CORINTH (/ˈkɒrɪnθ/ ; Greek : Κόρινθος, Kórinthos,
pronounced ( listen )) is a city and former municipality in
Corinthia , Peloponnese ,
Greece . Since the 2011 local government
reform it is part of the municipality of
Corinth , of which it is the
seat and a municipal unit. It is the capital of Corinthia.
It was founded as NEA KORINTHOS or NEW CORINTH (Νέα
Κόρινθος) in 1858 after an earthquake destroyed the existing
settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Industry
* 5 Transport
* 5.1 Roads
* 5.2 Bus
* 5.3 Railways
* 5.4 Port
* 5.4.1 Ferries
* 5.5 Canal
* 6 Sport
* 7 Twin towns/sister cities
* 8 Notable people
* 9 Other locations named after
* 10 Gallery
* 11 See also
* 12 References
* 13 External links
Located about 78 kilometres (48 mi) west of
surrounded by the coastal townlets of (clockwise)
Lechaio , Isthmia ,
Kechries , and the inland townlets of
Examilia and the archaeological
site and village of ancient Corinth. Natural features around the city
include the narrow coastal plain of Vocha , the Corinthian Gulf , the
Isthmus of Corinth
Isthmus of Corinth cut by its canal , the
Saronic Gulf , the Oneia
Mountains , and the monolithic rock of
Acrocorinth , where the
medieval acropolis was built.
Corinth derives its name from
Ancient Corinth , a city-state of
antiquity. In 1858, the old city, now known as Archaia Korinthos
(Αρχαία Κόρινθος), located 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) SW
of the modern city, was totally destroyed by a magnitude 6.5
earthquake. NEA KORINTHOS or NEW CORINTH was then built a few
kilometers away on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. A magnitude 6.3
earthquake in 1928 devastated the new city, which was then rebuilt on
the same site. It was rebuilt again after a great fire in 1933.
CORINTH CENSUS FIGURES
Corinth (Δήμος Κορινθίων) had a
population of 58,192 according to the 2011 census, the second most
populous municipality in the
Peloponnese Region after
Kalamata . The
municipal unit of
Corinth had 38,132 inhabitants, of which Corinth
itself had 30,176 inhabitants, placing it in third place behind
Kalamata and Tripoli among the cities of the Peloponnese Region.
The municipal unit of
Corinth (Δημοτική ενότητα
Κορινθίων) includes apart from
Corinth proper the town of
Archaia Korinthos (2,198 inhabitants in 2011), the town of Examilia
(2,905 inhabitants), and the smaller settlements of Xylokeriza (1,316
inhabitants) and Solomos (817 inhabitants). The municipal unit has an
area of 102.187 km2.
Corinth is a major industrial hub at a national level. Corinth
Refineries are one of the largest oil refining Industrial complex in
Europe . Copper cables, petroleum products, leather, medical
equipment, marble, gypsum, ceramic tiles, salt, mineral water and
beverages, meat products, and gums are produced nearby. As of 2005 , a
period of deindustrialization has commenced as a large pipework
complex, a textile factory and a meat packing facility diminished
The rail road bridge over the Isthmus of Corinth.
Corinth is a major road hub. The A7 toll motorway for Tripoli and
Kalamata, (and Sparta via A71 toll ), branches off the A8 /European
route E94 toll motorway from
Athens at Corinth.
Corinth is the main
entry point to the Peloponnesian peninsula, the southernmost area of
KTEL Korinthias provides intercity bus service in the peninsula and
Athens via the Isthmos station southeast of the city center. Local
bus service is also available.
The city has been connected to the
Proastiakos , the
rail network, since 2005, when the new
Corinth railway station was
The port of Corinth, located north of the city centre and close to
the northwest entrance of the
Corinth Canal , at 37 56.0’ N / 22
56.0’ E, serves the local needs of industry and agriculture. It is
mainly a cargo exporting facility.
It is an artificial harbour (depth approximately 9 metres (30 ft),
protected by a concrete mole (length approximately 930 metres, width
100 metres, mole surface 93,000 m2). A new pier finished in the late
1980s doubled the capacity of the port. The reinforced mole protects
anchored vessels from strong northern winds.
