along with the local artists. Movie theatres[edit] The city has several cinemas playing movies in Odia, Hindi
Hindi
and English languages. Historically, Cuttack
Cuttack
accounted for almost half of the number of cinema halls in the state but eventually, those numbers decimated. Presently, Cuttack
Cuttack
hosts five single-screen movie theatres name Grand, Brindaban, Samrat, Nishamani and Jayashree. It also houses two multiplexes namely Inox and Sangam; the former being the state's only four-screen multiplex. Odisha's First Cinema Hall marks it's beginning from Cuttack. In 1926 a Mobile Cinema Hall named Chameria Cinema Company showed the cinema. Thereafter Annapurna Theatre
Annapurna Theatre
came into existence. In 1932 Hallmuk Cinema Hall marked it's beginning at Tinkonia Bagicha. Movies like Harischandra and Odia First movie Sita Bibah screen from this cinema hall in 1934. Another cinema hall named Capital Cinema was also built in Tinkonia Bagicha in 1936. Second Odia film Lalita release from this Hall. Similarly, in 1944-45 Pravat Cinema Hall near Baropathar, in 1951 Hind Cinema was built. In 1962 United Talkies Came into existence in Saheed Bhawan. Thereafter Parvati Talkies also built in Kalyanmandap of CUTTACK Municipality. In 1969 Grand Cinema and Suraj Talkies, 1972 Jyoti Cinema which Rename as Laxmi Hall came into existence. 1979 Durga
Durga
Hall, 1980 Nisamani Hall, Samrat Hall, 1982 Brundaban Hall, Sagar Sangam Hall, Devi Cinema, 1983 Rajtarangini, 1985 Jaysree Talkies Came into existence. Cuisine[edit]

Cuttack
Cuttack
Dahibara Aloodam

Cuttack
Cuttack
is the street food capital of Odisha. It is famous for its Dahibara Aloodam, a local delicacy made using black gram and potato curry. Chhena poda
Chhena poda
and Rasagulla from Salepur
Salepur
by Bikalananda Kar are local desserts made of unripened curd cheese made from buffalo or cow milk. Apart from Dahibara Aloodam, Chaat, Puchuka (panipuri) and samosas rule the streets. The city has major food joints like Chandini Chowk, Bidanasi, Stadium Road, Buxi Bazar, Dolamundai, Choudhary Bazar, etc. Thunka puri is a famous delicacy available only during Baliyatra. Traditional Oriya food such as Dahi-Pakhal (rice soaked in water with yogurt and seasonings) is considered as a body coolant, accompanied by Badi chura or saga are consumed during months of April–June. Due to a large number of Muslim households in the city, traditional Islamic and Mughlai cuisines like Biriyani, Tandoor, Sheer kurma, etc. are also popular among the denizens. Due to its close proximity to Paradip
Paradip
and Mahanadi
Mahanadi
catchment area, Cuttack
Cuttack
is one of the major producer and consumer of fish. Fish curry is a popular dish among Odia households. Population[edit] See also: List of cities in Odisha Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census of India,[21] the population of Cuttack City in 2011 was 606,007: 331,246 male and 302,477 female. Its urban / metropolitan population was 658,986 of which 331,246 males and 327,740 are females. There were 48,585 children aged 0–6, 8.02% of total population of Cuttack
Cuttack
City: 25,358 boys and 23,227 girls. The gender ratio of Cuttack
Cuttack
City was 997 per 1000 males, for children 916 girls per 1000 boys. Cuttack
Cuttack
has an average literacy rate of 91.17% with male literacy at 97.87% and female literacy at 84.49%. The Cuttack
Cuttack
ranks high in literacy rate among Top Cities of India.

Others include Jainism, Sikhism
Sikhism
and Buddhism

Religions in Cuttack

Religion

Percent

Hinduism

94.12%

Islam

4.88%

Christianity

1.35%

Others

0.65%

Around 94% of the city's population are Hindus
Hindus
while Muslims
Muslims
account for 4.88% and the rest constitute 2% of the total population.[22] Cuttack
Cuttack
has the largest population of Christians in the state. Languages[edit] Odia is the primary language used in the city, besides which Hindi
Hindi
is widely spoken and understood. There are people who also speak Kosli, Santali, Bengali, Marwari, Telugu, Gujarati, Punjabi, Urdu, Arabic, Tibetan etc. English is widely used for commercial purposes. Most of the banners are written in Odia, English and Hindi. Civic administration[edit]

CMC Headquarters

The City of Cuttack
Cuttack
is administered by the Cuttack
Cuttack
Municipal Corporation. CMC was established as a municipality on 4 June 1876 and was named as a corporation on 15 August 1994. This corporation covers an area of 192.5 km2.[23] The CMC is in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs of the Metropolitan City.Meenakshee Behera is the Mayor of the Cuttack Municipal Corporation (CMC).[24][25] The Municipal Commissioner is the chief executive officer and head of the executive arm of the Municipal Corporation. All executive powers are vested on the Municipal Commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the State Government. Cuttack
Cuttack
City is divided into three constituencies which are represented at the State Legislative Assembly viz. Barabati-Cuttack, Choudwar- Cuttack
Cuttack
and Cuttack
Cuttack
Sadar. Cuttack-Sadar is represented by Chandra Sarathi Behera (BJD) whereas Barabati- Cuttack
Cuttack
is represented by Debasish Samantaray (BJD) while Choudwar- Cuttack
Cuttack
is represented by Pravat Biswal (BJD). Bhubaneswar– Cuttack
Cuttack
Police Commissionerate, under the control of Commissioner of Police, looks after the law enforcement in Cuttack. Cuttack
Cuttack
has 25 Police Stations in the City. The headquarters of the state police are situated in Cuttack. Economy[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
is widely known as the commercial capital of Odisha. It is believed to have the largest GDP among all cities in Odisha
Odisha
due to its large business houses and wide range of industries ranging from ferrous alloys, steel and logistics to agriculture and traditional industries like textiles and handicrafts. There are many trading houses in the city renowned nationally and internationally. The Paradip Port which is around 85 km from the city facilitates this process.[26]

Traditional cow horn sculpture

Traditional industries[edit] The city is one of the largest hub for textiles in eastern India. The city's annual textile trade generates over a billion dollars of revenue. A large textile park is planned, giving a face lift to the erstwhile Orissa Textile Mills in city outskirts. Cuttack
Cuttack
is famous for its silver filigree works and only because of these works it is also known as the silver city of India.[27][28] Cuttack
Cuttack
is also famous for its handicraft works using cow and mostly Buffaloes horn.Cuttack has only one retail store for horn items named Utkal Gaurab Madhusudhan Horn Work.Its was greatly contributed by Late Kalandi Charana Behera. Generally the horn of dead cattle is used and is performed by licensed craftsmen only. This peculiar artefact is limited to Cuttack
Cuttack
only and anything of such kind is found nowhere else in the world. These fine and unique handicraft works add significantly to the local economy. Large scale industries[edit] There are 11 large-scale industries in and around Cuttack
Cuttack
mostly in Choudwar
Choudwar
and Athagarh and many more in the pipeline. These industries include steel, power, automobile, alloys, fireclay, etc. Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys (IMFA), the country's largest producer of ferrous alloys is in Choudwar, Cuttack. A mega-auto complex is in implementation stages on the city's outskirts.

Tarakasi(Silver Filigree) Pendant and Ear rings

Logistics[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
occupies a very significant place in the logistics map of the country.The number of medium- and small-scale industries concentrated around Cuttack
Cuttack
is by far the largest among the cities in the state. The industrial estates in and around Cuttack
Cuttack
numbers around eight. Jagatpur and Khapuria are industrial estates inside the city. A large chunk of these serve as ancillary industries for the big industrial houses in Odisha
Odisha
and other states. The proximity to Paradip Port comes as an added advantage. OSL Group, one of the leading stevedore firms of the country is headquartered in Cuttack. Cuttack, being the largest business hub of the state is the nodal point of trade and transport. It also has the largest wholesale commodities market of the state at Malgodown and Chhatra Bazaar catering the whole state. Service sector[edit] Being the former capital and now the partial capital of the state and a big business hub, many central and state government and corporate offices are in Cuttack. The service sector is quite large. The people of nearby districts are heavily depended on the city for their livelihood, contributing to the service sector and, thus, the floating population. The presence of Central Rice Research Institute
Central Rice Research Institute
(CRRI), the largest rice research institute in Asia, adds to the importance of Cuttack
Cuttack
in the agricultural map of the country. The presence of Odisha High Court and the SCB Medical & College, the largest medical institution in the state, further nourishes the service sector. Education is a major industry due to large number of universities, colleges, schools and coaching centres and caters to the neighbouring districts. Media[edit]

The Samaja
The Samaja
Office

Cuttack
Cuttack
has a Doordarshan centre which telecasts Odia programs. The Cuttack
Cuttack
station of All India
India
Radio started post-independence in 1948 and broadcasts programs in AM as well as FM bandwidth catering the whole state.[29][30] At present Cuttack
Cuttack
has five local radio stations broadcasting on FM, including two from AIR. The private FM stations include BIG 92.7 FM, RED 93.5 FM and Radio Choklate 104 FM.[31] Among several print media houses located at Cuttack, the Oriya newspapers published here includes The Samaja
The Samaja
(founded by Utkala Mani Gopabandhu Das), Prajatantra (founded by Harekrushna Mahatab, former Chief Minister of Odisha
Odisha
and former Governor of Maharashtra), Sambad, Dharitri and the Matrubhasha to name a few. Odia film industry[edit] The Odia Film Industry[32] has its base in Cuttack. The Oriya film industry is popularly known as Ollywood, the name is a portmanteau of the words Oriya and Hollywood. In 1974, the Government of Odisha declared film making and construction of cinema theatres as industry in the state,[33] and two years later in 1976, it established the Orissa Film Development Corporation in Cuttack.[34] One of the regional offices for Central Board of Film Certification
Central Board of Film Certification
is situated in Cuttack. Healthcare[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
is the healthcare hub of Odisha. Millions of people from different parts of Odisha
Odisha
and other states throng to the city with the hope of better medical facilities. Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College (SCBMCH), the largest medical college of the state is located in Cuttack. The Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre (AHRCC), the only one of its kind in Eastern India, carries out high-end research and treatment in cancer. The Regional Spinal Injury Centre (RSIC) is also situated in the S.C.B. Medical College Campus which provides rehabilitation measures to persons with disabilities especially spinal injury. Swami Vivekananda National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research (SVNIRTAR) is the most prestigious institution in the field of rehabilitation located at Olatpur, 30 km from Cuttack. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel PG Institute of Paediatrics (SVPPIG), popularly known as Sishu Bhawan is an annexe hospital of SCBMCH. It is the largest hospital of its kind in eastern India. Leprosy Home and Hospital near Nuabazar is over 100 years old and is still serving the people. Major hospitals in and around Cuttack
Cuttack
are District Headquarters Hospital (City Hospital), Shanti Memorial Hospital, HCG Panda Cancer Hospital, Ashwini Hospital, Sun Hospital, Sabarmati General Hospital, Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital, JPM Rotary Eye Hospital and Melvin Jones Lion's Eye Hospital among others. Education[edit] Established in 1869 as Cuttack
Cuttack
Normal School, converted to Cuttack Training School in 1875 and later in 1923 as Secondary Training School, later renamed as Radhanath Training School, after the eminent teacher and poet Radhanatha Roy, now known as Radhanatha Institute of Advanced Studies in Education (RNIASE) offers various teaching Courses, has made many good teachers is located adjacent to the campus wall of Ravenshaw Collegiate School
Ravenshaw Collegiate School
and in front of Swaraja Asrama in Bakharabad is the Oldest and most Premier institute in the State is a great milestone in education is proud of Cuttack.Also in 1912, Odisha's only Urdu
Urdu
teacher training school was established in shaikh Bazar Which is now only the Muslim Minority Govt Elementary Teacher Education Institution in Odisha
Odisha
where every year 100 pupil teachers complete their elementary teacher training.

ABIT Main Academic Building

Schools in Cuttack
Cuttack
are either run by the CMC or by private trusts and individuals. The Odia medium schools in Cuttack
Cuttack
are affiliated to the Board of Secondary Education, Odisha
Odisha
whilst the English medium affiliated to either ICSE or the CBSE . Apart from English and Odia medium schools, certain Hindi, Urdu, Gujrati, Bengali and Telugu medium schools are also present in Cuttack. Ravenshaw Collegiate School, the oldest school of Odisha
Odisha
which proudly boasts many eminent personalities in its alumni including Netaji Subash Chandra Bose, Biju Patnaik, Harekrishna Mahatab, etc. is situated in Cuttack. Some of the other prominent Odia medium schools of the city include Secondary Board High School, Jobra High School, Ravenshaw Girls High School, Ranihat High School, Nua Bazar High School, Odisha
Odisha
Police High School, Christ Collegiate School, Kamalakanta Vidayapitha, Peary Mohan Academy, Badambadi New Colony High School, Matrubhaban, Buckley Girls School, CRRI High School. The city has a number of Saraswati Shishu Mandirs and CBSE schools. The prominent public schools are D.A.V. Public School, Sector-6, CDA, L.R.D.A.V Public School, Gandarpur, D.A.V. Public School, Rajabagicha, D.A.V. Public School, Tulsipur, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.2, Mahanadi
Mahanadi
Vihar, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.3, Kendriya Vidyalaya Arc Charbatia, Stewart School, New Stewart School, Delhi Public School Kalinga, St. Xavier's High School, Sri Sathya Sai School, St. Joseph's Girls High School, Sector-9, S.C.B. Medical Public School, Cambridge School, Joharimall High School, Modern Public School, Queen Mary's School etc.

Sri Sri University

Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, students complete ten years of schooling and then enroll for two years in junior college, where they select one of three streams: arts, commerce, or science. This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering and medicine. Most of the colleges in the city are affiliated to the Council of Higher Secondary Education. Some of the prominent colleges include Ravenshaw College, Kandarpur College, Kishorenagar College, Choudwar
Choudwar
College, Choudwar women's college, Cuttack
Cuttack
College, Jatiya Kabi Bira Kishore (J.K.B.K.) College, Netaji City College, Raghunathjew College, Sailabala Women's College, Emarti Devi Women's College, Indira Gandhi Women's College, City Women's College, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Higher Studies & Research, Stewart Science college, Christ College etc.

Central Rice Research Institute

The Twin Cities account for around 100 engineering colleges. Cuttack is home to several technical institutions which include Institute of Management and Information Technology (IMIT), Bhubananda Orissa school of Engineering(BOSE), Institute of Textile Technology (ITT), Dhaneshwar Rath Institute of Engineering & Management Studies (DRIEMS), Image Institute of Technology & Management (IITM), Ajay Binay Institute of Technology (ABIT), Institute of Professional Studies and Research (IPSAR), Jagannath
Jagannath
Institute of Engineering and Technology, Barabati Institute of Management Studies etc. Some of the other institute include Biju Pattnaik Institute of Film and Television and the Madhusudan Law College. Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College
Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College
(SCB), the largest medical college of the state is located in Cuttack. The S.C.B. Medical College also has a dental wing which offers bachelor's degree in dental sciences. Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre (AHRCC), the only one of its kind in Eastern India, carries out high-end research and treatment in cancer. The Regional Spinal Injury Centre (RSIC) is also situated in the S.C.B. Medical College Campus. RSIC is an autonomous organisation under the administrative and financial control of Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of Odisha
Odisha
and is headed by the director of the RSIC which provides rehabilitation measures to persons with disabilities especially spinal injury.

Ravenshaw Convention Centre

Asia's largest rice research institute, the Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI)[35] is situated in Cuttack. Ravenshaw University[36] is one of the oldest institutes of India
India
and the oldest college of the state which was founded by Thomas Edward Ravenshaw in 1868 and was granted University status on 15 November 2006. Cuttack
Cuttack
is also home to the prestigious National Law University Odisha, one of the 14 NLU's in India, which was established under the National Law University Odisha
Odisha
Act of 2008, the National Law University(NLU Cuttack).[37] It is one of the premier institutes for legal education in India
India
funded by the Central as well as the State government. Housed in a sprawling campus the university sees a host of legal luminaries who impart education to the students. Sri Sri University
Sri Sri University
established by Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
and Art of Living is situated at the far end of the city in Naraj.[38][39]

Panoramic view of Ravenshaw University

Transport[edit] Air[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
has an Air Base named Charbatia Air Base for the exclusive use of the Indian Air Force
Indian Air Force
and Aviation Research Centre
Aviation Research Centre
(ARC) a unit under Research and Analysis Wing
Research and Analysis Wing
(RAW), India. The nearest commercial airport is the Biju Patnaik
Biju Patnaik
International Airport at Bhubaneswar, about 28 km away but establishment of an Airport in Cuttack, at Choudwar
Choudwar
or Naraj to serve such a large population in and around the city is needed. Road[edit] On 28 April 2010, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways officially published a new numbering system for the National highway network in the Gazette of the Government of India. As per the new numbering National Highway 16 (former National Highway 5) runs from North to South of the City. As a part of the Golden Quadrilateral project, this highway runs from Chennai
Chennai
to Kolkata.National Highway 55 (former National Highway 42) connects Cuttack
Cuttack
with Sambalpur. Also Asian Highway 45 passes through the city. Feeder State Highways connect Cuttack
Cuttack
to Jajpur, Paradeep, Talcher, Angul, Kendrapara
Kendrapara
and nearby towns in Cuttack
Cuttack
district. Intra city transport is primarily through Auto rickshaws. Nowadays DTS city buses ply in the city to join different places in the city and the state capital. Cuttack
Cuttack
is a major junction connecting all the major parts of the state. The bus terminus at Cuttack
Cuttack
is located at Badambadi, and is one of the largest bus terminus in India, and thousands of private and government buses ply to hundreds of destinations everyday. A new Inter-state bus terminus (ISBT) at Balikuda is under construction to relieve pressure off the Badambadi Bus Terminus.

Night view of Cuttack
Cuttack
Railway Station

Rail[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
Junction is one of the important stations on the Howrah, Kolkata- Chennai
Chennai
mainline of the East Coast Railway
East Coast Railway
and falls under the Khurda Road division. A branch line to Paradeep
Paradeep
starts from Cuttack. It is connected to all parts of India
India
through trains run by the Indian Railways.The Cuttack
Cuttack
Railway station is selected to be developed as a multi-functional railway station with food courts shopping plaza, theatres to be developed . Other railway stations in the city are Baranga Junction, Balikuda, Matagajpur, Kandarpur, Kathajodi, Kendrapara
Kendrapara
Road, Kapilas Road, Manguli, Nergundi and Naraj. Metro[edit] The Government of Odisha
Odisha
has proposed a rapid transit system for the cities of Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhuabneswar. On 23 August 2014, Government of Odisha's Housing and Urban Development Department signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Balaji Railroad Systems Ltd (BARSYL) for preparation of a detailed project report (DPR) for mass rapid transit system (MRTS) between Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhubaneswar. The Balaji Railroad Systems Ltd (BARSYL) would get Rs 2.52 crore for preparation of DPR for approximately 30 km within a period of ten months. The government officials said it would be a testing for them to evict encroachments for expansion of roads in the twin cities.[40][41] Monorail[edit] The Government of Odisha
Odisha
is working on introduction of Monorail service in Cuttack. The Housing and Urban Development Department has taken up the issue for exploring Monorail
Monorail
system in Cuttack
Cuttack
to make it the first city in the state to have Monorail
Monorail
service. A study on the viability of launching the monorail over an eight to 10 km stretch in the city is expected to be carried out soon. The Engineering Projects (India) Ltd would conduct a comprehensive survey of the city's capacity to host the system as well as the traffic and congestion problems and submit a proposal.The initially proposed route of circular Ring Road has been ruled out as it was not considered feasible on traffic considerations. While Badambadi-Madhupatana Link Road stretch is the most congested with traffic density crossing 300 per minute, thoroughfares like College Square, Mangalabag, Buxi Bazaar, Chandni Chowk, CDA Square see peak flow of over 100 vehicles per minute are more likely to be taken into consideration.[42][43] Sports[edit]

Barabati Stadium
Barabati Stadium
Entrance

Cuttack
Cuttack
is the sports hub of Odisha. It is the host to the famous Barabati Stadium
Barabati Stadium
as well as many other stadium and grounds. Cuttack has a branch of Sports Authority Of India
India
(SAI) training centres, which was established on 26 March 1987 under Sports Hostel Scheme in the Barabati Sports Complex. The authority is responsible for training in Athletics, Basketball, Football, Volleyball, and Gymnastics.

Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
Indoor Hall

Barabati Sports Complex[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
is the home to the Barabati Sports Complex. The Barabati Stadium is an important venue for international cricket and football matches.[44][45] The Barabati Sports Complex hosts the head offices of most of the sports bodies of the state. Apart from cricket and football, the sports complex also has facilities for Lawn Tennis, Basketball, Volleyball, Swimming. The sports complex also houses a state-of-the-art indoor hall christened as Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
Indoor Hall, dedicated to legendary cricketer Sachin Tendulkar. The construction of the indoor hall was a joint venture of the Odisha Cricket Association and the Board of Control for Cricket in India which was formally inaugurated on the auspicious occasion of Utkal Divas. The centrally air-conditioned 185 feet long, 65 feet wide and 44 feet high four-storied complex has been built primarily to provide practise facility to cricketers during off season. The complex is also be used to stage competitions in different indoor sports including basketball, volleyball, badminton, table tennis, fencing, judo, weight-lifting and wrestling. Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium[edit] East India's second and Odisha's only indoor arena, Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium is situated in Cuttack. The indoor arena is primarily used for Gymnastics and Martial Arts. It has hosted many international and national sporting events in the past. It is also used to host musical concerts and award shows. Jagatpur Water Sports Complex[edit]

Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium

Cuttack
Cuttack
is also the only hub in Odisha
Odisha
for Water Sports. The Rowing & Sculling Association of Odisha
Odisha
is situated in Cuttack
Cuttack
at Jagatpur. The water sports events are facilitated in the River Birupa. Cuttack
Cuttack
also possesses Satyabrata Stadium, primarily used for athletics. The DRIEMS Stadium at Tangi has also hosted international cricket matches and is a regular venue for Ranji Trophy
Ranji Trophy
matches. Cuttack
Cuttack
also has some very good sporting grounds like Nimpur Grounds, Bidanasi Grounds, Sunshine Grounds, Ravenshaw Grounds, SCB Medical Grounds, BOSE Grounds which are the venues for annual state cricket and football championships and some of which are often used as additional venues for Ranji Trophy
Ranji Trophy
and Santosh Trophy
Santosh Trophy
matches. Cuttack
Cuttack
along with Mumbai
Mumbai
has hosted the 2013 Women's Cricket World Cup. Apart from it, Cuttack
Cuttack
has also hosted matches in 1987 Cricket World Cup and 1996 Cricket World Cup. The 18th and 24th National Games were held in Cuttack
Cuttack
in 1958 and 1970 respectively. Places of interest[edit] Barabati Fort[edit]

Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
Ruins

The Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
is a 14th-century castle built by the Ganga dynasty ruler Maharaja Markata Keshari. The ruins of the fort still remain with its moat, gate and the earthen mound of the nine-storied palace, which evokes the memories of past days. Chudangagarh Fort[edit] Chudangagarh otherwise called Sarangagarh is located near the Barang railway station and is 8 km. south-west of Cuttack
Cuttack
city on a fair-weather road. Like Barabati Fort
Barabati Fort
this fort also played a significant role in the medieval history of Orissa. Chodagandadeva of Ganga dynasty selected this site and built the fort for effective safeguard of his vast empire. Remains of fort walls, stepped wells, dilapidated temples, tanks with stone revetments, granary house, watch towers and dressed stones are abundantly noticed within the fortified area. A ruined palace containing sixteen rooms called Solapura Uasa is located inside the fort. The granary of the fort is indicated at a place called Chaula Ghara Banks. Chudangagarh is now a protected monument of the Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi. Netaji Birthplace Museum[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
takes pride in being the birthplace of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, the prominent Indian freedom-fighter and founder of Azad Hind Fauj. The birthplace of Netaji is situated in Oriya Bazar known as Janakinath Bhawan. The place has now been converted into a museum named Netaji Birth Place Museum. The museum showcases the original letters written by Netaji along with other important materials used by Netaji. Madhusudan Sangrahalaya[edit] Cuttack
Cuttack
is the birthplace of Utkala Gaurav Madhusudan Das. His former residence and workplace Madhusmruti was converted to Sailabala Women's College in 1952. A small hall within the college premises has been preserved as Madhusudan Sangrahalaya, that contains works and memoirs of the great architect of Odisha. Anand Bhavan[edit] Anand Bhavan, the ancestral house of Biju Patnaik
Biju Patnaik
at Tulsipur, was converted into a memorial museum in 2016. Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik's grandfather Laxmi Narayan Patnaik had built Anand Bhavan. Biju Babu was born there on March 5, 1916. Biju Babu's iconic Dakota DC-3 aircraft used to rescue Indonesian prime minister Sultan Sjahrir is scheduled to be showcased near his ancestral home. Odisha
Odisha
State Maritime Museum[edit]

