Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee CBE CStJ (27 May 1922 – 7 June
2015) was an English character actor, singer, and author. With a
career spanning nearly 70 years, Lee was well known for portraying
villains and became best known for his role as
Count Dracula in a
sequence of Hammer Horror films. His other film roles include
Francisco Scaramanga in the
James Bond film The Man with the Golden
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy
The Hobbit film trilogy (2012–2014), and Count
Dooku in the second and third films of the
Star Wars prequel trilogy
(2002 & 2005).
Lee was knighted for services to drama and charity in 2009, received
BAFTA Fellowship in 2011, and received the BFI Fellowship in
2013. Lee considered his best performance to be that of Pakistan's
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the biopic Jinnah (1998), and his best
film to be the British cult film The Wicker Man (1973). He
frequently appeared opposite
Peter Cushing in many horror films, and
late in his career had roles in six
Tim Burton films.
Always noted as an actor for his deep, strong voice, Lee was also
known for his singing ability, recording various opera and musical
pieces between 1986 and 1998, and the symphonic metal album
Charlemagne: By the Sword and the Cross in 2010, after having worked
with several metal bands since 2005. The heavy metal follow-up
Charlemagne: The Omens of Death was released on 27 May 2013, Lee's
91st birthday. He was honoured with the "Spirit of Metal" award
at the 2010
Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards ceremony. Lee died from
complications of respiratory problems and heart failure on the morning
of 7 June 2015, at the age of 93.
1 Early life
2 Military service during the Second World War
3.1 1947–1957: Career beginnings
3.2 1957–1976: Work with Hammer
3.3 Various roles: The Wicker Man and James Bond
3.4 1977: Move to Hollywood
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings and Star Wars
3.6 2010s: Later roles
3.7 Voice work
3.8 Music career
4 Personal life
6 Honours and legacy
10.4 Guest appearances
13 External links
Lee was born in Belgravia, London, the son of Lieutenant Colonel
Geoffrey Trollope Lee (1879–1941) of the 60th King's Royal Rifle
Corps, and his wife, Countess Estelle Marie (née Carandini di
Sarzano; 1889–1981). Lee's father fought in the
Boer War and
First World War, and his mother was an Edwardian beauty who was
Sir John Lavery, Oswald Birley, and Olive Snell, and
sculpted by Clare Sheridan; her lineage can be traced to
Charlemagne. Lee's maternal great-grandfather was an Italian
political refugee, whose wife, Lee's great-grandmother, was
English-born opera singer
Marie Carandini (née Burgess). He had one
sister, Xandra Carandini Lee (1917–2002).
Lee's parents separated when he was four and divorced two years
later. During this time, his mother took him and his sister to
Wengen in Switzerland. After enrolling in Miss Fisher's Academy in
Territet, he played his first role, as Rumpelstiltskin. They then
returned to London, where Lee attended Wagner's private school in
Queen's Gate, and his mother married Harcourt George St-Croix Rose, a
banker and uncle of Ian Fleming. Fleming, author of the James Bond
novels, thus became Lee's step-cousin. The family moved to Fulham,
living next door to the actor Eric Maturin. One night, he was
introduced to Prince Yusupov and Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich, the
assassins of Grigori Rasputin, whom Lee was to play many years
When Lee was nine, he was sent to Summer Fields School, a preparatory
school in Oxford whose pupils often later attended Eton. He
continued acting in school plays, though "the laurels deservedly went
to Patrick Macnee". Lee applied for a scholarship to Eton, where
his interview was in the presence of the ghost story author M. R.
James. Sixty years later, Lee played the part of James for the
BBC. His poor maths skills meant that he placed eleventh, and thus
missed out on being a
King's Scholar by one place. His step-father was
not prepared to pay the higher fees that being an Oppidan Scholar
meant, and so he did not attend. Instead, Lee attended Wellington
College, where he won scholarships in the classics, studying Ancient
Greek and Latin. Aside from a "tiny part" in a school play, he
didn't act while at Wellington. He was a "passable" racquets
player and fencer and a competent cricketer but did not do well at the
other sports played: hockey, football, rugby and boxing. He
disliked the parades and weapons training and would always "play dead"
as soon as possible during mock battles. Lee was frequently beaten
at school, including once at Wellington for "being beaten too often",
though he accepted them as "logical and therefore acceptable"
punishments for knowingly breaking the rules. At age 17, and with
one year left at Wellington, the summer term of 1939 was his last. His
step-father had gone bankrupt, owing £25,000.
His mother separated from Rose, and Lee had to get a job, his sister
already working as a secretary for the Church of England Pensions
Board. With most employers on or preparing to go on summer
holidays, there were no immediate opportunities for Lee, and so he was
sent to the French Riviera, where his sister was on holiday with
friends. On his way there he stopped briefly in Paris, where he
stayed with the journalist Webb Miller, a friend of Rose, and
witnessedEugen Weidmann’s, beheading by the guillotine the last
person to be executed in public in France. Arriving in Menton, he
stayed with the Russian Mazirov family, living among exiled princely
families. It was arranged that he should stay on in
his sister had returned home, but with Europe on the brink of war, he
London instead. He worked as an office clerk for
United States Lines, taking care of the mail and running
Military service during the Second World War
When the Second World War broke out, Lee volunteered to fight for the
Finnish forces during the
Winter War in 1939. He and other British
volunteers were kept away from actual fighting, but they were issued
winter gear and were posted on guard duty a safe distance from the
front lines. After a fortnight, they returned home. Lee returned
to work at
United States Lines
United States Lines and found his work more satisfying,
feeling that he was contributing. In early 1940, he joined Beecham's,
at first as an office clerk, then as a switchboard operator. When
Beecham's moved out of London, he joined the Home Guard. In the
winter, his father fell ill with bilateral pneumonia and died on 12
March 1941. Realising that he had no inclination to follow his father
into the Army, Lee decided to join up while he still had some choice
of service, and volunteered for the Royal Air Force.
Lee reported to
RAF Uxbridge for training and was then posted to the
Initial Training Wing at Paignton. After he had passed his exams
in Liverpool, the
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan meant that he
travelled on the Reina del Pacifico to South Africa, then to his
posting at Hillside, at
Bulawayo in Southern Rhodesia. Training
with de Havilland Tiger Moths, Lee was having his penultimate training
session before his first solo flight, when he suffered from headaches
and blurred vision. The medical officer hesitantly diagnosed a failure
of his optic nerve, and he was told he would never be allowed to fly
again. Lee was devastated, and the death of a fellow trainee from
Summer Fields only made him more despondent. His appeals were
fruitless, and he was left with nothing to do. He was moved around
to different flying stations before being posted to Southern
Rhodesia's capital, Salisbury, in December 1941. He then visited
the Mazowe Dam, Marandellas, the Wankie Game Reserve and the ruins of
Great Zimbabwe. Thinking he should "do something constructive for my
keep", he applied to join RAF Intelligence. His superiors praised his
initiative, and he was seconded into the Rhodesian Police Force and
was posted as a warder at Salisbury Prison. He was then promoted
to leading aircraftman and moved to
Durban in South Africa, before
Suez on the Nieuw Amsterdam.
After "killing time" at RAF Kasfareet near the
Great Bitter Lake
Great Bitter Lake in
Suez Canal Zone, he resumed intelligence work in the city of
Ismaïlia. He was then attached to
No. 205 Group RAF before being
commissioned as a pilot officer at the end of January 1943, and
No. 260 Squadron RAF
No. 260 Squadron RAF as an intelligence officer. As
North African Campaign
North African Campaign progressed, the squadron "leapfrogged"
between Egyptian airstrips, from
RAF El Daba
RAF El Daba to
Maaten Bagush and on
to Mersa Matruh. They lent air support to the ground forces and bombed
strategic targets. Lee, "broadly speaking, was expected to know
everything". The Allied advance continued into Libya, through
Benghazi to the Marble Arch and then through El Agheila,
Khoms and Tripoli, with the squadron averaging five missions a
day. As the advance continued into Tunisia, with the Axis forces
digging themselves in at the Mareth Line, Lee was almost killed when
the squadron's airfield was bombed. After breaking through the
Mareth Line, the squadron made their final base in Kairouan. After
the Axis surrender in North Africa in May 1943, the squadron moved to
Zuwarah in Libya in preparation for the Allied invasion of Sicily.
