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CENTRAL EUROPEAN SUMMER TIME (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time
Central European Time
(UTC+1 ) during the other part of the year. It corresponds to UTC+2
UTC+2
, which makes it the same as Central Africa Time , South African Standard Time and Kaliningrad Time in Russia
Russia
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Names * 2 Period of observation * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References

NAMES

Other names which have been applied to Central European Summer Time are Middle European Summer Time
European Summer Time
(MEST), Central European Daylight Saving Time (CEDT), and Bravo Time (after the second letter of the NATO phonetic alphabet
NATO phonetic alphabet
).

PERIOD OF OBSERVATION

Since 1996 European Summer Time
European Summer Time
has been observed between 1:00 UTC on the last Sunday of March and 1:00 on the last Sunday of October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union.

USAGE

The following countries and territories use Central European Summer Time.

* Albania
Albania
, regularly since 1974 * Andorra
Andorra
, regularly since 1985 * Austria
Austria
, regularly since 1980 * Belgium
Belgium
, regularly since 1980 * Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
, regularly since 1983 * Croatia
Croatia
, regularly since 1983 * Czech Republic
Czech Republic
, regularly since 1979 * Denmark
Denmark
(metropolitan), regularly since 1980 * France
France
(metropolitan ), regularly since 1976 * Germany , regularly since 1980 * Gibraltar
Gibraltar
, regularly since 1982 * Hungary
Hungary
, regularly since 1983 * Italy
Italy
, regularly since 1968 * Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
* Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, regularly since 1981 * Malta
Malta
, regularly since 1974 * Monaco
Monaco
, regularly since 1976 * Montenegro
Montenegro
, regularly since 1983 * Netherlands
Netherlands
, regularly since 1977 * Norway
Norway
, regularly since 1980 * Poland
Poland
, regularly since 1977 * Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
, regularly since 1983 * San Marino
San Marino
, regularly since 1966 * Serbia
Serbia
, regularly since 1983 * Slovakia
Slovakia
regularly since 1979 * Slovenia
Slovenia
, regularly since 1983 * Spain
Spain
(except Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, which apply Western European Summer Time instead), regularly since 1974 * Sweden
Sweden
, regularly since 1980 * Switzerland
Switzerland
, regularly since 1981 * Vatican , regularly since 1966

CEST was used also in the years 1993–1995 in Portugal
Portugal
, 1998–1999 in Lithuania
Lithuania
and 2005–2008 in Tunisia
Tunisia
. In addition, Libya
Libya
used CEST during the years 1951–1959, 1982–1989, 1996–1997 and 2012–2013.

SEE ALSO

* European Summer Time
European Summer Time
* Other countries and territories in UTC+2
UTC+2
time zone * Other names of UTC+2
UTC+2
time zone

REFERENCES

* ^ Joseph Myers (2009-07-17). "History of legal time in Britain". Retrieved 200

.