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CANTOPOP (traditional Chinese : 粵語流行音樂; simplified Chinese : 粤语流行音乐, a contraction of "Cantonese pop music ") or HK-POP (short for " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
pop music ") is a genre of Cantonese music made primarily in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, and also used to refer to the cultural context of its production and consumption. Originating in the 1970s, Cantopop
Cantopop
reached its height of popularity in the 1980s and 1990s before its slow decline in the 2000s. The term "Cantopop" itself was coined in 1978 after "Cantorock", a term first used in 1974. During its height, Cantopop
Cantopop
had spread to China
China
, Taiwan
Taiwan
, Vietnam
Vietnam
, South Korea
South Korea
, Japan
Japan
, Singapore
Singapore
, Malaysia
Malaysia
and Indonesia
Indonesia
.

Cantopop
Cantopop
is influenced by international styles, including jazz , rock and roll , rhythm and blues , electronic music , Western pop music and others. Cantopop
Cantopop
songs are almost invariably performed in Cantonese . Boasting a multinational fanbase in Southeast Asian nations such as Thailand
Thailand
, Singapore
Singapore
, Malaysia
Malaysia
and Indonesia
Indonesia
, as well as in the provinces of Guangdong
Guangdong
and Guangxi
Guangxi
in mainland China
China
, Hong Kong remains the most significant hub of the genre. The most significant figures in the Cantopop
Cantopop
industry include Paula Tsui
Paula Tsui
, Teresa Teng
Teresa Teng
, Samuel Hui
Samuel Hui
, George Lam
George Lam
, Alan Tam , Sally Yeh , Roman Tam , Anita Mui , Leslie Cheung , Beyond , Andy Lau , Jacky Cheung , Aaron Kwok
Aaron Kwok
, Leon Lai , Sammi Cheng
Sammi Cheng
, Faye Wong
Faye Wong
, Kelly Chen
Kelly Chen
, Eason Chan
Eason Chan
, Hacken Lee and Joey Yung .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1920s to 1950s: Shanghai origins * 1.2 1960s: Cultural acceptance * 1.3 1970s: Rise of television and the modern industry * 1.4 1980s: Beginning of the Golden Age * 1.5 1990s: Four Heavenly Kings era * 1.6 2000s * 1.7 2010s

* 2 Characteristics

* 2.1 Instruments and setups

* 2.2 Lyrics

* 2.2.1 Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
lyrics * 2.2.2 Modern Chinese lyrics

* 2.3 Covers of foreign compositions

* 3 Industry

* 3.1 Cantopop
Cantopop
stars * 3.2 Labels

* 4 Criticism

* 4.1 Unoriginality

* 5 Artists

* 5.1 Male * 5.2 Female * 5.3 Bands & Groups

* 6 Major awards * 7 Cantopop
Cantopop
radio stations * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

1920S TO 1950S: SHANGHAI ORIGINS

Western-influenced music first came to China
China
in the 1920s, specifically through Shanghai. Artists like Zhou Xuan
Zhou Xuan
(周璇) acted in films and recorded popular songs and was possibly the first Chinese pop star .

In 1949 when the People's Republic of China
China
was established by the Communist Party , one of the first actions taken by the government was to denounce pop music (specifically Western pop) as decadent music. Beginning in the 1950s , massive waves of immigrants fled Shanghai to destinations like North Point
North Point
in Hong Kong. As a result, many first generation Cantopop
Cantopop
artists and composers hail from Shanghai.

1960S: CULTURAL ACCEPTANCE

By the 1960s, Cantonese music in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
was still limited largely to traditional Cantonese opera
Cantonese opera
and comic renditions of western music. Tang Kee-chan (鄧寄塵), Cheng Kuan-min (鄭君綿), and Tam Ping-man (譚炳文) were among the earliest artists releasing Cantonese records.

The generation at the time preferred British and American exports. Western culture
Western culture
was at the time equated with education and sophistication, and Elvis
Elvis
, Johnny Mathis
Johnny Mathis
and The Beatles
The Beatles
were popular.

Conversely, those who preferred Cantonese music were considered old-fashioned or uneducated. Cheng Kum-cheung (鄭錦昌) and Chan Chai-chung (陳齊頌) were two popular Cantonese singers who specifically targeted the younger generation. Connie Chan Po-chu (陳寶珠) is generally considered to be Hong Kong's first teen idol , mostly due to her career longevity. Josephine Siao (蕭芳芳) is also another artist of the era.

1970S: RISE OF TELEVISION AND THE MODERN INDUSTRY

Local bands mimicked British and American bands. Two types of local Cantonese music appeared in the market nearly concurrently in 1973: one type cashed in on the popularity of TVB
TVB
's drama series based on the more traditional lyrical styles. The other was more western style music largely from Polydor
Polydor
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(寶麗多唱片). Notable singers from the era include Liza Wang (汪明荃) and Paula Tsui (徐小鳳).

Soap operas were needed to fill TV air time, and popular Cantonese songs became TV theme songs. Around 1971, Sandra Lang (仙杜拉), a minor singer who had never sung Cantopop
Cantopop
before, was invited to sing the first Cantonese TV theme song "A marriage of Laughter and Tears" (啼笑因緣). This song was a collaboration between songwriters Yip Siu-dak (葉紹德) and the legendary Joseph Koo (顧嘉煇). It was ground-breaking and topped local charts. Other groups that profited from TV promotion included the Four Golden Flowers (四朵金花).

Samuel Hui
Samuel Hui
(許冠傑) is regarded by some to be the earliest singing star of Cantopop. He was the lead singer of the band Lotus (蓮花樂隊) formed in the late 1960s, signed to Polydor
Polydor
in 1972. The song that made him famous was the theme song to Games Gamblers Play (鬼馬雙星), also starring Hui.

The star of TV theme tunes was Roman Tam (羅文). Three of the most famous TV soap opera singers were Jenny Tseng (甄妮), Liza Wang and Adam Cheng (鄭少秋). The Wynners (溫拿樂隊)and George Lam (林子祥)also amassed a big fan base with their new style. Samuel Hui continued to dominate the charts and won the Centennial Best Sales Award in the first and second IFPI Gold Disc Presentations twice in a row in 1977 and 1978. Polydor
Polydor
became PolyGram
PolyGram
(寶麗金) in 1978.

It was at this time that the term Cantopop
Cantopop
was first coined. The Billboard correspondent Hans Ebert, who had earlier coined the term Cantorock in 1974, noted a change in its style to something similar to British-American soft rock , therefore started to use the term Cantopop
Cantopop
instead in 1978.

1980S: BEGINNING OF THE GOLDEN AGE

During the 1980s , Cantopop
Cantopop
soared to great heights with artists, producers and record companies working in harmony. Cantopop
Cantopop
stars such as Anita Mui
Anita Mui
(梅艷芳), Leslie Cheung (張國榮), George Lam (林子祥), Alan Tam (譚詠麟), Sally Yeh (葉倩文), Priscilla Chan (陳慧嫻), Sandy Lam
Sandy Lam
(林憶蓮), and Danny Chan (陳百強) quickly became household names. The industry used Cantopop
Cantopop
songs in TV dramas and movies, with some of the biggest soundtracks coming from films such as A Better Tomorrow (英雄本色). Sponsors and record companies became comfortable with the idea of lucrative contracts and million-dollar signings. There are also Japanese songs with Cantonese lyrics.

The most successful Chinese female recording artist, "Queen of Mandarin songs" Teresa Teng
Teresa Teng
(鄧麗君)also crossed over to Cantopop. She achieved commercial success with her original Cantonese Hits under the Polygram Label in the early 1980s. Jenny Tseng was a notable addition from Macau
Macau
.

In the 1980s there came the second wave of "band fever" (the first wave came in the 1960-70s, which was much influenced by the global Beatlemania at that time. Young people thought that forming bands was fashionable. Many new bands emerged at that time, such as Samuel Hui 's Lotus , The Wynners , and the Teddy Robin and the Playboys . However, the bands emerged in this first wave were just copying the western music style, mostly covering British and American rock songs, and prefer singing in English rather than Cantonese). Different from the first wave in the 60s, the "band fever" in the 80s did not show an obvious relationship with the global culture at the time being, but much related with the marketing strategy of the local record companies and mass media. Many independent bands and music groups were signed by big record companies, and this made a positive impact to the Hong Kong pop music world, as their works were highly original, with strong individuality, and they were all devoted to writing songs in local language, i.e. Cantonese. The subjects of their works were different from the mainstream (which was mostly love ballads ). Politics and social life were popular subjects for the bands in their creation. The "band fever" also brought variety in musical style to the Hong Kong mainstream music world (which was almost monopolised by Pop-ballad for a long time). Styles like Rock , Metal , Pop-Rock , Folk , Neo-Romantic , Pop and some experimental styles (e.g. Cantorock) were introduced. Among them, Beyond and Tat Ming Pair (達明一派) gave the greatest impact to the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
music world. Some renowned bands and groups included: Beyond , Raidas, Tat Ming Pair , Tai Chi (太極樂隊), Grasshopper (草蜢樂隊), Little Tigers (小虎隊), Paradox (夢劇院), Blue Jeans (藍戰士), Echo, Wind "> Twins at the height of the group's popularity

2000S

At the turn of the century, Cantonese was still dominant in the domain of Chinese pop . The deaths of stars Leslie Cheung and Anita Mui in 2003 rocked the industry. A transitional phase also took place with many overseas-raised artists such as Nicholas Tse
Nicholas Tse
(謝霆鋒) and Coco Lee
Coco Lee
(李玟) gaining recognition. As a result, Cantopop
Cantopop
is no longer restricted to Hong Kong, but has become part of a larger music movement.

In 2005 Cantopop
Cantopop
began a new upswing. Major companies that drove much of the HK segment included Gold Typhoon Music
Music
Entertainment ( EMI
EMI
, Gold Label 金牌大風), Universal Music
Music
Group (環球唱片), East Asia Entertainment (東亞娛樂) and Amusic and Emperor Entertainment Group (英皇娛樂). Some of the most successful performers of the era include Joey Yung (容祖兒), Twins , Eason Chan
Eason Chan
(陳奕迅), Miriam Yeung
Miriam Yeung
, Leo Ku , Janice Vidal . The new era also saw an explosion of bands such as at17 , Soler , Sunboy\'z , Hotcha , Mr and Rubberband
Rubberband
. Many artists such as Stephy Tang (鄧麗欣), Kary Ng (吳雨霏), Kenny Kwan (關智斌) and Renee Li (李蘊) later ended up going solo. The decade has also been dubbed a "People's singer" era (親民歌星), as most performers were frequently seen promoting in public. This is contrasted with the 1990s when previous era "big-name" singers (大牌歌星) unapproachable.

A number of scandals struck some of the stars later in the decade. In 2008 the Edison Chen photo scandal involving Edison Chen (陳冠希) and Twins singer Gillian Chung
Gillian Chung
(鐘欣桐), among others, who were the subject of explicit photos uploaded online. The scandal occupied the front pages of the local press for a solid month, and also garnered the attention of international media. The scandal tarnished the image of the previously "squeaky-clean" Twins, and resulted in their going into hiatus in late June 2008, four months after Gillian was caught up in the scandal. Other events include the street fight between Gary Chaw
Gary Chaw
(曹格) and Justin Lo
Justin Lo
(側田). In 2009, Jill Vidal (衛詩) and her singer boyfriend Kelvin Kwan (關楚耀) were arrested in Tokyo on 24 February 2009 over allegations of marijuana possession . Kwan was released without charge after 32 days in jail, while Vidal later pleaded guilty in Tokyo court to heroin possession, and was sentenced to two years' imprisonment, suspended for three years.

