Coastal Andhra (Telugu: తీర ఆంధ్ర Tīra Āndhra), is a
region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. This region was part of
Madras State before 1953 and
Andhra State from 1953 to 1956. According
to the 2011 census, it has an area of 95,442 square kilometres
(36,850 sq mi) which is 57.99% of the total state area and a
population of 34,193,868 which is 69.20% of
Andhra Pradesh state
population. This area includes the coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh
Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal, from the northern
Odisha to south of the delta of the Krishna River.
Coastal Andhra has rich agricultural land, owing to the delta of the
Godavari and Krishna rivers. The prosperity of
Coastal Andhra can be
attributed to its rich agricultural land and an abundant water supply
from these two rivers. Rice grown in paddy fields is the main crop,
with pulses and coconuts also being important. The fishing industry is
also important to the region.
6 Cities and towns
7.2 Rivers, lakes and wetlands
9 Notable Personalities
10 See also
12 External links
Tirthankara Image at Rockcut Caves of Ghanikonda in
The state of Andhra emerged to a political power during the reign of
Megasthenes mentioned that Andhra was a flourishing
empire of the Satavahana's from the times before christ. Coastal
Andhra was also ruled by the famous
Chalukyas in between the period of
the 7th Century and the 10th century CE. This period was followed by
the reign of many other dynasties such as the Cholas, the Kakatiyas as
well as the Vijayanagar Empire.
Antarvedi temple on the banks of
Godavari in Andhra Pradesh.
According to 11th century inscriptions, coastal Andhra is bounded by
Mahendragiri mountains (in north-eastern border with Gajapati district
Kalahasti temple (in
Chittoor district near the border of
Srisailam temple (in
Kurnool district near the
Mahbubnagar district and Prakasham district).
The Gajapati and Ganjam districts of
Odisha were granted to the French
India Company around 1752. Later they were transferred by the
French to the British. Nellore, which extends as far as
was later received from the Nawab of Arcot, under an establishment.
Some parts of present-day
Nellore and Chitoor were in the hands of
Venkatagiri Rajas. The British made an arrangement with the Raja of
Venkatagiri in 1802 to claim power in those territories also.
The districts of Andhra (Circar) and
Rayalaseema were ceded by the
Nizams to the Britishers, which became part of Madras Presidency.
Coastal Andhra is located in the eastern region of the state of Andhra
Pradesh and comprises nine districts. It borders
Rayalaseema region of
the state and the states of Telangana, Odisha. The presence of the
Godavari River makes the area fertile for irrigation.
The coastal line of this region is the second longest in the country,
extending upto 974 km.
The area had a total population of 34,195,655 as per 2011 Census of
India. The main most spoken language is Telugu.
Kuchipudi is the classical dance form of the state, which was
originated in the
Kuchipudi village of Krishna district.
Rice is the staple food in the Kosta cuisine and is usually consumed
with a variety of curries and lentil soups or broths. Cuisine of
Coastal Andhra is influenced by sea food varieties.
Coastal Andhra contains nine districts: Srikakulam, Vizianagaram,
Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam
Chief Ministers from the region are:
Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu – 1st Chief Minister of Andhra State
Bezawada Gopala Reddy
Bezawada Gopala Reddy – 2nd Chief Minister of Andhra State
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy – 3rd Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy – 8th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
N.T.Rama Rao – 10th Chief Minister of
Andhra Pradesh (Krishna).
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao – 11th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy – 12th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
K.Rosaiah – 15th Chief Minister of
Andhra Pradesh (Guntur).
Cities and towns
Vishakhapatnam, Srikakulam, Vijayawada, Guntur, Rajahmundry, Kakinada,
Eluru, Nellore, Vizianagaram, Ongole. Other major towns in the region
are Machilipatnam, Gudivada, Tenali, Narasapuram, Gudur, Kavali,
Tadepalligudem, Bhimavaram, Amalapuram, Narasaraopet, Chilakaluripet,
Palasa and Chirala.
Buddhist Monastery Remnants at Ramatheertham
Coastal Andhra is one of the major
Buddhist hubs in
India after the
Gangetic plains in Bihar,
Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. Many remnants
from large monasteries to small stupas are found in this region from
Srikakulam district in the North to
Nellore district in the South. The
Buddhist Remnant sites in this region are as Amaravati,
Salihundam, Ramatheertham, Thotlakonda, Bavikonda, Bojjannakonda,
Boats at Bhimili (Bheemunipatnam) beach in
Rivers, lakes and wetlands
Andhra Pradesh contains 259 coastal wetlands, covering an area of
18,552 km2, out of which 88 are manmade.
Lakes Kolleru and Pulicat are the two major lakes in Coastal Andhra.
