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Carl Oberg
Carl Oberg
(27 January 1897 – 3 June 1965) was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era. He served as the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) of France during the Second World War. Oberg deported over 40,000 Jews from France. After the war, he was twice sentenced to death by two different courts. However, in 1958 the death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and later reduced to 20 years hard labour. Oberg was pardoned and released on 28 November 1962.

Contents

1 Nazi career 2 Post-war trial, sentence, and reprieve 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links

Nazi career[edit] He joined the NSDAP (Nazi Party) on 1 April 1931 and the SS on 7 April 1932. After meeting Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
in May 1933, he asked Heydrich for a job and joined the SD. Oberg was later promoted to an SS- Oberführer
Oberführer
and made the police administrator for Hanover. He served in that capacity from September 1938 until January 1939. Next, Oberg served as Police President of Zwickau
Zwickau
until late 1941. He served as SS-und Polizeiführer ( SS and Police Leader
SS and Police Leader
- SSPF), "Radom" from August 1941 to May 1942. Oberg was promoted to SS-Brigadeführer
SS-Brigadeführer
on 20 April 1942.[1] From May 1942 to November 1944, Oberg served as Higher SS and Police Leader (Höherer SS-und Polizeiführer, HSSPF) "Frankreich" (France) overall German police forces in France, including the SD and Gestapo. He was the supreme authority in France for managing anti-Jewish policy and the battle against the French Resistance. He thus drove the rounding up of Jews in the Paris Velodrome d'Hiver (Vel' d'Hiv Roundup) in 1942. By that time he had been condemned as the "Butcher of Paris".[2] On Reinhard Heydrich's orders, Oberg deported over 40,000 Jews from the country with the assistance of the Vichy France police force headed by René Bousquet.[3][4][5] By 1943, however, he was resisting some of the orders issued by Himmler and Hitler. On 18 January Himmler demanded a cleansing of Marseilles
Marseilles
with 100,000 arrests and explosive demolition of the city's crime district. Working with the French police, Oberg supervised a "minimalist" response of 6,000 arrests, 20,000 people displaced, and partial destruction of the harbour area.[6] In 1944, Oberg blocked an attempt to establish an Einsatzkommando of the Waffen-SS in France.[7] Post-war trial, sentence, and reprieve[edit] Oberg was arrested by the US military in June, 1945 and sentenced to death by a British court before receiving another death sentence from the French in October, 1954. In 1958, the sentence was commuted to life by French President René Coty, and later reduced to 20 years hard labor.[8] Oberg was pardoned by President Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
and released on 28 November 1962.[1] Notes[edit]

^ a b Yerger (1997), p 103. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=p9m5JE0B324C&pg=PA159&dq=oberg+butcher+of+paris&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj77M7mqpTVAhUJ4oMKHcCwDH0Q6AEIODAD#v=onepage&q=oberg%20butcher%20of%20paris&f=false, p=159 ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=1LeGAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA198&dq=rene+bousquet+Heydrich+and+Himmler&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjGo6npvpPVAhWZ0YMKHYzJB0A4ChDoAQhIMAU#v=onepage&q=rene%20bousquet%20Heydrich%20and%20Himmler&f=false, p=198 ^ Yerger (1997), pp 51, 103. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=Q7ORlIpHKLEC&pg=PA244&lpg=PA244&dq=oberg+bousquet+vichy+france&source=bl&ots=6bDDh8itd6&sig=_ONJgTk1e4LZNwGdXbgE84PrTAM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc8amxpJTVAhXp54MKHUebBw0Q6AEIYTAK#v=onepage&q=oberg%20bousquet%20vichy%20france&f=false, p=244-245 ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=GBQchepZ-7EC&pg=PA651&dq=oberg+marseilles+jews++arrests&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiemJWKppTVAhUp5oMKHT3oDVMQ6AEIPzAE#v=onepage&q=oberg%20marseilles%20jews%20%20arrests&f=false, p=651 ^ Longerich (2012), pp 650-653 ^ Time (1958).

