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Camelford
Camelford
(Cornish: Reskammel[1]) is a town and civil parish in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, situated in the River Camel
River Camel
valley northwest of Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor. The town is approximately ten miles (16 km) north of Bodmin[2] and is governed by Camelford
Camelford
Town Council.[3] Lanteglos-by- Camelford
Camelford
is the ecclesiastical parish in which the town is situated (not to be confused with Lanteglos-by-Fowey). The ward population at the 2011 Census was 4,001.[4] The Town population at the same census was 865 only[5] Camelford
Camelford
is in the North Cornwall
Cornwall
parliamentary constituency represented by Scott Mann MP since 2015. Until 1974, the town was the administrative headquarters of Camelford
Camelford
Rural District. The two main industrial enterprises in the area are the slate quarry at Delabole
Delabole
and the cheese factory at Davidstow
Davidstow
and there is a small industrial estate at Highfield. The A39 road
A39 road
(dubbed 'Atlantic Highway') passes through the town centre: a bypass has been discussed for many years. Camelford
Camelford
Station, some distance from the town, closed in 1966; the site was subsequently used as a cycling museum.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Places of interest 1.2 Transport

2 History

2.1 Early history

2.1.1 Manor of Helston
Helston
in Trigg

2.2 Modern history

2.2.1 Water pollution incident

3 Churches and schools 4 Notable people associated with Camelford 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit]

Map of stations on the North Cornwall
Cornwall
Railway

Its position near the highest land in Cornwall
Cornwall
makes the climate rather wet. On 8 June 1957, 203 millimetres (8.0 in) of rain fell at Camelford. Roughtor
Roughtor
is the nearest of the hills of Bodmin Moor
Bodmin Moor
to the town and numerous prehistoric remains can be found nearby as well. The Town Hall was built in 1806, but is now used as a branch public library. By the riverside is Enfield Park; hamlets in the parish include Helstone, Tregoodwell, Valley Truckle, Hendra, Lanteglos, Slaughterbridge, Tramagenna, Treforda and Trevia.[6] The economy depends largely on agriculture and tourism; there is a china clay works at Stannon. Places of interest[edit]

North Cornwall
Cornwall
Museum and Gallery

Camelford
Camelford
is the home of the North Cornwall
Cornwall
Museum and Gallery which contains paintings and objects of local historical interest. To the northwest at Slaughterbridge
Slaughterbridge
is an Arthurian Centre and at nearby Camelford Station
Camelford Station
is the Cycling
Cycling
Museum (temporarily closed since 2010). To the east are the hills of Roughtor
Roughtor
and Brown Willy
Brown Willy
and to the south the old parish churches at Lanteglos and Advent. Transport[edit] The main road through Camelford
Camelford
is the A39 (Atlantic Highway) and there is a thrice-daily Western Greyhound
Western Greyhound
bus service from Newquay
Newquay
to Exeter
Exeter
via Launceston that serves the town. A tentatively-planned bypass is on hold; traffic problems continue to crowd the town especially during summer weekends. From 1893 to 1966 the town had a station on the North Cornwall
Cornwall
Railway. The nearest national railway station is Bodmin
Bodmin
Parkway, 14 miles distant. History[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2010)

Early history[edit] Camelford
Camelford
has been linked to the legendary Camelot, and the battle of Camlann, but historians have refuted these suggestions. The name comes from the original, Brythonic name of the river (Allen) in combination with cam- = crooked and the English 'ford',[7] though this is not accepted by all.[who?] Camelford
Camelford
has sometimes been linked to Gafulford
Gafulford
the site of a battle against the West Saxons which is more likely to have been at Galford in Devon.) Nearby Slaughterbridge
Slaughterbridge
has been supposed to be the site of a battle; an error arising because the derivation of "slaughter" in this case from an Anglo-Saxon word for "marsh" was not understood. Manor of Helston
Helston
in Trigg[edit] Helstone
Helstone
(or Helston
Helston
in Trigg) was in the Middle Ages one of the chief manors of the Hundred of Trigg
Hundred of Trigg
and perhaps in Celtic times the seat of a chieftain. In the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
this manor was held by Earl Robert of Mortain: there were 2 hides, land for 15 ploughs; the lord had 4 ploughs & 18 serfs; 20 villagers & 18 smallholders had 8 ploughs; 10 acres (40,000 m2) of woodland; 6 square leagues of pasture; five kinds of livestock, in total 195 beasts. The manor of Penmayne was a dependency of this manor.[8] It was one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall. Modern history[edit] The town elected two members to the Unreformed House of Commons: the first MPs sat in the Parliament of 1552. It was later considered a rotten borough, and in 1832 the Camelford
Camelford
parliamentary constituency was abolished and the town became part of the East Cornwall constituency. The seal of the borough shows: Arg. a camel passing through a ford of water all proper with legend "Sigillum Vill: de Camelford".[9] Water pollution incident[edit] Main article: Camelford
Camelford
water pollution incident In July 1988, the water supply to the town and the surrounding area was contaminated when 20 tons of aluminium sulphate was poured into the wrong tank at the Lowermoor Water Treatment Works
Lowermoor Water Treatment Works
on Bodmin
Bodmin
Moor. An independent inquiry into the incident, the worst of its kind in British history, started in 2002, and a draft report was issued in January 2005, but questions remain as to the long-term effects on the health of residents. Michael Meacher, who visited Camelford
Camelford
as environment minister, called the incident and its aftermath, "A most unbelievable scandal."[10] Churches and schools[edit]

The parish church of St Julitta, Lanteglos

The church of St Thomas of Canterbury

A Cornish cross in the churchyard at Lanteglos; it was found in a blacksmith's shop at Valley Truckle

The parish church of Camelford
Camelford
is at Lanteglos by Camelford
Camelford
though there is also a Church of St Thomas of Canterbury (opened in 1938) in the town.[11] Lanteglos church is dedicated to St Julitta.[12] (At Jetwells near Camelford
Camelford
is a holy well; Jetwells derives from "Julitta's well".) Arthur Langdon (1896) recorded the existence of seven stone crosses in the parish, including three at the rectory[13] (Lanteglos Rectory was converted into a guesthouse in the mid-20th century). There was in medieval times a chapel of St Thomas which probably fell into disuse after the Reformation (it is recorded in 1312). The Rector of Lanteglos is also responsible for the adjacent parish of Advent.

