Camelford (Cornish: Reskammel) is a town and civil parish in north
Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, situated in the
River Camel valley
Bodmin Moor. The town is approximately ten miles
(16 km) north of Bodmin and is governed by
Camelford is the ecclesiastical parish in
which the town is situated (not to be confused with
Lanteglos-by-Fowey). The ward population at the 2011 Census was
4,001. The Town population at the same census was 865 only
Camelford is in the North
Cornwall parliamentary constituency
represented by Scott Mann MP since 2015. Until 1974, the town was the
administrative headquarters of
Camelford Rural District.
The two main industrial enterprises in the area are the slate quarry
Delabole and the cheese factory at
Davidstow and there is a small
industrial estate at Highfield.
A39 road (dubbed 'Atlantic Highway') passes through the town
centre: a bypass has been discussed for many years.
some distance from the town, closed in 1966; the site was subsequently
used as a cycling museum.
1.1 Places of interest
2.1 Early history
2.1.1 Manor of
Helston in Trigg
2.2 Modern history
2.2.1 Water pollution incident
3 Churches and schools
4 Notable people associated with Camelford
5 See also
7 External links
Map of stations on the North
Its position near the highest land in
Cornwall makes the climate
rather wet. On 8 June 1957, 203 millimetres (8.0 in) of rain fell
Roughtor is the nearest of the hills of
Bodmin Moor to
the town and numerous prehistoric remains can be found nearby as well.
The Town Hall was built in 1806, but is now used as a branch public
library. By the riverside is Enfield Park; hamlets in the parish
include Helstone, Tregoodwell, Valley Truckle, Hendra, Lanteglos,
Treforda and Trevia. The economy
depends largely on agriculture and tourism; there is a china clay
works at Stannon.
Places of interest
Cornwall Museum and Gallery
Camelford is the home of the North
Cornwall Museum and Gallery which
contains paintings and objects of local historical interest. To the
Slaughterbridge is an Arthurian Centre and at nearby
Camelford Station is the
Cycling Museum (temporarily closed since
2010). To the east are the hills of
Brown Willy and to
the south the old parish churches at Lanteglos and Advent.
The main road through
Camelford is the A39 (Atlantic Highway) and
there is a thrice-daily
Western Greyhound bus service from
Exeter via Launceston that serves the town. A tentatively-planned
bypass is on hold; traffic problems continue to crowd the town
especially during summer weekends. From 1893 to 1966 the town had a
station on the North
Cornwall Railway. The nearest national railway
Bodmin Parkway, 14 miles distant.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April
Camelford has been linked to the legendary Camelot, and the battle of
Camlann, but historians have refuted these suggestions. The name comes
from the original, Brythonic name of the river (Allen) in combination
with cam- = crooked and the English 'ford', though this is not
accepted by all.[who?]
Camelford has sometimes been linked to
Gafulford the site of a battle
against the West Saxons which is more likely to have been at Galford
in Devon.) Nearby
Slaughterbridge has been supposed to be the site of
a battle; an error arising because the derivation of "slaughter" in
this case from an Anglo-Saxon word for "marsh" was not understood.
Helston in Trigg
Helston in Trigg) was in the Middle Ages one of the chief
manors of the
Hundred of Trigg
Hundred of Trigg and perhaps in Celtic times the seat of
a chieftain. In the
Domesday Book this manor was held by Earl Robert
of Mortain: there were 2 hides, land for 15 ploughs; the lord had 4
ploughs & 18 serfs; 20 villagers & 18 smallholders had 8
ploughs; 10 acres (40,000 m2) of woodland; 6 square leagues of
pasture; five kinds of livestock, in total 195 beasts. The manor of
Penmayne was a dependency of this manor. It was one of the 17
Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall.
The town elected two members to the Unreformed House of Commons: the
first MPs sat in the Parliament of 1552. It was later considered a
rotten borough, and in 1832 the
Camelford parliamentary constituency
was abolished and the town became part of the East Cornwall
The seal of the borough shows: Arg. a camel passing through a ford of
water all proper with legend "Sigillum Vill: de Camelford".
