Corinth (/ˈkɒrɪnθ/; Greek: Κόρινθος, Kórinthos,
pronounced [ˈkorinθos] ( listen)) is an ancient city
and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, which is located in
south-central Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is
part of the municipality of Corinth, of which it is the seat and a
municipal unit. It is the capital of Corinthia.
It was founded as Nea Korinthos or New
Κόρινθος) in 1858 after an earthquake destroyed the existing
settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of
7 Twin towns/sister cities
8 Notable people
9 Other locations named after Corinth
11 See also
13 External links
Located about 78 kilometres (48 mi) west of Athens,
surrounded by the coastal townlets of (clockwise) Lechaio, Isthmia,
Kechries, and the inland townlets of
Examilia and the archaeological
site and village of ancient Corinth. Natural features around the city
include the narrow coastal plain of Vocha, the Corinthian Gulf, the
Isthmus of Corinth
Isthmus of Corinth cut by its canal, the Saronic Gulf, the Oneia
Mountains, and the monolithic rock of Acrocorinth, where the medieval
acropolis was built.
Further information: Ancient Corinth
Corinth derives its name from Ancient Corinth, a city-state of
antiquity. The site was occupied from before 3000 BC. But historical
sources about the city concerns the early 8th century BC, when Corinth
began to develop as a commercial center. Between the 8th and 7th
Bacchiad family ruled Corinth. During 657 and 550 the city
was ruled as tyrants by Periander, the son of
Cypselus who overthrew
In about 550 BC an oligarchical government seized power. This
government allied with
Sparta within the Peloponnesian League, and
Corinth participated in the Persian Wars and
Peloponnesian War as an
ally of Sparta. After Sparta's victory in the Peloponnesian war, the
two allies fell out with one another, and
Corinth pursued an
independent policy in the various wars of the early 4th century BC.
After the Macedonian conquest of Greece, the
Acrocorinth was the seat
of a Macedonian garrison until 243 BC, when the city was liberated and
joined the Achaean League. Nearly a century later, in 146 BC, Corinth
was captured and destroyed by Roman armies.
As a Roman colony in 44 BC,
Corinth flourished and became the
administrative capital of the Roman province of Achaea.
In 1858, the old city, now known as
Ancient Corinth (Αρχαία
Κόρινθος, Archaia Korinthos), located 3 kilometres (1.9 miles)
south-west of the modern city, was totally destroyed by a magnitude
6.5 earthquake. New
Corinth (Nea Korinthos) was then built to the
north-east of it, on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. In 1928 a
magnitude 6.3 earthquake devastated the new city, which was then
rebuilt on the same site. In 1933 there was a great fire, and the
new city was rebuilt again.
Corinth census figures
Corinth (Δήμος Κορινθίων) had a
population of 58,192 according to the 2011 census, the second most
populous municipality in the
Peloponnese Region after Kalamata. The
municipal unit of
Corinth had 38,132 inhabitants, of which Corinth
itself had 30,176 inhabitants, placing it in third place behind
Tripoli among the cities of the Peloponnese Region.
The municipal unit of
Corinth (Δημοτική ενότητα
Κορινθίων) includes apart from
Corinth proper the town of
Archaia Korinthos (2,198 inhabitants in 2011), the town of Examilia
(2,905 inhabitants), and the smaller settlements of Xylokeriza (1,316
inhabitants) and Solomos (817 inhabitants). The municipal unit has
an area of 102.187 km2.
Corinth is a major industrial hub at a national level. Corinth
Refineries are one of the largest oil refining Industrial complex in
Europe. Copper cables, petroleum products, leather, medical equipment,
marble, gypsum, ceramic tiles, salt, mineral water and beverages, meat
products, and gums are produced nearby. As of 2005[update], a period
of deindustrialization has commenced as a large pipework complex, a
textile factory and a meat packing facility diminished their
The rail road bridge over the Isthmus of Corinth.
Corinth is a major road hub. The A7 toll motorway for
Sparta via A71 toll), branches off the A8/European
route E94 toll motorway from
Athens at Corinth.
Corinth is the main
entry point to the Peloponnesian peninsula, the southernmost area of
KTEL Korinthias provides intercity bus service in the peninsula and to
Athens via the Isthmos station southeast of the city center. Local
bus service is also available.
The city has been connected to the Proastiakos, the
rail network, since 2005, when the new
Corinth railway station
Corinth railway station was
The port of Corinth, located north of the city centre and close to the
northwest entrance of the
Corinth Canal, at 37 56.0’ N / 22 56.0’
E, serves the local needs of industry and agriculture. It is mainly a
cargo exporting facility.