They then moved to Malta, and, after its capture by the British Eighth
Army, the Sicilian town of Pachino, before making a permanent base in
Agnone Bagni. At the end of July 1943, Lee received his second
promotion of the year, this time to flying officer. After the
Sicilian campaign was over, Lee came down with malaria for the sixth
time in under a year, and was flown to a hospital in
treatment. When he returned, the squadron was restless, frustrated
with a lack of news about the Eastern Front and the
Soviet Union in
general, and with no mail from home or alcohol. Unrest spread and
threatened to turn into mutiny. Lee, by now an expert on Russia,
talked them into resuming their duties, which much impressed his
Flying Officer C. F. C. Lee in Vatican City, 1944, soon after the
Liberation of Rome
After the Allied invasion of Italy, the squadron was based in Foggia
Termoli during the winter of 1943. Lee was then seconded to the
Army during an officer's swap scheme. He spent most of this time
with the Gurkhas of the 8th Indian Infantry Division during the Battle
of Monte Cassino. While spending some time on leave in Naples, Lee
climbed Mount Vesuvius, which erupted three days later. During the
final assault on Monte Cassino, the squadron was based in San Angelo,
and Lee was nearly killed when one of the planes crashed on takeoff,
and he tripped over one of its live bombs. After the battle, the
squadron moved to airfields just outside Rome, and Lee visited the
city, where he met his mother's cousin, Nicolò Carandini, who had
fought in the Italian resistance movement. In November 1944, Lee
was promoted to flight lieutenant and left the squadron in
take up a posting at Air Force HQ. Lee took part in forward
planning and liaison, in preparation for a potential assault into the
rumoured German Alpine Fortress. After the war ended, Lee was
invited to go hunting near Vienna and was then billeted in Pörtschach
am Wörthersee. For the final few months of his service, Lee, who
spoke fluent French and German, among other languages, was seconded to
the Central Registry of War Criminals and Security Suspects. Here,
he was tasked with helping to track down Nazi war criminals. Of
his time with the organisation, Lee said: "We were given dossiers of
what they'd done and told to find them, interrogate them as much as we
could and hand them over to the appropriate authority ... We saw
these concentration camps. Some had been cleaned up. Some had
not." He retired from the RAF in 1946 with the rank of flight
Lee's stepfather served as a captain in the Intelligence Corps, but it
is unlikely he had any influence over Lee's military career. Lee saw
him for the last time on a bus in
London in 1940, by then divorced
from Lee's mother, though Lee did not speak to him. Lee mentioned
that during the war he was attached to the
Executive and the Long Range Desert Group, the precursor of the
SAS, but always declined to go into details.
I was attached to the SAS from time to time but we are forbidden –
former, present, or future – to discuss any specific operations.
Let's just say I was in
Special Forces and leave it at that. People
can read in to that what they like.
1947–1957: Career beginnings
London in 1946, Lee was offered his old job back at
Beecham's, with a significant raise, but he turned them down as "I
couldn't think myself back into the office frame of mind." The Armed
Forces were sending veterans with an education in the
teach at universities, but Lee felt his
Latin was too rusty and didn't
care for the strict curfews. Having lunch with his cousin Nicolò
Carandini, now the Italian Ambassador to Britain, Lee was detailing
his war wounds when Carandini said, "Why don't you become an actor,
Christopher?" Lee liked the idea and after assuaging his mother's
protests by pointing to the successful Carandini performers in
Australia, which included his great-grandmother Marie Carandini, who
had been a successful opera singer, he met Nicolò's friend Filippo
Del Giudice, a lawyer-turned-film producer. The head of Two Cities
Films, part of the Rank Organisation, Giudice, "looked me up and
down... [and] concluded that I was just what the industry had been
looking for". He was sent to see
Josef Somlo for a contract, who
immediately announced that he was "much too tall to be an actor".
Somlo sent him to see Rank's David Henley and Olive Dodds, who signed
him on a seven-year contract.
A student at Rank's "Charm School", Lee and many of the others had
difficulty finding work. He finally made his film début in
Terence Young's Gothic romance Corridor of Mirrors (1947). He
played Charles; the director got around his height by placing him at a
table in a nightclub alongside Lois Maxwell, Mavis Villiers, Hugh
Latimer and John Penrose. Lee had a single line, "a satirical shaft
meant to qualify the lead's bravura".
His "apprenticeship" lasted ten years, as he mostly played supporting
and background characters.
I was around a long time – nearly ten years. Initially, I was told I
was too tall to be an actor. That's a quite fatuous remark to make.
It's like saying you're too short to play the piano. I thought,
"Right, I'll show you..." At the beginning I didn't know anything
about the technique of working in front of a camera, but during those
10 years, I did the one thing that's so vitally important today – I
watched, I listened and I learned. So when the time came I was
ready... Oddly enough, to play a character who said nothing [The
Creature in The Curse of Frankenstein].
Also in this early period, he made an uncredited appearance in
Laurence Olivier's film version of Hamlet (1948), as a spear carrier
(his later co-star and close friend
Peter Cushing played Osric). A few
years later, he appeared in
Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N.
Captain Horatio Hornblower R.N. (1951) as
a Spanish captain. He was cast when the director asked him if he could
speak Spanish and fence, which he was able to do. Lee appeared
uncredited in the American epic Quo Vadis (also 1951), which was shot
in Rome, playing a chariot driver and was injured when he was thrown
from it at one point during the shoot.
He recalled that his breakthrough came in 1952, when Douglas
Fairbanks, Jr. began making films at the British National Studios. He
said in 2006, "I was cast in various roles in 16 of them and even
Buster Keaton and it proved an excellent training
ground." The same year, he appeared in John Huston's
Oscar-nominated Moulin Rouge. Throughout the next decade, he made
nearly 30 films, including Cockleshell Heroes, playing mostly stock
1957–1976: Work with Hammer
Lee as the title character in
Dracula (1958). Lee fixed the image of
the fanged vampire in popular culture.
Lee's first film for Hammer was
The Curse of Frankenstein
The Curse of Frankenstein (1957), in
which he played Frankenstein's monster, with
Peter Cushing as Baron
Victor Frankenstein. It was the first film to co-star Lee and
Cushing, who ultimately appeared together in over twenty films and
became close friends. When he arrived at a casting session for the
film, "they asked me if I wanted the part, I said yes and that was
that". A little later, Lee co-starred with
Boris Karloff in the
Corridors of Blood (1958). Lee had previously appeared with
Karloff in 1955 in the "At Night, All Cats are Grey" episode of the
British television series Colonel March of Scotland Yard.
Lee's own appearance as
Frankenstein's monster led to his first
appearance as the Transylvanian vampire
Count Dracula in the film
Dracula (1958, known as Horror of
Dracula in the United States). A
critically acclaimed film that saw Lee fix the image of the fanged
vampire in popular culture,
Dracula has been ranked among the best
British films. The film magazine Empire ranked Lee's portrayal as
Dracula the 7th Greatest Horror Movie Character of All Time. Lee
accepted a similar role in an Italian-French horror picture called
Uncle Was a Vampire
Uncle Was a Vampire (1959).
Lee returned to the role of
Dracula in Hammer's Dracula: Prince of
Darkness (1965). Lee's role has no lines, he merely hisses his way
through the film. Stories vary as to the reason for this: Lee states
he refused to speak the poor dialogue he was given, but screenwriter
Jimmy Sangster claims that the script did not contain any lines for
the character. This film set the standard for most of the Dracula
sequels in the sense that half the film's running time was spent on
telling the story of Dracula's resurrection and the character's
appearances were brief. Lee went on record to state that he was
virtually "blackmailed" by Hammer into starring in the subsequent
films; unable or unwilling to pay him his going rate, they would
resort to reminding him of how many people he would put out of work,
if he did not take part.
The process went like this: The telephone would ring and my agent
would say, "Jimmy Carreras [President of Hammer Films] has been on the
phone, they've got another
Dracula for you." And I would say, "Forget
it! I don't want to do another one." I'd get a call from Jimmy
Carreras, in a state of hysteria. "What's all this about?!" "Jim, I
don't want to do it, and I don't have to do it." "No, you have to do
it!" And I said, "Why?" He replied, "Because I've already sold it to
the American distributor with you playing the part. Think of all the
people you know so well, that you will put out of work!" Emotional
blackmail. That's the only reason I did them.
His roles in the films
Dracula Has Risen from the Grave (1968), Taste
the Blood of
Dracula (1969), and Scars of
Dracula (1970) all gave the
Count very little to do. Lee said in an interview in 2005, "all they
do is write a story and try and fit the character in somewhere, which
is very clear when you see the films. They gave me nothing to do! I
pleaded with Hammer to let me use some of the lines that Bram Stoker
had written. Occasionally, I sneaked one in." Although Lee may not
have liked what Hammer was doing with the character, worldwide
audiences embraced the films, which were all commercially successful.
Lee starred in two further
Dracula films for Hammer in the early
1970s, both of which attempted to bring the character into the
modern-day era. These were not commercially successful:
1972 (1972) and The Satanic Rites of
Dracula (1973). The latter film
was tentatively titled
Dracula Is Dead... and Well and Living in
London, a parody of the stage and film musical revue Jacques Brel Is
Alive and Well and Living in Paris, but Lee was not amused. Speaking
at a press conference in 1973 to announce the film, Lee said, "I'm
doing it under protest... I think it is fatuous. I can think of twenty
adjectives – fatuous, pointless, absurd. It's not a comedy, but it's
got a comic title. I don't see the point." The Satanic Rites Of
Dracula was the last
Dracula film that
Christopher Lee played the
Dracula role in, as he felt he had played the part too many times and
Dracula films had deteriorated in quality. Hammer went on
to make one more
Dracula film without him: The Legend of the 7 Golden
Vampires (1974), with John Forbes-Robertson playing the Count and
David de Keyser dubbing him.
In all, Lee played
Dracula ten times: seven films for Hammer
Productions, once for Jesse Franco's
Count Dracula (1970), uncredited
in Jerry Lewis's One More Time (1970) and Édouard Molinaro's Dracula
and Son (1976).
