CETO or KETO (
Ancient Greek : Κητώ, Kētō, "sea monster "), is a
primordial sea goddess in
Greek mythology , the daughter of Gaia and
Ceto was also variously called CRATAEIS (Κράταιις,
Krataiis, from κραταιίς "mighty") and TRIENUS (Τρίενος,
Trienos, from τρίενος "within three years"), and was
occasionally conflated by scholars with the goddess
Hecate (for whom
Trienus and Crataeis are also epithets ). As a mythological figure,
she is most notable for bearing by
Phorcys a host of monstrous
children. The small solar system body
65489 Ceto was named after her,
and its satellite after Phorcys.
This goddess should not be confused with the minor
Oceanid also named
Ceto, or with various mythological beings referred to as ketos (plural
ketea); this is a general term for "sea monster" in Ancient Greek.
Ceto in ancient texts
* 2 Family Tree
Ceto in popular culture
* 4 References
* 5 External links
CETO IN ANCIENT TEXTS
Ceto aiding her father Pontus in the mythological
war known as the
Gigantomachy — c. 166–156 BC — Gigantomachy
Pergamon Altar of Zeus
Theogony lists the children of
Ceto as Echidna
The Gorgons (
Stheno , and the infamous Medusa ), The
Deino , Enyo ,
Pemphredo , and sometimes Perso ), and Ladon ,
also called the Drakon Hesperios ("Hesperian Dragon", or dragon of the
Hesperides). These children tend to be consistent across sources,
though Ladon is sometimes cited as a child of Echidna by
Phorcys and Ceto's grandson.
The Scholiast on
Apollonius Rhodius cites
Ceto as the
parents of the
Hesperides , but this assertion is not repeated in
other ancient sources.
Homer refers to
Thoosa , the mother of
Polyphemus in The
Odyssey , as
a daughter of Phorcys, but does not indicate whether
Ceto is her
Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder mentions worship of "storied Ceto" at Joppa (now
Jaffa ), in a single reference, immediately after his mention of
Andromeda , whom
Perseus rescued from a sea-monster. S. Safrai and M.
Stern suggest the possibility that someone at Joppa established a cult
of the monster under the name Ceto. As an alternative explanation,
they posit that Pliny or his source misread the name cetus — or that
of the Syrian goddess
Greek sea gods
CETO IN POPULAR CULTURE
Ceto appears in
Rick Riordan 's book
The Mark of Athena , where she
and her brother-husband
Phorcys run an aquarium featuring shows by sea
monsters and other underwater mythological creatures called "Death in
the Deep Seas" (sponsored by Monster Donut) out of the Georgia
Percy Jackson and Frank Zhang, both descended from Poseidon
, are imprisoned by Phorcys. They are rescued by the satyr Coach
Gleeson Hedge, who kicks
Ceto in the head and rescues Percy and Frank.
Ceto who sends a Skolopendra to attack their ship the Argo
II, but it is defeated by the
Ichthyocentaurs who promise to defeat
Ceto and Phorcys.
* ^ "κῆτος" in Liddell, Henry and Robert Scott. 1996. A
Greek-English Lexicon. Revised by H.S. Jones and R. McKenzie. Ninth
edition, with revised supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
* ^ Colitur illic fabulosa Ceto. Pliny, Book 5, chapter 14, §69;
this same paragraph will be referred to as v.14, v.69, V.xiv.69; and
v.13 (one of the chapter divisions is missing in some MSS). For Ceto
as a transferred name, see Rackham's Loeb translation; for
emendations, see The Jewish people in the first century. Historical
geography, political history, social, cultural and religious life and
institutions. Ed. by S. Safrai and M. Stern in co-operation with D.
Flusser and W. C. van Unnik, Vol II, p. 1081, and Oldfather's
translation of Pliny (Derceto).
* ^ There are two major conflicting stories for Aphrodite's
Theogony ) claims that she was "born" from the foam
of the sea after Cronus castrated Uranus, thus making her Uranus'
Iliad , book V) has
Aphrodite as daughter of Zeus
and Dione. According to
Plato (Symposium 180e), the two were entirely
Aphrodite Ourania and
Aphrodite Pandemos .
* ^ Most sources describe Medusa as the daughter of
Ceto, though the author
Fabulae Preface) makes Medusa the
Gorgon and Ceto.
* Theoi Project - Keto