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Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
(Telugu: తీర ఆంధ్ర Tīra Āndhra), is a region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. This region was part of Madras State
Madras State
before 1953 and Andhra State
Andhra State
from 1953 to 1956. According to the 2011 census, it has an area of 95,442 square kilometres (36,850 sq mi) which is 57.99% of the total state area and a population of 34,193,868 which is 69.20% of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
state population. This area includes the coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh between the Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
and the Bay of Bengal, from the northern border with Odisha
Odisha
to south of the delta of the Krishna River. Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
has rich agricultural land, owing to the delta of the Godavari
Godavari
and Krishna rivers. The prosperity of Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
can be attributed to its rich agricultural land and an abundant water supply from these two rivers. Rice grown in paddy fields is the main crop, with pulses and coconuts also being important. The fishing industry is also important to the region.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Culture

4.1 Cuisine

5 Politics 6 Cities and towns 7 Tourism

7.1 Buddhist
Buddhist
hub 7.2 Rivers, lakes and wetlands

8 Transport 9 Notable Personalities 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit]

Jain Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Image at Rockcut Caves of Ghanikonda in Ramatheertham.

The state of Andhra emerged to a political power during the reign of Maurya Dynasty. Megasthenes
Megasthenes
mentioned that Andhra was a flourishing empire of the Satavahana's from the times before christ. Coastal Andhra was also ruled by the famous Chalukyas
Chalukyas
in between the period of the 7th Century and the 10th century CE. This period was followed by the reign of many other dynasties such as the Cholas, the Kakatiyas as well as the Vijayanagar Empire.

Antarvedi
Antarvedi
temple on the banks of Godavari
Godavari
in Andhra Pradesh.

According to 11th century inscriptions, coastal Andhra is bounded by Mahendragiri mountains (in north-eastern border with Gajapati district of Orissa), Kalahasti
Kalahasti
temple (in Chittoor district
Chittoor district
near the border of Nellore
Nellore
district), Srisailam
Srisailam
temple (in Kurnool district
Kurnool district
near the border of Mahbubnagar district
Mahbubnagar district
and Prakasham district).[2] The Gajapati and Ganjam districts of Odisha
Odisha
were granted to the French East India
India
Company around 1752. Later they were transferred by the French to the British. Nellore, which extends as far as Ongole
Ongole
Taluk, was later received from the Nawab of Arcot, under an establishment. Some parts of present-day Nellore
Nellore
and Chitoor were in the hands of Venkatagiri Rajas. The British made an arrangement with the Raja of Venkatagiri in 1802 to claim power in those territories also. The districts of Andhra (Circar) and Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
were ceded by the Nizams to the Britishers, which became part of Madras Presidency.[3] Geography[edit] Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
is located in the eastern region of the state of Andhra Pradesh and comprises nine districts. It borders Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema
region of the state and the states of Telangana, Odisha. The presence of the Krishna and Godavari
Godavari
River makes the area fertile for irrigation.[4] The coastal line of this region is the second longest in the country, extending upto 974 km.[4] Demographics[edit] The area had a total population of 34,195,655 as per 2011 Census of India. The main most spoken language is Telugu.[5] Culture[edit] Kuchipudi
Kuchipudi
is the classical dance form of the state, which was originated in the Kuchipudi
Kuchipudi
village of Krishna district.[6] Cuisine[edit] Rice is the staple food in the Kosta cuisine and is usually consumed with a variety of curries and lentil soups or broths. Cuisine of Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
is influenced by sea food varieties. Politics[edit] Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
contains nine districts:[7] Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam and Nellore. Chief Ministers from the region are:

Tanguturi Prakasam
Tanguturi Prakasam
Panthulu – 1st Chief Minister of Andhra State (Prakasam). Bezawada Gopala Reddy
Bezawada Gopala Reddy
– 2nd Chief Minister of Andhra State (Nellore). Kasu Brahmananda Reddy – 3rd Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (Guntur). Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy – 8th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (Guntur). N.T.Rama Rao
N.T.Rama Rao
– 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(Krishna). Nadendla Bhaskara Rao – 11th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (Guntur). Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy – 12th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (Nellore). K.Rosaiah – 15th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(Guntur).

Cities and towns[edit]

Overview of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
city

Overview of Vijayawada
Vijayawada
city

Vishakhapatnam, Srikakulam, Vijayawada, Guntur, Rajahmundry, Kakinada, Eluru, Nellore, Vizianagaram, Ongole. Other major towns in the region are Machilipatnam, Gudivada, Tenali, Narasapuram, Gudur, Kavali, Tadepalligudem, Bhimavaram, Amalapuram, Narasaraopet, Chilakaluripet, Kandukur, Palasa and Chirala. Tourism[edit] Buddhist
Buddhist
hub[edit]

Gurubhaktulakonda Buddhist
Buddhist
Monastery Remnants at Ramatheertham

Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
is one of the major Buddhist
Buddhist
hubs in India
India
after the Gangetic plains in Bihar, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
and Uttar Pradesh. Many remnants from large monasteries to small stupas are found in this region from Srikakulam
Srikakulam
district in the North to Nellore district
Nellore district
in the South. The major Buddhist
Buddhist
Remnant sites in this region are as Amaravati, Salihundam, Ramatheertham, Thotlakonda, Bavikonda, Bojjannakonda, Kummarilova,[8] Kodavali,[9] Bhattiprolu
Bhattiprolu
etc.

