ListMoto - Civil Services Of India

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(i) (i)


* President * Vice President * Prime Minister * Union Council of Ministers * Cabinet Secretary of India * Civil Services of India



* Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
* Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
* The Chairman * The Speaker



* Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
* Chief Justice of India
Chief Justice of India
* High Courts * District Courts


* Chief Election Commissioner

Political parties

* National parties * State parties



* National Democratic Alliance (NDA) * United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance

State Govt. and Local Govt.

* Governor * Chief Minister * Chief Secretary



* Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
* Vidhan Parishad



* Divisional Commissioner
Divisional Commissioner
* District Magistrate
District Magistrate
* Sub-Divisional Magistrate

* Rural Bodies

* Zilla panchayats * Mandal Or Taluka Panchayats * Gram Panchayats

* Urban Bodies

* Municipal Corporations * Municipal councils * Nagar Panchayats

* Other countries * Atlas

* v * t * e

The CIVIL SERVICES refer to the civil services , the permanent executive branch of the Republic of India . The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.

In the parliamentary democracy of India, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But a handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy.

The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants. The members of civil service serve at the pleasure of the President of India and Article 311 of the constitution protects them from politically motivated or vindictive action. Civil servants are employees of the Government of India
Government of India
or of the states; however, not all employees of the Government are civil servants. Civil servants in a personal capacity are paid from the Civil List . Senior civil servants may be called to account by Parliament .

As of year 2010, there were total 6.4 million government employees in India, and less than 50,000 civil servants to administer them. The civil service system in India is rank-based and does not follow the tenets of the position-based civil services.

In 2015, the Government of India
Government of India
approved the formation of Indian Skill Development Service. Further, in 2016, the Government of India approved the formation of Indian Enterprise Development Service.


* 1 History

* 1.1 Modern era

* 1.1.1 Creation of new services

* 2 Power, purpose and responsibilities

* 3 Governance

* 3.1 Head of the Civil Services

* 4 Values and codes

* 4.1 Values * 4.2 Codes

* 5 Construction

* 5.1 All India Services (Group A) * 5.2 Central Services (Group A) * 5.3 Central Services (Group B) * 5.4 State Services (Group B)

* 6 Concerns and Reforms

* 6.1 Civil Services Day

* 7 See also * 8 References

* 9 External links

* 9.1 Official * 9.2 All India Civil Services * 9.3 Central Civil Services * 9.4 Others


Main articles: Civil Service in early India , Aitchison Commission , Royal Commission on the Public Services in India , and Imperial Secretariat Service See also: Imperial Civil Service

“ If a responsible government is to be established in India, there will be a far greater need than is even dreamt of at present for persons to take part in public affairs in the legislative assemblies and elsewhere and for this reason the more Indians we can employ in the public service the better. Moreover, it would lessen the burden of Imperial responsibilities if a body of capable Indian administrators could be produced.. ”


Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as the 'Father of Civil Service in India'. He introduced Covenanted Civil Services (Higher Civil Services) and Uncovenanted Civil Services (Lower Civil Services).

The present civil services of India is mainly based on the pattern of the former Indian Civil Service of British India
British India
. The civil services were divided into two categories - covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., English personnel) occupying the higher posts in the government. The uncovenanted civil service was solely introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians at the lower rung of the administration.

With the passing of the Government of India
Government of India
Act 1919 , the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India
Secretary of State for India
, were split into two – All India Services and Central Services .

The All India and Central Services (Group A) were designated as CENTRAL SUPERIOR SERVICES as early as 1924. From 1924 to 1934, Administration in India consisted of 10 All India Services and 5 central departments, all under the control of Secretary of State for India, and 3 central departments under joint Provincial and Imperial Control.


The present modern civil service was formed after the partition of India in 1947. It was Sardar Patel
Sardar Patel
's vision that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity. The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.

By the early 21st century, Indian civil servants have been colloquially called "babus ", while Indian bureaucracy is called "babudom", as in the "rule of babus", especially in Indian media.

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions located in New Delhi is "unofficially the Ministry of Civil Services" in India. The Ministry is responsible for training, reforms and pension for the civil service system in India.

Creation Of New Services

The constitution under Article 312 provides for All India Civil Services branches to be set up by giving the power to the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India) to resolve by a two-thirds majority to establish new all-India services. The Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
and Indian Forest Service are set up under this constitutional provision.