Kolleru, a natural sweet-water lake, is situated in the West Godavari
district and serves as a natural flood-balancing reservoir for the two
rivers. The lake is also an important habitat for up to 50,000
resident and migratory birds. The lake was declared a wildlife
sanctuary in November 1999 under India's Wildlife Protection Act, and
designated a wetland of international importance in November 2002
under the international Ramsar Convention. Pulicat is the largest salt
water lake in the country, located in
Nellore and spreads between
Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. This is one of the famous attractions
in south India. In this region, the river Akhanda
Godavari splits into
several distributary branches, including the Gouthami, Vasishta,
Vainatheya, and Vruddha Gouthami, before emptying into the Bay of
Guntur Expressway section of NH-16
Kakinada Town Jn. Railway Station main entrance
Vijayawada Airport Terminal
Aerial view of Vizag Sea Port
Mypadu beach near Nellore
East Coast Railway
East Coast Railway (ECoR) serves Srikakulam, Vizianagaram
District, and part of
Visakhapatnam district, including Visakhapatnam
Vijayawada is the one of the busiest railway junctions in India,
serving many express trains.
Buses and trains originate from stations in this region, including
Kakinada Town railway station,
Narsapuram, Machilipatnam, Vijayawada, Guntur,
station, and Repalle.
The airports in this region are
Visakhapatnam Airport, an
international airport; and
Vijayawada Airport and
both domestic airports.
Visakhapatnam Port and
Kakinada Port are the major ports in Coastal
Andhra. The state of
Andhra Pradesh is the second-busiest maritime
state (after Gujarat) in terms of cargo handled. Visakhapatnam
Port is the one of the busiest cargo-handling ports in the
Krishnapatnam Port at
Gangavaram Port are major private
ports, and there are minor ports at
Machilipatnam Port and Nizampatnam
Port in Guntur.
National Flag Design
Bala Murali Krishna
Telugu literature, arts and cinema
Nandikolla Gopala Rao
Devulapalli Venkata Krishna Sastri
Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Chowdary
S. V. Ranga Rao
Nandamuri Taraka Ramarao
Akkineni Nageswara Rao
Mahesh Babu Ghattamaneni
Goparaju Ramachandra Rao
S. S. Rajamouli
Chadalawada Krishnamurthy TTD Chairman
Andhra Pradesh Fact Sheet". mapsofindia.com.
^ Austin Cynthia Talbot Assistant Professor of History and Asian
Studies University of Texas (23 August 2001). Precolonial
Practice : Society, Region, and Identity in Medieval Andhra:
Society, Region, and Identity in Medieval Andhra. Oxford University
Press. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-0-19-803123-9.
Andhra Pradesh – end of an era". Business Standard. Hyderabad. 30
July 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
^ a b "Administrative and Geographic profile" (PDF).
msmehyd.ap.nic.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September
2016. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
^ "AP Government
Portal – Official
Andhra Pradesh State Govt.
Portala Pradesh" (PDF). www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
^ "'Art has to be nurtured to sustain'". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 April
^ "Districts of Coastal Andhra". mapsofindia. 19 April 2014.
^ B.V.S. Bhaskar (16 February 2012). "
Buddhist site found near Tuni".
The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
^ K.N. Murali Sankar (29 November 2011). "ASI gets tough with
encroachers". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
^ Wetlands of
India report, ISRO
^ P.Manoj (10 May 2013). "Dugarajapatnam in
Andhra Pradesh to have new
major port". Live Mint and The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 July
^ Rama Mohan (13 July 2014). "AP to Set up Maritime Board to Develop
Ports". ibtimes.co.in. International Business Times, India. Retrieved
26 July 2014.
Media related to
Coastal Andhra at Wikimedia Commons
State of Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati (de facto),
Hyderabad (de jure)
(population over 1 lakh)
List of cities in Andhra Pradesh
List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh
List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh
List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh
List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh
Portal: Andhra Pradesh
Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project
Sriram Sagar Project
Upper Wardha Dam
Neher water system
Devadula lift irrigation scheme
Upper Dudhana Dam
Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects
Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project
features / regions
Komaram Bheem Asifabad
Languages / people
Godavari Valley Coalfield
Wardha Valley Coalfield
Pench Kanhan Coalfield
Oil / gas fields
Ravva oil field
Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station
Koradi Thermal Power Station
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station
Wardha Warora Power Plant
Vidarbha Power Plant
Nashik Thermal Power Station
Dhariwal Power Station
Nashik Thermal Power Station
Kothagudem Thermal Power Station
Kakatiya Thermal Power Station
Parli Thermal Power Station
NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station
Ramagundam B Thermal Power Station
Tiroda Thermal Power Station
Butibori Power Project
Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru
Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park
National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering)
Godavari Arch Bridge
Godavari Valley Railways
River basin's sustainable
productivity & ecology
Algal bloom in reservoirs
High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of
Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin
Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal
fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment
Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining
Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal