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CenturyLink, Inc. is an American telecommunications company, headquartered in Monroe, Louisiana, that provides communications and data services to residential, business, governmental, and wholesale customers in 37 states.[4] A member of the S&P 500 index, the company operates as a local exchange carrier and Internet
Internet
access provider in U.S. markets and is the third-largest telecommunications company in the United States
United States
in terms of lines served, behind AT&T and Verizon.[5] It also provides long distance service.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Central Telephone and Electronics 1.2 Century Telephone Enterprises 1.3 CenturyTel 1.4 Acquisition of Embarq 1.5 Name change to CenturyLink 1.6 Acquisition of Qwest 1.7 Acquisition of Savvis 1.8 Acquisition of AppFog 1.9 Acquisition of Tier 3 1.10 Acquisition of DataGardens 1.11 Acquisition of Cognilytics 1.12 Acquisition of netAura 1.13 Acquisition of SEAL Consulting 1.14 Acquisition of Level 3

2 Services offered

2.1 Availability by state 2.2 Television

2.2.1 Television markets

2.3 Fiber

2.3.1 Gigabit Fiber markets

2.4 Data centers

3 Organizational structure 4 Naming rights and sponsorships

4.1 Venues 4.2 Sponsorships

5 Criticism and controversy 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

A view of the CenturyLink
CenturyLink
corporate headquarters from 2011

The earliest predecessor of CenturyLink
CenturyLink
was the Oak Ridge Telephone Company in Oak Ridge, Louisiana, which was owned by F. E. Hogan, Sr. In 1930, Hogan sold the company, with 75 paid subscribers, to William Clarke and Marie Williams, for $500. They moved the switchboard to the Williams family front parlor. In 1946, the Williams' son, Clarke McRae Williams, received ownership of the family's telephone company as a wedding gift.[1] In 1947, Clarke Williams learned the telephone company in Marion, Louisiana
Louisiana
was for sale. With a loan from business associate Joe Sydney Carter, Clarke purchased the Marion Telephone Company and eventually made it his base of operation as he grew his company through more acquisitions. CenturyLink
CenturyLink
still maintains offices in the former headquarters building.[6] The company remained as a family-operated business until it became incorporated in 1968.[1][7] Central Telephone and Electronics[edit] By 1967, Oak Ridge Telephone Company served three states with 10,000 access lines. That year, the company was incorporated as Central Telephone and Electronics. Clarke M. Williams served as president and chairman of the board.[1] Between 1972 and 1975, Clarke gradually moved his headquarters from Marion to Monroe, Louisiana, to access the larger employee base and to be near the airport. Century Telephone Enterprises[edit]

Century Telephone logo

In 1971, the company was renamed as Century Telephone Enterprises, Inc.[1][7] In 1972, Century Telephone acquired the La Crosse
La Crosse
Telephone Corporation, of Wisconsin.[1] On October 24, 1978, Century Telephone moved to the New York Stock Exchange for the first time and began to trade under the ticker symbol CTL.[1] Century Telephone performed well during the long bear market of the 1970s, as its stock rose over fourfold. The company provided telephone service in parts of 14 states by that time.[8] In 1981, Century Telephone acquired War Telephone in West Virginia.[citation needed] In 1982, Century Telephone's earnings peaked at $14 million, then declined in 1983 following the early 1980s recession, and finally began to recover in 1984. However, the 1983 decline led to a loss of half the value of the company's stock in 1984.[8] In 1985, both earnings and the stock price had recovered to new record highs. But by then, the company had accumulated $206 million in long-term debt.[8] Century Telephone sold the operations of War Telephone and two other companies to Colonial Telephone for $4.66 million.[9] In 1987, the stock price nearly doubled from its low that year, and from its old 1982 record high, before falling back by a third in the 1987 stock market crash. Earnings had steadily grown each year from their 1983 low, and by 1987 reached nearly US$20 million.[8] In 1989, Century Telephone Enterprises acquired Universal Telephone, Inc. for US$90 million in cash.[1] During the late 1980s the company began a long trend in which it performed extremely well. The stock split three-for-two twice in this period, as earnings steadily grew, through the 1990-1991 recession, and by year-end 1991, they reached nearly US$40 million, double from what they had been in 1987.[8] In 1992, Century Telephone acquired Central Telephone Company of Ohio, a Centel
Centel
subsidiary, for $135 million. The acquisition served more than 65,000 access lines, and added 20% to Century's access line total. Also that year Glen F. Post III became Chief Executive Officer and, named Vice Chairman
Chairman
of the Board of Century Telephone.[1] In 1993, Century Telephone revenues were over $425 million, up from about $350 million in 1992. 1993 earnings were nearly $80 million, up from about $70 million in 1992, excluding a nearly $16 million charge in 1992 due to the cumulative effect from an accounting change that year.[8][10] Also in 1993 the company split its stock three-for-two yet again. However, by that time, the company had accumulated nearly $520 million in long-term debt.[8] By 1995, Century Telephone Enterprises had been added to the S&P MidCap 400 index. Earnings had continued their steady growth trend through the 1994 economic soft landing, and by 1995 they reached over US$115 million. But the long-term debt continued to grow as well, reaching US$623 million that year.[8] In 1997, Century Telephone acquired Delta Security Alarm Co., Inc. of Monroe, Louisiana, and its largest acquisition up until that time, Pacific Telecom, doubling its size with 660,000 additional telephone access lines in 12 states.[1] Pacific Telecom, Inc., would continue existence and was renamed CenturyTel of the Northwest, Inc. In 1998, Century Telephone split its stock three-for-two once again. The company acquired another Monroe, Louisiana
Monroe, Louisiana
security company, Century Protection Systems, and also acquired 89,000 access lines and 19 exchanges in 21 northern Wisconsin
Wisconsin
communities from Ameritech. The affected customers had formerly been served by Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Bell. Ameritech's directory publishing operations serving those customers were also acquired.[11] CenturyTel[edit]