Odisha
Odisha
State Maritime Museum

The Odisha
Odisha
State Maritime Museum was inaugurated by the Odisha
Odisha
chief minister Shri Naveen Pattnaik on 1 April 2013.[46] It has been set up at the erstwhile Jobra workshop on the banks of river Mahanadi
Mahanadi
near Jobra. It has 10 number of galleries and an aquarium. In 1882 the East India
India
Irrigation Company build an anicut (Jobra Anicut) (6349 ft. long) across the river Mahanadi
Mahanadi
near jobra and the Jobra Khunti (Pillar) to serve as a lighthouse to boats and cargo vessels passing through the river and the Taladanda canal. Old Jail Complex and the Freedom Fighter's Memorial[edit] It was inaugurated by Honorable Chief Minister of Odisha
Odisha
Mr. Naveen Patnaik on 23 January 2010, on the occasion of Netaji Jayanti. It is situated at the Old Jail complex. The old jail complex of Cuttack
Cuttack
near Ganga Mandir tank and Dargha Bazar was a British period jail cellular jail where many notable freedom fighters were imprisoned during the swaraj movement. Swaraj Ashram[edit] The Swaraj Ashram at Telengabazar is synonymous with Mahatma Gandhi's relationship with Odisha, Cuttack
Cuttack
in particular. The double-storey Ashram, located opposite the banks of river Kathajodi. was in the thick of the Non Cooperation Movement in the 1920s. This is where Gandhi stayed during his visits to Odisha. The ashram that spreads over 1100 sq ft area has been converted into a protected monument by the Government of Odisha. There are around 200 photographs in the ashram that captured Gandhi's visit to Odisha
Odisha
beginning with the one in 1921, the first of his seven trips to Odisha's 69 sites till 1946. Historians say that Cuttack
Cuttack
was the seat of the Freedom Movement in Odisha
Odisha
and the Swaraj Ashram played a pivotal role in paving the way for Swaraj Movement Maratha Barracks[edit] The Marhatta barracks are medieval era structures in Chauliaganj, presently used as headquarters of the 6th battalion of the Odisha State Armed police Force (OSAPF), were used as armoury both during the Marhatta and British rule. These iconic long barracks are one of the oldest surviving buildings of Odisha
Odisha
and are widely perceived as original remaining structures and a unique example of the synthesis of Maratha and Odishan architecture.[47] Rajaram Pandit started the work in 1775 and it was completed by Sadasiva Rao in 1793. Spread across a vast patch of forest land on the outskirts of the city, the place was infested by tigers, panthers, snakes and other wildlife. The forest was cleared except for some ancient trees, which are still standing tall. The domed structures were solidly built with local materials. Kiln baked bricks and lime mortar was used. There were big wells in the compound and underground cells. Separate stables for their horses and elephants, magazines for storing gunpowder, living quarters etc. were made. The barracks housed the artillery, cavalry and infantry forces. The Marathas had as many as 2,000 soldiers in the barracks. There was a thick wall around with watch towers, none of which now exist.

A rare picture from 1873

Salt House[edit] Britishers had built the Salt House in 1847-48 and the Collectorate was functioned from this house till new building was built. River 'Kathajodi' was the main transit source for the commercial commodities. The length of the buildings is 190' with 66 pillars. Presently the building is used as Courts of Sub Divisional Judicial Magistrates. The building had an aristocratic look with 3 guns standing as guards. Unfortunately the architecture of the building has been completely disfigured with many brickworks and structures. Gora Kabar Cemetery[edit] The Gora Kabar was set up in an area of five acres by the banks of the Mahanadi
Mahanadi
on the outskirts of the City by the East India
India
Company in 1822. The presence of the English officials and their families had become significant after the occupation of Cuttack
Cuttack
in 1803. The site already had graves of a few Englishmen before it was walled in and designated as a graveyard. Initially it was a cemetery for all Christians, but later on it was used only by the Baptists Lalitgiri[edit] Lalitgiri also known as Naltigiri is a major Buddhist
Buddhist
Mahavihara complex in the Indian state of Odisha
Odisha
comprising major stupas, 'esoteric' Buddha images, and monasteries (viharas), one of the oldest sites in the region. Together with the Ratnagiri and Udayagiri sites, Lalitgiri is part of Puspagiri University
Puspagiri University
located on top of hills of the same names. The three complexes are known as the "Diamond Triangle". Significant finds at this complex include Buddha's relics. Tantric Buddhism
Buddhism
was practiced at this site. Recreation and Entertainment[edit] Malls and Multiplexes[edit] Sangam is the first multiplex in the city and will soon be having its second multiplex in the form of a national player namely INOX with construction work for the same well underway at the site of Durga
Durga
and Devi theatres. The city has numerous malls and shopping complexes the largest one being Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose
Arcade near the Old Jail complex. The Cuttack
Cuttack
Club[edit] The Cuttack
Cuttack
Club established in 1865 is one of the oldest clubs in the country and is unique in the country being present in the Fort of a palace built by the king during 14th century. Facilities include Swimming Pool, Billiards, Table Tennis, Badminton, Squash, Cards room, Gym, Health club, bar, lawn bar, restaurant serving Indian and Chinese cuisine, library, etc. It was built by the Britishers for their exclusive use and entertainment. Indians were denied entry at that time. Kila Dalijoda[edit] Situated in Amblijhari near Chowdwar is a lesser known homestay. This beautiful Palace was built by "Raja Jyoti Prasad Singh Deo", the great grandfather of Debjit Singh Deo in 1931. Once used as an exclusive hunting resort of the Rulers of Panchakote Raj Dynasty and their family members. A very beautiful two storied stone house built in laterite stone, dedicated exclusively to his family deity, commonly known as "Rajabati", is situated very close to the capital city of Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
and Cuttack. The serene and sublime beauty of Kapilas Elephant Sanctuary and it's surroundings hills forms a breath taking back drop to this beautiful property. A one of a kind mansion like structure having a European style architecture and fittings, with arched windows and doors fitted with colored glasses and it has the most modern furniture and fittings of past era including self-generating electricity. The palace boasts of some vintage period furniture and artifacts being displayed in various forms. The property is surrounded by high walls. Two huge water reservoirs are adjacent to the property offering a grand view of the surrounding life and makes an ideal place to sit out for an evening sundowners with bonfire story sessions. The property remained abandoned since the late 80”s, till Debjit and Namrata moved in after a long gap of 25 years and with their great effort and style are renovating this mansion to its original condition. Parks and Gardens[edit] Ocean World Water park[edit] The city constitutes the state's only water park named Ocean World. Due to the strategic location of the water park being situated on the midway of Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhubaneswar, it is a popular outing location for the people of both cities. CMC Deer park[edit] A deer park is situated beside the Mahanadi
Mahanadi
Ring Road at Madhusudan Nagar, overseeing the beautiful Mahanadi
Mahanadi
River. The park has about 200 deers. The Park is maintained by the CMC. Recreational parks[edit] The city is filled with numerous social parks. Biju Pattnaik park, Gouri Shankar park, Kathajodi river view park, Khannagar park, Jobra park, CDA Sec-6 park are some of the prominent existing parks. Nandankanan Zoological Park and Botanical Gardens[edit] Nandankanan is a 400-hectare (990-acre) zoo and botanical garden near Baranga between Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhubaneswar. Established in 1960, it was opened to the public in 1979 and became the first zoo in India
India
to join World Association of Zoos and Aquariums
World Association of Zoos and Aquariums
(WAZA) in 2009. It also contains a botanical garden and part of it has been declared a sanctuary. Nandankanan, literally meaning The Garden of Heaven, is located in the environs of the Chandaka forest, and includes the 134-acre (54 ha) Kanjia lake. Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary[edit] Chandka Elephant Sanctuary is a wildlife reserve located in the north western fringe of Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
in the Indian state of Odisha. Nestled on Khurdha uplands of the Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
biotic region, Chandaka forest is spread over 175.79 square kilometres (67.87 sq mi) of rolling table land and small sprawling hillocks of Khurdha and Cuttack
Cuttack
Districts. It was designated as an elephant reserve in December 1982. Lakes and Reservoirs[edit]