Water pollution incident
Camelford water pollution incident
In July 1988, the water supply to the town and the surrounding area
was contaminated when 20 tons of aluminium sulphate was poured into
the wrong tank at the
Lowermoor Water Treatment Works
Lowermoor Water Treatment Works on
An independent inquiry into the incident, the worst of its kind in
British history, started in 2002, and a draft report was issued in
January 2005, but questions remain as to the long-term effects on the
health of residents. Michael Meacher, who visited
environment minister, called the incident and its aftermath, "A most
Churches and schools
The parish church of St Julitta, Lanteglos
The church of St Thomas of Canterbury
A Cornish cross in the churchyard at Lanteglos; it was found in a
blacksmith's shop at Valley Truckle
The parish church of
Camelford is at Lanteglos by
there is also a Church of St Thomas of Canterbury (opened in 1938) in
the town. Lanteglos church is dedicated to St Julitta. (At
Camelford is a holy well; Jetwells derives from
"Julitta's well".) Arthur Langdon (1896) recorded the existence of
seven stone crosses in the parish, including three at the rectory
(Lanteglos Rectory was converted into a guesthouse in the mid-20th
century). There was in medieval times a chapel of St Thomas which
probably fell into disuse after the Reformation (it is recorded in
1312). The Rector of Lanteglos is also responsible for the adjacent
parish of Advent.
A Cornish cross, Trevia
In Market Place is the Methodist Church (originally a Wesleyan
Methodist Chapel). The founder of Methodism, John Wesley, visited
Camelford on several occasions during his journeys in Cornwall. In
the 1830s and 1840s the
Camelford Wesleyan Methodist circuit underwent
a secession by more than half the members to the Wesleyan Methodist
Association. There is an older Methodist chapel (now disused) in
Soul's Harbour Pentecostal Church is situated on the Clease adjacent
to the car park. It is affiliated with The Assemblies of God of Great
Britain and was founded in 1987. The building the Church occupies was
built as the Church School in 1846.
Sir James Smith's School provides secondary education to the town and
surrounding area and there is also a primary school.
Notable people associated with Camelford
The naval officer
Samuel Wallis was born near
Camelford (among his
achievements was the circumnavigation of the world). Francis Hurdon,
the Canadian politician was also born at Camelford. Two members of the
Pitt family held the title of Baron Camelford: Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron
Camelford (1737–1793) and Thomas Pitt, 2nd Baron Camelford
(1775–1804). Samuel Pollard, missionary to China was also born in
For the patrons of the parliamentary borough see the separate article.
Camelford RFC, rugby union club
^ "Cornish Language Partnership : Place names in the SWF".
Magakernow.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200
Newquay & Bodmin
^  Archived 10 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
Camelford Ward population 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 5
^ "Lanteglos by
Camelford population 2011". Genuki.org. Retrieved 5
^ "Parishes and settlements in
Cornwall Explore Britain".
Explorebritain.info. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
^ A Dictionary of British Place-Names - A. D. Mills - Google Books.
Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-02.
^ Thorn, C., et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore;
^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979) A Cornish Armory. Padstow: Lodenek Press; p.
132, ASIN: B001HWDTU8
^  Archived 20 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Parish of Lanteglos by Camelford". Achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved
^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 133
^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard
^ Pearce, John (ed.) (1964) The Wesleys in Cornwall: Extracts from the
Journals of John and Charles Wesley and John Nelson. Truro: D.
^ Shaw, Thomas (1967) A History of Cornish Methodism; chap, 5. Truro:
D. Bradford Barton, ASIN: B0000CO4DB
More on Camelford
Camelford at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Camelford Town Council
Government Inquiry Report, 2005
Cornwall Record Office Online Catalogue for Camelford
Ceremonial county of Cornwall
Council of the Isles of Scilly
St Columb Major
St Just in Penwith
See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall
Population of major settlements
Places of interest
Outline of Cornwall
Index of Cornwall-related articles
Civil parishes of North
Forrabury and Minster
St Minver Highlands
St Minver Lowlands
St Stephens by Launceston Rural
St Thomas the Apostle Rural
Week St Mary