ListMoto - Camelford

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CAMELFORD (Cornish : Reskammel ) is a town and civil parish in north Cornwall
, England, United Kingdom, situated in the River Camel
River Camel
valley northwest of Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
. The town is approximately ten miles (16 km) north of Bodmin
and is governed by Camelford
Town Council. LANTEGLOS-BY-CAMELFORD is the ecclesiastical parish in which the town is situated (not to be confused with Lanteglos-by-Fowey ). The ward population at the 2011 Census was 4,001. The Town population at the same census was 865 only

is in the North Cornwall
parliamentary constituency represented by Scott Mann MP since 2015. Until 1974, the town was the administrative headquarters of Camelford Rural District .

The two main industrial enterprises in the area are the slate quarry at Delabole and the cheese factory at Davidstow and there is a small industrial estate at Highfield.

The A39 road
A39 road
(dubbed 'Atlantic Highway') passes through the town centre: a bypass has been discussed for many years. Camelford
Station , some distance from the town, closed in 1966; the site was subsequently used as a cycling museum.


* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Places of interest * 1.2 Transport

* 2 History

* 2.1 Early history

* 2.1.1 Manor of Helston
in Trigg

* 2.2 Modern history

* 2.2.1 Water pollution incident

* 3 Churches and schools * 4 Notable people associated with Camelford
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links


Map of stations on the North Cornwall

Its position near the highest land in Cornwall
makes the climate rather wet. On 8 June 1957, 203 millimetres (8.0 in) of rain fell at Camelford. Roughtor
is the nearest of the hills of Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
to the town and numerous prehistoric remains can be found nearby as well. The Town Hall was built in 1806, but is now used as a branch public library. By the riverside is Enfield Park; hamlets in the parish include Helstone, Tregoodwell , Valley Truckle , Hendra , Lanteglos, Slaughterbridge , Tramagenna , Treforda and Trevia. The economy depends largely on agriculture and tourism; there is a china clay works at Stannon.


North Cornwall
Museum and Gallery

is the home of the North Cornwall
Museum and Gallery which contains paintings and objects of local historical interest. To the northwest at Slaughterbridge is an Arthurian Centre and at nearby Camelford Station is the Cycling
Museum (temporarily closed since 2010). To the east are the hills of Roughtor
and Brown Willy
Brown Willy
and to the south the old parish churches at Lanteglos and Advent.


The main road through Camelford
is the A39 (Atlantic Highway) and there is a thrice-daily Western Greyhound
Western Greyhound
bus service from Newquay
to Exeter
via Launceston that serves the town. A tentatively-planned bypass is on hold; traffic problems continue to crowd the town especially during summer weekends. From 1893 to 1966 the town had a station on the North Cornwall
Railway . The nearest national railway station is Bodmin
Parkway , 14 miles distant.


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has been linked to the legendary Camelot , and the battle of Camlann
, but historians have refuted these suggestions. The name comes from the original, Brythonic name of the river (Allen) in combination with cam- = crooked and the English 'ford', though this is not accepted by all.

has sometimes been linked to Gafulford
the site of a battle against the West Saxons which is more likely to have been at Galford in Devon
.) Nearby Slaughterbridge has been supposed to be the site of a battle; an error arising because the derivation of "slaughter" in this case from an Anglo-Saxon word for "marsh" was not understood.

Manor Of Helston
In Trigg

Helstone (or Helston
in Trigg) was in the Middle Ages one of the chief manors of the Hundred of Trigg and perhaps in Celtic times the seat of a chieftain. In the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
this manor was held by Earl Robert of Mortain : there were 2 hides, land for 15 ploughs; the lord had 4 ploughs 20 villagers 10 acres (40,000 m2) of woodland; 6 square leagues of pasture; five kinds of livestock, in total 195 beasts. The manor of Penmayne was a dependency of this manor. It was one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall


The town elected two members to the Unreformed House of Commons : the first MPs sat in the Parliament of 1552. It was later considered a rotten borough , and in 1832 the Camelford
parliamentary constituency was abolished and the town became part of the East Cornwall constituency.