Lee's other work for Hammer included The Mummy (1959). Lee portrayed
Rasputin, the Mad Monk
Rasputin, the Mad Monk (1966) and
Sir Henry Baskerville
(to Cushing's Sherlock Holmes) in The Hound of the Baskervilles
(1959). Lee later played Holmes himself in 1962's
Sherlock Holmes and
the Deadly Necklace, and returned to Holmes films with Billy Wilder's
British-made The Private Life of
Sherlock Holmes (1970), in which he
plays Sherlock's smarter brother, Mycroft. Lee considers this film to
be the reason he stopped being typecast: "I've never been typecast
since. Sure, I've played plenty of heavies, but as Anthony Hopkins
says, "I don't play villains, I play people."" Lee played a leading
role in the German film
The Puzzle of the Red Orchid
The Puzzle of the Red Orchid (1962), speaking
German, which he had learned during his education in Switzerland. He
auditioned for a part in the film The Longest Day (1962), but was
turned down because he did not "look like a military man". Some film
books incorrectly credit him with a role in the film, something he had
to correct for the rest of his life.
Lee's friend Dennis Wheatley, a noted author, was responsible for
bringing the occult to him. The company made two films from
Wheatley's novels, both starring Lee. The first, The Devil Rides Out
(1967), is generally considered to be one of Hammer's crowning
achievements. According to Lee, Wheatley was so pleased with it,
that he offered the actor the film rights to his remaining black magic
novels, free of charge. However, the second film, To the Devil a
Daughter (1976), was fraught with production difficulties and was
disowned by its author. Although financially successful, it was
Hammer's last horror film, and marked the end of Lee's long
association with the studio that had a major impact on his career.
Various roles: The Wicker Man and James Bond
Lee in The Oblong Box (1969)
Like Cushing, Lee also appeared in horror films for other companies
during the 20-year period from 1957 to 1977. Other films in which Lee
performed include the series of
Fu Manchu films made between 1965 and
1969, in which he starred as the villain in heavy oriental make-up; I,
Monster (1971), in which he played Jekyll and Hyde; The Creeping Flesh
(1972); and his personal favourite, The Wicker Man (1973), in which he
played Lord Summerisle. Lee wanted to break free of his image as
Dracula and take on more interesting acting roles. He met with
screenwriter Anthony Shaffer, and they agreed to work together. Film
director Robin Hardy and British Lion head Peter Snell became involved
in the project. Shaffer had a series of conversations with Hardy, and
the two decided that it would be fun to make a horror film centring on
"old religion", in sharp contrast to the popular Hammer films of the
day. Shaffer read the David Pinner novel Ritual, in which a devout
Christian policeman is called to investigate what appears to be the
ritual murder of a young girl in a rural village, and decided that it
would serve well as the source material for the project. Shaffer and
Lee paid Pinner £15,000 for the rights to the novel, and Schaffer set
to work on the screenplay. However, he soon decided that a direct
adaptation would not work well, and began to craft a new story, using
only the basic outline of the novel. Lee was so keen to get
the film made, he gave his services for free, as the budget was so
small. He would later refer to the film as the best he had ever
Lee appeared as the on-screen narrator in Jess Franco's Eugenie (1970)
as a favour to producer Harry Alan Towers, unaware that it was
softcore pornography, as the sex scenes were shot separately.
I had no idea that was what it was when I agreed to the role. I was
told it was about the Marquis de Sade. I flew out to Spain for one
day's work playing the part of a narrator. I had to wear a crimson
dinner jacket. There were lots of people behind me. They all had their
clothes on. There didn't seem to be anything peculiar or strange. A
friend said: 'Do you know you are in a film in Old Compton Street?' In
those days that was where the mackintosh brigade watched their films.
'Very funny,' I said. So I crept along there heavily disguised in dark
glasses and scarf, and found the cinema and there was my name. I was
furious! There was a huge row. When I had left Spain that day everyone
behind me had taken their clothes off!
Lee and his close friend
Peter Cushing in
Horror Express (1972)
In addition to making films in the United Kingdom, Lee made films in
mainland Europe: he appeared in two German films, Count Dracula
(1970), where he again played the vampire count, and The Torture
Chamber of Dr. Sadism (1967). Other films in Europe he made include
Castle of the Living Dead
Castle of the Living Dead (1964) and
Horror Express (1972). Lee was a
producer of the horror film
Nothing But the Night
Nothing But the Night (also 1972), in
which he also starred. It was the first and last film he ever
produced, as he did not enjoy the process.
Lee appeared as the
Comte de Rochefort in Richard Lester's The Three
Musketeers (1973). He was wounded in his left knee during filming, an
injury he still felt many years later. He also appeared in the
sequel film The Four Musketeers (1974), which was actually shot at the
same time. Although "killed" in the latter film, he reprised the role
The Return of the Musketeers
The Return of the Musketeers (1989), with his character given token
dialogue explaining that his wound in the earlier film's climactic
sword fight wasn't fatal.
After the mid-1970s, Lee eschewed horror roles almost entirely. Ian
Fleming, author of the
James Bond spy novels and Lee's step-cousin,
had offered him the role of the titular antagonist in the first
Eon-produced Bond film Dr. No (1962). Lee enthusiastically accepted,
but by the time Fleming told the producers, they had already chosen
Joseph Wiseman for the role. Lee finally got to play a James Bond
villain in The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), in which he was cast as
the deadly assassin Francisco Scaramanga. Lee said of his performance,
"In Fleming's novel he's just a West Indian thug, but in the film he's
charming, elegant, amusing, lethal... I played him like the dark side
Because of his filming schedule in Bangkok, film director Ken Russell
was unable to sign Lee to play the Specialist in Tommy (1975). That
role was eventually given to Jack Nicholson. In an AMC documentary on
John Carpenter states that he offered the role of
Samuel Loomis to
Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee, before Donald
Pleasence took the role. Years later, Lee met Carpenter, and told him
that the biggest regret of his career was not taking the role of Dr.
Lee appeared on the cover of the Wings album
Band on the Run
Band on the Run (1973),
along with others including chat show host Michael Parkinson, singer
Kenny Lynch, film actor James Coburn, world boxing champion John
Conteh, and broadcaster Clement Freud.
1977: Move to Hollywood
In 1977, Lee left Britain for the US, concerned at being typecast in
horror films, as had happened to his close friends
Peter Cushing and
Vincent Price. He said in an interview in 2011:
Peter and Vincent made some wonderful serious movies but are only
known for horror. That was why I went to America. I couldn't see
anything happening here except a continuation of what had gone before.
A couple of friends, Dick Widmark and Billy Wilder, told me I had to
get away from
London otherwise I would always be typecast.
His first American film was the disaster film
Airport '77 (1977). In
1978, Lee surprised many people with his willingness to go along with
a joke, by appearing as guest host on NBC's Saturday Night Live. As
a result of his appearance on SNL, Steven Spielberg, who was in the
audience, cast him in 1941 (1979). Meanwhile, Lee co-starred with
Bette Davis in the Disney film
Return from Witch Mountain
Return from Witch Mountain (1978).
He turned down the role of Dr. Barry Rumack (finally played by Leslie
Nielsen) in the disaster spoof
Airplane! (1980), a decision he later
called "a big mistake".
Lee appeared in
The Return of Captain Invincible
The Return of Captain Invincible (1982), a
comedy-musical film. Lee plays a fascist who plans to rid America (and
afterwards, the world) of all non-whites. Lee sings on two tracks in
the film ("Name Your Poison" and "Mister Midnight"), written by
Richard O'Brien (who had written
The Rocky Horror Picture Show
The Rocky Horror Picture Show seven
years previously) and Richard Hartley. Later, he appeared alongside
Reb Brown and
Sybil Danning in Howling II: Your Sister Is a Werewolf
(1985). Lee made his last appearances as
Sherlock Holmes in Incident
at Victoria Falls (1991) and
Sherlock Holmes and the Leading Lady
Lee at the Aubagne International Film Festival in September 1996
In addition to more than a dozen feature films together for Hammer
Films, Amicus Productions, and other companies, Lee and Peter Cushing
both appeared in Hamlet (1948) and
Moulin Rouge (1952), albeit in
separate scenes; and in separate instalments of the
Star Wars films,
Grand Moff Tarkin
Grand Moff Tarkin in the original film, Lee decades later
as Count Dooku. The last project which united them in person was a
documentary, Flesh and Blood: The Hammer Heritage of Horror (1994),
which they jointly narrated. It was the last time they saw each other,
as Cushing died two months later.
In 1998, Lee starred in the role of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of
modern Pakistan, in the film Jinnah. In 2002, while talking about his
favourite role in film at a press conference at the Brussels
International Fantastic Film Festival, he declared that his role in
Jinnah was by far his best performance.
Lee was considered for the role of comic book villain/hero Magneto in
the screen adaptation of the popular comic book series X-Men, but he
lost the role to
Sir Ian McKellen, his co-star in The Lord of the
Rings and The Hobbit.
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings and Star Wars
Lee at Forbidden Planet New Oxford Street, London, signing The Two
Towers in January 2008
He had many television roles, including that of Flay in the BBC
television miniseries, based on Mervyn Peake's novels, Gormenghast
Stefan Wyszyński in the
CBS film John Paul the Second
(2005). He played Lucas de Beaumanoir, the Grand Master of the Knights
Templar, in the BBC/A&E co-production of
Sir Walter Scott's
Ivanhoe (1997). He played a role in the made-for-TV series La
Révolution française (1989) in part 2, "Les Années Terribles", as
the executioner, Charles-Henri Sanson, who beheaded King Louis XVI,
Maximilien de Robespierre, and others.
