CENTRAL LONDON is the innermost part of London , UK. There is no official definition of its area but its characteristics are understood to include a high density built environment, high land values, an elevated daytime population and a concentration of regionally, nationally and internationally significant organisations and facilities. Over time a number of definitions have been used to define the scope of central London for statistics, urban planning and local government.
Road distances to London are traditionally measured from a central point at Charing Cross (in the City of Westminster ), which is marked by the statue of King Charles I at the junction of the Strand , Whitehall and Cockspur Street , just south of Trafalgar Square .
* 1 Characteristics
* 2 Definitions
* 3 References
“ The central area is distinguished, according to the Royal Commission , by the inclusion within its boundaries of Parliament and the Royal Palaces, the headquarters of Government, the Law Courts , the head offices of a very large number of commercial and industrial firms, as well as institutions of great influence in the intellectual life of the nation such as the British Museum , the National Gallery , the Tate Gallery , the University of London , the headquarters of the national ballet and opera, together with the headquarters of many national associations, the great professions, the trade unions, the trade associations, social service societies, as well as shopping centres and centres of entertainment which attract people from the whole of Greater London and farther afield.
In many other respects the central area differs from areas farther out in London. The rateable value of the central area is exceptionally high. Its day population is very much larger than its night population. Its traffic problems reach an intensity not encountered anywhere else in the Metropolis or in any provincial city, and the enormous office developments which have taken place recently constitute a totally new phenomenon. ”
— Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) . House of Commons. 24 January 1963. , Eric Lubbock
The London Plan defines the "Central Activities Zone" policy area, which comprises the City of London, most of Westminster and the inner parts of Camden, Islington, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Southwark, Lambeth, Kensington and the inner parts of Shoreditch, Stepney, Bermondsey, Southwark, Lambeth, Chelsea, Kensington, Paddington, St Marylebone and St Pancras. The population was estimated to be 270,000. Panorama of central London as seen from the London Eye
* London portal
* ^ "OS MapZone – From where, exactly, are distances from London measured?". Ordnance Survey . Retrieved 10 March 2010. * ^ Mayor of London (2008). "Central activities zone". London Plan . Greater London Authority . Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2010. * ^ Mayor of London (2008). "Central activities zone policies". London Plan . Greater London Authority . Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2010. * ^ "London\'s Places" (PDF). London Plan . Greater London Authority . 2011. p. 46. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014. * ^ Mayor of London (February 2004). "The London Plan: Chapter 5" (PDF). Greater London Authority . * ^ "1901 Census of England and Wales, General Report with Appendices (1904 CVIII (Cd. 2174) 1)". Retrieved 10 March 2010. * ^ A B Greater London Group (July 1959). Memorandum of Evidence to The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. London School of Economics . * ^ Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) . House of Commons. 24 January 1963.
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Sub-regions of London
* Sub regions used in the London Plan
* v * t * e
Areas of London
CENTRAL ACTIVITIES ZONE
TOWN CENTRE NETWORK
* Knightsbridge * West End
* Angel * Barking * Bexleyheath * Brixton * Camden Town * Canary Wharf * Catford * Chiswick * Clapham Junction * Dalston * East Ham * Edgware * Eltham * Enfield Town * Fulham * Hammersmith * Holloway Nags Head * Kensington High Street * Kilburn * King\'s Road East * Lewisham * Orpington * Peckham * Putney * Queensway / Westbourne Grove * Richmond * Southall * Streatham * Tooting * Walthamstow * Wandsworth * Wembley * Whitechapel * Wimbledon * Woolwich
* Acton * Beckenham * Bethnal Green * Brentford * Camberwell * Canada Water * Carshalton * Chadwell Heath * Chingford * Clapham * Crystal Palace * Coulsdon * Cricklewood * Dagenham * Deptford * Dulwich * Edmonton * Elephant and Castle * Erith * Feltham * Finchley * Forest Gate * Forest Hill * Golders Green * Greenwich * Harlesden * Hampstead * Harringay * Hendon * Hornchurch * Kentish Town * Leyton * Mill Hill * Mitcham * Morden * Muswell Hill * New Cross * New Malden * Northwood * Notting Hill * Penge * Pinner * Purley * Ruislip * Sidcup * Southgate * South Norwood * Stoke Newington * Surbiton * Sydenham * Teddington * Thamesmead * Tolworth * Twickenham * Tulse Hill * Upminster * Upper Norwood * Wanstead * Wealdstone * Welling * West Hampstead * West Norwood * Willesden Green * Woodford
* Abbey Wood * Alperton * Anerley * Barnes * Barnsbury * Battersea * Beckton * Bermondsey * Bow * Brent Cross * Brockley * Canonbury * Charlton * Chelsea * Chessington * Chipping Barnet * Chislehurst * Clerkenwell * Elmers End * Gidea Park * Gunnersbury * Hackbridge * Hackney * Harold Wood * Highams Park * Highbury * Highgate * Hillingdon * Hook * Holloway * Hoxton * Ickenham * Isle of Dogs * Isleworth * Islington * Kensal Green * Kew * Lambeth * Manor Park * Marylebone * Mortlake * Northolt * Nunhead * Poplar * Roehampton * Rotherhithe * Seven Kings * Seven Sisters * Shoreditch * Southwark * Stepney * St Helier * Surrey Quays * Tottenham * Upper Clapton * Walworth * Wapping * West Ham * Worcester Park
LISTS OF ALL AREAS BY BOROUGH
* Barking and Dagenham * Barnet * Bexley * Brent * Bromley * Camden * Croydon * Ealing * Enfield * Greenwich * Hackney * Hammersmith and Fulham * Haringey * Harrow * Havering * Hillingdon * Hounslow * Islington * Kensington and Chelsea * Kingston upon Thames * Lambeth * Lewisham * Merton * Newham * Redbridge * Richmond upon Thames * Southwark * Sutton * Tower Hamlets * Waltham Forest * Wandsworth * Westminster
London Plan, Annex Two: London\'s Town Centre Network
Coordinates : 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″E / 51.5073°N 0.1275°E