Anshupa Lake

Anshupa Lake[edit] Anshupa lake is a 141-hectare horseshoe shaped fresh water lake on the left bank of the Mahanadi
Mahanadi
river. It is 40 km from the city and acts as a shelter for the migratory birds in the wintry weather season. This small but extremely picturesque lake holds a prominent position in the tourist map of Odisha
Odisha
for its beauty and proximity to both Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhubaneswar. Some bamboo cottages are made on the top of Saranda hill for tourist refreshments. Boating facilities are available.

Jobra Anikut

Jobra Reservoir[edit] Jobra Barrage or Jobra Anikut as widely called is a major source of water for the Mahanadi
Mahanadi
delta region. Taladanda canal, a major irrigation and flood canal in coastal area starts from here. IOCL's Paradip Refinery
Paradip Refinery
has its water intake point from this barrage. The barrage is a very picturesque spot for watching sunsets and thus attracts locals. Naraj Reservoir[edit] Situated at the bifurcation point of Mahanadi
Mahanadi
and Kathajodi rivers, it marks the westernmost tip of Cuttack
Cuttack
city. It is a major irrigation dam on Kathajodi river that ensures the water level in Mahanadi
Mahanadi
river and thereby preventing flood situations in Cuttack. Near to the Naraj Barrage is the Mundali barrage that is the starting point of Puri Canal. Naraj is a major railway station apart from Cuttack
Cuttack
railway station. The area surrounding Naraj has a large number of industries. Stone Revetment on Mahanadi[edit] Idea of Embankment and fund contribution given by Cuttack
Cuttack
Raksaka Baimundi to Maharaja Markata Keshari to save Cuttack
Cuttack
from Flood. The King then constructed the Historic Embankment and named as Baimundi Embankment. Notable People[edit] The following are a selected notable people who were born or have spend a major part of their life in Cuttack.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Madhusudan Das Gopal Chandra Praharaj Sailabala Das Ramadevi Choudhury Gopabandhu Das Harekrushna Mahatab Biju Patnaik Naveen Patnaik Giridharilal Kedia Annapurna Maharana Akshaya Mohanty Samuel Tickell Syed Ameer Ali Bhikari Bal Krushna Chandra Kar Rabi Ray Baishnaba Pani Nandini Satpathy Koovarji Karsan Rathor Debashish Mohanty Biren Mitra Shiv Sunder Das Thomas Edward Ravenshaw Artaballabha Mohanty Kumkum Mohanty Binod Kanungo Anubhav Mohanty Sabyasachi Mishra Arindam Roy Hara Pattanaik Mihir Das Sona Mohapatra Elina Samantray

Gallery[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2017)

See also[edit]

India
India
portal Odisha
Odisha
portal

Cuttack
Cuttack
Chandi
Chandi
Temple Bali
Bali
Jatra Ravenshaw University Barabati Stadium Barabati fort Cuttack
Cuttack
Municipal Corporation Cuttack
Cuttack
district Cuttack
Cuttack
(Lok Sabha constituency) Cuttack
Cuttack
Development Authority List of twin towns and sister cities in India

References[edit]