Boats at Bhimili (Bheemunipatnam) beach in Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
District

Rivers, lakes and wetlands[edit] Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
contains 259 coastal wetlands, covering an area of 18,552 km2,[10] out of which 88 are manmade. Lakes Kolleru and Pulicat are the two major lakes in Coastal Andhra. Kolleru, a natural sweet-water lake, is situated in the West Godavari district and serves as a natural flood-balancing reservoir for the two rivers. The lake is also an important habitat for up to 50,000 resident and migratory birds. The lake was declared a wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 under India's Wildlife Protection Act, and designated a wetland of international importance in November 2002 under the international Ramsar Convention. Pulicat is the largest salt water lake in the country, located in Nellore
Nellore
and spreads between Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
and Tamil Nadu. This is one of the famous attractions in south India. In this region, the river Akhanda Godavari
Godavari
splits into several distributary branches, including the Gouthami, Vasishta, Vainatheya, and Vruddha Gouthami, before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. Transport[edit]

Vijayawada- Guntur
Guntur
Expressway section of NH-16

Kakinada
Kakinada
Town Jn. Railway Station main entrance

Vijayawada
Vijayawada
Airport Terminal

Aerial view of Vizag Sea Port

Mypadu beach near Nellore

The East Coast Railway
East Coast Railway
(ECoR) serves Srikakulam, Vizianagaram District, and part of Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
district, including Visakhapatnam City. Vijayawada
Vijayawada
is the one of the busiest railway junctions in India, serving many express trains. Buses and trains originate from stations in this region, including Visakhapatnam, Kakinada
Kakinada
Port, Kakinada
Kakinada
Town railway station, Narsapuram, Machilipatnam, Vijayawada, Guntur, Nellore
Nellore
railway station, and Repalle. The airports in this region are Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Airport, an international airport; and Vijayawada
Vijayawada
Airport and Rajahmundry
Rajahmundry
Airport, both domestic airports. Visakhapatnam
Visakhapatnam
Port and Kakinada
Kakinada
Port are the major ports in Coastal Andhra. The state of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
is the second-busiest maritime state (after Gujarat) in terms of cargo handled.[11] Visakhapatnam Port is the one of the busiest cargo-handling ports in the country.[12] Krishnapatnam Port
Krishnapatnam Port
at Nellore
Nellore
and Gangavaram Port
Gangavaram Port
are major private ports, and there are minor ports at Machilipatnam
Machilipatnam
Port and Nizampatnam Port in Guntur.[citation needed]

Notable Personalities[edit] National Flag Design

Pingali Venkayya

Singers

Bala Murali Krishna SP Balasubramanyam

S Janaki

Telugu literature, arts and cinema

Nannayya Tikkana Tenali
Tenali
Ramakrishna Gurajada Apparao Nandikolla Gopala Rao Kandukuri Veeresalingam Devulapalli Venkata Krishna Sastri Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Chowdary Gurram Jashuva S. V. Ranga Rao Ghantasala (singer) Pingali Venkayya Nandamuri Taraka Ramarao Akkineni Nageswara Rao Krishna Ghattamaneni Chiranjeevi Mahesh Babu Ghattamaneni Goparaju Ramachandra Rao N.V.Reddi Naidu Prabhas S. S. Rajamouli

Other

Chadalawada Krishnamurthy
Chadalawada Krishnamurthy
TTD Chairman

See also[edit]

Uttarandhra Rayalaseema Telangana

References[edit]

^ " Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Fact Sheet". mapsofindia.com.  ^ Austin Cynthia Talbot Assistant Professor of History and Asian Studies University of Texas (23 August 2001). Precolonial India
India
in Practice : Society, Region, and Identity in Medieval Andhra: Society, Region, and Identity in Medieval Andhra. Oxford University Press. pp. 36–. ISBN 978-0-19-803123-9.  ^ " Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
– end of an era". Business Standard. Hyderabad. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2016.  ^ a b "Administrative and Geographic profile" (PDF). msmehyd.ap.nic.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ "AP Government Portal – Official Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
State Govt. Portala Pradesh" (PDF). www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ "'Art has to be nurtured to sustain'". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 April 2017.  ^ "Districts of Coastal Andhra". mapsofindia. 19 April 2014.  ^ B.V.S. Bhaskar (16 February 2012). " Buddhist
Buddhist
site found near Tuni". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2013.  ^ K.N. Murali Sankar (29 November 2011). "ASI gets tough with encroachers". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2013.  ^ Wetlands of India
India
report, ISRO ^ P.Manoj (10 May 2013). "Dugarajapatnam in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
to have new major port". Live Mint and The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 July 2014.  ^ Rama Mohan (13 July 2014). "AP to Set up Maritime Board to Develop Ports". ibtimes.co.in. International Business Times, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Coastal Andhra
Coastal Andhra
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

