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Common Turkic or Shaz Turkic is a taxon in some of the classifications of the Turkic languages
Turkic languages
which includes all languages except the Khalaj and Oghur languages. Lars Johanson's proposal contains the following subgroups:[1]

Southwestern Common Turkic (Oghuz) Northwestern Common Turkic (Kipchak) Southeastern Common Turkic (Karluk) Northeastern Common Turkic (Siberian)

In that classification scheme, Common Turkic is opposed to Oghur Turkic (Lir-Turkic). The Common Turkic languages
Turkic languages
are characterized by sound correspondences such as Common Turkic š versus Oghuric l and Common Turkic z versus Oghuric r. In other classification schemes (such as Alexander Samoylovich and Nikolay Baskakov), the breakdown is different. References[edit]

^ Lars Johanson (1998) The History of Turkic. In Lars Johanson & Éva Ágnes Csató (eds) The Turkic Languages. London, New York: Routledge, 81–125. [1]

v t e

Turkic languages

Italics indicate extinct languages

Proto-language

Proto-Altaic Proto-Turkic

Common Turkic

Arghu

Khalaj

Karluk

Äynu1 Khorezmian Turki1 Chagatai Ili Turki Lop Uyghur Uzbek

Kipchak

Ponto-Caspian

Cuman Crimean Tatar Karachay-Balkar Karaim Kipchak Krymchak Kumyk Urum2

Aralo-Caspian

Siberian Tatar Fergana Kipchak Karakalpak Kazakh Kyrgyz Nogai

Uralo-Caspian

Bashkir Old Tatar Tatar

Oghuz

Afshar Azerbaijani

Salchuq

Crimean Turkish Gagauz Balkan Gagauz Turkish Khorasani Turkic Old Anatolian Turkish Ottoman Turkish Pecheneg2 Qashqai Salar (Anatolian) Turkish Turkmen Urum2

Siberian

Altai Chulym Dolgan Fuyu Kyrgyz Khakas Old Turkic Old Uyghur Shor Tofa Tuvan

Dukhan

Yakut (Sakha) Western Yugur2

Oghur

Bulgar Chuvash Khazar

1 Mixed language. 2 Classi

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