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Central London
Central London
is the innermost part of London, in the United Kingdom, spanning several boroughs. Over time, a number of definitions have been used to define the scope of central London for statistics, urban planning and local government. Its characteristics are understood to include a high density built environment, high land values, an elevated daytime population and a concentration of regionally, nationally and internationally significant organisations and facilities. Road distances to London are traditionally measured from a central point at Charing Cross
Charing Cross
(in the City of Westminster), which is marked by the statue of King Charles I at the junction of the Strand, Whitehall
Whitehall
and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square.[1]

Contents

1 Characteristics 2 Definitions

2.1 London Plan 2.2 Census 2.3 1959–1963 proposals for a Central London
Central London
borough

3 References

Characteristics[edit]

“ The central area is distinguished, according to the Royal Commission, by the inclusion within its boundaries of Parliament and the Royal Palaces, the headquarters of Government, the Law Courts, the head offices of a very large number of commercial and industrial firms, as well as institutions of great influence in the intellectual life of the nation such as the British Museum, the National Gallery, the Tate Gallery, the University of London, the headquarters of the national ballet and opera, together with the headquarters of many national associations, the great professions, the trade unions, the trade associations, social service societies, as well as shopping centres and centres of entertainment which attract people from the whole of Greater London
Greater London
and farther afield. In many other respects the central area differs from areas farther out in London. The rateable value of the central area is exceptionally high. Its day population is very much larger than its night population. Its traffic problems reach an intensity not encountered anywhere else in the Metropolis or in any provincial city, and the enormous office developments which have taken place recently constitute a totally new phenomenon.

— Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 24 January 1963. , Eric Lubbock

Definitions[edit] London Plan[edit] The London Plan
London Plan
defines the "Central Activities Zone" policy area, which comprises the City of London, most of Westminster
Westminster
and the inner parts of Camden, Islington, Hackney, Tower Hamlets, Southwark, Lambeth, Kensington & Chelsea and Wandsworth.[2] It is described as "a unique cluster of vitally important activities including central government offices, headquarters and embassies, the largest concentration of London's financial and business services sector and the offices of trade, professional bodies, institutions, associations, communications, publishing, advertising and the media".[3] For strategic planning, since 2011 there has been a Central London sub-region comprising the boroughs of Camden, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Lambeth, Southwark, Westminster
Westminster
and the City of London.[4] From 2004 to 2008, the London Plan
London Plan
included a sub-region called Central London
Central London
comprising Camden, Islington, Kensington and Chelsea, Lambeth, Southwark, Wandsworth
Wandsworth
and Westminster.[5] It had a 2001 population of 1,525,000. The sub-region was replaced in 2008 with a new structure which amalgamated inner and outer boroughs together. This was altered in 2011 when a new Central London
Central London
sub-region was created, now including the City of London
City of London
and excluding Wandsworth. However, districts at the outer edge of this subregion such as Streatham
Streatham
and Dulwich
Dulwich
are not generally considered as Central London. Census[edit] The 1901 census defined Central London
Central London
as the City of London
City of London
and the metropolitan boroughs of Bermondsey, Bethnal Green, Finsbury, Holborn, Shoreditch, Southwark, Stepney, St Marylebone
Marylebone
and Westminster.[6] 1959–1963 proposals for a Central London
Central London
borough[edit] During the Herbert Commission and the subsequent passage of the London Government Bill, three unsuccessful attempts were made to define an area that would form a central London borough. The first two were detailed in the 1959 Memorandum of Evidence of the Greater London Group of the London School of Economics. "Scheme A" envisaged a central London borough, one of 25, consisting of the City of London, Westminster, Holborn, Finsbury and the inner parts of St Marylebone, St Pancras, Chelsea, Southwark
Southwark
and Lambeth. The boundary deviated from existing lines to include all central London railway stations, the Tower of London
Tower of London
and the museums, such that it included small parts of Kensington, Shoreditch, Stepney
Stepney
and Bermondsey. It had an estimated population of 350,000 and occupied 7,000 acres (28 km2).[7] "Scheme B" delineated central London, as one of 7 boroughs, including most of the City of London, the whole of Finsbury and Holborn, most of Westminster
Westminster
and Southwark, parts of St Pancras, St Marylebone, Paddington
Paddington
and a small part of Kensington. The area had an estimated population of 400,000 and occupied 8,000 acres (32 km2).[7] During the passage of the London Government Bill an amendment was put forward to create a central borough corresponding to the definition used at the 1961 census. It consisted of the City of London, all of Westminster, Holborn
Holborn
and Finsbury; and the inner parts of Shoreditch, Stepney, Bermondsey, Southwark, Lambeth, Chelsea, Kensington, Paddington, St Marylebone
Marylebone
and St Pancras. The population was estimated to be 270,000.[8]

Panorama of central London as seen from the London Eye

References[edit]

London portal

^ "OS MapZone – From where, exactly, are distances from London measured?". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 10 March 2010.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(2008). "Central activities zone". London Plan. Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2010.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(2008). "Central activities zone policies". London Plan. Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2010.  ^ "London's Places" (PDF). London Plan. Greater London
Greater London
Authority. 2011. p. 46. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2014.  ^ Mayor of London
Mayor of London
(February 2004). "The London Plan: Chapter 5" (PDF). Greater London
Greater London
Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2011.  ^ "1901 Census of England and Wales, General Report with Appendices (1904 CVIII (Cd. 2174) 1)". Retrieved 10 March 2010.  ^ a b Greater London
Greater London
Group (July 1959). Memorandum of Evidence to The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. London School of Economics.  ^ Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 24 January 1963. 

v t e

Sub-regions of London

NUTS 2

Inner London Outer London

Boundary Commission

North London South London

London Plan

Sub-regions used in the London Plan

Other

Central London Docklands East End South Bank Thames Gateway (London Riverside Lower Lea Valley) West End

Mayor of London, (April 2009), A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor's London Plan, (PDF; 1,4 MB), Greater London
Greater London
Authority, ISBN=978-1-84781-249-0

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
City of London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London Plan
London Plan
2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greater London
Greater London
Authority

Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″E / 51.5073°N 0.1275°E

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