2010S

After the handover of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
to China
China
in 1997, Mandarin became more important and the influence of Cantonese became vulnerable. Nevertheless, in addition to the 7 million people of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, the genre continues to enjoy popularity among a Cantonese-speaking audience of in excess of 100 million in southern China, plus 10 million Cantonese-speaking diaspora in Canada, Australia and the United States. In 2010, a proposal that Guangzhou Television station should increase its broadcast in Mandarin led to protests in Guangzhou . While the authorities relented, this event reflects attempts at marginalising Cantonese and the ascendency of Mandopop
Mandopop
.

The first major award of the decade 09 JSG award was a highly controversial one with the ongoing HKRIA tax case . The case was reportedly solved in early 2012 though. In January 2012, the 11 JSG award was again controversial since one of the biggest awards, Record of the Year, was handed to Raymond Lam (林峯) with his unpopular song "Chok". Some of the successful performers of the era are Eason Chan , Joey Yung , Juno Mak (麥浚龍), Gillian Chung
Gillian Chung
, Kay Tse (謝安琪), Hins Cheung (張敬軒), Pakho Chow
Pakho Chow
(周柏豪), Ivana Wong (王菀之), Sugar Club , Mag Lam (林欣彤), Alfred Hui (許廷鏗), C AllStar , AGA (江海迦), James Ng (吳業坤), Phil Lam (林奕匡), Kary Ng , Fiona Sit (薛凱琪) and Khalil Fong (方大同).

CHARACTERISTICS

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INSTRUMENTS AND SETUPS

Early Cantopop
Cantopop
was developed from Cantonese opera
Cantonese opera
music hybridised with Western pop. The musicians soon gave up traditional Chinese musical instruments like zheng and erhu fiddle in favour of western style arrangements. Cantopop
Cantopop
songs are usually sung by one singer, sometimes with a band, accompanied by piano, synthesizer, drum set and guitars. They are composed under verse-chorus form and are generally monophonic . Practically all early Cantopop
Cantopop
songs feature a descending bassline .

LYRICS

"Wait (等)" A slow to medium tempo soundtrack by Danny Chan for the 1984 HK film "Merry Christmas" (聖誕快樂) ------------------------- "Half moon (月半彎)" A transitional song from the golden age to the Four Heavenly kings era by Jacky Cheung ------------------------- "Sugar in the Marmalade" A hybrid cantopop techno song by Leon Lai -------------------------

Problems playing these files? See media help .

Cantonese is a pitch sensitive tonal language . The word carries a different meaning when sung in a different relative pitch. Matching Cantonese lyrics to Western music was particularly difficult because the Western musical scale has 12 semi-tones. Through the work of pioneers like Samuel Hui, James Wong (黃霑) and Jimmy Lo Kwok Jim (盧國沾), those that followed have more stock phrases for reference.

Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
Lyrics

The first type is the poetic lyrics written in literary or classical Wenyan Chinese (文言). In the past, Cantopop
Cantopop
maintained the Cantonese Opera tradition of matching the musical notes with tones of the language. Relatively few Cantopop
Cantopop
songs use truly colloquial Cantonese terms, and fewer songs contain lyrics. Songs written in this style are usually reserved for TV shows about ancient China
China
. Since the 1980s, increasing numbers of singers have departed from this tradition, though some big names like Roman Tam stayed true to traditional techniques.

Modern Chinese Lyrics

The second type is less formal. The lyrics written in colloquial Cantonese make up the majority with compositions done in modern written Chinese . TV shows filmed under modern contexts will use songs written with these lyrics. Most songs share an over-riding characteristic, in which every last word of a phrase is rhymed .

The following is an example from the song "Impression" (印象) by Samuel Hui
Samuel Hui
. The last word of every phrase ends with '–oeng'.

