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Cardinham
Cardinham
(Cornish: Kardhinan) (the spelling 'Cardynham' is almost obsolete) is a civil parish and a village in mid Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated approximately three-and-a-half miles (6 km), east-northeast of Bodmin.[1] The hamlets of Fletchersbridge, Millpool, Milltown, Mount, Old Cardinham Castle
Old Cardinham Castle
and Welltown
Welltown
are in the parish.[2] Large areas which were once deciduous woodland are now plantations of conifers known as Cardinham
Cardinham
Woods and managed by the Forestry Commission. Edmund John Glynn, of Glynn House in the parish, rebuilt the house at Glynn in 1805 (it has a front of nine bays and a portico).[3]

Contents

1 Early history 2 Parish church 3 China clay 4 Notable residents 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Early history[edit] Richard Fitz Turold (Thorold) was an Anglo-Norman landowner of the eleventh century, mentioned in the Domesday Survey. He had a castle at Cardinham,[4] where he was a major tenant and steward of Robert of Mortain. The holding included the manor of Penhallam.[5] His son was William Fitz Richard of Cardinham. Restormel Castle
Restormel Castle
belonged to the Cardinhams in the 12th century, until Andrew de Cardinham's daughter married Thomas de Tracey. Cardinham
Cardinham
Castle remained in the family (succeeded by the Dinhams) until the 14th century and later became a ruin.[6] The manor of Cardinham
Cardinham
is one of the few where the custom of Free Bench is recorded: by this a widow could retain tenure of the land until she remarried. The Tenant-in-chief of the manor of Glynn as recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) was Robert, Count of Mortain; when it was one of several manors held by Osferth of Okehampton, County Devon, who had also held it before 1066 and paid tax for 1 virgate of land. There was land for 2 ploughs. There were 1 plough, 1 serf, 2 villeins, 6 smallholders, 100 acres of woodland, 40 acres of pasture, 4 unbroken mares, 2 cows, 24 sheep and 7 goats. The value of the manor was 10 shillings though it has formerly been worth £2 sterling.[7] Parish church[edit]

One of the crosses in the churchyard

Cardinham
Cardinham
Methodist Church

The parish church is dedicated to St Meubred: it has north and south aisles and a tower of granite. The chancel suffered bomb damage in World War II. Two freestanding Celtic crosses of stone, bearing inscriptions in Latin
Latin
have been found in Cardinham; both had been embedded in the walls of the fifteenth-century church and were moved after their discovery to the churchyard. One has been dated to the fifth to eighth centuries, the other to the tenth or eleventh centuries:[8] Arthur Langdon (1896) also records five other stone crosses in the parish.[9] In the church is the brass of Thomas Awmarle, rector of Cardinham, d. 1401?[10] China clay[edit] The former quarry of the Glynn Valley China Clay Works has closed down and is now flooded. It was in operation from the 1940s but since 2015 the site has been used for camping.[11] Notable residents[edit]

Lieutenant General Hussey Vivian, 1st Baron Vivian, GCB, GCH, PC (1775–1842), lived at Glynn House Peter D. Mitchell, biochemist and Nobel Prize winner, founded Glynn Research Ltd in Glynn House. Cassie Patten, the British Olympic swimmer, was born at Cardinham. John Penrose, born in Cardinham, where his father, also named John, was vicar of the parish. He was afterwards Vicar of Poundstock.

See also[edit]

Feudal barony of Cardinham

References[edit]

^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay
Newquay
& Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5 ^ Cornwall; Explore Britain ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books ^ Flying Past - The Historic Environment of Cornwall: The First Farms ^ Pastscape - Detailed Result: PENHALLAM MANOR[permanent dead link] ^ Cornish Church Cuide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 71-72 ^ Thorn, C. et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall, Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,13,5 ^ see the discussion and bibliography in Elisabeth Okasha, Corpus of Early Christian Inscribed Stones of South-west Britain. Leicester: University Press, 1993; pp. 85-90. ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard ^ Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode ^ Evans, Dixe (2016-07-02) "Ship me to the Cornish moors"; The Guardian, p. 5

Soulsby, Ian N. (1976) Richard Fitz Turold, Lord of Penhallam, Cornwall, in: Medieval Archaeology; vol. 20 (1976) pp. 146–48, online PDF Davis, Philip. " Cardinham
Cardinham
Castle". Retrieved 2009-05-24. 

External links[edit] Media related to Cardinham
Cardinham
at Wikimedia Commons

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Advent Altarnun Blisland Bodmin Boyton Bude–Stratton Camelford Cardinham Davidstow Egloshayle Egloskerry Forrabury and Minster Helland Jacobstow Kilkhampton Laneast Lanhydrock Lanivet Launceston Launcells Lawhitton
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