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. In the
commentary, he stated he had a decades-long dream to play Gandalf, but
that he was now too old, and that his physical limitations prevented
him from being considered. The role of Saruman, by contrast, required
no horseback riding and much less fighting. Lee had met J. R. R.
Tolkien once (making him the only person involved in The Lord of the
Rings film trilogy to have done so) and made a habit of reading the
novels at least once a year. In addition, he performed for
the album The Lord of the Rings: Songs and Poems by
J.R.R. Tolkien in
2003. Lee's appearance in the final film in the trilogy, The Lord
of the Rings: The Return of the King, was cut from the theatrical
release, but the scene was reinstated in the extended edition.
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings marked the beginning of a major career revival
that continued in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones
(2002) and Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005), in
which he played the villainous Count Dooku. He did most of the
swordplay himself, though a double was required for the long shots
with more vigorous footwork.
Lee filming The Heavy in Westminster,
London in 2007
Lee was one of the favourite actors of Tim Burton, and became a
regular in many of Burton's films, working for the director five
times, starting in 1999, where he had a small role as the Burgomaster
in the film Sleepy Hollow. In 2005, Lee played Willy Wonka's strict
dentist father, Dr. Wilbur Wonka, in Burton's reimagining of the Roald
Dahl tale Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and voiced the character
of Pastor Galswells in Corpse Bride, co-directed by Burton and Mike
In 2007, Lee collaborated with Burton on Sweeney Todd: The Demon
Barber of Fleet Street, playing the spirit of Sweeney Todd's victims,
called the Gentleman Ghost, alongside Anthony Head, with both singing
"The Ballad of Sweeney Todd", its reprises and the Epilogue. These
songs were recorded, but eventually cut since Burton felt that the
songs were too theatrical for the film. Lee's appearance was
completely cut from the film, but Head still had an uncredited
one-line cameo. In 2008, he was offered the role of King Balor in
Guillermo del Toro's Hellboy II: The Golden Army, but had to turn it
down due to prior commitments.
In late November 2009, Lee narrated the Science Fiction Festival in
Trieste, Italy. Also in 2009, Lee starred in Stephen Poliakoff's
British period drama
Glorious 39 with Julie Christie, Bill Nighy,
Romola Garai, and David Tennant, Academy Award-nominated director
Danis Tanović's war film Triage with
Colin Farrell and Paz Vega, and
Duncan Ward's comedy Boogie Woogie alongside Amanda Seyfried, Gillian
Anderson, Stellan Skarsgård, and Joanna Lumley.
2010s: Later roles
Lee at the
Berlin International Film Festival
Berlin International Film Festival in February 2012
In 2010, Lee marked his fourth collaboration with
Tim Burton by
Jabberwock in Burton's adaptation of Lewis Carroll's
classic book Alice in Wonderland, alongside Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham
Carter, and Anne Hathaway. While he only had two lines, Burton said
that he felt Lee to be a good match for the iconic character, because
of Lee himself being "an iconic guy".
Lee won the "Spirit of Metal" award in the
Metal Hammer Golden Gods
2010. The award was presented by Tony Iommi. In 2010, Lee received the
Steiger Award (Germany) and, in February 2011, Lee was awarded the
In 2011, he appeared in a Hammer film for the first time in
thirty-five years, the last being 1976's To the Devil a Daughter. The
film was called The Resident, and he gave a "superbly sinister"
Hilary Swank and Jeffrey Dean Morgan.
Whilst filming scenes for the film in
New Mexico in early 2009, Lee
injured his back when he tripped over power cables on set. He had
to undergo surgery, and as a result, he was unable to play the role of
Sir Lachlan Morrison in The Wicker Tree, the sequel to The Wicker Man.
Very disappointed, director Robin Hardy recast the role, but Lee was
determined to appear in the film, so Hardy wrote a small scene
specially for him. Lee appears as the unnamed "Old Gentleman" who
acts as Lachlan's mentor in a flashback. Hardy stated that fans of The
Wicker Man would recognise this character as Lord Summerisle, but
Lee contradicted this, stating that they are two unrelated
characters. Also in 2011, Lee appeared in the critically
acclaimed Hugo, directed by Martin Scorsese.
On 11 January 2011, Lee announced on his website that he would be
reprising the role of
Saruman for the prequel film The Hobbit.
Lee had originally said that he would have liked to have shown
Saruman's corruption by Sauron, but that he wouldn't be
comfortable flying to New Zealand at his age. The production was
adjusted to accommodate Lee's travel concerns, thereby allowing him to
participate in the film from London. Lee said he worked on his role
for the films over the course of four days, portraying
a kind and noble wizard, before his subsequent fall into darkness, as
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy.
In 2012, Lee marked his fifth and final collaboration with Tim Burton,
by appearing in Burton's film adaptation of the gothic soap opera Dark
Shadows, in the small role of a New England fishing captain.
In an interview in August 2013, Lee said that he was "saddened" to
hear his friend
Johnny Depp considering retirement from acting, noting
that he himself had no intention of retiring.
There are frustrations – people who lie to you, people who don't
know what they are doing, films that don't turn out the way you had
wanted them to – so, yes, I do understand [why Depp would consider
retiring]. I always ask myself "well, what else could I do?". Making
films has never just been a job to me, it's my life. I have some
interests outside of acting – I sing and I've written books, for
instance – but acting is what keeps me going, it's what I do, it
gives life purpose... I'm realistic about the amount of work I can get
at my age, but I take what I can, even voice-overs and narration.
Lee narrated the feature-length documentary Necessary Evil:
Super-Villains of DC Comics, which was released on 25 October
2013. In 2014, he appeared in an episode of the
series Timeshift called How to Be Sherlock Holmes: The Many Faces of a
Master Detective. Lee and others who had played Sherlock Holmes
discussed the character and the various interpretations of him.
He also appeared in a web exclusive, reading an excerpt from the short
story The Final Problem. He also narrated an advertising campaign
for Age UK, reading a poem by Roger McGough.
A month before his death, Lee had signed to star with an ensemble cast
in the Danish film The 11th. His final performance was the
independent Angels of Notting Hill directed by Michael Pakleppa.
A comedy about an angel trapped in
London who falls in love with a
human being. Lee plays The Boss/Mr. President and the film premiered
in the Regent Street Cinema,
London on Saturday 29 October 2016 
Lee recorded his final words for film at his Redwood Studios in Soho,
London on 17 May 2015 just 3 weeks before his death on 7 June
Lee spoke fluent English, Italian, French, Spanish, and German, and
was moderately proficient in Swedish, Russian, and Greek. He was
the original voice of Thor in the German dubs of the Danish 1986
animated film Valhalla, and of King Haggard in both the English and
German dubs of the 1982 animated adaptation of The Last Unicorn.
Lee provided the off-camera voice of "U. N. Owen", the mysterious
host who brings disparate characters together in Agatha Christie's Ten
Little Indians (1965). The film was produced by Harry Alan Towers, for
whom Lee had worked repeatedly in the 1960s. Even though he was not
credited on the film, his voice is unmistakable. He also provided all
the voices for the English dub of
Monsieur Hulot's Holiday
Monsieur Hulot's Holiday (1953).
He contributed with his voice as Death in the animated versions of
Terry Pratchett's Soul Music and Wyrd Sisters, and reprised the role
Sky1 live action adaptation The Colour of Magic, taking over
the role from the late Ian Richardson.
Lee provided the voice for the role of Ansem the Wise/
DiZ in the video
games Kingdom Hearts II, Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days, and Kingdom Hearts
2.5 HD Remix, but veteran voice actor
Corey Burton (who would also
take over for Lee in Star Wars: The Clone Wars) took over for Kingdom
Hearts Re:Chain of Memories, Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, and
Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance, as well as the version of
Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days
Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days that was released as part of Kingdom Hearts
1.5 HD Remix. He was the voice of Lucan D'Lere in the trailers for
Lee reprised his role as
Saruman in the video game The Lord of the
Rings: The Battle for
Middle-earth along with the other actors of the
films. He also narrated and sang for the Danish musical group The
Tolkien Ensemble, taking the role of Treebeard,
King Théoden and
others in the readings or singing of their respective poems or
songs. In 2007, he voiced the transcript of The Children of
J.R.R. Tolkien for the audiobook version of the novel.
In 2005, Lee provided the voice of Pastor Galswells in The Corpse
Bride, co-directed by
Tim Burton and Mike Johnson. He served as the
narrator on The Nightmare Before Christmas' poem, written by Tim
Burton as well. Lee reprised his role as
Count Dooku in the Star Wars:
The Clone Wars 2008 animated film, but
Corey Burton took his place for
the character in the TV series. From 2008 until 2010, Lee was the host
and narrator of "Mystery Theater" which aired on radio worldwide. Lee
introduced American classic radio mystery, sci-fi and detective
programs in a series produced, written and directed by Carl Amari. In
2010, he collaborated again with Tim Burton, this time by voicing the
Jabberwocky in Burton's adaptation of Lewis Carroll's classic book
Alice in Wonderland.
Some thirty years after playing
Francisco Scaramanga in The Man with
the Golden Gun, Lee provided the voice of Scaramanga in the video game
GoldenEye: Rogue Agent. In 2013, Lee voiced The Earl of Earl’s
Court in the
BBC Radio 4 radio play Neverwhere by Neil Gaiman.
Lee recorded special dialogue, in addition to serving as the Narrator,
for the Lego
The Hobbit video game released in April 2014.