CHINESE ORIGINAL LYRICS LYRICS ROMANIZED IN JYUTPING

* 誰令我當晚舉止失常 * 難自禁望君你能見諒 * 但覺萬分緊張 皆因跟你遇上 * 誰令我突然充滿幻想

* seoi4 ling6 ngo5 dong1 maan5 geoi2 zi2 sat1 sOENG4 * naan4 zi6 gam1 mong6 gwan1 nei5 nang4 gin3 lOENG6 * daan6 gok3 maan6 fan1 gan2 zOENG1 gaai1 jan1 gan1 nei5 jyu6 sOENG5 * seoi4 ling6 ngo5 dat6 jin4 cung1 mun5 waan6 sOENG2

COVERS OF FOREIGN COMPOSITIONS

Cantopop
Cantopop
was born in the 1970s and became a cultural product with the popularity of two songs popular TVB
TVB
drama's themes songs in the early 1970s': Tower Ballad (鐵塔凌雲, 1972) and A marriage of Laughter and Tears (啼笑因緣, 1974). The majority of "hit" Cantopop, however, is not entirely local produced but the cover versions of "hit" foreign melodies. Since the 1970s, covering "hit" external songs mainly from Japan, Korea, Taiwan
Taiwan
or other Western countries became a common practice among Hong Kong
Hong Kong
record companies. At that time, Hong Kong's constantly growing music industry acknowledges simply by using those hits, whose already gained popularity, will be the easiest way to reach success in the market. Cover versions were also widely used as a solution to address the shortage of the local hits due to the lack of local composers. Another important reason of using cover versions is to minimise the production costs. The practice is also done for business reasons of filling up albums and re-capitalizing on songs with a proven record.

The Radio Television Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(RTHK) Top Ten Chinese Gold Songs Awards, which is one of the major music awards in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
since 1979, can reflect the great reliance on Japanese melodies in Cantopop. During 1980s, 139 out of 477 songs from weekly gold songs chart are cover versions, and 52% of the cover versions were covers of Japanese songs. Numerous of legendary songs of Cantopop
Cantopop
superstars Alan Tam, Leslie Cheung and Anita Mui, for example, Craziness (1983), Monica (1984), Foggy Love (1984), For Your Love Only (1985,) Evil Girl (1985), The Past Love (1986), The First Tear (1986), and Fired Tango indeed were cover versions of Japanese hits, and shown the use of covers contribute to the success of superstars in certain degree.

By definition hybrids are still considered Cantonese songs due to Cantonese lyrics, though the rights borrowed varies country to country. Songs like "Tomorrow sounds like today" (明日話今天) by Jenny Tseng , "Life to seek" (一生何求) by Danny Chan , "Snowing" (飄雪) by Priscilla Chan , and "Can't afford" (負擔不起) by Jade Kwan were originally composed outside of Hong Kong. Many critics disapprove of this practice of covering foreign music as lack of originality, and many albums promoted themselves as "cover-free".

INDUSTRY

CANTOPOP STARS

Usually talent is secondary to the success of a Cantopop
Cantopop
singer in Hong Kong. Most of the time, the image sells the albums, as it is one of the characteristic of mainstream music similarly mirrored in the United States and Japan. Publicity is vital to an idol's career, as one piece of news could make or break a future. Almost all modern Cantopop
Cantopop
stars go into the movie business regardless of their ability to act; however the reverse may also occur with actors releasing albums and embarking on concerts regardless of singing talent. They immediately expand to the Mandarin market once their fame is established, hence pure Cantopop
Cantopop
stars are almost nonexistent. Outside of the music sales, their success can also be gauged by their income. For example, according to some reports, Sammi Cheng
Sammi Cheng
earned HK$ 46M (around US$ 6M) from advertisement and merchandise endorsements in one month alone. Many artists however begin with financial hardships. For example, Yumiko Cheng owed her company thousands of dollars. Others include Elanne Kong
Elanne Kong
crying in public with only HK$58 left.

LABELS

PolyGram
PolyGram
, EMI
EMI
, Sony, Warner and BMG were established in Hong Kong since the 1970s. Local record companies such as Crown Records (娛樂唱片), Wing Hang Records (永恆), Manchi Records (文志) and Capital Artists (華星唱片)in the past have become successful local labels. As TV drama themes lost favour in the mid-1980s, market power soon drifted to the multi-national labels. Sales are tracked at the IFPI HK Annual Sales Chart.

