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Ceto
Ceto
(/ˈsiːtoʊ/; Ancient Greek: Κητώ, Kētō, "sea monster"), is a primordial sea goddess in Greek mythology, the daughter of Gaia and Pontus. As a mythological figure, she is most notable for bearing by Phorcys
Phorcys
a host of monstrous children. The small solar system body 65489 Ceto
65489 Ceto
was named after her, and its satellite after Phorcys. Ceto
Ceto
was also variously called Crataeis[citation needed] (Κράταιις, Krataiis, from κραταιίς "mighty") and Trienus[citation needed] (Τρίενος, Trienos, from τρίενος "within three years"), and was occasionally conflated by scholars with the goddess Hecate
Hecate
(for whom Crataeis and Trienus are also epithets). This goddess should not be confused with the minor Oceanid
Oceanid
also named Ceto, or with various mythological beings referred to as ketos (plural ketea); this is a general term for "sea monster" in Ancient Greek.[1]

Contents

1 Ceto
Ceto
in ancient texts 2 Genealogy 3 Ceto
Ceto
in popular culture 4 References 5 External links

Ceto
Ceto
in ancient texts[edit]

The goddess Ceto
Ceto
aiding her father Pontus in the mythological war known as the Gigantomachy
Gigantomachy
— c. 166–156 BC — Gigantomachy
Gigantomachy
Frieze, Pergamon Altar
Pergamon Altar
of Zeus

Hesiod's Theogony
Theogony
lists the children of Phorcys
Phorcys
and Ceto
Ceto
as Echidna, The Gorgons
The Gorgons
(Euryale, Stheno, and the infamous Medusa), The Graeae (Deino, Enyo, Pemphredo, and sometimes Perso), and Ladon, also called the Drakon Hesperios ("Hesperian Dragon", or dragon of the Hesperides). These children tend to be consistent across sources, though Ladon is sometimes cited as a child of Echidna by Typhon
Typhon
and therefore Phorcys
Phorcys
and Ceto's grandson. The Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius cites Phorcys
Phorcys
and Ceto
Ceto
as the parents of the Hesperides, but this assertion is not repeated in other ancient sources. Homer
Homer
refers to Thoosa, the mother of Polyphemus
Polyphemus
in The Odyssey, as a daughter of Phorcys, but does not indicate whether Ceto
Ceto
is her mother. Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
mentions worship of "storied Ceto" at Joppa (now Jaffa), in a single reference, immediately after his mention of Andromeda, whom Perseus
Perseus
rescued from a sea-monster. S. Safrai and M. Stern suggest the possibility that someone at Joppa established a cult of the monster under the name Ceto. As an alternative explanation, they posit that Pliny or his source misread the name cetus — or that of the Syrian goddess Derceto.[2] Genealogy[edit] Main article: Greek sea gods

Gaia

Pontus

Thalassa

Nereus

Thaumas

Phorcys

Ceto

Eurybia

The Telchines

Halia

Aphrodite
Aphrodite
[3]

Echidna

The Gorgons[4]

Graeae

Ladon

The Hesperides

Thoösa

Ceto
Ceto
in popular culture[edit] Ceto
Ceto
appears in Rick Riordan's book The Mark of Athena, where she and her brother-husband Phorcys
Phorcys
run an aquarium featuring shows by sea monsters and other underwater mythological creatures called "Death in the Deep Seas" (sponsored by Monster Donut) out of the Georgia Aquarium. Percy Jackson
Percy Jackson
and Frank Zhang, both descended from Poseidon, are imprisoned by Phorcys. They are rescued by the satyr Coach Gleeson Hedge, who kicks Ceto
Ceto
in the head and rescues Percy and Frank. This angers Ceto
Ceto
who sends a Skolopendra to attack their ship the Argo II, but it is defeated by the Ichthyocentaurs
Ichthyocentaurs
who promise to defeat Ceto and Phorcys. References[edit]

^ "κῆτος" in Liddell, Henry and Robert Scott. 1996. A Greek-English Lexicon. Revised by H.S. Jones and R. McKenzie. Ninth edition, with revised supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ^ Colitur illic fabulosa Ceto. Pliny, Book 5, chapter 14, §69; this same paragraph will be referred to as v.14, v.69, V.xiv.69; and v.13 (one of the chapter divisions is missing in some MSS). For Ceto
Ceto
as a transferred name, see Rackham's Loeb translation; for emendations, see The Jewish people in the first century. Historical geography, political history, social, cultural and religious life and institutions. Ed. by S. Safrai and M. Stern in co-operation with D. Flusser and W. C. van Unnik, Vol II, p. 1081, and Oldfather's translation of Pliny (Derceto). ^ There are two major conflicting stories for Aphrodite's origins: Hesiod
Hesiod
(Theogony) claims that she was "born" from the foam of the sea after Cronus castrated Uranus, thus making her Uranus' daughter; but Homer
Homer
(Iliad, book V) has Aphrodite
Aphrodite
as daughter of Zeus and Dione. According to Plato
Plato
(Symposium 180e), the two were entirely separate entities: Aphrodite
Aphrodite
Ourania and Aphrodite
Aphrodite
Pandemos. ^ Most sources describe Medusa as the daughter of Phorcys
Phorcys
and Ceto, though the author Hyginus ( Fabulae Preface) makes Medusa the daughter of Gorgon
Gorgon
and Ceto.

External links[edit]

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