HOME
ListMoto - Comédie Française


--- Advertisement ---



The Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
(French pronunciation: ​[kɔmedi fʁɑ̃sɛz]) or Théâtre-Français (IPA: [teatʁə fʁɑ̃sɛ]) is one of the few state theatres in France
France
and is considered the oldest still-active theatre in the world. It is the only state theatre to have its own troupe of actors. The company's primary venue is the Salle Richelieu. The theatre is part of the Palais-Royal
Palais-Royal
complex and located at 2 rue de Richelieu on the Place André-Malraux in the 1st arrondissement of Paris. The theatre has also been known as the Théâtre de la République and La maison de Molière
Molière
(English: House of Molière). It inherited the latter name from the troupe of the best-known playwright associated with the Comédie-Française, Molière. He was considered the patron of French actors. He died seven years before “La maison de Molière” was rechristened the “Comédie-Française,” and the company continued to be known popularly by the former name even after the official change of name.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Theatre
Theatre
buildings 3 Theatrical troupe 4 Administrators of the Comédie-Française 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Iconic corner, entry to the Salle Richelieu, 2009.

The Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
was founded by a decree of Louis XIV on August 8, 1680 to merge the only two Parisian acting troupes of the time, the troupe of the Guénégaud Theatre
Theatre
and that of the Hôtel de Bourgogne. On the death of Molière
Molière
in 1673, the troupe at the Guénégaud had been formed by a merger of the Théâtre du Marais
Théâtre du Marais
and the Troupe de Molière.[2] Thus the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
may be said to have an unbroken tradition reaching back to the days of Molière, and to have had theatre connections for more than a century previous to the death of the great dramatist in 1673.[1] In 1680, the repertoire consisted of the collection of theatrical works by Molière
Molière
and Jean Racine, along with a few works by Pierre Corneille, Paul Scarron
Paul Scarron
and Jean Rotrou. Two years after the amalgamation of the dramatic companies, they received a royal grant of £12,000 per year; and seven years later they took as their name their present designation of “players of the Comédie Française.”[1] In the 18th century, the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
was often enjoyed by the French nobility, since the price to watch at the theater was expensive. On the performance of Joseph Chénier's anti-monarchical play Charles IX in 1789, violent political discussions arose among the performers, and ultimately they split into two sections: the Republican party, under the young tragedian Talma, establishing a new theatre under the name “Théâtre de la République,” on the site of the present building in the Rue de Richelieu; while the Royalist section took the title “Théâtre de la Nation.”[2] On 3 September 1793, during the French Revolution, the Théâtre de la Nation was closed by order of the Committee of Public Safety
Committee of Public Safety
for putting on the allegedly seditious play Pamela, and the actors were imprisoned though gradually released later. On 31 May 1799, the new government made the salle Richelieu available and allowed the actors to reconstitute the troupe. The Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
today has a repertoire of 3,000 works and three theatres in Paris
Paris
(salle Richelieu, next to the Palais Royal; théâtre du Vieux-Colombier; Studio-Théâtre). Theatre
Theatre
buildings[edit] The Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
has had several homes since its inception. In 1689, it was established across from the café Procope. The Odéon
Odéon
was designed by architects Marie-Joseph Peyre (1730–1785) and Charles De Wailly (1730–1798). From 1770 to 1782, the Comédie performed in the theatre in the royal palace of the Tuileries.[1] Since 1799, the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
has been housed in the salle Richelieu (architect Victor Louis) at 2, rue de Richelieu. This theatre was enlarged and modified in the 1800s, then rebuilt in 1900 after a severe fire. Theatrical troupe[edit] Main article: Sociétaires of the Comédie-Française The membership of the theatrical troupe is divided into “sociétaires” and “pensionnaires.” The former are regular members of the organisation and as such receive a pension after 20 years of service, while the latter are paid actors who may, after a certain length of service, become “sociétaires.” The names of nearly all the great actors and dramatists of France
France
have, at some time in their career, been associated with that of the Comédie-Française.[1] Administrators of the Comédie-Française[edit] Main article: Administrators of the Comédie-Française The chief administrator of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
has been given the title administrateur général since Simonis' term of 1850. Before that, a variety of titles were given. See also[edit]

Troupe of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
in 1680 Troupe of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
in 1752 Troupe of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
in 1754 Troupe of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
in 1755 Troupe of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
in 1790 List of works by Henri Chapu. Bust of Alexandre Dumas Pere

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Comédie Française". Encyclopedia Americana.  ^ a b  Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Comédie Française". New International Encyclopedia
New International Encyclopedia
(1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 

References[edit]

Other sources

Laugier, Eugène (1853). Documents historiques sur la Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
pendant le règne de S. M. l'Empereur Napoléon Ier. Paris: Firmin-Didot. Copies 1, 2, and 3 at Internet Archive. Maurice, Charles (1860). Le Théâtre-Français, monuments et dépendances, second edition, revised and enlarged. Paris: Garnier. Copies 1 and 2 at Internet Archive.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Comédie-Française.

