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(i)

The contiguous United States
United States
consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(federal district), on the continent of North America.[1] The term excludes the non-contiguous states of Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii, and all off-shore insular areas.[2][3] The greatest distance (on a great circle route) entirely within the 48 contiguous states is 2,802 miles (4,509 km, between Florida
Florida
and the State of Washington);[4] the greatest north-south line is 1,650 miles (2,660 km).[5] Together, the 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
occupy a combined area of 3,119,884.69 square miles (8,080,464.3 km2), which is 1.58% of the total surface area of Earth. Of this area, 2,959,064.44 square miles (7,663,941.7 km2) is contiguous land, composing 83.65% of total U.S. land area, similar to the area of Australia.[6] Officially, 160,820.25 square miles (416,522.5 km2) of the contiguous United States
United States
is water area, composing 62.66% of the nation's total water area. The contiguous United States
United States
would be placed 5th in the list of sovereign states and dependencies by area; the total area of the country, including Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii, ranks fourth. Brazil
Brazil
is the only country that is larger in total area than the contiguous United States, but smaller than the entire United States, while Russia, Canada
Canada
and China
China
are the only three countries larger than both. The 2010 census population of this area was 306,675,006, comprising 99.33% of the nation's population, and a density of 103.639 inhabitants/sq mi (40.015/km2), compared to 87.264/sq mi (33.692/km2) for the nation as a whole.[7]

Contents

1 Other terms

1.1 Continental United States 1.2 CONUS and OCONUS 1.3 The lower 48 1.4 Zone of the Interior

2 Terms used in the non-contiguous states

2.1 Alaska 2.2 Hawaii

3 Non-contiguous areas within the contiguous United States 4 List of contiguous U.S. states 5 See also 6 Notes 7 External links

Other terms[edit] While conterminous U.S. has the precise meaning of contiguous U.S. (both adjectives meaning "sharing a common boundary"), other terms commonly used to describe the 48 contiguous states have a greater degree of ambiguity. Continental United States[edit] Because Alaska
Alaska
is also on the North American continent, the term continental United States
United States
would also include that state, so the term is sometimes qualified with the explicit inclusion or exclusion of Alaska
Alaska
to resolve any ambiguity.[2][8][9][10] The term was in use prior to the admission of Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii
Hawaii
as states of the United States and at that time usually excluded outlying territories of the United States.[11][12] However, even before Alaska
Alaska
became a state, it was sometimes included within the "Continental U.S."[13] CONUS and OCONUS[edit] CONUS, a technical term used by the U.S. Department of Defense, General Services Administration, NOAA/National Weather Service, and others, has been defined both as the continental United States, and as the 48 contiguous states.[14][15] The District of Columbia is not always specifically mentioned as being part of CONUS.[15] OCONUS is derived from CONUS with O for outside added, thus referring to Outside of Continental United States
United States
(OCONUS).[14][16] The lower 48[edit] The term lower 48 is also used to refer to the conterminous United States. The National Geographic style guide recommends the use of contiguous or conterminous United States
United States
instead of lower 48 when the 48 states are meant, unless used in the context of Alaska.[17][18] Zone of the Interior[edit] During World War II, the first four numbered Air Forces of the USAAF were said to be assigned to the Zone of the Interior by the American military organizations of the timeā€”the future states of Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii, then each only territories of the Union, were respectively covered by the Eleventh Air Force and Seventh Air Force during WW II.[citation needed] Terms used in the non-contiguous states[edit] Both Alaskans and Hawaiians have unique labels for the contiguous United States
United States
because of their own locations relative to them. Alaska[edit] Main article: Outside (Alaska) Alaska
Alaska
became the 49th state of the United States
United States
on January 3, 1959. Alaska
Alaska
is on the northwest end of the North American continent, but separated from the rest of the United States
United States
Pacific coast by the Canadian province of British Columbia. In Alaska, given the ambiguity surrounding the usage of continental, the term "continental United States" is almost unheard of when referring to the contiguous 48 states.[citation needed] Several other terms have been used over the years. The term Lower 48 has, for many years, been a common Alaskan equivalent for "contiguous United States";[19][20] today, more Alaskans use the term "Outside",[21][22] though a few persons may use "Outside" to refer to any location not within Alaska. Hawaii[edit] Hawaii
Hawaii
became the 50th state of the United States
United States
on August 21, 1959. It is the southernmost and so far, the latest state to join the Union. Not part of any continent, Hawaii
Hawaii
is located in the Pacific Ocean, about 2,200 miles (3,500 km) from North America
North America
and almost halfway to Asia. In Hawaii
Hawaii
and overseas American territories, for instance, the terms the Mainland or U.S. Mainland are often used to refer to the contiguous United States.[23] Non-contiguous areas within the contiguous United States[edit] Apart from off-shore US islands, a few continental portions of the contiguous US are accessible by road only by traveling through Canada. Point Roberts, Washington; Elm Point, Minnesota; and the Northwest Angle in Minnesota
Minnesota
are three such places. Alburgh, Vermont, is not directly connected by land, but is accessible by road via bridges from within Vermont
Vermont
and from New York.[24] List of contiguous U.S. states[edit] The 48 contiguous United States
United States
are:

Alabama Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(the U.S. capital, also referred to as the District of Columbia) is distinct from the state of Washington. See also[edit]

Extreme points of the United States Mainland

Notes[edit]

^ "United Airlines website". Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012. Contiguous United States: The 48 adjoining states and the District of Columbia.  ^ a b Random House (1991). Random House Webster's College Dictionary. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-40110-5.  ^ These maps show the contiguous 48 states and D.C., but not Alaska and Hawaii.