Lee receiving the "Spirit of Metal" award for his album Charlemagne:
By the Sword and the Cross at the 2010
Metal Hammer Golden Gods
ceremony in London
With his operatic bass voice, Lee sang on The Wicker Man soundtrack,
performing Paul Giovanni's composition, "The Tinker of Rye". He
sang the closing credits song of the 1994 horror film Funny Man.
His most notable musical work on film, however, appears in the
superhero comedy/rock musical
The Return of Captain Invincible
The Return of Captain Invincible (1983),
in which Lee performs a song and dance number called "Name Your
Poison", written by Richard O'Brien. In 1977 he appeared on Peter
Knight and Bob Johnson's (from Steeleye Span) concept album The King
of Elfland's Daughter. In the 1980s, during the height of Italo disco,
he provided vocals to Kathy Joe Daylor's song "Little Witch".
Lee's first contact with heavy metal music came by singing a duet with
Fabio Lione, lead vocalist of the Italian symphonic power metal band
Rhapsody of Fire
Rhapsody of Fire on the single "The Magic of the Wizard's Dream" from
Symphony of Enchanted Lands
Symphony of Enchanted Lands II album. Later he appeared as a
narrator on the band's four albums
Symphony of Enchanted Lands
Symphony of Enchanted Lands II –
The Dark Secret, Triumph or Agony, The Frozen Tears of Angels, and
From Chaos to Eternity, as well as on the EP The Cold Embrace of Fear
– A Dark Romantic Symphony, portraying the Wizard King. He also
Manowar while they were recording a new version of their
first album, Battle Hymns. The original voice was done by Orson Welles
(who was long dead at the time of the re-recording). The new
album, Battle Hymns MMXI, was released on 26 November 2010.
In 2006, he bridged two disparate genres of music by performing a
heavy metal variation of the
Toreador Song from the opera
the band Inner Terrestrials. The song was featured on his album
Revelation in 2007. The same year, he produced a music video for
his cover version of the song "My Way".
His first complete metal album was Charlemagne: By the Sword and the
Cross, which was critically acclaimed and awarded with the "Spirit of
Metal" award from the 2010
Metal Hammer Golden Gods ceremony,
where he described himself as "a young man right at the beginning of
his career". It was released on 15 March 2010. In June 2012, he
released a music video for the song "The Bloody Verdict of
On his 90th birthday (27 May 2012), he announced the release of his
new single "Let Legend Mark Me as the King" from his upcoming album
Charlemagne: The Omens of Death, signifying his move onto "full on"
heavy metal, which makes him the oldest performer in the history of
the genre. The music was arranged by
Richie Faulkner from the band
Judas Priest, and featured World Guitar Idol Champion, Hedras
In December 2012, he released an EP of heavy metal covers of Christmas
songs called A Heavy Metal Christmas. He released a second in
December 2013, entitled A Heavy Metal Christmas Too. With the
song Jingle Hell, Lee entered the
Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100 chart at #22, thus
becoming the oldest living performer to ever enter the music charts,
at 91 years and 6 months. The record was previously held (among living
artists) by Tony Bennett, who was 85 when he recorded "Body and Soul"
Amy Winehouse in March 2011 (Louis Armstrong's "What a Wonderful
World" charted when Armstrong would have been 86 years old in 1987,
but Armstrong had recorded the song 20 years prior, and was already
dead by the time the song became a hit). After media attention,
the song rose to #18.
Lee released a third EP of covers in May 2014, to celebrate his 92nd
birthday, called Metal Knight, in addition to a cover of "My Way", it
contains "The Toreador March", inspired by the opera Carmen, and the
songs "The Impossible Dream" and "I Don Quixote" from the Don Quixote
musical Man of La Mancha. Lee was inspired to record the latter songs
because, "as far as I am concerned,
Don Quixote is the most metal
fictional character that I know". His fourth EP and third annual
Christmas release came in December 2014, as he put out "Darkest
Carols, Faithful Sing", a playful take on "Hark! The Herald Angels
Sing". He explained: "It's light-hearted, joyful and fun... At my
age, the most important thing for me is to keep active by doing things
that I truly enjoy. I do not know how long I am going to be around, so
every day is a celebration, and I want to share it with my fans."
On the self-titled debut album by Hollywood Vampires, a supergroup
consisting of Johnny Depp, Alice Cooper, and Joe Perry, Lee is
featured as a narrator in the track "The Last Vampire". Being recorded
shortly before his death, this marks Lee's final appearance on a
Lee with his wife, the Danish former model Birgit Krøncke Lee, March
The Carandinis, Lee's maternal ancestors, were given the right to bear
the coat of arms of the
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire by the Emperor Frederick
Barbarossa. Cinemareview notes: "
Cardinal Consalvi was Papal Secretary
of State at the time of Napoleon, and is buried at the Pantheon in
Rome, next to the painter Raphael. His painting, by Lawrence, hangs in
Lee was a step-cousin of Ian Fleming, author of the
James Bond spy
novels, and a distant relative of
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee and the astronomer
Lee was engaged for a time in the late 1950s to Henriette von Rosen,
whom he had met at a nightclub in Stockholm. Her father, Count
Fritz von Rosen, proved demanding, getting them to delay the wedding
for a year, asking his London-based friends to interview Lee, hiring
private detectives to investigate him, and asking Lee to provide him
with references, which Lee obtained from Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., John
Boulting, and Joe Jackson. Lee found the meeting of her extended
family to be like something from a surrealist
Luis Buñuel film, and
thought they were "killing me with cream". Finally, Lee had to
have the permission of the King of Sweden to marry. Lee had met him
some years before whilst filming Tales of Hans Anderson, where he
received his blessing. However, shortly before the wedding, Lee
ended the engagement. He was concerned that his financial insecurity
in his chosen profession meant that she "deserved better" than being
"pitched into the dishevelled world of an actor". She understood, and
they called the wedding off.
Lee was introduced to Danish painter and former model Birgit "Gitte"
Krøncke by a Danish friend in 1960. They were engaged soon
after, and married on 17 March 1961. They had a daughter,
Christina Erika Carandini Lee (b. 1963), Lee was also the
uncle of the British actress Dame Harriet Walter. Both Lee and
his daughter Christina provided spoken vocals on Rhapsody of Fire's
album From Chaos to Eternity.
Lee was also known for his imposing height: he was 6 ft 5 in
(1.96 m) tall. Lee and his wife Birgit were listed among the fifty
best-dressed over 50s by the Guardian in March 2013.
Lee was a supporter of the British Conservative Party. He described
Michael Howard as "the ideal person to lead the party" in 2003,
and also supported
William Hague and David Cameron.
Contrary to popular belief, Lee did not have a vast library of occult
books. When giving a speech at the
University College Dublin
University College Dublin on 8
November 2011, he said: "Somebody wrote I have 20,000 books. I'd have
to live in a bath! I have maybe four or five [occult books]." He
further admonished the students against baneful occult practices,
warning them that he had met "people who claimed to be Satanists. Who
claimed to be involved with black magic."; however, he himself had
certainly never been involved: "I warn all of you: never, never,
never. You will not only lose your mind, you'll lose your soul."
Wikinews has related news: English actor
Christopher Lee dies aged 93
Lee died at the Chelsea and
Westminster Hospital on 7 June 2015 at
8:30 am after being admitted for respiratory problems and heart
failure, shortly after celebrating his 93rd birthday. His wife delayed
the public announcement until 11 June, in order to break the news to
Following Lee's death, fans, friends, actors, directors, and others
involved in the film industry publicly gave their personal
tributes. The UK Prime Minister David Cameron
called Lee a “titan of the golden age of cinema”. He was also
honoured by the Academy at the
88th Academy Awards
88th Academy Awards on 28 February 2016
in the annual In Memoriam section.
Honours and legacy
Lee was the subject of the BBC's This Is Your Life in 1974, where he
was surprised by Eamonn Andrews. In 1997, he was appointed a
Commander of the Venerable Order of Saint John. On 16 June 2001,
as part of that year's Queen's Birthday Honours, Lee was appointed a
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Commander of the Order of the British Empire "for services to
Drama". He was made a
Knight Bachelor "For services to Drama
and to Charity" on 13 June as part of the
Queen's Birthday Honours in
2009. He was knighted by Prince Charles, but because of his
age he was excused the usual requirement to kneel, and thus received
the knighthood whilst standing. The government of France made him
a Commander of
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 2011.
Lee was named 2005's 'most marketable star in the world' in a USA
Today newspaper poll, after three of the films he appeared in grossed
US$640 million. On 13 February 2011, Lee was awarded the
BAFTA Academy Fellowship by Tim Burton.
In 2011, accompanied by his wife Birgit, and on the 164th anniversary
of the birth of Bram Stoker, Lee was honoured with a tribute by
University College Dublin, and described his honorary life membership
of the UCD Law Society as "in some ways as special as the
Oscars". He was awarded the
Bram Stoker Gold Medal by the Trinity
College Philosophical Society, of which Stoker was President, and a
copy of Collected Ghost Stories of MR James by Trinity College's
School of English.