Former CenturyTel logo used by the company prior to becoming CenturyLink

CenturyTel office, Ann Arbor, Michigan

In 1999, the company was renamed as CenturyTel, Inc.[12] It split its stock three-for-two once more, and was added to the Standard & Poor's 500 Index that year.[1] In 2000, CenturyTel acquired 230,500 GTE
GTE
lines in Arkansas, and also bought 127,000 GTE
GTE
lines in Missouri
Missouri
in partnership with Spectra Communications.[13][14] In Wisconsin, it acquired 133,000 additional lines, and 70,500 access lines for US$195 million from Verizon. That year CenturyTel also bought 62,650 lines for US$170 million in partnership with Telephone USA of Wisconsin, LLC.[15] In 2001, CenturyTel acquired CSW Net, Inc. of Russellville, Arkansas, and fended off a hostile take-over attempt by ALLTEL, Inc.[16][17] In 2002, the son of the company's original founder and Chairman
Chairman
of the Board Clarke M. Williams died. He was succeeded by then Vice Chairman Glen F. Post III. The company sold its wireless business to ALLTEL, to become a pure-play rural local exchange carrier. Also that year CenturyTel acquired 300,000 Verizon
Verizon
access lines in Alabama, and 354,000 Verizon
Verizon
access lines in Missouri, bringing its total operations to 22 states with 2.5 million access lines.[18] In 2003, CenturyTel acquired half ownership of SkyComm International, Inc. in Houston, Texas, in March, to form a satellite teleport for its global Network Access Point (NAP) system. In June, CenturyTel also acquired the fiber network of Digital Teleport, Inc., a 5,700-mile (9,200 km) route running from Illinois
Illinois
to Texas, and adjoining states.[19] CenturyTel renamed the network company LightCore.[20] Closing out the year, in December CenturyTel acquired the Midwest Fiber Optic Network (MFON) from Level 3 Communications, Inc. in December, a stand-alone system in the same core central states as LightCore.[1] In August 2004, it partnered with EchoStar Communications
EchoStar Communications
Corporation for DISH Network
DISH Network
multi-channel digital TV.[21] In September, CenturyTel began a relationship with Cingular Wireless.[22] In 2005, CenturyTel began a wireless voice and data service, and bought a number of fiber networks in the central United States, from KMC Telecom Holdings, Inc.[23] In 2006, CenturyTel sold its Arizona
Arizona
assets to Hopi Telecommunications, Inc., bringing total operations to 23 states.[1] In May 2007, CenturyTel acquired Madison River Communications, based out of Mebane, NC and parent company to four LECs (AL, GA, IL, and NC) as well as CLEC operations in IL, LA, and NC. The LECs included Mebtel Communications, a telephone company serving Alamance County, North Carolina;[24][25] GulfTel Communications, based out of Foley, AL and serving Baldwin and surrounding counties;[26][27] Coastal Communications, based out of Hinesville, GA; and Gallatin River Communications, serving the Dixon, Galesburg, and Pekin areas of IL. In late 2007, the Customer Respect Group, an international research and consulting firm that focuses on how corporations treat their online customers, ranked CenturyTel the best among six leading communications providers. Acquisition of Embarq[edit]

