ListMoto - Common Language Runtime

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The COMMON LANGUAGE RUNTIME (CLR), the virtual machine component of Microsoft\'s .NET framework
.NET framework
, manages the execution of .NET programs. A process known as just-in-time compilation converts compiled code into machine instructions which the computer's CPU
then executes. The CLR provides additional services including memory management , type safety , exception handling , garbage collection , security and thread management . All programs written for the .NET framework, regardless of programming language , are executed by the CLR. All versions of the .NET framework
.NET framework
include CLR.

CLR implements the Virtual Execution System (VES) as defined in the Common Language Infrastructure
Common Language Infrastructure
(CLI) standard, initially developed by Microsoft
itself. A public standard defines the Common Language Infrastructure specification. The CLR converts CIL (Common Intermediate Language ) to native code.

Overview of the Common Language Runtime
Common Language Runtime
release history CLR VERSION .NET VERSION

1.0 1.0

1.1 1.1

2.0 2.0 , 3.0 , 3.5

4 4 , 4.5 , 4.6 , 4.7


* 1 Benefits * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links


The runtime provides the following features:

* The ability to easily use components developed in other languages. * Extensible types provided by a class library. * Language features such as inheritance, interfaces, and overloading for object-oriented programming. * Support for threads that allows creation of multithreaded, scalable applications. * Support for structured exception handling. * Support for custom attributes. * Garbage collection. * Use of delegates instead of function pointers for increased type safety and security. For more information about delegates, see Common Type System .


* Common Intermediate Language * List of CLI languages * Java virtual machine


* ^ A B " Common Language Runtime
Common Language Runtime
(CLR)". MSDN Library . Retrieved 14 November 2013. * ^ "ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure
Common Language Infrastructure
Standards". Visual Studio Developer Center. Retrieved 14 November 2013.