It is an artificial harbour (depth approximately 9 metres
(30 ft), protected by a concrete mole (length approximately 930
metres, width 100 metres, mole surface 93,000 m2). A new pier finished
in the late 1980s doubled the capacity of the port. The reinforced
mole protects anchored vessels from strong northern winds.
Within the port operates a customs office facility and a Hellenic
Coast Guard post. Sea traffic is limited to trade in the export of
local produce, mainly citrus fruits, grapes, marble, aggregates and
some domestic imports. The port operates as a contingency facility for
general cargo ships, bulk carriers and ROROs, in case of strikes at
There was formerly a ferry link to Catania,
Genoa in Italy.
Panorama view of the port.
View of the
Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the western
Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, is about 4 kilometres
(2.5 mi) east of the city, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth
that connects the Peloponnesian peninsula to the Greek mainland, thus
effectively making the former an island. The builders dug the canal
through the Isthmus at sea level; no locks are employed. It is 6.4
kilometres (4.0 mi) in length and only 21.3 metres (70 ft)
wide at its base, making it impassable for most modern ships. It now
has little economic importance.
The canal was mooted in classical times and an abortive effort was
made to build it in the 1st century AD. Construction started in 1881
but was hampered by geological and financial problems that bankrupted
the original builders. It was completed in 1893, but due to the
canal's narrowness, navigational problems and periodic closures to
repair landslips from its steep walls, it failed to attract the level
of traffic anticipated by its operators. It is now used mainly for
The city's association football team is
Korinthos F.C. (Π.Α.E.
Κόρινθος), established in 1999 after the merger of
Pankorinthian Football Club (Παγκορινθιακός) and Corinth
Football Club (Κόρινθος). During the 2006–2007 season, the
team played in the Greek Fourth Division's Regional Group 7. The team
went undefeated that season and it earned the top spot. This
granted the team a promotion to the Gamma Ethnikí (Third Division)
for the 2007–2008 season. For the 2008–2009 season, Korinthos F.C.
competed in the
Gamma Ethniki (Third Division) southern grouping.
Twin towns/sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece
Corinth is twinned with:
Abilene, Texas, United States
Costas Soukoulis (1951–), Professor of Physics at Iowa State
Demetrius the Cynic (1st century AD), philosopher
George Kollias (1977–), drummer for US technical death metal band
Ioannis Papadiamantopoulos (1766–1826), revolutionary leader during
the Greek War of Independence.
Irene Papas, Greek actress
Paul the Apostle, Saul of Tarsus, Jewish missionary, lived and worked
here for several years around 45 AD
Macarius (1731–1805), Metropolitan bishop of Corinth
Anastasios Bakasetas (1993–), Greek footballer
Evangelos Ikonomou (1987–), Greek footballer
Panagiotis Tzanavaras (1964–), Greek footballer and football manager
Nikolaos Zafeiriou (1871–1947), Greek artillery officer
Konstantinos Triantafyllopoulos (1993–) Greek footballer
Panagis Tsaldaris (1868–1936), Greek politician and prime minister
Other locations named after Corinth
Further information: List of locations named after Corinth, Greece
Due to its ancient history and the presence of St.
Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle in
Corinth some locations all over the world have been named Corinth.
A street in Corinth
Pegasus Square in New Corinth
Statue of Pegasus, emblem of the city
Aerial photograph of the Isthmus of Corinth
List of traditional Greek place names
^ a b c d e "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών
2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic
^ Kallikratis law
Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
^ Tsapanos, Theodoros M.; et al. (March 2011). "Deterministic seismic
hazard analysis for the city of Corinth, central Greece" (PDF).
Journal of the Balkan Geophysical Society. 14 (1): 1–14. Retrieved
21 July 2015.
^ EL STAT
^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average
elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2015.
Corinth – Map and travel Information". Retrieved 26 April
^  Archived 23 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Gemellaggio tra Siracusa e Corinto". Liberta Sicilia. 8 January
^ "Sister cities of
Abilene, Texas — sistercity.info".
en.sistercity.info. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Corinth.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Corinth.
Corinth official website (in Greek)
Kórinthos FC official website (in Greek)
Places adjacent to Corinth
Gulf of Corinth
Corinth (municipal unit)
Prefectural capitals of Greece
Subdivisions of the municipality of Corinth
Municipal unit of Assos-Lechaio
Municipal unit of Corinth
Municipal unit of Saronikos
Municipal unit of Solygeia
Municipal unit of Tenea