CenturyLink's combined coverage following Embarq
Embarq
acquisition. Dark fiber and lit fiber assets are shown

On October 27, 2008, Embarq
Embarq
announced that it would be acquired by CenturyTel, Inc. in an all-stock transaction valued at about $6 billion.[28][29] CenturyTel's CEO Glen Post would remain CEO of the merged company following the acquisition,[30] and remained CEO as of 2015.[31] Embarq
Embarq
was the former landline business of Sprint and served cities in 18 states, including Nevada, Florida, North Carolina
North Carolina
and Ohio.[32] The deal made CenturyTel the third-largest landline phone provider in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
behind Verizon
Verizon
(through both Verizon Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and Verizon
Verizon
North) and Comcast. Name change to CenturyLink[edit] On June 2, 2009, a press release announced that the combined CenturyTel/ Embarq
Embarq
entity would be called CenturyLink.[33] Denver-based Monigle Associates was retained to formulate the new brand strategy. The acquisition was completed on July 1, 2009.[34] On October 19, 2009, CenturyTel and Embarq
Embarq
brandings were retired, and all business was officially conducted under the CenturyLink
CenturyLink
banner, continuing to trade on the NYSE under the CenturyTel stock ticker CTL. The new corporate name, CenturyLink, Inc., did not become official until May 2010.[35][29] Acquisition of Qwest[edit]

Network map of combined Qwest
Qwest
and CenturyLink
CenturyLink
assets

On April 22, 2010, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
(at this point still legally known as CenturyTel, Inc.) announced it would acquire Qwest
Qwest
in a stock-for-stock transaction.[36] Under the agreement, CenturyLink would swap 0.1664 of its shares for each share of Qwest; as a result, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
shareholders prior to the merger wound up with 50.5% share of ownership in the combined company, while former Qwest
Qwest
shareholders gained the remaining 49.5%.[37] The valuation of CenturyLink's purchase was $12 billion.[28] The merger was completed on April 1, 2011.[38][39] The addition of Qwest
Qwest
allowed CenturyLink
CenturyLink
to become the third largest telecommunications company in the United States, and the largest landline phone provider in the state of Colorado.[31] The new company has 17 million access lines, 5 million broadband customers, and 1.4 million video subscribers across 37 states.[40] The merger also made CenturyLink
CenturyLink
owner of one of the so-called Baby Bells: Qwest
Qwest
included what was once US West, the Baby Bell for much of the western United States. Acquisition of Savvis[edit] On July 15, 2011,[32] CenturyLink
CenturyLink
acquired Savvis, Inc., a global provider of cloud infrastructure and hosted IT solutions for $2 billion, which represented all outstanding shares of Savvis
Savvis
common stock at $40 per share.[28][41] This acquisition allowed CenturyLink to provide expanded managed hosting and cloud services.[42] On December 4, 2012,[43] CenturyLink
CenturyLink
launched an integrated suite of cloud services called savvisdirect.[44] Savvisdirect was an expansion of CenturyLink’s portfolio of Savvis
Savvis
cloud services and includes cloud application hosting,[45] cloud servers,[46] cloud storage,[47] and private cloud[48] for small businesses, IT admins and developers. CenturyLink
CenturyLink
later shuttered the savvisdirect subsidiary, consolidating their cloud service offerings internally. On October 16, 2012 Savvis
Savvis
acquired to ITO Business Division of Ciber thereby adding managed services to the portfolio. Acquisition of AppFog[edit] On June 14, 2013, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the acquisition of AppFog, a Portland-based Platform as a Service used by over 100,000 developers to automate the deployment of software on public clouds such as Amazon Web Services and OpenStack.[49] Acquisition of Tier 3[edit] On November 19, 2013, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the acquisition of Tier 3, a Seattle-based infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform, and advanced cloud management company[50] based on Cloud Foundry.[51] Acquisition of DataGardens[edit] On December 8, 2014, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the acquisition of DataGardens, Inc., a Disaster Recovery as-a-Service (DRaaS) provider based in Edmondton, Alberta, Canada.[52] Acquisition of Cognilytics[edit] On December 11, 2014, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the acquisition of Cognilytics, a predictive analytics and big data solution provider.[53] Acquisition of netAura[edit] On March 30, 2016, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the acquisition of netAura, a security services company that focuses on cybersecurity, security information and event management (SIEM), analytics and vulnerability management.[54] Acquisition of SEAL Consulting[edit] On January 9, 2017, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the acquisition of Edison, New Jersey-based SEAL Consulting, a leading SAP solutions provider. This expanded CenturyLink’s existing integrated SAP capabilities of hosting and managed services to include integration and software implementation. [55] Acquisition of Level 3[edit] On October 31, 2016, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced its intent to acquire Level 3 Communications in a deal valued at around $25 billion.[56]. After securing the necessary regulatory approvals, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
closed the transaction on November 1, 2017.[57] Services offered[edit]