A Cornish cross, Trevia

In Market Place is the Methodist Church (originally a Wesleyan Methodist Chapel).[14] The founder of Methodism, John Wesley, visited Camelford
Camelford
on several occasions during his journeys in Cornwall.[15] In the 1830s and 1840s the Camelford
Camelford
Wesleyan Methodist circuit underwent a secession by more than half the members to the Wesleyan Methodist Association.[16] There is an older Methodist chapel (now disused) in Chapel Street. Soul's Harbour Pentecostal Church is situated on the Clease adjacent to the car park. It is affiliated with The Assemblies of God of Great Britain and was founded in 1987. The building the Church occupies was built as the Church School in 1846. Sir James Smith's School provides secondary education to the town and surrounding area and there is also a primary school. Notable people associated with Camelford[edit] The naval officer Samuel Wallis
Samuel Wallis
was born near Camelford
Camelford
(among his achievements was the circumnavigation of the world). Francis Hurdon, the Canadian politician was also born at Camelford. Two members of the Pitt family held the title of Baron Camelford: Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron Camelford
Camelford
(1737–1793) and Thomas Pitt, 2nd Baron Camelford (1775–1804). Samuel Pollard, missionary to China was also born in Camelford. For the patrons of the parliamentary borough see the separate article. See also[edit]

Camelford
Camelford
RFC, rugby union club

References[edit]

^ "Cornish Language Partnership : Place names in the SWF". Magakernow.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-02.  ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay
Newquay
& Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5 ^ [1] Archived 10 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Camelford
Camelford
Ward population 2011". Ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015.  ^ "Lanteglos by Camelford
Camelford
population 2011". Genuki.org. Retrieved 5 February 2015.  ^ "Parishes and settlements in Cornwall
Cornwall
Explore Britain". Explorebritain.info. Retrieved 2015-11-02.  ^ A Dictionary of British Place-Names - A. D. Mills - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-02.  ^ Thorn, C., et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,1,4 ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979) A Cornish Armory. Padstow: Lodenek Press; p. 132, ASIN: B001HWDTU8 ^ [2] Archived 20 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Parish of Lanteglos by Camelford". Achurchnearyou.com. Retrieved 2009-04-17.  ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 133 ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard ^ [3] ^ Pearce, John (ed.) (1964) The Wesleys in Cornwall: Extracts from the Journals of John and Charles Wesley and John Nelson. Truro: D. Bradford Barton ^ Shaw, Thomas (1967) A History of Cornish Methodism; chap, 5. Truro: D. Bradford Barton, ASIN: B0000CO4DB

External links[edit]

More on Camelford Camelford
Camelford
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Camelford
Camelford
Town Council Government Inquiry Report, 2005 Cornwall
Cornwall
Record Office Online Catalogue for Camelford

v t e

Ceremonial county of Cornwall

Cornwall
Cornwall
Portal

Unitary authorities

Cornwall
Cornwall
Council Council of the Isles of Scilly

Major settlements

Bodmin Bude Callington Camborne Camelford Falmouth Fowey Hayle Helston Launceston Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Marazion Newlyn Newquay Padstow Par Penryn Penzance Porthleven Redruth Saltash St Austell St Blazey St Columb Major St Ives St Just in Penwith St Mawes Stratton Torpoint Truro Wadebridge See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall

Rivers

Allen Camel Carnon Cober De Lank Fal Fowey Gannel Gover Hayle Helford Inny Kensey Lerryn Looe Lynher Menalhyl Ottery Par Pont Pill Port Navas Red Seaton St Austell Tamar Tiddy Truro Valency full list...

Topics

History Status debate Flag Culture Economy Places Population of major settlements Demography Notable people The Duchy Diocese Politics Schools Hundreds/shires Places of interest Outline of Cornwall Index of Cornwall-related articles

v t e

Civil parishes of North Cornwall
Cornwall
constituency

Cornwall

Advent Altarnun Blisland Bodmin Boyton Bude–Stratton Camelford Cardinham Davidstow Egloshayle Egloskerry Forrabury and Minster Helland Jacobstow Kilkhampton Laneast Lanhydrock Lanivet Launceston Launcells Lawhitton
Lawhitton
Rural Lesnewth Lewannick Lezant Marhamchurch Michaelstow Morwenstow North Hill North Petherwin North Tamerton Otterham Padstow Poundstock South Petherwin St Breock St Breward St Clether St Endellion St Ervan St Eval St Gennys St Issey St Juliot St Kew St Mabyn St Merryn St Minver Highlands St Minver Lowlands St Stephens by Launceston Rural St Teath St Thomas the Apostle Rural St Tudy Stoke Climsland Tintagel Tremaine Treneglos Tresmeer Trevalga Trewen Wadebridge Warbstow Week St Mary Werrington Whitstone Withiel

Cornwall
Cornwall
Portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144357

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