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Corinth
Corinth
(/ˈkɒrɪnθ/; Greek: Κόρινθος, Kórinthos, pronounced [ˈkorinθos] ( listen)) is an ancient city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, which is located in south-central Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality of Corinth, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] It is the capital of Corinthia. It was founded as Nea Korinthos or New Corinth
Corinth
(Νέα Κόρινθος) in 1858 after an earthquake destroyed the existing settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of ancient Corinth.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Economy

4.1 Industry

5 Transport

5.1 Roads 5.2 Bus 5.3 Railways 5.4 Port

5.4.1 Ferries

5.5 Canal

6 Sport 7 Twin towns/sister cities 8 Notable people 9 Other locations named after Corinth 10 Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Geography[edit] Located about 78 kilometres (48 mi) west of Athens, Corinth
Corinth
is surrounded by the coastal townlets of (clockwise) Lechaio, Isthmia, Kechries, and the inland townlets of Examilia
Examilia
and the archaeological site and village of ancient Corinth. Natural features around the city include the narrow coastal plain of Vocha, the Corinthian Gulf, the Isthmus of Corinth
Isthmus of Corinth
cut by its canal, the Saronic Gulf, the Oneia Mountains, and the monolithic rock of Acrocorinth, where the medieval acropolis was built. History[edit] Further information: Ancient Corinth Corinth
Corinth
derives its name from Ancient Corinth, a city-state of antiquity. The site was occupied from before 3000 BC. But historical sources about the city concerns the early 8th century BC, when Corinth began to develop as a commercial center. Between the 8th and 7th centuries Bacchiad family ruled Corinth. During 657 and 550 the city was ruled as tyrants by Periander, the son of Cypselus who overthrew the Bacchiad family. In about 550 BC an oligarchical government seized power. This government allied with Sparta
Sparta
within the Peloponnesian League, and Corinth
Corinth
participated in the Persian Wars and Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
as an ally of Sparta. After Sparta's victory in the Peloponnesian war, the two allies fell out with one another, and Corinth
Corinth
pursued an independent policy in the various wars of the early 4th century BC. After the Macedonian conquest of Greece, the Acrocorinth
Acrocorinth
was the seat of a Macedonian garrison until 243 BC, when the city was liberated and joined the Achaean League. Nearly a century later, in 146 BC, Corinth was captured and destroyed by Roman armies. As a Roman colony in 44 BC, Corinth
Corinth
flourished and became the administrative capital of the Roman province of Achaea.[3] In 1858, the old city, now known as Ancient Corinth
Ancient Corinth
(Αρχαία Κόρινθος, Archaia Korinthos), located 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) south-west of the modern city, was totally destroyed by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake. New Corinth
Corinth
(Nea Korinthos) was then built to the north-east of it, on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. In 1928 a magnitude 6.3 earthquake devastated the new city, which was then rebuilt on the same site.[4] In 1933 there was a great fire, and the new city was rebuilt again. Demographics[edit]

Corinth
Corinth
census figures

Year Pop. ±%

1991 28,071 —    

2001 30,434 +8.4%

2011 30,176 −0.8%

[5]

The Municipality
Municipality
of Corinth
Corinth
(Δήμος Κορινθίων) had a population of 58,192 according to the 2011 census, the second most populous municipality in the Peloponnese Region
Peloponnese Region
after Kalamata.[1] The municipal unit of Corinth
Corinth
had 38,132 inhabitants, of which Corinth itself had 30,176 inhabitants, placing it in third place behind Kalamata
Kalamata
and Tripoli
Tripoli
among the cities of the Peloponnese Region.[1] The municipal unit of Corinth
Corinth
(Δημοτική ενότητα Κορινθίων) includes apart from Corinth
Corinth
proper the town of Archaia Korinthos
Archaia Korinthos
(2,198 inhabitants in 2011), the town of Examilia (2,905 inhabitants), and the smaller settlements of Xylokeriza (1,316 inhabitants) and Solomos (817 inhabitants).[1] The municipal unit has an area of 102.187 km2.[6] Economy[edit] Industry[edit] Corinth
Corinth
is a major industrial hub at a national level. Corinth Refineries are one of the largest oil refining Industrial complex in Europe. Copper cables, petroleum products, leather, medical equipment, marble, gypsum, ceramic tiles, salt, mineral water and beverages, meat products, and gums are produced nearby. As of 2005[update], a period of deindustrialization has commenced as a large pipework complex, a textile factory and a meat packing facility diminished their operations. Transport[edit]

