CIVIC NATIONALISM, also known as PROGRESSIVE NATIONALISM, is a kind
of nationalism and identified by political philosophers who believe in
a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with progressive
values of freedom , tolerance , equality and individual rights .
* 1 Concept
* 1.1 Contrasted with "ethnic nationalism"
* 2 History * 3 See also
* 4 References
* 4.1 Sources
Civic nationhood is a political identity built around shared citizenship in a democratic state. Thus, a "civic nation" isn't defined by its language or culture, but by its political institutions and progressive principles, which its citizens pledge to uphold. Membership in the civic nation is open to anyone who shares these values.
In theory, a civic nation or state does not aim to promote one culture over another. German philosopher Jürgen Habermas argued that immigrants to a progressive state need not assimilate into the host culture, but only need to accept the principles of the country's Constitution.
CONTRASTED WITH "ETHNIC NATIONALISM"
Civic nationalism can be contrasted with "ethnic nationalism ".
Michael Ignatieff points out the following distinctions between these two forms of nationalism.
CIVIC NATIONALISM ETHNIC NATIONALISM
Membership can be chosen by immigration Membership is inherited
Government is a Pluralist democracy Government is where the ethnic majority rules over all others
Individuals create their nation The nation creates the individual
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Civic nationalism lies within the traditions of rationalism and
progressivism , but as a form of nationalism it is contrasted with
ethnic nationalism . Membership of the civic nation is considered
voluntary, as in
The SNP and Plaid Cymru , which advocate independence of their respective nations from the United Kingdom, proclaim themselves to be civic nationalist parties, in which they advocate the independence and popular sovereignty of the people living in their nations society, not individual ethnic groups.
Outside Europe, it has also been used to describe the Civil War -era Republican Party in the United States.
Civic nationalism contrasts with more restrictive forms, such as ethnic nationalism .
The Centre Party of Norway is an example of a civic nationalist party.
* ^ Auer, Stefan (2004). Liberal
Look up WHEN IN ROME, DO AS THE ROMANS DO in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
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Tournier-Sol, Karine (2015). "Reworking the Eurosceptic and Conservative Traditions into a Populist Narrative: UKIP's Winning Formula?". Journal of Common Market Studies. 53 (1): 140–56. doi :10.11