CRITICISM

UNORIGINALITY

Cantopop
Cantopop
has been criticised as being bland and unoriginal, since most stars tend to sing songs with similar topics with emphasis on "maudlin love ballads". Cantopop
Cantopop
features many songs which use foreign and traditional tunes to which new Cantonese lyrics have been written, including many of the songs of the 1980s golden era. However this reflects the traditional practise and values of Chinese music in which only lyrics and lyricists are valued.

In the late 1990s, there was a shortage of creative talent due to the rising demand for Chinese songs; meanwhile, China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
had nurtured their own local industries posing serious competition to Cantopop. Renowned legendary lyricist James Wong Jum-sum (黃湛森), known as Wong Jim (黃霑), wrote his 2003 thesis on the subject.

However, there are still many indie musicians , with some such as Beyond (who emerged from the "band fever" of the 1980s) and Tat Ming Pair , whose songs reflect the darker, less-expressed side of society, achieving mainstream success.

ARTISTS

MALE

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

* Wong Ka Kui * Aaron Siu * Albert Au * Kenny Bee * Danny Chan * Daniel Chan * Eason Chan
Eason Chan
* Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
* Jaycee Chan * Jordan Chan * Jason Chan * Sammul Chan * William Chan
William Chan
* Pak Ho Chau * Wakin (Emil) Chau * Edison Chen * Adam Cheng * Ekin Cheng
Ekin Cheng
* Fred Cheng * Kevin Cheng
Kevin Cheng
* Ronald Cheng * Dicky Cheung * Hins Cheung * Julian Cheung * Ryan Lau * Alfred Hui
Alfred Hui
* Jacky Cheung * Leslie Cheung * Louis Koo * Louis Cheung * Steven Cheung * Benji Chiang * Endy Chow * Alex Fong * Khalil Fong * Jay Fung * Andy Hui * Alex Hung * Ken Hung * Takeshi Kaneshiro
Takeshi Kaneshiro
* Kelvin Kwan * Kenny Kwan * Michael Kwan * Leo Ku * Aaron Kwok
Aaron Kwok
* Roger Kwok * Leon Lai * Alex Lam * Bowie Lam * Chet Lam * George Lam
George Lam
* Raymond Lam * Jan Lamb
Jan Lamb
* Andy Lau * Wilfred Lau
Wilfred Lau
* Gene Lee * Hacken Lee
Hacken Lee
* Edmond Leung
Edmond Leung
* Tony Leung * Don Li * Gallen Lo * Justin Lo
Justin Lo
* Lowell Lo * Douglas Low * Juno Mak * Dennis Mak * Pong Nan * Deep Ng * Ron Ng * Aarif Rahman * Edwin Siu * William So
William So
* Alan Tam * Roman Tam * Patrick Tang
Patrick Tang
* Alex To * Nicholas Tse
Nicholas Tse
* Wong Cho Lam * Deric Wan * Dave Wang * Philip Wei Xiong * Chris Wong * Paul Wong * Bosco Wong * Anthony Wong * James Wong * Hubert Wu * Charles Ying * Steven Ma * Shawn Yue
Shawn Yue
* Samuel Hui
Samuel Hui
* Yip Sai Wing * MC Jin * Fred Cheng * Raymond Lam * MastaMic

