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CARL OBERG (27 January 1897 – 3 June 1965) was the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) of France during the Second World War
Second World War
. Oberg deported over 40,000 Jews from France. After the war he was twice sentenced to death by two different courts. However, in 1958 the death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment and later reduced to 20 years hard labor. Oberg was pardoned and released on 28 November 1962.

CONTENTS

* 1 Nazi career * 2 Post-war trial, sentence, and reprieve * 3 Ranks and positions * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links

NAZI CAREER

He joined the NSDAP ( Nazi Party
Nazi Party
) on 1 April 1931 and the SS on 7 April 1932. After meeting Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
in May, 1933, he asked Heydrich for a job and joined the SD . Oberg was later promoted to an SS- Oberführer
Oberführer
and made the police administrator for Hanover
Hanover
. He served in that capacity from September, 1938 until January 1939. Next, Oberg served as Police President of Zwickau
Zwickau
until late 1941. He served as SS-und Polizeiführer ( SS and Police Leader
SS and Police Leader
- SSPF), "Radom" from August 1941 to May, 1942. Oberg was promoted to SS-Brigadeführer on 20 April 1942.

From May 1942 to November 1944, Oberg served as Higher SS and Police Leader (Höherer SS-und Polizeiführer, HSSPF) "Frankreich" (France) over all German police forces in France, including the SD and Gestapo . He was the supreme authority in France for managing anti-Jewish policy and the battle against the French Resistance
French Resistance
. He thus drove the rounding up of Jews in the Paris Velodrome d'Hiver (Vel\' d\'Hiv Roundup ) in 1942. By that time he had been condemned as the "Butcher of Paris". On Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
's orders, Oberg deported over 40,000 Jews from the country with the assistance of the Vichy France
Vichy France
police force headed by René Bousquet .

By 1943, however, he was resisting some of the orders issued by Himmler and Hitler . On January 18, Himmler demanded a cleansing of Marseilles
Marseilles
with 100,000 arrests and explosive demolition of the city's crime district. Working with the French police, Oberg supervised a "minimalist" response of 6,000 arrests, 20,000 people displaced, and partial destruction of the harbour area. In 1944, Oberg blocked an attempt to establish an Einsatzkommando of the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
in France.

POST-WAR TRIAL, SENTENCE, AND REPRIEVE

Oberg was arrested by the US military in June, 1945 and sentenced to death by a British court before receiving another death sentence from the French in October, 1954. In 1958, the sentence was commuted to life by French President René Coty , and later reduced to 20 years hard labor. Oberg was pardoned by President Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
and released on 28 November 1962.

RANKS AND POSITIONS

* June 1935 - promoted to SS- Standartenführer
Standartenführer
. * November 1935 - January 1937. Commander for 22. SS-Standarte , "Mecklenburg", in Schwerin
Schwerin
. * January 1937 - December 1938. Stabsführer for SS-Abschnitt IV, Hannover
Hannover
. * September 1938 - January 1939. Police administrator for Hannover. * January 1939 - September 1941. Police President for Zwickau. * Spring 1942 - promoted to SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor der Polizei. * August 1941 - May 1942. SS and Police Leader
SS and Police Leader
"Radom". * May 1942 - November 1944. Higher SS and Police Leader "Frankreich". * April 1943 - promoted to SS- Gruppenführer
Gruppenführer
and Generalleutnant der Polizei. * September 1944 - promoted to SS- Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
. * March 1945 - promoted to General der Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
.

NOTES

* ^ A B C D E F G H Yerger (1997), p 103. * ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=p9m5JE0B324C&pg=PA159&dq=oberg+butcher+of+paris&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj77M7mqpTVAhUJ4oMKHcCwDH0Q6AEIODAD#v=onepage&q=oberg%20butcher%20of%20paris&f=false, p=159 * ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=1LeGAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA198&dq=rene+bousquet+Heydrich+and+Himmler&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjGo6npvpPVAhWZ0YMKHYzJB0A4ChDoAQhIMAU#v=onepage&q=rene%20bousquet%20Heydrich%20and%20Himmler&f=false, p=198 * ^ Yerger (1997), pp 51, 103. * ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=Q7ORlIpHKLEC&pg=PA244&lpg=PA244&dq=oberg+bousquet+vichy+france&source=bl&ots=6bDDh8itd6&sig=_ONJgTk1e4LZNwGdXbgE84PrTAM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjc8amxpJTVAhXp54MKHUebBw0Q6AEIYTAK#v=onepage&q=oberg%20bousquet%20vichy%20france&f=false, p=244-245 * ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=GBQchepZ-7EC&pg=PA651&dq=oberg+marseilles+jews++arrests&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiemJWKppTVAhUp5oMKHT3oDVMQ6AEIPzAE#v=onepage&q=oberg%20marseilles%20jews%20%20arrests&f=false, p=651 * ^ Longerich (2012), pp 650-653 * ^ Time (1958) . * ^ Yerger (1997), pp 103, 180-181. * ^ Yerger (1997), p 124. * ^ A B Yerger (1997), p 51. * ^ Yerger (1997), pp 55, 103.

REFERENCES

* (in German) Birn, Ruth Bettina, Die höheren SS- und Polizeiführer. Himmlers Vertreter im Reich und in den besetzten Gebieten Düsseldorf 1986 (Seite 252ff, 341) * (in German) Lappenküper, Ulrich Der "Schlächter von Paris". Carl-Albrecht Oberg als Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer in Frankreich (1942-1944) in: Deutschland und Frankreich im Krieg (Nov. 1942 - Herbst 1944). Okkupation, Kollaboration, Résistance Hg. S. Martens, M. Vaisse, Bonn: Bouvier, 2000 (Seite 129-143) * (in German) Die faschistische Okkupationspolitik in Frankreich (1940-1944) Dokumentenauswahl. Hg. und Einl. Ludwig Nestler. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften , 1990 (Orts-, Personenregister) ISBN 3-326-00297-1 (zahlreiche Einträge im Index) * (in German) Weiß, Hermann (Hrsg.): Biographisches Lexikon zum Dritten Reich, Frankfurt 2002 ISBN 3-596-13086-7 * Longerich, Peter (2012). Heinrich Himmler. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-965174-0 . * Yerger, Mark C. (1997). Allgemeine-SS: Commands, Units and Leaders of the General SS. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 0-7643-0145-4 . * "Sparing the Butcher\'s Life". Time. 5 May 1958. Retrieved 17 September 2011.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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