Ancestors of Christopher Lee
16. Henry Lee (1764–1837)
8. Henry Lee (1794–1867)
17. Susannah Stubbing (1761–1849)
4. Ellis Lee (1842–1915)
18. Thomas Tilson (1780)
9. Maria Matilda Tilson (1810–1881)
19. Maria Johnson (1780)
2. Geoffrey Trollope Lee (1879–1941)
20. George Trollope (1792–1871)
10. George Francis Trollope (1817–1895)
21. Mary Mann (1792–1876)
5. Constance Helen Trollope (1846–1914)
22. William Hayward
11. Constance Hayward (1820–1878)
23. Constance Stapleton (1797–1868)
Christopher Lee (1922–2015)
24. Francesco Carandini (1773–1839)
12. Jerome Carandini (1803–1870)
25. Rosa Tampellini
6. Frank James Carandini (1847–1920)
26. James Burgess (1797–1835)
13. Marie Burgess (1826–1894)
27. Martha Medwin (1805–1882)
Marie Carandini (1889–1981)
28. Charles Clementson (1799–1871)
14. Charles Doxat Clementson (1825–1898)
29. Juliana Clementson (1800–1878)
7. Florence Annie Clementson (1857–1946)
15. Anne Frederica Beck (1829–1919)
Christopher Lee filmography
2007: J. R. R. Tolkien: The Children of Húrin, HarperCollins,
Christopher Lee Sings Devils, Rogues & Other Villains (1998)
Charlemagne: By the Sword and the Cross (2010)
Charlemagne: The Omens of Death (2013)
A Heavy Metal Christmas (2012)
A Heavy Metal Christmas Too (2013)
Metal Knight (2014)
"Let Legend Mark Me as the King" (2012)
"The Ultimate Sacrifice" (2012)
"Darkest Carols, Faithful Sing" (2014)
The Wicker Man soundtrack
The Wicker Man soundtrack (1973)
Hammer Presents "Dracula" With
Christopher Lee (EMI NTS 186 UK/Capitol
ST-11340 USA, 1974)
The Soldier's Tale by Stravinsky, with the Scottish Chamber Orchestra
conducted by Lionel Friend (Nimbus, 1986)
Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf by Prokofiev, with the English String Orchestra
Yehudi Menuhin (Nimbus, 1989)
Annie Get Your Gun (1995)
The Rocky Horror Show
The Rocky Horror Show (1995)
The King and I
The King and I (1998)
Musicality of Lerner and Loewe (2002)
Lord of the Rings: Songs and Poems by
J. R. R. Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien (2003)
Edgar Allan Poe Projekt – Visionen (2006), recites the poem "The
Raven" and sings the song "Elenore"
Battle Hymns MMXI
Battle Hymns MMXI (2010),
Hollywood Vampires (2015)
With Rhapsody of Fire:
Symphony of Enchanted Lands II – The Dark Secret
Symphony of Enchanted Lands II – The Dark Secret (2004), as narrator
Triumph or Agony
Triumph or Agony (2006), as narrator and Lothen
The Frozen Tears of Angels
The Frozen Tears of Angels (2010), as narrator and Lothen
The Cold Embrace of Fear – A Dark Romantic Symphony
The Cold Embrace of Fear – A Dark Romantic Symphony (2010), as the
From Chaos to Eternity
From Chaos to Eternity (2011), as the Wizard King
^ "Christopher Lee's memorable movie roles: 'I dreamed of being a
^ *"Hammer Horror star Lee knighted". BBC. Retrieved 7 May 2012
Christopher Lee to receive Bafta Fellowship". BBC. Retrieved 7 May
Christopher Lee with film award". BBC. Retrieved
14 December 2013
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "The Total Film Interview –
Christopher Lee". Total Film. 1 May 2005. Archived from the original
on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
Christopher Lee filmography". AllMovie. AllRovi. Retrieved 18
Christopher Lee releases second heavy metal album". BBC
^ Farrell, John (28 May 2012). "
Christopher Lee Celebrates 90th
Birthday By Recording Heavy Metal". Forbes. Retrieved 29 May
^ "Biography –
Christopher Lee – Official Website".
Christopherleeweb.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014.
Retrieved 16 March 2014.
Christopher Lee Biography (1922–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved
4 October 2010.
"Merchant of menace". The Daily Telegraph. London. 19 May 2002.
Retrieved 30 April 2010.
^ Lee 2003, p. 6-7.
^ Lee 2003, p. 13.
Christopher Lee – Biography".
Talk Talk. Retrieved 26 August
^ James E. Wise; Scott Baron (January 2002). International Stars at
War. Naval Institute Press. p. 118.
Christopher Lee honoured by UCD Law Society". UCD News. University
College Dublin. November 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2015. The Carandini
family is one of the oldest in Europe and traces itself back to the
first century AD. It is believed to have been connected with the
Emperor Charlemagne, and as such was granted the right to bear the
coat of arms of the
Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire by Emperor Frederick
Exshaw, John (12 June 2015). "
Sir Christopher Lee: 'Crown Prince of
Terror' whose work with Hammer Horror led the postwar revival of
Gothic fantasy". The Independent. United Kingdom. Retrieved 12 June
2015. He inherited his father's dark looks, and from his mother a
lineage stretching back possibly to Ancient Rome, and including
Charlemagne, along the way to the first Count Carandini in 1184.
^ Lee 2003, p. 3.
^ Lee 2003, p. 7.
^ Lee 2003, p. 21.
^ Lee 2003, p. 22.
^ Lee 2003, p. 22-23.
^ Lee 2003, p. 23.
^ Lee 2003, p. 24.
^ Lee 2003, p. 25.
^ Lee 2003, p. 32.
^ a b Lee 2003, p. 38.
Christopher Lee playing M.R. James for the
BBC in 2000 on YouTube
Christopher Lee biography". Retrieved 18 April 2013.
^ Lee 2003, p. 44.
^ Lee 2003, p. 45.
^ Lee 2003, p. 46-47.
^ Lee 2003, p. 47.
^ Lee 2003, p. 48.
^ a b Lee 2003, p. 50.
^ Lee 2003, p. 52.
^ Lee 2003, p. 54.
^ Lee 2003, p. 56.
^ Lee 2003, p. 58-59.
^ Louis Paul (6 September 2007). Tales from the Cult Film Trenches:
Interviews with 36 Actors from Horror, Science Fiction and
Exploitation Cinema. McFarland. pp. 146–.
^ Lee 2003, p. 59.
^ Lee 2003, p. 60.
^ Lee 2003, p. 62-63.
^ Lee 2003, p. 64.
^ Lee 2003, p. 65.
^ Lee 2003, p. 67-68.
^ Lee 2003, p. 70-71.
^ Lee 2003, p. 72-73.
^ Lee 2003, p. 73.
^ Lee 2003, p. 74.
^ Lee 2003, p. 75.
^ Lee 2003, p. 77.
^ Lee 2003, p. 77-79.
^ "No. 36044". The
London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1943.
^ Lee 2003, p. 81.
^ Lee 2003, p. 84.
^ Lee 2003, p. 85-86.
^ Lee 2003, p. 86.
^ Lee 2003, p. 88.
^ Lee 2003, p. 91.
^ Lee 2003, p. 93-94.
^ "No. 36131". The
London Gazette (Supplement). 10 August 1943.
^ Lee 2003, p. 96-97.
^ Lee 2003, p. 98.
^ Lee 2003, p. 99-100.
^ Lee 2003, p. 100-101.
^ Lee 2003, p. 101.
^ Lee 2003, p. 102.
^ Lee 2003, p. 104-105.
^ Lee 2003, p. 106.
^ Lee 2003, p. 106-107.
^ a b Lee 2003, p. 107.
^ a b c d "Christopher Lee: a giant among actors". The Times. 20
November 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
^ Lee 2003, p. 61.
^ Lee 2003, p. 99.
^ Lord of the Rings DVD, audio commentary
^ a b c d Farndale, Nigel (12 February 2011). "
Sir Christopher Lee
interview". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
^ Lee 2003, p. 109.
^ Lee 2003, p. 110.
^ Lee 2003, p. 111.
^ a b Lee 2003, p. 112.
^ a b c d e "Christopher Lee- Biography" Archived 19 May 2012 at the
Wayback Machine.. Yahoo.com. Retrieved 7 May 2012
^ a b c "A prolific star of the Elstree screen". Boreham Wood &
Elstree Times. 16 February 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
^ J Gordon Melton (2010). "The Vampire Book: The Encyclopedia of the
Undead". p. 247. Visible Ink Press
^ Johnson, Tom (2009). "The
Christopher Lee Filmography: All
Theatrical Releases, 1948–2003". p. 79. McFarland.
^ "Fangs for the memories: The A-Z of vampires" (31 October 2009). The
^ "The 100 best British films". Time Out. Retrieved 24 October 2017
^ "The 100 best horror movie characters". Empire. Retrieved 2 December
^ Landis, John (2011). Monsters in the Movies: 100 Years of Cinematic
Nightmares. Dorling Kindersley. p. 45.
^ Haining, Peter (1992). The
Dracula Scrapbook. Chancellor Press.
Christopher Lee In His Own Words.
Empire [online]. Published 12 June 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
Author - Owen Williams.
^ "IMDB". Retrieved 20 May 2016.
^ a b Barrett, Victoria (29 May 2003). "The good, the bad and the
Christopher Lee". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 December
^ Farndale, Nigel (11 June 2005). "
Christopher Lee interview: 'I'm
softer than people think'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 January
^ "Hammer House of Horrors". My Existenz. Retrieved 16 January
^ a b "Burnt Offerings: – The Cult of the Wicker Man 1/4". YouTube.
6 October 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
^ Gore, Will (22 April 2011). "The author who inspired The Wicker
Man..." Surrey Comet. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011.
Retrieved 11 April 2012.
^ Lee 2003, p. 307.
^ "Return from Witch Mountain". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 15
Christopher Lee talks about his favorite role". YouTube. 21 March
2002. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
^ Lee 2003, p. 274.
^ Lee 2003, p. 337.
Peter Jackson (2002). Cameras in
Middle-earth (The Lord of the
Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
Special Extended Edition
documentary) (DVD). New Line Cinema.
^ "Lord of the Rings: At Dawn in Rivendell". Amazon.com. Retrieved 4
Tim Burton – KCRW 89.9FM". Kcrw.com. Retrieved 4 October
^ "Science+Fiction Festival Report:
Christopher Lee on Modern Horror
Movies". Dreadcentral.com. 22 December 2009. Retrieved 4 October
^ "Stephen Poliakoff's feature film 1939, featuring stellar line-up of
UK's finest acting talent, starts shooting".
BBC Press Office.
Retrieved 30 September 2017.
^ Salisbury, Mark;
Burton, Tim (2010). Alice in Wonderland: A Visual
Companion. Disney Editions. p. 191.
ISBN 978-1-4231-2887-8. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors
^ "The Resident – review". The Guardian. 10 March 2011. Retrieved 2
^ "Hi-Res Look at
Hilary Swank in Hammer Films' 'The Resident'".
Bloody-disgusting.com. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
^ "Robin Hardy – director and novelist – Edward Woodward and
Christopher Lee". Geek Chocolate. 6 April 2012. Retrieved 20 December
^ Hardy, Robin. "RM-051.mp3 (audio/mpeg Object)". Rue Morgue Radio.
Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 12 April
^ Lee, Christopher (27 December 2011). "
Christopher Lee 2011 Christmas
Message Part 1". Retrieved 11 April 2012.
Sir Christopher Returns in The Hobbit".
Christopher Lee Official
Website. 11 January 2011. Archived from the original on 15 January
2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
^ Ferris, Glen (4 June 2008). "
Christopher Lee on The Hobbit". Empire
Online. Retrieved 4 June 2008.
^ Rappe, Elisabeth (13 July 2008). "Looks Like
Christopher Lee Might
Not Return to Middle-Earth". Cinematical. Archived from the original
on 14 July 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
Christopher Lee Talks
Saruman in The Hobbit: An Unexpected
Journey". Movie Web. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 20 December
Johnny Depp Retirement Saddens Christopher Lee". Movie Web. 10
August 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
^ "New clip from the DC comics villains documentary Necessary Evil,
narrated by Christopher Lee!". JoBlo.com. 22 October 2013. Retrieved
31 December 2013.
^ "How to be Sherlock Holmes: The Many Faces of a Master Detective".
BBC. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
^ "Web exclusive:
Christopher Lee reads The Final Problem".
23 December 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
^ Shah, Yagana (19 March 2014). "PSA Reminds Us To Love Later Life And
Embrace Aging". JoBlo.com. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
^ Ben Child (19 May 2015). "
Christopher Lee and
Uma Thurman attached
to 9/11 drama set in Denmark". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 May
^ Michael Rosser (11 June 2015). "
Christopher Lee dies aged 93=Screen
International". Retrieved 17 October 2016.
^ "Regent Street Cinema Listings". 12 October 2016. Retrieved 17
^ Christopher Lee's last words in the film Angels in Notting Hill.
Michael Pakleppa. 17 May 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
^ a b c "Extensive biography at Tiscali UK". Tiscali.co.uk. Archived
from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
^ *Valhalla on IMDb
The Last Unicorn on IMDb
^ The Green Man review website. Retrieved 3 June 2006.
^ The EA Games website, URL accessed 2 May 2006. Archived 14 March
2006 at the Wayback Machine.
BBC Radio 4 website, URL accessed 12 July 2016.
^ Lindsay, Cam (1 September 2003). "The Wicker Man soundtrack". Stylus
Magazine. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 5
November 2011. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
^ Steve Anderson. ""Funny Man" DVD Review". Archived from the original
on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
^ "Battle Hymns 2011 – Born To Live Forevermore". Manowar.com. 4
November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 November 2010.
Retrieved 4 November 2010.
^ "Video clip at christopherleeweb.com". Web.archive.org. 11 October
2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 15
^ YouTube. youtube.com.
Christopher Lee Is Metal!". Dreadcentral.com. 15 March 2010.
Retrieved 4 October 2010.
^ Blabbermouth Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved
1 January 2010.
^ "Christopher Lee: 'The Bloody Verdict of Verden' Music Video" on
YouTube, 8 June 2012
Christopher Lee Celebrates 90th Birthday by Releasing Heavy
Metal Work on YouTube
^ "Have a heavy metal Christmas with Christopher Lee". Metro.com. 20
December 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
^ "If Christopher Lee's Christmas rock anthem Jingle Hell doesn't make
you feel festive nothing will". Metro.com. 14 December 2013. Retrieved
15 December 2013.
^ "CHRISTOPHER LEE Lands On Billboard Hot Singles Sales Chart With
Heavy Metal Take On 'Jingle Bells'". Blabbermouth. 25 December 2013.
Retrieved 31 December 2013.
^ "'DRACULA' ICON CHRISTOPHER LEE BECOMES OLDEST MUSICIAN TO CHART ON
BILLBOARD AT 91 YEARS OLD". Loudwire. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 31
Christopher Lee makes heavy metal Don Quixote".
BBC News. 27 May
2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
Christopher Lee Celebrates 92nd Birthday With Release of 'Metal
Knight' EP". Loudwire. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
Christopher Lee Delivers Heavy Metal Don Quixote". Billboard. 27 May
2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
^ "92-Year-Old Actor
Christopher Lee Offers Metal Christmas Song
'Darkest Carols, Faithful Sing'". Loudwire. 9 December 2014. Retrieved
9 December 2014.
^ "Legendary Actor CHRISTOPHER LEE Releases New Heavy Metal Single
'Darkest Carols, Faithful Sing'". Blabbermouth. 9 December 2014.
Retrieved 9 December 2014.
^ "See Johnny Depp, Alice Cooper, Joe Perry Jam With Rock Royalty".
Rolling Stone. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
^ a b Christopher Lee, 'Lord of Misrule'.
^ Lee 2003, p. 181.
^ Lee 2003, p. 182-183.
^ a b Lee 2003, p. 184.
^ Lee 2003, p. 185-186.
^ Lee 2003, p. 196-198.
^ Lee 2003, p. 199.
^ Prepolec, Charles (27 July 2001). "To the Bride and Groom!".
Christopher Lee Web. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013.
Retrieved 4 May 2012.
^ "Stuck on you. Horror star flies into Notts". BBC. 31 July 2001.
Retrieved 20 December 2012.
^ Cartner-Morley, Jess; Mirren, Helen; Huffington, Arianna; Amos,
Valerie (28 March 2013). "The 50 best-dressed over 50s". The Guardian.
^ "Christopher Lee: You Ask The Questions – Profiles, People". The
Independent. 11 February 2009. Archived from the original on 25
September 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
Christopher Lee discusses rumours of his extensive occult
library ... on YouTube, in appearance at University College
Dublin 8 November 2011
Sir Christopher Lee: Screen legend dies aged 93'.
BBC News. Published 12 June 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
Christopher Lee dead: Legendary actor passes away at the age of
93". Independent. 11 June 2015.
^ a b *"
Christopher Lee dies at the age of 93". Guardian. 11 June
Christopher Lee dies at 93 – latest reaction and tributes". The
Telegraph. 11 June 2015.
^ Christopher Lee: readers' tributes and memories.
The Guardian [online]. Published 12 June 2015. Retrieved 22 March
Author - Tom Stevens.
Christopher Lee tributes led by Peter Jackson.
The Guardian [online]. Published 12 June 2015. Retrieved 22 March
Author - Ben Child.
Christopher Lee dead: Lord of the Rings co-star
Ian McKellen pays
tribute to on-screen rival.
The Independent [online]. Published 12 June 2015. Retrieved 22 March
Author - Kashmira Gander.
Sir Christopher Lee: tributes to 'titan of cinema'.
BBC News [online]. Published 11 June 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
Christopher Lee honoured in Oscars ceremony.
The Guardian [online]. Published 29 February 2016. Retrieved 22 March
Author - Benjamin Lee.
^ "Christopher Lee: This Is Your Life.
BBC 1977". YouTube. Retrieved
30 September 2017.
^ "No. 54652". The
London Gazette. 16 January 1997. p. 595.
^ "No. 56237". The
London Gazette (Supplement). 16 June 2001.
^ British Honours, 16 June 2001.
^ "No. 59090". The
London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 2009.
^ *Veteran horror actor Lee knighted 13 June 2009. BBC.
UK Honours List 12 June 2009, BBC.
Christopher Lee is knighted" on YouTube
Christopher Lee receives the insgnia of Commandeur de l'Ordre
des Arts et des Lettres Embassy of France in the UK.
^ In brief:
Christopher Lee 'most bankable' star. The Guardian.
Retrieved 26 April 2006.
Christopher Lee to receive Bafta Fellowship".