FEMALE

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

* Kelly Chen
Kelly Chen
* Anita Mui
Anita Mui
* Ada Zhuang * Priscilla Chan * Sandy Lam
Sandy Lam
* Teresa Carpio * Janice Vidal * Jill Vidal
Jill Vidal
* Deanie Ip * Cass Phang * Sammi Cheng
Sammi Cheng
* Shirley Kwan * Candy Lo * Cecilia Cheung * Gigi Leung
Gigi Leung
* Vivian Chow * Teresa Teng
Teresa Teng
* Sally Yeh * Coco Lee
Coco Lee
* Jenny Tseng * Paula Tsui
Paula Tsui
* Miriam Yeung
Miriam Yeung
* Kay Tse * Joey Yung * Fiona Fung * Karen Morris * Kit Chan * Rosanne Lui * Bobo Chan * Connie Chan * Chelsia Chan * Flora Chan * Sita Chan * Vincy Chan
Vincy Chan
* Joyce Cheng * Stephanie Cheng
Stephanie Cheng
* Yumiko Cheng * Cecilia Cheung * Teresa Cheung * Lesley Chiang * Mandy Chiang * Maggie Fu * Charlene Choi * Gillian Chung
Gillian Chung
* Rachelle Chung * Sherman Chung * Niki Chow
Niki Chow
* Renee Dai * Theresa Fu * Cherry Ho * Denise Ho * Paisley Hu * Stephanie Ho * Grace Ip * Elanne Kong
Elanne Kong
* Ella Koon * Kellyjackie * Jade Kwan * Susanna Kwan * Gigi Lai * Vivian Lai * Mag Lam * Winnie Lau * Annabelle Louie * Eunix Lee * Gin Lee * Tiffany Lee * Isabella Leong * Cathy Leung * Toby Leung * Rain Li * Prudence Liew * Shiga Lin
Shiga Lin
* Mimi Lo * J. Arie * Keeva Mak * Jinny Ng * Kary Ng * Yan Ng * Fiona Sit * June Tang * Stephy Tang * Vangie Tang * Lai Ying Tong * Karen Tong * Jessica Hsuan * Kate Tsui
Kate Tsui
* Liza Wang * Emme Wong * Faye Wong
Faye Wong
* Ivana Wong * Kandy Wong * Linda Wong * Bianca Wu * Myolie Wu
Myolie Wu
* Su Miaoling * Charlie Yeung * Frances Yip * Veronica Yip * Amy Chan * Angela Pang * Bondy Chiu * Chita Yu * AMA Huen Ning * AGA

BANDS & GROUPS

* 2R * 4ando(son) * AMK * As One * At17 * Benji and Lesley * Beyond * Bliss * Blue Jeans * C AllStar * Chochukmo * Citybeat * Cream * De Argyle Peasants * Dear Jane * Dry * E-Kids * Echo * EO2 * FAMA * Grasshopper * Honey Bees
Honey Bees
* Honey Bees
Honey Bees
Junior * KOLOR * Krusty * I Love You Boy\'z * The Jade Band * LMF * Lil\' Ashes * Little Tigers * Mister (Mr) * MP4 * My Little Airport * Online * Paradox * Ping Pung * PixelToy * Purple Nine * Raidas * Relaxpose * Robynn & Kendy * RubberBand * Royals * Shine * Sky * Softhard * SohBim * Soler * Super Girls (HK) * Supper Moment * Square * Swing * tonick * Tai Chi * Tat Ming Pair * The Cause Across * The Pancakes * The Raiders * Wind -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