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
offices in Salt Lake City, Utah

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
offers voice and data communications, as well as television and home security services.[58] CenturyLink's local and long distance voice communications is POTS. CenturyLink's data communication is through DSL, Metro Ethernet, MPLS, ATM, and Frame Relay over fiber optics and copper DS-3 and T-1 lines. The company also offers bundling with Verizon
Verizon
Wireless.[59] Availability by state[edit]

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Availability Map by Zip Code

State Percentage of State's Population With Access to CenturyLink[60]

Colorado 91.8%

Utah 86.9%

Arizona 82.8%

New Mexico 75.7%

Wyoming 72%

Montana 69.6%

Nevada 68.5%

Washington 68.3%

Idaho 68.0%

Oregon 66.0%

Iowa 59.0%

South Dakota 54.7%

North Dakota 48.7%

Nebraska 47.1%

North Carolina 30.6%

Missouri 20.6%

Arkansas 20.4%

Florida 19.2%

Wisconsin 13.8%

Alabama 13.2%

Ohio 11.4%

Television[edit] Main article: Prism TV CenturyLink
CenturyLink
offers a fiber-optic based IPTV
IPTV
service named Prism TV in select markets.[61] In areas where Prism TV is not available, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
partners with DirecTV. CenturyLink
CenturyLink
formerly offered Dish Network bundles to their customers,[62] a remnant from the company's days before its acquisition of Qwest. In May 2014, CenturyLink reported that it had nearly 200,000 Prism TV subscribers.[63] Television markets[edit]

State Cities

Arizona Phoenix, Mesa, Scottsdale, Chandler, Queen Creek, San Tan Valley, Maricopa, and Gilbert[64]

Colorado Denver,[65] Colorado
Colorado
Springs,[66] and Highlands Ranch[67]

Florida Fort Myers, Orlando, Tallahassee, central and southwest Florida[68]

Iowa Council Bluffs [69]

Missouri Columbia, Jefferson City[70]

Nebraska Omaha[71]

Nevada Las Vegas[72]

North Carolina Fayetteville, Wake Forest, and central North Carolina[73]

Oregon Portland[74]

Washington Seattle[75]

Wisconsin La Crosse
La Crosse
[76]

Fiber[edit] CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Fiber is a fiber to the premises service in the United States, providing broadband Internet
Internet
and Prism TV to a small and very slowly growing number of locations. The service was first introduced to Omaha, Nebraska,[77] and next rolled out to Las Vegas, Nevada,[78] with plans for expansion to several other markets.[79] Unlike the company's existing high speed Internet
Internet
deployments, which utilize fiber-to the node/neighborhood to increase the speed of ADSL2+ speeds up to 20/2 Mbit/s, Vectored VDSL2+ speeds up to 140/10Mbit/s,[80] in these markets CenturyLink
CenturyLink
now installs their fiber optic cable all the way to the home or business with speeds up to 1,000 Mbit/s download and 1,000 Mbit/s upload[81] using Calix Optical Network Terminals.[82] On Feb. 2, 2014, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the availability of Gigabit fiber service to multi-tenant businesses in Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
and surrounding communities.[83] On Aug. 5, 2014, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the expansion of its gigabit fiber service to 16 additional markets.[84] On Sep, 15, 2015, CenturyLink
CenturyLink
announced the expansion of its gigabit fiber service to residential and business customers in six additional states, increasing the company's service coverage to select areas of 17 states.[85] Gigabit Fiber markets[edit]

State Cities Availability

Arizona Anthem, Chandler, Gilbert, Mesa, Peoria, Phoenix, Queen Creek, Scottsdale, Sun City, Surprise Residences and Businesses[86]

Arizona Tucson Businesses

Colorado Colorado
Colorado
Springs Residences and Businesses

Colorado Denver Residences and Businesses

Florida Orlando Residences and Businesses

Iowa Ankeny, Des Moines*, Clive*, Urbandale* Residence and Businesses

Minnesota Minneapolis, St. Paul Residences and Businesses

Missouri Columbia, Jefferson City Residences and Businesses

Nebraska Omaha Residences and Businesses

Nevada Las Vegas Residences and Businesses

New Mexico Albuquerque Businesses

North Carolina Angier, Clayton, Fuquay-Varina, Hillsborough**, Mebane**, Pittsboro, Roxboro**, Smithfield, Wake Forest Residences and Businesses[87]

Oregon Portland Residences and Businesses

South Dakota Sioux Falls Businesses

Utah Salt Lake City, Draper, Midvale, Sandy, South Jordan, West Jordan, Cottonwood Heights Multi-tenant Business Buildings[88]

Utah Salt Lake City, Bountiful[89] Residences and Businesses

Washington Seattle Residences and Businesses

Washington Spokane Businesses

Wisconsin La Crosse Residences and Businesses [90]

*Though not being advertised there are some people reporting fiber to the home in parts of Des Moines and surrounding metro, it is unknown when this upgrade will be marketed more widely or how many locations have direct FTTH. ** Citizens of these communities dispute this data. CenturyLink
CenturyLink
has provided fiber backbone to some areas, but most customers in these areas are not even served with basic broadband. The local broadband committee was unable to find any residential houses with fiber to the house. Centurylink continues to partner with Direct TV to bundle services, which could indicate a lack of faith in their own PRISM TV service. This, coupled with their delayed release of PRISM and its extremely slow growth casts Centurylink's foray into TV distribution as a failed experiment. Data centers[edit] On May 2, 2017 CenturyLink, Inc. completed the previously announced sale of its data centers and colocation business to funds advised by BC Partners, in a consortium including Medina Capital Advisors and Longview Asset
Asset
Management. The deal was worth approximately $1.86 billion with CenturyLink
CenturyLink
retaining an approximately 10% equity stake in the consortium's newly formed global secure infrastructure company, Cyxtera Technologies. Organizational structure[edit] The combined company's 37-state service area is organized into five regions and led by region presidents.[91] The region presidents are responsible for revenue, customer retention, customer satisfaction, and service delivery throughout their local markets.[92] The regions, region presidents, region headquarters locations, and states within each region are:

Region President Headquarters States

Eastern Region Kevin McCarter Apopka, FL Alabama, Florida. Georgia, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Midwest Region Duane Ring Minneapolis Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin

Central Region

Denver Arkansas, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas

Northwest Region Brian Stading Seattle Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming

Southwest Region Terry Beeler Phoenix Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah

Naming rights and sponsorships[edit] Venues[edit]

CenturyLink Arena Boise
CenturyLink Arena Boise
– Boise, Idaho
Idaho
(formerly Bank of America Centre and Qwest
Qwest
Arena) CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Center – Bossier City, Louisiana
Louisiana
(formerly Bossier City Arena and CenturyTel Center) CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Center Omaha
Omaha
– Omaha, Nebraska
Nebraska
(formerly Qwest
Qwest
Center) CenturyLink Field
CenturyLink Field
– Seattle, Washington (formerly Qwest
Qwest
Field) CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Sports Complex and Hammond Stadium
Hammond Stadium
- Fort Myers, Florida (Spring Training for Minnesota
Minnesota
Twins)

Sponsorships[edit]

Denver
Denver
Broncos[93] Colorado
Colorado
College Tigers[93] Orlando
Orlando
Magic[93] Creighton Bluejays[93] Idaho
Idaho
Steelheads[93] Minnesota
Minnesota
Twins[93] National Western Stock Show and Rodeo[93] Phoenix Mercury[93] Phoenix Suns[93] Seattle
Seattle
Seahawks[93] Utah
Utah
Jazz[93] Broadmoor World Arena[93] New Mexico
New Mexico
State Aggies[93] New Mexico
New Mexico
Mustangs[93]

Criticism and controversy[edit] The Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
ordered CenturyLink
CenturyLink
to pay a record $16 million for failing to alert authorities of a preventable programming error that left nearly 11 million people in seven states without access to emergency services for six hours in 2014.[94][95] See also[edit]

List of United States
United States
telephone companies

References[edit]

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CenturyLink
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CenturyLink
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CenturyLink
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Qwest
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CenturyLink
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Verizon
Wireless Service through CenturyLink". Centurylink.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
availability by state". HighSpeedInternet.com. Retrieved 2016-07-12.  ^ "Prism TV. See Why It's Better Than Cable. - CenturyLink". CenturyLink
CenturyLink
- Prism.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Partners With DIRECTV". 2010-08-05. Retrieved 2011-02-01.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Reports Strong First Quarter 2014 Results".  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
rolling out Prism TV in Chandler, Gilbert". Phoenix Business Journal. Retrieved 2013-05-22.  ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
receives franchise approval to expand Prism TV service into metro Denver".  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
starts offering its Prism TV in parts of county". The Gazette. Retrieved 2013-05-22.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Launches Prism TV in Highlands Ranch". CenturyLink Newsroom. Retrieved 2013-11-19.  ^ http://news.centurylink.com/index.php?s=43&item=2825 ^ "Prism TV. See Why It's Better Than Cable. - CenturyLink". CenturyLink
CenturyLink
- Prism.  ^ http://news.centurylink.com/index.php?s=43&item=2890 ^ "Omaha.com". Omaha.com.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
gives Prism™ TV customers anywhere access to live TV programming". FierceCable.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Offers New Functionality to Prism TV Users". 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2012-02-25.  ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
launches Prism™ TV in Portland".  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
takes on Comcast
Comcast
in Seattle
Seattle
with rival Prism TV". The Seattle
Seattle
Times. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Beefs Up Prism TV App Lineup".  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
will expand ultra-fast 1-gigabit Internet
Internet
service in Omaha, Vegas; roll it out in 14 other cities". Omaha.com. 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2016-01-30.  ^ KRISTY TOTTEN LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
launches 1 Gbps Internet
Internet
service in Las Vegas". Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Review-Journal.  ^ "CenturyLink's Ewing: We're evaluating other areas for FTTH". FierceTelecom.  ^ http://www.wakeforestfiber.com/2013/12/28/centurylinks-ewing-were-evaluating-other-areas-for-ftth/ ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
- Omaha
Omaha
HSI and TV Services Upgrade".  ^ http://www.calix.com/news/press_releases/press_release_20130930-2.html ^ http://news.centurylink.com/index.php?s=43&item=3118 ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
expands its gigabit service to 16 cities, delivering broadband speeds up to 1 gigabit per second".  ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
positioned as an industry leader in residential gigabit deployment".  ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
brings residential gigabit service to select areas of Phoenix metro, delivering fiber-enabled broadband speeds up to 1 gigabit".  ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
brings residential gigabit service to select areas of the Triangle, delivering fiber-enabled broadband speeds up to 1 gigabit".  ^ The Salt Lake Tribune. " Utah
Utah
Local News - Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
News, Sports, Archive - The Salt Lake Tribune".  ^ "Residential Broadband Map".  ^ CenturyLink. " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
expands gigabit service to La Crosse, delivering fiber-enabled broadband speeds up to 1 gigabit per second".  ^ Vuong, Andy (2013-01-03). " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
shuffles operating model, will pick new Colorado
Colorado
president". Denverpost.com. Retrieved 2013-12-20.  ^ " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Announces Regional Operating Structure". News.centurylink.com. November 30, 2010. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-04.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n " CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Sponsorships". www.centurylink.com. Retrieved 2016-04-26.  ^ https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-332853A1.pdf ^ "FCC Fines CenturyLink
CenturyLink
$16M, Intrado Communications $1.4M For Actions During Massive 911 Outage". 6 April 2015. 

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CenturyLink

Corporate directors

Chairman

William Owens

CEO

Glen F. Post III

Non-Executive

Virginia
Virginia
Boulet Richard A. Gephardt W. Bruce Hanks Gregory J. McCray C.G. Melville, Jr. Fred R. Nichols Harvey P. Perry Michael J. Roberts Laurie A. Siegel Joseph R. Zimmel

Acquired companies

Centel Embarq Level 3 Communications Pacific Telecom Qwest
Qwest
Communications International Savvis

Operating Companies

Carolina Telephone & Telegraph Central Telephone Central Telephone Company of Texas Central Telephone Company of Virginia CenturyTel of Adamsville CenturyTel of Alabama CenturyTel of Arkansas CenturyTel of Central Indiana CenturyTel of Chester CenturyTel of Claiborne CenturyTel of Colorado CenturyTel of Eagle CenturyTel of Missouri CenturyTel of Mountain Home CenturyTel of Northwest Arkansas CenturyTel of Ohio CenturyTel of Port Aransas CenturyTel of Redfield CenturyTel of San Marcos CenturyTel of South Arkansas CenturyTel of the Gem State CenturyTel of the Midwest-Kendall El Paso County Telephone Embarq
Embarq
Florida Embarq
Embarq
Minnesota Embarq
Embarq
Missouri Qwest Spectra Communications Group Telephone USA of Wisconsin United Telephone Company of Eastern Kansas United Telephone Company of Kansas

Long distance services

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Communications

Pay TV service

Prism TV

Category Commons

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United States
United States
landline telephone companies

Alaska Communications AT&T CenturyLink Cincinnati Bell Claro Puerto Rico Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Emery Telcom Frontier Communications GCI GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom TDS Telecom Verizon
Verizon
Communications Windstream Communications

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Internet
Internet
service providers of the United States

Cable ISP

Adams Cable Allegiance Communications Altice USA

Optimum Suddenlink Communications

Armstrong Atlantic Broadband Blue Ridge Communications Blue Stream Broadstripe Buckeye Broadband Cable One Charter Spectrum Comcast
Comcast
Xfinity Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Cox Communications Docomo Pacific Emery Telcom Full Channel GCI Hargray Mediacom Midco Northland Communications OneLink Communications Satview Broadband Service Electric Shentel SRT Communications TDS Telecom TPG

Grande Communications RCN Corporation Wave Broadband

TruVista Communications WOW!

Satellite ISP

Dish (HughesNet) Exede

Fiber ISP

AT&T Fiber CenturyLink Cincinnati Bell
Cincinnati Bell
FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Digital West EPB Frontier FiOS Google
Google
Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Telephone Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon
Verizon
FiOS Windstream

Copper
Copper
/ DSL
DSL
ISP

AT&T Internet
Internet
(U-Verse) CenturyLink Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Digital West Frontier Communications TDS Telecom Verizon Windstream

Defunct ISP

AGIS ANS Atala T Boston CitiNet ATMNet Excite@Home Prodigy Pure TalkUSA Texas.net WorldWide Access

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Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in the United States

Cable MVPD

Adams Cable Altice USA

Optimum Suddenlink Communications

Armstrong Atlantic Broadband AT&T Alascom Blue Ridge Communications Blue Stream Broadstripe Buckeye Broadband Cable One Charter Spectrum Comcast
Comcast
Xfinity Comtech21 Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Cox Communications Deltacom DoCoMo Pacific Emery Telcom Full Channel GCI Hargray Hood Canal Communications Mediacom Midco Northlake Telecom Northland Communications Liberty Puerto Rico Ritter Communications Santel Communications Satview Broadband Service Electric Shentel SRT Communications TDS Telecom TPG

Grande Communications RCN Corporation Wave Broadband

Troy Cablevision TruVista Communications WOW! ZTelco

Satellite MVPD

Claro Dish Network DirecTV Glorystar Headend in the Sky Home2US

Fiber MVPD / IPTV

AT&T U-verse CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Prism TV Cincinnati Bell
Cincinnati Bell
FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

EPB Frontier FiOS Google
Google
Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Datastream TV North State Communications Smithville Fiber Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon
Verizon
FiOS Whidbey Telecom Windstream Kinetic

Virtual MVPD

DirecTV
DirecTV
Now FuboTV Hulu
Hulu
with Live TV Philo PlayStation Vue Sling TV Spectrum TV Stream Xfinity
Xfinity
Instant TV YouTube TV

Over-the-top

Amazon Video Anime Network Apple iTunes Store CBS All Access Crackle Crunchyroll CW Seed CuriosityStream DramaFever Fandor FunimationNow go90 Hallmark Movies Now HBO Now History Vault Hulu iON (IPTV) Lifetime Movie Club Netflix Noggin Pluto TV Roku Seeso Showtime Starz Tribeca Shortlist Tubi TV UFC Fight Pass Univision
Univision
NOW YuppTV WWE Network

Defunct cable

Adelphia Communications Corporation Alameda Power and Telecom1 Astound Broadband AT&T Broadband

MediaOne/Continental Cablevision Tele-Communications Inc.

Baja Broadband

US Cable

Bresnan Communications Bright House Networks Cablevision Champion Broadband Cobridge Communications Community Home Entertainment Graceba Total Communications Insight Communications Jones Intercable King Videocable Knology Marcus Cable NPG Cable Paragon Cable Rapid Communications TelePrompTer/Group W Cable Time Warner Cable UA-Columbia Cablevision Windjammer Communications

1 – Still in operation, but no longer offers cable or Internet
Internet
as part of its services

Defunct satellite

AlphaStar GlobeCast World TV PrimeStar United States
United States
Satellite Broadcasting Voom HD Networks

Defunct IPTV

Sky Angel Virtual Digital Cable

Defunct terrestrial

Aereo USDTV MovieBeam

Defunct virtual MVPD

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Stream

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Additional resources on North American television

North America

List of local television stations in North America DTV transition North American TV mini-template

Canada

Canadian networks List of Canadian television networks List of Canadian television channels List of Canadian specialty channels Local Canadian TV stations List of United States
United States
stations available in Canada 2001 Vancouver TV realignment 2007 Canada broadcast TV realignment