BBC News. 8 February
2011. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
Christopher Lee honoured by UCD". RTÉ Ten. 9 November
2011.Archived 10 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
Byrne, Luke. "Fangs for the memories as legend Lee honoured". Irish
Independent. 9 November 2011.
^ Duncan, Pamela. "Lee receives
Bram Stoker award". The Irish Times. 9
^ William Addams Reitwiesner (2010). "The Ancestors and Relatives of
William Addams Reitwiesner". Retrieved 7 September 2014.
Charlemagne Music Samples
Christopher Lee – Official Website".
Christopherleeweb.com. Archived from the original on 19 September
2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
Russ Jones (ed.), Christopher Lee's Treasury of Terror, illustrated by
Mort Drucker & others, Pyramid Books, 1966
Christopher Lee's New Chamber of Horrors, London: Souvenir Press, 1974
Christopher Lee's Archives of Terror, Warner Books, Volume I, 1975;
Volume 2, 1976
Tall, Dark and Gruesome (autobiography), W.H. Allen, 1977 and 1997
Marcus Hearn and Alan Barnes, The Hammer Story: The Authorised History
of Hammer Films, Titan Books, 1997 and 2007 – Foreword by
Jonathan Rigby, Christopher Lee: The Authorised Screen History,
Reynolds & Hearn, 2001 and 2003
Chris Smith, The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare,
HarperCollins, 2003 – Foreword by Christopher Lee
Lee, Christopher (2003) . Lord of Misrule: The Autobiography of
Christopher Lee. London: Orion Publishing Group.
Nicolas Stanzick, Dans les griffes de la Hammer, Paris: Le Bord de
l'eau Editions, 2010.
Sir Christopher Lee, Paris: Nouveau Monde Éditions,
Monsters in the Movies: 100 Years of Cinematic Nightmares, by John
Landis, DK Publishing, 2011 – Interview with Christopher Lee
Le Seigneur du désordre (autobiography, a French version of Lord of
Misrule), Christopher Lee, Camion Blanc (Coll. "Camion Noir"), 2013.
United Kingdom portal
World War II
World War II portal
Star Wars portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Christopher Lee.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee on IMDb
Christopher Lee at the TCM Movie Database
Christopher Lee at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
Christopher Lee at AllMovie
Walker, Tim (31 May 2006). "Never Be Terrible In A Terrible Movie".
The Spectator. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015.
Retrieved 17 December 2015.
Lindrea, Victoria (11 October 2004). "
Christopher Lee on the making of
BBC News. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
Guardian Unlimited Profile
Christopher Lee's appearance on This Is Your Life
Christopher Lee at Find a Grave
Rhapsody of Fire
Roberto De Micheli
Legendary Tales (1997)
Symphony of Enchanted Lands
Symphony of Enchanted Lands (1998)
Dawn of Victory
Dawn of Victory (2000)
Rain of a Thousand Flames
Rain of a Thousand Flames (2001)
Power of the Dragonflame
Power of the Dragonflame (2002)
Symphony of Enchanted Lands II – The Dark Secret
Symphony of Enchanted Lands II – The Dark Secret (2004)
Triumph or Agony
Triumph or Agony (2006)
The Frozen Tears of Angels
The Frozen Tears of Angels (2010)
From Chaos to Eternity
From Chaos to Eternity (2011)
Dark Wings of Steel
Dark Wings of Steel (2013)
Into the Legend
Into the Legend (2016)
The Dark Secret
The Dark Secret (2004)
The Cold Embrace of Fear – A Dark Romantic Symphony
The Cold Embrace of Fear – A Dark Romantic Symphony (2010)
Live in Canada 2005:
The Dark Secret
The Dark Secret (2006)
From Chaos to Eternity
From Chaos to Eternity (2013)
Live in Atlanta (2014)
Tales from the Emerald Sword Saga
Tales from the Emerald Sword Saga (2004)
Legendary Years (2017)
"Emerald Sword" (1998)
"Holy Thunderforce" (2000)
"Unholy Warcry" (2004)
"The Magic of the Wizard's Dream" (2005)
"A New Saga Begins" (2006)
"Silent Dream" (2007)
"Reign of Terror" (2010)
"Aeons of Raging Darkness" (2011)
"Shining Star" (2015)
"When Demons Awake" (Remaster) (2017)
"Land of Immortals" (Remaster) (2017)
"Knightrider of Doom" (Remaster) (2017)
Eternal Glory (1995)
The Emerald Sword Saga
The Dark Secret
The Dark Secret Saga
Luca Turilli Band
Luca Turilli's Dreamquest
Luca Turilli's Rhapsody
20th Anniversary Farewell Tour
Awards for Christopher Lee
BAFTA Fellowship recipients
Alfred Hitchcock (1971)
Freddie Young (1972)
Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973)
David Lean (1974)
Jacques Cousteau (1975)
Charlie Chaplin (1976)
Laurence Olivier (1976)
Denis Forman (1977)
Fred Zinnemann (1978)
Lew Grade (1979)
Huw Wheldon (1979)
David Attenborough (1980)
John Huston (1980)
Abel Gance (1981)
Michael Powell &
Emeric Pressburger (1981)
Andrzej Wajda (1982)
Richard Attenborough (1983)
Hugh Greene (1984)
Sam Spiegel (1984)
Jeremy Isaacs (1985)
Steven Spielberg (1986)
Federico Fellini (1987)
Ingmar Bergman (1988)
Alec Guinness (1989)
Paul Fox (1990)
Louis Malle (1991)
John Gielgud (1992)
David Plowright (1992)
Sydney Samuelson (1993)
Colin Young (1993)
Michael Grade (1994)
Billy Wilder (1995)
Jeanne Moreau (1996)
Ronald Neame (1996)
John Schlesinger (1996)
Maggie Smith (1996)
Woody Allen (1997)
Steven Bochco (1997)
Julie Christie (1997)
Oswald Morris (1997)
Harold Pinter (1997)
David Rose (1997)
Sean Connery (1998)
Bill Cotton (1998)
Eric Morecambe &
Ernie Wise (1999)
Elizabeth Taylor (1999)
Michael Caine (2000)
Stanley Kubrick (2000)
Peter Bazalgette (2000)
Albert Finney (2001)
John Thaw (2001)
Judi Dench (2001)
Warren Beatty (2002)
Merchant Ivory Productions (2002)
Andrew Davies (2002)
John Mills (2002)
Saul Zaentz (2003)
David Jason (2003)
John Boorman (2004)
Roger Graef (2004)
John Barry (2005)
David Frost (2005)
David Puttnam (2006)
Ken Loach (2006)
Anne V. Coates (2007)
Richard Curtis (2007)
Will Wright (2007)
Anthony Hopkins (2008)
Bruce Forsyth (2008)
Dawn French &
Jennifer Saunders (2009)
Terry Gilliam (2009)
Nolan Bushnell (2009)
Vanessa Redgrave (2010)
Shigeru Miyamoto (2010)
Melvyn Bragg (2010)
Christopher Lee (2011)
Peter Molyneux (2011)
Trevor McDonald (2011)
Martin Scorsese (2012)
Rolf Harris (2012)
Alan Parker (2013)
Gabe Newell (2013)
Michael Palin (2013)
Helen Mirren (2014)
Rockstar Games (2014)
Julie Walters (2014)
Mike Leigh (2015)
David Braben (2015)
Jon Snow (2015)
Sidney Poitier (2016)
John Carmack (2016)
Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016)
Mel Brooks (2017)
Joanna Lumley (2017)
Ridley Scott (2018)
MTV Movie Award for Best Fight
Adam Sandler vs.
Bob Barker –
Happy Gilmore (1996)
Fairuza Balk vs.
Robin Tunney – The Craft (1997)
Will Smith vs. Cockroach – Men in Black (1998)
Ben Stiller vs. Puffy the Dog –
There's Something About Mary
There's Something About Mary (1999)
Keanu Reeves vs.
Laurence Fishburne –
The Matrix (2000)
Zhang Ziyi vs. Entire bar –
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2001)
Jackie Chan and
Chris Tucker vs. Hong Kong gang –
Rush Hour 2
Rush Hour 2 (2002)
Christopher Lee – Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the
Uma Thurman vs.
Chiaki Kuriyama – Kill Bill: Volume 1 (2004)
Uma Thurman vs.
Daryl Hannah – Kill Bill: Volume 2 (2005)
Angelina Jolie vs.
Brad Pitt – Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2006)
Gerard Butler vs.
Robert Maillet – 300 (2007)
Sean Faris vs.
Cam Gigandet –
Never Back Down
Never Back Down (2008)
Robert Pattinson vs.
Cam Gigandet – Twilight (2009)
Beyoncé Knowles vs.
Ali Larter – Obsessed (2010)
Robert Pattinson vs.
Bryce Dallas Howard
Bryce Dallas Howard and
Xavier Samuel – The
Twilight Saga: Eclipse (2011)
Jennifer Lawrence and
Josh Hutcherson vs.
Alexander Ludwig – The
Hunger Games (2012)
Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Hemsworth,
Scarlett Johansson and
Jeremy Renner vs.
Tom Hiddleston – The
Orlando Bloom and
Evangeline Lilly vs. Orcs – The Hobbit: The
Desolation of Smaug (2014)
Dylan O'Brien vs.
Will Poulter –
The Maze Runner
The Maze Runner (2015)
Ryan Reynolds vs.
Ed Skrein - Deadpool (2016)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2284 3808
BNF: cb12213529t (data)