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Cantopop
Songs on Emigration from Hong Kong". Yearbook for Traditional Music. International Council for Traditional Music. 24: 14–23. JSTOR
JSTOR
768468 . doi :10.2307/768468 . * ^ China
China
Briefing Media. (2004) Business Guide to the Greater Pearl River Delta. China
China
Briefing Media Ltd. ISBN 988-98673-1-1 * ^ A B C D E F G Broughton, Simon. Ellingham, Mark. Trillo, Richard. (2000) World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides Publishing Company. ISBN 1-85828-636-0 * ^ Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong
Hong Kong
University Press . ISBN 962-209-563-1 . * ^ Wiltshire, Trea. (republished & reduced 2003). Old Hong Kong – Volume One. Central, Hong Kong: Text Form Asia books Ltd. ISBN Volume One 962-7283-59-2 * ^ Tony Mitchell. "Tian Ci – Faye Wong
Faye Wong
and English Songs in the Cantopop
Cantopop
and Mandapop Repertoire". Local Noise. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. * ^ 馮禮慈. 尋回耳朵——香港粵語流行曲VERY簡史(1950-2002), originally printed in Ming Pao Weekly , 2002. * ^ Xinhuanet.com. "Xinhuanet.com." 四大天王. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. * ^ 163.com. "163.com." 四大天王. Retrieved on 27 December 2010. * ^ "Action Plan to Raise Language Standards in Hong Kong", Standing Committee on Language Education and Research. Retrieved 25 February 2007. * ^ Donald, Stephanie. Keane, Michael. Hong, Yin. (2002). Media in China: Consumption, Content and Crisis. Routledge Mass media policy. ISBN 0-7007-1614-9 . pg 113 * ^ 星星同學會 episode 3 * ^ " Celebrity
Celebrity
Sex Scandal". CNN. 5 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2008. * ^ "Sex scandal rocks Hong Kong". MSNBC
MSNBC
. 14 February 2008. Archived from the original on 15 February 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2008. * ^ Watts, Jonathan (13 February 2008). " China
China
riveted by stolen sex photos of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
stars". The Guardian
The Guardian
. London. Retrieved 15 February 2008. * ^ Clara Mak (5 July 2008). "Twins will reunite, says Choi". South China
China
Morning Post . * ^ Orientaldaily.on.cc. "Orientaldaily.on.cc." 側田曹格肉搏街頭. Retrieved on 2 January 2010. * ^ Nickkita Lau (4 March 2009). "Pot idols on Tokyo rap". The Standard. Hong Kong. Retrieved 5 March 2009. * ^ Patsy Moy, Drug rap Wei Si in Tokyo jail as Kwan flies home, The Standard, 30 March 2009 * ^ "Prison relief as Wei Si admits heroin possession". The Standard. 24 April 2009. * ^ "HK singer returns after 2-month detention". Asia One News. 28 April 2009. * ^ "衛詩藏海洛英被日本法院判入獄兩年緩刑三年". HK ATV. 24 April 2009. * ^ A B http://www.ejinsight.com/20160526-sounds-good-cantopop-still-riding-melodic-tide/ * ^ Yiu-Wai Chu (2013). Lost in Transition: Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Culture in the Age of China. State University of New York Press. pp. 147–148. ISBN 978-1438446455 . * ^ Yiu-Wai Chu (2013). Lost in Transition: Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Culture in the Age of China. State University of New York Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-1438446455 . * ^ Chik, A. (2010). Creative multilingualism in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
popular music. World Englishes. 29(4). 508–522 * ^ Chu, Y.W. & Leung, E. (2013). Remapping Hong Kong
Hong Kong
popular music: covers, localisation and the waning hybridity of Cantopop. Popular Music, 32, 65–78 * ^ Yau, H.Y.(2012). Cover Versions in Hong Kong
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and Japan: Reflections on Music
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Authenticity. Journal of Comparative Asian Development. 11(2). 320–348 * ^ Anhui news.com. "Anhui news.com." 是星就不愁沒錢 鄭秀文一個月賺1022萬. Retrieved on 2 January 2010. * ^ Yahoo.com. "Yahoo.com Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine .." 鄭希怡:江若琳得,8不慘. Retrieved on 3 January 2010. * ^ IFPI HK Annual Sales Chart. "IFPIHK Archived 27 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.." International Federation of Phonographic Industry. Retrieved on 7 April 2007. * ^ Wong, James . The rise and decline of Cantopop
Cantopop
: a study of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
popular music (1949–1997)/粵語流行曲的發展與興衰 : 香港流行音樂研究 (1949–1997)

EXTERNAL LINKS

* C-Pop Fantasie – Online resource for c-pop, providing lyrics, downloads, video shows, and more. * Pop Saves Hong Kong, in Tofu Magazine #2 * Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Vintage Pop Radio * www.hkmusic.cn: Cantopop
Cantopop
song listings (in Chinese) * www.mysongspage.com, lyrics and chords for Cantonese, English ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

* Popular music
Popular music
* Pop music
Pop music

General forms of Western popular music

* Adult contemporary * Avant-pop * Christmas music
Christmas music
* Contemporary Christian music
Contemporary Christian music
* Crossover music
Crossover music
* Easy listening * Orchestral pop * Traditional

MAJOR GENRES

* Country * Folk (contemporary) * Hip hop * Jazz
Jazz
* Rborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Car song * Cover version
Cover version
* Illustrated song
Illustrated song
*

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