The rail road bridge over the Isthmus of Corinth.

Roads[edit] Corinth
Corinth
is a major road hub. The A7 toll motorway for Tripoli
Tripoli
and Kalamata, (and Sparta
Sparta
via A71 toll), branches off the A8/European route E94 toll motorway from Athens
Athens
at Corinth. Corinth
Corinth
is the main entry point to the Peloponnesian peninsula, the southernmost area of continental Greece. Bus[edit] KTEL Korinthias provides intercity bus service in the peninsula and to Athens
Athens
via the Isthmos station southeast of the city center.[7] Local bus service is also available. Railways[edit] The city has been connected to the Proastiakos, the Athens
Athens
suburban rail network, since 2005, when the new Corinth railway station
Corinth railway station
was completed. Port[edit] The port of Corinth, located north of the city centre and close to the northwest entrance of the Corinth
Corinth
Canal, at 37 56.0’ N / 22 56.0’ E, serves the local needs of industry and agriculture. It is mainly a cargo exporting facility. It is an artificial harbour (depth approximately 9 metres (30 ft), protected by a concrete mole (length approximately 930 metres, width 100 metres, mole surface 93,000 m2). A new pier finished in the late 1980s doubled the capacity of the port. The reinforced mole protects anchored vessels from strong northern winds. Within the port operates a customs office facility and a Hellenic Coast Guard post. Sea traffic is limited to trade in the export of local produce, mainly citrus fruits, grapes, marble, aggregates and some domestic imports. The port operates as a contingency facility for general cargo ships, bulk carriers and ROROs, in case of strikes at Piraeus
Piraeus
port. Ferries[edit] There was formerly a ferry link to Catania, Sicily
Sicily
and Genoa
Genoa
in Italy.

Panorama view of the port.

Canal[edit] Main article: Corinth
Corinth
Canal

View of the Corinth
Corinth
Canal.

The Corinth
Corinth
Canal, carrying ship traffic between the western Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and the Aegean Sea, is about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) east of the city, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth that connects the Peloponnesian peninsula to the Greek mainland, thus effectively making the former an island. The builders dug the canal through the Isthmus at sea level; no locks are employed. It is 6.4 kilometres (4.0 mi) in length and only 21.3 metres (70 ft) wide at its base, making it impassable for most modern ships. It now has little economic importance. The canal was mooted in classical times and an abortive effort was made to build it in the 1st century AD. Construction started in 1881 but was hampered by geological and financial problems that bankrupted the original builders. It was completed in 1893, but due to the canal's narrowness, navigational problems and periodic closures to repair landslips from its steep walls, it failed to attract the level of traffic anticipated by its operators. It is now used mainly for tourist traffic. Sport[edit] The city's association football team is Korinthos F.C.
Korinthos F.C.
(Π.Α.E. Κόρινθος), established in 1999 after the merger of Pankorinthian Football Club (Παγκορινθιακός) and Corinth Football Club (Κόρινθος). During the 2006–2007 season, the team played in the Greek Fourth Division's Regional Group 7. The team went undefeated that season and it earned the top spot.[8] This granted the team a promotion to the Gamma Ethnikí (Third Division) for the 2007–2008 season. For the 2008–2009 season, Korinthos F.C. competed in the Gamma Ethniki (Third Division) southern grouping. Twin towns/sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece Corinth
Corinth
is twinned with:

Syracuse, Sicily[9] Jagodina, Serbia Corinth, Mississippi Abilene, Texas, United States[10]

Notable people[edit]

Costas Soukoulis
Costas Soukoulis
(1951–), Professor of Physics at Iowa State University Demetrius the Cynic (1st century AD), philosopher George Kollias (1977–), drummer for US technical death metal band Nile. Ioannis Papadiamantopoulos (1766–1826), revolutionary leader during the Greek War of Independence. Irene Papas, Greek actress Paul the Apostle, Saul of Tarsus, Jewish missionary, lived and worked here for several years around 45 AD Macarius (1731–1805), Metropolitan bishop of Corinth Anastasios Bakasetas
Anastasios Bakasetas
(1993–), Greek footballer Evangelos Ikonomou (1987–), Greek footballer Panagiotis Tzanavaras (1964–), Greek footballer and football manager Nikolaos Zafeiriou (1871–1947), Greek artillery officer Konstantinos Triantafyllopoulos
Konstantinos Triantafyllopoulos
(1993–) Greek footballer Panagis Tsaldaris
Panagis Tsaldaris
(1868–1936), Greek politician and prime minister of Greece

Other locations named after Corinth[edit] Further information: List of locations named after Corinth, Greece Due to its ancient history and the presence of St. Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle
in Corinth
Corinth
some locations all over the world have been named Corinth. Gallery[edit]

A street in Corinth

Pegasus
Pegasus
Square in New Corinth

Statue of Pegasus, emblem of the city

Aerial photograph of the Isthmus of Corinth

See also[edit]

Corinth
Corinth
Canal Corinth
Corinth
Excavations List of traditional Greek place names

References[edit]

^ a b c d e "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Corinth-Greece ^ Tsapanos, Theodoros M.; et al. (March 2011). "Deterministic seismic hazard analysis for the city of Corinth, central Greece" (PDF). Journal of the Balkan Geophysical Society. 14 (1): 1–14. Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ EL STAT ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2015.  ^ " Corinth
Corinth
– Map and travel Information". Retrieved 26 April 2016.  ^ [1] Archived 23 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Gemellaggio tra Siracusa e Corinto". Liberta Sicilia. 8 January 2008.  ^ "Sister cities of Abilene, Texas
Abilene, Texas
— sistercity.info". en.sistercity.info. Retrieved 2018-02-01. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Corinth.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Corinth.

City of Corinth
Corinth
official website (in Greek) Kórinthos FC official website (in Greek)

Places adjacent to Corinth

Gulf of Corinth Loutraki-Perachora

Assos-Lechaio

Corinth
Corinth
(municipal unit)

Saronic Gulf

Tenea Saronikos

v t e

  Prefectural capitals of Greece

Agios Nikolaos Alexandroupoli Amfissa Argostoli Arta Athens Chalcis Chania Chios Corfu Corinth Drama Edessa Ermoupoli Florina Grevena Heraklion Igoumenitsa Ioannina Kalamata Karditsa Karpenisi Kastoria Katerini Kavala Kilkis Komotini Kozani Lamia Larissa Lefkada Livadeia Missolonghi Mytilene Nafplion Pallini Patras Piraeus Polygyros Preveza Pyrgos Rethymno Rhodes Serres Sparta Thessaloniki Trikala Tripoli Vathy Veria Volos Xanthi Zakynthos

v t e

Subdivisions of the municipality of Corinth

Municipal unit of Assos-Lechaio

Assos Kato Assos Lechaio Perigiali

Municipal unit of Corinth

Ancient Corinth Corinth Examilia Solomos Xylokeriza

Municipal unit of Saronikos

Agios Ioannis Athikia Galataki Katakali

Municipal unit of Solygeia

Angelokastro Korfos Sofiko

Municipal unit of Tenea

Agionori Agios Vasileios Chiliomodi Klenia Koutalas Stefani

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 246513497 GND: 4032477-1 SELIBR: 238658 BNF:

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