"Military Bases in the Contiguous United States". National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  "Soil Moisture Regimes of the Contiguous United States". U.S. Department of Agriculture. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 

^ "The Longest Line in America!". Retrieved October 15, 2013.  ^ "HowStuffWorks "Geography of the United States
United States
- Geography"". Geography.howstuffworks.com. March 30, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2013.  ^ "The World Factbook". cia.gov.  ^ "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". United States
United States
Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 28, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2011.  ^ *"National Geographic Style Manual". Retrieved April 4, 2012. The continental United States
United States
comprises the 48 contiguous, or coterminous, states plus Alaska. 

"United Cargo website". Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012. Continental United States: The 48 adjoining states, Alaska
Alaska
and District of Columbia.  " Alaska
Alaska
Airlines website". Retrieved April 4, 2012. The Continental U.S. includes the lower 48 states as well as the State of Alaska, unless otherwise specified.  Inland Marine and Transportation Insurance. 1949. Retrieved April 4, 2012. In the absence of any such statement, Alaska
Alaska
probably would be regarded as a part of the continental United States.  (before statehood)

^ "U.S. Navy Style Guide". Retrieved April 4, 2012. CONUS - "Continental United States" CONUS refers to the 48 contiguous states.  ^ Internal Revenue Code. 2007. Archived from the original on October 16, 2015. the term " United States
United States
mainland" means the continental United States
United States
(not including Alaska). 

"... outside the continental United States
United States
(includes Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii, as well as Canada
Canada
and all foreign countries)... "Equimax candidate listing". Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2012. 

^ "Abstract of the 1900 Census (1904), p.xiii" (PDF). The area ... is continental United States, by which is meant that part of the United States lying on the continent of North America
North America
south of the Canadian boundary. It thus excludes Alaska
Alaska
and the recent insular accessions of Hawaii, Porto Rico (sic), the Philippine Islands, Guam, Samoa...  ^ "... merchandise to foreign countries from continental United states, Puerto Rico, and the territories of Alaska
Alaska
and Hawaii." United States Foreign Trade (1950-1953) ^ "In the absence of any such statement, Alaska
Alaska
probably would be regarded as a part of the continental United States." Inland Marine and Transportation Insurance (1949) ^ a b "Per Diem Rates (CONUS and OCONUS)". United States
United States
General Services Administration.  ^ a b "U.S. Navy Style Guide". CONUS - "Continental United States." CONUS refers to the 48 contiguous states. It is not synonymous with United States. CONUS is acceptable on first reference.  "CONUS" seems to be used primarily by the American military and the Federal government and those doing business with them. ^ "Glossary of Army Terms". Retrieved April 4, 2012. "OCONUS: Outside Continental United States  ^ "National Geographic Style Manual: conterminous, or contiguous, continental, continental United States". Retrieved April 4, 2012. Use contiguous, or conterminous, for the 48 states. The continental United States comprises the 48 contiguous, or conterminous, states plus Alaska.  ^ "National Geographic Style Manual: Alaska". Retrieved December 6, 2013. The continental United States
United States
includes Alaska.[] In Alaska context, lower forty-eight or lower 48 may be used. Do not hyphenate lower 48 as an adjective. The term outside may be put in quotes on first reference if ambiguous. To distinguish the 48 states from the 49 or 50, use contiguous or conterminous.  ^ "Learn to Speak Alaskan - Alaskan Language Tips - Princess Lodges". princesslodges.com.  ^ "ALASKA: State Profile". Archived from the original on January 26, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2013.  ^ "Ski". google.com.  ^ "What are some things Alaska
Alaska
does differently from the contiguous states? - Quora". quora.com.  ^ Edles, Laura Desfor (2003). "'Race,' 'Ethnicity,' and 'Culture' in Hawai'i: The Myth of the 'Model Minority' State". In Loretta I. Winters and Herman L. DeBose (ed.) New Faces in a Changing America: Multiracial Identity in the 21st Century. SAGE Publications. p. 241. ISBN 9780761923008. ^ Ross, Oakland (June 3, 2011). "Orphans of the atlas". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 5, 2011. 

External links[edit]

United States
United States
portal

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Contiguous United States.

Definition of continental Definition of contiguous Definition of coterminou

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