Comédie-Française's website The Comédie Française Registers Project includes performances from 1680 to 1791.

v t e

Tourism in Paris

Landmarks

Arc de Triomphe Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel Arènes de Lutèce Bourse Catacombs Conciergerie Eiffel Tower Flame of Liberty Grand Palais
Grand Palais
and Petit Palais Institut de France Jeanne d'Arc Les Invalides Louvre
Louvre
Pyramid Luxor Obelisk Odéon Opéra Bastille Opéra Garnier Panthéon Philharmonie de Paris Porte Saint-Denis Porte Saint-Martin Sorbonne Tour Montparnasse

Museums

Bibliothèque nationale Carnavalet Centre Pompidou/Beaubourg Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie Jeu de Paume Louis Vuitton Foundation Musée des Arts Décoratifs Musée des Arts et Métiers Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris Musée Cognacq-Jay Musée Grévin Musée Guimet Maison de Victor Hugo Musée Jacquemart-André Musée du Louvre Musée Marmottan Monet Musée de Montmartre Musée National d'Art Moderne Musée national Eugène Delacroix Musée national Gustave Moreau Musée national des Monuments Français Muséum national d'histoire naturelle Musée national du Moyen Âge Musée de l'Orangerie Musée d'Orsay Musée Pasteur Musée Picasso Musée du quai Branly Musée Rodin Palais de la Légion d'Honneur

Musée de la Légion d'honneur

Musée de la Vie Romantique

Religious buildings

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral American Cathedral American Church Chapelle expiatoire Grand Mosque Grand Synagogue La Madeleine Notre-Dame de Paris Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-Nouvelle Notre-Dame-de-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Victoires Sacré-Cœur Saint Ambroise Saint-Augustin Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Eustache Saint-François-Xavier Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais Saint-Jacques Tower Saint-Jean-de-Montmartre Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Saint-Pierre de Montmartre Saint-Roch Saint-Sulpice Saint-Vincent-de-Paul Sainte-Chapelle Sainte-Clotilde Sainte-Trinité Temple du Marais Val-de-Grâce

Hôtels particuliers and palaces

Élysée Palace Hôtel de Beauvais Hôtel de Charost Hôtel de Crillon Hôtel d'Estrées Hôtel de la Païva Hôtel de Pontalba Hôtel de Sens Hôtel de Soubise Hôtel de Sully Hôtel de Ville Hôtel Lambert Hôtel Matignon Luxembourg Palace
Luxembourg Palace
(Petit Luxembourg) Palais Bourbon Palais de Justice Palais-Royal

Areas, bridges, streets and squares

Avenue Foch Avenue George V Champ de Mars Champs-Élysées Covered passages

Galerie Véro-Dodat Choiseul Panoramas Galerie Vivienne Havre Jouffroy Brady

Latin Quarter Le Marais Montmartre Montparnasse Place Dauphine Place de la Bastille Place de la Concorde Place de la Nation Place de la République Place Denfert-Rochereau Place des États-Unis Place des Pyramides Place des Victoires Place des Vosges Place du Carrousel Place du Châtelet Place du Tertre Place Saint-Michel Place Vendôme Pont Alexandre III Pont d'Iéna Pont de Bir-Hakeim Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Rive Gauche Rue de Rivoli Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré Saint-Germain-des-Prés Trocadéro

Parks and gardens

Bois de Boulogne Bois de Vincennes Jardin d'Acclimatation Jardin du Luxembourg Parc des Buttes Chaumont Parc Montsouris Tuileries Garden

Cemeteries

Montmartre
Montmartre
Cemetery Montparnasse
Montparnasse
Cemetery Passy Cemetery Père Lachaise Cemetery Picpus Cemetery

Région parisienne

Chantilly La Défense

Grande Arche

Disneyland Paris Écouen Fontainebleau France
France
Miniature Malmaison Musée de l’air et de l’espace Musée Fragonard d'Alfort Parc Astérix Provins Rambouillet La Roche-Guyon Basilica of St Denis Saint-Germain-en-Laye Sceaux Stade de France U Arena Vaux-le-Vicomte Palace and Gardens of Versailles Vincennes

Events and traditions

Bastille Day military parade Fête de la Musique Nuit Blanche Paris
Paris
Air Show Paris-Plages Republican Guard

Other

Le Bateau-Lavoir La Ruche Café des 2 Moulins Café Procope Les Deux Magots Maxim's Moulin de la Galette Moulin Rouge

Related

Paris
Paris
Musées Axe historique

Paris
Paris
Métro Bateaux Mouches

v t e

1st arrondissement of Paris

Primary and secondary schools

Lycée Professionnel Commercial Pierre Lescot

Landmarks

Comédie-Française Galerie Véro-Dodat Île de la Cité Les Arts Décoratifs Les Halles Louvre

More information

Place du Carrousel

Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel

Pont Neuf Pont des Arts Tuileries Garden

Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume

Paris
Paris
Métro stations

Châtelet Concorde Étienne Marcel Les Halles Louvre-Rivoli Palais Royal
Palais Royal
– Musée du Louvre Pont Neuf P

.