State of Andhra Pradesh

Capital: Amaravati
Amaravati
(de facto), Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(de jure)

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Education Elections Geography Government Highest point History Language Politics Sports People Transport Tourism

Regions

Coastal Andhra Rayalaseema

Districts

Anantapur Chittoor East Godavari Guntur Kadapa Kurnool Krishna Prakasam Nellore Srikakulam Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram West Godavari

Million-plus cities

Visakhapatnam Vijayawada

Cities (population over 1 lakh)

Adoni Anantapur Bhimavaram Chilakaluripet Chittoor Dharmavaram Eluru Gudivada Guntakal Guntur Hindupur Kadapa Kakinada Kurnool Machilipatnam Madanapalle Nandyal Narasaraopet Nellore Ongole Proddatur Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tadepalligudem Tadpatri Tenali Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam Vizianagaram

Tourism

Dams Forts Lakes National Parks Hindu Temples Churches Wildlife Sanctuaries Waterfalls

Related lists

List of cities in Andhra Pradesh List of mandals in Andhra Pradesh List of urban local bodies in Andhra Pradesh List of revenue divisions in Andhra Pradesh List of urban agglomerations in Andhra Pradesh

Portal: Andhra Pradesh

v t e

Godavari
Godavari
basin

Rivers

Major tributaries

Godavari Pranhita Indravati Sabari Manjira Manair Wardha Wainganga Penganga

Minor tributaries

Pravara Kinnerasani Purna Sileru Sindphana Taliperu

Sub-tributaries

Adan Banganga Bindusara Darna Kadva Kanhan Kolar Nasardi Pench Purna Shivana

Dams, barrages

Jayakwadi Dam Majalgaon Dam Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project Sriram Sagar Project Nizam Sagar Upper Wardha Dam Singur Reservoir Neher water system Dowleswaram Barrage Balimela Reservoir Devadula lift irrigation scheme Upper Dudhana Dam Godavari
Godavari
River Basin Irrigation Projects Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project

Geographical features / regions

Marathwada Vidarbha Coastal Andhra Konaseema Deccan Plateau Western Ghats Eastern Ghats

Riparian districts

Maharashtra

Nashik Ahmednagar Aurangabad Parbhani Nanded Gadchiroli Beed Amravati Bhandara Gondia Chandrapur Wardha Nagpur Yavatmal Washim Buldhana Hingoli

Madhya Pradesh

Balaghat Seoni Betul Chhindwara

Odisha

Kalahandi Koraput Malkangiri

Chhattisgarh

Bastar Bijapur

Karnataka

Bidar

Telangana

Medak Sangareddy Siddipet Nizamabad Kamareddy Adilabad Nirmal Mancherial Komaram Bheem Asifabad Karimnagar Jagtial Peddapalli Rajanna Sircilla Warangal
Warangal
Urban Warangal
Warangal
rural Jayashankar Bhupalpally Jangaon Mahabubabad Bhadradri Kothagudem Khammam

Andhra Pradesh

West Godavari East Godavari Vishakapatnam

Cities

Nashik Nagpur Nanded Rajahmundry Warangal Koraput Bastar Bidar

Languages / people

Indo-Aryan languages Marathi Bhili Khandeshi Andh Banjari Odia Bhunjia Hindi Dravidian languages Kolami Goni Telugu Kannadiga Duruwa Multani Urdu

Coalfields

Godavari
Godavari
Valley Coalfield Wardha Valley Coalfield Kamptee Coalfield Pench Kanhan Coalfield

Oil / gas fields

Krishna Godavari
Godavari
Basin Ravva oil field

Industries

Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station Koradi Thermal Power Station Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station Wardha Warora Power Plant Lanco Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Power Plant Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Dhariwal Power Station Rattan India
India
Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Kothagudem Thermal Power Station Kakatiya Thermal Power Station Parli Thermal Power Station NTPC Ramagundam NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station Ramagundam B Thermal Power Station Tiroda Thermal Power Station Butibori Power Project Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru Waluj MIDC Shendra MIDC Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Ballarpur Industries HAL Sunabeda NALCO Damanjodi

Transport

NH 5 National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering) NH 7 Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Old Godavari
Godavari
Bridge Godavari
Godavari
Arch Bridge Hyderabad- Godavari
Godavari
Valley Railways Visakhapatnam– Vijayawada
Vijayawada
section Bilaspur– Nagpur
Nagpur
section Nagpur– Hyderabad
Hyderabad
line

Pollution concerns, River basin's sustainable productivity & ecology

Algal bloom
Algal bloom
in reservoirs High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of Pochampadu dam Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining activities

Related topics

Godavari
Godavari
Water Disputes Tribunal

Other basins

Mahanadi–Brahmani–Baitarani Damodar Kosi Narmada

.