References[edit]

(in German) Birn, Ruth Bettina, Die höheren SS- und Polizeiführer. Himmlers Vertreter im Reich und in den besetzten Gebieten Düsseldorf 1986 (Seite 252ff, 341) (in German) Lappenküper, Ulrich Der "Schlächter von Paris". Carl-Albrecht Oberg als Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer in Frankreich (1942-1944) in: Deutschland und Frankreich im Krieg (Nov. 1942 - Herbst 1944). Okkupation, Kollaboration, Résistance Hg. S. Martens, M. Vaisse, Bonn: Bouvier, 2000 (Seite 129-143) (in German) Die faschistische Okkupationspolitik in Frankreich (1940-1944) Dokumentenauswahl. Hg. und Einl. Ludwig Nestler. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1990 (Orts-, Personenregister) ISBN 3-326-00297-1 (zahlreiche Einträge im Index) (in German) Weiß, Hermann (Hrsg.): Biographisches Lexikon zum Dritten Reich, Frankfurt 2002 ISBN 3-596-13086-7 Longerich, Peter (2012). Heinrich Himmler. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-965174-0.  Yerger, Mark C. (1997). Allgemeine-SS: Commands, Units and Leaders of the General SS. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 0-7643-0145-4.  "Sparing the Butcher's Life". Time. 5 May 1958. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Wiesenthal Center

v t e

The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in France

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Albania Austria Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Estonia France Hungary Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russia Serbia Ukraine

Roundups

Billet vert (fr) Clermont-Ferrand (fr) Izieu Marseille Vel' d'Hiv Villeurbanne (fr)

Camps

Beaune-la-Rolande Drancy Gurs Milles Natzweiler-Struthof
Natzweiler-Struthof
(subcamps) Pithiviers Récébédou (fr) Royallieu-Compiègne Rivesaltes Vernet

Documentation

Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation Vichy laws on the status of Jews Timeline of deportations to death camps

Perpetrators

Otto Abetz Ernst Achenbach Horst Ahnert (es) Klaus Barbie Werner Best Kurt Blanke (de) Karl Bömelburg Heinz Röthke Alois Brunner Theodor Dannecker Hans-Dietrich Ernst (de) Herbert Hagen Ernst Heinrichsohn Helmut Knochen Kurt Lischka Carl Oberg Carltheo Zeitschel

Nazi occupation and organizations

Devisenschutzkommando Parti Populaire Français Jeunesse Populaire Française

Vichy France

René Bousquet François Darlan Louis Darquier de Pellepoix Pierre Laval Philippe Pétain André Tulard Vichy Holocaust collaboration timeline Révolution nationale Vichy Police (fr)

Collaborators

Maurice Papon Paul Touvier

Victims

Henri Abraham Victor Basch Hélène Berr René Blum Kadmi Cohen Marianne Cohn Messaoud El Mediouni Jacques Feldbau Benjamin Fondane Otto Freundlich Salomon Gluck Maurice Halbwachs Paul Hermann Max Jacob Bereck Kofman Georges Mandel Hélène Metzger Bernard Natan Irène Némirovsky Casimir Oberfeld Sonia Olschanezky Victor Perez Béatrice Reinach Alma Rosé Charlotte Salomon Sascha Schapiro David Vogel

Survivors

Antoinette Feuerwerker David Feuerwerker David Olère Jean Elleinstein Simone Veil Rose Warfman

Witness testimony

Louise Alcan (fr) Joseph Bialot (fr) Henri Borlant (fr) Henry Bulawko (fr) Nadine Heftler (fr) Denise Holstein (fr) René Kapel (fr) Sarah Kofman André Rogerie Marie-Claude Vaillant-Couturier Léon Zyguel (fr)

Righteous Among the Nations

Albert Bedane Marc Boegner Le Chambon-sur-Lignon Château de Chabannes Jacques Ellul Pierre-Marie Gerlier Justin Godart Père Jacques Père Marie-Benoît René de Naurois Paul Ramadier Germaine Ribière Jules-Géraud Saliège Pierre-Marie Théas André and Magda Trocmé

Memorials

Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Déportation Sons and Daughters of Jewish Deportees from France Mémorial de la Shoah Mémorial des Martyrs de la Déportation Mémorial national de la déportation (fr) Rivesaltes Memorial List of Holocaust memorials and museums

See also Antisemitism in France Armée Juive Fall of France History of the Jews in France Occupied France Statutes on Jews

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 907124 GND: 12290121

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