Mexico

Mexican networks Local Mexican TV stations

United States

American networks List of American cable and satellite networks List of American over-the-air networks Local American TV stations (W) Local American TV stations (K) Spanish-language TV networks 1994 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment 2006 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment List of Canadian television stations available in the United States Insular Areas TV

Africa, Asia, Middle East and Oceania Americas Europe

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Major telecommunications companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$10 billion

América Móvil AT&T Bell Canada Bezeq Bharti Airtel Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited BT Group CenturyLink China Mobile China Telecommunications Corporation

China Telecom

China Unicom Chunghwa Telecom Comcast Deutsche Telekom Digicel FLOW Hutchison Asia Idea Cellular Jio KDDI KPN KT Corporation Mahanagar Telephone Nigam MTN MTS Nippon NTT DoCoMo Oi Orange S.A. PCCW Reliance Rogers Shaw Singtel SK Telecom SoftBank Mobile Spark Sprint Corporation Swisscom Tata Teleservices Telecom Italia Telefónica Telenor Telus Telmex Telstra TPG Trilogy International Partners True Türk Telekom VEON Verizon Viettel Vivendi Vodafone

See also Largest IT companies List of mobile network operators List of telephone operating companies Category:Telecommunications companies

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Telecommunications

History

Beacon Broadcasting Cable protection system Cable TV Communications satellite Computer network Drums Electrical telegraph Fax Heliographs Hydraulic telegraph Internet Mass media Mobile phone Optical telecommunication Optical telegraphy Pager Photophone Prepay mobile phone Radio Radiotelephone Satellite communications Semaphore Smartphone Smoke signals Telecommunications history Telautograph Telegraphy Teleprinter
Teleprinter
(teletype) Telephone The Telephone Cases Television Timeline of communication technology Undersea telegraph line Videoconferencing Videophone Videotelephony Whistled language

Pioneers

Edwin Howard Armstrong John Logie Baird Paul Baran Alexander Graham Bell Tim Berners-Lee Jagadish Chandra Bose Vint Cerf Claude Chappe Donald Davies Lee de Forest Philo Farnsworth Reginald Fessenden Elisha Gray Erna Schneider Hoover Charles K. Kao Hedy Lamarr Innocenzo Manzetti Guglielmo Marconi Antonio Meucci Radia Perlman Alexander Stepanovich Popov Johann Philipp Reis Nikola Tesla Camille Tissot Alfred Vail Charles Wheatstone Vladimir K. Zworykin

Transmission media

Coaxial cable Fiber-optic communication

Optical fiber

Free-space optical communication Molecular communication Radio waves Transmission line

Network topology and switching

Links Nodes Terminal node Network switching (circuit packet) Telephone exchange

Multiplexing

Space-division Frequency-division Time-division Polarization-division Orbital angular-momentum Code-division

Networks

ARPANET BITNET Cellular network Computer CYCLADES Ethernet FidoNet Internet ISDN LAN Mobile NGN NPL network Public Switched Telephone Radio Telecommunications equipment Television Telex WAN Wireless World Wide Web

Category Portal

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Cloud computing

Applications

Box Google

G Suite Docs, Sheets and Slides

HP Cloud
HP Cloud
(closed) Microsoft Online Oracle Cloud Rackspace Salesforce Zoho

Platforms

Alpha7 Amazon AppScale Box Bluemix Cloud Foundry Cocaine (PaaS) Engine Yard Helion GE Predix Google
Google
App Engine GreenQloud Heroku Inktank Jelastic Mendix Microsoft Azure MindSphere Oracle Cloud OutSystems openQRM OpenShift PythonAnywhere RightScale Force.com SAP Cloud Platform VMware vCloud Air WaveMaker

Infrastructure

Amazon Abiquo Enterprise Edition CloudStack Citrix Cloud CtrlS DigitalOcean EMC Atmos Eucalyptus Fujitsu GoGrid Google
Google
Cloud Platform GreenButton GreenQloud IBM cloud computing iland Joyent Lunacloud Mirantis Nimbula Nimbus OpenNebula OpenStack Oracle Cloud OrionVM Rackspace
Rackspace
Cloud SoftLayer Zadara Storage libvirt libguestfs OVirt Virtual Machine Manager Wakame-vdc Virtual Private Cloud OnDemand

Technologies

Cloud database Data centers Distributed file system for cloud Hardware virtualization Internet Networking Security Structured storage Virtual appliance Web APIs Virtual private cloud

Category Commons

Authority control

ISNI: 0

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