An Indian diplomatic passport and an official passport which is generally issued to civil servants. As opposed to the deep blue passport issued to ordinary Indian citizens, the diplomatic passport is maroon coloured with the golden text 'Diplomatic Passport' printed on it, and the Hindi

The responsibility of the civil services is to run the administration of India. The country is managed through a number of Central Government agencies in accordance with the policy directions given by the ministries.

The members of the civil services represent as administrators in the central government and state government; emissaries in the foreign missions/embassies; as tax collectors and revenue commissioners; as civil service commissioned police officers; as permanent representative(s) and employees in the United Nations
United Nations
and its agencies and as Chairman, Managing Director, full-time functional Director/Member of the Board of Management of various Public Sector Undertakings/ Enterprises, Corporations, Banks and financial institutions. Civil servants are employed to various agencies of India and can also be appointed as advisors or special duty officers or private secretaries to ministers of the Union and the State Government.

All appointments in the rank of Joint Secretary to Government of India and above, other major appointments, empanelment and extension of tenure is done by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet . However, all appointments in the rank below Joint Secretary in the federal government is done by the Civil Services Board.



Main article: Cabinet Secretary of India

The highest ranking civil servant is the Cabinet Secretary. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board; the chief of the Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India. He also holds the 11th position in the Order of Precedence of India .

The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment.



A member of the civil service in discharge of his/her functions is to be guided by maintaining absolute integrity, allegiance to the constitution and the law of the nation, patriotism, national pride, devotion to duty, honesty, impartiality and transparency.


The Government of India
Government of India
promotes values and a certain standard of ethics of requiring and facilitating every civil servant:

* To discharge official duty with responsibility, honesty, accountability and without discrimination. * To ensure effective management, leadership development and personal growth. * To avoid misuse of official position or information. * To serve as instruments of good governance and foster social economic development.


The Higher Civil Services of India
Civil Services of India
can be classified into two types - the All India Services and the Central Civil Services (Group A). The recruits are university graduates (or above) selected through a rigorous system of examinations: Civil Services Examination , Engineering Services Examination , Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination, I.E.S./I.S.S. Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination , Central Armed Police Forces of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for Group A posts.


All appointments to All India Civil Services are made by the President of India
President of India

* Indian Administrative Service
Indian Administrative Service
(IAS) * Indian Forest Service
Indian Forest Service
(IFOS) * Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service


The Central Civil Services (Group A) are concerned with the administration of the Union Government . All appointments to Central Civil Services (Group A) are made by the President of India
President of India

* Border Roads Engineering Service (BRES) * Border Security Force Health Service (BSFHS) * Central Architects Service (CAS) * Central Engineering (Civil) Service (CES (CIVIL)) * Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Service (CES (E&M)) * Central Engineering Service (Roads) (CES (ROADS)) * Central Health Service (CHS) * Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) * Central Labour Service (CLS) * Central Power Engineering Service (CPES) * Central Reserve Police Health Service (CRPHS) * Central Water Engineering Service (CWES) * Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service (DAQAS) * Defence Quality Assurance Service (DQAS) * Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) * Geological Survey of India Service (GSIS) * Indian Audits and Accounts Service (IA&AS) * Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) * Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS) * Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICOAS) * Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS) * Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES) * Indian Defense Service of Engineers (IDSE) * Indian Economic Service (IES) * Indian Engineering Services (IES) * Indian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS) * Indian Foreign Service (IFS) * Indian Information Service (IIS) * Indian Inspection Service (IIS) * Indian Legal Service (ILS)

* Indian Meteorological Service (IMS) * Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) * Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS) * Indian Postal Service
Indian Postal Service
(IPOS) * Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS) * Indian Naval Armament Service (INAS) * Indian Radio Regulatory Service (IRRS) * Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS) * Indian Railway Medical Services (IRMS) * Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) * Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE) * Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE) * Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME) * Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE) * Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS) * Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS) * Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT / C -webkit-column-width: 40em; column-width: 40em;">

* Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services * Botanical Survey of India, Group 'B' * Central Electrical Engineering Service, Group 'B' * Central Engineering Service, Group 'B' * Central Excise Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Health Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Power Engineering Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Secretariat Official Language Service, Group ‘B’ * Central Secretariat Service, Group 'B' (Section and Assistant Section Grade officers only) * Central Secretariat Stenographers’ Service, (Grade I, Grade II and Selection Grade officers only) * Customs Appraisers Service, Group ‘B’- (Principal Appraisers and Head Appraisers) * Customs Preventive Service, Group ‘B’ – (Chief Inspectors) * Defence Secretariat Service * DANICS * DANIPS * Geological Survey of India, Group 'B' * Indian Foreign Service, Group ‘B’ - (General Cadre, Grade I and General Cadre, Grade II only) * Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Group ‘B’ Telecommunication Wing. * Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts & Finance Service, Postal Wing, Group ‘B’ * Income Tax Service, Group ‘B’ * Indian Salt Service, Group ‘B’ * India Meteorological Service, Group ‘B' * Survey of India, Group 'B' * Postal Superintendents’ Service, Group ‘B’ * Postmasters’ Service, Group ‘B’ * Railway Board Secretariat Service, Group ‘B’ * Telecommunication Engineering Service, Group ‘B’ * Telegraphs Traffic Service, Group ‘B * Zoological Survey of India, Group 'B'


The Provincial Civil Services (also known as State Civil Services) examinations and recruitment are conducted by the individual states of India. The state civil services deal with subjects such as land revenue, agriculture, forests, education etc. The officers are recruited by different States through the respective State Public Service Commissions, and appointed by the Governor of that state.

* Assistant Registrar Cooperative Societies * Block Development Officer * District Employment Officer * District Food and Supplies Controller/Officer * District Treasury Officer * District Welfare Officer * Excise and Taxation Officer * Provincial Civil Services, Class-II (PCS) * Provincial Police Services , Class-II (PPS) * Tehsildar/Talukadar/Assistant Collector

* Any other Class-I/Class-II service notified as per rules by the concerned State, i.e. officers, lecturers, assistants, associate professors, or principals of Government Degree Colleges, Class I


Main article: Civil service
Civil service
reform in developing countries

“ The IAS is hamstrung by political interference, outdated personnel procedures, and a mixed record on policy implementation, and it is in need of urgent reform. The Indian government should reshape recruitment and promotion processes, improve performance-based assessment of individual officers, and adopt safeguards that promote accountability while protecting bureaucrats from political meddling. ”


As of 2011, in a duration of past three years over 450 chargesheets have been filed and a total of 943 cases are at different stages of investigation by CBI against civil servants.

“ We estimate that if India were to pursue civil service reforms and reach the Asian average on government effectiveness, it could add 0.9 percentage points annually to per capita GDP... Institutional quality is a crucial driver of economic performance. ”


A study by the Hong Kong-based Political and Economic Risk Consultancy, released in 2012, ranked and rated Indian bureaucracy as the worst in Asia
with a 9.21 rating out of 10. According to the study, India's inefficient and corrupt bureaucracy was responsible for most of the complaints that business executive have about the country. A paper prepared in 2012 by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions states that corruption is prevalent at all levels in civil services and it is institutionalised.

On 28 November 2011, the Department of Personnel and Training (DOPT) of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions created a proposal to retire and remove incompetent, inefficient and unproductive All India Service officers after 15 years of service, instead of tolerating them until their retirement. Former Cabinet Secretary TSR Subramanian welcomed this move with caution, saying, "Periodical weeding out is very good. But the process to determine who needs to be prematurely retired should be fair and transparent. There is a possibility that even good officers may be targeted because of political reasons,". Former UPSC chairman PC Hota echoed his sentiments remarking that, "We need drastic remedies. The situation has become terrible. The other day an officer in Delhi was arrested for disproportionate assets of Rs.31.5 million. She is just a 2000-batch IAS officer with 11 years of service. But at the same time, the officers' service records should be analysed before a decision against him was taken". The proposal has been accepted and rule 16(3) of the All India Services (death-cum-retirement benefits) Rules of 1958 was amended on 31 January 2012.

In October 2013, the Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India
, in the case of TSR Subramanian & Ors vs Union of India clear: right; margin: 0.5em 0 0.8em 1.4em; width:20%; padding: 10px; border: 1px solid #aaa; font-size: 88%; background-color: #F9F9F9;"> "Much of the deterioration in the functioning of bureaucracy is due to political interference." Justice KS Radhakrishnan and Justice PC Ghose , Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India

In 2016, the Ministry of Finance for the first time, dismissed 72 and prematurely retired another 33 Indian Revenue Service officers for non-performance and on disciplinary grounds. In 2016, it was reported that Government of India
Government of India
has decided to empower common man to seek prosecution of corrupt IAS officers. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (DOPT) has accepted to receive requests from private persons seeking sanction for prosecution in respect of IAS officers without any proper proposal and supporting documents.


The Civil Service Day is celebrated on 21 April every year. The purpose for this day is to rededicate and recommit themselves to the cause of the people. It is observed by all Civil Services. This day gives civil servants the opportunity for introspection and thinking about future strategies to deal with the challenges being posed by the changing times.

On this occasion, all officers of Central and State Governments are honoured for excellence in public administration by the Prime Minister of India . The 'Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration' is presented in three categories. Under this scheme of awards instituted in 2006, all the officers individually or as group or as organisation are eligible.

The award includes a medal, scroll and a cash amount of ₹100,000 (US$1,600). In case of a group, the total award money is ₹500,000 (US$7,800) subject to a maximum of ₹100,000 (US$1,600) per person. For an organisation the cash amount is limited to ₹500,000 (US$7,800).


* Order of Precedence of India


* ^ Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (8 June 2011). "The civil service system". New Delhi
New Delhi
: Government of India. Retrieved 11 October 2011. * ^ A B United Nations
United Nations
Public Administration Network . "National Civil Service System in India : A Critical View" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 21 July 2014. * ^ Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions , Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (8 June 2010). "The year 2010 Civil Services Report: A Survey" (PDF). New Delhi : Government of India. Retrieved 10 February 2012. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ "Government nod to raise new Group-A civil service cadre". Retrieved 8 October 2011. * ^ "Govt approves formation of Indian Skill Development Service". Retrieved 8 October 2015. * ^ "Cabinet approves enterprise development cadre". Retrieved 8 January 2017. * ^ P. N., Chopra (2003). A Comprehensive History of India, Volume 3. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 9788120725065 . * ^ Meghna Sabharwal, Evan M. Berman "Public Administration in South Asia: India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan (Public Administration and Public Policy," (2013) * ^ "Civil Service". The British Library. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2015. * ^ Goel, S.L. Public Personnel Administration : Theory and Practice. Deep and Deep Publications, 2008. ISBN 9788176293952 . * ^ A B Maheshwari, Shriram. Problems and Issues in Administrative Federalism. Allied Publishers. ISBN 9788170233428 . * ^ "Yet to start work, Natgrid CEO highest paid babu". The Times of India. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 2014-09-17. * ^ Anand Parthasarathy (1–14 September 2001). "A barbed look at babudom: Will the typically British humour of Yes Minister work if transplanted to an Indian setting? Viewers of a Hindi
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Indian Administrative Service
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: Rediff News. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2012. * ^ "Govt of India notification for amending Rule 16(3) of the All India Service (DCRB) Rules, 1958" (PDF). Govt of India. Retrieved 26 June 2012. * ^ "WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO(s). 82 OF 2011". Retrieved 31 October 2013. * ^ "Prakash Singh Case". Retrieved 12 April 2013. * ^ "SC asks states to file affidavit on police reforms". Hindustan Times. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2012. * ^ A B "Supreme Court favours law to regulate transfer, posting of IAS officers". 31 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013. * ^ "SC to bureaucrats: Don\'t take oral instructions from netas". The Times Of India. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013. * ^ "For good governance, Finance Ministry fires 72 tax officers, retires 33 more". Business Standard . Retrieved 12 May 2016. * ^ "Government takes strict action against defaulting/non performing tax officials/officers". Press Information Bureau . Retrieved 12 May 2016. * ^ "Absent for years, government sacks 11 IRS officers". The Indian Express . Retrieved 21 December 2016. * ^ "108 IRS officers under CBI probe for alleged corruption: Government". The Economic Times . Retrieved 21 December 2016. * ^ "CBI seizes 2 crore in old currency from city residence of IRS officer". The Times of India
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* ^ The Schedule of Central Civil Services for Group 'B'. The complete list as per Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Govt. of India



* UPSC Union Public Service Commission, India * 7th Pay Commission chief