Within the port operates a customs office facility and a Hellenic
Coast Guard post. Sea traffic is limited to trade in the export of
local produce, mainly citrus fruits, grapes, marble, aggregates and
some domestic imports. The port operates as a contingency facility for
general cargo ships, bulk carriers and ROROs , in case of strikes at
There was formerly a ferry link to
Italy . Panorama view of the port.
Corinth Canal View of the
Corinth Canal , carrying ship traffic between the western
Mediterranean Sea and the
Aegean Sea , is about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
east of the city, cutting through the
Isthmus of Corinth
Isthmus of Corinth that connects
the Peloponnesian peninsula to the Greek mainland, thus effectively
making the former an island. The builders dug the canal through the
Isthmus at sea level; no locks are employed. It is 6.4 kilometres (4.0
mi) in length and only 21.3 metres (70 ft) wide at its base, making it
impassable for most modern ships. It now has little economic
The canal was mooted in classical times and an abortive effort was
made to build it in the 1st century AD. Construction started in 1881
but was hampered by geological and financial problems that bankrupted
the original builders. It was completed in 1893, but due to the
canal's narrowness, navigational problems and periodic closures to
repair landslips from its steep walls, it failed to attract the level
of traffic anticipated by its operators. It is now used mainly for
The city's association football team is
Korinthos F.C. (Π.Α.E.
Κόρινθος), established in 1999 after the merger of
Pankorinthian Football Club (Παγκορινθιακός) and Corinth
Football Club (Κόρινθος). During the 2006–2007 season, the
team played in the Greek Fourth Division's Regional Group 7. The team
went undefeated that season and it earned the top spot. This granted
the team a promotion to the Gamma Ethnikí (Third Division) for the
2007–2008 season. For the 2008–2009 season, Korinthos F.C.
competed in the
Gamma Ethniki (Third Division) southern grouping.
TWIN TOWNS/SISTER CITIES
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
Corinth is twinned with:
* Syracuse ,
Abilene, Texas ,
Corinth, Vermont ,
Costas Soukoulis (1951–), Professor of Physics at Iowa State
Demetrius the Cynic (1st century AD), philosopher
* George Kollias (1977–), drummer for US technical death metal
band Nile .
* Ioannis Papadiamantopoulos (1766–1826), revolutionary leader
Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence .
Irene Papas , Greek actress
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle , Saul of Tarsus, Jewish missionary, lived and
worked here for several years around 45 AD
* Macarius (1731–1805), Metropolitan bishop of Corinth
Anastasios Bakasetas (1993–), Greek footballer
Evangelos Ikonomou (1987–), Greek footballer
Panagiotis Tzanavaras (1964–), Greek footballer and football
Nikolaos Zafeiriou (1871–1947), Greek artillery officer
Konstantinos Triantafyllopoulos (1993–) Greek footballer
Panagis Tsaldaris (1868–1936), Greek politician and prime
minister of Greece
OTHER LOCATIONS NAMED AFTER CORINTH
Further information: List of locations named after Corinth,
Due to its ancient history and the presence of St. Paul the Apostle
Corinth some locations all over the world have been named Corinth.
A street in
Pegasus Square in New
Pegasus , emblem of the city
Aerial photograph of the
Isthmus of Corinth
Isthmus of Corinth
List of traditional Greek place names
* ^ A B C D E "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού -
Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in
Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
* ^ Kallikratis law
Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
* ^ Tsapanos, Theodoros M.; et al. (March 2011). "Deterministic
seismic hazard analysis for the city of Corinth, central Greece"
(PDF). Journal of the Balkan Geophysical Society. 14 (1): 1–14.
Retrieved 21 July 2015.
* ^ EL STAT
* ^ "Population ">(PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of
Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2015.
* ^ "
Corinth – Map and travel Information". Retrieved 26 April
* ^ Archived 23 July 2010 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "Gemellaggio tra Siracusa e Corinto". Liberta Sicilia. 8
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for CORINTH .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to CORINTH .
* City of
Corinth official website (in Greek)
* Kórinthos FC