^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India, Government of India. Retrieved 2 November 2011.  ^ "odisha high court location map". Odisha
Odisha
high court road map. Odisha Government. Retrieved 2014-08-08. [permanent dead link] ^ "Geographical Details of CMC". Geography. cuttack Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World". City Population. City Population, Germany. Retrieved 2014-08-11.  ^ "Tier I and Tier II Cities map". Tier II Cities map. maps of India. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ "Tier II and Tier III Cities". Tier II Cities. Business Today. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ "Growth of Tier II and Tier III Cities". Tier II Cities growth. NBM Media. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ "Welcome to Cuttack
Cuttack
Municipal Corporation". www.cmccuttack.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-02-06.  ^ a b Bhoi, Debendra Nath; Bakshi, Priyadarshini. "Historical Importance of Cuttack
Cuttack
Town" (PDF). Orissa Historical Research Journal. 47 (2): 132–136. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2013.  ^ "Description of the Ward no.1". Cuttack
Cuttack
Municipal Corporation.  ^ Stirling, Andrew (1822). An account, geographical, statistical and historical of Orissa proper, or Cuttack. [Calcutta].  ^ a b Mohanty, Pramod Kumar (2007). "Cuttack : Carrying the Heritage of Orissa" (PDF). Orissa Review. 63 (1): 57–61. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2014.  ^ Reddy, Krishna (2005). General Studies History 4 UPSC. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. B-32. ISBN 978-0-07-060447-6.  ^ Das, G. S. (1955). "History of Cuttack". Orissa Historical Research Journal. 3: 197–214.  ^ Mohanty, Arun K. (2000). "Cuttack: City of the Fort". Orissa Review. 2000 (7 (September)): 36–40.  ^ Cuttack
Cuttack
Approved – N at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency ^ "History of Cyclone". Odisha
Odisha
State Disaster Management Authories. Retrieved 10 June 2014.  ^ a b "Hazard profiles of Indian districts" (PDF). National Capacity Building Project in Disaster Management. UNDP. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2006. Retrieved 23 August 2006.  ^ Goldenberg, Suzanne (1 November 1999). " Cyclone
Cyclone
kills hundreds in India". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 December 2012.  ^ " Bali
Bali
Jatra". Online Webpage Bali
Bali
Jatra. Directorate of Culture, Cuttack. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.  ^ "Top Cities of India, Census of 2011". Online Webpage of Census of India. Registrar General, Government of India. Retrieved 4 August 2014.  ^ " India
India
(Religion), Census of 2001". Online Webpage of Census of India. Registrar General, Government of India. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2011.  ^ "Overview on CMC". Cuttack
Cuttack
Municipal Corporation.  ^ "BJD Forms CMC Council, Anita Behera Elected as New Mayor". The New Indian Express. 14 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014.  ^ "Anita Behera elected CMC mayor". The Pioneer. 14 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014.  ^ " Paradip Port Limited".  ^ "Precious Emotions Captured in Silver: The Silver Filigree
Filigree
Work of Cuttack". Orissa Review. 2002 (November): 5.  ^ Mohanty, Rabindra K. "Socio-economic Conditions of Silver Filigree Artisans: A Pilot Study in the Silver City". Orissa Review. 1993 (August): 31–41.  ^ "History". All India
India
Radio, Cuttack. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014.  ^ " Cuttack
Cuttack
Radio station". All India
India
Radio. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2012.  ^ "List of operational private FM channels in India" (PDF). Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.  ^ "Orissacinema.com". Orissacinema.com. Archived from the original on 5 February 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2013.  ^ "Position of Oriya Film Industry". Directorate of Film Festivals.  ^ Nanda, Jayanta K. (2001). Industrial Development. Sarup & Sons. p. 146. ISBN 978-8176252539.  ^ " Central Rice Research Institute
Central Rice Research Institute
(ICAR) (homepage)". Central Rice Research Institute. Retrieved 26 July 2014.  ^ "Welcome to Ravenshaw University". Ravenshawuniversity.ac.in. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.  ^ "National Law University, Orissa ← NLUO". Nluo.ac.in. Retrieved 24 September 2013.  ^ Super User. "Enjoy situations with college paper generating?". Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ Orissa Gazette (No. 1886, Cuttack, Monday, 28 December 2009 / PAUSA 7, 1931 ^ " Odisha
Odisha
ready to go for MRTS for faster travel between twin cities". OdishaSunTimes.com. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ " Odisha
Odisha
plans metro, signs contract for detailed project report preparation". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ " Monorail
Monorail
system in Cuttack
Cuttack
on cards". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ " Odisha
Odisha
plans Monorail
Monorail
transit system for Cuttack
Cuttack
and Bhubaneswar". timesofindia-economictimes. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ "Barbati Stadium". India9.com. 7 June 2005. Retrieved 24 September 2013.  ^ " Barabati Stadium
Barabati Stadium
India
India
Cricket Grounds ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 24 September 2013.  ^ dawn, richard1. " Odisha
Odisha
Maritime Museum". www.odishastatemaritimemuseum.org. Retrieved 21 April 2016.  ^ "Preserve the Cuttack
Cuttack
Maratha barracks for posterity, say researchers Odisha
Odisha
Television Limited". 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cuttack.

Cuttack
Cuttack
Municipal Corporation Cuttack Development Authority (CDA) Official website of Cuttack
Cuttack
district Cuttack
Cuttack
travel guide from Wikivoyage

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