The seal of the borough shows: Arg. a camel passing through a ford of water all proper with legend "Sigillum Vill: de Camelford".

Water Pollution Incident

Main article: Camelford water pollution incident
Camelford water pollution incident

In July 1988, the water supply to the town and the surrounding area was contaminated when 20 tons of aluminium sulphate was poured into the wrong tank at the Lowermoor Water Treatment Works on Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
. An independent inquiry into the incident , the worst of its kind in British history, started in 2002, and a draft report was issued in January 2005, but questions remain as to the long-term effects on the health of residents. Michael Meacher , who visited Camelford
as environment minister, called the incident and its aftermath, "A most unbelievable scandal."


The parish church of St Julitta, Lanteglos The church of St Thomas of Canterbury A Cornish cross in the churchyard at Lanteglos; it was found in a blacksmith's shop at Valley Truckle

The parish church of Camelford
is at LANTEGLOS BY CAMELFORD though there is also a Church of St Thomas of Canterbury (opened in 1938) in the town. Lanteglos church is dedicated to St Julitta . (At Jetwells near Camelford
is a holy well; Jetwells derives from "Julitta's well".) Arthur Langdon (1896) recorded the existence of seven stone crosses in the parish, including three at the rectory (Lanteglos Rectory was converted into a guesthouse in the mid-20th century). There was in medieval times a chapel of St Thomas which probably fell into disuse after the Reformation (it is recorded in 1312). The Rector of Lanteglos is also responsible for the adjacent parish of Advent . A Cornish cross, Trevia

In Market Place is the Methodist Church (originally a Wesleyan Methodist Chapel). The founder of Methodism
, John Wesley
John Wesley
, visited Camelford
on several occasions during his journeys in Cornwall. In the 1830s and 1840s the Camelford
Wesleyan Methodist circuit underwent a secession by more than half the members to the Wesleyan Methodist Association . There is an older Methodist chapel (now disused) in Chapel Street.

Soul's Harbour Pentecostal Church is situated on the Clease adjacent to the car park. It is affiliated with The Assemblies of God of Great Britain and was founded in 1987. The building the Church occupies was built as the Church School in 1846.

Sir James Smith\'s School provides secondary education to the town and surrounding area and there is also a primary school.


The naval officer Samuel Wallis was born near Camelford
(among his achievements was the circumnavigation of the world). Francis Hurdon , the Canadian politician was also born at Camelford. Two members of the Pitt family held the title of Baron Camelford: Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron Camelford
(1737–1793) and Thomas Pitt, 2nd Baron Camelford (1775–1804). Samuel Pollard , missionary to China was also born in Camelford.

For the patrons of the parliamentary borough see the separate article.


* Camelford RFC , rugby union club


* ^ "Cornish Language Partnership : Place names in the SWF". Magakernow.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-02. * ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay
& Bodmin
ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5 * ^ Archived 10 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Camelford
Ward population 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015. * ^ "Lanteglos by Camelford
population 2011". Genuki.org. Retrieved 5 February 2015. * ^ "Parishes and settlements in Cornwall
Explore Britain". Explorebritain.info. Retrieved 2015-11-02. * ^ A Dictionary of British Place-Names - A. D. Mills - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-02. * ^ Thorn, C., et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,1,4 * ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979) A Cornish Armory. Padstow: Lodenek Press; p. 132, ASIN: B001HWDTU8 * ^ Archived 20 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Parish of Lanteglos by Camelford". Achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 2009-04-17. * ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 133 * ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard * ^ * ^ Pearce, John (ed.) (1964) The Wesleys in Cornwall: Extracts from the Journals of John and Charles Wesley and John Nelson. Truro: D. Bradford Barton * ^ Shaw, Thomas (1967) A History of Cornish Methodism; chap, 5. Truro: D. Bradford Barton, ASIN: